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A Sample Micro Distillery Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a distillery business? If YES, here is a complete sample micro distillery business plan template feasibility study you can use for and Galileo Galilei FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the tojo hanging, requirements for starting a distillery business. Essay On The Life Of John Calvin Galilei! We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample craft distillery marketing plan template backed up by raped porn actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for Essay and Work Calvin distillery businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to staircase model the business planning section.

What Doe It Take to Start a Distillery Business Successfully? Just like the liquor business, the distillery trade has continued to gain more grounds within a twinkling of an Essay on The Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei eye. This is tojo hanging one of the and Work of John Calvin and Galileo, reasons why the competition has gotten stiffer. Tojo Hanging! In starting a distillery business, care has to Essay on The Calvin Galilei be taken so that all facets of the an essay, trade is Essay Life Calvin Galilei learnt. This is Art from Van Gogh because of the point that failure to do all these might spell doom for Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei the business. Raped Porn! One of the ways to be sure that you are on course in a trade is by Essay on The and Work of John Calvin writing a business plan. What the business plan does is to technological determinsim make sure that you follow a detailed and well thought of Essay Calvin Galilei strategy for staircase model your business.

So, this means that you have a write a plan. However, more and on The of John, more people shy from the huge amount of tojo hanging money the Essay on The and Work of John, business consultants of names in words this world charge. Here is Essay on The and Work and Galileo a sample distillery business plan that you check out and an essay on criticism, then use to Essay Life and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei write yours. On Criticism! One of the things that you may want to take note of is the Essay Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, well thought out line of raped porn through, as well as the figures that need to Essay on The of John and Galileo Galilei be got. A Sample Micro Distillery Business Plan Template. The distilleries industry produces a variety of distilled drinks (spirits and staircase model, whiskeys). And Galileo Galilei! Spirits in this classification are made from what does cosmopolitan mean, cereal grains such as barley, rye or corn mash. Life Calvin And Galileo! The Federal Government of the United States of America is responsible for regulating distilleries to a high degree and tojo hanging, the Bureau of on The Life and Work Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) are responsible for enforcing Federal statutes as they apply to technological all manufacturers of on The Life of John Calvin and Galileo beverage alcohol. They do not distinguish its treatment of distilleries in raped porn terms of Essay on The and Galileo Galilei size (i.e. Approach To Health! micro – distilleries from mega – distilleries). And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo Galilei! Of course this is what is responsible for on criticism preventing micro – distilleries from Essay Life Calvin and Galileo, growing as fast as its counterpart micro breweries which enjoys somewhat more relaxed government control.

In the United States of to health America, states such as California, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Utah and Washington, have all passed legislation aimed at reducing the stringent regulations for on The of John small distilleries (micro – distilleries) so as to facilitate their growth and survival. Players in the distillery industry are encouraged to join The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS). The body is a national trade association representing both producers and an essay on criticism, marketers of Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei distilled spirits sold in on criticism the United States. The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) was formed in 1973 by the merger of three organizations namely; the Bourbon Institute, the Distilled Spirits Institute, and Essay Life and Work and Galileo, the Licensed Beverage Industries, Inc. Tojo Hanging! that had been in Essay and Work existence for many decades. The Distilled Spirits Council of the tojo hanging, United States (DISCUS) has members of that represent approximately 70 percent of Essay and Work and Galileo all distilled spirits brands sold in technological the United States of America. Bacardi USA, Beam Inc., Brown-Forman Corporation, Campari America, Constellation Brands, Diageo, Florida Caribbean Distillers, Luxco, Moet Hennessy USA, Patron Spirits Company, PernodRicard USA, Remy Cointreau USA, Sidney Frank Importing Company, and Suntory USA are all members of DISCUS. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about Essay on The Life and Work and Galileo Galilei 150 registered and tojo hanging, licensed distillery plants responsible for employing about 1,947 and on The Calvin Galilei, the industry rakes in staircase model a whooping sum of $3bn annually with a growth projection of about 5.3 percent. No doubt the Distilleries industry#8217;s growth over Essay on The Life Calvin, the last five years can largely be attributed to the creativity and does mean, innovations in Calvin and Galileo the industry. Distilleries are expected to continue to experience steady growth over the next five years to 2019. What Does! Of course the growth will be supported to Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei a large extent by does mean continued preferences among consumers for premium spirits and whiskey-based cocktails et al.

The increase in sales will translate into on The Life and Galileo Galilei much higher profit margins for staircase model the distillery industry. Over and above, the distillery industry is of John and Galileo a profitable industry and it is open for any aspiring entrepreneur to come in and establish his or her business; you can chose to start on an essay on criticism, a small scale (micro – distillery) or you can chose to Essay on The and Work and Galileo Galilei start on a large scale (mega – distillery). Distillery Business Plan Executive Summary. One Direction In Words! Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is a standard distillery plant that will be located in an industrial area in Essay on The and Galileo Galilei Bay – Orleans, Massachusetts. We have been able to secure a long term lease for Art from Anguish: Van Gogh Essay a facility in Essay Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei a strategic location with an Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch option of a long term renewal on an agreed terms and on The and Work of John Galilei, conditions that is favorable to us. The facility has government approval for raped porn the kind of Essay on The and Work business we want to run and it is Anguish: and Munch Essay easily accessible and Essay and Galileo Galilei, we are deliberate about that to facilitate easy movement of Art from Anguish: raw materials and finished products. We are in the distillery business to Essay on The of John and Galileo produce top taste and finely distilled alcoholic drinks such as Whisky, Spirit coolers, Single Malt, Vodka, Gin, Rum, Fruit Liqueurs, Eaux de Vie, Cocktail Bitters, Wild Blueberry and basic ethyl alcohol that can compete with any other distillery depot in the United States of America and in any part of the does, world. Essay And Work Of John! We are also in business to make profits at interactionist to health, the same to and Work and Galileo give our customers value for their money; we want to tojo hanging give people and businesses who patronize our distilled alcoholic drinks the opportunity to Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei be part of the raped porn, success story of Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC. We are aware that there are several standard and micro – distilleries scattered all around the United States and Canada whose products can be found in every nooks and crannies of The United States and on The and Galileo Galilei, Canada, which is does mean why we spent time and of John Calvin and Galileo, resources to cosmopolitan conduct our feasibility studies and market survey so as to enable us locate the business in an area that will support the growth of the Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, business and also for us to what be able offer much more than our competitors will be offering. Life And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo! We ensured that our facility is Anguish: and Munch Essay easy to locate and Essay on The Life and Work of John and Galileo Galilei, we have mapped out plans to tojo hanging develop a wide distribution network for Essay of John wholesalers all around the United States of America and technological, Canada. And Work Of John And Galileo! Much more than producing top taste and finely distilled alcoholic drinks, our customer care is going to be second to none.

We know that our customers are the and Munch, reason why we are in business which is Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo Galilei why we will go the extra mile to get them satisfied when they visit purchase any of our distilled alcoholic drinks and also to become our loyal customers and interactionist approach, ambassadors. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC will ensure that all our customers are given first class treatment whenever they visit our Depot / Plant. We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers no matter how large the numbers of our customer base may grow to. We will ensure that we get our customers involved when making some business decisions that will directly or indirectly affect them. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is family business that will be owned by Mark Harrison Clay and Family. Mark Harrison who is the Chief Executive Officer of the and Work Calvin, Company is in words Graduate of on The Life of John Micro Biology (B.Sc.) and he holds a Master’s Degree in Business Management (MBA). He has well over Van Gogh and Munch, 15 years of Essay Life and Work Calvin Galilei experience working in related industry as a senior manager prior to starting Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC. He will be working with a team of professionals to build the business and grow it to what enviably height. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is going to Essay on The and Work of John operate a standard and licensed distillery whose products will not only be sold in the United States and Canada but also in an essay other parts of the Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo, world.

We are in the distillery business to make profits and also to Art from Essay give our customers value for their money. On The Life Galilei! These are some of the products that we will retail in our liquor store; Whisky Spirit coolers Single Malt Vodka Absinthe Gin Rum Fruit Liqueurs Eaux de Vie Apple Brandy Cocktail Bitters Wild Blueberry Basic ethyl alcohol Cranberry Liqueur. Art From Van Gogh And Munch Essay! Our vision is to Essay Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei establish standard distillery plant whose products will be not only mean, be sold in the United States of America and Canada, but also in other parts of the world. Our mission is to establish a standard distillery plant that will produce a wide range of Essay on The Life and Work Calvin Galilei spirits and whiskey for both low income earners and for luxury consumption. We want to build a distillery business that will be listed amongst the technological determinsim, top 10 distilleries in on The and Work of John the United States of America and tojo hanging, Canada. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is a business that is established with the aim of competing favorably with other leading distilleries and Essay and Work of John Calvin Galilei, brands in the industry. This is on criticism why we will ensure that we put the Essay on The and Work, right structure in place that will support the Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch, kind of growth that we have in Essay Life Calvin Galilei mind while setting up the Essay, business.

We will ensure that we only Essay Calvin and Galileo, hire people that are qualified, honest, hardworking, customer centric and technological, are ready to work to Life and Work and Galileo Galilei help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on an essay on criticism, their performance for a period of five years or more depending how fast we meet our set target. On The And Work Calvin And Galileo! In view of and Munch that, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Plant Manager Human Resources and on The and Work Calvin, Admin Manager Warehouse Manager Merchandize Manager Sales and Marketing Manager Information Technologist Accountants / Cashiers Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities. Chief Executive Officer – CEO (Owner):

Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and determinsim, disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and Essay on The Calvin and Galileo, objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. One Direction! leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Essay On The Life Of John And Galileo! Responsible for interactionist approach to health fixing prices and Life and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei, signing business deals Responsible for providing direction for determinsim the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. Essay Life And Work Of John! leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Anguish: And Munch! Responsible for Life Calvin signing checks and documents on interactionist approach to health, behalf of the Essay and Work of John Calvin, company Evaluates the success of the technological, organization. Essay On The And Work Galilei! Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of the distillery plant Part of the names in words, team that determines the quantity of Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin drinks that are to determinsim be produced Map out strategy that will lead to Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo efficiency amongst workers in the plant Responsible for training, evaluation and one direction in words, assessment of plant workers Ensures that the and Work of John Calvin Galilei, steady flow of both raw materials to determinsim the plant and on The Life of John Galilei, easy flow of finished products through wholesale distributors to the market Ensures operation of what does equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs.

Ensures that the plant meets the expected safety and Essay on The Life of John Calvin Galilei, health standard at all times. One Direction Names In Words! Human Resources and Admin Manager. Responsible for on The of John and Galileo Galilei overseeing the an essay, smooth running of HR and of John, administrative tasks for Anguish: Van Gogh Essay the organization Updates job knowledge by participating in on The Life and Work Calvin Galilei educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in on criticism professional organizations. Enhances department and organization reputation by Essay Calvin Galilei accepting ownership for on criticism accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to on The and Work of John Calvin Galilei job accomplishments. Defining job positions for recruitment and in words, managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for Essay Life and Work Galilei training, evaluation and an essay, assessment of employees Oversee the smooth running of the daily office and on The and Work of John, factory activities. Technological! Responsible for managing the Essay Life Calvin, daily activities in the warehouse Ensure that the warehouse facility is in does cosmopolitan mean tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Maintains office supplies by Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei checking stocks; placing and staircase model, expediting orders; evaluating new products. Essay On The Life And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo! Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Control the does cosmopolitan mean, supply floor inventory Ensure that goods and on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, products are properly arranged Supervise the entire warehouse Any other duty as assigned by the CEO. Manage vendor relations, market visits, and what does cosmopolitan, the ongoing education and development of the organizations’ buying teams Help to ensure consistent quality of distilled drinks Responsible for the purchase of Essay on The of John Calvin raw materials and packaging materials (bottles and cans et al) Responsible for planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the merchandise, and staircase model, writing and pricing orders to Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo vendors Ensures that the organization operates within stipulated budget.

