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book report dog song RedRover Responders volunteers have deployed to ptsd, New Jersey to The Existing Ethical Issues of American Standardized Testing Essay, help The Humane Society of the United States provide emergency sheltering and care for adoptable animals from ptsd essay Puerto Rico displaced by Hurricane Maria. Recommended Books with Humane Themes. Before Dying Résumé! *These books are the best for depicting accurate animal behavior and animal communication. I started to check if [my dogs] had food and essay, fresh water everyday. RedRover books helped me to be with my dogs and give them food and water. I am loving my dogs better. Starbucks! Ines, age 7, RedRover Readers Student. Discover the RedRover Readers program. Empathy in the Classroom Get Trained Empathy App Empathy in the Classroom.

The RedRover Readers curriculum enables educators to ptsd essay, choose from pre-selected books and résumé, facilitate discussions that teach students empathy and ptsd, expand their awareness of self and community. Blackboard! Take the RedRover Readers training. Become a trained educator and help students think critically about emotional responses and humane behavior. The Restricted Adventures of essay, Raja Empathy App inspires kids to make the world a better place, while giving them a much-needed opportunity to practice skills related to Lover #23 Essay, emotional awareness, critical thinking and compassion. Help bring these books to ptsd essay, your local library! Download our sample letter and king's, give it to your childrens librarian (in MS Word format) here. RedRover Readers produces a quarterly Teacher#8217;s Humane Education (THE) e-newsletter. I used to be afraid of dogs but RedRover dog books have made me not be afraid. Essay! Paloma, age 8, RedRover Readers Student. Match! Recommended Books with Humane Themes.

What#8217;s in essay, a Woof? Written by warriors, Julie Hundman and ptsd essay, illustrated by Elizabeth Wright. All The King's Men Summary! Recommended for ages 2 and up. Ptsd Essay! This fun and colorful book is Ethical Issues of American Testing Essay about understanding your dogs special ways of ptsd, communicating. It is a positive narrative geared towards both younger children and children learning how to Speakig to His Sonnet #23 Essay, read. Themes of kindness, understanding and curiosity are explored there is even a short section at the end where children can color in pictures of dogs seen throughout this fun book.

A Kids Best Friend. Written by Maya Ajmera and ptsd, Alex Fisher. All The Men Summary! Recommended for ages 2 and ptsd essay, up. Dogs, just like children, come in blackboard, all different shapes, sizes and colors. Beautiful photographs of essay, children and dogs from all over all the king's the world fill this book. Pictures of ptsd essay, children caring for and interacting with dogs abound. Conversations about diversity of humans and warriors, different breeds of dogs are sure to arise while reading this book. Written by Howie Schneider. Recommended for ages 2 and up.

Almost immediately upon being brought home, puppy Louie sinks his teeth into everything from toy trains to the dining-room table. Louie#8217;s energy and ptsd essay, escapades make for a fun and funny tale. Essay On Abolish The Death! Themes of responsible pet ownership and dog behaviors are explored. Ptsd! Goyangi Means Cat. Written by Speakig Lover #23 Essay, Christine McDonnell. Recommended for ages 3 and up. A heartwarming story about Soo Min, a little girl from Korea who is struggling to adjust to her new American family and lifestyle. She immediately bonds with Goyangi the ptsd family cat and finds comfort in on Abolish the Death Penalty, their friendship. But when Goyangi runs away Soo Min must search with her mother to find the cat. It is ptsd essay only when Goyangi returns that Soo Min finally feels at home with her new family. Themes of adoption, friendship and on Abolish, companionship are depicted.

Duncan and ptsd, Dolores. Written and illustrated by Barbara Samuels. Recommended for ages 2 and match, up. Even though Dolores is essay only four years old and quite a handful herself, she really wants a cat. Essay! When she and essay, her sister adopt Duncan, who is also four years old, Dolores learns that making friends with a cat requires patience and that the rewards of a cats company are worth the wait. Essay! Themes of responsible pet ownership and essay, developing a relationship with a cat through patience and trust are depicted. Written by Andrew Clements.

Illustrated by Tim Bowers. Recommended for ages 4 and uhd edu blackboard, up. A heartwarming story about essay, a dog who finds his forever home. This book is written entirely in starbucks, haiku and ptsd, describes the starbucks experiences this dog has in ptsd, his new home. Themes of essay match, bringing a new animal home for the first time and kindness toward animals are explored.

Written by Meggan Hill. Photography by ptsd essay, Susan M. Graunke. This is the story of a little boy who takes on the great responsibility of caring for uhd edu, his aunts pug named Lola. Beautiful and ptsd, touching photographs fill each page and essay on cricket, tell a tale of how the boy learns to be so kind to Lola and give her everything she needs to be healthy and happy. This book would be a great way to introduce young children to the responsibilities involved in caring for an animal. Themes of responsible pet ownership are depicted. The Way I Love You. Written by David Bedford and Ann James. Recommended for ages 4 and up. A little girl describes the many reasons why she loves her dog in ptsd essay, their tender story.

Themes of friendship, kindness and the human-animal bond are depicted. A Home for Nathan. Written by Claudia Roll. Illustrated by Finn Rizer. To His Lover! Recommended for ages 3 and up. Follows the story of ptsd essay, a cross-eyed kitten who is adopted by a shelter volunteer and goes on to teach kids about responsible pet ownership and the value of caring. Topics included in this book are responsible pet ownership, therapy cats and the purpose of an uhd edu animal shelter.

Written by essay, Sid Shapira. Illustrated by Izzy Bean. Recommended for ages 4 and a lesson before, up. This is the heartwarming story of a rescue dog who needs a forever home after being found wandering on ptsd essay, the street. The little dog endured dashed hopes and disappointment before finally finding his forever home. It is #23 Essay a positive story geared towards children ages 4-8. Topics include the role of ptsd essay, pet rescue organizations and the importance of starbucks, giving animals a second chance. Before You Were Mine.

Written by Maribeth Boelts. Illustrated by ptsd, David Walker. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Speakig #23 Essay! This is a gentle story of ptsd, a young boy who wonders what his loving dogs life was like before he was adopted from a shelter. All The! Colorful illustrations bring this book to life. Themes of kindness, animal adoption, curiosity and ptsd essay, friendship are depicted.

Written and illustrated by match, Charlotte Voake. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Ginger is essay a lucky cat who loves his basket, his little girl and his delicious meals. Starbucks! When the ptsd little girl brings a kitten home as a friend for Ginger, the older cat is king's not happy about sharing his bowl and ptsd essay, basket. Ginger hides in protest, letting the girl know that certain steps must be followed for a settled cat to uhd edu, adjust to essay, life with a frisky kitten. Themes of bringing a new animal home, respecting an Speakig to His Lover in Shakespeare’s Sonnet #23 Essay animals feelings, responsible pet ownership and patience are depicted. Ginger Finds a Home. Written and illustrated by Charlotte Voake. Recommended for ages 3 and ptsd essay, up.

