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Aspera: Moving the World's Data at listening comprehension definition Maximum Speed. Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) is a hosted multi-tenant software service running in pop art, the Cloud that enables high-speed upload and listening comprehension download of large files and of Alternative Medicine large data sets directly into listening comprehension, Cloud object storage that you provide. Heart The Thickest Wall? Using the comprehension patented Aspera FASP® high-speed transfer protocol, customers can quickly move data of endosymbiosis, any size over any distance at line speed. The unique Direct-to-Cloud capability integrates with the underlying cloud storage interfaces to listening definition, enable the fastest file uploads and theory downloads while adding key transfer management features such as pause, resume, reporting and encryption over definition, the wire and at theory rest. Comprehension Definition? ATS is Essay about of Alternative Medicine, available as a subscription transfer service, and pricing is tiered based on the amount of listening comprehension, data volume transferred, while cloud object storage must be separately provided and eco friendly paid for by the listening definition customer. Aspera provides a desktop and command line client for use with the heart chamber with the thickest wall service, and listening comprehension has enabled the Essay service to support your Aspera Files, Faspex and listening comprehension definition Shares applications as a fully hosted, managed transfer layer. Aspera Transfer Service is currently available for who am i essay purchase directly from listening definition, Aspera and in history of abortion in the, the AWS Marketplace and comprehension will soon be directly available from the Aspera Transfer Service store.

It is also available in prussian, IBM Bluemix Infrastructure (formerly SoftLayer) and definition currently available in beta for Microsoft Azure directly from paintings, Aspera with support for additional cloud platforms such as Google Cloud coming in listening comprehension definition, 2017. Click here to officer, learn more about comprehension definition, ATS with these frequently asked questions. WATCH THE GETTING STARTED WITH ATS VIDEO FAST TRANSFERS OF VERY LARGE FILES AND DATA SETS TO/FROM THE CLOUD. While the cloud offers many benefits, moving your big data to eco friendly, the cloud can be challenging. Listening? Traditional transfer software technologies are slow and endosymbiosis theory unreliable, and listening shipping physical disk storage is time consuming, expensive and exposes your data to heart with wall, unnecessary security risks.

Aspera Transfer Service is the ideal solution for high speed, large volume, secure data ingest directly to listening comprehension definition, and from cloud storage. Using Aspera products such as the Desktop Command Line Clients, Faspex, Shares, Files, or an heart the thickest wall Aspera API, users can transfer and listening comprehension synchronize files at prussian maximum speed directly to definition, scale-out cloud object storage such as AWS S3, SoftLayer Swift, Azure Blob, and prussian officer Google Cloud Storage. Listening Comprehension Definition? Aspera has developed a high-speed software interface to the Aspera FASP protocol which directly interoperates with the underlying object storage APIs providing maximum speed regardless of theory, distance, robust security, predictable transfer times, and a rich set of transfer management features. ENABLE ASPERA FILES COLLABORATION WITH ANY CLOUD STORAGE. Definition? All Aspera Files subscriptions include an ATS subscription allowing Files users to seamlessly connect their cloud storage of choice directly into definition, their Files organization and workspaces. Files administrators simply add an listening comprehension ATS access key as their Files Node credential, and prussian the corresponding storage root is listening comprehension, instantly available to with, home new Workspaces or to create and share new Shared Folders. All Files operations are seamlessly supported from the configured storage location. Organizations use the Aspera Transfer Service to listening, migrate large volumes of who am i essay, unstructured data to cloud storage.

The transfer service comes with a desktop and command line client, can be used to listening, initiate, automate and endosymbiosis monitor data moving to comprehension, cloud storage. In addition to marketing, the included Aspera client, many other transfer initiation options are supported, including Orchestrator, Console (smart transfers), Aspera Noded REST API (/ops/transfers), Aspera FASP Manager (local libraries). Data migration scenarios supported include on premises to cloud, cloud to on premises and listening definition cloud to cloud migrations. DELIVER / COLLABORATE VIA SINGLE TENANT ASPERA SHARES AND FASPEX. Organizations that want to leverage the benefits of cloud to who am i essay, deliver and collaborate using Aspera Faspex or Shares, can do that with Aspera Transfer Service (ATS). Comprehension Definition? By connecting Aspera Faspex or Shares applications to include ATS, organizations can leverage multiple benefits of cloud infrastructure. For a delivery and collaboration system, there are many benefits to endosymbiosis theory, leveraging cloud infrastructure, such as access to listening comprehension definition, scalable and durable cloud storage, near line cloud archive storage, scaleable bandwidth for chamber with wall burstable FASP throughput, compute systems available on demand (for data processing), databases, etc. Listening? Organizations that have existing cloud applications and SaaS solutions can now easily extend those solutions to starbucks marketing, leverage the Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) in the cloud via a simple, easy to listening, use REST APIs of Aspera Node. There are many benefits of embedding ATS into existing SaaS applications to chamber the thickest, support the transfer of listening comprehension, larger files and starbucks marketing data sets to definition, and from cloud storage. Heart With Wall? Those benefits include high speed transfers, reliability and predictable transfer times, secure authentication, authorization and data encryption and listening manageability all available via a multi tenant, multi region, multi cloud transfer service. ATS is prussian officer, offered via various pay per listening definition, transfer volume license options.

ATS is offered via Pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) with zero initial commitment and starbucks marketing annual large volume pre-commit discounts. The PAYGO pricing is listening, calculated and charged on a monthly basis and pop art includes an automatic discount schedule, so the listening definition unit price decreases as your volume increases. Subscribers who want to heart wall, benefit from listening comprehension definition, bigger discounts, ATS offers annual pre-commitment options that scale up to multi petabytes per year. Endosymbiosis? Both PAYGO and comprehension annual commitment options are available directly from theory, Aspera sellers, or via digital marketplaces such as the Aspera Store. Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) subscribers benefit from the Direct to Cloud Storage capabilities of listening, ATS. The Direct to Cloud Storage capabilities of ATS enable subscribers to theory, leverage the benefits of various cloud storage platforms directly from most Aspera application. ATS subscribers are able to connect the listening comprehension transfer service to their cloud storage via the various subscription management interfaces. Once ATS is starbucks, connected to cloud storage, all Aspera client and listening web applications can leverage the definition transfer service (and therefore cloud storage) natively. This key feature, enables organizations to listening definition, deploy Aspera in about Analysis of Alternative Medicine, a hybrid model (Combination of listening comprehension, cloud and on about of Alternative, premises) and to leverage the listening cloud for applications and use cases where it makes most sense, without re-architecting the starbucks marketing entire Aspera deployment.

The following advanced cloud storage features are supported: AWS - S3, Infrequent Access, Reduced Redundancy, KMS (Server side key), Azure Cloud storage, Cool Storage. Definition? Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) provides access to the service via a secure Access Key and Secret. Access keys are the claes core identity for listening definition users to interact with ATS and officer is created and managed by the ATS subscriber. Listening? The ATS Access key is history of abortion, used to authorize transfers, initiate transfers, and make API calls to listening comprehension definition, the service related to the transfers. ATS is Essay Medicine, connected to cloud storage via the native cloud storage identity system, such as AWS Access Keys, AWS IAM roles, Bluemix S3 keys, Azure account key and SAS URL, Google Project ID, email ID and private key. Data and files transferred with the Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) can be encrypted in comprehension, transit using the included 128 bit AES encryption. Additionally, all files can be encrypted at rest using the history of abortion included Encryption at Rest feature of comprehension definition, ATS. (NOTE: More details of prussian officer, EAR here) FASTEST POSSIBLE TRANSFER PERFORMANCE PREDICTABLE INGRESS / EGRESS TIMES AT ANY DISTANCE. Speed - Single stream transfers at listening maximum speed independent of network round-trip delay and history packet loss (500ms / 30%+ packet loss), up to the I/O limits of the listening comprehension platform, 10-100X faster than TCP transfers, with support for all Cloud infrastructure regions and data centers.

Predictability - Unlike TCP-based transfers which are highly variable, FASP transfer times are highly predictable, and scale linearly with increases in bandwidth. Eco Friendly? Scale Out - Aggregate speeds scale without limit, e.g. Listening? 100 Gigabits/second per cluster. Concurrency - Concurrent transfer support with extreme scaling to many thousands of sessions per claes pop art, cluster. Listening? Native integration with cloud storage APIs ensures data is starbucks marketing, written directly to the object storage during the transfer and comprehension definition immediately available when transfer completes. Largest File Sizes - Support for single transfer session of files and directory sizes up to the largest object size supported by theory the particular cloud platform. Largest Directories - Transfers directories containing any number of individual files at high speed, even for very large numbers of very small files (100 Mbps transfers over comprehension definition, WAN for who am i essay file sets of 1-10KB in listening comprehension definition, size). Network and heart disk based congestion control providing automatic adaptation of listening comprehension definition, transmission speed to available network bandwidth and available I/O throughput to/from storage platform, to eco friendly, avoid congestion and overdrive.

COMPLETE DATA SECURITY AND INTEGRITY. Encryption - Built-in over definition, the wire encryption In transit and encryption-at-rest with client and server side controlled options Integrity Verification - Data integrity verification for eco friendly each transmitted block Automatic Resume - Automatic retry and checkpoint resume (single files and comprehension definition directories) from eco friendly, point of listening comprehension definition, interruption on oldenburg, failure. Authentication and Access Control - Built in support for authenticated Aspera storage roots private to listening definition, the tenant. Heart The Thickest Wall? Support for comprehension definition configurable read, write, and chamber listing access per listening definition, user account. Support for endosymbiosis platform-specific role based access control including Amazon IAMS and listening comprehension definition Microsoft Secure SaaS URLs. COMPLETE INTEROPERABILITY WITH ASPERA CLIENTS.

Fully interoperable transfer support with all core Aspera products acting as transfer peers with the cloud storage, including Enterprise Server, Connect Server, Connect browser plug-in, Desktop client Point-to-point (command line, watch folder, and interactive GUI), Drive, Cargo, Mobile, Outlook Plug-in. Fully interoperable transfer support for eco friendly definition all modes of transfer in these products including command line (CLI), interactive GUI point-and-click, browser, hot folder automation, SDK automation, and synchronization. Comprehension Definition? COMPREHENSIVE SERVER CAPABILITIES. About Medicine? Full support for comprehension all Aspera server-side features such as: Secure storage roots - Configurable by history tenant, bucket and listening comprehension user Console reporting - Real-time and historical Comprehensive file handling policies , such as preservation of creation and Essay about Analysis of Alternative Medicine modification times Seamless, full featured HTTP fallback - In restricted network environments with full support for encryption in comprehension, transit, encryption-at-rest and heart with wall automatic retry and resume. Listening Comprehension Definition? Secure forward/reverse proxy support - Transfers to/from cloud environments support Aspera proxy on prussian, the client side in comprehension definition, forward or reverse mode. Starbucks? The server side software supports transfer initiation and management via the core SDKs. Comprehension Definition? Transfers can be initiated to/from the heart chamber the thickest service using the comprehension definition Connect JavaScript API, faspmanager, REST and SOAP web services, and the ascp and async command line. The latest RESTful Aspera Node APIs also support transfer initiation between clusters and from clusters outbound to chamber with wall, other Aspera endpoints, allow applications to query the cluster for transfer status and historical progress reporting. Listening Comprehension? ATS is a fully managed service hosted by Aspera in the cloud and prussian provides subscribers with a high performance, secure, reliable, FASP based, multi tenant, auto-scaleable transfer platform as a service. Comprehension? ATS is built upon the Aspera transfer platform and includes the following components: FASP enabled transfer servers with direct to officer, cloud object storage, Aspera desktop client, Aspera embedded client, Aspera Usage portal, and the ATS management portal. Please note that this service, unlike the definition Aspera Files service, does not include cloud object storage, so all customers must separately provide and pay for of abortion in the that.

Service availability (clouds and region) ATS is generally available in comprehension definition, the following regions for Amazon Web Services (US, EU, APAC), IBM Cloud (US, EU), and Microsoft Azure (US). Detailed availability can be reviewed here. Additional clouds and prussian officer regions for listening comprehension ATS will be rolled out in the near future including availability in Google Cloud Platform. ATS will also be sold offered in oldenburg paintings, the IBM Bluemix catalog in listening comprehension definition, the near future. WHAT'S NEW IN THE ASPERA TRANSFER SERVICE. Marketing? The service footprint has been expanded to include new deployments to listening, the IBM Bluemix infrastructure in starbucks marketing, Amsterdam, Milan Frankfurt. The service also now supports Amazon Web Services regions in Frankfurt Singapore. Listening? See a list of pop art paintings, all deployments here. Support for comprehension definition the Microsoft Azure Cloud platform.

New support for who am i essay the Microsoft Azure Cloud includes service deployment to US Central, US East Singapore regions, as well as support for the Azure Files storage type. Listening Definition? New ability to grant role-based access to an ATS node. Endosymbiosis Theory? Cluster node AWS images are now enabled with enhanced networking using an elastic network adapter (ENA). “Aspera offers a mature, fast, reliable and secure solution capable of handling the listening comprehension high volume of who am i essay, video content we need to listening comprehension definition, deliver directly to claes pop art paintings, cloud storage. Definition? Simon Christie Broadcast Systems Engineer, Distribution Broadcast Technology, Channel 4.

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Listening comprehension definition

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The Genealogy of Morals/Third Essay. What is the meaning of ascetic ideals? WHAT IS THE MEANING OF ASCETIC IDEALS? Careless, mocking, forceful—so does wisdom wish us: she is a woman, and never loves any one but a warrior. Thus Spake Zarathustra. What is the meaning of ascetic ideals? In artists, nothing, or too much; in philosophers and scholars, a kind of flair and instinct for the conditions most favourable to advanced intellectualism; in women, at best an additional seductive fascination, a little morbidezza on a fine piece of listening comprehension definition flesh, the angelhood of about of Alternative a fat, pretty animal; in physiological failures and whiners (in the majority of mortals), an attempt to pose as too good for listening definition, this world, a holy form of debauchery, their chief weapon in the battle with lingering pain and ennui; in priests, the actual priestly faith, their best engine of power, and also the supreme authority for power; in saints, finally a pretext for hibernation, their novissima gloriae cupido , their peace in nothingness (God), their form of madness. But in the very fact that the ascetic ideal has meant so much to man, lies expressed the fundamental feature of heart chamber the thickest wall man's will, his horror vacui: he needs a goal —and he will sooner will nothingness than not will at all.—Am I not understood?—Have I not been understood?—Certainly not, sir?—Well, let us begin at the beginning. What is the meaning of ascetic ideals? Or, to take an individual case in regard to which I have often been consulted, what is the meaning, for example, of an definition, artist like Richard Wagner paying homage to chastity in his old age? He had always done so, of of abortion course, in a certain sense, but it was not till quite the end, that he did so in an ascetic sense.

What is the meaning of definition this change of attitude, this radical revolution in his attitude—for that was what it was? Wagner veered thereby straight round into his own opposite. What is the meaning of an artist veering round into his own opposite? At this point (granted that we do not mind stopping a little over this question), we immediately call to mind the best, strongest, gayest, and boldest period, that there perhaps ever was in Wagner's life: that was the period when he was genuinely and deeply occupied with the idea of Luther's Wedding. Starbucks Marketing? Who knows what chance is comprehension, responsible for our now having the Meistersingers instead of this wedding music?

And how much in the latter is perhaps just an echo of the former? But there is no doubt but that the marketing theme would have dealt with the comprehension definition praise of chastity. And certainly it would also have dealt with the praise of starbucks marketing sensuality, and even so, it would seem quite in order, and even so, it would have been equally Wagnerian. For there is no necessary antithesis between chastity and sensuality: every good marriage, every authentic heart-felt love transcends this antithesis. Wagner would, it seems to definition me, have done well to have brought this pleasing reality home once again to chamber the thickest wall his Germans, by means of a bold and graceful Luther Comedy, for there were and are among the listening comprehension Germans many revilers of sensuality; and perhaps Luther's greatest merit lies just in starbucks the fact of his having had the courage of comprehension definition his sensuality (it used to with the thickest wall be called, prettily enough, evangelistic freedom).

But even in those cases where that antithesis between chastity and sensuality does exist, there has fortunately been for some time no necessity for it to be in any way a tragic antithesis. This should, at listening comprehension any rate, be the case with all beings who are sound in mind and body, who are far from reckoning their delicate balance between animal and angel, as being on endosymbiosis, the face of it one of the principles opposed to existence—the most subtle and brilliant spirits, such as Goethe, such as Hafiz, have even seen in this a further charm of life. Such conflicts actually allure one to life. On the other hand, it is only too clear that when once these ruined swine are reduced to worshipping chastity—and there are such swine—they only see and worship in it the antithesis to themselves, the antithesis to ruined swine. Oh, what a tragic grunting and eagerness! You can just think of listening comprehension it—they worship that painful and superfluous contrast, which Richard Wagner in his latter days undoubtedly wished to set to music, and to place on the stage! For what purpose, forsooth? as we may reasonably ask.

What did the swine matter to him; what do they matter to us? At this point it is impossible to beg the further question of what he really had to claes oldenburg do with that manly (ah, so unmanly) country bumpkin, that poor devil and natural, Parsifal, whom he eventually made a Catholic by listening definition such fraudulent devices. What? Was this Parsifal really meant seriously ? One might be tempted to suppose the contrary, even to wish it—that the Wagnerian Parsifal was meant joyously, like a concluding play of a trilogy or satyric drama, in which Wagner the tragedian wished to take farewell of definition us, of himself, above all of tragedy , and to do so in a manner that should be quite fitting and worthy, that is, with an excess of the most extreme and comprehension definition, flippant parody of the tragic itself, of the of abortion in the us ghastly earthly seriousness and earthly woe of old—a parody of listening that most crude phase in marketing the unnaturalness of the ascetic ideal, that had at length been overcome. That, as I have said, would have been quite worthy of a great tragedian; who like every artist first attains the supreme pinnacle of his greatness when he can look down into himself and his art, when he can laugh at himself. Is Wagner's Parsifal his secret laugh of superiority over himself, the triumph of that supreme artistic freedom and artistic transcendency which he has at length attained. We might, I repeat, wish it were so, for definition, what can Parsifal, taken seriously , amount to? Is it really necessary to see in it (according to an expression once used against me) the product of an insane hate of knowledge, mind, and definition, flesh? A curse on flesh and listening comprehension, spirit in one breath of hate? An apostasy and reversion to the morbid Christian and with wall, obscurantist ideals?

And finally a self-negation and self-elimination on the part of an listening comprehension, artist, who till then had devoted all the strength of theory his will to definition the contrary, namely, the highest artistic expression of soul and Essay of Alternative Medicine, body. And not only his art; of his life as well. Just remember with what enthusiasm Wagner followed in listening the footsteps of Feuerbach. Feuerbach's motto of healthy sensuality rang in the ears of Wagner during the thirties and forties of the century, as it did in the ears of many Germans (they dubbed themselves Young Germans), like the word of redemption. Did he eventually change his mind on the subject? For it seems at eco friendly definition any rate that he eventually wished to change his teaching on that subject . . Listening? . and not only is that the case with the Parsifal trumpets on the stage: in endosymbiosis the melancholy, cramped, and embarrassed lucubrations of his later years, there are a hundred places in which there are manifestations of a secret wish and will, a despondent, uncertain, unavowed will to preach actual retrogression, conversion, Christianity, mediaevalism, and to say to his disciples, All is vanity! Seek salvation elsewhere! Even the blood of the Redeemer is once invoked.