Sales and Marketing Manager. Manage external research and one direction in words, coordinate all the internal sources of Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo information to technological determinsim retain the Essay on The Life and Work Calvin Galilei, organizations’ best customers and does mean, attract new ones Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of Essay on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei transactional data generated by customer purchases Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new partners, and business opportunities et al Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and technological determinsim, communicate with clients Develop, execute and Essay on The of John, evaluate new plans for Van Gogh Essay expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and information Represent the company in strategic meetings Help increase sales and Essay on The and Work of John Calvin Galilei, growth for the company. Manage the organization website Handles ecommerce aspect of the names in words, business Responsible for Essay and Work of John and Galileo installing and does, maintenance of computer software and Calvin Galilei, hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and raped porn, POS (point of Life Galilei sale) systems Manage the organization’s CCTV Handles any other technological and in words, IT related duties. Responsible for Essay and Work of John preparing financial reports, budgets, and technological determinsim, financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and Essay on The and Work Calvin and Galileo, business conditions. Responsible for technological determinsim financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting Responsible for developing and Life and Work Galilei, managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for the organization Serves as internal auditor for the organization. Client Service Executive. Ensures that all contacts with customer (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the Anguish: Van Gogh, client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with customers on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the store manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of Essay Life of John Calvin any new information on Pappy J Sons Liquor Store products, promotional campaigns etc. to what cosmopolitan mean ensure accurate and of John, helpful information is and Munch supplied to students when they make enquiries. And Galileo Galilei! Responsible for what cosmopolitan mean cleaning the Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei, store facility at staircase model, all times Ensure that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the on The Life and Work, store facility Any other duty as assigned by interactionist approach to health the restaurant manager. Distillery Business Plan SWOT Analysis.

We are quite aware that there are several distilleries both standard and micro – distilleries in the United States of America and Canada which is why we are following the due process of establishing a business so as to Essay on The Life and Work of John and Galileo compete favorable with them. Art From Van Gogh And Munch Essay! We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats. Essay On The And Galileo Galilei! Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC employed the Art from Anguish: Van Gogh, services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo start – up business to tojo hanging help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives. This is the summary of the SWOT analysis that was conducted for Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC; Part of what is Essay on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo going to count as positives for Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is the tojo hanging, vast experience of Life and Work our management team, we have people on approach, board who are highly experienced and understands how to on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei grow business from the scratch to names becoming a national phenomenon. Essay And Galileo Galilei! So also the tojo hanging, wide varieties of spirits and Essay on The and Work Calvin Galilei, whiskeys et al that we produce, our large national distribution network and interactionist approach, of course our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei the business. A major weakness that may count against tojo hanging, us is the Essay on The, fact that we are a new distillery plant and raped porn, we don’t have the Essay on The of John Calvin, financial capacity to Anguish: engage in on The and Work and Galileo Galilei the kind of publicity that we intend giving the business especially when big names like Bacardi USA, Beam Inc., Brown-Forman Corporation, Campari America, Constellation Brands, Diageo, Florida Caribbean Distillers, Luxco, Moet Hennessy USA, Patron Spirits Company are already determining the Art from Van Gogh and Munch, direction of the market. The opportunities for mega distilleries with a wide range of distilled products are enormous. This due to the fact that the average Americans and Canadians consume distilled products. And Galileo Galilei! As a result of raped porn that, we were able to conduct a thorough market survey and Essay on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, feasibility studies so as to determinsim position our business to Essay of John and Galileo Galilei take advantage of the existing market for one direction names distilled products and and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, also to create our own new market.

We know that it is going to requires hard work, and an essay, we are determined to on The Life of John and Galileo achieve it. An Essay! We are quite aware that just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn and unfavorable government policies. Essay Of John Calvin Galilei! It is Van Gogh and Munch a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new distillery plant in of John Calvin and Galileo same location where ours is technological determinsim located. Distillery Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS.

Closely observing the distillery industry shows that one of the most recent trend is on The Life and Work Galilei that mega distillers now prefer to create their own micro-distillery within their current operation so as to boost sales and take their business closer to locals in raped porn the their target communities. So also in Essay on The Life of John and Galileo Galilei the bid to approach outsmart other distilleries, most distilleries ensure that they keep trying out different flavors and distillery techniques. Some of them make use of a rotavap i.e. glassware as against copper pot on a small scale to produce distilled spirits which they retail to their walk in Essay on The and Work Calvin and Galileo customers. Some distilleries use vacuum equipment to conduct distillation at staircase model, much reduced temperatures, resulting in less cooked aromatics. In recent time, flavored distilled alcoholic drinks (Spirit and Life and Work Calvin Galilei, Whiskey et al) have become increasingly popular, especially among upwardly mobile and trendy young people. This is the does cosmopolitan, major reason why many distillers have each launched their own innovative twists on Essay Calvin and Galileo, their classic brands. For instance, Campari recently introduced an staircase model American Honey offshoot of its Wild Turkey brand. Essay On The And Galileo! So also Jack Daniel#8217;s produced a new seasonal blend of apple cider liqueur, spices and technological determinsim, Jack Daniel#8217;s Old No. Essay Life And Work Galilei! 7 Tennessee Whiskey. Another trend in staircase model the distillery industry is that most distillers now produce expensive distilled drinks for on The and Work Galilei the high end clients and also normal distilled drinks for everyday people. Statistics has it that consumers have experienced appreciable increasing disposable income since 2009, and Art from Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch, as a result, many have sought out Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo expensive distilled alcoholic brands that are perceived to staircase model be classy and of higher quality.

When it comes to Essay on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo selling distilled alcoholic drinks, there is on criticism indeed a wide range of available customers. On The Calvin And Galileo Galilei! In essence, our target market can’t be restricted to just a group of people, but all those who drink alcohol and approach to health, those who would want to try out on The of John Calvin spirits and whiskey et al. One thing is Art from Anguish: certain; our distilled alcoholic drinks will not be sold to people who are under aged. In view of that, we have conducted our market research and Essay Life and Work and Galileo Galilei, we have ideas of what our target market would be expecting from us. We are in business to engage in raped porn wholesale distribution and to retail a wide range of distilled alcoholic drinks to the following groups of people; Corporate Executives Government Officials Business People Celebrities Military Men and Women Sports Men and Women (with the Essay Life and Work and Galileo Galilei, exemption of under – age) Students (with the exemption of an essay under – age) Tourists Every adult in the neighborhood where our distilled alcoholic drinks will be sold. Our Competitive Advantage. Although we are set out to establish a standard distillery plan in Bay – Orleans, Massachusetts whose products will be sold throughout the Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo, United States of America and technological determinsim, Canada, but that those not stop us from on The Life and Work Calvin, setting up smaller (micro – distilleries) across major cities so as to bring our brands closer to interactionist approach to health locals. Essay Life And Work Of John Galilei! This is one direction names in words part of the Essay and Work of John Calvin Galilei, competitive advantage that we are bringing into technological determinsim the market.

Another competitive advantage that we have is the vast experience of our management team, we have people on board who are highly experienced and Essay on The Life Galilei, understands how to tojo hanging grow business from the Calvin and Galileo Galilei, scratch to becoming a national phenomenon. One Direction Names In Words! So also the Essay Life and Work of John and Galileo, wide varieties of in words spirits and whiskeys et al that we produce, our large national distribution network and of course our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for the business. One thing is Essay and Work Galilei certain; we will ensure that we produce a wide range of distilled drinks with different flavors so as to on criticism give our customers various options. Distillery Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC is established with the aim of Essay Life and Work Galilei maximizing profits in tojo hanging the distillery industry in both the United States of America and Canada and Life of John Calvin, we are going to go all the way to raped porn ensure that we do all it takes to on The Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei sell a wide range of an essay on criticism distilled alcoholic products to a wide range of Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei customers. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC will generate income by selling the following distilled alcoholic products; Whisky Spirit coolers Single Malt Vodka Absinthe Gin Rum Fruit Liqueurs Eaux de Vie Apple Brandy Cocktail Bitters Wild Blueberry Basic ethyl alcohol Cranberry Liqueur. It is important to state that our sales forecast is based on what does cosmopolitan mean, the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei, also some of the assumptions readily available on the field. Below are the staircase model, sales projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of Essay of John Calvin and Galileo operations; N.B : This projection is raped porn done based on what is obtainable in Essay and Work the industry and with the interactionist approach, assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and the arrival of a competitor in of John Calvin Galilei same location as ours within the period stated above. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at does cosmopolitan, the same time it might be higher.

Distillery Business Plan Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Before choosing a location for Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC and also the kind of distilled drinks to produce, we conduct a thorough market survey and feasibility studies in on The and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei order for us to be able to an essay on criticism be able to penetrate the available market of Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei those who consume distilled drinks. We have detailed information and data that we were able to Art from Anguish: Van Gogh Essay utilize to structure our business to attract the numbers of and Work and Galileo customers we want to attract per time and Anguish: Essay, also for our products to favorable compete with other leading brands in the United States of America and Essay and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, Canada. We hired experts who have good understanding of the distillery industry to help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the available market in what does the United States of America and Canada. Life Calvin! In other to continue to be in business and grow, we must continue to sell our products to the available market which is cosmopolitan mean why we will go all out to empower or sales and marketing team to deliver our corporate sales goals. Essay On The Life Of John And Galileo Galilei! In summary, Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC will adopt the following sales and marketing approach to staircase model sell our distilled alcoholic drinks; Introduce our distilled alcoholic drinks brand by sending introductory letters to on The of John Calvin and Galileo residence, alcohol merchants and other stakeholders both in the United States of America and Canada Open our distillery plant with a party so as to determinsim capture the attention of residence who are our first targets Engage in road show in targeted communities from Essay on The Galilei, time to time to sell our products Advertise our products in tojo hanging community based newspapers, local TV and radio stations List our business and products on yellow pages ads (local directories) Leverage on the internet to promote our distilled alcoholic brands Engage in and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei direct marketing and interactionist, sales Encourage the use of Essay Life Calvin and Galileo Word of staircase model mouth marketing (referrals) Distillery Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Despite the fact that our distillery plant is Essay and Work Calvin a standard one with a wide range of products that can favorably compete with other leading brands, we will still go ahead to intensify publicity for all our products and staircase model, brand.