In this story, a heartwarming friendship grows between a little girl and a stray cat she later names Ginger. In his previous life, Ginger foraged for food wherever and whenever he could and slept in a patch of weeds. As Ginger learns to spartan women, trust the little girl, he quickly adjusts to his new life as her companion. Themes of trust and ptsd essay, patience in in Shakespeare’s Sonnet, developing a relationship with a cat are depicted. The Forgotten Rabbit. Written by Nancy Furstinger. Essay! Illustrated by match, Nancy Lane. Recommended for essay, ages 3 and The Existing of American Standardized Testing Essay, up. A little rabbit comes home with two excited young children, but when the ptsd excitement wanes the little rabbit finds herself forgotten all alone in Essay on Abolish Penalty, a cage. A young girl rescues the rabbit and ptsd essay, names her Bella. Find out about the many fun activities and the friendship that Bella and the girl form in this delightful story.

Themes of the human-animal bond, friendship and pet care and uhd edu, responsibility are explored. Ptsd Essay! Written by Gloria Rand. Illustrated by R.W. A Lesson Before Dying Résumé! Alley. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Little Flower is a potbellied pig who lives with an older woman named Miss Pearl.

One day Miss Pearl falls and only Little Flower is around to help. Find out how Little Flower comes to essay, Miss Pearls rescue in this delightful story, and watch how Miss Pearls neighbors change their perception of the on Abolish little pig after she helps Miss Pearl. Friendship, kindness and ptsd essay, what to Essay on Abolish Penalty, do in ptsd essay, an emergency situation are all themes this book brings alive for readers. Marketing! Each Living Thing. Ptsd Essay! Written by blackboard, Joanne Ryder.

Illustrated by ptsd essay, Ashley Wolff. Recommended for on cricket match, ages 2 and up. Essay! This story is about having an awareness and an appreciation for all living things no matter how small. Starbucks! It mentions many different animals and the roles they play in essay, the world. To His In Shakespeare’s Sonnet! Themes include animal appreciation and essay, coexisting with wildlife. Freckles and Willie. Spartan! Written by essay, Margery Cuyler. Illustrated by women, Marsha Winborn. Essay! Recommended for ages 4 and up.

Freckles and Willie are best buddies until a new neighbor moves in and Willie neglects his four-legged friend. How will Willie show Freckles that he still cares? The story shows the enduring nature of the bond between a person and a dog. Themes of friendship and apologizing are explored. Fred Stays With Me! Written by Nancy Coffelt. A Lesson Before Dying! Illustrated by Tricia Tusa.

Recommended for ages 4 and up. Ptsd! With divorced parents and two separate homes, a young girls dog named Fred is on cricket her constant companion. Fred stays with the girl and the reader sees the friendship they share. Ptsd Essay! The girl sticks up for Fred and finds creative ways to on Abolish the Death, help Fred and ptsd essay, her parents feel more comfortable with their living arrangements. Responsible pet ownership, divorce, friendship, companionship and starbucks marketing, dog behaviors are mentioned in this story. Ptsd! Written by uhd edu blackboard, Bob Graham. Essay! Recommended for starbucks, ages 4 and up. Essay! Following the on cricket match death of her cat, Kate is essay lonesome for a new pet. The family goes to the local animal rescue center for all the king's men summary, a puppy and ptsd essay, falls for a large, older dog in the process.

The book extols both the reasons to adopt from a shelter and the rewards of giving an adult dog a second chance. Max Talks to uhd edu blackboard, Me. Ptsd Essay! Written by Claire Buchwald. Illustrated by Karen Ritz. Recommended for women, ages 4 and up. A boy and his dog Max are true friends #8212; the essay kind that share each other#8217;s excitement, comfort each other when they are sad, wait together when parents are away and have fun wherever they are. By observing and listening to spartan, his dog, by sharing good times and bad, they are earning each other#8217;s love and devotion. Essay! Parents will appreciate the information about the women dog-child bond that they will find at the end of Max Talks to Me.

Children will want to share their adventures and friendship over and over as they read the gentle, engaging story and look at ptsd essay the beautiful illustrations. Spartan! Themes include communication with a dog, dog body language and behaviors, responsible pet ownership and the animal-people bond. Written by ptsd essay, Stephne Micheal King. Recommended for Ethical Issues Standardized Essay, ages 4 and up. A stray dog wandered the streets of a busy city cold and lonely until he finds a homeless shelter for people. A kind woman cares for him for one night, and then sends him on his way. The kind woman later runs into essay the dog and blackboard, asks him if he would like to come home with her to live. Themes include responsible pet care and stray animals. JJ the American Street Dog. Written by Diane Rose-Solomon. Illustrated by Rachel Cellinese.

Recommended for essay, ages 4 and up. This is the story of a lesson dying, JJ, a stray dog who is found on a soccer field at ptsd essay the same time a family is looking to Speakig Sonnet #23 Essay, adopt a new dog. Ptsd! A family takes JJ in The Existing Ethical Issues of American Standardized Essay, and attempts are made to find who JJ might belong to. Essay! The main character is a little girl who becomes attached to spartan women warriors, JJ. She worries when a woman comes to ptsd, see if the women stray dog might be her dog who is ptsd essay lost. The little girl wants to keep JJ. This story includes a visit to men summary, the veterinarian with accurate information about caring for ptsd essay, dogs. Themes of stray animals, spay and neutering and dying résumé, adoption are explored. My Cat Copies Me.

Written and illustrated by Yoon-duck Kwon. Ptsd! Recommended for women, ages 4 and up. My Cat Copies Me is an entertaining story illustrating the essay bond between a young girl and her cat. All The King's! The cat becomes a source of inspiration and adventure for ptsd, the girl, while they both provide companionship for and listen to each other. The book features simple storytelling with colorful illustrations. Listening to a cat and friendship are themes included in this book. Written by the Death, Susan Katz. Ptsd! Illustrated by Stacey Schuett. Issues Testing! Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 4 and up.

Told with an engaging series of women warriors, poems that tie together to form a plot, Oh, Theodore! is the touching story of the relationship between a boy and ptsd, his guinea pig. As the essay on cricket boy patiently learns about ptsd essay, Theodore#8217;s needs through trial and on Abolish Penalty, error, a definite bond forms between the two. Fun, colorful and realistic illustrations are abundant throughout. Patience and guinea pig behaviors are themes included in essay, this book. So, What#8217;s it Like to marketing, be a Cat? Written by essay, Karla Kuskin. Illustrated by Betsy Lewin. Essay Match! Recommended for ages 4 and up.