Let me speak out listening definition, my mind in a case like this, which has many painful elements—and it is a typical case: it is certainly best to separate an artist from his work so completely that he cannot be taken as seriously as his work. He is marketing, after all merely the presupposition of his work, the womb, the listening soil, in certain cases the dung and manure, on which and out of which it grows—and consequently, in most cases, something that must be forgotten if the work itself is to be enjoyed. The insight into the origin of a work is a matter for psychologists and vivisectors, but never either in the present or the future for the aesthetes, the artists. The author and creator of Parsifal was as little spared the necessity of sinking and living himself into the terrible depths and foundations of mediaeval soul-contrasts, the necessity of a malignant abstraction from all intellectual elevation, severity, and heart with the thickest wall, discipline, the necessity of a kind of mental perversity (if the reader will pardon me such a word), as little as a pregnant woman is spared the horrors and marvels of listening definition pregnancy, which, as I have said, must be forgotten if the endosymbiosis theory child is to be enjoyed. Listening Comprehension Definition? We must guard ourselves against the confusion, into which an artist himself would fall only too easily (to employ the English terminology) out of definition psychological contiguity; as though the artist' himself actually were the object which he is able to represent, imagine, and express. Comprehension Definition? In point of fact, the position is that even if he conceived he were such an marketing, object, he would certainly not represent, conceive, express it. Homer would not have created an Achilles, nor Goethe a Faust, if Homer had been an Achilles or if Goethe had been a Faust. A complete and perfect artist is to all eternity separated from the real, from the actual; on listening definition, the other hand, it will be appreciated that he can at times get tired to the point of despair of chamber with wall this eternal unreality and falseness of definition his innermost being— and that he then sometimes attempts to trespass on to the most forbidden ground, on history of abortion in the us, reality, and attempts to listening comprehension have real existence.

With what success? The success will be guessed—it is the typical velleity of the artist; the same velleity to which Wagner fell a victim in his old age, and for which he had to pay so dearly and so fatally (he lost thereby his most valuable friends). But after all, quite apart from this velleity, who would not wish emphatically for Wagner's own sake that he had taken farewell of with the thickest wall us and of his art in a different manner, not with a Parsifal , but in more victorious, more self-confident, more Wagnerian style—a style less misleading, a style less ambiguous with regard to his whole meaning, less Schopenhauerian, less Nihilistic? . . What, then, is the meaning of ascetic ideals? In the case of an comprehension, artist we are getting to understand their meaning: Nothing at all . . Heart The Thickest? . Listening? or so much that it is as good as nothing at all. Indeed, what is the use of eco friendly them? Our artists have for a long time past not taken up a sufficiently independent attitude, either in the world or against it, to warrant their valuations and the changes in these valuations exciting interest. Listening? At all times they have played the valet of some morality, philosophy, or religion, quite apart from the fact that unfortunately they have often enough been the inordinately supple courtiers of their clients and eco friendly definition, patrons, and the inquisitive toadies of the powers that are existing, or even of the new powers to come. To put it at comprehension definition the lowest, they always need a rampart, a support, an already constituted authority: artists never stand by definition themselves, standing alone is definition, opposed to their deepest instincts. So, for example, did Richard Wagner take, when the time had come, the philosopher Schopenhauer for his covering man in front, for his rampart. Who would consider it even thinkable, that he would have had the courage for an ascetic ideal, without the support afforded him by eco friendly definition the philosophy of Schopenhauer, without the authority of listening comprehension definition Schopenhauer, which dominated Europe in the seventies? (This is without consideration of the question whether an artist without the of abortion milk [1] of an orthodoxy would have been possible at all.) This brings us to the more serious question: What is the meaning of a real philosopher paying homage to the ascetic ideal, a really self-dependent intellect like Schopenhauer, a man and knight with a glance of bronze, who has the courage to be himself, who knows how to stand alone without first waiting for men who cover him in front, and the nods of comprehension his superiors?

Let us now consider at once the remarkable attitude of Schopenhauer towards art , an attitude which has even a fascination for certain types. For that is obviously the reason why Richard Wagner all at once went over to Schopenhauer (persuaded thereto, as one knows, by a poet, Herwegh), went over so completely that there ensued the cleavage of a complete theoretic contradiction between his earlier and his later aesthetic faiths—the earlier, for example, being expressed in Opera and endosymbiosis theory, Drama , the later in the writings which he published from 1870 onwards. In particular, Wagner from comprehension definition that time onwards (and this is the endosymbiosis theory volte-face which alienates us the most) had no scruples about comprehension changing his judgment concerning the value and position of music itself. What did he care if up to that time he had made of starbucks marketing music a means, a medium, a woman, that in order to thrive needed an end, a man—that is, the drama? He suddenly realised that more could be effected by the novelty of the Schopenhauerian theory in comprehension definition majorem musicae gloriam —that is to say, by means of the sovereignty of marketing music, as Schopenhauer understood it; music abstracted from and opposed to all the listening comprehension other arts, music as the independent art-in-itself, not like the history in the us other arts, affording reflections of the phenomenal world, but rather the language of the will itself, speaking straight out of the definition abyss as its most personal, original, and pop art, direct manifestation. This extraordinary rise in comprehension definition the value of music (a rise which seemed to pop art paintings grow out of the Schopenhauerian philosophy) was at once accompanied by an unprecedented rise in the estimation in which the musician himself was held: he became now an oracle, a priest, nay, more than a priest, a kind of mouthpiece for listening, the intrinsic essence of things, a telephone from the other world—from henceforward he talked not only music, did this ventriloquist of endosymbiosis theory God, he talked metaphysic; what wonder that one day he eventually talked ascetic ideals! Schopenhauer has made use of the Kantian treatment of the aesthetic problem—though he certainly did not regard it with the listening definition Kantian eyes. Kant thought that he showed honour to art when he favoured and eco friendly definition, placed in the foreground those of the predicates of the beautiful, which constitute the honour of knowledge: impersonality and universality. This is comprehension definition, not the place to discuss whether this was not a complete mistake; all that I wish to emphasise is that Kant, just like other philosophers, instead of envisaging the aesthetic problem from the standpoint of the experiences of the artist (the creator), has only considered art and beauty from the standpoint of the spectator, and has thereby imperceptibly imported the spectator himself into the idea of the beautiful! But if only the philosophers of the Essay Medicine beautiful had sufficient knowledge of this spectator!—Knowledge of him as a great fact of personality, as a great experience, as a wealth of strong and most individual events, desires, surprises, and raptures in the sphere of comprehension beauty!

But, as I feared, the starbucks contrary was always the case. Definition? And so we get from our philosophers, from the very beginning, definitions on which the lack of a subtler personal experience squats like a fat worm of crass error, as it does on Kant's famous definition of the beautiful. Starbucks Marketing? That is beautiful, says Kant, which pleases without interesting. Without interesting! Compare this definition with this other one, made by a real spectator and listening, artist—by Stendhal, who once called the Essay of Alternative beautiful une promesse de bonheur . Here, at listening definition any rate, the one point which Kant makes prominent in the aesthetic position is repudiated and eliminated— le desinteressement . Who is right, Kant or Stendhal?

When, forsooth, our aesthetes never get tired of throwing into the scales in Kant's favour the fact that under the magic of beauty men can look at even naked female statues without interest, we can certainly laugh a little at their expense:—in regard to this ticklish point the experiences of artists are more interesting, and at any rate Pygmalion was not necessarily an unaesthetic man. Let us think all the better of the innocence of our aesthetes, reflected as it is in such arguments; let us, for instance, count to Kant's honour the country-parson naivete of his doctrine concerning the peculiar character of the sense of touch! And here we come back to Schopenhauer, who stood in much closer neighbourhood to the arts than did Kant, and yet never escaped outside the the thickest pale of the Kantian definition; how was that? The circumstance is marvellous enough: he interprets the expression, without interest, in listening definition the most personal fashion, out of an experience which must in his case have been part and parcel of his regular routine. On few subjects does Schopenhauer speak with such certainty as on the working of aesthetic contemplation: he says of it that it simply counteracts sexual interest, like lupulin and camphor; he never gets tired of glorifying this escape from the Life-will as the great advantage and oldenburg pop art, utility of the aesthetic state. In fact, one is tempted to ask if his fundamental conception of Will and Idea, the thought that there can only exist freedom from the will by means of definition idea, did not originate in a generalisation from this sexual experience. (In all questions concerning the Medicine Schopenhauerian philosophy, one should, by definition the bye, never lose sight of the consideration that it is the conception of a youth of twenty-six, so that it participates not only in what is peculiar to Schopenhauer's life, but in what is peculiar to that special period of his life.) Let us listen, for instance, to one of the most expressive among the countless passages which he has written in honour of the aesthetic state ( World as Will and starbucks marketing, Idea , i. 231); let us listen to the tone, the suffering, the happiness, the gratitude, with which such words are uttered: This is the painless state which Epicurus praised as the highest good and as the state of the comprehension definition gods; we are during that moment freed from the vile pressure of the will, we celebrate the Sabbath of the will's hard labour, the wheel of Ixion stands still. What vehemence of language!

What images of anguish and protracted revulsion! How almost pathological is definition, that temporal antithesis between that moment and everything else, the listening comprehension wheel of Ixion, the hard labour of the will, the starbucks vile pressure of the will. Listening Comprehension Definition? But granted that Schopenhauer was a hundred times right for heart chamber wall, himself personally, how does that help our insight into the nature of the beautiful? Schopenhauer has described one effect of the beautiful,—the calming of the will,—but is this effect really normal? As has been mentioned, Stendhal, an equally sensual but more happily constituted nature than Schopenhauer, gives prominence to another effect of the comprehension definition beautiful.

The beautiful promises happiness. To him it is just the excitement of the will (the interest) by claes paintings the beauty that seems the essential fact. And does not Schopenhauer ultimately lay himself open to the objection, that he is quite wrong in listening regarding himself as a Kantian on this point, that he has absolutely failed to understand in a Kantian sense the Kantian definition of the heart wall beautiful—that the comprehension beautiful pleased him as well by means of an interest, by means, in fact, of the strongest and most personal interest of all, that of the victim of torture who escapes from theory his torture?—And to come back again to listening definition our first question, What is the meaning of a philosopher paying homage to ascetic ideals? We get now, at any rate, a first hint; he wishes to escape from a torture. Let us beware of about of Alternative making dismal faces at comprehension definition the word torture—there is certainly in this case enough to deduct, enough to discount—there is even something to laugh at. For we must certainly not underestimate the Essay Analysis of Alternative Medicine fact that Schopenhauer, who in practice treated sexuality as a personal enemy (including its tool, woman, that instrumentum diaboli ), needed enemies to keep him in a good humour; that he loved grim, bitter, blackish-green words; that he raged for the sake of raging, out of passion; that he would have grown ill, would have become a pessimist (for he was not a pessimist, however much he wished to be), without his enemies, without Hegel, woman, sensuality, and the whole will for existence keeping on. Listening Comprehension Definition? Without them Schopenhauer would not have kept on, that is a safe wager; he would have run away: but his enemies held him fast, his enemies always enticed him back again to existence, his wrath was just as theirs was to the ancient Cynics, his balm, his recreation, his recompense, his remedium against disgust, his happiness . So much with regard to what is most personal in the case of Schopenhauer; on the other hand, there is still much which is endosymbiosis, typical in him—and only now we come back to our problem.

It is an accepted and definition, indisputable fact, so long as there are philosophers in the world, and wherever philosophers have existed (from India to England, to heart with wall take the opposite listening definition poles of philosophic ability), that there exists a real irritation and rancour on the part of philosophers towards sensuality. Schopenhauer is merely the most eloquent, and if one has the ear for it, also the eco friendly definition most fascinating and listening comprehension definition, enchanting outburst. There similarly exists a real philosophic bias and affection for the whole ascetic ideal; there should be no illusions on this score. Both these feelings, as has been said, belong to the type; if a philosopher lacks both of them, then he is—you may be certain of eco friendly it—never anything but a pseudo. What does this mean ? For this state of affairs must first be interpreted: in itself it stands there stupid to all eternity, like any Thing-in-itself. Listening Comprehension? Every animal, including la bete philosophe , strives instinctively after an claes oldenburg, optimum of favourable conditions, under which he can let his whole strength have play, and achieves his maximum consciousness of power; with equal instinctiveness, and with a fine perceptive flair which is superior to any reason, every animal shudders mortally at every kind of disturbance and hindrance which obstructs or could obstruct his way to that optimum (it is not his way to happiness of which I am talking, but his way to power, to action, the most powerful action, and in definition point of fact in many cases his way to unhappiness). Similarly, the eco friendly philosopher shudders mortally at marriage , together with all that could persuade him to it—marriage as a fatal hindrance on the way to the optimum . Up to the present what great philosophers have been married? Heracleitus, Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Kant, Schopenhauer—they were not married, and, further, one cannot imagine them as married. A married philosopher belongs to comedy, that is my rule; as for that exception of listening comprehension a Socrates—the malicious Socrates married himself, it seems, ironice , just to heart the thickest wall prove this very rule. Every philosopher would say, as Buddha said, when the birth of a son was announced to listening comprehension him: Rahoula has been born to me, a fetter has been forged for me (Rahoula means here a little demon); there must come an definition, hour of reflection to listening every free spirit (granted that he has had previously an hour of thoughtlessness), just as one came once to the same Buddha: Narrowly cramped, he reflected, is life in the house; it is a place of endosymbiosis theory uncleanness; freedom is found in leaving the house.

Because he thought like this, he left the house. So many bridges to listening definition independence are shown in the ascetic ideal, that the philosopher cannot refrain from exultation and clapping of hands when he hears the theory history of all those resolute ones, who on one day uttered a nay to all servitude and went into definition, some desert ; even granting that they were only strong asses, and the absolute opposite of strong minds. Of Abortion In The? What, then, does the ascetic ideal mean in a philosopher? This is my answer—it will have been guessed long ago: when he sees this ideal the philosopher smiles because he sees therein an optimum of the definition conditions of the highest and boldest intellectuality; he does not thereby deny 'existence, he rather affirms thereby his existence and definition, only his existence, and listening comprehension, this perhaps to the point of definition not being far off the blasphemous wish, pereat mundus, fiat philosophia, fiat philosophus, fiam! [2] . . . These philosophers, you see, are by no means uncorrupted witnesses and judges of the listening comprehension value of the ascetic ideal. They think of themselves —what is the saint to them? They think of that which to them personally is most indispensable; of freedom from compulsion, disturbance, noise; freedom from business, duties, cares; of a clear head; of the dance, spring, and flight of thoughts; of good air—rare, clear, free, dry, as is the air on the heights, in which every animal creature becomes more intellectual and gains wings; they think of peace in every cellar; all the hounds neatly chained; no baying of enmity and uncouth rancour; no remorse of wounded ambition; quiet and definition, submissive internal organs, busy as mills, but unnoticed; the heart alien, transcendent, future, posthumous—to summarise, they mean by the ascetic ideal the joyous asceticism of a deified and newly fledged animal, sweeping over life rather than resting. We know what are the three great catch-words of the ascetic ideal: poverty, humility, chastity; and now just look closely at listening comprehension definition the life of all the great fruitful inventive spirits—you will always find again and again these three qualities up to a certain extent. Not for a minute, as is self-evident, as though, perchance, they were part of their virtues—what has this type of man to do with virtues—but as the most essential and Essay, natural conditions of their best existence, their finest fruitfulness. In this connection it is quite possible that their predominant intellectualism had first to curb an comprehension definition, unruly and irritable pride, or an insolent sensualism, or that it had all its work cut out to maintain its wish for the desert against perhaps an inclination to luxury and dilettantism, or similarly against an extravagant liberality of heart and hand. But their intellect did effect all this, simply because it was the dominant instinct, which carried through its orders in the case of all the other instincts.

It effects it still: if it ceased to do so, it would simply not be dominant. Of Abortion? But there is not one iota of virtue in all this. Further, the desert , of which I just spoke, in which the strong, independent, and listening comprehension definition, well-equipped spirits retreat into heart with the thickest, their hermitage—oh, how different is it from the cultured classes' dream of listening a desert! In certain cases, in fact, the cultured classes themselves are the desert. And it is certain that all the actors of the intellect would not endure this desert for a minute. It is nothing like romantic and Syrian enough for them, nothing like enough of a stage desert! Here as well there are plenty of heart chamber the thickest asses, but at this point the resemblance ceases. But a desert nowadays is something like this—perhaps a deliberate obscurity; a getting-out-of the way of one's self; a fear of definition noise, admiration, papers, influence; a little office, a daily task, something that hides rather than brings to history of abortion us light; sometimes associating with harmless, cheerful beasts and fowls, the sight of which refreshes; a mountain for listening comprehension definition, company, but not a dead one, one with eyes (that is, with lakes); in certain cases even a room in a crowded hotel where one can reckon on not being recognised, and on being able to talk with impunity to every one: here is the desert—oh, it is lonely enough, believe me! I grant that when Heracleitus retreated to the courts and cloisters of the colossal temple of Artemis, that wilderness was worthier; why do we lack such temples? (perchance we do not lack them: I just think of my splendid study in the Piazza di San Marco , in history us spring, of course, and in the morning, between ten and twelve). But that which Heracleitus shunned is still just what we too avoid nowadays: the noise and democratic babble of the Ephesians, their politics, their news from the empire (I mean, of course, Persia), their market-trade in the things of to-day—for there is comprehension definition, one thing from which we philosophers especially need a rest—from the things of to-day.

We honour the silent, the cold, the noble, the far, the past, everything, in definition fact, at the sight of which the soul is not bound to brace itself up and defend itself—something with which one can speak without speaking aloud . Just listen now to the tone a spirit has when it speaks; every spirit has its own tone and loves its own tone. Listening? That thing yonder, for instance, is bound to be an agitator, that is, a hollow head, a hollow mug: whatever may go into endosymbiosis theory, him, everything comes back from him dull and thick, heavy with the echo of the great void. That spirit yonder nearly always speaks hoarse: has he, perchance, thought himself hoarse? It may be so—ask the physiologists—but he who thinks in words , thinks as a speaker and not as a thinker (it shows that he does not think of objects or think objectively, but only of his relations with objects—that, in point of fact, he only thinks of himself and his audience). This third one speaks aggressively, he comes too near our body, his breath blows on us—we shut our mouth involuntarily, although he speaks to comprehension us through a book: the tone of his style supplies the reason—he has no time, he has small faith in himself, he finds expression now or never. But a spirit who is sure of himself speaks softly; he seeks secrecy, he lets himself be awaited. Starbucks Marketing? A philosopher is recognised by the fact that he shuns three brilliant and noisy things— fame, princes, and women: which is not to comprehension say that they do not come to him.

He shuns every glaring light: therefore he shuns his time and its daylight. Therein he is as a shadow; the deeper sinks the sun, the greater grows the with the thickest wall shadow. As for listening comprehension definition, his humility, he endures, as he endures darkness, a certain dependence and about of Alternative, obscurity: further, he is afraid of the shock of lightning, he shudders at the insecurity of a tree which is too isolated and too exposed, on which every storm vents its temper, every temper its storm. His maternal instinct, his secret love for comprehension definition, that which grows in him, guides him into states where he is relieved from the necessity of eco friendly definition taking care of himself , in listening the same way in which the mother instinct in definition woman has thoroughly maintained up to the present woman's dependent position. After all, they demand little enough, do these philosophers, their favourite motto is, He who possesses is possessed. Listening Comprehension? All this is not , as I must say again and of abortion in the, again, to be attributed to a virtue, to a meritorious wish for moderation and simplicity: but because their supreme lord so demands of them, demands wisely and inexorably; their lord who is comprehension definition, eager only for one thing, for which alone he musters, and for which alone he hoards everything—time, strength, love, interest. In The? This kind of man likes not to be disturbed by enmity, he likes not to be disturbed by friendship, it is listening comprehension definition, a type which forgets or despises easily. Pop Art Paintings? It strikes him as bad form to play the martyr, to suffer for comprehension definition, truth—he leaves all that to history the ambitious and to the stage-heroes of the intellect, and to all those, in fact, who have time enough for such luxuries (they themselves, the philosophers, have something to listening comprehension definition do for truth). They make a sparing use of big words; they are said to be adverse to the word truth itself: it has a high falutin' ring.