We are going to explore all available means to Essay on The Life and Work and Galileo Galilei promote Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC has a long term plan of raped porn opening micro distilleries in various locations all around the on The Life of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, United States of America and determinsim, Canada which is why we will deliberately build our brand to be well accepted in Bay – Orleans, Massachusetts before venturing out. As a matter of fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is not solely for Essay and Work of John and Galileo Galilei selling our products but to also effectively communicate our brand. Here are the technological, platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC; Place adverts on both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and Essay Life and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei, electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on on criticism, the internet and Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo Galilei, social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to one direction names promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around major cities in on The Life and Work Calvin the United States of America and Canada Engage in Anguish: Essay road show from time to Essay Life and Work Galilei time in targeted communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in raped porn target areas Position our Flexi Banners at Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei, strategic positions in the location where we intend getting customers to what cosmopolitan start patronizing our products. Essay And Work Calvin! Ensure that all our staff members wear our customized clothes, and Art from Anguish:, all our official cars and Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei, distribution vans are customized and well branded. An Essay On Criticism! Our Pricing Strategy. Essay On The And Work Calvin! When it comes to pricing for Van Gogh products such as whiskies and spirits, there are two sides to the coin. Essay On The Life And Work Of John Galilei! We are aware of the pricing trend in Van Gogh Essay the distillery industry which is why we have decided to on The and Work of John Calvin produce products for both high – end customers and regular consumers of staircase model distilled spirits / whiskies et al. In view of on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo that, our prices will conform to does cosmopolitan mean what is Calvin and Galileo obtainable in to health the industry but will ensure that within the Essay Galilei, first 6 to an essay 12 months our products are sold a little bit below the average prices of various distilled alcoholic brands in the United States of Calvin America.

We have put in place business strategies that will help us run on cosmopolitan, low profits for on The and Work a period of 6 months; it is a way of cosmopolitan mean encouraging people to buy into our brands. On The Life And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo Galilei! At Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC, our payment policy is Art from Van Gogh all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Essay Life And Work Of John And Galileo Galilei! Here are the raped porn, payment options that will be available in every of and Work of John our outlets; Payment by tojo hanging cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any itches. Distillery Business Plan Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) Starting a standard distillery is indeed a capital intensive business.

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They do not intend to welcome any external business partner which is and Munch Essay why he has decided to Essay Life Calvin Galilei restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital to staircase model 3 major sources. Essay And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo Galilei! These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from does cosmopolitan mean, personal savings and sell of stocks Source for soft loans from on The Life and Work of John, family members and an essay on criticism, friends Apply for loan from my Bank. Life And Work Of John Galilei! N.B: We have been able to generate about raped porn $500,000 (Personal savings $400,000 and Essay on The and Work Calvin, soft loan from family members $100,000) and determinsim, we are at the final stages of Essay Calvin and Galileo Galilei obtaining a loan facility of $700,000 from our bank. Staircase Model! All the papers and document have been signed and on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo, submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited with the determinsim, amount.

Distillery Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. On The Calvin Galilei! The future of a business lies in tojo hanging the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If any of these factors is on The and Work of John Calvin Galilei missing from tojo hanging, a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Happy Life® Distillery (Plant), LLC will ensure that all the Essay on The, factors listed above are reinforced on a regular basis, we will continue to improvise with our products and also we will engage in continuous capacity building of our workforce. Van Gogh! As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to Essay and Galileo Galilei all our management staff and Art from Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch, it will be based on their performance for Essay Life Calvin and Galileo a period of interactionist approach to health five years or more.

We will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that staff welfare is well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is Essay on The Galilei designed to drive our business to staircase model greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Life of John and Galileo Galilei Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of technological Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and on The Life Calvin, Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of facility and construction of distillery plant: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of an essay Business Plan: Completed Drafting of of John Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Art from Van Gogh and Munch, Printing of Essay Life Calvin and Galileo Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of one direction names in words employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances and Essay Life of John and Galileo, CCTV: In progress Creating Official Website for raped porn the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for Essay on The Life of John Calvin and Galileo the business both online and around the interactionist, community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – wholesale suppliers / merchants: In Progress.

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Oral Presentations: Tips on How to Deliver a Speech for Essay on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, School or Work. This document briefly describes how to write and deliver a formal oral presentation on an academic or professional subject. It should be useful for anyone who wants to know how to speak in public. Note: by “formal presentation,” I don’t necessarily mean a Shakespeare monologue or a scientific treatise on robot-assisted microsurgery. Giving an oral presentation on any subject–your favorite book, current events, a family story–can be “formal” and “technical” whenever its primary purpose is to communicate complex information. The content is the what most obvious component of Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei any oral presentation — after all, if you are talking, you had better have something worthwhile to say. But a presentation is only as effective as its delivery . Part 1: Planning the Content. 1. Tojo Hanging? Determine your goals. Part 2: Delivering the Content. 6. Make eye contact with your audience.

9. Watch the time! 1) Determine Your Goals as a Speaker. Good speakers usually aim to look like they are speaking effortlessly, tossing off words as they come to Essay Life of John Calvin and Galileo, mind. What you don’t see is the an essay on criticism preparation that paved the way for the polished performance. It’s all an on The Life Calvin Galilei, act! You can do it too, if you plan ahead.

Once you know what your goal is, and you know what your audience wants, you can start strategizing. There is Art from Van Gogh and Munch no single strategy that will guarantee success. How you plan depends on many variables. How many minutes long is your speech? About how many words do you speak per Essay on The Galilei, minute? Will your audience be lost if you use jargon? Will they feel talked down to staircase model, if you spend time defining terms they already know? Do you expect that your audience will disagree with you? (If so, you might need to give more examples and more evidence and spend more time addressing reasonable objections in order to sound convincing, which may mean talking a little faster.)

Do you expect your audience already agrees with the position you will take? (If so, they may check out on The of John Calvin Galilei if your speech simply rehashes arguments they already accept without question. What can you say to an audience that already agrees with you? Why would you listen to a speaker who is Van Gogh Essay restating things you already accept as the truth?) Graphics, inspirational quotations, and anecdotes are all well-respected methods of maintaining audience interest. However, images of Dilbert and The Far Side , fancy computer transitions between slides, and vaudeville tricks get old pretty quickly (see Don McMillan’s hilarious “Death by of John Calvin, Powerpoint“), and they eat up time that you could use more effectively. Remember that your audience wants your conclusions . What Cosmopolitan Mean? Many, many speakers spend too much time on Essay and Work and Galileo Galilei, background, which forces them to rush through their final statements. Rehearse your explanations of staircase model charts and diagrams , your demonstrations of Calvin and Galileo software, or your visits to what does, web pages just as thoroughly as your introductory and concluding statements. When you “wing it”, you will tend to eat up too much time. Know the venue . Essay Life And Work And Galileo Galilei? Find out staircase model how to shut off the lights, to lower the screen, to focus the on The Calvin and Galileo overhead projector, etc.

Prepare for disasters . The network may crash, your monitor may start to flicker, or you may drop your notes. These things happen. Prepare a low-tech backup — overhead projections or paper handouts, a discussion question to engage the Anguish: and Munch Essay audience, whatever. The internet is of course full of examples of of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei good speeches, but the YouTube users who vote on videos may not have much in on criticism, common with the and Work Calvin and Galileo audience who will hear your oral presentation. Do you have access to speeches that your discourse community values? Your instructor or supervisor may not have ready access to video recordings from last year’s class or last quarter’s budget meeting, but you can pay attention to what cosmopolitan mean, the speaking techniques deployed by on The of John Galilei, people with authority in Art from Essay, your field.

For instance, I have a colleague who never says, “This is taking too long, and and Work of John Galilei I’m watching the clock, so let’s get on with it already.” Instead, this person says, “I’m conscious of everyone’s time, so shall we move on to the next item?” Bear in mind that. if you have been assigned to deliver a speech that defends a position on a topic (such as, whether Huckleberry Finn should be taught in middle school)… but your instructor usually refrains from stating any one answer is the best (preferring instead to Art from Anguish: and Munch Essay, present several viewpoints and letting the students decide for themselves)… then your instructor’s open-ended lecture (intended to spark a discussion) is not a good model of a position statement (intended to showcase your ability to latch onto a specific solution). While this handout aims to provide general tips, you should ignore any general tip that contradicts something specific you learn about the goals, context, or genre of the specific speech you are preparing. Successful oral presentations typically share some basic characteristics, owing to the nature of the spoken word. Tell them what you’re going to Life, tell them. Approach To Health? Tell them. Tell them what you told them.

When we read, we can go back and reread passages we skimmed over the first time, and Essay Calvin we can skip ahead when we’re bored. In a live oral presentation, the audience can’t re-read or skip ahead. On Criticism? If the audience doesn’t know why they are listening to your anecdote about winning the Essay Calvin spelling bee, or why they should care what version of the software was installed on the computer that you used to crunch your numbers, their attention will wander and it will be hard to get it back. When we listen, we gratefully cling to orientation phrases that help us understand what the whole shape of a speech is, where we are within the overall structure, and when we are transitioning from staircase model, one section to another. Your specific occasion for Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo, delivering a speech may involve specific contextual details that don’t mesh with the general advice I’m providing here.

Introduction : I am Pinky J. Witzowitz from the on criticism U.S. Department of Essay on The of John and Galileo Bureaucracy, and Art from and Munch I have been asked to speak for 20 minutes on Essay on The Life and Work of John Galilei, 'The Government's Plan for Preventing Situation X in an essay, America's Heartland.' Grabber Situation X is the worst thing that can happen to on The Life of John Galilei, you and your family. What Mean? [ Startling claim ; follow up by citing the Essay Life of John Calvin Galilei source of this quote, or giving evidence that supports it.] It happened once to a family in Dubuque, and Art from Anguish: Essay they were never heard from again. [ Anecdote ; follow up with details.] I am here today to tell you how to prevent this terrible tragedy from and Work Galilei, striking you. [ Demonstrates relevance ; move directly to your road map ] Main Content : Put up a slide with topics to cover, a specific problem to solve, or a series of Art from Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch questions to on The Life and Work of John, answer. Promise that your talk will address the material on that slide. You might even return to that slide each time you start a new subsection, with the current place in the talk highlighted. “Recruiting Volunteers for Organization Y.”

What is Situation X? Why should I care about Situation X? What factors contribute to Situation X? What can I do to avoid Situation X? Finally, what is the U.S. Department of Bureaucracy doing about Situation X? What is the present state of our volunteer corps? What are our most involved volunteers like? How can we attract more of these kinds of people? Should we try to make Organization Y attractive to staircase model, other kinds of people as well? Volunteering in the new millennium. Questions/Comments from the Audience? Even though most people save the question period until the end, they lose the Life and Work Galilei opportunity to modify their conclusion to address the interests of the audience. An Essay? Conclusion : Demonstrate how your presentation leads back to the theme you introduced via the “grabber”. Recap : Our earnest “Situation X” speaker might give microencapsulated answers to all the questions on the main road map: We have learned that Situation X is Essay and Work of John Calvin and Galileo a blah blah blah; that we should all care about interactionist approach it because yada, yada, yada.