What is it like to be a cat? A curious boy interviews his gray cat in essay, a playful rhyming story of the similarities and Speakig to His #23 Essay, differences between cats and people. The story shows that the first step in taking care of a cat is taking the time to observe and listen to learn the cats likes and dislikes. Themes of listening to a cat and responsible pet ownership are depicted. Call the Horse Lucky. Written by Juanita Havill. Illustrated by essay, Nancy Lane. Recommended for ages 5 and up. This is a story of a horse who is rescued because of a young girls kindness.

When a young girl named Mel finds a neglected horse alone in Essay on Abolish, a field she tells her grandmother, We have to essay, help him. Follow this horse, whom Mel named Lucky, as he is rescued, nursed back to women warriors, health and finds friends along the way. Ptsd! Topics in this book include a horse rescue, practical information about caring for a horse and the compassionate bond between Lucky and Mel. Hachiko: The True Story of The Existing Standardized Essay, a Loyal Dog. Written by ptsd essay, Pamela S. Turner. Illustrated by starbucks, Yan Nascimbene. Recommended for essay, ages 5 and up. This is a true tale of all the men summary, a loyal dog named Hachiko who walks to the train station with his human companion, Dr.

Ueno, every day and then waits patiently for Dr. Ueno to essay, return. A young child takes an interest in spartan warriors, Hachiko and ptsd essay, brings yummy snacks while he waits, forging a friendship with Hachiko. When Dr. The Existing Ethical Issues Testing! Ueno dies, Hachiko continues to wait diligently for his return, leaving his post only to sleep at Dr. Uenos home. You may need a box of tissues nearby when you read this heartwarming story to find out what else happens to Hachiko. Themes of loyalty, death and essay, remembering are explored. Ethical Issues Standardized Testing! Written by Susan Boase. Ptsd Essay! Recommended for ages 5 and up. The Death Penalty! Boy, a small, brown and #8220;kind of stinky#8221; dog, is neglected and bored in his backyard.

Mr. Miller is recently widowed and struggling with his loss. One night Boy digs his way under the fence, and ptsd essay, when Mr. Speakig Lover Sonnet #23 Essay! Miller discovers him in essay, his yard the following morning, it#8217;s love at first sight. Themes of neglect and then friendship are explored in a lesson résumé, this book. Written by Linda Smith. Ptsd Essay! Illustrated by David Roberts. All The Men Summary! Recommended for ages 5 and up.

When Mrs. Crump finds a yellow cat on her porch step, she tells the cat to shoo.#8221; She leaves the door ajar, however, and the cat slips into ptsd her home and into her life. As Mrs. The Death! Crump learns to ptsd essay, care for the cats needs, she comes to appreciate the starbucks marketing cats companionship as well. Before you know it, youll bewondering how you ever got along without [the cat], Mrs. Essay! Crumps new friend Mr. Henry says. Through colorful, playful illustrations, the story shows how cats make good company.

Themes of starbucks, stray animals, responsible pet ownership and ptsd, how animals can affect peoples attitudes are included. Not Afraid of Dogs. Starbucks Marketing! Written by Susanna Pitzer. Illustrated by essay, Larry Day. Speakig Lover Sonnet! Recommended for ages 5 and essay, up. Before Dying! Although he insists he is ptsd not afraid of anything Daniel avoids dogs. Starbucks Marketing! What happens when Daniel comes home to find his mom has agreed to pet sit for Bandit?

After hiding from the small brown-and-white dog all day, he encounters her alone at night cowering from the ptsd essay noise of a thunderstorm. Women! When Daniel sees the dogs fear his own dissolves; he provides her cuddles. In the essay course of the story, Daniel moves from The Existing Ethical Issues Essay angry and ptsd essay, fearful to kind and uhd edu, open-hearted. Overcoming fears and helping animals are themes included in ptsd essay, this book. Animals Have Feelings, Too! Exploring Emotions from Issues of American Testing A to Z. Essay! Written by Karen Lee Stevens.

Illustrated by Teri Rider. In Shakespeare’s! Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 4 and up. A Lesson Dying Résumé! This charming and informative book follows the humorous story of Sandy, a lovable Labrador retriever who explores her world of emotions from A to Z. Ptsd! Whimsically illustrated, this book helps children understand that people and a lesson dying, animals experience many of the same feelings. Essay! A Very Unusual Dog. Match! Written by ptsd, Dorothy Joan Harris. Men Summary! Illustrated by Kim LaFave. Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 6 and up. Jonathan#8217;s dog is imaginary, but he still takes good care of the Death, him, providing food, walks, affection and a comfortable place to sleep. Jonathans grandmother shows him a photo of a cat she once loved and tells him her current apartment does not allow pets. To ease her loneliness, Jonathan gives Dog to her and tells her how to care for him. Ptsd! The story shows the power of marketing, love and memory, and how animals even imaginary ones can provide companionship.

Themes of companionship and essay, responsible pet ownership are explored. Written by Daisy Bix. Speakig Lover #23 Essay! Illustrated by Joe Hyatt. Essay! Recommended for uhd edu blackboard, ages 6 and up. Happy in a new home, Buddy tells the ptsd story of his former life of neglect, abuse and finally, rescue, to live a good life with a family that cares about him. Information is included for parents and other adults about resources they can readily contact when they encounter a dog being abused.

Themes of on Abolish the Death, animal abuse and neglect and responsible pet ownership are depicted. Spanish-Language Edition of Buddy Unchained. Ptsd Essay! Written by all the king's men summary, Daisy Bix. Ptsd! Illustrated by match, Joe Hyatt. Essay! Recommended for ages 6 and up.

Orville: A Dog Story. Written by Haven Kimmel. Illustrated by Robert Andrew Parker. Blackboard! Recommended for ptsd, ages 6 and up. Orville spends all of his days chained in the yard and king's men summary, barking to essay, tell the world how unhappy he is. Men Summary! But when Sally moves in ptsd essay, across the essay street, Orville finds himself getting a second chance at life. Essay! Themes of stray animals, dog chaining, how dogs react to different people and companionship are explored.

Written by Tres Seymour. Illustrated by David Soman. Recommended for ages 6 and up. How does a dog become a Pole Dog?#8221; This story follows the life of an spartan warriors older dog in essay, the days after he is left by a pole along the highway until he is spotted by on Abolish, a family driving by. How the dog survives alone and essay, how he feels are poignant themes in this realistic portrayal of the Speakig life of an ptsd essay abandoned dog. This book is a reminder of a dogs unwavering desire for security. Themes of abandoning an The Existing Ethical Issues animal and a animals need for security are depicted. Written by Connie Gotsch. Ptsd Essay! Illustrated by John Cogan. Recommended for ages 7 and up.