Finally, as far as the chastity of philosophers is concerned, the fruitfulness of this type of mind is with the thickest wall, manifestly in another sphere than that of definition children; perchance in some other sphere, too, they have the survival of their name, their little immortality (philosophers in ancient India would express themselves with still greater boldness: Of what use is posterity to him whose soul is the world?). In this attitude there is not a trace of chastity, by reason of any ascetic scruple or hatred of the chamber with flesh, any more than it is chastity for comprehension definition, an athlete or a jockey to abstain from women; it is rather the will of the dominant instinct, at any rate, during the period of their advanced philosophic pregnancy. Every artist knows the harm done by paintings sexual intercourse on occasions of definition great mental strain and preparation; as far as the strongest artists and those with the eco friendly definition surest instincts are concerned, this is not necessarily a case of experience—hard experience—but it is simply their maternal instinct which, in order to benefit the growing work, disposes recklessly (beyond all its normal stocks and supplies) of the vigour of its animal life; the greater power then absorbs the lesser. Let us now apply this interpretation to gauge correctly the case of Schopenhauer, which we have already mentioned: in his case, the sight of the listening definition beautiful acted manifestly like a resolving irritant on the chief power of his nature (the power of contemplation and of intense penetration); so that this strength exploded and became suddenly master of his consciousness. But this by no means excludes the possibility of that particular sweetness and fulness, which is peculiar to the aesthetic state, springing directly from the ingredient of us sensuality (just as that idealism which is peculiar to girls at listening puberty originates in the same source)—it may be, consequently, that sensuality is not removed by the approach of the aesthetic state, as Schopenhauer believed, but merely becomes transfigured, and ceases to enter into the consciousness as sexual excitement. (I shall return once again to this point in heart chamber with the thickest wall connection with the listening more delicate problems of the physiology of the theory ?esthetic , a subject which up to the present has been singularly untouched and unelucidated.)

A certain asceticism, a grimly gay whole-hearted renunciation, is, as we have seen, one of the definition most favourable conditions for the highest intellectualism, and, consequently, for the most natural corollaries of such intellectualism: we shall therefore be proof against any surprise at the philosophers in history particular always treating the ascetic ideal with a certain amount of predilection. A serious historical investigation shows the bond between the ascetic ideal and philosophy to be still much tighter and still much stronger. It may be said that it was only in the leading strings of this ideal that philosophy really learnt to make its first steps and baby paces—alas how clumsily, alas how crossly, alas how ready to tumble down and listening definition, lie on its stomach was this shy little darling of a brat with its bandy legs! The early history of philosophy is like that of all good things;—for a long time they had not the courage to be themselves, they kept always looking round to see if no one would come to eco friendly definition their help; further, they were afraid of comprehension definition all who looked at them. Just enumerate in order the particular tendencies and virtues of the philosopher—his tendency to doubt, his tendency to deny, his tendency to wait (to be ephectic), his tendency to analyse, search, explore, dare, his tendency to compare and to equalise, his will to be neutral and objective, his will for endosymbiosis, everything which is sine ira et studio : has it yet been realised that for comprehension definition, quite a lengthy period these tendencies went counter to the first claims of marketing morality and conscience? (To say nothing at all of Reason, which even Luther chose to call Frau Kluglin [3] the sly whore. ) Has it been yet appreciated that a philosopher, in the event of listening his arriving at self-consciousness, must needs feel himself an incarnate nitimur in definition vetitum, [4] —and consequently guard himself against his own sensations, against self-consciousness? It is, I repeat, just the listening same with all good things, on which we now pride ourselves; even judged by the standard of the ancient Greeks, our whole modern life, in so far as it is theory, not weakness, but power and the consciousness of comprehension power, appears pure Hybris and godlessness: for the things which are the Essay Analysis of Alternative very reverse of those which we honour to-day, have had for a long time conscience on their side, and God as their guardian. Hybris is our whole attitude to nature nowadays, our violation of nature with the help of machinery, and all the unscrupulous ingenuity of definition our scientists and history us, engineers. Hybris is our attitude to God, that is, to some alleged teleological and ethical spider behind the meshes of the listening comprehension definition great trap of the causal web. Like Charles the Bold in his war with Louis the Eleventh, we may say, je combats l'universelle araignee ; Hybris is our attitude to ourselves—for we experiment with ourselves in a way that we would not allow with any animal, and with pleasure and curiosity open our soul in our living body: what matters now to us the salvation of the soul?

We heal ourselves afterwards: being ill is eco friendly definition, instructive, we doubt it not, even more instructive than being well—inoculators of disease seem to us to-day even more necessary than any medicine-men and listening comprehension definition, saviours. Endosymbiosis Theory? There is no doubt we do violence to ourselves nowadays, we crackers of the soul's kernel, we incarnate riddles, who are ever asking riddles, as though life were naught else than the cracking of a nut; and even thereby must we necessarily become day by day more and more worthy to be asked questions and worthy to ask them, even thereby do we perchance also become worthier to—live? . . Listening Definition? . All good things were once bad things; from starbucks every original sin has grown an original virtue. Marriage, for comprehension definition, example, seemed for a long time a sin against the rights of the Essay about Medicine community; a man formerly paid a fine for the insolence of comprehension definition claiming one woman to himself (to this phase belongs, for instance, the jus primae noctis to-day still in Cambodia the privilege of the marketing priest, that guardian of the good old customs). The soft, benevolent, yielding, sympathetic feelings—eventually valued so highly that they almost became intrinsic values, were for a very long time actually despised by definition their possessors: gentleness was then a subject for shame, just as hardness is now (compare Beyond Good and Evil , Aph. 260). The submission to law : oh, with what qualms of conscience was it that the noble races throughout the world renounced the vendetta and gave the law power over themselves! Law was long a vetitum , a blasphemy, an innovation; it was introduced with force like a force, to which men only submitted with a sense of personal shame. Every tiny step forward in Essay Analysis of Alternative the world was formerly made at the cost of mental and physical torture. Nowadays the whole of comprehension definition this point of view—that not only the thickest wall stepping forward, nay, stepping at all, movement, change, all needed their countless martyrs, rings in our ears quite strangely. Listening Definition? I have put it forward in the Dawn of Day , Aph.

18. Nothing is purchased more dearly, says the same book a little later, than the modicum of human reason and freedom which is now our pride. But that pride is the chamber with the thickest wall reason why it is now almost impossible for us to feel in sympathy with those immense periods of the 'Morality of Custom,' which lie at listening definition the beginning of the 'world's history,' constituting as they do the real decisive historical principle which has fixed the character of humanity; those periods, I repeat, when throughout the world suffering passed for virtue, cruelty for claes pop art paintings, virtue, deceit for virtue, revenge for listening, virtue, repudiation of the reason for virtue; and when, conversely, well-being passed current for danger, the theory desire for knowledge for danger, pity for definition, danger, peace for danger, being pitied for shame, work for shame, madness for about Medicine, divinity, and change for immorality and incarnate corruption! There is in definition the same book, Aph. 12, an explanation of the burden of of abortion in the unpopularity under which the earliest race of contemplative men had to live—despised almost as widely as they were first feared! Contemplation first appeared on earth in a disguised shape, in an ambiguous form, with an comprehension, evil heart and often with an uneasy head: there is no doubt about it. The inactive, brooding, unwarlike element in the instincts of contemplative men long invested them with a cloud of suspicion: the only way to combat this was to starbucks excite a definite fear . And the old Brahmans, for example, knew to a nicety how to do this! The oldest philosophers were well versed in giving to their very existence and appearance, meaning, firmness, background, by reason whereof men learnt to comprehension definition fear them; considered more precisely, they did this from an even more fundamental need, the need of inspiring in themselves fear and self-reverence. For they found even in endosymbiosis their own souls all the valuations turned against themselves; they had to listening comprehension definition fight down every kind of suspicion and antagonism against the philosophic element in themselves. Being men of endosymbiosis a terrible age, they did this with terrible means: cruelty to themselves, ingenious self-mortification—this was the chief method of these ambitious hermits and intellectual revolutionaries, who were obliged to force down the gods and the traditions of their own soul, so as to enable themselves to believe in listening their own revolution. I remember the famous story of the King Vicvamitra, who, as the result of a thousand years of self-martyrdom, reached such a consciousness of power and such a confidence in himself that he undertook to build a new heaven : the sinister symbol of the starbucks oldest and newest history of comprehension philosophy in the whole world.

Every one who has ever built anywhere a new heaven first found the power thereto in his own hell . . . . Marketing? Let us compress the facts into a short formula. The philosophic spirit had, in order to be possible to any extent at all, to masquerade and disguise itself as one of the listening definition previously fixed types of the contemplative man, to disguise itself as priest, wizard, soothsayer, as a religious man generally: the ascetic ideal has for definition, a long time served the philosopher as a superficial form, as a condition which enabled him to exist. . . Listening Comprehension? . Starbucks Marketing? To be able to be a philosopher he had to definition exemplify the of abortion in the ideal; to exemplify it, he was bound to believe in it. The peculiarly etherealised abstraction of philosophers, with their negation of the world, their enmity to life, their disbelief in the senses, which has been maintained up to the most recent time, and has almost thereby come to be accepted as the listening comprehension definition ideal philosophic attitude —this abstraction is the result of those enforced conditions under which philosophy came into existence, and continued to exist; inasmuch as for history in the us, quite a very long time philosophy would have been absolutely impossible in the world without an ascetic cloak and dress, without an ascetic self-misunderstanding. Definition? Expressed plainly and palpably, the definition ascetic priest has taken the repulsive and listening, sinister form of the caterpillar, beneath which and behind which alone philosophy could live and slink about. Endosymbiosis? . . . Has all that really changed? Has that flamboyant and comprehension, dangerous winged creature, that spirit which that caterpillar concealed within itself, has it, I say, thanks to a sunnier, warmer, lighter world, really and finally flung off its hood and escaped into the light?

Can we to-day point to enough pride, enough daring, enough courage, enough self-confidence, enough mental will, enough will for responsibility, enough freedom of the will, to enable the philosopher to be now in the world really— possible? And now, after we have caught sight of the history of abortion ascetic priest , let us tackle our problem. What is the meaning of the ascetic ideal? It now first becomes serious—vitally serious. Listening Definition? We are now confronted with the real representatives of the serious . What is the chamber with the thickest meaning of comprehension all seriousness? This even more radical question is perchance already on the tip of our tongue: a question, fairly, for physiologists, but which we for chamber wall, the time being skip. In that ideal the ascetic priest finds not only his faith, but also his will, his power, his interest.

His right to existence stands and falls with that ideal. What wonder that we here run up against a terrible opponent (on the comprehension definition supposition, of course, that we are the opponents of that ideal), an definition, opponent fighting for his life against those who repudiate that ideal! . On the other hand, it is from the outset improbable that such a biased attitude towards our problem will do him any particular good; the listening definition ascetic priest himself will scarcely prove the happiest champion of his own ideal (on the same principle on which a woman usually fails when she wishes to champion woman)—let alone proving the most objective critic and judge of the oldenburg paintings controversy now raised. We shall therefore—so much is already obvious—rather have actually to help him to comprehension defend himself properly against ourselves, than we shall have to fear being too well beaten by him. The idea, which is the subject of this dispute, is the value of our life from the standpoint of the ascetic priests: this life, then (together with the whole of which it is a part, Nature, the world, the whole sphere of becoming and passing away), is placed by them in relation to an existence of starbucks quite another character, which it excludes and to which it is opposed, unless it deny its own self: in definition this case, the case of an ascetic life, life is taken as a bridge to another existence. The ascetic treats life as a maze, in which one must walk backwards till one comes to the place where it starts; or he treats it as an eco friendly definition, error which one may, nay must , refute by action: for listening comprehension definition, he demands that he should be followed; he enforces, where he can, his valuation of existence. What does this mean?

Such a monstrous valuation is not an exceptional case, or a curiosity recorded in definition human history: it is one of the most general and persistent facts that there are. The reading from the comprehension definition vantage of a distant star of the endosymbiosis capital letters of our earthly life, would perchance lead to the conclusion that the earth was the especially ascetic planet , a den of discontented, arrogant, and repulsive creatures, who never got rid of a deep disgust of themselves, of the world, of all life, and did themselves as much hurt as possible out of pleasure in hurting—presumably their one and definition, only pleasure. Marketing? Let us consider how regularly, how universally, how practically at every single period the ascetic priest puts in his appearance: he belongs to no particular race; he thrives everywhere; he grows out of all classes. Not that he perhaps bred this valuation by heredity and propagated it—the contrary is the case. Listening Definition? It must be a necessity of the first order which makes this species, hostile , as it is, to paintings life , always grow again and always thrive again.— Life itself must certainly have an interest in the continuance of such a type of self-contradiction. For an ascetic life is a self-contradiction: here rules resentment without parallel, the resentment of an insatiate instinct and ambition, that would be master, not over some element in life, but over life itself, over comprehension life's deepest, strongest, innermost conditions; here is an eco friendly, attempt made to comprehension definition utilise power to dam the sources of power; here does the green eye of jealousy tum even against physiological well-being, especially against the expression of such well-being, beauty, joy, while a sense of oldenburg pop art paintings pleasure is experienced and sought in abortion, in listening comprehension definition decay, in pain, in misfortune, in ugliness, in voluntary punishment, in the exercising, flagellation, and endosymbiosis, sacrifice of the self. All this is in the highest degree paradoxical: we are here confronted with a rift that wills itself to be a rift, which enjoys itself in this very suffering , and even becomes more and more certain of itself, more and more triumphant, in listening comprehension definition proportion as its own presupposition, physiological vitality, decreases . The triumph just in Essay of Alternative Medicine the supreme agony: under this extravagant emblem did the ascetic ideal fight from of old; in this mystery of definition seduction, in this picture of rapture and history, torture, it recognised its brightest light, its salvation, its final victory. Crux, nux, lux —it has all these three in one. Granted that such an incarnate will for contradiction and listening definition, unnaturalness is induced to philosophise ; on what will it vent its pet caprice?

On that which has been felt with the greatest certainty to be true, to be real; it will look for error in endosymbiosis those very places where the life instinct fixes truth with the greatest positiveness. It will, for instance, after the example of the comprehension ascetics of the Vedanta Philosophy, reduce matter to an illusion, and starbucks marketing, similarly treat pain, multiplicity, the whole logical contrast of Subject and Object —errors, nothing but errors! To renounce the belief in one's own ego, to deny to one's self one's own reality—what a triumph! and here already we have a much higher kind of triumph, which is listening, not merely a triumph over the senses, over the palpable, but an infliction of violence and cruelty on reason ; and claes, this ecstasy culminates in the ascetic self-contempt, the ascetic scorn of listening comprehension definition one's own reason making this decree: there is a domain of truth and of life, but reason is specially excluded therefrom. . . . By the bye, even in the Kantian idea of the intelligible character of things there remains a trace of that schism, so dear to the heart of the ascetic, that schism which likes to turn reason against reason; in fact, intelligible character means in Kant a kind of quality in heart things of which the intellect comprehends so much, that for it, the intellect, it is listening definition, absolutely incomprehensible . Of Abortion In The? After all, let us, in our character of knowers, not be ungrateful towards such determined reversals of the ordinary perspectives and values, with which the mind had for too long raged against itself with an apparently futile sacrilege! In the same way the very seeing of another vista, the very wishing to see another vista, is no little training and preparation of the comprehension definition intellect for with the thickest wall, its eternal Objectivity —objectivity being understood not as contemplation without interest (for that is inconceivable and nonsensical), but as the ability to listening have the pros and cons in one's power and to switch them on and off, so as to get to know how to utilise, for the advancement of theory knowledge, the difference in the perspective and in listening the emotional interpretations. But let us, forsooth, my philosophic colleagues, henceforward guard ourselves more carefully against this mythology of dangerous ancient ideas, which has set up a pure, will-less, painless, timeless subject of knowledge; let us guard ourselves from the tentacles of such contradictory ideas as pure reason, absolute spirituality, knowledge-in-itself:—in these theories an eye that cannot be thought of is required to think, an eye which ex hypothesi has no direction at all, an eye in which the active and interpreting functions are cramped, are absent; those functions, I say, by means of marketing which abstract seeing first became seeing something; in these theories consequently the absurd and the nonsensical is always demanded of the eye.

There is only a seeing from a perspective, only a knowing from a perspective, and the more emotions we express over a thing, the more eyes, different eyes, we train on the same thing, the more complete will be our idea of listening comprehension definition that thing, our objectivity. But the elimination of the will altogether, the switching off of the emotions all and sundry, granted that we could do so, what! would not that be called intellectual castration? But let us turn back. The Thickest Wall? Such a self-contradiction, as apparently manifests itself among the ascetics, Life turned against Life, is—so much is absolutely obvious—from the physiological and not now from the psychological standpoint, simply nonsense. It can only be an apparent contradiction; it must be a kind of provisional expression, an explanation, a formula, an comprehension, adjustment, a psychological misunderstanding of something, whose real nature could not be understood for a long time, and whose real essence could not be described; a mere word jammed into chamber with the thickest wall, an old gap of human knowledge. To put briefly the facts against its being real: the ascetic ideal springs from the prophylactic and self-preservative instincts which mark a decadent life , which seeks by every means in its power to listening comprehension definition maintain its position and fight for its existence; it points to a partial physiological depression and exhaustion, against which the most profound and intact life-instincts fight ceaselessly with new weapons and discoveries.

The ascetic ideal is such a weapon: its position is Essay, consequently exactly the reverse of that which the worshippers of the ideal imagine—life struggles in it and through it with death and against death; the ascetic ideal is a dodge for listening comprehension, the preservation of life. Marketing? An important fact is brought out in the extent to which, as history teaches, this ideal could rule and exercise power over listening comprehension man, especially in all those places where the civilisation and taming of man was completed: that fact is, the diseased state of man up to the present, at pop art paintings any rate, of the man who has been tamed, the physiological struggle of man with death (more precisely, with the disgust with life, with exhaustion, with the wish for the end). The ascetic priest is the incarnate wish for an existence of listening another kind, an existence on another plane,—he is, in fact, the highest point of this wish, its official ecstasy and passion: but it is the claes oldenburg paintings very power of definition this wish which is the fetter that binds him here; it is eco friendly definition, just that which makes him into a tool that must labour to create more favourable conditions for earthly existence, for existence on the human plane—it is with this very power that he keeps the whole herd of listening comprehension definition failures, distortions, abortions, unfortunates, sufferers from themselves of every kind, fast to existence, while he as the herdsman goes instinctively on in front. You understand me already: this ascetic priest, this apparent enemy of life, this denier—he actually belongs to the really great conservative and affirmative forces of life. . . . What does it come from, this diseased state? For man is oldenburg, more diseased, more uncertain, more changeable, more unstable than any other animal, there is no doubt of it—he is the diseased animal: what does it spring from? Certainly he has also dared, innovated, braved more, challenged fate more than all the other animals put together; he, the great experimenter with himself, the definition unsatisfied, the insatiate, who struggles for the supreme mastery with beast, Nature, and gods, he, the as yet ever uncompelled, the ever future, who finds no more any rest from his own aggressive strength, goaded inexorably on eco friendly, by the comprehension definition spur of the future dug into the flesh of the present:—how should not so brave and rich an animal also be the most endangered, the animal with the longest and deepest sickness among all sick animals? . . . Man is sick of it, oft enough there are whole epidemics of this satiety (as about 1348, the time of the Dance of Death): but even this very nausea, this tiredness, this disgust with himself, all this is discharged from him with such force that it is immediately made into a new fetter. His nay, which he utters to life, brings to light as though by magic an claes, abundance of graceful yeas; even when he wounds himself, this master of destruction, of self-destruction, it is subsequently the wound itself that forces him to live. The more normal is this sickliness in man—and we cannot dispute this normality—the higher honour should be paid to the rare cases of psychical and physical powerfulness, the windfalls of humanity, and the more strictly should the listening sound be guarded from that worst of air, the air of the sick-room. Is that done? The sick are the greatest danger for the healthy; it is not from the strongest that harm comes to the strong, but from the weakest. Starbucks? Is that known?

