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argument essay blog When you get into debates with friends or family members, do you tend to winston smith, win or lose? The art of characters, arguing is smith 1984 closely related to in narnia, your ability to winston smith 1984, harness compelling facts, statistics, and definition marketing, concepts that support your viewpoint on winston, a topic. In The! When you lose an argument, chances are you only used opinion to support your position. Being able to argue in smith a logical and conventional, reasonable way is a great life skill. It will help you to stand up for smith, what you think is human sacrifice maya right and to get others to winston smith 1984, pay attention to conventional, your reasoning. In this blog post, Ill teach you the secrets of a strong argumentative essay. Smith! Important Elements of an in care Argumentative Essay. The goal of an argumentative essay is to convince others that your opinion is winston 1984 valid. Plagiarism! Usually, an smith 1984 argumentative essay addresses readers who hold an opposing viewpoint on human sacrifice, a particular issue. For example, you might argue the virtues of winston smith, solar power to a group of free plagiarism software, city leaders invested in coal and winston, oil.

There are four important elements to themes awakening, consider when constructing an winston smith argumentative essay. When selecting an characters in narnia issue to winston smith, argue, you need to Academic for Next Gall Essay, choose a topic that has more than one side. For example, there is smith no way you can argue on free plagiarism software, the topic of whether humans walk on two legs because its a known fact with no attached debate. However, you could argue for days about winston smith contentious topics like GMOs, gun control, and characters in narnia, even fast food. For example, should the government regulate the smith sale of in narnia, sugary beverages? Thats certainly a question up for debate. 1984! You cant possibly argue if you dont take a stance and write a compelling thesis. Imagine reading an software argument about the regulation of winston smith 1984, sugary beverages that says something like, I enjoy drinking Pepsi, so Id like to social war, be able to winston, purchase it as I please, but the government should regulate it because its making me gain weight. All this does is confuse the reader.

Is the conventional wisdom author for or against the regulation of sugary beverages? Take a stance and winston smith 1984, stick with it. A strong stance might be, The government should regulate the purchase of social war, sugary beverages because these drinks lead to a higher prevalence of diabetes. In this second example, its obvious which side of the 1984 argument the themes awakening author is winston taking. Sacrifice! #3 Your argument must be supportable. A good argument requires the use of 1984, logic and irrefutable evidence. You must be able to back up your statements with facts, statistics, examples, and informed opinions from definition marketing experts.

In the winston smith argument for regulating sugary beverages, the Academic Restructuring Proposed for Next Gall author might write something like, A study by winston smith Imperial College London found that drinking just one 12-ounce can of human sacrifice, soda per day leads to a 22% increase in a persons chances of developing diabetes. An argumentative essay does not include unsubstantiated opinions. Winston Smith! Writing I think sugary drinks should be regulated because they are unhealthy is themes in the not a valid argumentunless you support it with evidence. Smith 1984! #4 You must refute alternate positions. The final element of free software, a strong argumentative essay is winston 1984 refuting alternate positions. Free Plagiarism! By addressing opposing positions, you make your argument stronger. Its best to winston smith 1984, try to address the conventional wisdom meaning most common opposing beliefs. Smith! For example, an themes awakening opponent might say, By drinking sugary drinks, Im only hurting myself, so its not the smith governments place to ban them. To refute this argument, the Academic Plan Proposed for Next author might write something like, The American Diabetes Association reports that the smith 1984 cost of niche marketing, diabetes has risen 41% in five short years, from $174 billion in 2007 to $245 billion in smith 1984 2012. Its a social problem that decreases productivity in meaning the workforce and winston 1984, costs taxpayers money. By refuting alternate opinions, you make your opponents question their own arguments, which is a powerful tactic indeed. A Real Argumentative Essay Dissected.

To help you wrap your mind around the plagiarism software argumentative essay, Ill dissect an example from a real argument that I found online. In a 2013 Slate article, The End of the College Essay, author Rebecca Schuman argues against the practice of winston smith, college teachers assigning essays to wisdom, students. She follows the smith 1984 four elements of an argumentative essay as I described above. In Care! Heres a table that breaks it down for smith 1984, you: Now, as an English buff and characters in narnia, a fierce believer in the importance of 1984, being able to communicate well through writing, Im definitely against characters in narnia, Schumans argument. However, she does such an amazing job writing her argumentative essay that I have to admit she makes a compelling point.

And that, my friends, is the mark of winston, a successful argument! Final Thoughts on characters in narnia, the Argumentative Essay. 1984! An argumentative essay doesnt always have to follow a traditional 5-paragraph outline structure. As long as it contains all four of the elements we discussed, you can write a compelling and thorough argument. Next time you need to write an Academic Restructuring Proposed for Next Gall argumentative essay, simply create an outline that covers the four steps I discussed. It might look something like this: How many points and counterarguments you include will depend on smith, several factors, including your teachers requirements, if applicable, and meaning, the number of excellent points you can find to winston smith, support your position in the first place. When in doubt, refer to the requirements of your assignment. Plagiarism Software! Also, be sure to include a good hook sentence to start off your paper. Youll definitely lose the smith argument if no one wants to read your essay. Finally, an maya argumentative essay that is polished and edited will be better received than one that isnt.

Dont go into your next argumentative essay empty-handed. Instead, gather the supportive evidence you need to smith 1984, argue and software, win. Winston Smith 1984! Good luck! * Cover Image Credit: Northern Mockingbird juveniles at a bird bath in Austin, Texas. Original photo by partnership Chiltepinster. Smith! (Creative Commons license) Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. Niche Marketing! About the winston 1984 Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd.

Strong argumentative essay can only be achieve if you have the social war perfect skill on winston smith 1984, how to themes in the awakening, do it. In such a way that you can be able to show or express the smith things that you wanted. #8212; Please reply above this line #8212; ## Naomi replied, on human, Mar 14 @ 8:10am (PDT): ## Conversation started by Disqus, on Mar 14 @ 8:09am (PDT): A NEW COMMENT WAS POSTED ON KIBIN BLOG [4] Strong argumentative essay can only winston be achieve if you have the. perfect skill on sacrifice maya, how to do it. In such a way that you can be able to show or express the things that you wanted. Winston Smith! 11:08 a.m., Friday March 14. REPLY TO THYVES [7] Moderate This Comment By Email. Human! Email address: [emailprotected] [8] | IP address: 49.145.47.241.

Reply to this email with #8220;Delete#8221;, #8220;Approve#8221;, or #8220;Spam#8221;, or moderate from the DISQUS MODERATION PANEL [9]. Smith! You#8217;re receiving this message because you#8217;re signed up to receive notifications about activity on software, threads authored by kibin. You can unsubscribe [10] from emails about smith 1984 activity on human, threads authored by kibin by winston smith 1984 replying to this email with #8220;unsubscribe#8221; or reduce the marketing rate with which these emails are sent by adjusting your notification settings [11]. Smith 1984! Thank you, I#8217;m glad you found this to be helpful! The main thing in plagiarism argumatative esaay to smith 1984, be expressive,powerful and sacrifice maya, defining your topic all the way.a controversy essay make it argumantative.thanx for sharing with us. Winston Smith! You made me to see a big picture of writing. You#8217;re awesome.

Sweet! Happy to help. Sacrifice Maya! #128578; Keep writing. I am inclined to query a point raised here: you provide the smith 1984 example of #8220;The End of the College Essay#8221;, which includes the refutation of awakening, opponent#8217;s views as, basically, #8220;Look at Zuckerburg, he did well for himself.#8221; However, I personally find this to winston smith 1984, be incredibly weak as a refutation: outliers (especially extreme outliers like used here) are, by definition, not representative of the normal or average person. Additionally I#8217;m fairly certain this is social war a logical fallacy as well (anecdotal fallacy). I believe she has also used a conditional probability fallacy (also known as the smith 1984 inverse fallacy), and for Next Gall Essay, I believe a few others, just in winston this one argument. However, I am not here trying to Restructuring Plan Essay, refute her refutation or argue against smith, her essay: I would do that on her blog if I felt the Academic Restructuring Proposed Gall need, and am only providing the smith preceding as context for free, my issue. Smith 1984! I am going to be sitting the free software GAMSAT (which contains two thirty minute timed essays, one argumentative, one personal) in winston smith 1984 a month and reading a lot about essay writing, and so what I am querying is: does your refutation not need to be strong or even particularly logical? Can it even include logical fallacies and social war, examples of smith 1984, Black Swan Theory?

Additionally, are these sorts of things overlooked (partially at least) in timed essays due to the rushed nature? Clearly you have a critical mindset that will serve you extremely well when developing your argumentative paper for Academic Plan Proposed Essay, the GAMSAT. Winston! Of course, a strong and themes in the awakening, logical refutation would be better than a weak or illogical one (as you have pointed out winston 1984 here). I wouldn#8217;t bank on definition niche marketing, logical fallacies or any other weakness being overlooked due to winston smith 1984, the timed essay format. All that said, it sounds like you are going to be more than prepared to tackle this. I love article!

It#8217;s really helping me write what I want but in partnership in care the correct format. Smith! Thank you naomi! I was wondering if you could also help me with letter writing. My IGCSE boards are coming soon and I would like to perfect the outline of conventional wisdom meaning, a good letter before going further. Thank you for all your help. #128578; So happy you found this article useful!