Told from a dog named Belles perspective, this chapter book is about a young dog who is dying résumé mistreated by her first owners and ptsd essay, finds herself in a loving home with people who understand and care for animals. Find out how Belle learns to uhd edu, trust new people and even saves a little girl because of the bond between them. This book offers young readers a glimpse of ptsd, what dogs might be feeling and thinking in various situations. Uhd Edu! Themes of ptsd essay, animal cruelty, abuse, abandonment, trust and friendship are explored. Of American Standardized Essay! Belles Star has been nominated for ptsd, a New Mexico Book Award. Meow Means Mischief. Written by spartan warriors, Ann Whitehead Nagda. Illustrated by Stephanie Roth. Recommended for ages 7 and up. In this chapter book, Rana is ptsd adjusting to a new town and spartan, new school. When her grandparents comes to ptsd, visit from India, Rana is afraid of a lesson before, being different from ptsd essay everyone.

A kitten whom Rana names Tiger helps Rana make friends and grow closer to her grandparents. Rana learns how to take care of Tiger and learns more about her Indian culture too. Responsible pet ownership, companionship and cultural diversity are themes explored in this book. Essay Match! Second Chance: How Adoption Saved a Boy with Autism His Shelter Dog. Written by Sandra J. Gerencher, illustrated by ptsd essay, Virginia Cody. Recommended for ages 7 and up. Find out how this shelter dog adjusts to his new home and what happens when he befriends a young boy with autism. This book invites the Speakig to His Lover in Shakespeare’s Sonnet #23 Essay reader to ptsd essay, explore the transition into a new environment from the dogs perspective. The book is on Abolish the Death Penalty filled with softly blended watercolor photos. Themes include adoption, unconditional love and friendship.

The Very Best of essay, Friends. Written by Lover Sonnet #23 Essay, Margaret Wild. Recommended for ages 7 and up. When James died suddenly, his wife Jessie, in her grief, shuts her husband#8217;s cat, William, out of her life. But eventually Jessie opens herself up to essay, William and tries to a lesson before dying résumé, win his trust and affection. An underlying theme that all friendships need careful tending and essay, generous amounts of love is explored. Uhd Edu! Written by Gabrielle Vincent. Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 7 and essay on cricket, up. In remarkable black-and-white pencil drawings, the artist shows us a dog being heedlessly thrown out of a car, chasing after it fruitlessly and unwittingly causing a major highway accident.

Reviewers have described it as #8220;a powerful documentary in ptsd essay, picture-book form#8221; and #8220;a passionate condemnation of cruelty to animals and a work of art that shouldn#8217;t be missed.#8221; Themes of abandonment and animal cruelty are depicted. Written by Anna Sewell. Recommended for ages 8 and up. Young readers will follow Black Beautys fortunes, good and a lesson before, bad, with gentle masters as well as cruel. Children can easily make the leap from ptsd horse-human relationships to human-human relationships and begin to understand how their own consideration of others may be a benefit to starbucks, all. Essay! Themes include animal neglect and cruelty and horse-human bond. Written by Leslea Newman. Illustrated by Machiyo Kodaira. Recommended for ages 8 and up.

This short chapter book supplemented by black-and-white illustrations tells the a lesson before story of ptsd essay, Hachiko, a dog who waits faithfully at the train station for his person to return, not knowing he has died. Spartan Warriors! The station master and commuters step in to ptsd essay, help care for Hachiko as he prefers the station to another home. Strangers donate funds to create a statue in his honor after the dogs own death. The story shows how a bond develops when a person respects and understands a dog, and how much a dog in the community affects everyone who comes in contact with him. Starbucks! The book is based on ptsd, a true story and includes an starbucks marketing authors note and a glossary of Japanese words.

Themes of the close bond between one dog and essay, his human companion, friendship, death and community involvement are explored. Uhd Edu Blackboard! The MAGIC SQUAD and the Dog of Great Potential. Written by Mary Quattlebaum. Recommended for ptsd, ages 8 and up. Calvin is Speakig to His Lover in Shakespeare’s #23 Essay a underachiever who is content to be average#8230; until the day he visits the local shelter and falls in love with a huge, friendly mutt with #8220;great potential#8221; named Train. Calvin#8217;s quest to train Train and find him a good home mirrors his own personal struggle to realize his own potential.

Themes of self-reflection, animal shelters, volunteerism and how training dogs can increase chances of ptsd essay, adoption are explored. Phantom Stallion: The Wild One. Written by uhd edu blackboard, Terri Farley. Recommended for ages 8 and up. Essay! Sam moves from the city to live on the Death, her Dads ranch in essay, Nevada where she encounters a mysterious mustang. Through Sam, readers learn about blackboard, domesticated and feral horses and ptsd, the difficult choices to be made for their care. They experience the strength of friendship among horses and uhd edu blackboard, people and the respect these friendships call for.

This book is the ptsd first of a series. Themes of friendship and respect for domestic and wild or feral horses are explored. King's! Written by Mary Casanova. Recommended for ages 8 and ptsd essay, up. Libby has always wanted a horse of her own, and essay, caring for her neighbors horse is the next best thing. When she discovers Thunder is being abused, Libby knows she has to rescue him, no matter what the risk! In this exciting adventure, Libby finds her own voice as she stands up for ptsd, what she believes in Lover Sonnet #23 Essay, a world of adults who think they know best. Themes of essay, animal abuse and spartan, the human-animal bond are explored. Written by Kathe Koja. Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 8 and uhd edu blackboard, up.

High school misfit Rachel is content just volunteering at the local animal shelter and essay, writing stories, until she meets a feral collie who inspires her to men summary, build relationships and ptsd, confront her own emotions. Themes of volunteerism, stray animals and The Existing Essay, relationship building are explored. Beautiful Joe a Dogs Own Story. Written by Marshall Saunders. Ptsd! Recommended for ages 9 and up. This is essay a sweet story of a dog who has his tail and ears cut off by a dog abuser but ends up in a wonderful and loving home with a family who takes great care of him. Ptsd! The beginning of a lesson résumé, this book is quite violent and could frighten young readers, but the ptsd story does have a happy ending. This book highlights the blackboard treatment of animals and the power of essay, a loving family. One Unhappy Horse.

Written by C.S. Adler. Recommended for ages 9 and uhd edu, up. Jan is dealing with the ptsd essay death of her father and then learns her horse needs an operation. Since her mother does not have enough money to pay for uhd edu blackboard, the operation, Jan must find other ways to help her friend get the care he needs. This is a heartwarming story of friendship between a girl and ptsd essay, a horse. Themes covered include responsible pet care, the human-animal bond and caring for a sick animal. On Abolish Penalty! The Lucky Tale of Two Dogs. Written by Cathy M. Rosenthal.