Broadly considered, it is not for a minute the fear of man, whose diminution should be wished for; for this fear forces the strong to be strong, to be at times terrible—it preserves in its integrity the sound type of man. What is to listening comprehension definition be feared, what does work with a fatality found in no other fate, is not the great fear of, but the great nausea with, man; and equally so the great pity for man. Supposing that both these things were one day to espouse each other, then inevitably the maximum of monstrousness would immediately come into the world—the last will of man, his will for nothingness, Nihilism. And, in heart chamber the thickest sooth, the way is well paved thereto. He who not only has his nose to listening comprehension smell with, but also has eyes and ears, he sniffs almost wherever he goes to-day an air something like that of a mad-house, the air of heart the thickest wall a hospital—I am speaking, as stands to listening definition reason, of the endosymbiosis cultured areas of mankind, of comprehension every kind of Europe that there is in fact in the world. The sick are the great danger of man, not the marketing evil, not the beasts of prey. They who are from the outset botched, oppressed, broken, those are they, the weakest are they, who most undermine the life beneath the feet of listening definition man, who instil the most dangerous venom and scepticism into endosymbiosis, our trust in life, in man, in ourselves. Where shall we escape from it, from listening definition that covert look (from which we carry away a deep sadness), from that averted look of him who is about Medicine, misborn from the beginning, that look which betrays what such a man says to listening himself—that look which is a groan?

Would that I were something else, so groans this look, but there is no hope. I am what I am: how could I get away from myself? And, verily— I am sick of with wall myself! On such a soil of self-contempt, a veritable swamp soil, grows that weed, that poisonous growth, and all so tiny, so hidden, so ignoble, so sugary. Here teem the worms of revenge and vindictiveness; here the air reeks of things secret and unmentionable; here is ever spun the definition net of the most malignant conspiracy—the conspiracy of the sufferers against theory the sound and the victorious; here is the comprehension definition sight of the victorious hated . Starbucks? And what lying so as not to acknowledge this hate as hate!

What a show of big words and attitudes, what an art of righteous calumniation! These abortions! what a noble eloquence gushes from their lips! What an amount of sugary, slimy, humble submission oozes in their eyes! What do they really want? At any rate to represent righteousness, love, wisdom, superiority, that is the ambition of listening comprehension these lowest ones, these sick ones! And how clever does such an ambition make them! You cannot, in fact, but admire the counterfeiter dexterity with which the stamp of virtue, even the ring, the golden ring of virtue, is here imitated. They have taken a lease of virtue absolutely for themselves, have these weaklings and wretched invalids, there is no doubt of it; We alone are the good, the eco friendly definition righteous, so do they speak, we alone are the definition homines bonce voluntatis . They stalk about in our midst as living reproaches, as warnings to us—as though health, fitness, strength, pride, the sensation of us power, were really vicious things in themselves, for which one would have some day to do penance, bitter penance.

Oh, how they themselves are ready in their hearts to exact penance, how they thirst after being hangmen ! Among them is an comprehension definition, abundance of revengeful ones disguised as judges, who ever mouth the word righteousness like a venomous spittle—with mouth, I say, always pursed, always ready to spit at Essay of Alternative everything, which does not wear a discontented look, but is of good cheer as it goes on its way. Among them, again, is that most loathsome species of the vain, the lying abortions, who make a point of representing beautiful souls, and perchance of bringing to the market as purity of heart their distorted sensualism swathed in listening verses and endosymbiosis theory, other bandages; the species of self-comforters and masturbators of their own souls. Listening Comprehension Definition? The sick man's will to represent some form or other of superiority, his instinct for crooked paths, which lead to a tyranny over the healthy—where can it not be found, this will to power of the very weakest? The sick woman especially: no one surpasses her in refinements for ruling, oppressing, tyrannising. The sick woman, moreover, spares nothing living, nothing dead; she grubs up again the with the thickest wall most buried things (the Bogos say, Woman is a hyena).

Look into the background of every family, of every body, of every community: everywhere the fight of the sick against the healthy—a silent fight for the most part with minute poisoned powders, with pin-pricks, with spiteful grimaces of comprehension definition patience, but also at times with that diseased pharisaism of pure pantomime, which plays for the choice role of righteous indignation. Right into the hallowed chambers of knowledge can it make itself heard, can this hoarse yelping of sick hounds, this, rabid lying and frenzy of such noble Pharisees (I remind readers, who have ears, once more of that Berlin apostle of history of abortion revenge, Eugen Duhring, who makes most disreputable and revolting use in all present-day Germany of listening comprehension moral refuse; Duhring, the eco friendly definition paramount moral blusterer that there is to-day, even among his own kind, the Anti-Semites). They are all men of resentment, are these physiological distortions and worm-riddled objects, a whole quivering kingdom of burrowing revenge, indefatigable and insatiable in its outbursts against the happy, and equally so in disguises for revenge, in pretexts for revenge: when will they really reach their final, fondest, most sublime triumph of revenge? At that time, doubtless, when they succeed in pushing their own misery, in comprehension fact, all misery, into the consciousness of the happy: so that the latter begin one day to be ashamed of their happiness, and perchance say to themselves when they meet, It is a shame to be happy; there is too much misery! . . Of Alternative Medicine? . But there could not possibly be a greater and more fatal misunderstanding than that of the listening happy, the fit, the strong in body and soul, beginning in this way to doubt their right to happiness. Marketing? Away with this perverse world! Away with this shameful soddenness of sentiment! Preventing the listening comprehension definition sick making the claes oldenburg pop art healthy sick—for that is what such a soddenness comes to—this ought to be our supreme object in the world—but for this it is above all essential that the healthy should remain separated from the sick, that they should even guard themselves from the look of the sick, that they should not even associate with the definition sick. Or may it, perchance, be their mission to be nurses or doctors? But they could not mistake and disown their mission more grossly—the higher must not degrade itself to be the tool of the lower, the pathos of distance must to all eternity keep their missions also separate. The right of the happy to existence, the right of heart chamber wall bells with a full tone over the discordant cracked bells, is verily a thousand times greater: they alone are the sureties of the future, they alone are bound to man's future. What they can, what they must do, that can the sick never do, should never do! but if they are to be enabled to do what only they must do, how can they possibly be free to play the doctor, the comforter, the Saviour of the sick? . . . Listening Comprehension? And therefore good air! good air! and away, at any rate, from the neighbourhood of all the madhouses and hospitals of civilisation!

And therefore good company, our own company, or solitude, if it must be so! but away, at any rate, from the evil fumes of internal corruption and starbucks marketing, the secret worm-eaten state of the comprehension definition sick! that, forsooth, my friends, we may defend ourselves, at any rate for still a time, against the two worst plagues that could have been reserved for us—against the great nausea with man! against the great pity for man! If you have understood in all their depths—and I demand that you should grasp them profoundly and understand them profoundly—the reasons for endosymbiosis theory, the impossibility of its being the business of the healthy to listening nurse the history sick, to make the sick healthy, it follows that you have grasped this further necessity—the necessity of doctors and nurses who themselves are sick . And now we have and comprehension, hold with both our hands the essence of the ascetic priest. The ascetic priest must be accepted by us as the predestined saviour, herdsman, and champion of the sick herd: thereby do we first understand his awful historic mission. The lordship over sufferers is his kingdom, to about Medicine that points his instinct, in that he finds his own special art, his master-skill, his kind of happiness. He must himself be sick, he must be kith and listening comprehension definition, kin to the sick and the abortions so as to understand them, so as to endosymbiosis theory arrive at an understanding with them; but he must also be strong, even more master of himself than of others, impregnable, forsooth, in listening his will for power, so as to acquire the eco friendly trust and listening comprehension, the awe of the weak, so that he can be their hold, bulwark, prop, compulsion, overseer, tyrant, god. He has to protect them, protect his herds— against starbucks marketing whom? Against the healthy, doubtless also against the envy towards the healthy.

He must be the natural adversary and scorner of every rough, stormy, reinless, hard, violently-predatory health and listening definition, power. The priest is the first form of the more delicate animal that scorns more easily than it hates. He will not be spared the waging of war with the claes pop art paintings beasts of prey, a war of guile (of spirit) rather than of force, as is self-evident—he will in certain cases find it necessary to conjure up out of himself, or at comprehension definition any rate to represent practically a new type of the beast of prey—a new animal monstrosity in definition which the polar bear, the supple, cold, crouching panther, and, not least important, the fox, are joined together in a trinity as fascinating as it is listening comprehension, fearsome. If necessity exacts it, then will he come on the scene with bearish seriousness, venerable, wise, cold, full of treacherous superiority, as the herald and Analysis of Alternative Medicine, mouthpiece of mysterious powers, sometimes going among even the listening comprehension other kind of beasts of prey, determined as he is to sow on their soil, wherever he can, suffering, discord, self-contradiction, and only too sure of his art, always to be lord of sufferers at all times. He brings with him, doubtless, salve and balsam; but before he can play the physician he must first wound; so, while he soothes the pain which the wound makes, he at the same time poisons the wound . Well versed is starbucks, he in this above all things, is this wizard and listening definition, wild beast tamer, in whose vicinity everything healthy must needs become ill, and everything ill must needs become tame.

He protects, in sooth, his sick herd well enough, does this strange herdsman; he protects them also against themselves, against the sparks (even in the centre of the eco friendly herd) of comprehension definition wickedness, knavery, malice, and all the starbucks other ills that the plaguey and the sick are heir to; he fights with cunning, hardness, and stealth against definition anarchy and against the ever imminent break-up inside the herd, where resentment , that most dangerous blasting-stuff and explosive, ever accumulates and accumulates. Getting rid of this blasting-stuff in paintings such a way that it does not blow up the herd and the herdsman, that is comprehension, his real feat, his supreme utility; if you wish to comprise in the shortest formula the value of the priestly life, it would be correct to say the history of abortion priest is the diverter of the course of resentment . Every sufferer, in listening comprehension fact, searches instinctively for a cause of his suffering; to in the us put it more exactly, a doer,—to put it still more precisely, a sentient responsible doer ,—in brief, something living, on which, either actually or in effigy , he can on any pretext vent his emotions. Comprehension? For the venting of emotions is the sufferer's greatest attempt at alleviation, that is to say, stupefaction , his mechanically desired narcotic against pain of any kind. It is in this phenomenon alone that is found, according to my judgment, the real physiological cause of resentment, revenge, and their family is to be found—that is, in a demand for the deadening of pain through emotion : this cause is generally, but in my view very erroneously, looked for in the defensive parry of a bare protective principle of reaction, of a reflex movement in claes oldenburg the case of any sudden hurt and danger, after the definition manner that a decapitated frog still moves in order to get away from a corrosive acid. But the difference is definition, fundamental. In one case the object is to prevent being hurt any more; in the other case the object is to deaden a racking, insidious, nearly unbearable pain by a more violent emotion of any kind whatsoever, and at any rate for the time being to drive it out of the consciousness—for this purpose an emotion is needed, as wild an comprehension, emotion as possible, and to excite that emotion some excuse or other is starbucks, needed.

It must be somebody's fault that I feel bad—this kind of listening reasoning is peculiar to all invalids, and is but the more pronounced, the endosymbiosis theory more ignorant they remain of the listening comprehension real cause of Essay about their feeling bad, the listening definition physiological cause (the cause may lie in a disease of the nervous sympathicus , or in an excessive secretion of bile, or in a want of sulphate and endosymbiosis theory, phosphate of potash in the blood, or in pressure in the bowels which stops the circulation of the blood, or in degeneration of the ovaries, and so forth). All sufferers have an awful resourcefulness and ingenuity in finding excuses for painful emotions; they even enjoy their jealousy, their broodings over base actions and definition, apparent injuries, they burrow through the intestines of oldenburg pop art paintings their past and present in their search for obscure mysteries, wherein they will be at liberty to wallow in a torturing suspicion and get drunk on listening definition, the venom of their own malice—they tear open the eco friendly definition oldest wounds, they make themselves bleed from the scars which have long been healed, they make evil-doers out of friends, wife, child, and everything which is definition, nearest to them. I suffer: it must be somebody's fault—so thinks every sick sheep. But his herdsman, the ascetic priest, says to him, Quite so, my sheep, it must be the fault of some one; but thou thyself art that same one, it is all the fault of heart chamber the thickest wall thyself alone— it is listening, all the fault of thyself alone against thyself : that is bold enough, false enough, but one thing is at least attained; thereby, as I have said, the endosymbiosis theory course of listening definition resentment is— diverted . You can see now what the remedial instinct of life has at least tried to effect, according to my conception, through the ascetic priest, and the purpose for which he had to employ a temporary tyranny of paintings such paradoxical and anomalous ideas as guilt, sin, sinfulness, corruption, damnation. What was done was to make the sick harmless up to a certain point, to listening comprehension definition destroy the incurable by means of history themselves, to listening comprehension definition turn the milder cases severely on to themselves, to give their resentment a backward direction (man needs but one thing), and to exploit similarly the bad instincts of all sufferers with a view to self-discipline, self-surveillance, self-mastery. Theory? It is obvious that there can be no question at all in comprehension the case of marketing a medication of this kind, a mere emotional medication, of any real healing of the sick in listening comprehension the physiological sense; it cannot even for a moment be asserted that in this connection the instinct of us life has taken healing as its goal and purpose. On the listening comprehension one hand, a kind of heart with the thickest wall congestion and organisation of the sick (the word Church is the most popular name for it); on the other, a kind of listening definition provisional safeguarding of the comparatively healthy, the more perfect specimens, the cleavage of a rift between healthy and sick—for a long time that was all! and it was much! it was very much! I am proceeding, as you see, in this essay, from an us, hypothesis which, as far as such readers as I want are concerned, does not require to be proved; the hypothesis that sinfulness in man is not an actual fact, but rather merely the interpretation of a fact, of a physiological discomfort,—a discomfort seen through a moral religious perspective which is no longer binding upon us. Listening Comprehension? The fact, therefore, that any one feels guilty, sinful, is eco friendly definition, certainly not yet any proof that he is comprehension definition, right in feeling so, any more than any one is healthy simply because he feels healthy.

Remember the celebrated witch-ordeals: in chamber the thickest those days the comprehension most acute and starbucks, humane judges had no doubt but that in these cases they were confronted with guilt,—the witches themselves had no doubt on the point ,—and yet the guilt was lacking. Let me elaborate this hypothesis: I do not for a minute accept the very pain in the soul as a real fact, but only as an explanation (a casual explanation) of facts that could not hitherto be precisely formulated; I regard it therefore as something as yet absolutely in listening the air and devoid of scientific cogency—just a nice fat word in the place of a lean note of us interrogation. When any one fails to get rid of his pain in the soul, the cause is, speaking crudely, to be found not in his soul but more probably in his stomach (speaking crudely, I repeat, but by no means wishing thereby that you should listen to me or understand me in comprehension definition a crude spirit). Starbucks? A strong and well-constituted man digests his experiences (deeds and misdeeds all included) just as he digests his meats, even when he has some tough morsels to swallow. If he fails to relieve himself of an experience, this kind of indigestion is quite as much physiological as the other indigestion—and indeed, in listening comprehension more ways than one, simply one of the results of the us other. Listening Comprehension Definition? You can adopt such a theory, and yet entre nous be nevertheless the strongest opponent of endosymbiosis theory all materialism. But is listening comprehension, he really a physician , this ascetic priest? We already understand why we are scarcely allowed to call him a physician, however much he likes to endosymbiosis theory feel a saviour and let himself be worshipped as a saviour. Listening Comprehension Definition? [5] It is heart with the thickest, only the actual suffering, the discomfort of the sufferer, which he combats, not its cause, not the actual state of sickness—this needs must constitute our most radical objection to priestly medication.

But just once put yourself into that point of listening comprehension view, of which the priests have a monopoly, you will find it hard to exhaust your amazement, at what from that standpoint he has completely seen, sought, and found. The mitigation of suffering, every kind of consoling—all this manifests itself as his very genius: with what ingenuity has he interpreted his mission of consoler, with what aplomb and audacity has he chosen weapons necessary for the part. Christianity in chamber the thickest wall particular should be dubbed a great treasure-chamber of ingenious consolations,—such a store of refreshing, soothing, deadening drugs has it accumulated within itself; so many of the most dangerous and daring expedients has it hazarded; with such subtlety, refinement. Oriental refinement, has it divined what emotional stimulants can conquer, at any rate for a time, the deep depression, the leaden fatigue, the black melancholy of physiological cripples—for, speaking generally, all religions are mainly concerned with fighting a certain fatigue and heaviness that has infected everything. You can regard it as prima facie probable that in certain places in the world there was almost bound to listening definition prevail from time to time among large masses of the population a sense of physiological depression , which, however, owing to their lack of physiological knowledge, did not appear to endosymbiosis their consciousness as such, so that consequently its cause and its cure can only be sought and essayed in the science of moral psychology (this, in listening comprehension fact, is my most general formula for with wall, what is generally called a religion ). Such a feeling of listening definition depression can have the eco friendly most diverse origins; it may be the result of the crossing of too heterogeneous races (or of classes—genealogical and racial differences are also brought out in the classes: the European Weltschmerz, the Pessimism of the listening nineteenth century, is really the result of an absurd and sudden class-mixture); it may be brought about by a mistaken emigration—a race falling into a climate for history of abortion in the us, which its power of adaptation is insufficient (the case of the Indians in India); it may be the effect of old age and fatigue (the Parisian pessimism from 1850 onwards); it may be a wrong diet (the alcoholism of the Middle Ages, the nonsense of vegetarianism—which, however, have in their favour the authority of Sir Christopher in Shakespeare); it may be blood-deterioration, malaria, syphilis, and the like (German depression after the Thirty Years' War, which infected half Germany with evil diseases, and thereby paved the way for German servility, for German pusillanimity). In such a case there is invariably recourse to a war on a grand scale with the feeling of depression; let us inform ourselves briefly on listening comprehension definition, its most important practices and endosymbiosis theory, phases (I leave on one side, as stands to reason, the actual philosophic war against the feeling of depression which is usually simultaneous—it is interesting enough, but too absurd, too practically negligible, too full of cobwebs, too much of a hole-and-corner affair, especially when pain is comprehension, proved to be a mistake, on Analysis Medicine, the naif hypothesis that pain must needs vanish when the mistake underlying it is recognised—but behold! it does anything but vanish . Listening Definition? . .). That dominant depression is primarily fought by weapons which reduce the consciousness of life itself to the lowest degree. Wherever possible, no more wishes, no more wants; shun everything which produces emotion, which produces blood (eating no salt, the endosymbiosis theory fakir hygiene); no love; no hate; equanimity; no revenge; no getting rich; no work; begging! as far as possible, no woman, or as little woman as possible; as far as the intellect is concerned, Pascal's principle, il faut s'abetir. [6] To put the definition result in ethical and definition, psychological language, self-annihilation, sanctification; to put it in physiological language, hypnotism—the attempt to find some approximate human equivalent for what hibernation is for certain animals, for what ( aestivation is for listening definition, many tropical plants, a minimum of assimilation and metabolism in which life just manages to subsist without really coming into the consciousness. An amazing amount of human energy has been devoted to this object—perhaps uselessly? There cannot be the slightest doubt but that such sportsmen of saintliness, in whom at heart with times nearly every nation has abounded, have really found a genuine relief from that which they have combated with such a rigorous training —in countless cases they really escaped by the help of their system of listening comprehension definition hypnotism away from heart with wall deep physiological depression; their method is consequently counted among the most universal ethnological facts.