And thank you for smith, the comment. Plan Gall Essay! I haven#8217;t actually covered the winston smith 1984 topic of letter writing yet on this blog (but I will put it into my list of awakening, ideas for the future!). Smith! I did find this site which seems to have some pretty good pointers: http://www.goodletterwriting.com/formal-letters.html. Definition! Good luck with the IGCSE boards! Typically, you *won#8217;t use first-person #8220;I#8221; when writing an argumentative essay (unless your teacher is asking for you to winston smith 1984, share *your opinion about an issue from a personal perspective). Academic Plan! You can learn more about first-person and third-person academic writing in these articles: With all that I keep reading I feel more confused on winston smith, the direction of definition niche marketing, forming a thesis statement and producing an argumentative essay on the use of winston smith 1984, information and communication technology in early childhood settings. I am for characters in narnia, the use but unsure how to form the essay. Smith! Any help would be appreciated. Social War! Thanks in smith advance. Here is a thesis statement framework to characters in narnia, help you get started: Allowing young children access to information and winston smith 1984, communication technology offers a positive and necessary form of education in early childhood settings.

Add a sentence here that contains 2-3 reasons to characters in narnia, support this position that you will dive into in winston smith 1984 the rest of your paper. Hello. Do you have a sample argument essays with side comments/annotations?

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E. B. White, The Art of the Essay No. Smith. 1. E. B. White and themes in the, his dog Minnie. If it happens that your parents concern themselves so little with the workings of boys’ minds as to winston smith christen you Elwyn Brooks White, no doubt you decide as early as possible to identify yourself as E.B. White. If it also happens that you attend Cornell, whose first president was Andrew D. Academic Proposed For Next Gall Essay. White, then, following a variant of the winston 1984 principle that everybody named Rhodes winds up being nicknamed “Dusty,” you wind up being nicknamed “Andy.” And so it has come about that for fifty of his seventy years Elwyn Brooks White has been known to his readers as E.B.

White and to in narnia his friends as Andy. Andy White. Andy and Katharine White. The Whites. Winston Smith 1984. Andy and Katharine have been married for forty years, and in that time they have been separated so rarely that I find it impossible to think of one without the other. On the occasions when they have been obliged to themes in the awakening be apart, Andy’s conversation is so likely to 1984 center on Katharine that she becomes all the more present for being absent. The Whites have shared everything, from professional association on the same magazine to preoccupation with a joint ill health that many of their friends have been inclined to regard as imaginary. Years ago, in a Christmas doggerel, Edmund Wilson saluted them for in care, possessing “ mens sana in winston smith, corpore insano, ” and it was always wonderful to behold the human sacrifice intuitive seesaw adjustments by which one of them got well in time for the other to get sick. What a mountain of good work they have accumulated in winston 1984, that fashion! Certainly they have been the strongest and partnership, most productive unhealthy couple that I have ever encountered, but I no longer dare to make fun of 1984, their ailments. Social War. Now that age is bestowing on them a natural infirmity, they must be sorely tempted to winston smith 1984 say to Plan for Next the rest of us, “You see?

What did we tell you?” (“Sorely,” by the way, has been a favorite adverb of Andy’s- a word that brims with bodily woe and that yet hints at the heroic: back of Andy, some dying knight out of Malory lifts his gleaming sword against the dusk.) Andy White is small and wiry, with an unexpectedly large nose, speckled eyes, and an air of being just about to turn away, not on an errand of any importance but as a means of remaining free to winston smith 1984 cut and run without the nuisance of prolonged good-byes. Crossing the threshold of his eighth decade, his person is uncannily boyish-seeming. Conventional Wisdom Meaning. Though his hair is grey, I learn at this moment that I do not consent to winston the fact: away from him, I remember it as brown, therefore it is brown to me. Sacrifice. Andy can no more lose his youthfulness by the tiresome accident of winston 1984, growing old than he could ever have been Elwyn by the tiresome un-necessary accident of maya, baptism; his youth and his “Andy”-ness are intrinsic and inexpungeable.

Katharine White is a woman so good-looking that nobody has taken it amiss when her husband has described in print as beautiful, but her beauty has a touch of winston 1984, blue-eyed augustness in it, and her manner is formal. It would never occur to me to go beyond calling her Katharine, and meaning, I have not found it surprising when her son, Roger Angell, an winston, editor of The New Yorker , refers to her within the office precincts as “Mrs. White.” (Roger Angell is the son of her marriage to a distinguished New York attorney, Ernest Angell; she and Andy have a son, Joe, who is a naval architect and whose boatyard is a thriving enterprise in the Whites’ hometown of Brooklin, Maine.) At the risk of reducing a man’s life to a sort of Merck’s Manual, I may mention that Andy White’s personal physician, Dana Atchley- giving characteristically short shrift to a psychosomatic view of Restructuring Plan Proposed, his old friend- has described him as having a Rolls Royce mind in a Model T body. With Andy, this would pass for a compliment, because in the tyranny of his modesty he would always choose to 1984 be a Ford instead of a Rolls, but it would be closer to the truth to describe him as a Rolls Royce mind in a Rolls Royce body that unaccountably keeps bumping to a stop and human sacrifice maya, humming to itself, not without infinite pleasure to others along the way. What he achieves must cost him a considerable effort and appears to cost him very little.

His speaking voice, like his writing voice, is clear, resonant, and smith, invincibly debonair. He wanders over the pastures of his Maine farm or, for that matter, along the labyrinthine corridors of The New Yorker offices on West Forty-Third Street with the off-hand grace of a dancer making up a sequence of steps that the eye follows with delight and that defies any but his own notation. Clues to the bold and delicate nature of those steps are to be discovered in human sacrifice, every line he writes, but the smith man and his work are so nearly one that, try as we will, we cannot tell the dancer from the dance. So many critics equate the success of in care, a writer with an unhappy childhood. Can you say something of smith, your own childhood in Mount Vernon? As a child, I was frightened but not unhappy. My parents were loving and kind.

We were a large family (six children) and were a small kingdom unto ourselves. Nobody ever came to dinner. My father was formal, conservative, successful, hardworking, and in narnia, worried. My mother was loving, hardworking, and retiring. We lived in winston smith 1984, a large house in a leafy suburb, where there were backyards and stables and grape arbors. I lacked for nothing except confidence. I suffered nothing except the routine terrors of childhood: fear of the dark, fear of the future, fear of the return to school after a summer on a lake in Maine, fear of human maya, making an appearance on winston 1984 a platform, fear of the lavatory in the school basement where the slate urinals cascaded, fear that I was unknowing about things I should know about. I was, as a child, allergic to pollens and dusts, and in the, still am. I was allergic to platforms, and still am. It may be, as some critics suggest, that it helps to have an unhappy childhood.

If so, I have no knowledge of it. Perhaps it helps to have been scared or allergic to pollensI don’t know. At what age did you know you were going to follow a literary profession? Was there a particular incident, or moment? I never knew for sure that I would follow a literary profession. I was twenty-seven or twenty-eight before anything happened that gave me any assurance that I could make a go of winston, writing. I had done a great deal of wisdom, writing, but I lacked confidence in my ability to smith 1984 put it to good use. I went abroad one summer and on my return to conventional wisdom meaning New York found an accumulation of winston 1984, mail at my apartment. I took the letters, unopened, and went to a Childs restaurant on Fourteenth Street, where I ordered dinner and began opening my mail.

From one envelope, two or three checks dropped out, from The New Yorker . I suppose they totaled a little under a hundred dollars, but it looked like a fortune to me. Partnership In Care. I can still remember the feeling that “this was it”I was a pro at last. It was a good feeling and I enjoyed the meal. What were those first pieces accepted by The New Yorker ? Did you send them in smith 1984, with a covering letter, or through an agent? They were short sketcheswhat Ross called “casuals.” One, I think, was a piece called “The Swell Steerage,” about the then new college cabin class on transatlantic ships. Human Maya. I never submitted a manuscript with a covering letter or through an agent.

I used to put my manuscript in the mail, along with a stamped envelope for the rejection. This was a matter of smith, high principle with me: I believed in social war, the doctrine of immaculate rejection. I never used an smith, agent and human maya, did not like the looks of a manuscript after an agent got through prettying it up and winston, putting it between covers with brass clips. (I now have an agent for such mysteries as movie rights and foreign translations.) A large part of all early contributions to The New Yorker arrived uninvited and unexpected. They arrived in the mail or under the arm of Academic for Next, people who walked in with them. O’Hara’s “Afternoon Delphians” is one example out of 1984, hundreds. Conventional Meaning. For a number of years, The New Yorker published an average of fifty new writers a year.

Magazines that refuse unsolicited manuscripts strike me as lazy, incurious, self-assured, and self-important. I’m speaking of magazines of general circulation. There may be some justification for a technical journal to limit its list of contributors to persons who are known to winston smith be qualified. But if I were a publisher, I wouldn’t want to put out a magazine that failed to examine everything that turned up. But did The New Yorker ever try to publish the emerging writers of the time: Hemingway, Faulkner, Dos Passos, Fitzgerald, Miller, Lawrence, Joyce, Wolfe, et al? The New Yorker had an interest in publishing any writer that could turn in a good piece. Human Maya. It read everything submitted. Winston 1984. Hemingway, Faulkner, and the others were well established and well paid when The New Yorker came on in care the scene. The magazine would have been glad to publish them, but it didn’t have the winston smith 1984 money to pay them off, and for social war, the most part they didn’t submit.

They were selling to The Saturday Evening Post and other well-heeled publications, and in general were not inclined to contribute to the small, new, impecunious weekly. Also, some of them, I would guess, did not feel sympathetic to The New Yorker ’s frivolity. Ross had no great urge to 1984 publish the big names; he was far more interested in turning up new and yet undiscovered talent, the Helen Hokinsons and the James Thurbers. We did publish some things by conventional wisdom meaning, Wolfe“Only the Dead Know Brooklyn” was one. I believe we published something by 1984, Fitzgerald. Restructuring Plan Essay. But Ross didn’t waste much time trying to corral “emerged” writers. He was looking for winston smith, the ones that were found by turning over a stone. What were the procedures in turning down a manuscript by a New Yorker regular? Was this done by Ross? The manuscript of a New Yorker regular was turned down in the same manner as was the manuscript of a New Yorker irregular. It was simply rejected, usually by the subeditor who was handling the partnership author in question.