Illustrated by ptsd essay, Jessica Warrick. Recommended for ages 4 and up. Dying! This is essay a story about two dogs who live very different lives. Essay Penalty! One lucky dog has a wonderful family and is always loved. The other dog begins the story as an unlucky dog who does not get a lot of attention.

Follow this dog as he is taken to ptsd essay, an animal shelter, meets his loving new family and becomes a lucky dog as well. Themes include adoption, dog needs and responsible pet ownership. A Lesson Dying! The Happy Tale of Two Cats. Written by Cathy M. Rosenthal. Illustrated by ptsd essay, Jessica Warrick.

Recommended for all the king's, ages 4 and up. This is a story about two cats who live very different lives. One happy cat has a wonderful family and is always loved. The other cat begins the story as an unhappy cat who does not get a lot of attention. Follow this cat as he is taken to an animal shelter, meets his loving new family and becomes a happy cat as well.

Themes include adoption, cat needs and responsible pet ownership. Maggie#8217;s Second Chance. Written by Nancy Furstinger. Illustrated by ptsd, Joe Hyatt. Recommended for ages 4 and Speakig Lover Sonnet, up. This book follows a black dog named Maggie after her family moves and ptsd, leaves her behind in the house. On Abolish! She is brought to an animal shelter where she soon delivers puppies and then watches as all of the puppies are adopted, leaving her alone. A young boy learns of Maggies story and gets his whole class involved to help her.

Find out how Maggie gets her second chance in this true story with compassion, adoption and youth involvement. Written by Brenda Louise Fiorini. Recommended for ages 5 and up. Written in rhyme, this story is about a dog named Buddy who is ptsd abandoned in an empty house. He manages to escape from the house but faces challenges living outside and warriors, winds up living in ptsd essay, an animal shelter. Buddy worries he wont stand out a lesson before résumé, from the other animals and find a forever home, but he meets his dream family and his fears disappear. Ptsd! Themes include responsible pet ownership and starbucks marketing, adoption. Written by Brenda Louise Fiorini. Recommended for ptsd, ages 5 and up. Written in rhyme, this story is Speakig Lover Sonnet #23 Essay about a young boy who finds a stray cat named Cally.

He discovers that Cally has kittens, and with his moms help he cares for essay, the cats and all the king's men summary, finds them forever homes. Ptsd! Themes include responsible pet care and adoption. Written by E.B. White. Illustrated by Speakig Sonnet #23 Essay, Garth Williams. Recommended for ptsd, age 8 and a lesson, up. This is a timeless tale of a pig named Wilbur who learns about life from his barnyard friends, especially a beautiful black spider named Charlotte. A special friendship between Charlotte and Wilbur develops and every night Charlotte creates intricate spider webs with words written in them to help save Wilbur from being killed and eaten. The reader learns about essay, friendship and starbucks, compassion in this remarkable story. Themes include friendship, kindness and the cycle of ptsd essay, life.

Mimi and Maty to the Rescue. Written by Written by Speakig to His in Shakespeare’s Sonnet #23 Essay, Brooke Smith. Illustrated by Alli Arnold. Recommended for essay, age 4 and up. Mimi loves animals and the Death, adopted her three-legged dog, Maty, from an essay animal shelter. Together they have made it their mission to help animals in a lesson, need and rescue lost animals in ptsd essay, their town. When a rat named Roger goes missing, Mimi and uhd edu blackboard, Maty jump into action to find him. Themes include animal rescue, responsible pet care and the human-animal bond. Written by Jena Ball.

Recommended for ptsd essay, ages 6 and up. In this heartwarming book, eight mixed-breed dogs explore challenges such as aging, bullying and stereotypes through stories told from their perspectives. Ms. Jenaia, a retired-school-teacher-turned-dog-trainer, is with the dogs on their adventures and Ethical Issues Standardized Testing, offers help and guidance along the way. Themes include friendship and essay, the human-animal bond.

Montague: The Pit Bull of Park Avenue. Written by Mary Gregory. Spartan Women Warriors! Illustrated by Roger Kabler. Recommended for ages 6 and ptsd, up. On Abolish Penalty! This book tells the story of Montague, a pit bull rescued by essay, an upscale New Yorker. Montague gets lost in Essay, New York City and has many adventures with his new dog friends before finding his way home. Ptsd! Themes include responsible pet ownership and friendship.

Written by king's, Todd Kessler. Illustrated by Jennifer Gray Olson. Recommended for ages 5 and ptsd, up. Ricky and his family adopt an adorable puppy named Tako. Rickys parents will only let Tako stay as long as he is a good dog and follows the rules.

But when his new family is in jeopardy, the only way for Tako to the Death Penalty, protect them is to break the rules. Ptsd Essay! This story has themes of adoption and decision making. Millie and Cupcake. Written by on cricket match, Mildred Potash. Recommended for ages 2 and up. This story is about a young girl named Millie who finds a companion animal for essay, the first time. But it is not the typical companion animal for most people! Cupcake is a rat, and Millie learns all about how to care for and love her new best friend. Themes include friendship and The Existing Issues of American Essay, responsible pet care.

Stay: The True Story of Ten Dogs. Written by Written by Michaela Muntean. Introduction by ptsd essay, Kate DiCamillo, author of Because Winn-Dixie. Photographs by Speakig in Shakespeare’s, K. Ptsd! C. Bailey and Stephen Kazmierski. Recommended for ages 4 to starbucks marketing, 8. This is the story of essay, a circus stunt performer who, because of injuries, has to reinvent himself. He adopts dogs from the shelter and finds out what they want to do by caring for and working with them. Soon he has an on cricket match act that is sought after by many circuses. The dogs were there for him while he healed, and he is ptsd essay there for on Abolish, them. He really gets to know the dogs and allows them to be themselves.

Written by Karen J. Roberts. Essay! Illustrated by Jen Griggs Sebastian. Recommended for ages 2 and up. The Existing Ethical Standardized Testing! This book is ptsd inspired by uhd edu blackboard, a true story involving a criminal cruelty seizure case and describes dogs of all shapes and sizes trying to get along while living in essay, a tiny house. Rhyming will appeal to younger audiences. Before Dying! Officers and nice people come to essay, the door to uhd edu, help and soon their lives change. The book includes details about the care and feeding of dogs. Two Bobbies: The True Story of Hurricane Katrina, Friendship, and ptsd essay, Survival. Spartan Women! Written by essay, Kirby Larson and Mary Nethery. King's Men Summary! Illustrated by Jean Cassels. Ptsd Essay! Recommended for ages 4 to 8. Based on a true story, Bobbi the dog and blackboard, Bob Cat, both tail-less, wander for essay, months in Speakig to His Lover in Shakespeare’s Sonnet, storm-ravaged New Orleans.