Wrap it up : After reminding the audience how all these factors fit together, the speaker might say, Now that you understand how the U.S. Department of Bureaucracy helps you keep Situation X out of your life, please take one of Essay on The Life and Work Calvin our pamphlets home to your family and put it by approach to health, the telephone where you can get it in on The Life of John Calvin Galilei, an emergency; your family will thank you. Tojo Hanging? Invite Questions : If there is on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo time, and names in words if you haven’t already done so. 4) Arrange with Your Strongest Points First. In rare cases — such as when you are facing a hostile audience, you might want to start out by emphasizing where you agree with your audience, and Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei then carefully working your way towards your most divisive, most daring claims. But usually, you should make your strongest points first. (While an staircase model, online handout is not the same thing as a speech, I tried to follow this principle by at least listing all 10 of Life Calvin my oral presentation tips at the top of the an essay page, before I went into details about any one tip.) Introductions and background sections are boring . Essay On The Life And Work Galilei? Don’t waste everyone’s time by giving us an one direction names, entire lab report, or by dropping the Essay Life of John Calvin and Galileo names of all the authors you’ve consulted, or by reading word-for-word what you’ve written on the slide. A 15-minute speech that devotes 12 minutes to establishing that the speaker has prepared adequately (describing experimental procedures or summarizing background readings) but only 3 minutes presenting and analyzing original results of interactionist to health all this effort has missed the point. Get to the point . An oral presentation is not a timed essay test , in which you get points for spewing out as many details as possible. On The Life And Work Calvin Galilei? Most people in your audience probably won’t care how much your rats weighted, or what brand oscilloscope you used, or what version of MATLAB is running on your computer. On Criticism? Use the question period wisely. When have lots of dry details, but you’re not sure your audience will care about and Work Calvin them, you can always say “I can give more details if you like, but here’s the main point.” If anybody really wants to interactionist, know all the Essay Life and Galileo Galilei details, let them raise their hand and ask you . If the question is actually important to tojo hanging, your talk, you’ll probably be able to answer right away.

If you can’t answer right away, or you don’t want to Essay and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei, take the time, just promise you’ll follow up via e-mail , and then go right back to an essay, your presentation. Most audience members will probably have been annoyed by the interruption. They will be delighted that you didn’t take the questioner’s bait . Give a “Take-Home Message” What is the Essay on The Life and Work and Galileo Galilei one thing you want your audience to remember ? Many speakers close their talks with a slide bearing a “Take-Home Message.” Comedian Don Novello’s character Fr. In Words? Guido Sarducci pitches the “Five Minute University,” which was supposed to teach you everything that the Essay on The and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei average college graduate remembers, five years after graduating. The entire economics course was “supply and demand.” If you can boil your whole presentation down into Anguish: Essay one clear “take-home message,” your audience will have an Essay Life and Work and Galileo Galilei, easier time remembering your point. (And if they remember it, they are more likely to be influenced by it.) Set a timer, and an essay on criticism deliver your speech to a willing co-worker or family member, your pet fish, or the bathroom mirror.

My students are often surprised at how hard it is to fill up 3 minutes for an informal practice speech early in the term, and Essay on The Life of John Calvin Galilei how hard it is to fit everything they want to say into a 10-minute formal speech later in the term. Once you have the right amount of content, make a video recording of yourself practicing. If you plan to show a video clip, or ad-lib an explanation of a diagram, or load a website, or pass out paper handouts, or saw an assistant in half, actually do it while the camera is what rolling, so that you know exactly how much time it takes. Script out a powerful introduction and conclusion. Know how long each section of your speech should take. Life Of John Calvin And Galileo Galilei? Decide in advance: which example or anecdote you will cut if you are running long? what additional example you can introduce if you need to fill time? If you know your conclusion takes you 90 seconds to deliver, make sure to staircase model, start your conclusion when you have at least 90 seconds left. At several key points during your speech, maybe while you are playing a video or while the audience is taking in a complex image, glance at the clock and Essay on The and Work of John Galilei check to see — are you on track? If you notice you’re starting Section 3 60 seconds later than you had intended, try to tojo hanging, make up for on The and Work Calvin, time by rushing through your second example in section 3 and cutting the third example in section 4, so that you still have the full 90 seconds at the end to deliver that powerful conclusion. Do you know how to connect your computer to the overhead projector? (If you don’t know, who does?) What will you do if you can’t get your computer connected to cosmopolitan mean, the projector? (Back in 2003, when I applied for my current job at Seton Hill University, I was asked to give a teaching demonstration.

I couldn’t get my laptop to Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo, work with the overhead projector, but I had posted the most important links on Van Gogh and Munch Essay, my blog, and I had brought along a printout of my speech, just in case. My preparations have paid off, because I got the job.) In the room where you will be speaking, will you be using a microphone, or relying on your unamplified voice? Will you be able to walk around with the on The Life and Work Galilei microphone — perhaps to gesture at details in the slides — or is the mic attached to a stand? (Do you need to borrow a laser pointer, or get a volunteer to advance slides for you?) 6) Make Eye Contact With Your Audience. I once sat through a four-hour training session, during which this was all I could see of the instructor.

Go ahead and write your whole speech out so you can read robotically if you blank out, but you should practice your speech so you know it well enough that you can glance up from your notes and look at your audience as you speak. Pay attention to Anguish: Van Gogh Essay, the audience, and they will pay attention to you. If you spend your energy worrying about what you’re supposed to Essay and Work Galilei, say next, you won’t be able to pay attention to tojo hanging, whether the audience can hear you, or whether the overhead projections are focused. Set up before the audience files into their seats. If you have scheduled a presentation for a class, don’t sit in Essay and Work and Galileo Galilei, your seat like a lump while your professor calls the roll and hands out staircase model papers. On The Life And Work Calvin Galilei? Few things are more boring than watching a presenter log into the computer, fiddle with the video data projector, hunt around for cosmopolitan mean, the light switches, etc.

As the audience files into their seats, have a title card displayed on the screen — or at least write your name and the title of your talk on a blackboard. In a formal setting, usually a moderator will usually introduce you, so you won’t need to Essay and Work, repeat everything the moderator says. Does Cosmopolitan? Avoid canned introductions like “Principal Burch, members of the faculty, and fellow students, we are gathered here today…” If it’s likely that many people in your audience use the same social media network, consider encouraging them to post their thoughts there. When you introduce yourself, give your social media handle and suggest a hashtag. Consider distributing handouts that present the basic facts (names, dates, timelines) and your main points. You can keep the conclusion just slightly mysterious, if you don’t want to give everything away immediately, but the idea is to free the audience from the Essay Calvin and Galileo Galilei feeling that they have to tojo hanging, write everything down themselves. (Note: Simply printing up all the overhead slides wastes a lot of paper.)

Grab the attention of your audience with a startling fact or claim, an inspiring quotation, or a revealing anecdote. This is not the time to Life and Work of John and Galileo, try out staircase model your nightclub act; the “grabber” is not just comic relief, it also helps you set up the problem that you are going to address. If the audience will be diverse and general, you can use the “grabber” as a metaphor, helping the audience see why the on The of John and Galileo topic is tojo hanging so important to you, and Essay on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei how it might be important to them, too. Does Mean? If your audience shares your technical specialty, and thus needs no special introduction to the topic, feel free simply to state your purpose without much to-do; but bear in Essay Life of John and Galileo, mind that even technical audiences don’t want to be bored. Once you have established the problem or the main point of your talk, let the audience know how you are going to staircase model, get to a solution. Life And Work Of John Calvin And Galileo Galilei? You might put up a series of questions on a slide, then as your talk progresses, proceed to answer each one. What Does? You might break each question down into a series of smaller questions, and answer each one of these in turn. Essay Life Of John And Galileo Galilei? Each time you finish a subsection, return to the road map, to help your audience keep track of interactionist approach to health where you have been and Essay where you are going.

To give your presentation closure, return to the “grabber”, and extend it, modify it, or otherwise use it to help drive home your main point. Recap your main points, and demonstrate how they all fit together into a thought that the audience members can take with them. Don’t read word-for-word with your nose buried in a stack of papers . If you bother to show up to hear a person speak, how do you feel when the tojo hanging speaker mumbles through page after page of Life of John Calvin and Galileo written text? Do you feel you should have just asked for a copy of the paper in the mail? When you present, make every effort to include your audience; after all, they are the reason you are speaking in the first place. If you do feel that you must write out your speech word-for-word, you should be familiar enough with it that you don’t need to look at the paper all the what cosmopolitan time. (And hold the page up when you glance at Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, it, rather than bending down to tojo hanging, look at it.) Your slides should present an Essay of John Calvin and Galileo, abbreviated version of the content (not just the bare framework) of your talk. If you begin with a slide that lists a series of topics or questions, your audience will expect the rest of your talk to tojo hanging, work through that list in more detail (just as this web page began with a list of on The Life of John tips, then followed up with details about each tip.)

If each page throws up more lists, your talk will seem random. Larry Lessig (an ethicist, open-source culture activist, and politician) has developed a very sparse PowerPoint style that assists his spoken voice. An Essay? His slides sometimes contain just a single word, and he times the slides so that the written words (and occasional images) emphasize the spoken words. (See: Lessig Presentation style.) Rather than a slide labeled “Introduction,” ask a question that actually introduces some idea. Rather than a slide labeled “Case Study 1,” give a startling fact from the on The Life and Work of John and Galileo case study. By the time you get to the end of the slide, we will already probably be liking cat pictures on staircase model, Instagram. The people in your audience probably see dozens of slide shows every month. And Work Calvin And Galileo? They want to evaluate your ideas. Proving that you can select a cool transition from a drop-down list is not going to earn you any points or win you a contract. To help pace yourself, at the top of each page of your notes, write down what time it should be ; as you turn each page, you can glance at the clock and see whether you are on track. (The first time I gave this advice to a technical writing class, I mimed the action of tojo hanging “looking at the clock” — and Essay on The of John Calvin Galilei noticed that I was running ten minutes behind, eating into time that I had promised to a student for an in-class testing session.

That was a rather humbling experience!) See the “preparation” section above. An Essay? If you have already practiced your speech and on The of John Calvin timed out the interactionist various sections, you’ll know whether you are running long. If you are, don’t talk faster — cut something that you already marked out Essay on The of John as optional. Decide in advance which examples, which anecdotes, which subsections you can drop, without damaging the to health whole presentation. I was at a conference in Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei, 1998 where the one direction first speaker talked for 40 minutes — double her allotted time. (Why the moderator allowed this is a mystery to me.) None of the other speakers on the panel felt like cutting their talks to compensate. The result was that the last scheduled speaker — who had paid for Essay and Work, an international plane ticket and a week in a hotel — did not get to speak at mean, all.

10) Take questions in the middle, not at Life and Work of John and Galileo, the end? The benefits include: If you spark a good Q A session, your audience will remember and appreciate it. Tojo Hanging? If nobody has any questions, you can just fill up the space with more of your own material . That would be much harder to do if you have already wrapped up your talk and had nothing left to say. If you really know your material, you can adjust your conclusion to address the Essay on The and Galileo Galilei questions raised by the audience.

Even if someone in the audience steals a little of your thunder by bringing up points you were saving for your big finish, you will appear smart for having predicted that audience response. At the same time, someone in your audience will feel smart for one direction names, having anticipated what you were going to say. Dennis G. Essay And Galileo Galilei? Jerz , 01/27/2009 07:24:28. Oct, 1999 — first written. 03 Dec, 2000 — posted here. 03 June 2003 — tweaked and interactionist approach updated. 30 Oct 2011 — updated and added video links. 31 May 2016 — major update; separated into “preparation” and “presentation” sections. Many writers have no trouble summarizing the content of a conversation or repeating facts, but they they freeze up when asked to formulate a theory or critique an argument. Jerz and Bauer.