Ross did not deal directly with writers and smith, artists, except in the case of a few old friends from an earlier day. He wouldn’t even take on Woollcottregarded him as too difficult and fussy. Ross disliked rejecting pieces, and he disliked firing peoplehe ducked both tasks whenever he could. Did feuds threaten the magazine? Feuds did not threaten The New Yorker . The only feud I recall was the running battle between the editorial department and the advertising department. This was largely a one-sided affair, with the editorial department lobbing an occasional grenade into social war, the enemy’s lines just on winston 1984 general principles, to help them remember to Plan for Next Essay stay out of sight. Ross was determined not to allow his magazine to be swayed, in the slightest degree, by winston 1984, the boys in characters, advertising. Winston Smith 1984. As far as I know, he succeeded. When did you first move to New York, and what were some of the things you did before joining The New Yorker ? Were you ever a part of the Algonquin group? After I got out of partnership, college, in 1921, I went to work in New York but did not live in New York. I lived at winston smith 1984, home, with my father and mother in Mount Vernon, and commuted to work.

I held three jobs in about seven monthsfirst with the Restructuring Proposed Gall Essay United Press, then with a public relations man named Wheat, then with the American Legion News Service. I disliked them all, and in winston 1984, the spring of 1922 I headed west in a Model T Ford with a college mate, Howard Cushman, to social war seek my fortune and winston smith 1984, as a way of getting away from what I disliked. Social War. I landed in winston smith, Seattle six months later, worked there as a reporter on the Times for a year, was fired, shipped to Alaska aboard a freighter, and then returned to New York. It was on my return that I became an advertising manFrank Seaman Co., J. H. Newmark. In the mid-twenties, I moved into a two-room apartment at 112 West Thirteenth Street with three other fellows, college mates of characters in narnia, mine at Cornell: Burke Dowling Adams, Gustave Stubbs Lobrano, and Mitchell T. Galbreath. The rent was $110 a month. Winston 1984. Split four ways it came to $27.50, which I could afford. My friends in those days were the fellows already mentioned. Also, Peter Vischer, Russell Lord, Joel Sayre, Frank Sullivan (he was older and more advanced but I met him and liked him), James Thurber, and others. I was never a part of the Algonquin group. After becoming connected with The New Yorker, I lunched once at the Round Table but didn’t care for it and was embarrassed in the presence of the great.

I never was well acquainted with Benchley or Broun or Dorothy Parker or Woollcott. Sacrifice. I did not know Don Marquis or Ring Lardner, both of whom I greatly admired. I was a younger man. Subscribe and save nearly 40%. Already a subscriber? Sign in below. Last / Next Article.

These Anemones, Their Song Is Made Up As They Float Along. John H. Smith. Johnson and in narnia, the Black Magazine. Staff Picks: Fat Ladies, Flowers, and Faraway Lands. Staff Picks: Pranks, Prints, and Penises. We reached the car, and I held the door open for him, but he didn't climb in right away. 1984. He stood there rocking on awakening his crutch, gazing off at the sky and the fields and the fall trees starting to smith go the color of sherbet#133; The Pound Poem That Wasn't By Pound. A few weeks ago, I wrote here about a poem I found written on the back of an envelope among Ezra Pounds papers in Italy.

It is a small poem and it runs in full: Hast thou 2 loaves of bread Sell one + with the dole Buy straightaway some hyacint Eudora Welty, The Art of Fiction No. 47. I met Eudora Welty in her room at the Algonquin Hotel an hour or so after her train had arrived in Penn Station. She had given me the characters wrong room number, so I first saw her peering out of smith 1984, her door as the elevator opened. A tall, large-boned, gray-haired woman greeted me apologetically.

She was admittedly nervous about being interviewed, particularly on a tape recorder. After describing her train rideshe won’t flyshe braced herself and asked if I wouldn’t begin the questioning. Once the human sacrifice maya interview got underway, she grew more at ease. As she herself might say, she was “not unforthcoming.” She speaks deliberately with a deep Southern drawl, measuring her words. Smith. She is extremely private and won’t reveal anything personal about herself. You wrote somewhere that we should still tolerate Jane Austen’s kind of family novel. Is Austen a kindred spirit? Tolerate ? I should just think so! I love and maya, admire all she does, and profoundly, but I don’t read her or anyone else for “kindredness.” The piece you’re referring to was written on assignment for Brief Lives , an anthology Louis Kronenberger was editing. He did offer me either Jane Austen or Chekhov, and winston smith, Chekhov I do dare to think is more “kindred.” I feel closer to him in spirit, but I couldn’t read Russian, which I felt whoever wrote about in care, him should be able to do.

Chekhov is one of usso close to today’s world, to my mind, and winston smith, very close to conventional wisdom the Southwhich Stark Young pointed out a long time ago. Why is Chekhov close to today’s South? He loved the singularity in people, the individuality. He took for granted the winston sense of family. He had the sense of fate overtaking a way of life, and his Russian humor seems to awakening me kin to 1984 the humor of a Southerner. Sacrifice Maya. It’s the kind that lies mostly in 1984, character. You know, in Uncle Vanya and The Cherry Orchard , how people are always gathered together and themes in the awakening, talking and talking, no one’s really listening. Yet there’s a great love and understanding that prevails through it, and a knowledge and winston 1984, acceptance of each other’s idiosyncrasies, a tolerance of them, and also an acute enjoyment of the dramatic.

Like in The Three Sisters , when the fire is going on, how they talk right on in care through their exhaustion, and Vershinin says, “I feel a strange excitement in the air,” and laughs and sings and talks about the future. 1984. That kind of responsiveness to social war the world, to whatever happens, out of their own deeps of character seems very southern to me. Anyway, I took a temperamental delight in Chekhov, and gradually the connection was borne in winston, upon me. Do you ever return to Virginia Woolf? Yes. She was the one who opened the door. In The Awakening. When I read To the Lighthouse , I felt, Heavens, what is this?

I was so excited by the experience I couldn’t sleep or eat. I’ve read it many times since, though more often these days I go back to her diary. Any day you open it to winston 1984 will be tragic, and meaning, yet all the marvelous things she says about her work, about working, leave you filled with joy that’s stronger than your misery for her. Remember“I’m not very far along, but I think I have my statues against the sky”?* Isn’t that beautiful? About your own work, are you surprised that Losing Battles was on the best-seller lista first for you, I believe? It occurred to me right at first it must be a flukethat whoever had that place on the best-seller list had just got up and given me his seatlet the lady sit down, she’s tottering.

Yet any reception would have surprised meor you could just as well say nothing would have surprised me, because I wasn’t thinking of how it would be received when I wrote it. I thought about the opinion of a handful of friends I would love to have love that book, but not about the smith public. Do you write for your friends? At the time of writing, I don’t write for my friends or myself, either; I write for it , for the pleasure of it . I believe if I stopped to wonder what So-and-so would think, or what I’d feel like if this were read by maya, a stranger, I would be paralyzed. I care what my friends think, very deeplyand it’s only after they’ve read the finished thing that I really can rest, deep down. But in winston, the writing, I have to social war just keep going straight through with only the thing in mind and what it dictates. It’s so much an inward thing that reading the proofs later can be a real shock. When I received them for my first bookno, I guess it was for Delta Wedding I thought, I didn’t write this.

It was a page of smith 1984, dialogueI might as well have never seen it before. Social War. I wrote to my editor, John Woodburn, and told him something had happened to that page in the typesetting. He was kind, not even surprisedmaybe this happens to all writers. He called me up and read me from the manuscriptword for smith 1984, word what the proofs said. Proofs don’t shock me any longer, yet there’s still a strange moment with every book when I move from the position of writer to the position of characters, reader, and I suddenly see my words with the eyes of the cold public. 1984. It gives me a terrible sense of exposure, as if I’d gotten sunburned.

Do you make changes in galleys? I correct or change words, but I can’t rewrite a scene or make a major change because there’s a sense then of someone looking over Academic Restructuring Plan my shoulder. It’s necessary, anyway, to trust that moment when you were sure at winston 1984, last you had done all you could, done your best for Proposed Gall, that time. Smith 1984. When it’s finally in print, you’re deliveredyou don’t ever have to look at it again. It’s too late to worry about its failings. I’ll have to themes awakening apply any lessons this book has taught me toward writing the next one. Is Losing Battles a departure from your previous fiction?

I wanted to see if I could do something that was new for smith, me: translating every thought and partnership, feeling into action and speech, speech being another form of winston 1984, actionto bring the whole life of it off through the completed gesture, so to speak. Restructuring Plan For Next Essay. I felt that I’d been writing too much by way of description, of introspection on winston the part of partnership, my characters. I tried to see if I could make everything shown, brought forth, without benefit of the author’s telling any more about what was going on inside the characters’ minds and hearts. For me, this makes almost certainly for winston 1984, comedywhich I love to write best of all. Now I see it might be a transition toward writing a play. Did you know what you were going to write before you put it on paper? Yes, it was there in my head, but events proliferated as I went along. For instance, I thought all the action in themes in the awakening, the novel would be contained in one day and night, but a folder started to fill up with things marked “Next A.M.” I didn’t foresee the stories that grew out winston smith of the Essay storiesthat was one of the joys of working the novel out. I thought the book would be short, and instead it was three or four times longer than my normal work.

There’s no way of estimating its original length because I had great chunks of things in winston smith 1984, paper clips, which weren’t numbered until they went to the printer. And I must have thrown away at least as much as I kept in the book. Did you learn anything new about writing dialogue? I believe so. Partnership In Care. In its beginning, dialogue’s the easiest thing in the world to winston smith write when you have a good ear, which I think I have. But as it goes on, it’s the most difficult, because it has so many ways to function.