A construction worker finds them and takes them to essay, the shelter set up for stray animals. It is clear that they are best friends who never want to be apart and blackboard, finally we learn whyBob Cat is ptsd blind and Bobbi is her seeing-eye dog! They are taken in by Best Friends Animal Society where they find their forever home. A Home for Dixie. Written by Written by essay match, Emma Jackson.

Full-color photographs by Bob Carey. Recommended for ages 4 to essay, 8. Starbucks Marketing! Written by the high school student who adopted a puppy named Dixie. Ptsd! The story follows Dixie from when she was found as a puppy, to uhd edu blackboard, a rescue group and ptsd essay, finally into starbucks her forever home. Essay! Discusses how rescues work, the needs of puppies and how to adopt your own dog. Beautiful photographs accompany a simple and heartfelt story. Hens for Friends. Written by Sandy De Lisle. Illustrated by Amelia Hansen. Recommended for ages 3 to 7. When Aaron and his family decide to adopt six hens, they learn about the responsibilities that come with raising backyard hens. Aaron develops a close friendship with a hen named Margaret. Readers learn interesting facts about hens and about the benefits of having hens for uhd edu, friends.

The bold, culturally diverse illustrations bring this story to life. Themes include responsible pet ownership, the welfare of farm animals and friendship. Ptsd Essay! Nobody#8217;s Cats: How One Little Black Kitty Came in from the Cold. Written by Valerie Ingram Alistair Schroff. Illustrated by Hadley Hutton. Speakig Lover Sonnet! Recommended for ptsd, ages 6 and up. A little black kitty and many others like him roam the community without food, shelter or love. To some neighbors, they are known as #8220;nobody#8217;s cats.#8221; When a young boy notices these cold and Speakig in Shakespeare’s Sonnet #23 Essay, hungry cats, he takes it upon himself to ptsd essay, ask questions and résumé, learn how he could make a difference in their lives. With help from essay some adults in the community, the boy is marketing able to provide for these cats in ptsd essay, need. The boy#8217;s family gives the little black kitty a forever home and the boy continues to essay match, show the community how to be a superhero for essay, the community cats just like he is. Themes include stray and Speakig to His Lover Sonnet, feral cats, curiosity, and respect for animals.

Written by Susan Beattie. Illustrated by Sandra Thompson. Recommended for ages 8 and up. Luke was abandoned on essay, the side of the road with a serious illness. After being rescued and nursed back to health, he finds his forever home with a jewelry store owner named Greg. Luke becomes the jewelry stores door greeter, and the once scared and shy puppy soon grows into a charming, posh dog.

Follow Luke on his many adventures around the spartan jewelry store and out in the community. Themes of friendship and caring between a man and his dog are explored. The Upstairs Cat. Written by Jaimi Ilama. Ptsd Essay! Illustrated by all the king's men summary, Audrey Miller. Recommended for ages 2 and up. This is the story of essay, how a cats life changes when her boy goes off to all the men summary, college. She spent her whole life with her boy upstairs, but now realizes that he may not return for a while. Curious and essay, brave, she explores the rest of the uhd edu house and ptsd essay, meets other family members, both animal and human, who are ready to show her love. Themes include the human-animal bond and cat behavior. Uhd Edu Blackboard! Frank the Tank: An Adopted Dog Tale.

Written by DJ Burk. Illustrated by Caitlyne Lopez. Essay! Recommended for dying résumé, ages 6 and essay, up. This is a story about a shelter dog named Frank the Tank who gets adopted by essay on cricket match, a family. Ptsd Essay! His family learns about Franks personality and how to properly care for their new dog. Starbucks Marketing! The book contains a glossary as well as discussion questions. Themes of responsible pet ownership and human-animal bond are explored. Written by Paige Grant.

Illustrated by Lisa Carol Williams. Ptsd! Recommended for ages 5 and up. When Tessas Dad came home with a box of six little kittens hed found on the side of the road, Tessa ended up with much more than two cuddly friends to keep for herself. Tessas Dad showed her how to care for them by providing a warm place to sleep, food and water, and a clean litter pan. Spartan Warriors! Tessas Mom also taught her what it meant to socialize kittens so theyd be ready for adoption, as well as the importance of having them fixed so there wouldnt be more abandoned kitties like them.

Themes include pet responsibility, fostering and adoption and spaying/neutering. Ptsd! Written by Bill Cochran. Illustrated by Dan Andreasen. Recommended for ages 3 and up. A young boy named Mike works his way through the grieving process after his beloved dog Cory passes away.

This book can help children understand the death of a pet and the feelings that often surround this experience. Soft illustrations bring the characters emotions to all the king's, life. It is probably a good idea to have a box of tissue handy when you read this book. Themes include friendship and pet loss. Desser the ptsd Best Ever Cat. Written by Maggie Smith. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Essay The Death! A touching story of Desser the essay cat, who comes to live with a man as a kitten, grows up as the man matures.

Desser bonds with the mans daughter, watching over women her as a baby, playing with her as a young child. Then one day Desser gets sick and dies. Essay! Themes include pet loss and spartan, the human-animal bond. Written by Robie H. Harris. Ptsd Essay! Illustrated by Testing, Jan Ormerod. Recommended for ages 3 and up.

When a young boys pet mouse dies, he is in disbelief, then angry and sad. The boys family helps the young boy understand that Mousie is ptsd essay not alive anymore, and starbucks, together the boy and his family bury Mousie in the back yard. Ptsd Essay! The young boy begins to spartan women, accept Mousies death and ptsd essay, expresses his emotions surrounding the starbucks death of his pet. Ptsd Essay! Pet loss and grief are themes explored in of American Testing, this story. Forever Buster: What a Name!

What a Dog, We Exclaim! Written by Martin Babbett. Ptsd Essay! Illustrated by Donna Burns. Recommended for on cricket match, ages 4 and up. Ptsd Essay! When his beloved dog Buster passes away, Mr.

Rabbett remembers him and shows the spartan warriors reader the beautiful relationship the two shared. Beautiful illustrations fill the pages. Adults and children are sure to enjoy this heartwarming childrens book. Themes include pet loss and human-animal bond. Saying Goodbye to Lulu. Written by ptsd essay, Corinne Demas. Illustrated by Ard Hoyt.

Recommended for ages 4 and up. This is a very moving story of a young girl and her aging dog named Lulu. The girl recounts how Lulu and king's, she used to play together when Lulu was younger. Ptsd Essay! The bond between Lulu and a lesson dying résumé, the girl is very strong and essay, depicted in The Existing Ethical Issues of American, several images throughout this book. When Lulu dies the ptsd girl is dying résumé too sad to say goodbye. Time passes and she is ptsd able to say Goodbye to Lulu. Months later the essay on cricket girl and her family plan to get a new puppy. Grab a box of tissues before reading this one.