Similarly it is improper to consider such a plan for starving the physical element and the desires, as in itself a symptom of insanity (as a clumsy species of roast-beef-eating freethinkers and Sir Christophers are fain to do); all the more certain is listening definition, it that their method can and endosymbiosis, does pave the way to comprehension all kinds of mental disturbances, for instance, inner lights (as far as the claes oldenburg case of Hesychasts of Mount Athos), auditory and visual hallucinations, voluptuous ecstasies and effervescences of sensualism (the history of St. Theresa). The explanation of such events given by the victims is always the acme of fanatical falsehood; this is listening comprehension, self-evident. Note well, however, the tone of implicit gratitude that rings in the very will for an explanation of such a character. The supreme state, salvation itself, that final goal of universal hypnosis and peace, is of abortion, always regarded by them as the mystery of mysteries, which even the most supreme symbols are inadequate to express; it is regarded as an entry and homecoming to the essence of things, as a liberation from listening comprehension all illusions, as knowledge, as truth, as being, as an escape from every end, every wish, every action, as something even beyond Good and eco friendly definition, Evil. Good and listening, Evil, quoth the Buddhists, both are fetters. The perfect man is master of them both. The done and pop art, the undone, quoth the disciple of the listening comprehension Vedanta, do him no hurt; the good and the evil he shakes from off him, sage that he is; his kingdom suffers no more from any act; good and evil, he goes beyond them both.—An absolutely Indian conception, as much Brahmanist as Buddhist.

Neither in the Indian nor in the Christian doctrine is this Redemption regarded as attainable by means of virtue and of abortion in the us, moral improvement, however high they may place the value of the listening comprehension hypnotic efficiency of virtue: keep clear on endosymbiosis theory, this point—indeed it simply corresponds with the listening comprehension definition facts. The fact that they remained true on this point is perhaps to marketing be regarded as the best specimen of realism in the three great religions, absolutely soaked as they are with morality, with this one exception. For those who know, there is no duty. Redemption is not attained by the acquisition of virtues; for redemption consists in being one with Brahman, who is incapable of acquiring any perfection; and equally little does it consist in the giving up of faults , for the Brahman, unity with whom is what constitutes redemption, is eternally pure (these passages are from the Commentaries of the Cankara, quoted from the first real European expert of the comprehension Indian philosophy, my friend Paul Deussen). Of Abortion In The Us? We wish, therefore, to pay honour to the idea of redemption in the great religions, but it is somewhat hard to remain serious in view of the appreciation meted out to listening comprehension definition the deep sleep by these exhausted pessimists who are too tired even to dream—to the deep sleep considered, that is, as already a fusing into Brahman, as the attainment of the unio mystica with God.

When he has completely gone to history of abortion in the us sleep, says on this point the oldest and most venerable script, and come to perfect rest, so that he sees no more any vision, then, oh dear one, is he united with Being, he has entered into his own self—encircled by the Self with its absolute knowledge, he has no more any consciousness of listening comprehension that which is without or of that which is within. Endosymbiosis? Day and night cross not these bridges, nor age, nor death, nor suffering, nor good deeds, nor evil deeds. In deep sleep, say similarly the listening believers in us this deepest of the three great religions, does the soul lift itself from definition out this body of ours, enters the supreme light and stands out therein in Essay about Medicine its true shape: therein is it the supreme spirit itself, which travels about, while it rests and plays and enjoys itself, whether with women, or chariots, or friends; there do its thoughts turn no more back to this appanage of a body, to which the 'prana' (the vital breath) is harnessed like a beast of burden to the cart. None the less we will take care to realise (as we did when discussing redemption) that in spite of all its pomps of Oriental extravagance this simply expresses the same criticism on life as did the clear, cold, Greekly cold, but yet suffering Epicurus. The hypnotic sensation of nothingness, the peace of deepest sleep, anaesthesia in short—that is what passes with the sufferers and the absolutely depressed for, forsooth, their supreme good, their value of values; that is what must be treasured by them as something positive, be felt by them as the essence of the Positive (according to the same logic of the feelings, nothingness is in listening comprehension definition all pessimistic religions called God).

Such a hypnotic deadening of sensibility and susceptibility to pain, which presupposes somewhat rare powers, especially courage, contempt of opinion, intellectual stoicism, is less frequent than another and certainly easier training which is tried against starbucks states of depression. I mean mechancal activity . Listening Definition? It is chamber with the thickest wall, indisputable that a suffering existence can be thereby considerably alleviated. This fact is called to-day by the somewhat ignoble title of the Blessing of work. The alleviation consists in the attention of the sufferer being absolutely diverted from suffering, in the incessant monopoly of the consciousness by comprehension action, so that consequently there is little room left for suffering—for narrow is it, this chamber of human consciousness! Mechanical activity and its corollaries, such as absolute regularity, punctilious unreasoning obedience, the chronic routine of life, the complete occupation of time, a certain liberty to be impersonal, nay, a training in impersonality, self-forgetfulness, incuria sui [7] —with what thoroughness and expert subtlety have all these methods been exploited by the ascetic priest in his war with pain!

When he has to tackle sufferers of the lower orders, slaves, or prisoners (or women, who for the most part are a compound of labour-slave and prisoner), all he has to endosymbiosis do is to juggle a little with the names, and to rechristen, so as to definition make them see henceforth a benefit, a comparative happiness, in objects which they hated—the slave's discontent with his lot was at any rate not invented by the priests. An even more popular means of fighting depression is the ordaining of a little joy , which is the thickest wall, easily accessible and can be made into a rule; this medication is frequently used in conjunction with the former ones. The most frequent form in comprehension definition which joy is prescribed as a cure is the joy in marketing producing joy (such as doing good, giving presents, alleviating, helping, exhorting, comforting, praising, treating with distinction); together with the comprehension definition prescription of love your neighbour. The ascetic priest prescribes, though in the most cautious doses, what is marketing, practically a stimulation of the strongest and most life-assertive impulse—the Will for Power. Listening Definition? The happiness involved in the smallest superiority which is the concomitant of all benefiting, helping, extolling, making one's self useful, is the most ample consolation, of which, if they are well-advised, physiological distortions avail themselves: in other cases they hurt each other, and naturally in eco friendly obedience to the same radical instinct. Listening? An investigation of the of abortion in the us origin of comprehension definition Christianity in the Roman world shows that co-operative unions for poverty, sickness, and burial sprang up in the lowest stratum of contemporary society, amid which the chief antidote against depression, the little joy experienced in mutual benefits, was deliberately fostered. Endosymbiosis? Perchance this was then a novelty, a real discovery? This conjuring up of the listening comprehension definition will for cooperation, for family organisation, for communal life, for Caenacula, necessarily brought the Will for Power, which had been already infinitesimally stimulated, to of abortion us a new and much fuller manifestation.

The herd organisation is a genuine advance and triumph in the fight with depression. With the growth of the listening comprehension definition community there matures even to individuals a new interest, which often enough takes him out definition, of the more personal element in his discontent, his aversion to himself, the despectus sui of Geulincx. Comprehension? All sick and diseased people strive instinctively after a herd-organisation, out of a desire to shake off their sense of oppressive discomfort and weakness; the ascetic priest divines this instinct and promotes it; wherever a herd exists it is the starbucks marketing instinct of weakness which has wished for the herd, and the cleverness of the priests which has organised it, for, mark this: by an equally natural necessity the strong strive as much for isolation as the weak for union : when the former bind themselves it is only with a view to an aggressive joint action and joint satisfaction of their Will for Power, much against listening comprehension definition the wishes of their individual consciences; the latter, on the contrary, range themselves together with positive delight in such a muster—their instincts are as much gratified thereby as the instincts of the born master (that is, the solitary beast-of-prey species of man) are disturbed and wounded to history in the the quick by organisation. There is always lurking beneath every oligarchy—such is the universal lesson of history—the desire for tyranny. Every oligarchy is continually quivering with the tension of the effort required by each individual to keep mastering this desire. (Such, e.g. , was the Greek; Plato shows it in listening definition a hundred places, Plato, who knew his contemporaries—and himself .) The methods employed by Essay Analysis of Alternative Medicine the ascetic priest, which we have already learnt to know—stifling of all vitality, mechanical energy, the little joy, and especially the method of love your neighbour herd-organisation, the awaking of the communal consciousness of power, to such a pitch that the individual's disgust with himself becomes eclipsed by his delight in the thriving of the comprehension definition community—these are, according to modern standards, the starbucks innocent methods employed in the fight with depression; let us turn now to the more interesting topic of the guilty methods. The guilty methods spell one thing: to produce emotional excess —which is used as the most efficacious anesthetic against their depressing state of protracted pain; this is why priestly ingenuity has proved quite inexhaustible in comprehension thinking out this one question: By what means can you produce an emotional excess? This sounds harsh: it is manifest that it would sound nicer and eco friendly, would grate on one's ears less, if I were to say, forsooth: The ascetic priest made use at all times of the enthusiasm contained in all strong emotions. But what is the good of still soothing the delicate ears of our modern effeminates? What is the comprehension good on our side of budging one single inch before their verbal Pecksniffianism?

For us psychologists to do that would be at once practical Pecksniffianism , apart from the fact of its nauseating us. The good taste (others might say, the endosymbiosis righteousness) of a psychologist nowadays consists, if at all, in combating the shamefully moralised language with which all modern judgments on men and listening, things are smeared. For, do not deceive yourself: what constitutes the chief characteristic of modern souls and of modern books is not the lying, but the innocence which is part and parcel of their intellectual dishonesty. The inevitable running up against this innocence everywhere constitutes the Analysis of Alternative most distasteful feature of the somewhat dangerous business which a modern psychologist has to undertake: it is a part of our great danger—it is listening definition, a road which perhaps leads straight to the great nausea—I know quite well the purpose which all modern books will and can serve (granted that they last, which I am not afraid of, and granted equally that there is to be at some future day a generation with a more rigid, more severe, and healthier taste)—the function which all modernity generally will serve with posterity: that of an emetic,—and this by reason of its moral sugariness and falsity, its ingrained feminism, which it is pleased to call Idealism, and at any rate believes to be idealism. Endosymbiosis Theory? Our cultured men of to-day, our good men, do not lie—that is true; but it does not redound to their honour! The real lie, the genuine, determined, honest lie (on whose value you can listen to Plato) would prove too tough and strong an article for them by a long way; it would be asking them to do what people have been forbidden to ask them to do, to open their eyes to their own selves, and to learn to distinguish between true and false in their own selves.

The dishonest lie alone suits them: everything which fools a good man is perfectly incapable of any other attitude to anything than that of listening a dishonourable liar, an absolute liar, but none the less an claes oldenburg paintings, innocent liar, a blue-eyed liar, a virtuous liar. These good men, they are all now tainted with morality through and through, and as far as honour is concerned they are disgraced and corrupted for all eternity. Which of them could stand a further truth about man? or, put more tangibly, which of them could put up with a true biography? One or two instances: Lord Byron composed a most personal autobiography, but Thomas Moore was too good for it; he burnt his friend's papers. Dr. Gwinner, Schopenhauer's executor, is said to have done the same; for Schopenhauer as well wrote much about himself, and listening comprehension, perhaps also against himself (??? ?????). The virtuous American Thayer, Beethoven's biographer, suddenly stopped his work: he had come to claes oldenburg pop art a certain point in that honourable and simple life, and could stand it no longer. Moral: What sensible man nowadays writes one honest word about listening comprehension himself? He must already belong to the Order of Holy Foolhardiness. We are promised an autobiography of Richard Wagner; who doubts but that it would be a clever autobiography?

Think, forsooth, of the grotesque horror which the Catholic priest Janssen aroused in Germany with his inconceivably square and harmless pictures of the German Reformation; what wouldn't people do if some real psychologist were to tell us about a genuine Luther, tell us, not with the history of abortion us moralist simplicity of a country priest or the sweet and cautious modesty of a Protestant historian, but say with the fearlessness of a Taine, that springs from comprehension force of heart chamber with the thickest character and not from listening comprehension definition a prudent toleration of force. (The Germans, by the bye, have already produced the classic specimen of this toleration—they may well be allowed to reckon him as one of their own, in Leopold Ranke, that born classical advocate of every causa fortior [8] , that cleverest of all the definition clever opportunists.) But you will soon understand me.—Putting it shortly, there is reason enough, is there not, for us psychologists nowadays never to listening get away from a certain mistrust of our own selves? Probably even we ourselves are still too good for definition, our work; probably, whatever contempt we feel for this popular craze for comprehension definition, morality, we ourselves are perhaps none the claes oldenburg paintings less its victims, prey, and slaves; probably it infects even us . Of what was that diplomat warning us, when he said to listening comprehension definition his colleagues: Let us especially mistrust our first impulses, gentlemen! they are almost always good? So should nowadays every psychologist talk to his colleagues. And thus we get back to our problem, which in point of fact does require from oldenburg pop art us a certain severity, a certain mistrust especially against first impulses. The ascetic ideal in the service of projected emotional excess: —he who remembers the previous essay will already partially anticipate the essential meaning compressed into these above ten words.

The thorough unswitching of the listening comprehension human soul, the plunging of it into terror, frost, ardour, rapture, so as to free it, as through some lightning shock, from all the smallness and pettiness of unhappiness, depression, and discomfort: what ways lead to endosymbiosis theory this goal? And which of comprehension these ways does so most safely? . . Marketing? . At bottom all great emotions have this power, provided that they find a sudden outlet—emotions such as rage, fear, lust, revenge, hope, triumph, despair, cruelty; and, in sooth, the ascetic priest has had no scruples in taking into his service the whole pack of hounds that rage in the human kennel, unleashing now these and now those, with the same constant of waking man out of his protracted melancholy, of chasing away, at any rate for a time, his dull pain, his shrinking misery, but always under the sanction of a religious interpretation and justification. This emotional excess has subsequently to listening comprehension be paid for , this is self-evident—it makes the with the thickest wall ill more ill—and therefore this kind of remedy for pain is according to modern standards a guilty kind. The dictates of fairness, however, require that we should all the definition more emphasise the fact that this remedy is applied with a good conscience , that the about Analysis of Alternative ascetic priest has prescribed it in the most implicit belief in its utility and indispensability;—often enough almost collapsing in the presence of the pain which he created;—that we should similarly emphasise the fact that the comprehension definition violent physiological revenges of theory such excesses, even perhaps the mental disturbances, are not absolutely inconsistent with the general tenor of this kind of remedy; this remedy, which, as we have shown previously, is not for comprehension, the purpose of healing diseases, but of fighting the unhappiness of that depression, the alleviation and Analysis Medicine, deadening of which was its object. The object was consequently achieved. The keynote by listening comprehension which the ascetic priest was enabled to get every kind of agonising and ecstatic music to play on history, the fibres of the human soul—was, as every one knows, the exploitation of the feeling of guilt. I have already indicated in comprehension definition the previous essay the origin of this feeling—as a piece of definition animal psychology and nothing else: we were thus confronted with the feeling of guilt, in its crude state, as it were. It was first in comprehension definition the hands of the claes paintings priest, real artist that he was in the feeling of guilt, that it took shape—oh, what a shape! Sin—for that is the name of the new priestly version of the animal bad-conscience (the inverted cruelty)— has up to the present been the greatest event in comprehension definition the history of the diseased soul; in theory sin we find the most perilous and fatal masterpiece of religious interpretation. Imagine man, suffering from himself, some way or other but at any rate physiologically, perhaps like an animal shut up in a cage, not clear as to listening comprehension the why and the wherefore! imagine him in pop art his desire for reasons—reasons bring relief—in his desire again for remedies, narcotics at definition last, consulting one, who knows even the occult—and see, lo and behold, he gets a hint from his wizard, the ascetic priest, his first hint on the cause of his trouble: he must search for heart the thickest, it in himself , in his guiltiness, in a piece of the past, he must understand his very suffering as a state of punishment . Comprehension? He has heard, he has understood, has the unfortunate: he is now in the plight of a hen round which a line has been drawn.

He never gets out of the circle of in the lines. The sick man has been turned into the sinner—and now for a few thousand years we never get away from the listening comprehension sight of this new invalid, of pop art a sinner—shall we ever get away from it?—wherever we just look, everywhere the hypnotic gaze of the sinner always moving in one direction (in the direction of guilt, the listening comprehension definition only cause of suffering); everywhere the evil conscience, this greuliche Thier, [9] to use Luther's language; everywhere rumination over in the the past, a distorted view of action, the gaze of the green-eyed monster turned on all action: everywhere the wilful misunderstanding of suffering, its transvaluation into feelings of guilt, fear of retribution; everywhere the scourge, the hairy shirt, the starving body, contrition; everywhere the sinner breaking himself on the ghastly wheel of a restless and morbidly eager conscience; everywhere mute pain, extreme fear, the agony of a tortured heart, the spasms of an unknown happiness, the shriek for redemption. In point of fact, thanks to comprehension this system of procedure, the old depression, dullness, and fatigue were absolutely conquered, life itself became very interesting again, awake, eternally awake, sleepless, glowing, burnt away, exhausted and yet not tired—such was the figure cut by chamber with wall man, the definition sinner, who was initiated into these mysteries. Starbucks Marketing? This grand old wizard of an ascetic priest fighting with depression—he had clearly triumphed, his kingdom had come: men no longer grumbled at pain, men panted after pain: More pain! More pain! So for centuries on end shrieked the comprehension demand of his acolytes and initiates.

Every emotional excess which hurt; everything which broke, overthrew, crushed, transported, ravished; the mystery of torture-chambers, the ingenuity of hell itself—all this was now discovered, divined, exploited, all this was at the service of the eco friendly definition wizard, all this served to promote the triumph of his ideal, the ascetic ideal. My kingdom is not of this world, quoth he, both at the beginning and at the end: had he still the right to talk like that?—Goethe has maintained that there are only thirty-six tragic situations: we would infer from listening comprehension that, did we not know otherwise, that Goethe was no ascetic priest. He—knows more. So far as all this kind of endosymbiosis theory priestly medicine-mongering, the guilty kind, is concerned, every word of listening criticism is superfluous. As for the suggestion that emotional excess of the type, which in these cases the ascetic priest is fain to order to his sick patients (under the most sacred euphemism, as is obvious, and equally impregnated with the sanctity of his purpose), has ever really been of use to any sick man, who, forsooth, would feel inclined to maintain a proposition of starbucks marketing that character? At any rate, some understanding should be come to as to listening the expression be of use. If you only wish to history in the us express that such a system of listening treatment has reformed man, I do not gainsay it: I merely add that reformed conveys to my mind much as tamed, weakened, discouraged, refined, daintified, emasculated (and thus it means almost as much as injured).

But when you have to oldenburg pop art deal principally with sick, depressed, and oppressed creatures, such a system, even granted that it makes the ill better, under any circumstances also makes them more ill : ask the mad-doctors the invariable result of a methodical application of penance-torture, contritions, and salvation ecstasies. Similarly ask history. In every body politic where the ascetic priest has established this treatment of the sick, disease has on every occasion spread with sinister speed throughout its length and breadth. Listening Definition? What was always the starbucks result? A shattered nervous system, in comprehension addition to the existing malady, and this in the greatest as in the smallest, in the individuals as in masses. We find, in consequence of the penance and redemption-training, awful epileptic epidemics, the greatest known to endosymbiosis theory history, such as the listening St. Vitus and St. John dances of the Middle Ages; we find, as another phase of its after-effect, frightful mutilations and chronic depressions, by means of which the heart chamber with the thickest temperament of a nation or a city (Geneva, Bale) is turned once for all into its opposite;—this training , again, is responsible for the witch-hysteria, a phenomenon analogous to listening comprehension definition somnambulism (eight great epidemic outbursts of this only between 1564 and 1605);—we find similarly in its train those delirious death-cravings of large masses, whose awful shriek, evviva la morte! [10] was heard over the whole of Europe, now interrupted by voluptuous variations and anon by a rage for destruction, just as the same emotional sequence with the same intermittencies and sudden changes is now universally observed in every case where the ascetic doctrine of sin scores once more a great success (religious neurosis appears as a manifestation of the devil, there is no doubt of it. What is it? Quaeritur ). Speaking generally, the ascetic ideal and its sublime-moral cult, this most ingenious, reckless, and perilous systematisation of all methods of emotional excess, is writ large in a dreadful and unforgettable fashion on Essay about of Alternative, the whole history of man, and unfortunately not only on history. I was scarcely able to put forward any other element which attacked the health and race efficiency of Europeans with more destructive power than did this ideal; it can be dubbed, without exaggeration, the real fatality in the history of the health of the listening comprehension definition European man.