Sometimes I needed to make a speech do three or four or five things at oncereveal what the character said but also what he thought he said, what he hid, what others were going to think he meant, and what they misunderstood, and so forthall in his single speech. Restructuring Proposed. And the speech would have to keep the essence of this one character, his whole particular outlook in concentrated form. This isn’t to smith 1984 say I succeeded. But I guess it explains why dialogue gives me my greatest pleasure in writing. I used to laugh out loud sometimes when I wrote itthe way P. G. Wodehouse is said to do. I’d think of some things my characters would say, and even if I couldn’t use it, I would write the scene out just to partnership let them loose on somethingmy private show. Sign up for the Paris Review newsletter and keep up with news, parties, readings, and more. Join the smith writers and staff of wisdom meaning, The Paris Review at our next event.

Visit our store to buy archival issues of the magazine, prints, T-shirts, and smith, accessories. This site was created in collaboration with StrickWilliams, Tierra Innovation, and the staff of The Paris Review .

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Planning and smith 1984, conducting a dissertation research project. This guide addresses the task of characters planning and conducting a small research project, such as for an undergraduate or masters level dissertation. Smith 1984? It aims to help you develop a clear sense of direction early on in the social war, project, and to support you in organising, planning, and monitoring your project. The companion guide Writing a dissertation focuses on the preparation of the written report or thesis. A dissertation is a particular kind of academic task. You will usually be asked to generate a topic for yourself; to 1984, plan and execute a project investigating that topic; and to write-up what you did and what your findings were. Important stages in the dissertation process include: choosing a topic; developing a research question; effective planning of the conventional wisdom, research; being organised and 1984, methodical while conducting your research; and reporting the research.

While some students come to their research project with a clear research question to Restructuring Proposed Gall, address, many others arrive at this point with several ideas, but with no specific research question. In view of the pressure to get started fairly quickly, this can cause anxiety and even panic. It is, however, a common situation to winston, be in. There are several ways forward: Remember that a research study can:

This list is not exhaustive, and conventional wisdom meaning, you need to check whether your department has a preference for particular kinds of research study. Discuss your proposed topic with a member of academic staff who you think might be appropriate to supervise the project. Provided they feel that they know enough about the 1984, subject to sacrifice maya, supervise it, and provided that it can be interpreted as falling within the broad fields of your degree subject, academic staff are generally open to 1984, suggestions. You should think realistically about the practical implications of Plan Proposed Gall your choice, in terms of: For example, a project on coal mining in the North East of winston 1984 England may require you to visit Newcastles Record Office, or to interview coal miners from the region. Is this something that you are prepared and partnership in care, able to do?

If the practical considerations associated with your research ideas are unrealistic, you need to consider whether you are willing to modify or reconsider your project. Once your topic has been accepted by your department, you need to begin the process of refining the topic and turning it into something that is focused enough to guide your project. Try describing it as a research problem that sets out: It is important that you establish a research problem at, or close to the start of, your project. Winston Smith 1984? It is one of the key tools you have, to ensure that your project keeps going in the right direction. Every task you undertake should begin with you checking your research problem and asking will this help me address this problem?. You should be willing to in narnia, revise your research problem as you find out more about your topic. Winston Smith 1984? You may, for example, discover that the conventional, data you were hoping to analyse is not available, or you may encounter a new piece of information or a new concept while undertaking a literature search, that makes you rethink the basis of smith 1984 your research problem.

You should always talk to your supervisor before you make any substantial revision to your plans, and explain why you think you need to make the change. Effective planning of the research. A research proposal is a more detailed description of the project you are going to undertake. Some departments require you to submit a research proposal as part of the assessment of social war your dissertation, but it is worth preparing one even if it is not a formal requirement of smith your course. It should build on the thinking that you have done in defining your research problem; on the discussions that you have had with your supervisor; and on early reading that you have done on the topic.

A comprehensive research proposal will make you think through exactly what it is that you are going to do, and will help you when you start to write up the project. You could try outlining your project under the following headings (Booth, Williams, Colomb, 2003. The craft of research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.): You may find that some of these headings are difficult to fill in social war, right at the start of your project. However, you can use the gaps to help identify where you need to begin work. If, for winston smith, example, you are unsure about the limitations of characters your methodology you should talk to winston, your supervisor and read a bit more about that methodology before you start. A dissertation is an extended project that asks you to manage your time and undertake a variety of tasks. Some courses schedule the dissertation at the end, while others have it running along concurrently with other modules. Whichever way your course is organised, it is essential that you create a plan that helps you allocate enough time to each task you have to maya, complete.

It is smith 1984, useful to work out themes awakening, how many weeks you have until you need to submit your completed dissertation, and draw a chart showing these weeks. Block out the weeks when you know you will be unable to work, and mark in other main commitments you have that will take time during this period. Then allocate research tasks to the remaining time. It is very important to be realistic about how long each task is likely to take. Some focused thought at the beginning, then at the planning stage of each phase, could save hours later on.

Write down the resources needed for winston smith, each stage. It could be time in the library; the resource of your working hours; or the use of equipment or room space that needs to be booked in advance. Some people find that they procrastinate more than they would like. This is Academic Restructuring Plan Essay, a common problem, so it is probably best to be well-prepared to winston 1984, identify it and Academic for Next, deal with it if it does start to happen. 1984? People procrastinate for various reasons for example: poor time management dauted by the scale of the task negative beliefs loss of motivation perfectionism difficulty concentrating need to feel under pressure personal problems. Early identification of the signs of procrastination will give you the best chance of minimising any negative effects. Once you suspect that you are procrastinating, it can be helpful to review what you are expecting of yourself, and Academic for Next, check that those expectations are realistic. This is where planning is vital.

To improve the winston 1984, prospect of completing on time, and avoiding procrastination, you need to: Your research plan should also include information about what equipment you will need to complete your project, and themes in the, any travel costs or other expenses that you are likely to incur through the winston, pursuit of your research. Characters In Narnia? You should also think about whether you are dependent on winston 1984, any one else to complete your project, and think about what you are going to do if they are unable to help you. Once you have created your plan it is a good idea to partnership, show it to winston smith, someone else. Ideally you will be able to partnership, show it to a member of academic staff or bring it to smith, the Learning Development, but talking it over with a friend may also help you to spot anything that you have forgotten or anywhere that you have been unrealistic in conventional meaning, your planning. Being organised and methodical while conducting your research. Although a dissertation is an 1984, opportunity for you to work independently, you will usually be allocated a member of academic staff as a supervisor. Gall Essay? Supervisors are there to help you shape your ideas and give you advice on how to conduct the winston 1984, research for your dissertation. Social War? They are not there to teach you the topic you have chosen to smith, investigate: this is your project. They are, however, one of the resources that you can call on during your research.

Academics are busy people, so to get the most out of your supervisor you will need to human maya, be organised and to take responsibility for the relationship. It is not your supervisors job to chase you into winston smith completing your dissertation, or to tell you how to manage the different stages of the project. To ensure that you get the most out of your supervisor you need to: If you are not happy with the in narnia, way you are being supervised, explain why to your supervisor or discuss the issue with your personal tutor. Regardless of whether you have been given a dissertation topic or you have developed your own ideas, you will need to be able to demonstrate the rationale for your research, and to describe how it fits within the wider research context in your area. To support you in doing this you will need to 1984, undertake a literature review, which is a review of material that has already been published, either in hard copy or electronically, that may be relevant for your research project.

Key tools that are available to help you, include: It is a good idea to make an appointment to see the awakening, librarian specialising in smith 1984, your subject. An information librarian should be able to give you advice on your literature search, and on how to manage the human maya, information that you generate. You will probably generate more references than you can read. Use the titles and winston smith, abstracts to decide whether the reference is worth reading in detail. Be selective by Academic Plan Proposed for Next Gall Essay concentrating on references that: Once you start reading, ensure that you think about what you are trying to get out of winston smith 1984 each article or book that you read. Your notes should enable you to write up your literature search without returning to the books you have read. Refer to the guides Effective Note Making, Referencing and Bibliographies, and sacrifice maya, Avoiding Plagiarism, for further help with note-making. For most research projects the winston smith 1984, data collection phase feels like the most important part.

However, you should avoid jumping straight into this phase until you have adequately defined your research problem, and the extent and limitations of conventional meaning your research. If you are too hasty you risk collecting data that you will not be able to use. Consider how you are going to store and retrieve your data. You should set up a system that allows you to: There are many systems that support effective data collection and retrieval. These range from winston smith 1984 card indexes and cross-referenced exercise books, through electronic tools like spreadsheets, databases and bibliographic software, to discipline-specific tools. You should talk about how you plan to store your data with your supervisor, an information librarian, or a study adviser in the Learning Development. As you undertake your research you are likely to awakening, come up with lots of ideas. Winston? It can be valuable to keep a record of these ideas on index cards, in a dedicated notebook, or in an electronic file. You can refer back to this ideas store when you start to write. They may be useful as ideas in themselves, and may be useful as a record of how your thinking developed through the research process.

A pilot study involves preliminary data collection, using your planned methods, but with a very small sample. It aims to test out your approach, and identify any details that need to be addressed before the main data collection goes ahead. For example, you could get a small group to partnership, fill in winston smith, your questionnaire, perform a single experiment, or analyse a single novel or document. When you complete your pilot study you should be cautious about reading too much into the results that you have generated (although these can sometimes be interesting). The real value of your pilot study is what it tells you about themes awakening, your method. Spend time reflecting on the implications that your pilot study might have for your research project, and make the necessary adjustment to your plan. Even if you do not have the time or opportunity to run a formal pilot study, you should try and reflect on your methods after you have started to generate some data. Once you start to generate data you may find that the research project is not developing as you had hoped. Do not be upset that you have encountered a problem. Research is, by its nature, unpredictable.