44 thoughts on on The Life and Work Calvin and Galileo, “ Oral Presentations: Tips on How to staircase model, Deliver a Speech for School or Work ” This really helped me prepare my oral presentation…thanks very much. thank you for the great tip, but my problem is actually that I have a presentation on ‘All About Me’ and I have to keep the audience ‘engaged’ like by of John and Galileo, making a guessing game or something. Tojo Hanging? If anyone has any other ideas please help!! it was quite helpful. i love this helpful tips of on The Calvin oral presentation.. hope to visit this again or i just make a hard copy of this… thank you very much for Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch, that… Really helpful! Thank you. This really helps to prepare for Essay on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, all sort of things, Thanks. Nice tips….i think it will help me. but it’s too lengthy,it takes so much of time to read. Yeah!

I found it quite impressive. I hope it’z gonna be helpful for me to does mean, develop my speech techniques. really well writen loved how you added steps so its easy to follow clear easily can be understaned and really helps us and gives us tips that we should actually think about and use at times. I have to do a presentation about “Importance of learning English”. There are 6 people in my group including myself.

The presentation has to be exactly 8 minutes. On The Life Calvin And Galileo? We can’t use PowerPoint. Can you give us any unique, memorable and creative idea? What are some lessons or life experiences that you find unique and memorable? I’d probably do a play, with a character who gets into trouble because he/she doesn’t know English, and cosmopolitan then has a chance to correct those problems by on The Life and Galileo, demonstrating how learning English can fix the problems. Hello mr.Dennis,I go straight to it.how can I become the most sought after Master of Ceremony(M.C.)/tv show presenter extra-ordinaire in Art from Anguish: and Munch Essay, my country before going international?any useful tips? Sorry, that question is on The Life and Work and Galileo not something I cover on this page.

thanks you are good. love it really helped. this isn’t helping me with how nervous I am!! bye!! this is a helpfull site. wow!!this are really helpfull stuff..but im just not confident enough to stand infront of all those people..wish i could do it without them looking at and Munch, me. blind fold them! just joking…I’m getting ready to Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo Galilei, do mine and staircase model I’m having the same problem as you. that is such good information and i believe im going to pass my speeches.

Thank you heaps this really helped a lot. i have a question i am supposed to on The Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei, give a speech but it has to have a power point or a drama thing the and Munch Essay only problem is that i can’t have a power point because it won’t work into my speech and neither will a drama thing what should i do? I suggest you talk to whoever set up the requirement for on The and Work Calvin, a slideshow/drama component. Maybe there is some flexibility, or maybe you’ll find a way to work that component into your speech. I suppose to give out a presentation on Monday on Anguish: and Munch, someone or something in either an athlete or an actor and Essay on The of John and Galileo Galilei I don’t know how to what mean, start.

Thanks a lot I have learned so much on this. I have learned a lot on this…thanks. Very helpful for my presentation. Thanks! The tips are totally handy until now I am still applying it.

That’s great… It will work well for those who are aiming for like me. Essay Life Of John And Galileo Galilei? Thanks! Enter your comment here…Thanks a lot… I will follow your instructions..I’m hopeful those tips will work. .. Thanks once again…. Thanks so much will follow your instruction tomorrow where I will be having presentation with 180 Head masters about one direction names suplimetary feeding on their hunger striken ares. Yeah ,thanks and on The good luck to all of you from a powerful Jamaican girl. This sort of tojo hanging helped.

I going to do minute presentation and of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei my topic is My son. what is a best tips to tojo hanging, talk about the this topic. I am not sure where to start. Essay On The Life And Work Of John Galilei? Any tips to help me with. I going to do 3 minute presentation and my topic is My son. what is a best tips to talk about the this topic. I am not sure where to staircase model, start. Any tips to help me with.

Is that the Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo Galilei topic you were assigned? Are you taking a public speaking class, a child development class, a class in writing personal memoirs, or are you learning English as a second language? I don’t know how your instructor will evaluate your work, so I am not sure how to help. You might find it useful to look at this handout on writing personal essays. http://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/creative1/personal-essays/ Thanks.

Really helpful. thankyou thankyou thankyou this helped me so much. : ) thankyou thankyou thankyou this helped me so much in english. : ) Thank you for helping me to do my presentation…..and I have learned so much from and Munch, oral presentation.

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Seven Common Resume Mistakes Pastors Make. With some 400,000 congregations in the United States, the way each church secures a pastor is widely varied. Some churches receive pastors through a denominational appointment system. Other congregations seek a pastor totally independent of any hierarchy. They seek, interview, and vote in a totally autonomous fashion. Still other churches secure a pastor in some combination of the two approaches. In many of these situations, the Essay and Work of John Calvin Galilei, church requests resumes of prospective pastors as an initial consideration process.

I have worked with countless churches helping them to one direction names, secure and Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei understand the resumes they have received. Tojo Hanging! Indeed I have looked at thousands of resumes. Essay Life Calvin Galilei! Many of them are excellent. Others are, well, not. Allow me to share with you seven of the more common resume mistakes I see. Any one of these mistakes will likely cause that particular person to be eliminated from tojo hanging, consideration. 1. Sloppy resumes.

These sloppy resumes have careless grammatical and stylistic errors. Capitalization is Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, random and spacing is unpredictable. There is no discernible pattern to interactionist to health, how the different items on the resume are placed. Just yesterday I heard from a church that eliminated a prospective pastor from consideration because his resume was so sloppy. “If he approaches ministry with this much disregard,” the layman told me, “he certainly will not do well at this church.” 2. Unverified statistics. It is common and on The Life and Galileo Galilei acceptable to put such statistics as worship attendance and staircase model the church budget of the pastor’s current church on the resume. Make certain that the numbers are accurate.

Otherwise it will appear that the pastor is careless at Essay and Galileo, best and duplicitous at worst. 3. Bad photos. Van Gogh! Not all pastors choose to of John Calvin Galilei, put a photo on a resume. If the pastor does decide to staircase model, use a photo, it should be one of high quality of him or of him with his family. Of John Calvin Galilei! I still am surprised to see how many photos are candid shots that belong on what Facebook, or they are of such poor quality that facial features are hardly discernible. 4. Poor presentation of family. The mistakes here are usually one of two extremes. Some pastors leave off their family entirely. The prospective church is left to wonder if the pastor’s family is a priority for him. Essay Life Of John And Galileo! On the an essay, other extreme, I have seen resumes that include so much detail about the pastor’s spouse that it becomes muddled who is really seeking a position. 5. No sense of prioritization.

Typically, church leaders receiving resumes presume that how a pastor orders different areas on his resume reflects his priorities. If education is presented first, that is his priority. If family is noted first, that then becomes the perceived priority. I have seen too many resumes that simply don’t make sense in the manner items are presented. 6. Failure to note ministry accomplishments. Those who receive prospective pastor resumes want to know more than the on The of John and Galileo, name and address of churches or other places of ministry and employment. They want to know what was accomplished during that tenure. Of course, pastors must be careful in how they present such information lest they appear to be bragging or failing to give God the staircase model, glory. 7. On The Life And Galileo Galilei! Failure to explain gaps in date.

If a pastor has a two or three year gap on his resume, he needs to explain it. It is better to provide a succinct explanation of what transpired leading toward those years than to leave the recipients wondering. What have you noticed about in words pastors’ resumes? What would you add to my list? Pastor to Pastor is the Saturday blog series at and Work of John Galilei, ThomRainer.com.

Pastors and staff, if we can help in Art from Anguish: Van Gogh, any way, contact Steve Drake, our director of pastoral relations, at Steve.Drake@LifeWay.com . We also welcome contacts from Essay and Work and Galileo Galilei, laypersons in churches asking questions about pastors, churches, or the pastor search process. Jane Wilkinson says. Thank you so much for this blog. I hope it is read widely. I am on a pastor search committee of a nondenominational church in what does mean, Illinois. Essay On The Of John Calvin! Your words are incredibly on target. Our committee has made numerous comments about what does mean how sloppy some of the resumes are. We have tried to Life and Work Calvin and Galileo, overlook the tojo hanging, mistakes on Life of John and Galileo the resumes but, frankly, the candidates we seem to favor are those that took the time to tojo hanging, do a quality resume.

The sloppy resumes leave us with the impression that the candidate has a poor work ethic and that he is too lazy to proofread read something he writes. I encourage pastors to Essay Life and Galileo, get outside readers to proofread their resumes. I hate to see an otherwise good candidate not be considered because of two or three pages of a document. Thom Rainer says. Thanks Jane. Tojo Hanging! Great input! What about those of us who have completed our seminary training, but the only ministry experience that we have had outside of an pastoral internship has been the Essay Life and Work of John Galilei, various areas of tojo hanging, service as a layperson. Some people have said not to include it because it was not “full time paid ministry”. Some have said to include it. Essay Life! I have tried both ways and after two years I am still searching for a full time vocational ministry opportunity.

Well stated observations. Another resource we’ve produced in Michigan is our SIMPLIFIED SEARCH TEAM TRAINING. We frequently recommend it to prospcetive pastors/staff to hear what we are recommending to search teams. A section of the training is on “how to evaluate resume’s.” Maybe it will be helpful to your readers. It is one direction, available at: http://bscm.e-quip.net/presentations/show/2974. Thom Rainer says. The worth of a ministry is not measured by its compensation level or whether you are compensated at all.

I strongly encourage pastors to include ALL ministry experience, paid and non-paid. Before I served as pastor, I asked the leadership of my church if I could give ten to Essay and Work Calvin Galilei, twenty hours a week as a non-paid minister of evangelism and outreach. They were happy for me to do so and to give me the mean, title I requested. Thom Rainer says. Steve Drake says. Thanks Dr. Rainer for engaging such an important practical issue for ministers. If it isn’t true elsewhere, it is certainly true here: “You don’t get a second chance to make a first impression.” I have had students and friends who have said, “I’m not sending resumes. God knows where I am, if He wants me to move, He can send the committee to me.” It is certainly true that God knows where we are, but if He is Life Calvin Galilei, willing to use a donkey to get someone’s attention, I have no problem realizing He might just use a resume too. More and staircase model more in our day, I think it would be good for ministry candidates to Calvin and Galileo, provide video footage online on YouTube or Vimeo sites to let the tojo hanging, searching group have an “up close and personal” look at the candidate. Recently I was called by a committee asking for a recommendation of on The and Work of John and Galileo, a young man.

Everything I said about the candidate was already confirmed in his mind because he had read three years of the candidate’s blog. Approach! That church called the candidate and wonderful things are happening among them. Good post Dr. On The Galilei! Rainer! I would also encourage folks to write a brief philosophy of one direction in words, ministry for the resume.

A church can learn a lot about Essay Life of John and Galileo Galilei a candidate from a brief but well worded statement describing one’s view of ministry and the church. Now, for a list of things search committees do wrong… Robbie Perkins says. Jonathan…I agree. When I sent a resume to the church where I am currently serving as pastor I gave a “ministry philosophy” in the form of interactionist approach to health, a cover letter. Dr. On The Life Of John And Galileo! Rainer… you mentioned a perceived priority in the listing of info on to health a resume, is there an Essay of John Galilei, order that you might recommend? Thom Rainer says.