At the most you can merely draw a comparison with the specifically German influence: I mean the claes pop art alcohol poisoning of Europe, which up to definition the present has kept pace exactly with the political and racial predominance of the Germans (where they inoculated their blood, there too did they inoculate their vice). Third in the series comes syphilis— magno sed proximo intervallo. The ascetic priest has, wherever he has obtained the mastery, corrupted the of abortion us health of the soul, he has consequently also corrupted taste in artibus et litteris [11] —he corrupts it still. Consequently? I hope I shall be granted this consequently; at any rate, I am not going to prove it first. Listening Comprehension? One solitary indication, it concerns the arch-book of Christian literature, their real model, their book-in-itself.

In the very midst of the Graeco-Roman splendour, which was also a splendour of books, face to face with an ancient world of writings which had not yet fallen into eco friendly, decay and ruin, at comprehension a time when certain books were still to be read, to endosymbiosis theory possess which we would give nowadays half our literature in listening comprehension definition exchange, at that time the simplicity and vanity of chamber with the thickest Christian agitators (they are generally called Fathers of the Church) dared to declare: We too have our classical literature, we do not need that of the listening comprehension Greeks —and meanwhile they proudly pointed to their books of definition legends, their letters of apostles, and comprehension definition, their apologetic tractlets, just in the same way that to-day the English Salvation Army wages its fight against Shakespeare and other heathens with an analous literature. You already guess it, I do not like the New Testament; it almost upsets me that I stand so isolated in my taste so far as concerns this valued, this over-valued Scripture; the taste of two thousand years is against me; but what boots it! Here I stand! I cannot help myself [12] —I have the courage of my bad taste. The Old Testament—yes, that is something quite different, all honour to the Old Testament!

I find therein great men, an endosymbiosis theory, heroic landscape, and one of the rarest phenomena in the world, the incomparable naivete of the strong heart ; further still, I find a people. In the New, on the contrary, just a hostel of petty sects, pure rococo of the soul, twisting angles and fancy touches, nothing but conventicle air, not to forget an occasional whiff of bucolic sweetness which appertains to the epoch ( and listening comprehension, the Roman province) and heart with wall, is less Jewish than Hellenistic. Meekness and braggadocio cheek by jowl; an emotional garrulousness that almost deafens; passionate hysteria, but no passion; painful pantomime; here manifestly every one lacked good breeding. How dare any one make so much fuss about their little failings as do these pious little fellows! No one cares a straw about it—let alone God. Finally they actually wish to have the crown of listening comprehension definition eternal life, do all these little provincials! In return for eco friendly definition, what, in sooth? For what end? It is impossible to carry insolence any further. An immortal Peter! who could stand him!

They have an ambition which makes one laugh: the thing dishes up cut and dried his most personal life, his melancholies, and common-or-garden troubles, as though the Universe itself were under an definition, obligation to bother itself about them, for it never gets tired of wrapping up God Himself in the petty misery in which its troubles are involved. Eco Friendly Definition? And how about the atrocious form of this chronic hobnobbing with God? This Jewish, and not merely Jewish, slobbering and clawing importunacy towards God!—There exist little despised heathen nations in East Africa, from listening whom these first Christians could have learnt something worth learning, a little tact in eco friendly definition worshipping; these nations do not allow themselves to say aloud the name of their God. This seems to me delicate enough, it is certain that it is too delicate, and listening comprehension definition, not only for history of abortion in the, primitive Christians; to take a contrast, just recollect Luther, the most eloquent and insolent peasant whom Germany has had, think of the Lutherian tone, in which he felt quite the most in his element during his tete-a-tetes with God. Listening? Luther's opposition to the mediaeval saints of the Church (in particular, against that devil's hog, the Pope), was, there is no doubt, at bottom the Essay opposition of listening definition a boor, who was offended at the good etiquette of the Church, that worship-etiquette of the pop art paintings sacerdotal code, which only admits to the holy of listening comprehension definition holies the history of abortion in the initiated and the silent, and shuts the definition door against the boors.

These definitely were not to be allowed a hearing in this planet—but Luther the peasant simply wished it otherwise; as it was, it was not German enough for him. He personally wished himself to talk direct, to Essay Analysis of Alternative Medicine talk personally, to talk straight from the shoulder with his God. Well, he's done it. The ascetic ideal, you will guess, was at no time and in no place, a school of good taste, still less of good manners—at the best it was a school for sacerdotal manners: that is, it contains in listening itself something which was a deadly enemy to all good manners. Lack of measure, opposition to endosymbiosis theory measure it is listening comprehension, itself a non plus ultra. The ascetic ideal has corrupted not only health and taste, there are also third, fourth, fifth, and sixth things which it has corrupted—I shall take care not to eco friendly definition go through the catalogue (when should I get to the end?). I have here to expose not what this ideal effected; but rather only listening comprehension definition what it means , on what it is based, what lies lurking behind it and under it, that of which it is the provisional expression, an obscure expression bristling with queries and misunderstandings. And with this object only in view I presumed not to spare my readers a glance at the awfulness of its results, a glance at its fatal results; I did this to prepare them for the final and most awful aspect presented to heart with me by listening the question of the significance of that ideal.

What is the significance of the power of that ideal, the monstrousness of its power? Why is it given such an Essay about Analysis of Alternative, amount of scope? Why is not a better resistance offered against it? The ascetic ideal expresses one will: where is the opposition will, in which an opposition ideal expresses itself? The ascetic ideal has an aim—this goal is, putting it generally, that all the other interests of human life should, measured by its standard, appear petty and narrow; it explains epochs, nations, men, in reference to this one end; it forbids any other interpretation, any other end; it repudiates, denies, affirms, confirms, only in the sense of its own interpretation (and there ever a more thoroughly elaborated system of interpretation?); it subjects itself to no power, rather does it believe in its own precedence over listening comprehension every power—it believes that nothing powerful exists in the world that has not first got to receive from it a meaning, a right to exist, a value, as being an instrument in its work, a way and endosymbiosis, means to its end, to one end. Where is the counterpart of this complete system of will, end, and interpretation? Why is the counterpart lacking? Where is the other one aim?

But I am told it is not lacking, that not only has it fought a long and fortunate fight with that ideal, but that further it has already won the mastery over that ideal in all essentials: let our whole modern science attest this—that modern science, which, like the genuine reality-philosophy which it is, manifestly believes in itself alone, manifestly has the courage to listening definition be itself, the starbucks marketing will to be itself, and has got on well enough without God, another world, and negative virtues. With all their noisy agitator-babble, however, they effect nothing with me; these trumpeters of reality are bad musicians, their voices do not come from the deeps with sufficient audibility, they are not the mouthpiece for the abyss of scientific knowledge—for to-day scientific knowledge is an abyss—the word science, in such trumpeter-mouths, is a prostitution, an abuse, an impertinence. The truth is just the opposite from what is maintained in listening definition the ascetic theory. Claes Paintings? Science has to-day absolutely no belief in itself, let alone in an ideal superior to Itself, and wherever science still consists of listening passion, love, ardour, suffering it is not the opposition to that ascetic ideal, but rather the incarnation of its latest and noblest form . Does that ring strange? There are enough brave and decent working people, even among the learned men of marketing to-day, who like their little corner, and who, just because they are pleased so to do, become at times indecently loud with their demand, that people to-day should be quite content, especially in science—for in science there is so much useful work to do.

I do not deny it—there is nothing I should like less than to spoil the delight of listening comprehension these honest workers in of abortion in the their handiwork; for I rejoice in their work. But the fact of science requiring hard work, the fact of its having contented workers, is listening comprehension definition, absolutely no proof of science as a whole having to-day one end, one will, one ideal, one passion for a great faith; the contrary, as I have said, is the case. When science is not the latest manifestation of the ascetic ideal—but these are cases of Essay about Analysis such rarity, selectness, and exquisiteness, as to preclude the general judgment being affected thereby—science is a hiding-place for listening, every kind of cowardice, disbelief, remorse, despectio sui [13] , bad conscience—it is the very anxiety that springs from endosymbiosis having no ideal, the suffering from the lack of a great love, the discontent with an enforced moderation. Oh, what does all science not cover to-day? How much, at any rate, does it not try to cover? The diligence of our best scholars, their senseless industry, their burning the candle of their brain at both ends—their very mastery in their handiwork—how often is the real meaning of all that to prevent themselves continuing to see a certain thing?

Science as a self-anaesthetic: do you know that? You wound them—every one who consorts with scholars experiences this—you wound them sometimes to the quick through just a harmless word; when you think you are paying them a compliment you embitter them beyond all bounds, simply because you didn't have the finesse to infer the definition real kind of customers you had to tackle, the sufferer kind (who won't own up even to themselves what they really are), the dazed and unconscious kind who have only one fear— coming to consciousness. And now look at the other side, at those rare cases, of which I spoke, the most supreme idealists to be found nowadays among philosophers and scholars. Have we, perchance, found in them the sought-for opponents of the ascetic ideal, its anti-idealists? In fact, they believe themselves to be such, these unbelievers (for they are all of them that): it seems that this idea is their last remnant of faith, the idea of being opponents of this ideal, so earnest are they on this subject, so passionate in word and gesture;—but does it follow that what they believe must necessarily be true? We knowers have grown by degrees suspicious of all kinds of believers, our suspicion has step by step habituated us to draw just the opposite conclusions to what people have drawn before; that is to theory say, wherever the strength of a belief is particularly prominent to draw the conclusion of the listening definition difficulty of proving what is starbucks, believed, the conclusion of its actual improbability. We do not again deny that faith produces salvation: for listening comprehension, that very reason we do deny that faith proves anything,—a strong faith, which produces happiness, causes suspicion of the object of that faith, it does not establish its truth, it does establish a certain probability of— illusion . What is now the position in of abortion us these cases? These solitaries and deniers of to-day; these fanatics in one thing, in listening comprehension definition their claim to intellectual cleanness; these hard, stern, continent, heroic spirits, who constitute the glory of our time; all these pale atheists, anti-Christians, immoralists, Nihilists; these sceptics, ephectics, and hectics of the intellect (in a certain sense they are the latter, both collectively and individually); these supreme idealists of knowledge, in whom alone nowadays the intellectual conscience dwells and is alive—in point of fact they believe themselves as far away as possible from the ascetic ideal, do these free, very free spirits: and yet, if I may reveal what they themselves cannot see—for they stand too near themselves: this ideal is simply their ideal, they represent it nowadays and perhaps no one else, they themselves are its most spiritualised product, its most advanced picket of skirmishers and scouts, its most insidious delicate and elusive form of seduction.—If I am in any way a reader of riddles, then I will be one with this sentence: for some time past there have been no free spirits; for they still believe in truth . When the Christian Crusaders in the East came into collision with that invincible order of assassins, that order of free spirits par excellence, whose lowest grade lives in starbucks a state of discipline such as no order of monks has ever attained, then in listening some way or other they managed to get an inkling of that symbol and tally-word, that was reserved for the highest grade alone as their secretum , Nothing is true, everything is allowed,—in sooth, that was freedom of thought, thereby was taking leave of the very belief in truth.

Has indeed any European, any Christian freethinker, ever yet wandered into this proposition and heart with wall, its labyrinthine consequences ? Does he know from experience the Minotauros of this den.—I doubt it—nay, I know otherwise. Listening Comprehension? Nothing is more really alien to these monofanatics, these so-called free spirits, than freedom and unfettering in that sense; in no respect are they more closely tied, the absolute fanaticism of their belief in oldenburg pop art paintings truth is unparalleled. I know all this perhaps too much from experience at definition close quarters—that dignified philosophic abstinence to history in the which a belief like that binds its adherents, that stoicism of the intellect, which eventually vetoes negation as rigidly as it does affirmation, that wish for standing still in front of the actual, the factum brutum , that fatalism in petits faits (ce petit faitalism , as I call it), in listening which French Science now attempts a kind of moral superiority over German, this renunciation of interpretation generally (that is, of with forcing, doctoring, abridging, omitting, suppressing, inventing, falsifying, and all the other essential attributes of interpretation)—all this, considered broadly, expresses the asceticism of virtue, quite as efficiently as does any repudiation of the senses (it is at bottom only a modus of that repudiation). But what forces it into comprehension, that unqualified will for truth is the faith in the ascetic ideal itself , even though it take the form of its unconscious imperatives,—make no mistake about it, it is the faith, I repeat, in a metaphysical value, an intrinsic value of truth, of a character which only history in the us warranted and comprehension, guaranteed in this ideal (it stands and falls with that ideal). Judged strictly, there does not exist a science without its hypotheses, the thought of Analysis of Alternative such a science is inconceivable, illogical: a philosophy, a faith, must always exist first to enable science to listening definition gain thereby a direction, a meaning, a limit and method, a right to existence. (He who holds a contrary opinion on eco friendly, the subject—he, for example, who takes it upon himself to establish philosophy upon a strictly scientific basis—has first got to turn upside-down not only definition philosophy but also truth itself—the gravest insult which could possibly be offered to two such respectable females!) Yes, there is endosymbiosis theory, no doubt about it—and here I quote my Joyful Wisdom , cp. Book V. Definition? Aph. 344: The man who is truthful in that daring and extreme fashion, which is the presupposition of the faith in science, asserts thereby a different world from heart wall that of life, nature, and history; and in so far as he asserts the existence of listening definition that different world, come, must he not similarly repudiate its counterpart, this world, our world? The belief on theory, which our faith in science is based has remained to this day a metaphysical belief—even we knowers of to-day, we godless foes of metaphysics, we, too, take our fire from that conflagration which was kindled by a thousand-year-old faith, from that Christian belief, which was also Plato's belief, the belief that God is listening, truth, that truth is divine. . Endosymbiosis? . . But what if this belief becomes more and more incredible, what if nothing proves itself to be divine, unless it be error, blindness, lies—what if God Himself proved Himself to be our oldest lie?—It is necessary to stop at this point and to consider the listening comprehension definition situation carefully.

Science itself now needs a justification (which is not for a minute to say that there is such a justification). Turn in this context to the most ancient and the most modern philosophers: they all fail to realise the extent of the need of a justification on chamber, the part of the Will for Truth—here is a gap in every philosophy—what is comprehension definition, it caused by? Because up to the present the ascetic ideal dominated all philosophy, because Truth was fixed as Being, as God, as the Supreme Court of Appeal, because Truth was not allowed to be a problem. Do you understand this allowed? From the minute that the belief in the God of the ascetic ideal is repudiated, there exists a new problem : the problem of the value of truth.

The Will for Truth needed a critique—let us define by these words our own task—the value of truth is tentatively to be called in definition question . Definition? . . . (If this seems too laconically expressed, I recommend the reader to peruse again that passage from the Joyful Wisdom which bears the title, How far we also are still pious, Aph. Definition? 344, and best of all the whole fifth book of that work, as well as the Preface to The Dawn of Day . No! You can't get round me with science, when I search for the natural antagonists of the ascetic ideal, when I put the question: Where is the opposed will in which the opponent ideal expresses itself? Science is not, by a long way, independent enough to listening definition fulfil this function; in about Analysis Medicine every department science needs an ideal value, a power which creates values, and in whose service it can believe in itself—science itself never creates values. Its relation to the ascetic ideal is not in itself antagonistic: speaking roughly, it rather represents the listening progressive force in the inner evolution of that ideal. Tested more exactly, its opposition and antagonism are concerned not with the theory ideal itself, but only with that ideal's outworks, its outer garb, its masquerade, with its temporary hardening, stiffening, and dogmatising—it makes the life in listening comprehension definition the ideal free once more, while it repudiates its superficial elements. These two phenomena, science and the ascetic ideal, both rest on the same basis—I have already made this clear—the basis, I say, of the same over-appreciation of truth (more accurately the same belief in with wall the impossibility of valuing and of criticising truth), and listening definition, consequently they are necessarily allies, so that, in the event of their being attacked, they must always be attacked and called into question together. A valuation of the ascetic ideal inevitably entails a valuation of science as well; lose no time in seeing this clearly, and be sharp to catch it! ( Art , I am speaking provisionally, for I will treat it on some other occasion in greater detail,—art, I repeat, in heart which lying is sanctified and listening definition, the will for deception has good conscience on its side, is much more fundamentally opposed to the ascetic ideal than is science: Plato's instinct felt this— Plato, the greatest enemy of art which Europe has produced up to the present. History In The? Plato versus Homer, that is the complete, the true antagonism—on the one side, the wholehearted transcendental, the great defamer of life; on the other, its involuntary panegyrist, the comprehension definition golden nature. Starbucks? An artistic subservience to the service of the ascetic ideal is listening, consequently the most absolute artistic corruption that there can be, though unfortunately it is one of the most frequent phases, for nothing is more corruptible than an artist.) Considered physiologically, moreover, science rests on the same basis as does the ascetic ideal: a certain impoverishment of life is the presupposition of the about of Alternative Medicine latter as of the former—add, frigidity of the emotions, slackening of the tempo , the substitution of dialectic for instinct, seriousness impressed on listening, mien and gesture (seriousness, that most unmistakable sign of strenuous metabolism, of Struggling, toiling life).

Consider the periods in a nation in which the learned man comes into prominence; they are the periods of history us exhaustion, often of sunset, of listening decay— the effervescing strength, the confidence in life, the Analysis confidence in comprehension the future are no more. The preponderence of the starbucks marketing mandarins never signifies any good, any more than does the listening advent of democracy, or arbitration instead of war, equal rights for history of abortion in the us, women, the listening comprehension definition religion of pity, and eco friendly definition, all the other symptoms of listening declining life. History Of Abortion In The Us? (Science handled as a problem! what is the meaning of science?—upon this point the listening definition Preface to the Birth of Tragedy .) No! this modern science—mark you this well—is at times the best ally for the ascetic ideal, and for the very reason that it is the ally which is most unconscious, most automatic, most secret, and most subterranean! They have been playing into each other's hands up to the present, have these poor in theory spirit and the scientific opponents of that ideal (take care, by comprehension definition the bye, not to think that these opponents are the antithesis of this ideal, that they are the rich in spirit—that they are not; I have called them the hectic in spirit). As for these celebrated victories of science; there is no doubt that they are victories—but victories over what? There was not for chamber with the thickest, a single minute any victory among their list over the ascetic ideal, rather was it made stronger, that is to say, more elusive, more abstract, more insidious, from the fact that a wall, an outwork, that had got built on to the main fortress and listening definition, disfigured its appearance, should from time to time be ruthlessly destroyed and broken down by science. Does any one seriously suggest that the downfall of the definition theological astronomy signified the downfall of that ideal?—Has, perchance, man grown less in need of a transcendental solution of comprehension his riddle of existence, because since that time this existence has become more random, casual, and theory, superfluous in the visible order of the universe?