Analyse the situation. Think about what the winston, problem is and how it arose. Is it possible that going back a few steps may resolve it? Or is social war, it something more fundamental? If so, estimate how significant the winston, problem is to answering your research question, and try to calculate what it will take to resolve the situation. Changing the Proposed for Next Gall Essay, title is not normally the winston smith, answer, although modification of some kind may be useful. If a problem is intractable you should arrange to meet your supervisor as soon as possible. In Narnia? Give him or her a detailed analysis of the problem, and always value their recommendations. 1984? The chances are they have been through a similar experience and can give you valuable advice.

Never try to ignore a problem, or hope that it will go away. Also dont think that by seeking help you are failing as a researcher. Finally, it is Proposed Gall, worth remembering that every problem you encounter, and successfully solve, is potentially useful information in winston smith, writing up your research. So dont be tempted to skirt around any problems you encountered when you come to write-up. Rather, flag up these problems and show your examiners how you overcame them. As you conduct research, you are likely to realise that the topic that you have focused on partnership, is more complex than you realised when you first defined your research question. The research is still valid even though you are now aware of the greater size and smith 1984, complexity of the conventional, problem.

A crucial skill of the winston smith 1984, researcher is to in the, define clearly the boundaries of their research and to stick to them . You may need to refer to wider concerns; to a related field of literature; or to winston 1984, alternative methodology; but you must not be diverted into spending too much time investigating relevant, related, but distinctly separate fields. Starting to write up your research can be intimidating, but it is partnership in care, essential that you ensure that you have enough time not only to write up your research, but also to review it critically, then spend time editing and improving it. The following tips should help you to make the smith 1984, transition from in the research to writing: Remember that you can not achieve everything in winston smith, your dissertation. A section where you discuss Further Work at the end of your dissertation will show that you are thinking about the implications your work has for the academic community.

The companion study guide Writing a Dissertation focuses on social war, the process of writing up the 1984, research from your research project. Share this page: You can make an appointment to conventional, come and see us about any study-related queries you have. (if you are a University of Leicester student please use your university e-mail address)

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Science, Ethics and Intellectual Property Law: How Orphan Black Got It Completely Wrong. Written by: Jocelyn Bosse. Advisory: This article discusses major plot points from Season One of smith, Orphan Black . 3 Myth One: Patents are Forever 4 Myth Two: Anything can be Patented 5 Myth Three: Patents are Secret 6 Patents and National Security.

7 Ownership of Humans. 8 Legality of Cloning. Many ethical and legal issues which arise from recent technological and human maya scientific advances are explored in the cult television show, Orphan Black . Smith! [1] The protagonist, Sarah Manning, discovers that she is one of an unknown number of social war, illegal clones, and in her quest for answers, grapples with questions of identity and body autonomy. The issues are brought to a head in the season one finale, in which evolutionary developmental biologist (and one of the winston smith, clones), Cosima Niehaus, deciphers a synthetic DNA sequence in her genome to reveal a message: THIS ORGANISM AND DERIVATIVE GENETIC MATERIAL IS RESTRICTED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY. [2] Cosima informs the other clones: The synthetic sequence I told you about? Its a patent Were property Everything we are, everything we become: it belongs to [the Dyad Institute]. Despite being an excellent scientist, Cosimas remarks demonstrate serious ignorance of characters, current patent laws. Indeed, her interpretation of the message reflects many of the myths about intellectual property laws which are prevalent in real life, including that (a) patents are forever; (b) anything may be patented; and that, (c) patents are secret. Winston Smith! This article will debunk the intellectual property myths which appear in Restructuring Proposed Gall, the Orphan Black finale. Pursuant to some remarks by Cosimas lab partner in season two, the winston 1984, article will conclude with a discussion about the prevalent use of government secrecy orders over patents for the protection of national security, and characters some final notes about winston 1984 physical property rights and the legality of human cloning. Intellectual property like all law varies between countries. [3] Though filmed in human maya, Canada, the creators of Orphan Black have indicated that the show takes place in smith, Generica a hybrid of Canada and the United States of America. [4] However, the question of jurisdiction is further complicated by the existence of in narnia, clones across the globe, including England, Germany, Ukraine, Italy, Finland, Austria, France, and probably other nations.

Ever since the establishment of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1984, 1967, [5] there has been considerable harmonisation of patents laws across the globe. Despite the ambiguity of the shows jurisdiction, we can still make overall statements about the legal position of the clones in Orphan Black by reference to in care, international law and the patent laws of smith 1984, relevant countries (especially the USA, Canada, the EU, Australia, and characters New Zealand). 3 Myth One: Patents are Forever Unlike diamonds, patents rights do not extend in perpetuity. Instead, patents give a temporary monopoly to smith 1984, the inventor, during which time they may recoup their research and conventional wisdom development costs. Winston Smith 1984! Upon expiration of the patent, the conventional, invention enters the public domain. [6] The first patents under the Statute of Monopolies 1624 (UK) were granted for fourteen years, but since the signing of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPS), patents have a non-renewable term of twenty years. Winston Smith! [7] While term extensions are available under rare circumstances (e.g. delay in the application process in Canada, or the themes in the awakening, five-year pharmaceutical extensions in smith, Australia), none of those exceptions would apply to human clones.

In Canada, the 20-year term was introduced in October 1989; [8] however, the Orphan Black clones were born in sacrifice, 1984, [9] so any patents would have been subject to the previous rule that patents expired after 17 years. Given that the main Orphan Black clones are currently about 32 years old, we can safely assume that any purported patents on their genetic information would have expired more than a decade earlier. The genomic sequence tag which Cosima discovered was meaningless: any patented information would be in winston 1984, the public domain. 4 Myth Two: Anything can be Patented Under s 6 of the Statute of human sacrifice, Monopolies 1624 (UK), patents must not be contrary to the law, nor mischievous to the state or generally inconvenient. As for smith 1984, modern patent laws, Article 27 of the TRIPS Agreement allows countries to partnership in care, exclude patentable subject matter in order to protect ordre public and morality; this includes, for example, protection of human, animal or plant life or health, and smith 1984 the environment. Countries are also allowed to in narnia, exclude plants or animals (including humans) from winston smith 1984, patentability, and several nations have done just that. The TRIPS terminology was borrowed from borrowed from for Next Gall, Article 53(a) of the European Patent Convention (EPC), and winston smith 1984 the European Board of Appeals defined the concept of ordre public as covering the protection of public security and integrity of individuals as part of society. [10] The EU Directive on Biotechnological Inventions [11] clearly prohibits patents on themes awakening, human clones: 1. The human body , at winston smith 1984 the various stages of its formation and development, and the simple discovery of one of human sacrifice maya, its elements, including the sequence or partial sequence of a gene, cannot constitute patentable inventions 1. Inventions shall be considered unpatentable where their commercial exploitation would be contrary to ordre public or morality ; however, exploitation shall not be deemed to be so contrary merely because it is winston 1984, prohibited by law or regulation. 2. On the basis of paragraph 1, the following, in particular, shall be considered unpatentable: (a) processes for cloning human beings ; (b) processes for modifying the themes in the awakening, germ line genetic identity of human beings; (c) uses of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes; The Canadian Supreme Court has held that higher life forms (defined as multicellular organisms, including plants, mice, and winston smith humans) are not patentable subject matter. [12] Meanwhile, Australian legislation bans the patenting of human life in s 18(2) of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth): Human beings, and themes in the awakening the biological processes for their generation, are not patentable inventions. The Deputy Commissioner of Patents has held that s18(2) extends to any entity which might reasonably claim the status of a human being, so the genetically modified clones would still fall within that exception. [13] Likewise, human clones are excluded under s 15 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 for reasons of ordre public and morality. [14] The position is less concrete in the United States.

The US Patent and Trademark Office has granted a patent in 2001 for a method for winston, producing embryos from unfertilised eggs, to create cloned livestock. [15] Despite concerns that the patent would extend in to human cloning, the human sacrifice maya, USPTO maintained a policy of refusing patents for human-related cloning on the grounds of a purported violation of the 13th amendment to 1984, the US Constitution, which prohibits slavery. [16] Although the 13th amendment is no longer invoked, patents related to Academic Proposed for Next, human cloning are still not granted by the USPTO. As such, the Orphan Black clones would definitely not be subject to patents in 1984, the EU, Australia, New Zealand or Canada. The current USPTO policy also means that the Dyad Institute could not have obtained patents over the clones in in narnia, the United States. 5 Myth Three: Patents are Secret The original letters patent were developed in smith, the 1600s as a trade-off between inventors and conventional wisdom the Crown: the British monarch would grant a monopoly over the invention, while the details of the invention had to be fully disclosed for winston smith 1984, the benefit of social war, society. [17] Indeed, the word patent means open to observation, evident, obvious a patent is the antithesis of 1984, a secret invention. The full text of patents can be easily found online, using a variety of means: Google many patents are available through Google. For example, the patent for entertaining a cat with a laser pointer (dont panic, it lapsed back in 2007) is publicly available here ( https://www.google.com/patents/US5443036 ). International the UN World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) has a database of patent applications via Patentscope ( http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/ ). Note, however, that there is no such thing as an international patent WIPO merely facilitates the application process across different countries. Inventors must register their patents in every country in which they seek protection.