Themes of pet loss, human-animal bond and aging are explored. The Tenth Good Thing About Barney. Written by essay, Judith Viorst. Spartan Women! Illustrated by Erik Blegvad. Recommended for ages 4 and up. A young boy deals with his beloved cat Barneys death. His family has a funeral and buries Barney in essay, the garden. The boy thinks of to His Lover #23 Essay, nine good things he remembers about essay, Barney.

Where is Barney now, cat heaven or the ground? The boy asks his father. The boys father takes him out to starbucks marketing, garden and plant flowers and explains that Barney is now helping the essay flowers grow. Find out what the boy thinks the tenth good thing about Barney is in marketing, this touching story. Ptsd! Pet loss is the overall theme of this book.

Written by B.G Ford. Illustrated by Lucinda McQueen. Recommended for a lesson, ages 2 and up. This delightful book is about a man and turkey who are friends. The turkey goes everywhere with the man but grows nervous when the ptsd essay man begins cooking Thanksgiving dinner. Read along and uhd edu blackboard, discover what alternative meal the two eat together at ptsd essay the end. This book discusses Thanksgiving dinner and friendship. Essay The Death Penalty! Written by Cari Best. Illustrated by Holly Meade. Recommended for ptsd, ages 3 and up. This colorful true tale is about a goose who has lost a foot and men summary, has to learn to balance, eat, swim and fly with only one foot.

The goose learns to ptsd, adapt to this challenge with the help of some supportive and compassionate humans and one understanding dog named Henry. Find out what else this goose can do by reading this remarkable story. Overcoming obstacles, seasons, animal behavior and kindness are themes explored in this book. Grady the Goose. Written by Denise Brennan-Nelson. Illustrated by Michael Glenn Monroe. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Starbucks Marketing! When a young goose named Grady gets separated from his family and finds himself tangled in barbed wire and exhausted, a kind farmer helps him and ptsd essay, releases him into a field where his family finds him.

Themes of respecting wildlife are discussed. Gamba: An Optimistic Mountain Gorilla Tale. Written by starbucks marketing, DJ Burk. Illustrated by Caitlyne Lopez. Recommended for ages 6 and ptsd, up.

Gamba is a young mountain gorilla whose family is #23 Essay teaching him how to survive in the forest. Essay! When tragedy strikes, Gamba must depend on women warriors, humans for help. The book contains a glossary as well as discussion questions. Themes of ptsd, human-animal interaction and coexisting with wildlife are explored. Spartan Women! Mali: A Rescued Asian Elephant Tale. Essay! Written by DJ Burk. Illustrated by Caitlyne Lopez. Recommended for essay on cricket, ages 6 and up. This story is ptsd about an elephant named Mali. She spends most of her life working for humans, until she is on cricket match finally rescued and ptsd, set free.

She now lives at a sanctuary able to roam and play as she wishes. Uhd Edu Blackboard! This story shows themes of human-animal interaction as well as wildlife management. Ptsd Essay! Armando: An Adventurous Nine-Banded Armadillo. Written by DJ Burk. Illustrated by blackboard, Caitlyne Lopez. Ptsd Essay! Recommended for ages 6 and up.

This is the story of an adventurous armadillo named Armando. He loves to explore new places while searching for food and ends up in a familys backyard. Follow Armando as he journeys back home to his family. The book contains a glossary as well as discussion questions. Themes of human-animal interaction and wildlife management are explored. Daphina: A Freed Bottlenose Dolphin Tale. Written by DJ Burk. Illustrated by Caitlyne Lopez. Recommended for The Existing Ethical Essay, ages 6 and up.

Daphina is ptsd essay a bottlenose dolphin who was captured at sea and now lives in an aquarium doing tricks for humans. This is a story about her wish to be free and how captivity has taken a toll on Standardized Testing Essay, her health and happiness. Ptsd Essay! The book contains a glossary as well as discussion questions. Themes of human-animal interaction and captivity are explored. Written by Jane Yolen. Illustrated by John Schoenherr. Recommended for ages 3 and up. Owl Moon is a charming story about owling or owl watching. The Existing Issues Of American Standardized Essay! One cold winter night, a father takes his daughter to search for the great horned owl. Follow the young girl as she learns owl behavior and respect for wildlife.

Books on our Animal Behavior list are non-fiction books that provide additional knowledge about animal behavior, especially communication, since this is so critical for building good relationships with animals. How to Talk to your Cat. Written by Jean Craighead George. Illustrated by ptsd essay, Paul Meisel. Recommended for ages 4 to on cricket match, 8. This book teaches readers how to better communicate with cats and understand what they are saying through body language. What does it mean when a cat purrs? Or meows? Or moves their whiskers?

Animal behavior is essay explained in on cricket match, a way that is easy to understand, combined with colorful illustrations that demonstrate cat behavior. Click here for more information about the Animal Behavior Emotions and Human Behavior Emotions that can be found in the RedRover Readers program. Essay! How to before, Speak Dog. Written by Sarah Whitehead. Photography by John Daniels. Ptsd! Recommended for ages 9 and up. How to warriors, Speak Dog is a guide to responsible pet ownership, companionship and communication.

Learn how to essay, identify when a dog is happy, angry or fearful by in Shakespeare’s, understanding their vocalizations and body language from their ears to their tail. Find helpful tips on creating a healthy, happy and essay, safe home, talking with your four-legged family member, teaching tricks and The Existing Issues Essay, playing together. Detailed language and ptsd, bright photos make this a fun and easy-to-follow tool for both new and experienced pet owners. How to Speak Cat. Essay Match! Written by Sarah Whitehead. Photography by John Daniels. Ptsd Essay! Recommended for ages 9 and all the king's men summary, up.

How to Speak Cat is ptsd a guide to Essay on Abolish the Death, responsible pet ownership, companionship and essay, communication. Learn to communicate with cats, often mysterious and marketing, misunderstood creatures, by ptsd essay, understanding their vocalizations and body language from their ears to their tail. Of American! Find helpful tips on essay, creating a healthy, happy and starbucks, safe home, playing and talking with your four-legged family member. Ptsd! Detailed language and essay on cricket, bright photos make this a fun and easy-to-follow tool for both new and experienced pet owners. Want to ptsd, recommend a Humane-Themed book? RedRover is always on the lookout for on Abolish the Death Penalty, Humane-Themed books to add to our list. We are especially looking for books which highlight the human-animal bond, display accurate animal behavior, are beautifully illustrated, and do not overtly tell a message (the story invites the reader to discover the message instead.) Book suggestions can be emailed to ptsd,

If you would like to submit a reviewer#8217;s copy or manuscript, please mail it to on Abolish Penalty, RedRover, Attention: Recommended Books at P.O. Ptsd Essay! Box 188890, Sacramento, California 95818. Sacramento, CA 95818. Warriors! United Animal Nations d.b.a. RedRover. RedRover. All rights reserved.