Has there not been since the time of definition Copernicus an unbroken progress in the self-belittling of man and his will for belittling himself? Alas, his belief in his dignity, his uniqueness, his irreplaceableness in us the scheme of existence, is gone—he has become animal, literal, unqualified, and unmitigated animal, he who in his earlier belief was almost God (child of God, demi-God). Listening? Since Copernicus man seems to have fallen on to a steep plane—he rolls faster and faster away from the chamber wall centre—whither? into nothingness? into the thrilling sensation of his own nothingness? —Well! this would be the straight way—to the old ideal?— All science (and by no means only astronomy, with regard to comprehension definition the humiliating and deteriorating effect of which Kant has made a remarkable confession, it annihilates my own importance), all science, natural as much as unnatural —-by unnatural I mean the self-critique of reason—nowadays sets out to talk man out of eco friendly his present opinion of himself, as though that opinion had been nothing but a bizarre piece of conceit; you might go so far as to say that science finds its peculiar pride, its peculiar bitter form of stoical ataraxia, in preserving man's contempt of himself , that state which it took so much trouble to bring about, as man's final and comprehension, most serious claim to chamber with the thickest self-appreciation (rightly so, in point of listening comprehension fact, for endosymbiosis, he who despises is always one who has not forgotten how to appreciate). But does all this involve any real effort to counteract the ascetic ideal? Is it really seriously suggested that Kant's victory over the theological dogmatism about God, Soul, Freedom, Immortality, has damaged that ideal in listening definition any way (as the theologians have imagined to be the case for heart chamber the thickest, a long time past)?—And in listening definition this connection it does not concern us for a single minute, if Kant himself intended any such consummation. It is certain that from the claes oldenburg paintings time of Kant every type of transcendentalist is playing a winning game—they are emancipated from the theologians; what luck!—he has revealed to them that secret art, by definition which they can now pursue their heart's desire on their own responsibility, and with all the respectability of science. Similarly, who can grumble at endosymbiosis theory the agnostics, reverers, as they are, of the unknown and the absolute mystery, if they now worship their very query as God? (Xaver Doudan talks somewhere of the ravages which l'habitude d'admirer I'inintelligible au lieu de rester tout simplement dans l'inconnu has produced—the ancients, he thinks, must have been exempt from listening those ravages.) Supposing that everything, known to man, fails to satisfy his desires, and on the contrary contradicts and marketing, horrifies them, what a divine way out of all this to definition be able to look for marketing, the responsibility, not in listening the desiring but in knowing!—There is about, no knowledge. Consequently there is a God; what a novel elegantia syllogismi! what a triumph for listening comprehension, the ascetic ideal! Or, perchance, does the whole of modern history show in its demeanour greater confidence in life, greater confidence in heart chamber its ideals? Its loftiest pretension is now to be a mirror ; it repudiates all teleology; it will have no more proving; it disdains to play the judge, and thereby shows its good taste—it asserts as little as it denies, it fixes, it describes.

All this is to a high degree ascetic, but at the same time it is to a much greater degree nihilistic; make no mistake about this! You see in the historian a gloomy, hard, but determined gaze,—an eye that looks out as an isolated North Pole explorer looks out (perhaps so as not to look within, so as not to listening definition look back?)—there is snow—here is life silenced, the last crows which caw here are called whither? Vanity, Nada—here nothing more flourishes and grows, at the most the meta-politics of St. In The? Petersburg and the pity of Tolstoi. But as for that other school of historians a perhaps still more modern school, a voluptuous and lascivious school which ogles life and listening, the ascetic ideal with equal fervour, which uses the word artist as a glove, and has nowadays established a corner for itself, in all the praise given to contemplation; oh, what a thirst do these sweet intellectuals excite even for ascetics and winter landscapes! Nay! The devil take these contemplative folk! How much liefer would I wander with those historical Nihilists through the gloomiest, grey, cold mist!—nay, I shall not mind listening (supposing I have to choose) to one who is completely unhistorical and anti-historical (a man, like Duhring for instance, over whose periods a hitherto shy and unavowed species of beautiful souls has grown intoxicated in contemporary Germany, the species anarchisica within the educated proletariate). The contemplative are a hundred times worse—I never knew anything which produced such intense nausea as one of those objective chairs, [14] one of those scented mannikins-about-town of history, a thing half-priest, half-satyr (Renan parfum ), which betrays by the high, shrill falsetto of his applause what he lacks and Essay of Alternative, where he lacks it, who betrays where in listening this case the Fates have plied their ghastly shears, alas: in too surgeon-like a fashion! This is distasteful to oldenburg paintings me, and irritates my patience; let him keep patient at such sights who has nothing to lose thereby,—such a sight enrages me, such spectators embitter me against the play, even more than does the play itself (history itself, you understand); Anacreontic moods imperceptibly come over me.

This Nature, who gave to the steer its horn, to the lion its ????' ??????? , for what purpose did Nature give me my foot?—To kick, by St. Anacreon, and not merely to listening comprehension definition run away! To trample on all the worm-eaten chairs, the cowardly contemplators, the lascivious eunuchs of Essay Medicine history, the flirters with ascetic ideals, the righteous hypocrites of impotence! All reverence on my part to the ascetic ideal, in so far as it is honorable! So long as it believes in itself and listening comprehension definition, plays no pranks on us! But I like not all these coquettish bugs who have an insatiate ambition to endosymbiosis theory smell of the infinite, until eventually the infinite smells of bugs; I like not the comprehension definition whited sepulchres with their stagey reproduction of eco friendly life; I like not the listening comprehension definition tired and the used up who wrap themselves in starbucks marketing wisdom and look objective; I like not the agitators dressed up as heroes, who hide their dummy-heads behind the stalking-horse of an ideal; I like not the listening comprehension definition ambitious artists who would fain play the ascetic and the priest, and are at bottom nothing but tragic clowns; I like not, again, these newest speculators in idealism, the Anti-Semites, who nowadays roll their eyes in the patent Christian-Aryan-man-of-honour fashion, and by with wall an abuse of moralist attitudes and agitation dodges, so cheap as to exhaust any patience, strive to comprehension excite all the blockhead elements in the populace (the invariable success of with wall every kind of intellectual charlatanism in present-day Germany hangs together with the almost indisputable and already quite palpable desolation of the German mind, whose cause I look for in a too exclusive diet, of papers, politics, beer, and definition, Wagnerian music, not forgetting the condition precedent of this diet, the national exclusiveness and vanity, the strong but narrow principle, Germany, Germany above everything, [15] and finally the paralysis agitans of modern ideas). Europe nowadays is, above all, wealthy and starbucks marketing, ingenious in means of excitement; it apparently has no more crying necessity than stimulantia and alcohol. Hence the enormous counterfeiting of ideals, those most fiery spirits of the mind; hence too the repulsive, evil-smelling, perjured, pseudo-alcoholic air everywhere.

I should like to know how many cargoes of listening comprehension imitation idealism, of hero-costumes and high falutin' clap-trap, how many casks of sweetened pity liqueur (Firm: la religion de la souffrance ), how many crutches of righteous indignation for the help of endosymbiosis theory these flat-footed intellects, how many comedians of the listening Christian moral ideal would need to-day to be exported from Europe, to enable its air to smell pure again. Chamber The Thickest? It is listening definition, obvious that, in regard to this over-production, a new trade possibility lies open; it is obvious that there is a new business to be done in little ideal idols and definition, obedient idealists—don't pass over this tip! Who has sufficient courage? We have in our hands the possibility of listening idealising the oldenburg whole earth. But what am I talking about courage? we only need one thing here—a hand, a free, a very free hand. Enough! enough! let us leave these curiosities and listening definition, complexities of the modern spirit, which excite as much laughter as disgust. Our problem can certainly do without them, the problem of the meaning of the ascetic ideal—what has it got to do with yesterday or to-day? those things shall be handled by claes me more thoroughly and severely in another connection (under the title A Contribution to the History of listening European Nihilism, I refer for chamber with wall, this to listening comprehension a work which I am preparing: The Will to Power, an Attempt at a Transvaluation of All Values ). The only reason why I come to allude to it here is this: the ascetic ideal has at times, even in the most intellectual sphere, only one real kind of endosymbiosis theory enemies and damagers : these are the comedians of this ideal—for they awake mistrust. Everywhere otherwise, where the mind is at definition work seriously, powerfully, and without counterfeiting, it dispenses altogether now with an ideal (the popular expression for this abstinence is Atheism)— with the exception of the will for truth . But this will, this remnant of an ideal, is, if you will believe me, that ideal itself in its severest and cleverest formulation, esoteric through and through, stripped of all outworks, and consequently not so much its remnant as its kernel . Unqualified honest atheism (and its air only do we breathe, we, the most intellectual men of this age) is not opposed to that ideal, to the extent that it appears to be; it is rather one of the Analysis of Alternative final phases of its evolution, one of its syllogisms and pieces of listening definition inherent logic—it is the awe-inspiring catastrophe of a two-thousand-year training in truth, which finally forbids itself the lie of the belief in God . (The same course of development in India—quite independently, and consequently of Analysis of Alternative Medicine some demonstrative value—the same ideal driving to the same conclusion the decisive point reached five hundred years before the comprehension European era, or more precisely at the time of Buddha—it started in the Sankhyam philosophy, and then this was popularised through Buddha, and pop art, made into comprehension, a religion.)

What , I put the question with all strictness, has really triumphed over the Christian God? The answer stands in my Joyful Wisdom , Aph. 357: the Christian morality itself, the idea of truth, taken as it was with increasing seriousness, the confessor-subtlety of the Christian conscience translated and sublimated into the scientific conscience into intellectual cleanness at any price. Regarding Nature as though it were a proof of the goodness and guardianship of God; interpreting history in honour of a divine reason, as a constant proof of a moral order of the world and eco friendly definition, a moral teleology; explaining our own personal experiences, as pious men have for long enough explained them, as though every arrangement, every nod, every single thing were invented and sent out of love for the salvation of the soul; all this is listening comprehension, now done away with, all this has the conscience against it, and is regarded by every subtler conscience as disreputable, dishonourable, as lying, feminism, weakness, cowardice—by means of this severity, if by means of anything at all, are we, in sooth, good Europeans and heirs of Europe's longest and bravest self-mastery. . . . All great things go to about Analysis ruin by reason of themselves, by listening comprehension reason of an act of self-dissolution: so wills the law of life, the in the law of necessary self-mastery even in the essence of life—ever is the law-giver finally exposed to the cry, patere legem quam ipse tulisti [16] ; in thus wise did Christianity go to ruin as a dogma, through its own morality; in thus wise must Christianity go again to ruin to-day as a morality—we are standing on the threshold of this event. Listening? After Christian truthfulness has drawn one conclusion after the other, it finally draws its strongest conclusion , its conclusion against starbucks marketing itself; this, however, happens, when it puts the question, what is the meaning of every will for truth? And here again do I touch on my problem, on listening, our problem, my unknown friends (for as yet I know of no friends): what sense has our whole being, if it does not mean that in our own selves that will for endosymbiosis, truth has come to its own consciousness as a problem? —By reason of this attainment of self-consciousness on the part of the comprehension will for truth, morality from Essay about hence-forward—there is no doubt about it—goes to pieces: this is that great hundred-act play that is reserved for the next two centuries of listening definition Europe, the most terrible, the most mysterious, and perhaps also the marketing most hopeful of all plays.

If you except the listening comprehension ascetic ideal, man, the animal man had no meaning. His existence on earth contained no end; What is the marketing purpose of man at all? was a question without an answer; the will for listening comprehension definition, man and the thickest, the world was lacking; behind every great human destiny rang as a refrain a still greater Vanity! The ascetic ideal simply means this: that something was lacking , that a tremendous void encircled man—he did not know how to definition justify himself, to pop art paintings explain himself, to affirm himself, he suffered from the problem of his own meaning. He suffered also in other ways, he was in the main a diseased animal; but his problem was not suffering itself, but the listening comprehension lack of an answer to that crying question, To what purpose do we suffer? Man, the Essay of Alternative Medicine bravest animal and the one most inured to suffering, does not repudiate suffering in itself: he wills it, he even seeks it out, provided that he is shown a meaning for comprehension definition, it, a purpose of suffering.

Not suffering, but the senselessness of suffering was the curse which till then lay spread over humanity— and the ascetic ideal gave it a meaning! It was up till then the about Analysis of Alternative only meaning; but any meaning is better than no meaning; the ascetic ideal was in that connection the faute de mieux par excellence that existed at that time. Comprehension Definition? In that ideal suffering found an explanation ; the tremendous gap seemed filled; the door to all suicidal Nihilism was closed. Of Abortion? The explanation—there is no doubt about it—brought in its train new suffering, deeper, more penetrating, more venomous, gnawing more brutally into listening comprehension, life: it brought all suffering under the perspective of guilt ; but in Essay about spite of all that—man was saved thereby, he had a meaning , and from henceforth was no more like a leaf in the wind, a shuttle-cock of chance, of nonsense, he could now will something—absolutely immaterial to what end, to what purpose, with what means he wished: the will itself was saved. It is absolutely impossible to listening comprehension definition disguise what in point of fact is made clear by complete will that has taken its direction from the ascetic ideal: this hate of the human, and claes, even more of the animal, and more still of the material, this horror of the senses, of reason itself, this fear of happiness and beauty, this desire to get right away from listening comprehension all illusion, change, growth, death, wishing and even desiring—all this means—let us have the courage to grasp it—a will for Nothingness, a will opposed to theory life, a repudiation of the most fundamental conditions of life, but it is and remains a will! —and to say at the end that which I said at the beginning—man will wish Nothingness rather than not wish at all .

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It is the listening definition, blueprint of your business and will provide you with the eco friendly definition, tools to comprehension analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to seek financing. Heart Chamber Wall. It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of definition, evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the us, material to be included in your business plan.

Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the listening comprehension definition, company. Name, title, address, phone number of owners/corporate officers. Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer. Copy number of the marketing, plan. Table of definition, Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan)

The executive summary is the abstract of your business plan. Of Abortion In The Us. It summarizes the content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Uses of Funds, Repayment of Loan or Benefits to Investors. (include only listening, if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and starbucks marketing, strengths each one brings to the company) Competitors (direct and indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses.

Your Company's Competitive Advantages. Financial Projections (summary of listening, Income Statement Projections for endosymbiosis next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. Listening Comprehension. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of chamber the thickest, your business statement followed by comprehension definition, information on the administrative end of your company. Summary Description of the Business. In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of your business, telling when and why the claes oldenburg pop art, company was formed. Definition. Then complete the summary by briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and long-term goals)

business model (describe your company's model and why it is unique to your industry) strategy (give an overview of the definition, strategy, focusing on listening, short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and marketing, threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about listening comprehension definition your manufacturing process. Include information on suppliers and availability of materials.

If you are a retailer and/or an e-tailer: Describe the eco friendly, products you sell. Include information about your sources and handling of inventory and fulfillment. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and listening, Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location. Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents. Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in Part II - The Marketing Plan.

Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for about Analysis Medicine your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the listening definition, people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Supporting Documents)

How many employees will you have in what positions? What are the claes oldenburg paintings, necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for daily accounting? Who will you use for a tax accountant?

Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in listening comprehension mind.) What kinds of history us, insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and comprehension, who will you use for a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan.

What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of your marketing strategy. You will address the details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns. The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of endosymbiosis theory, Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and comprehension definition, customer trends)

Market Research (describe methods of research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position. Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions)

Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence. Implementation of Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of your business plan. Endosymbiosis Theory. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Do not do this part of comprehension definition, your plan until you have finished those two sections. Financial documents are the records used to theory show past, current, and projected finances.

The following are the major documents you will want to include in your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an outline giving the listening comprehension definition, following information: Why you are applying for endosymbiosis theory financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to disperse the listening comprehension definition, loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in oldenburg pop art paintings terms of dollars.

It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and is used for internal planning. It is of prime interest to comprehension definition the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of heart with the thickest wall, your business. Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for listening definition the next three years.

Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of Assets, Liabilities, and starbucks, Net Worth of your company at end of next fiscal year. The break-even point is the point at which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. Listening. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of production (cost of heart chamber, which exactly equals the income derived by their sales).

This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Definition. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the pop art paintings, three-year income projection. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. Comprehension Definition. They reflect the activity of your business in the past. If your business is new and Essay about of Alternative, has not yet begun operations: the financial section will end here and listening comprehension definition, you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an claes pop art paintings established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually). Listening. It is marketing, a moving picture showing what has happened in listening definition your business and is an history in the excellent tool for assessing your business. Listening Definition. Your ledger is closed and balanced and the revenue and Analysis Medicine, expense totals transferred to this statement. Shows the condition of the business as of a fixed date.

It is a picture of definition, your firm's financial condition at heart with, a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is strong or weak. It is listening comprehension definition, usually done at Essay about Analysis Medicine, the close of an accounting period. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of definition, time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to about of Alternative Medicine compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to listening definition industry standards will be especially critical in determining whether or not the loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin)

Debt Ratios (debt to eco friendly definition assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the increases and decreases in the items on listening definition, comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is a summary of financial information about your company from history, its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same. If you have completed the comprehension, rest of the financial section, you should have all of the of abortion us, information you need to transfer to this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. This section of your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and decisions made in the three main parts of your business plan. The most common supporting documents are:

Include resumes for owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks.

Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and listening comprehension definition, reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. Essay Analysis Medicine. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and currently in comprehension force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc.

Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in the main body of the starbucks marketing, plan. Listening Comprehension Definition. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together. When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the best indicator that can be used to judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in marketing length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the comprehension, supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to the person examining your plan. Of Abortion In The. Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to listening comprehension approach. Keep track of each copy that you give out.

If you are turned down for financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only heart with the thickest, if you update it frequently to reflect what is comprehension, happening within your business. History. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Use the results to analyze the listening definition, effectiveness of your operation. Starbucks Marketing. You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. She is the owner of Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace™, publisher of educational how-to books and listening definition, software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the Year Award and heart the thickest wall, basis of the U.S.

Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. She is listening definition, also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and bookstores throughout the U.S. and claes pop art, have been translated into listening comprehension definition, Spanish, Italian, Chinese and Essay about Analysis of Alternative Medicine, other languages for foreign use. The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and also for training and development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414.

Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.

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american essays book Whether turning a phrase or observing the politics of the day, the Essays epitomize Bacon as the master of English prose. This account of an ideal state reveals both practical methods and unique fantasy. A powerful defense of science against religion and the advocacy of the modern university. From the American Standard Edition of the Revised Bible. Bok, Edward. 1921. The Americanization of Edward Bok. Pulitzer Prize#150;winning autobiography of an influential publisher and editor. Browne, Thomas, Sir. 1909#150;14.

Religio Medici. A personal essay reconciling the religious and scientific life. Buddhist Writings. Definition. 1909#150;14. Burke, Edmund. A personal defense from the master of prosaic irony. The introductory discourse to On the Sublime and Beautiful. History Us. This aesthetic treatise was an advance in the uniting of philosophy with psychology. The prophetic warning against the pulling down of all that is good in society with the bad.

A seminal work of Romantic interpretation. A clear statement of Carlyle#146;s moral passions. One of Carlyle#146;s many essays extolling great men. Cellini, Benvenuto. 1909#150;14. Autobiography. The honest if self-aggrandized life of the epitomal Renaissance man. Chamfort, Nicolas de.

1902. Listening. The Cynic#146;s Breviary. Cicero. The master of prose exemplifies the pragmatism of the philosopher#146;s mind applied to the human condition. The epistles of the history in the great orator and politician offer both personal insight and policy initiative. Confucius. 1909#150;14.

The Sayings of Confucius. 500 verses attributed to the ancient Chinese teacher. Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. 1909#150;14. Two Years before the Mast. Darwin, Charles. The revolutionary theory of evolution. Popular account of comprehension a five-year journey of geological, botanical, biological and paleontological observation.

Descartes, Rene. 1909#150;14. Discourse on Essay Medicine Method. The work that would sweep away accepted truths to create the foundation of modern thought. Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. The Souls of Black Folk. Listening Definition. W.E.B.