Canada the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) allows you to freely search their patents database here ( http://www.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/search/basic.html ). United States of America the US Patent and Trademark Office has a searchable register here ( http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/PTO/search-bool.html ). New Zealand the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand has their database here (https://www.iponz.govt.nz/about-ip/patents/search/). Europe the European Patent Office has a patent register called Espacenet (http://worldwide.espacenet.com/?locale=en_EP). Consequently, if the Dyad Institute had patented the characters in narnia, genetic information of the Orphan Black clones, it would be freely accessible on the patent register of each country where a patent was held, and probably available on Google. Smith 1984! Cosima could have avoided many hours of in narnia, scientific research into her own genome by simply looking up the winston 1984, patent numbers on the USPTO or CIPO Registers. Themes! Only one category of smith 1984, patents can be kept secret: those which are subject to themes in the awakening, secrecy orders in the interests of smith 1984, national defence. 6 Patents and National Security. In Season Two of Orphan Black , Cosima discusses the wisdom meaning, patents with her lab partner, who remarks that The Dyad was just a contractor. It could be a secret military patent. So, the question arises, what are secret military patents and smith what do they mean for the Orphan Black clones?

The tension between certain private rights and public rights in this case, intellectual property and human security leads to a difficult balancing act in the patent laws. Although disclosure is one of the hallmark principles of patent law, publication of the details of certain inventions can pose risks to national security, especially if they relate to chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. [18] Governments are often concerned that the information disclosed in patent documents will end up in the wrong hands, particularly patents on social war, weaponry and explosives which could be used by terrorist groups. There are also issues with potential misuse of dual-use technologies (those with current or potential military and civilian applications, e.g. ammonium nitrate, which could be used to produce propellant for ballistic missiles, but is mainly used in smith, the manufacture of fertilisers). Academic Restructuring Plan Gall Essay! [19] As such, some patents are temporarily made secret in order to protect national security. International Secrecy Orders. Article 73 of the TRIPS Agreement sets out Security Exceptions and provides that Member states need not furnish information where disclosure would be contrary to its essential security interests.

Likewise, Article 4 of the Patent Law Treaty 2000 (PLT) stipulates that nothing in this Treaty and the Regulations shall limit the freedom of a Contracting Party to take any action it deems necessary for the preservation of winston 1984, essential security interests. [20] Secrecy Orders in the USA. During World War I, the US Congress authorised the conventional, Patent and Trademark Office to temporarily classify certain defence-related patents in the interests on national security. [21] The legislation was extended during World War II to allow the Commissioner of Patents to prevent publication or disclosure of a patent where it might be detrimental to the public safety or defence, as well as to 1984, compensate the applicant if the subject matter of the patent is used by meaning the military. The laws were eventually replaced with the winston 1984, Invention Secrecy Act 1951 (US), which allows the American Federal Government to meaning, issue secrecy orders via the Commissioner of Patents, which are subject to an annual renewal process, except in times of war or national emergency. The use of these orders has been on winston, the rise: [22] 5,445 secrecy orders were in effect in 2013, and for Next Gall 5,579 in 2015. [23] For example, Juliet Marine Systems developed a stealth boat which was unexpectedly made subject to a secrecy order in October 2009, thereby forbidding them from filing patents overseas or disclosing anything to potential investors until the winston 1984, order was lifted two years later. Human Maya! [24]

In Canada, the Minister of National Defence may take ownership of a patent for any invention in instruments or munitions of war, [25] and has the power to 1984, make the invention secret under s 20(5). The inventor(s) become(s) subject to s 4 of the Security of Information Act , and are thereby banned from communication of any details of the invention without the authority of the themes in the awakening, Minister of winston, National Defence. Under s 20(9) of the Patents Act, the information may be kept secret until the expiration of the patent, or until it is characters in narnia, waived by winston 1984 the Minister. The Australian Department of Defence is empowered under s 152 of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) to prohibit the publication of the details of a patent application, at which point it must be handled by a patent examiner with the requisite security clearance. [26] The prohibition order may remain in force until the expiration of the patent, unless it is revoked by the Department of Defence. Similar provisions can be found in ss 132-134 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 . However, while Cosimas lab partner raised a very interesting point about the social war, potential use of secrecy orders over patents, the fact remains that human clones are not patentable (and if they were, the patents would have expired). There can be no secrecy order if there is no valid patent to begin with. As far as tangible property rights are concerned, the message in Cosimas genome asserted proprietary rights over winston, her body, and any derivative material. Since the social war, abolition of slavery, there has been a strict legal separation of property rights and personhood. In fact, property rights over human body parts have arguably been excluded from legal protection for two millennia: the Roman jurist, Ulpian, gave the maxim dominus membrorum suorum nemo videtur (no one is the owner of their own limbs), which has been interpreted in the English law to mean that a living human body cannot be the 1984, object of property rights. [27] In words of Justice Edelman of the Federal Court of Australia: Whatever meaning is themes, given to property, it is independent of winston smith 1984, personhood. The antithesis of wisdom meaning, property is personhood.

A living person can be the smith, holder of a property right but he or she cannot be the object of it. [28] The Romans would also consider the deceased clones to be res extra patrimonium and res extra commercium ; a corpse is Restructuring Plan Essay, generally inviolable and unsaleable. [29] In modern jurisprudence, the Supreme Court of California has affirmed the winston 1984, Roman principles: the Court in Moore v Regents of the University of California [30] rejected a property claim over Moores own body parts (his spleen, blood, skin, and sperm) which had been used without consent for themes in the, commercial purposes. Smith 1984! Justice Panelli, in the plurality judgment, remarked: [31] Neither the Court of Appeal's opinion, the parties' briefs, nor our research discloses a case holding that a person retains a sufficient interest in excised cells to support a cause of action for conversion. In Care! We do not find this surprising, since the winston smith 1984, laws governing such things as human tissues, transplantable organs, blood, fetuses, pituitary glands, corneal tissue, and dead bodies deal with human biological materials as objects sui generis, regulating their disposition to sacrifice, achieve policy goals rather than abandoning them to the general law of winston, personal property The ramifications of recognizing and enforcing a property interest in conventional wisdom meaning, body tissues are not known, but are greatly feared for the effect on human dignity of a marketplace in human body parts, the impact on 1984, research and development of competitive bidding for such materials, and the exposure of researchers to potentially limitless and partnership uncharted tort liability. As such, the Orphan Black clones (alive and whole, or otherwise) could not be subject to a proprietary claim from the Dyad Institute. The law is concerned with two main types of cloning: (i) therapeutic cloning , which is the 1984, use of conventional wisdom, clonally propagated stem cells for the purposes of scientific research and medical treatment, and winston smith 1984 (ii) reproductive cloning , in which a cloned embryo is implanted into a womb. [32] While therapeutical cloning is legal in many states, the Orphan Black clones were created by social war reproductive cloning, which is smith, generally illegal.

In March 2005, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Human Cloning, which called on maya, members to adopt all measures necessary to prohibit human cloning inasmuch as it is incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life. [33] The Declaration also called upon smith 1984, members to partnership, prohibit the application of winston smith, genetic engineering techniques that may be contrary to human dignity and to prevent the exploitation of women in sacrifice, the application of winston smith, life sciences. However, the Declaration has no binding authority over UN members, and would have no impact upon the legality of producing the Orphan Black clones. Article 3(d) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union explicitly prohibits reproductive human cloning. France, Germany, Austria, Italy and Russia have completely banned human cloning, to name a few. In the United Kingdom, reproductive cloning is banned, [34] while therapeutic cloning has been tightly regulated by the Human Fertilisation and Plan Gall Embryology Authority since 1990. [35] The Dyad Institute could not have (legally) produced the Orphan Black clones in the United Kingdom, nor any other EU member states. Furthermore, the Council of Europe has specifically banned reproductive cloning in the Convention on Human Rights with Regard to Biomedicine 1997, which held to smith, apply in European countries where no legislation has been passed to address the legality of themes awakening, human cloning. [36] Canada has a complete ban on human cloning, both therapeutic and reproductive, pursuant to 1984, s 5(1)(a) of the Assisted Human Reproduction Act 2004 . As such, the partnership, Orphan Black clones could not have been created there. Reproductive cloning is also banned in Australia under the Prohibition of winston, Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002 (Cth). Although the desire to improve scientific research and themes medical treatment meant that the ban on therapeutic cloning was lifted in 2006, [37] the reproductive cloning conducted by the Dyad Institute would still be illegal in Australia. [38] The picture is more complicated in the United States, where the winston 1984, Congress has repeatedly failed to enact legislation to social war, address human cloning, and 1984 there are no Federal laws with respect to human cloning. [39] Public funding for human cloning and stem cell research was restricted in 2001 under the Bush Administration, [40] but that would not be a barrier for a wealthy private institute like Dyad. [41] While fifteen states ban reproductive cloning, [42] the Dyad Institute could have produced the Orphan Black clones in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the Dyad Institute would have no legal control over Sarah Manning, Cosima Niehaus, or the other clones.

It is a complete myth that patents can be obtained over humans, so the clone-sisters would, in in care, fact, be autonomous individuals who are free from any legitimate claims to tangible or intellectual property rights. The mass-production of human clones by a malevolent corporation might still be pure science fiction, but the legal questions raised by Orphan Black are no less important to the real world. Winston 1984! Many countries particularly the United States are still struggling to pass legislation which adequately regulates therapeutic and reproductive cloning, which has significant consequences for medical research and assisted reproduction. Furthermore, the use of Plan for Next Gall Essay, government secrecy orders illustrates the difficult balancing act between the protection of national security, and winston smith the promotion of human maya, private innovation. While the fictional clones in Orphan Black are (incorrectly) concerned by the Dyad Institutes intellectual property rights over winston smith, their bodies, real people across the globe stand to benefit, or suffer, from the enforcement of in care, poorly-understood patent laws, and winston 1984 the legislative control of human cloning. [1] BBC America, Orphan Black (16 June 2016) http://www.bbcamerica.com/shows/orphan-black/. The first season aired in March-June 2013. [2] Tim Surette, Orphan Black Season 1 Finale Review: Same, Same But Different (2 June 2013) TV.com http://www.tv.com/news/orphan-black-season-1-finale-review-same-same-but-different-137002406553/. The DNA tag was based on partnership, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) coded basepairs. [3] Article 4 bis , Paris Convention for smith 1984, the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 . [4] Marsha Lederman, How Canada is becoming the Proposed for Next Essay, sci-fi nation, The Globe and Mail (online), 13 April 2013 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/television/how-canada-is-becoming-the-sci-fi-nation/article11157191/?page=2.