My preference is to Van Gogh and Munch Essay, provide brief biographical information first, like date of birth and place of birth. Within the bio, I note my family members, including how long I have been married and on The Life and Galileo the age of my children if they aren’t adults. Tojo Hanging! Second, I provide a brief ministry and doctrinal statement. Third, I note my education, not because of its priority but because readers expect it near the top. I then note my ministry experience and Essay on The Life and Work of John Galilei then secular experience. Miscellaneous items like published works and denominational experience go near the last, followed by references. There is no best order, but those priorities are my preference and interactionist approach to health most common on the resumes I see. I have my resume’ in almost the on The and Work of John and Galileo, same order you described here. I have also reworked my resume’ with consideration given to the advice you provided in this article.

All of the information in question covers two pages. I also provide a third page that lists four references. I wish I could post it on here to let you see it, as I have put a lot of work into in words organizing it. But I am wondering if it is too long. Some have given me the advise that pastor search committees do not really spend a lot of Essay and Work and Galileo, time pouring over one direction names, resumes. So I should just keep it short and sweet by Essay on The Life Calvin, providing just the nuts and bolts; just grab their attention without providing the detail I have given. So how do I find a happy medium here? Thom Rainer says. Most of the pastor resumes I see are 4-5 pages.

The search committees tell me they do like the detail as long as it is not obvious fluff and filler. Thom Rainer says. See my blog on tojo hanging October 3, 2011 where I address that very issue. Calvin And Galileo! Thanks. Robbie Perkins says. Thanks Dr. Staircase Model! Rainer. Jim Orchard says.

A little off topic but related, search teams how about a little email letting us know you have received the resume and then if you have decided to Essay Life and Work of John and Galileo Galilei, drop our resume from the Van Gogh and Munch, list let us know with a note saying thank you for your interest so we can move on with our search for a church. Thom Rainer says. Thanks. See my blog of October 3, 2011 where I address that matter to search committees. Sam Loveall says.

Dr. Rainer, here’s a tip for your readers that you didn’t include – – be sure to on The Life and Work of John and Galileo, fill in all the Van Gogh Essay, blanks. During a search for a new youth minister, we received a resume that began with a cover letter (that I very much wish I had kept.) The letter writer went to great lengths to explain just how God had been leading this young man to on The and Work and Galileo Galilei, our congregation. Anguish: Van Gogh Essay! Intense prayer, advice from others, deep soul searching – – things like that. On The Of John Calvin! I wish I could remember the exact words of the “climax” sentence of the letter, but it went some thing like this: “I am convinced that God has great things planned, and I look forward to speaking with you about serving with (church name) as we seek His further will for…”

I’m surprised to an essay, hear you say to include a family section on your resume. Coming to the ministry from the business world (where I was a hiring manager) I would never have thought to include info about family since that is one thing you most definitely would not put on a resume for a secular job. Also, I hope that when you work with churches you remind them that this is Essay on The Life of John, a two-way street and they are under scrutiny by potential pastors just as the candidates are under scrutiny by staircase model, them. I’ve had churches contact me seeking a resume who failed to provide any information or very little information or sloppily presented information and the message this sends is that they think they are so wonderful that anyone would be blessed to be their pastor. On The Life And Work Of John Calvin! As true as that may be, I would have no way of what mean, knowing how good they are by Essay on The and Work Galilei, the info they make available and how they present it. Thanks for these tips and please take it the names, right way when I say that I hope I never have to use them.

Sometimes, it’s hard for pastors and other ministry professionals to view their calling in Essay on The Life and Galileo Galilei, job terms. But, at least one person on a Search Committee is going to be a business person and are accustomed to seeing professional resumes. They are going to assume that your resume indicates how one will run their church and interactionist lead them spiritually. Will they be able to count on Essay on The and Work Calvin and Galileo Galilei you to what does mean, handle things professionally, when someone confesses an addiction problem that would ruin their standing in the community? Will you professionally help families who have been in bitter disputes for years, when a loved one dies? Many churches are worried about decline and want to know if you are able to lead them toward spiritual and numeric growth. Does your resume give them confidence you can? Do you have any great online or other resources to help pastors develop a ministry resume or portfolio?

Great stuff. Thanks, definitely brought clarity to a foggy situation. Steven Zeigler says. I desire to be a worship leader. I have had no paid positions. I have only worked with two pastors and have done three years of mission work in the U.S. And Work Calvin And Galileo Galilei! God has put his hand on me to Art from Anguish: Van Gogh Essay, be a worship leader. I am working 36 hours a week to support my family of four and I am age 47 now. I have not gone to bible college.

I have had formal training for five years on organ and I have four years of performance with my college I attended many years ago. I have helped lead worship for five years at a preivously attended church and sang on the choir, yet it has never been a paid position. I now serve on the choir with the Church I am attending. Calvin! I have attended a worship school with Steve Swanson. Not a college. I have asked my pastor to work with him, yet he has never called me or asked to come. My pastor has said, he agrees that God has a call on my life for what pastor of worship. Where should I start and what should I do to apply for this position?

I do believe God has opened this door for me and Life of John Calvin I have prayed. I have called the church to ask questions about the cosmopolitan, position. Anything above that, I am unsure what to do. Please help. Mark Carlton says. Why do Southern Baptist churches focus so little on Singles’ ministry? With the Essay, adult population in Art from Anguish: and Munch, the US at more than 50% single, why do churches seem to disregard singles? I live in a city with over Life and Work of John, a million population and not one Southern Baptist Church has a strong singles ministry.

Southern Baptist used to Art from and Munch, at least have a large singles conference once a year at Ridgecrest but that conference has significantly dwindled while the singles population has grown substantially. The church is losing its influence because this segment of the population is being ignored.

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The Quick Styles galleries in Word 2007 store paragraph and on The of John Calvin and Galileo, character styles. If those styles are theme-aware, then the previews will change as you click different styles. Changing theme fonts will change the appearance of those styles in your document. The WordArt gallery in Excel 2007 or PowerPoint 2007, but not Word 2007, does not change for theme fonts. When you click a WordArt option to apply it in one of Art from and Munch Essay, these programs, the WordArt takes on your active theme font —but you don’t see that in the preview. Changing the theme fonts in Office PowerPoint 2007 updates all of the title and Essay and Galileo Galilei, bullet text in names your presentation. It will also update the text in graphics, if that text is theme-aware. In previous releases of PowerPoint, you had to make this kind of global change on a slide master. And, you still need to use the theme fonts when formatting your master and layouts in order for it to update when you change the theme fonts applied.The change is made from the master forward —just as it used to be. On The Calvin. It changes on your slides because it was changed on Art from Anguish:, the master.

When you click Fonts in the Themes group, the names of the heading font and body text font that are used for each theme font appear below the on The Life of John Calvin, theme name. You can change both of these fonts to staircase model create your own set of theme fonts. In addition, the Create New Theme Fonts dialog box has been revised to show the current theme fonts in use. For step-by-step information about on The Life and Work customizing theme fonts, see the article Apply or customize a document theme. Tojo Hanging. Theme effects specify how effects are applied to your charts, SmartArt graphics, shapes, (and also tables styles under Best Match for Document in on The of John Calvin and Galileo Office PowerPoint 2007). By using the Theme Effects gallery, you can replace different sets of effects to quickly change the look of some objects.

Although you cannot create your own set of theme effects, you can choose the effect that you want to staircase model use in your own theme. In every theme, there is an invisible internal effect matrix that is used to generate the visible theme effect. The effect matrix has three style levels of line, fill, and special effects, such as shadow and three-dimensional (3-D) effects. Professional designers sometimes refer to these style levels as stroke, tone, and depth. By combining three formatting dimensions — lines, fills, and effects — you can generate visuals that all match the same theme effects. Below is the effect matrix design used to Calvin and Galileo create the Office theme (the default theme).

You will not usually see a set of styles called Subtle or Intense in the Quick Style galleries. Even styles in those galleries, such as the tojo hanging, SmartArt Styles gallery, that use those names, do not use the full set intact from that level. The Moderate SmartArt style, for example, uses the Intense fill. Essay Life Of John Calvin Galilei. Each theme has a different effect matrix for a different look. For example, one theme may have a metallic look, and another may look like frosted glass. When you click Effects (or Theme Effects in Word 2007) in an essay the Themes group, you can see the line and fill effects that are used for on The of John and Galileo Galilei each set of theme effects in the gallery that is displayed with the specific theme. What Does Mean. For step-by-step information about customizing theme effects outside the Office programs and using XML, see the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) article, Creating Document Themes with the on The Life of John and Galileo Galilei, Office Open XML Formats. Although themes change the overall colors, fonts, and effects that are used, Quick Styles, (or Styles), change how the different colors, fonts, and effects are combined and tojo hanging, which color, font, and effect is dominant.

When you rest the pointer on a Quick Style thumbnail, you can see how the Essay and Work Galilei, Quick Style affects your table, SmartArt graphic, or shape. The design description (theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects) of themes provides galleries of Quick Styles that always match the theme of your document. Themes and Quick Styles are both created by visual designers so that all of your documents look professionally created. When you choose from the various Quick Style galleries, your content will be well-matched to your overall document theme. In Office Word 2007, you can choose a set of paragraph and character styles, or pre-designed Quick Style sets (such as Distinctive ) that are designed to work together to create an attractive and Van Gogh and Munch Essay, professional-looking document.

For example, one set of Office Word 2007 Quick Styles may include styles for several heading levels, body text, a quotation, and a title. All of the style colors and formats in a single style set are designed to be used together to on The create an attractive and compelling document. All that you must do is choose the Quick Style set that is appropriate for to health the document that you are creating and then apply the stylesfrom the convenient Quick Styles gallery when you create your document. Quick Styles gallery opened by using the Essay Life of John Galilei, Mini toolbar. In most cases, you will not change styles in a Quick Style set because the Anguish:, styles are designed to complement one another, and on The and Work of John, it is easier to use a different Quick Style set. Tojo Hanging. Under certain circumstances, however, you might want to change the attributes of Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo, a style in a Quick Style set or add a brand new style. An Essay On Criticism. When you save a Quick Style set as your default for new documents, the theme that is Essay on The Life and Work and Galileo currently applied to the document is does also made the default theme.

Applying a different theme to on The Life and Work of John Galilei a document that was created with a Quick Style set makes it easy to create a professional and unique-looking document. Interactionist To Health. Quick styles are not automatically theme-aware. The built-in Quick Style sets are, but if you save a Quick Style that is not theme-aware, the Quick Style set will have no relationship to the theme. A cell style is a defined set of formatting characteristics, such as fonts and font sizes, number formats, cell borders, and cell shading. To prevent others from changing specific cells, you can also use a cell style that locks cells. Office Excel 2007 has several built-in cell styles that you can apply or modify. You can also modify or duplicate a cell style to create your own custom cell style. Cell styles are based on the document theme that is on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo applied to an entire workbook. When you switch to another theme, the cell styles are updated to match the new theme. Built-in cell styles are aware of theme fonts, but many are not theme color aware. None of the cell styles are related to theme effects.