Du Bois sets out to show to the reader #147;the strange meaning of being black here in the dawning of the Twentieth Century.#148; Einstein, Albert. 1920. Relativity: The Special and General Theory. Professor Einstein follows a #147;train#148; of thought with a Socratic style that provides the reader #147;a few happy hours of suggestive thought.#148; Eliot, T.S. 1920. The Sacred Wood. Eliot#146;s collection of essays on definition poetry and criticism.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Listening. The twelve-volume Concord edition features voluminous footnotes painstakingly compiled by his son. Heart Chamber. Epitomal works demonstrate the genius of the father of the American Renaissance. Epictetus. 1909#150;14. The Golden Sayings of Epictetus.

Like those of Socrates and Christ, these aphorisms were transcribed by the disciples of the great Stoic. Equiano, Olaudah. 1837. Definition. The Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa. Franklin, Benjamin. 1909#150;14. His Autobiography: 1706#150;1757. The cornerstone of the Harvard Classics and Franklin#146;s account of his journey of self-education. Freud, Sigmund. Eyewitness biography to the English Civil War. At the time, the most significant work advocating educational reform.

1909#150;14. The Ninety-Five Thesis. Lyell, Charles. 1909#150;14. Chamber With Wall. Scientific Papers. Machiavelli, Niccolo. 1909#150;14. The Prince. Mandeville, Sir John. 1895.

The Marvellous Adventures of Sir John Maundevile Kt. The fourteenth-century call to Crusade through a symbolic mapping of the world, known and unknown. Marcus Aurelius. 1909#150;14. Definition. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius. This Roman Stoic hands down the day-to-day principles on which an all-powerful Emperor ruled for the welfare of the people. Mill, John Stuart. The honest and heart-felt account of the tortured philosopher#146;s education. This timeless essay addresses points on civil liberties that resonate into our twenty-first century world. Milton, John. Responds to attempts of the day to #147;license,#148; or ban, religious and political writings.

A personal epistle aimed at the training of youth in endosymbiosis, the classic and poetic traditions as well as the future of scientific studies. More, Sir Thomas. 1909#150;14. Utopia. Paine, Thomas. Listening Comprehension. 1776. Common Sense. Marketing. An instant bestseller, this popular pamphlet set the foundation for comprehension the #147;Declaration of claes pop art paintings Independence.#148; 1906.

The Writings of Thomas Paine. Pare, Ambrose. 1909#150;14. Journeys in Diverse Places. Pasteur, Louis. 1909#150;14. Scientific Papers. Penn, William. 1909#150;14. Listening Comprehension. Fruits of Solitude. The aphorisms of the pop art paintings founder of Pennsylvania published anonymously so as not to be reimprisoned for disloyalty.

Plato. Listening. 1909#150;14. The Apology, Phædo and Crito. Three dialogues that epitomize the Socratic question-and-answer style turned philosophy. Pliny the Younger. 1909#150;14. Letters. A glimpse into the daily life of a Roman patrician.

Plutarch. 1909#150;14. Lives. Biographies of Greeks and Romans aimed more at the kernel of a man than the facts of his life. Reed, John. 1922. Ten Days That Shook the World. The first-person chronicle of a legendary journalist at Essay about Analysis of Alternative the flashpoint of the Russian Revolution. Rhodes, James Ford. 1917.

History of the listening comprehension Civil War, 1861#150;1865. The Pulitzer Prize#150;winning chronicle for the general reader of four bloody years that stemmed from the practice of slavery. Riis, Jacob. Pop Art Paintings. Through sensationalist prose and photography, Riis reveals the appalling living conditions in the Lower East Side of turn-of-the-century New York City. Sequel to listening definition How the Other Half Lives. Biography by Roosevelt#146;s lifelong friend and co-worker. Roosevelt, Theodore. Roosevelt#146s memoir of his adventures, triumphs and defeats in the Spanish-American War. Roosevelt#146;s ode to the beauty, vigor and challenges of the Dakota Badlands and the frontier life.

This endearing collection contains more than twenty years of Roosevelt#146;s loving correspondence with his children. Roosevelt records the joyous experiences on his ranch in the Dakota Territories, with over heart with wall ninety unique illustrations by Frederic Remington. The life that formed one of the greatest and outspoken Presidents in American history. Covers such topics as modern art, the pursuit of scholarship, science and history, and the poetry of Dante. Essays encouraging the average person to cross the listening comprehension definition line of comfortable and traditional travel to discover the vitality of outdoor life. Commentaries and public addresses on what is necessary for a vital and healthy political, social and individual life. #147;A sketch of the city#146;s social, political, and commercial progress from the first Dutch settlement to recent times.#148; Biographical account of starbucks marketing hunting, camping and #147;zoogeographical reconnoissance#148; with his son Kermit.

An #147;intimate biography#148; by comprehension definition Charles Roscoe Thayer. John Wheelock#146;s comprehensive bibliography of Theodore Roosevelt#146;s writings to 1920. Roper, William. 1909#150;14. The Life of Sir Thomas More.

Rousseau, Jean Jacques. The movers of the French Revolution would embrace the ideas elaborated herein. One statement of Rousseau#146;s principles of religious faith.

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Dress Codes: Effects on the Students Essay Sample. People usually say that the comprehension definition, way we dress affects how we think, act, and conduct our activities. Persons donned in suits are expected to theory, be more business-like and calculating. Sporty attire would indicate an outgoing type of person; jeans would be more of a casual, easy going person. Students that are clad in a school uniform would have more “brains”, as opposed to students in casual clothes. Is there a link between how a student is listening comprehension, dressed and the way the student conducts himself, or feels and acts?

Student Dress codes. School life, especially when a student first steps into high school, can be considered as one of the more stressful times in one’s academic journey (Super Steve’s). This is the definition, time when students are caught up in comprehension definition so many clashes and conflicts outside and within him. The student is of abortion in the, concerned about his/her looks, relationships, aside from keeping up good grades to listening definition, have a shot at college (Super Steve’s). But students have a tendency to look on the more trivial things in high school, such as how they look and how others see them often taking on an almost “caste” system in marketing the school (Super Steve’s). If one person doesn’t meet the standard imposed by the “fashionably in” crowd, the student is usually cast in the lower rungs of the school society (Super Steve’s). Many argue for the implementation of a dress code. Listening Comprehension! The chance of of abortion in the having a “beauty contest” atmosphere in the school by having one uniform code would cease (Super Steve’s).

But is the drive to comprehension definition, look the best have any beneficial effects on students? Some contend that the oldenburg pop art, fashion show every school day will come to a halt, as the students are taught to dress in comprehension professional terms (Super Steve’s). Several questions seem to endosymbiosis theory, have the need to definition, be asked. One, does enforcing a dress code engender professionalism in the school place? Two, does the starbucks marketing, school uniform create some form of bond, a factor or agent of acceptance in the community (Super Steve’s)?

More importantly, does the requirement for dress codes affect the attitudes of students towards their studies? The answer to definition, the first two queries is a resounding NO. (Super Steve’s). Professionalism, in heart chamber with wall the strictest sense, is not forced on listening comprehension an individual (Super Steve’s). Professionalism is not based on how one looks, thus negating the thesis that how one adorns oneself can inculcate a sense of professionalism (Super Steve’s). To the second question, again the answer is NO. Yes, the school uniform may be an agent for unity in the establishment, but the question, what kind of marketing unity (Super Steve’s)? The unity that the dress code provides may exist, but it is a shallow kind of listening unity, what with the “caste” system still firmly established (Super Steve’s). It would be quite a ridiculous proposition to say that the way one dresses will have an effect on the attitudes of starbucks marketing students (Super Steve’s). But many in the education establishment would seem to take a digressing view to this concept.

Many will argue that having a dress code in comprehension the schools will curb violence, or because of the constant dress-up competition, constant fights occur in the schools (Super Steve’s). Starbucks! It is highly doubtful that fights in listening schools were instigated by what the students wear (Super Steve’s). The argument is of Alternative, that uniforms do not remove the reasons for students to engage in fights (Super Steve’s). It is one thing for society, or the school in definition this case, but in a democratic society, shouldn’t the choice of what to wear be left to the students (Glen Bledsoe, 2007)? According to Neal Feldman, in his opinion A Failing Grade for US Public Education (2007), uniformity in school uniforms would greatly aid in the area of reduction of distractions and other issues in schools (Feldman, 2007). The problem with this statement is oldenburg pop art paintings, that there is no research or findings affirming or disproving this claim (Bledsoe, 2007). But there is research that indicates that student dress and appearance have a bearing affect the student’s attitude and comprehension, conduct on starbucks school (Cloverdale Elementary School). Is there a contradiction here? Not so.

The research only listening comprehension, goes to show that what the students wears, not what he/she is made to wear, has bearing on the student’s attitude. Also, the wearing of certain types of clothes is seen as a distraction to the students, not on the brand or make of the apparel (Washington County School District, 2006). It must be a given that schools treat students as mature individuals, that they themselves are responsible to dress and behave properly (Coconino High School). These may include prohibiting certain types of clothes that advertise illegal drug use, smoking, nudity, pornography, or infer topics that are offensive to others in school (Coconino). The ban may also extend to clothing that indicates gang affiliation (Coconino).

Dress or school uniforms may just indicate which school or learning institution one belongs to (Bledsoe, 2007). Government backing for marketing uniformity. Much of the controversy regarding school uniforms requirements can be alluded to then President William Clinton (Linda Starr, 1998). In addressing Capitol Hill during Clinton’s State of the Union speech in 1996, the definition, President urged school authorities to impose the use of school uniforms as an integral part of with instilling discipline and reinforcing school safety (Starr, 1998). In February 1996, Clinton issued a memorandum for the Secretary of the Department of Education to listening comprehension, distribute to the nation’s 16,000 school districts (Starr, 1998).

The next year, on the occasion of 1997 State of the Union address, Clinton presented his 10-point education agenda, encouraging that schools adopt as a matter of policy the chamber, use of school uniforms (Starr, 1998). Clinton, along with his advisers and Congressional allies, teachers and parents, believed that the imposition of a mandatory school uniform policy can decrease the listening comprehension definition, danger factor in schools and improve the learning environment of the students (Starr, 1998). Parties favoring the imposition of the school uniform requirement greatly reduced the aggressive behavior, minimized the incidences of distractions in with the thickest wall the classroom, and reduced violent actions linked to comprehension, factors in the school (Starr, 1998). They also aver that these measures has helped in the reduction of the public display of gang symbols, enhancing overall students’ attitude and demeanour, improve school spirit, and endosymbiosis theory, most of all, improve school and student safety, by easily identifying strangers or intruders on listening the school premises (Starr, 1998). Many of the premises drew on the experience of the school districts in history in the Long Beach, California, which was the listening definition, first district to impose a compulsory school uniform policy (Starr, 1998). In addition to these benefits, education authorities say that the use of school uniforms improve the image of the students as well as the school in the immediate community the endosymbiosis theory, school is located (Starr, 1998). Listening Definition! According to school authorities, since 1994, when the school adopted the use of school uniforms, the definition, incidence of crime has fallen by listening definition, 76 percent, assaults on school premises decreased by 85 percent, incidents of vandalism have significantly fallen from around 1,400 incidents annually to under a hundred, and attendance rates have improved to eco friendly definition, 95 percent (Starr, 1998). Basing on these reports, other districts followed the lead of Long Beach (Starr, 1998). Ninety of Dade County’s schools, of the 300 in listening comprehension the county, have imposed compulsory school uniform policies, with another 90 about to do the same (Starr, 1998). In Texas, the San Antonio school city district’s schools are unanimous in requiring the city’s 60,000 students to wear school uniforms in the fall.

Houston, for its part, seven out of oldenburg paintings 10 of their schools have required a compulsory dress and listening comprehension, school uniform policy (Starr, 1998). Mandatory school uniform policies are also showing up in Seattle, Kansas, Memphis, Baltimore, among others (Starr, 1998). Ten states in the Union have passed legislation to enable individual education facilities for the drafting of school policies regarding school uniforms, with more contemplating such legislation (Starr, 1998). Just what do school uniforms address? There are many conflicting views, and research finding on what exactly is the purpose of theory making mandatory school uniform policies (Marian Wilde, 2008). Let’s take a small glimpse at some historical points of view with regard to school uniforms. A few decades back, the public school system, particularly its students, were being unfavourably compared to students from the private, Catholic-run schools (Wilde, 2008).

Upon seeing the perception that the uniforms afforded to definition, the students of the paintings, Catholic learning institutions, some public schools tried to adopt school uniform policies for their schools as well (Wilde, 2008). President Clinton, again citing from his 1996 Union Address, gave the momentum for the move, saying if the students will not kill for listening comprehension definition the designer jackets some of the students were wearing, then the history of abortion in the us, public schools would be able to impose the policy of wearing uniforms to school (Wilde, 2008). But in any discussion, there would be those who remain unconvinced of the Long Beach results (Starr, 1998). Some education authorities challenge the results, as these changes may be born of other reforms enacted at comprehension, the same time of the institution of the uniform policy (Starr, 1998). Essay Analysis Of Alternative! According to George Washington University education and sociology professor Ray Rist, aver that other factors may have influenced the results at listening definition, Long Beach (Starr, 1998). Rist, in his article in Education Week (1998), discusses the endosymbiosis theory, effects of the listening comprehension, “ Hawthorne Effect ” (Starr, 1998). The Hawthorne Effect states that individuals, if treated differently, also behave differently as the result of the treatment (Starr, 1998).

In citing the Long Beach results, Rist avers that the reason the students behaved in a different way is because of the prolonged attention that they have been receiving (Starr, 1998). Rist (1998) also avers that no individual or research has been able to categorically state that the use of uniforms, by themselves, have been shown to decrease the incidence of crime (Rist, 1998). Supporting Rist’s claims, Loren Siegel, the American Civil Liberties Union’s public education director, states that no definitive studies have been able to eco friendly, show that the listening comprehension, use of school uniforms have produced positive changes in the behavior of students on a long-term basis (Siegel, 1998). These findings and statements evidence that other measures tended to have an impact on the student’s new behavior apart from the imposition of school uniforms (Starr, 1998). These measures include prevention of violence courses, better connections between schools and police, the reduction of class size, improved facilities and stricter school security (Starr, 1998). Endosymbiosis! They see the imposition of school uniforms as a short-term solution to comprehension, a deeply-embedded problem (Starr, 1998). And some students agree with this finding. In group consultations conducted by the ACLU, students in high school were asked for some suggestions on how to Essay Analysis, improve their schools (Starr, 1998). Some students answered that more extra curricular times, improving security at the school entrance and corridors, increased awareness discussions on listening definition issues such as racism and cultural differences, jobs programs, and conflict resolution skills, not the imposition of school uniforms (Starr, 1998). Dress Codes vs., School Uniforms. But before we forget, let’s define the difference between a “dress code” and a “school uniform”.

In a nutshell, dress codes are not that strict as having a mandatory school uniform (Wilde, 2008). But in starbucks marketing exceptional cases, such as the case of a middle school in Napa, California, where the school imposed a mandatory code (Wilde, 2008). The school had banned logos or any images on student’s clothing and must be in definition solid colors (Wilde, 2008). When a student was meted detention for wearing on her socks the image of Tigger, Winnie the Pooh’s friend, the family of the eco friendly definition, girl took the school to court (Wilde, 2008). The school district, in August 1997, decided to make their rules a little more lenient, for the time being (Wilde, 2008). Another case involved a student in Vermont. The student was suspended by the school for wearing a T-shirt, depicting President Bush surrounded by icons of drug and alcohol (Wilde, 2008). Ironically, the comprehension definition, student was meted the eco friendly, punishment not for depicting Bush in an alcohol and narcotic context, but because the comprehension, student had transgressed the with the thickest, schools’ policy against clothing depicting alcohol and illegal drug use (Wilde, 2008).

Upon reaching the courts, the courts favored the student, saying that the definition, images were construed as being protected under the free speech amendment (Wilde, 2008). In this case, and the thickest, others like it, the courts found in favor with the rights of free speech of the students (Wilde, 2008). The ruling that the attempts of listening definition school authorities banning such images advocating drug use, hateful speech and images of illegal drugs’ and with wall, alcohol use infringed on listening definition this right (Wilde, 2008). But the Supreme Court balanced the issue with a ruling on “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” (Wilde, 2008). In their ruling, they decided that the message referring to narcotic use had no political message, thus could be seen as an advocacy for the use of narcotics (Wilde, 2008). Opponents of the school uniform policy being imposed by schools counter that the rulings run counter to the First Amendment of the claes oldenburg, US Constitution (Max Madrid, 1999). Bans on listening comprehension definition certain items of marketing clothing may not be the solution in turning student’s attitudes (Shawn Lewis, 2007). According to University of Michigan professor emeritus Gary Fenstermacher, the connection between academic output and the imposition of dress codes in itself does not exist (Fenstermacher, 2007). But he points out that if dress codes are part of a larger effort, then the link to scholastic achievement can be established (Lewis, 2007).

The change in the dress code for students will not alter the culture, according to Wayne State English and American studies professor Jerry Herron (Herron, 2007). Herron (2007) states that the mere imposition of plain looking dress codes on students will not in any way change the message of promiscuity, suicidal tendencies and incidents of depression (Lewis, 2007). School uniforms for schools may run the gamut of definitions. One school may just require students to definition, wear shirts with collars, or a complete set of endosymbiosis clothes for the students, complete with the school logo and skirts, shirts and coats or blazers (Lewis, 2007). But unlike the arguments for listening definition the use of dress, the use of school uniforms’ have drawn a positive feedback (Lewis, 2007). In her review of attendance, graduation rates and proficiency passing numbers in 64 Ohio public schools, Youngstown University assistant professor Virginia Draa found that schools with policies had better graduation, attendance and suspension numbers (Draa, 2007). But again, as the findings of Draa bore out, there was no connection between the use of history of abortion us uniforms and scholastic achievement (Draa, 2007). The question thus posed is, if the use of school uniforms had the intent of listening decreasing the incidents of violence in marketing school, then why they have not been more used in high school and listening, middle school settings, just as the importance put on elementary schools (Wilde, 2008). If the intention for the use of uniforms is to increase academic proficiency among students, then the same question could be asked (Wilde, 2008). In the debate between school uniforms or dress codes, let’s stop and in the, think of the ultimate beneficiaries, or victims, the students. We must not let the concept that making students dress according to what others want, or what they should wear, will affect their attitudes (Super Steve’s).

Leaving to the student’s the choice of listening definition what to wear gives them the marketing, chance to grow and mature (Super Steve’s). The best solution for listening comprehension the problem is to review the history in the, current curriculum of the educational system (Super Steve’s). As educational authorities afford the students better chances and avenues to accumulate knowledge, students would be better off academically and listening, make less problems for the school (Super Steve’s). Bledsoe, G.L. (2007). School dress codes: a need for uniformity? Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Cloverdale Elementary School. (n.d.). Dress code. Retreived August 8, 2008, from.

Coconino High School. (n.d.). Dress code. Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Draa, V. Heart Wall! (2008). Do uniforms make schools better (excerpt)? Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Fenstermacher, G. Comprehension Definition! (2007).

Parents take schools to task over strict dress codes (excerpt). Retrieved August 8, 2008 from. Herron, J. (2007). Parents take schools to task over Essay about Analysis of Alternative strict dress codes (excerpt). Retrieved August 8, 2008 from. Lewis, S.D. (2007, September 24). Parents take to schools to task over definition strict dress codes. Detroit News. Madrid, M. (1999). Student dress codes: constitutional requirements and policy suggestions.

June 21, 1999. Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Rist, R. Definition! (2008). Can uniforms save our schools (excerpt). Retrieved August 8, 2008 from. Siegel, L. (2008). Comprehension! Can uniforms save our schools (excerpt). Retrieved August 8, 2008 from. Starr, L. (1998). Can uniforms save our schools?

May 11, 1998. Definition! Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Super Steve. (n.d.). How strict dress codes harm students. Comprehension! Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Washington County School District. (2006).

2200 student dress code. Adopted June 9, 1998. Last revised May 9, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2008, from. Wilde, M. (2008). Do unifroms make schools better? Retrieved August 8, 2008, from.

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