[5] Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization , signed at Stockholm on 14 July 1967. WIPO administers the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 , which deals with patents and related rights. [6] Lionel Bently and Brad Sherman, Intellectual Property Law (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed, 2009) 335. [7] Article 33: The term of winston smith, protection available shall not end before the expiration of a period of twenty years counted from the filing date. See also: Patents Act 1990 (Cth) s 67. [8] Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 44. [9] Orphan Black Wiki, Sarah Manning (21 June 2016) http://orphanblack.wikia.com/wiki/Sarah.

[10] Robin Ramcharan, Intellectual Property and Security: A Preliminary Exploration (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 130. [11] Council Directive 98/44/EC on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions [1998] OJ L 213/13, art 5-6. [12] Harvard College v Canada (Commissioner of social war, Patents) [2002] 4 SCR 45 [155]. [13] See Re Luminis Pty Ltd Fertilitescentrum AB (2004) 62 IPR 420. [14] Relevantly, the New Zealand legislation lists the following exceptions: (i) a process for cloning human beings, (ii) a process for modifying the germ line genetic identity of human beings, and (iii) the winston smith, use of in the awakening, human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes. [15] US 6211429 B1 Complete oocyte activation using an oocyte-modifying agent and a reducing agent (Priority Date: 18 June 1997) http://google.com/patents/US6211429.

[16] Andrew Pollack, Debate on Human Cloning Turns to Patents, The New York Times (online), 17 May 2002 http://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/17/us/debate-on-human-cloning-turns-to-patents.html. [17] Mark J Davison, Ann L Monotti and Leanne Wiseman, Australian Intellectual Property Law (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed, 2012) 409. [18] Robin Ramcharan, Intellectual Property and 1984 Security: A Preliminary Exploration (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 127. [20] The treaty entered into force in 2005, though Canada and Germany have not yet acceded. [21] Act of 6 October 1917, ch 95, 42, 40 Stat 394. [22] G W Schultz, Government Secrecy Orders on human sacrifice, Patents have Stifled more than 5000 Inventions https://www.wired.com/2013/04/gov-secrecy-orders-on-patents/. 1984! There is a heavy penalty upon those who breach a secrecy order: a fine of up to $10,000 or up to 2 years imprisonment. [23] Federation of American Scientists, Invention Secrecy Activity (as reported by the Patent Trademark Office) http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/invention/stats.html. [24] Caroline Winter, This Stealth Attack Boat May Be Too Innovative for the Pentagon (22 August 2014) Bloomberg Businessweek http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-08-21/juliet-marines-ghost-boat-will-be-hard-sell-to-u-dot-s-dot-navy. [25] Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 20(1). [26] Bill McFarlane, How to Keep a Secret: Prohibition Orders on Patents (25 August 2012) http://www.mondaq.com/australia/x/193566/Patent/how+to+register+a+patent.

[27] R v Bentham [2005] UKHL 18 [14] (Lord Rodger), citing D.9.2.13pr (Ulpian). Following the characters, Australian High Court decision of Doodeward v Spence (1908) 6 CLR 406, the principle has seen modern adaptation in cases which concern the posthumous use of sperm samples for in vitro fertilization (IVF), which eroded the previous hostility of the English courts towards consideration of smith, human biological material as property: Jonathan Yearworth Ors v North Bristol NHS Trust [2009] 2 All ER 986; for an American example, see Hecht v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County (1993) 20 Cal. Rptr. 2d 275. [28] James Edelman, Property Rights to our Bodies and their Products (2015) 39(2) University of Western Australia Law Review 47, 53. [29] Henk AMJ Ten Have and conventional wisdom meaning Jos VM Welie (eds), Ownership of the Human Body: Philosophical Considerations on winston, the Use of the Academic Plan Proposed for Next, Human Body and its Parts in Healthcare (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) 69.

[30] (1990) 51 Cal. 1984! 3d 120. [31] The opinion from Panelli J was joined by Lucas, Eagleson and Kennard JJ, Arabian J concurring. [32] See Australian Stem Cell Foundation, Fact Sheet 4: Therapeutic Cloning (July 2010) http://www.stemcellfoundation.net.au/docs/fact-sheets/fact-sheet-4---therapeutic-cloning-(somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer).pdf. [33] General Assembly Adopts United Nations Declaration on Human Cloning by Vote of social war, 84-34-37 (8 March 2005) http://www.un.org/press/en/2005/ga10333.doc.htm.

[34] Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001 (UK), which was repealed and superseded by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (UK). Section 3 of the winston, 2008 Act forbids reproductive cloning. [35] Ruth Deech, Regulation of partnership in care, therapeutic cloning in the UK (2002) 5(1) Reproductive BioMedicine Online 7, 9. The cloning regulations under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (UK) were challenged in the UK High Court by winston smith the ProLife Alliance in conventional, November 2001, which triggered the enactment of emergency legislation. See David Adam, Loophole Legalizes Human Cloning (2001) 414 Nature News 381. [36] The Convention is relevant, for example, in smith 1984, The Additional Protocol to characters, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine, on smith, the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings was passed in 2001, and Article 1 prohibits any intervention seeking to create a human being genetically identical to another human being alive or dead. [37] Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction and sacrifice the Regulation of smith 1984, Human Embryo Research Amendment Act 2006 (Cth). [38] Simon Grose, Australia grants license for therapeutic cloning (2008) 14 Nature Medicine 1134. [39] Many bills have been introduced, e.g.

HR4808 - Stem Cell Research Advancement Act of 2009, but never passed. Issues related to abortion have been a key barrier to in care, the successful enactment of human cloning legislation over the years, while the strong lobbying efforts of the biotechnology industry was partially behind the failure to enact laws in the late 1990s. The Food and winston smith 1984 Drug Administration has claimed authority over reproductive cloning, but it seems unlikely that its purported regulatory jurisdiction would stand up to characters, legal challenge. See http://www.npr.org/news/specials/cloning/faq_blanknav.html. [40] The 2001 statement was supplemented by Executive Order 13435 of June 20, 2007.

[41] Stem cell research funding was restored in 2009 under the Obama Administration: President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13505 Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells on winston, 9 March 2009. The Order made no comment on awakening, human cloning. [42] Reproductive cloning is banned in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, North Dakota, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Florida, Georgia, and Virginia.

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Kellogg Video Essay: Practice Here. Why do you think MBAs are so sought after by employers? Why are they able to command the salaries they do? The answer is that employers are looking for the best and winston the brightest to take on leadership roles within their organizations. A lot of people assume that companies recruit MBAs for their intelligence combined with two years of practical training. While thats partly true, the reality is that MBAs arent the smartest people out there in absolute (there are a myriad of grad and PhD students out there that far surpass the average MBA in raw intelligence).

Beyond that, anybody could buy a bunch of business textbooks online and partnership acquire a lot of the knowledge one would otherwise obtain in the MBA classroom. I said that employers are looking for winston, the best and the brightest but actually they are looking for an elusive combination of best and brightest. The bright part you can learn but the Restructuring best part tends to 1984, be something intrinsic to the individual herself. In that sense an MBA can round out someone with natural potential but an MBA can never transform someone without it. Bright (smart with practical business training) + Best (a natural leader: friendly, charming, persuasive, a self-assured public speaker with the soft skills essential for human maya, a manager) = MBA. Kellogg (like every other school) cares about winston 1984 personality, communication style, and the likability of applicants. I call this presenting well (and that doesnt mean being a PowerPoint ninja). Most schools screen for this during their interview process. But if you think about human sacrifice maya it, thats a very inefficient strategy because the Adcom doesnt really have a sense of what percentage of the candidates it invites to interview will present well until they walk through the door. By that time the Adcom is stuck choosing the incoming class from the winston 1984 pool it interviewed. Meaning. Maybe 80% will present well, maybe only winston 30% will.

Kellogg wants to interview a cohort of applicants in which 100% present well. Thats why Kellogg is pre-screening applicants via the human video essay. NYU Stern does the same thing via their Personal Expression Essay. Winston Smith. Chicago Booth and MIT Sloan do it via their optional multimedia essays. In the video essays, Kellogg isnt looking for the best orators students will have time to hone their communication and presentation skills in Kelloggs courses and clubs. Likewise, they are not looking for any particular opinion or response. They just want to see what you, the unpolished candidate, look like in a spontaneous situation. As such, the your main job is to be yourself to in narnia, relax, feel comfortable, and smith communicate naturally as they would if they were talking to a friend. The flip side of that is that if you memorize answers and recite them verbatim youll come off as very robotic. I had a candidate one year that wrote out, word for word, and then memorized answers to every question the Adcom could possibly put to wisdom meaning, him during an interview. Smith. He sent me a video of maya himself interviewing and 1984 I was shocked by how bizarrely he came across: He didnt make any of the natural pauses in his spoken language that people do when they are answering a spontaneous question.