For more information about Art from Anguish: Essay cell styles, see the Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, article Apply, create, or remove a cell style. Background styles are unique to Office PowerPoint 2007 and use the new theme color model that defines two dark colors and two light colors to be used for text and backgrounds. For built-in themes, the tojo hanging, light colors are always visible over the dark colors and vice versa, such as when dark color text is used over a light background. And there are six accent colors that look good over any of the four possible background colors in the built-in themes. Also, inside each theme are three background-fill definitions: subtle, moderate, and intense. Life And Work Of John Calvin Galilei. By combining the 4 background colors with the 3 theme backgrounds, you get 12 possible background styles. In the built-in themes, the top row of the Background Styles gallery is interactionist approach always solid fill. To access the Background Styles gallery, on the Design tab, in on The Life the Background group, click Background Styles . If you apply the background styles from the second row of the gallery shown in the illustration above, you get the four variations shown in the following illustration. Notice how the dark and light text and the background colors are automatically switched based on the background that you choose. Many slide show projectors show dark backgrounds and light text better than they show light backgrounds and dark text.

You can use the background styles as a quick way to tojo hanging transform your presentation for better projection. For step-by-step information about Essay on The Life adding a background to your slide, see the on criticism, article Format the Essay on The of John and Galileo, background of your slides. Tip: To apply a background style or theme to only some slides in your presentation, right-click the background style or theme, and then click Apply to Selected Slides on the shortcut menu.

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constitutional essay Tyranny of the Life and Work Calvin, Majority in Any Democratic Government. In any institution in which a majority of citizens or members can pass laws or rules that apply, not just to themselves, but to all members of the group, judgment is required to distinguish potential laws which are reasonable and fair from those which are tyrannical because they are unnecessary, unfair, and interactionist approach, justifiably intolerable to of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei the minority that opposed them. And formal mechanisms need to be in place, wherever feasible, to tojo hanging prevent tyrannical laws from being passed by those whose judgment in such matters might fail. The founding fathers of the American republic were not unaware of this problem, and on The and Work Galilei, some of the provisions of the U.S. Interactionist To Health! Constitution can be viewed as ways of addressing it even if that is not necessarily their expressed or realized intention. James Madison wrote in on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo, Federalist Paper 51: It is of great importance in a republic not only to guard the society against the oppression of one direction names in words, its rulers but to guard one part of the society against the injustice of the other part. If a majority be united by a common interest, the rights of the minority will be insecure. Many of the Essay on The Life Galilei, features of the Constitutional organization of the Federal government are meant to keep any branch or department from attaining domination of the others, but in fulfilling that function, they also serve as a safeguard against any popular majority, as represented then by the House of one direction names, Representatives (and now by the Senate and the House of Representatives in partnership), from being able to oppress other citizens. Again Madison from the same work: In framing a government which is to Calvin Galilei be administered by men over men, the staircase model, great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.

However, the Constitution did not solve the problem of on The and Work Calvin Galilei, majorities' imposing tyrannical laws, or imposing unnecessary and an essay on criticism, unfair or unreasonable laws tyrannically without attending to the needs of the minority. (A case can be made that the American Civil War resulted because of that, and I will return to this point later.) And because the Essay on The Life Calvin, problem of the an essay on criticism, tyranny of the majority is still not resolved today, nor even generally understood, it needs to be addressed as much as ever. Madison had thought that the greatest safeguard against Essay of John the tyranny of the approach, majority was the large number of sects and divergences of interests and opinions that divided people in ways that made it virtually impossible for coalitions to on The Calvin form stable majorities. While that is often the case, historical divisions have arisen over characteristics that have brought about tojo hanging numerical minorities which have been more than temporarily placed in that status. (The phrase often used is permanent minorities, but permanent is too strong because the problem is not that one is in a permanent minority, but that one is in a minority with no likely possibility to be in the majority in the near future or within even a few generations.) Race, ethnicity, color are such characteristics in many societies today, but there are philosophical and other kinds of minorities as well. Moreover, majorities in any legislature often merely impose their will on those numerical minorities with opposing philosophies for as long as they are able, which means at least one election cycle, if not many. In some of these cases, the minority viewpoint may be represented in the legislature, but it is not attended to by the majority, and is therefore not what might be called effectively represented. Madison also noted the problem of a majority's, in a sense oppressing itself by on The of John Calvin and Galileo, passing laws that are only as temporary as the passions and fashions that make them seem desirable.

He wrote of the dangers of mutable government in Federalist Paper 62, and a small part of what he said is: It will be of little avail to the people that laws are made by men of their own choice . if they be repealed or revised before they are promulgated, or undergo such incessant changes that no man, who knows what the law is today, can guess what it will be tomorrow. Law is defined to be a rule of action; but how can that be a rule which is names, little known, and less fixed. And he said, (Federalist Paper 63) . an institution may be sometimes necessary as a defense to the people against their own temporary errors and Essay and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, delusions. . there are particular moments in tojo hanging, public affairs when the people, stimulated by some irregular passion or some illicit advantage, or misled by on The and Work Galilei, the artful misrepresentations of interested men, may call for measures which they themselves will afterwards be the most ready to lament and condemn. In these critical moments, how salutary will be the interference of some temperate and respectable body of citizens, in does cosmopolitan mean, order to check the misguided career and to suspend the blow meditated by Essay on The and Work of John Calvin Galilei, the people against themselves, until reason, justice, and truth can regain their authority over what mean the public mind? What bitter anguish would not the people of Athens have often escaped if their government had contained so provident a safeguard against the tyranny of Essay Life of John Galilei, their own passions?

Popular liberty might then have escaped the interactionist approach, indelible reproach of decreeing to the same citizens the hemlock on on The Calvin one day and statues on the next. I believe that Alexander Hamilton gave a hint to the solution of preventing tyranny of the majority in the last Federalist Paper (85), when he wrote, in a different context, The intrinsic difficulty of governing thirteen states at any rate, independent of what cosmopolitan, calculations upon an ordinary degree of public spirit and Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo, integrity will, in my opinion, constantly impose on the national rulers the interactionist approach to health, necessity of a spirit of accommodation to the reasonable expectations of their constituents. Also, Every Constitution for the United States must inevitably consist of a great variety of particulars in which thirteen independent States are to be accommodated in their interests or opinions of Life and Work Calvin and Galileo, interest. What I wish to argue here is that the founding fathers set up the government, via numerous mechanisms in the Constitution, in on criticism, such a way that it was supposed to force, not compromise, but accommodation of numerical minorities, in Essay on The of John, order to achieve majority rule, and that there were more obstacles preventing the tyranny of the majority in more important issues than in interactionist to health, less important ones. The greater the obstacles meant, at least for Hamilton, the greater need for mutual accommodation.

The electoral college is one such mechanism, but there are a great many more. I will describe and discuss them shortly. What I mean by accommodation in the sense I am using it, as opposed to compromise, is Essay of John Galilei, that each side can get what it wants without having to give up anything important to it. Staircase Model! In a compromise, each side often gives in, or gives up, something it wants in order to get something else. Or it does something it does not want to do in order to get something it does want. In accommodation of the sort I have in mind, no side has to give up anything of Essay on The of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, importance. Accommodation is about finding what is often referred to as common ground but in a sense that is perhaps different from how even that is usually meant. What I have in mind can perhaps best be described by Anguish: Van Gogh Essay, example.

Suppose a married couple is Essay and Work of John Galilei, divided over whether to interactionist to health go out some evening; one of them wants the two of them to go somewhere together; the other does not want to Galilei go out at staircase model, all. On The Life Of John! There are a number of solutions that might count as compromises, but those will not be as good as an accommodation. Compromises might be that from what does cosmopolitan, now on they take turns deciding and Essay Life and Work, perhaps they flip a coin for staircase model this time, so that one of them gets to on The Life and Work of John Calvin Galilei decide what they do this time and it is the other person's turn to decide next time. Another compromise might be to tojo hanging go out for a little while -- less than the one wants, but more, of course, than the Essay and Work of John Calvin, other wants. Or they might decide to go out but to what a quieter place or a closer place than the one partner wanted to. On The Life Of John And Galileo! Or they might decide to mean go out tomorrow night even though the one partner did not want to go out either night.

Those would all be compromises. But suppose instead of making one of those sorts of compromises, they discuss the issue and the one who does not want to go out, in pleading his/her case, says, I am just too exhausted to go out; it has been a really bad day. Now it might be that what would accommodate both of their needs or desires is the Essay, following: when the other partner hears the first say how tired s/he is, that partner responds I'll tell you what. Go lie down or go take a long bath or shower; and I'll fix dinner and rub your neck a while if you are still awake. If you fall asleep, I'll wake you when dinner is staircase model, ready, and then after dinner if you still don't feel like going out, we won't.

If that works such that the tired person is Life and Work and Galileo, no longer tired and no longer not in the mood to tojo hanging go out, then that will have been an accommodation. Essay And Work Of John Galilei! The needs or desires of both partners will have been accommodated because they were not really mutually exclusive in the way they sounded at on criticism, the beginning. It was not that the one partner did not want to go out Essay Life and Work and Galileo Galilei, just because s/he did not want to, but it was that s/he did not want to staircase model go out while exhausted, enervated, or feeling bad. There are civil and political issues that are very much like this, in that what seem to be mutually opposing positions are not really mutually opposing at all. Without desiring to trivialize or oversimplify the slavery issue in the middle of the 19 th century in Life and Work of John and Galileo Galilei, America, it seems that the abolitionists were focused primarily on the growing sense of immorality of slavery while for the slave states, the primary concerns were economic and social/political, with concern about infringement on states' rights of self-determination in these areas. I presume that if the anti-slavery forces could have raised sufficient funds to buy all the interactionist approach, slaves, transport them to the North, the West, or somewhere else, and set them free, and also made it profitable for Essay Life and Work Galilei former slave owners to hire workers to replace them at decent wages, the slave-owners would have willingly sold, and slavery in America would have ended. Whether former slaves would have been better off if that happened would have depended on how they could have adapted, how they would have been allowed to one direction names adapt, and how they would have been helped to Essay on The Life and Galileo adapt to such a dramatic change in their lives.

But the point is that the North would have got what it wanted and the South would have got what it needed in order to give up slavery willingly. It was not that slave states wanted slaves just in order to enslave people. It was that a whole economic and social/cultural system had been built up, with due complicity from the one direction names, Federal government and from many businesses in the North, in a millennia-old context in which slavery unfortunately had been thought tolerable and justified, that would have placed great hardships on both blacks and Essay and Work Calvin, whites in staircase model, the South to try to Essay Life and Work of John Galilei change without help. Southern economics, white homes, and white culture had become dependent on slavery. And other than being free only in the sense of no longer being owned, blacks would not have been well off, and in to health, fact were not well off, simply to be turned loose in the South -- without education, without socialization, without reasonable and sensitive plans for Essay Calvin and Galileo Galilei their inclusion into culture, government, and economics-- in a climate of does mean, prejudice, hate, and Essay Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, fear among well-armed, majority white people. Yet anti-slavery forces wanted to politically force an staircase model end to slavery without regard for the consequences of ending it that way. It is no wonder that Southern states felt their legitimate interests were not being fairly represented (or were not likely to long continue to be fairly represented) in the Congress, even though they had, and would continue to have, their duly-elected share of Essay on The Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei, representatives serving and speaking there. I believe that there is an ambiguity in interactionist approach, the notion of representation in Essay Life of John Galilei, that it can either mean one's position is tojo hanging, able to be presented, or it can mean one's position is actually taken into Essay on The Life and Work Galilei, account and seriously and one direction, meaningfully considered when it is presented.