He spoke rapidly and incessantly in a bizarre monotone with no facial expression or hand gesturing to punctuate what he was saying. Thats because he wasnt thinking about what he was saying, he was reciting what he had already memorized. No amount of characters in narnia coaching from me was able to undo the damage and smith 1984 it resulted in Restructuring Gall Essay some deeply painful rejections from top five business schools. He thought that he could outsmart the system but ultimately he shot himself in smith the foot. Heres what Kelloggs Adcom tells us about human their video essay: The Video Essays provide applicants with an additional opportunity to demonstrate what they will bring to winston smith 1984, our vibrant Kellogg community in an interactive way. Sacrifice. Each applicant will complete two short video essay questions. The questions are designed to 1984, bring to maya, life the person we have learned about on winston, paper. After submitting a completed application, each applicant will be asked to human sacrifice maya, complete two Video Essay Questions. One will be about the 1984 candidates interest in Kellogg and the other will be a getting to know you type of question.

Heres what you need to know about Kelloggs video essay: After you submit your application to Kellogg, the video essay will become available to you in characters your Kellogg applicant dashboard. You have one week after the application deadline to complete the video essay. If you submit in Round 1 you need to complete the winston essay by October 2nd, if you submit in sacrifice Round 2 you need to submit by January 18th. Smith 1984. There are two video essay responses you will give, one axed on your interest in Kellogg while the other will be more axed around you. Before you give your actual response youll have up to maya, 10 practice questions to get comfortable with the video interface. When you give your official video responses youll have 20 seconds to think about the question and then one minute to smith, respond to it. II Common Kellogg Video Essay Questions. This year Kellogg has decided to share the first question with applicants ahead of time. Themes. The Kellogg question is: What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and why is this program right for you?

This is the typical Career Goals/Why MBA? question condensed down into a one-minute format. Most applicants will take the winston smith time to prepare the in care question prior to their video interview. Here is how you might structure that response. Goals : State your short long term goals. Give an example or two of the type of winston smith company youd like to work at human sacrifice maya, post-MBA as well as the role you hope to interview for. Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal.

Action Plan : Is your transition to 1984, role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the answer is: not completely. How will you prepare yourself for in the, your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)? Growth Plan : Think about what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at business school to smith, work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show. Cultural : What about themes awakening Kellogg really resonates with you? What excites you? This is where you really want to winston smith 1984, bring the charm and your excitement at the prospect of being a part of the Kellogg community. In The. Mention one thing you might gain and one thing you might contribute. Kelloggs second video essay question will be axed around you.

Typically its either a personal question, a behavioral question or an opinion-based question. In section III (below) you have an opportunity to practice giving answers using a video interview software and 30 questions from 1984 previous years. III Practice giving a Kellogg Video Essay: Record Playback. The problem with video (and watching yourself on video) is that it is partnership in care, almost always a traumatic process. People tend to be overly self-critical so if you do record yourself practicing for Kelloggs video interview dont allow the process to undermine your self-confidence. Winston Smith. Avoid becoming preoccupied with small, inconsequential issues such as hand-gestures or body language, because that may potentially sabotage your ability to just naturally be yourself. Sacrifice. The goal of 1984 practicing should be to improve your ability to think and speak spontaneously. So heres the cool part! You can click on the record button below and an interactive video recorder will open and allow you can record, play back and themes re-record video of yourself answering Kelloggs questions. Your browser doesn't support Adobe Flash, sorry. Please install Adobe Flash plugin.

Get Flash Player. Ive hidden the winston smith 1984 Kellogg questions behind spoiler tabs so you dont accidentally read all of them at first glance. There are 2 questions in every section. Take some time to actually practice looking at a question for the first time, giving yourself 20 seconds to prepare an answer, and then another 60 seconds to answer. Then go back and watch the video of yourself. What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and why is social war, this program right for you?

Goals : State your short long term goals. Give an example or two of the winston smith type of company youd like to work at post-MBA as well as the role you hope to sacrifice maya, interview for. Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal. Action Plan : Is your transition to role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the answer is: not completely. How will you prepare yourself for your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)? Growth Plan : Think about 1984 what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at business school to work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show. Cultural : What about Kellogg really resonates with you? What excites you? This is conventional, where you really want to bring the 1984 charm and your excitement at the prospect of being a part of the characters in narnia Kellogg community.

Mention one thing you might gain and 1984 one thing you might contribute. 2. Tell us about how you overcame an social war, obstacle. 4. If you could keep one of your personal strengths, possibly losing one or more of the others, which would you choose? 6. What kind of a team player are you? 8. Winston Smith. When you leave your job for b-school, what will your teammates miss most about you? 10. Tell us about someone you admire, and why.

2. Tell me about a time that you disagreed with a colleague and how did you handle it? 4. Tell us about a time when your idea was challenged. 6. Meaning. Tell us about winston smith 1984 a time when you were on social war, a team and there was disagreement among team members. What did you do? 8. Tell us about 1984 a time when you were pleasantly surprised by a work situation. 10. Social War. Please describe a creative solution that you have come up with for winston, a problem.

2. If you were going to donate $1M to human maya, the university, how would you want it spent? 4. Winston Smith 1984. Tell us, in your view, one downside for business due to globalization. 6. Discuss your thoughts about the following statement: Business leaders are the worlds new role models and they are failing. IV Kellogg Video Essay Tips on conventional, Lighting, Clothing Location Selection. You can use a couple of winston smith floor lights and perhaps a clamp or desk light to achieve this lighting set-up. Youll need two key lights and human maya one fill light. The key lights are placed about 2-3 feet away from you at about a 35 degree angle from your nose. Smith 1984. The key lights help eliminate any shadows (they literally fill in wisdom meaning every crevice in your face from both the left and smith the right).

The fill light should be placed behind you, angled towards the top of Academic Plan for Next Gall your head. The fill light helps to differentiate the top of your head and shoulders from the background. Without it people look more two-dimensional on film. I use 100 watt equivalent florescent bulbs and Rosco Tough White #3026 diffusion paper $6/sheet ( you can purchase it at BH by smith 1984, clicking here ). That said, the diffusion paper is more for shooting high def video with a high quality camera (it might not make any difference if youre just filming with a webcam). Kellogg Video Essay: Background Location. Whatever background or location you choose, Id advise you to stay away from windows altogether because it can cause overexposure and other lighting problems. Notice how the right side of this persons face is lit up and the left side is in shadow? Thats because of the window behind him.

If you decide to film at home or in the office, look for a small space without a lot going on in the background. Themes In The Awakening. The first two slides in the presentation below illustrate what you dont want a wide angle view of the entire office. Look for a corner or small space with a limited amount wall hangings and other decorations in winston view. I recently saw this video which was created by a student applying to themes awakening, NYU Stern . The picture is from the winston smith video. The living room is too busy with flowers, furniture, lots of pictures and awakening stenciling on the wall. The shot is from too far away ideally you want just your head and shoulders visible. Finally the candidates shirt looks disheveled I feel like he just ate a turkey dinner and had to undo a few buttons :/ Id highly suggest buying a roll of Savage Seamless Background Paper for 1984, $10 here . Human. Youre going to winston 1984, need 53? x 12 yards (no more and no less). Personally I use Thunder Gray for my videos but you can buy whatever color you like. Social War. Keep in smith mind that red, yellow and orange might cause you to look sort of red, yellow or orange yourself.

If you want to play it safe go for any shade of gray, blue, purple or beige. In Care. Below youll find examples of some of the colors Savage offers. If you want to achieve the effect on the left hand side, youll need a light behind your chair pointing at the paper which will create a gradient effect and also remove the shadow your head casts on the paper. So youll have to add a fourth light to your three-point lighting set-up or a second light to your ring light set-up. The right hand version is done with just lighting pointed at winston smith 1984, the subject and creates a much flatter background effect. Either is fine.

In general you want to partnership in care, avoid black and white because they are such saturated colors they tend to dominate a scene. If youre using a color background then you want to wear neutral colors (gray, beige). If you are using a gray, white, black or beige background then you can wear a color that looks good on you. The idea is to winston, have one focal color in the shot (either the background or your top/shirt). Ideally just your head and shoulders should be visible in the shot so both men and women are going to want to choose a shirt or top that pretty much comes all the way up to your neck or collar bone. Social War. The video essay is winston, supposed to assess how well youll fit in the Kellogg community so think about Restructuring Plan Proposed Gall Essay what you might wear to class at Kellogg.probably something nice but casual right? You dont want to look like Donald Trump in your video you want to look smart, friendly and laid back. Guys : Wear a solid-colored, rounded-neck, t-shirt or wear a solid-colored button down shirt (light gray looks good on everyone). While a t-shirt might seem too casual to wear to an interview, on winston 1984, camera it will look clean and the solid material will make you pop. Social War. Id ditch the suit jacket and tie because honestly there wont be enough of it in the shot and its just going to winston smith, add yet another color to the mix.

Ladies : Here are some things to avoid based on partnership, my own trials and errors filming professional videos. Wearing a scoop or deep v-neck tends to give viewers the impression that something is missing (i.e. Winston Smith. youll look strangely naked) when the shot is only of your head and partnership shoulders. Thin and flimsy materials dont look great on camera so avoid silk, polyester and anything that lacks shape or clings to winston, your body. Id avoid wearing a suit jacket because honestly there wont be enough of characters it in a head and shoulders shot and its just going to smith 1984, add yet another color to the mix. What will look great is anything with a high, rounded neckline one that comes up to your collarbone or neck. Youll look great in a rounded-neck, solid colored t-shirt. While that might seem too casual to wear to an interview, on social war, camera it will look clean and the solid material will make you pop.

Cashmere is another material that always looks good on video because its a thick and has a matte finish. A solid-colored button down shirt would also be a good choice. Would I recommend Leah? Oh yes, without a doubt. She truly helped me in ways I could not imagine, and I am so excited to be going to business school this fall. Leah's creativity is unmatched which is exemplified with the stupendous work she did on my Chicago Booth Essays.

Her work ethic and willingness to spend as much as time it takes to get the right answer is winston smith 1984, incredible. I finally had multiple offers from top schools (Kellogg, LBS, Booth) while I was waitlisted at HBS.