When one is represented only in the former sense, generally one may as well not be represented at all. What is necessary is that people have representation in the latter sense. (By the way, it is not that I am defending Southern states as such. Those states, while bemoaning their lack of Essay on The and Work Calvin Galilei, effective representation and what does cosmopolitan, heeded voices in the Congress, certainly gave little concern to listening to and accommodating numerical minorities in their state and local communities. The victims of Essay on The Life and Galileo Galilei, tyranny of what cosmopolitan mean, majority at any level of government are just as often the perpetrators of it at other levels, or when the numerical numbers get turned. (1) ) Effective, heeded representation will happen naturally in those bodies comprised of sensitive, compassionate, and honorable members with discerning judgment who care about the needs of all people. There are not likely to be such bodies. Therefore mechanisms are necessary to prevent 51% of people from controlling 100% of the Life and Galileo Galilei, decisions in a democracy simply by having majority rule that allows them to win every vote without having ever to take into account the Art from Van Gogh Essay, needs of the Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, 49%. When those needs are intolerably and staircase model, unreasonably ignored and thwarted, there is a tyranny of the on The Life Galilei, majority. So there are a great many safeguards (though not enough) built into the Constitution that can be seen as essentially trying to prevent that from happening, and that can be seen as attempts to ensure accommodation of minority positions and needs: First, having two different houses of an essay on criticism, Congress, a Senate and a House of Representatives, places an obvious obstacle to simple majority rule. There are 435 Representatives and 100 Senators.

If the founders had wanted simple majority rule with that number or proportion of total representatives, they would have set it up so there would currently be 535 members and just one chamber, and a majority vote of Life and Work, 268 would carry any measure. But with the membership being divided into two houses, with the Senate's having 100 members, and needing a majority of tojo hanging, them, that means that, simply from the Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo, standpoint of voting alone (that is, not by on criticism, causing procedural delays in Essay Calvin and Galileo, voting, etc.) 51 Senators can block the majority rule or majority tyranny of 485 others. Hence, for a vote to pass, it needs not only to have majority support, but it needs to have the support of, in some sense, at least half the states, and thus it needs to have somewhat widespread support. Moreover, because Senators are elected for six years instead of the two for which Representatives are elected, legislation must be judged more likely to appeal to staircase model citizens over time than simply to appease temporarily fashionable passions. The bicameral Congress is Essay, also meant to be a protection for the rights of smaller states, since, presuming that Senators actually represent their states' positions, a majority of tojo hanging, states need to give their assent to any proposition, not just a majority of the U.S. citizens. And Work Of John! The electoral college, though different now from the an essay on criticism, way it was originally established, still operates intentionally in Essay Life Calvin and Galileo Galilei, opposition to majority rule in this same way. Names In Words! In a system of on The and Work Galilei, electing the President by mere simple majority, a candidate or party could win by staircase model, appealing to 51% of the voters united by some particular characteristic. And while Madison was correct that it is not easy in a free society to find 51% with an overriding affiliation to some philosophy or set of ideological policies that affect favorably all the various aspects of their lives, still it can happen. It happens, so far in America as of this writing, with some regard to race, with some regard to religious affiliation, and Essay on The Life and Galileo Galilei, with some regard to gender. It happens also, though in alternating cycles, with regard to what are currently deemed generally conservative versus liberal values.

It also can happen with regard to demographics along age lines or along urban/rural lines. By requiring a candidate to tojo hanging get at least some widespread support across a set of divergent groups, and not just simple majority support, the Essay on The and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, electoral college serves as a partial safeguard against one direction those who might be able to find and win over a majority group based on some simple or single characteristic. It is not foolproof as a safeguard in this way, but it is important, and Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, sometimes formidable. When my younger daughter was in sixth grade, she attended a new middle school that opened its first year with just two of the three grades it would subsequently have. Does Cosmopolitan! It began with sixth and seventh grades and would from then on, have sixth, seventh, and eighth grades.

They held a student council officer election in the spring of the school year for student government positions the Life Galilei, following year. For some reason, there were far more seventh graders than sixth graders that year, and because they voted for their own, the seventh graders won all the officer positions. Staircase Model! The sixth graders felt that was unfair but were told that was just how democracy worked. Well, it is not how American democracy (or at least American government) works, nor how it is supposed to work, regardless of the misconception. Had there been a mechanism, something like the electoral college system, whereby sixth and seventh grades were represented in a more equal way to make up for their unequal population numbers -- a way that required the assent of some implicit coalition of both groups -- either there would have been some sixth graders elected to the student council offices or at least some seventh graders might have been elected who were more acceptable to the sixth grade class.

Potential seventh grade officers would at least have had to on The and Work and Galileo court some part of the sixth grade vote instead of being able to ignore it altogether. Interactionist To Health! That is the purpose, or at least a feature, of Essay Life of John Calvin Galilei, devices such as a bicameral legislature or an electoral college. The Constitution also gives a President veto power over even those majorities that might comprise both the House and the Senate, again thwarting majority rule where sufficient widespread support beyond the simple majority cannot be achieved. Congress can override the veto with a 2/3 majority, but a 2/3 majority, by just its nature alone, requires broader support in a diverse legislature than does a simple minority. Hence, the policy under consideration must have wider support and is not as likely to be tyrannical. By its committee system, Congress also has a mechanism that requires more than simple Congressional majority rule. For a bill to get to the floor, it must generally have a majority committee affirmative vote.

This is designed to give relatively greater expertise and specialized attention greater influence over the fate of bills than just majority opinion. But the an essay on criticism, greatest obstacle to simple majority rule is the Constitution itself because no legislation passed by a simple majority which is inconsistent with its provisions is valid law. And, although, contrary to the belief of many, the Essay Life and Work of John Galilei, Constitution is on criticism, not totally immutable, it is on The Life Calvin Galilei, so difficult to Art from Anguish: Van Gogh and Munch Essay change, and requires such broad support for change, that only those changes which are acceptable to a vast majority of citizens in a vast number of different blocks or segments of the country (i.e., states or state legislatures) can be made. Two thirds of both houses each, or two thirds of state legislatures must propose an amendment (or a Constitutional Convention), and then three fourths of the states (through their legislatures or constitutional conventions) must ratify the Essay Life Calvin, amendments. This is no easy route to tyranny by a mere majority. My contention here is that while politics and government legislation seems to be about getting sufficient numbers of votes, the underlying principle is that proposed legislation, and candidates seeking certain offices, such as the Art from and Munch, Presidency, must appeal to sufficiently widespread and diverse groups of people that no simple majority can hold absolute or potentially tyrannical power just on the basis of sheer numbers. There is another aspect of American government that I believe would prevent tyranny of the majority, though it is an accidental or derivative feature, one which seems often to be unappreciated by particular Congresses. It is and Work of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, also one which once unappreciated invites further lack of appreciation in retribution.

The idea is one direction in words, that because majority rule in Congress is at best temporary and secure only until the on The Life and Work and Galileo, next election, it would be wise not to pass laws that are intolerable to the minority party, so that they do not do the same against you when they become the majority. To do otherwise is to invite a damaging feud or the interactionist, political equivalence of the nuclear policy known as 'mutually assured destruction' (M.A.D. for short, in Essay on The Galilei, one of the most apt acronyms ever designed). Does! Unfortunately political groups, here or abroad, are not usually wise in this regard. Or they tend to hold the belief that if they could just get a law on the books it will become less objectionable somehow before the next election. It seems to me, however, unequivocal that if you rule by sheer majority numbers without looking for an acceptable accommodation of the minority, that, if and when they become the majority, they will not try to accommodate you. In that case both sides lose for at least part of the time, instead of both sides having what they need the whole time. With common sense and sensitivity apparently not forced on legislators by nature, nurture, or the Life of John and Galileo, ephemeralness of tojo hanging, power, it is left to formal voting mechanisms to try to force cooperation. Now, as I believe that Hamilton saw, the best way to achieve widespread appeal to diverse groups is to of John Galilei accommodate, whenever possible, their real needs in one direction in words, a way that they realize does so. It is not always easy to figure out how to do that (2) -- either to on The of John Calvin discover what is mutually accommodating or to show that it is -- but the an essay on criticism, results when successful seem to me far better than compromising in ways that cause nearly as much mutual loss as they do mutual gains.

And it is better than mutual back-scratching, whereby one legislator votes for another legislator's bad program in order to receive a reciprocal vote on his own bad program. It is also better than finding common ground in the normal sense, whereby each accepts only the lowest common denominator solution between them, which may not solve the problem of either. If farmers have needs and large corporations have needs, it does not help either side much for legislators to meet the needs only of large farming corporations, any more than if I want us to go to a city which happens to be north of us and my wife wants us to on The and Work of John go to a city which happens to be east of us, that we therefore go to a city which is what does cosmopolitan, northeast of us. Not all common ground is helpful merely because it is common. One more example of possibly accommodating legislation: many working people have daycare needs for their children, children have educational needs, schools are understaffed, and Essay on The and Work of John, senior citizens often need assisted or senior-friendly living quarters with some sort of Art from Anguish: and Munch Essay, activities to relieve boredom and anxiety. It is entirely possible that legislatures beset by funding requests for on The Calvin all these things could meet all of them at once by authorizing funds for plans that will meet the needs of all three groups at once -- having daycare and mentoring facilities in senior-oriented or assisted living institutions, so that those seniors who were able and willing to an essay teach or to take care of small children could voluntarily do so with whatever time and on The Life and Work and Galileo, energy they could comfortably give, and thus be busy, and to health, productive, and could justifiably feel useful. With mechanisms in place that make it difficult to Essay on The Life and Work of John Calvin pass laws because philosophical numerical minorities can readily prevent enactment, the ideal strategy would be to make proposed legislation as palatable and accommodating as possible to as many people and factions as possible. Tojo Hanging! Unfortunately legislators have found a host of ways to circumvent the need for Essay on The and Work of John and Galileo Galilei such accommodation with the mechanisms so far established.

But the newly elected 2001 Congress, being as closely divided as it is, might allow legislators and the President to hone the on criticism, ability to Essay and Work and Galileo create measures that not only accommodate each other but that accommodate a broader segment of their constituencies. And if we are lucky, they will cultivate skills in this area which will serve numerical minorities well even if one political party should happen to gain numerical ascendancy in the future. The American federal government is a republic, in Art from Anguish: and Munch, Madison's terms ( Federalist #10 ) , rather than a democracy, because people do not vote themselves but are governed by representatives they elect. However, the word democracy has become expanded since Madison's time to include, at least in the popular meaning, democratically elected representative government. America now is usually referred to as a democracy.

I believe that when the Essay on The and Galileo, teachers told the students that the election was democratic they were really meaning that it was the American way of doing things, which was intended to imply that it was therefore fair and good. If the an essay on criticism, word democratic just means majority rule, then it does no good to answer the students' complaint --that majority rule in of John Calvin and Galileo Galilei, this case was unfair-- by saying that the election was fair because it was democratic, since that would just be to say that majority rule is fair because it is interactionist approach to health, majority rule. At any rate, the point is Life of John, that this election was not necessarily the American way of doing things (whether we want to call it democratic or not), because our founding fathers wanted to prevent just this sort of tojo hanging, tyranny of the majority that democracy in the strict or old sense tends to foster or permit. [The need for Essay on The of John a footnote such as this one was called to my attention separately by Charles A. Gallo and by Brian Keith Moseley who were each concerned that I called the American form of one direction names, government a democracy instead of a republic.] (Return to text.)