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Compte rendu de lecture Andre Breton, Nadja. Redacteur de l’article : Fatiha MAKTOUBI, etudiante en Litterature francaise. Andre Breton, Nadja , 1937. Nadja est un recit autobiographique ecrit par Andre Breton en 1937. Essay! Il sagit dune ?uvre litteraire emblematique du surrealisme ; loin des codes romanesques traditionnels, Nadja renouvelle lecriture et la figure du personnage romanesque feminin sous linfluence des decouvertes sur linconscient introduites par Freud. Of American Standardized Testing Essay! Le surrealisme a profondement marque le XXe siecle. Ptsd! Il se manifeste par le mecontentement et la frustration de la Premiere Guerre mondiale. All The Men Summary! De plus ce mouvement veut liberer lhomme des contraintes morales. Essay! Le but des surrealistes etait de changer le monde en se battant pour la liberte de lhomme. Warriors! Andre Breton a contribue a developper ce mouvement.

Il etait medecin et psychiatre de profession. Ptsd! Breton sinspirait de la theorie de Freud et tentait dexplorer linconscient en auscultant les pulsions, les desirs et les emotions qui influencent lespece humaine. Ethical Standardized Testing Essay! Selon Freud linconscient peut se definir comme lensemble des representations refoulees par le moi parce quelles sont incompatibles avec les valeurs morales du surmoi. Ptsd Essay! Les reves sont, selon Freud, la voie royale qui mene a linconscient (Introduction a la Psychanalyse 342). Essay The Death! Le fait que tout homme reve est, en psychanalyse, une preuve de lexistence dun inconscient. Essay! Le surrealisme signifie selon Breton automatisme psychique pur, par lequel on spartan, se propose d’exprimer, soit verbalement, soit par ecrit, soit de toute autre maniere, le fonctionnement reel de la pensee. Ptsd Essay! Dictee de la pensee, en l’absence de tout controle exerce par la raison, en dehors de toute preoccupation esthetique ou morale [] . Ce recit suit une triple structure, trois parties identifiables par la mise en pages mais aussi et surtout par leur volume, leur contenu et leur espace temporel.

La premiere partie, appelee preambule par Breton ou lauteur cherche a se definir en posant la question qui suis-je ; la deuxieme, a caractere autobiographique qui retrace le recit de la rencontre de l’auteur avec Nadja ; enfin la derniere partie ou epilogue (initialement nommee conclusion par Breton) qui repond a la quete initiale depart et pose les jalons de lesthetique surrealiste. Il sera interessant de montrer en quoi le personnage de Nadja , personnage anti-romanesque et feminin, incarne lesthetique du surrealisme. Pour ce faire, nous verrons tout dabord dans quel mesure ce recit surrealiste est anti-romanesque puisquil ne se reclame daucun genre en particulier et en convoque plusieurs a la fois (I) ; apres quoi, nous evoquerons le theme central de ce recit la rencontre surrealiste, a savoir la rencontre amoureuse, en evoquant le portrait surrealiste de Nadja (II) ; enfin, nous identifierons les codes esthetiques de lecriture surrealiste (III). I- Un recit anti-romanesque : linfluence des decouvertes sur linconscient, le langage de linconscient. 1- Le melange des genres : le roman de fiction et le roman a clef, lautobiographie, la poesie, le conte. 2- Un recit non chronologique et morcele : le langage de linconscient. 3- Des descriptions textuelles relayees par des images : le refus de la description romanesque.

II- Le theme de la rencontre surrealiste, celle la rencontre amoureuse et de lamour fou. 1-Pourquoi le motif de la rencontre est-il original et entame une rupture avec ce qui etait fait avant ? 2- Le hasard objectif. 3-Le personnage de Nadja emblematique du surrealisme. 1- Le langage de linconscient. 2- Lecriture automatique. 3- Une nouvelle conception du beau et le rejet de toute consideration morale. Nadja est une ?uvre litteraire surprenante qui a choque le public en premier lieu a cause de sa forme generique. Essay Match! Au-dela de sa structure atypique, deconstruite, cest un recit anti-romanesque car il melange les genres litteraires et ne respecte pas les conventions romanesques alors etablies et convenues. Ptsd! Ce premier refus sexplique a cause des decouvertes sur linconscient de Freud.

Le souci dimiter le langage de linconscient sous-tend l?uvre surrealiste de Nadja . Le 31 aout 1927, Breton a ecrit deux parties sur trois et quitte le manoir ou il reside pour Paris. Before Dying Résumé! Il fait lecture a Eluard, Prevert et Masson de sa prose qui nest ni un roman ni un recit . Ptsd Essay! Le melange des genres est par consequent un aspect incontournable de ce texte, Andre Breton melange au genre du roman de fiction, celui de lautobiographie, de la poesie et du conte. A Lesson! Breton rejette tout particulierement le roman de fiction traditionnel et en particulier le roman a clef. Ptsd! Le roman a clef est un sous-genre romanesque qui raconte une histoire vraie et met en situation un ou des personnages reels notables, de facon plus ou moins explicite, sous couvert de la fiction pour se proteger de la censure et les critiquer. A Lesson Before Résumé! Selon Breton le roman a clef est une plate deformation dune realite elle-meme sans interet : Je persiste a reclamer les noms, a ne minteresser quaux livres quon laisse battants comme des portes, et desquels on ptsd, na pas a chercher la clef . All The King's Men Summary! Demblee on essay, entrevoit un rejet de cette forme de roman puisque Nadja ne renvoie a aucune celebrite publique, mais juste une maitresse de lauteur. A Lesson Before Dying! Dans le premier Manifeste du surrealisme de 1924, Breton adresse de fortes critiques a l’egard du roman. Ptsd! Il lui reproche son banal realisme, sa lourdeur terrestre et son manque d’imagination. On Abolish The Death Penalty! Tout y est petit, bourgeois, sans fantaisie ni reverie.

La psychologie et les descriptions rebutent particulierement Breton. Ptsd Essay! Nadja , loin du roman a clef et de fiction traditionnelle revet un caractere autobiographique, comme nous lavons souligne plus haut, Nadja , nom invente, represente une personne reelle, rencontree par lauteur le 4 octobre 1926 a un carrefour de la rue Lafayette. Before Résumé! Tres vite, il sest noue entre eux une liaison obsedante mais qui decoit Breton et sacheve par un message de Nadja en fevrier 1927. Ptsd Essay! Breton a rompu avec elle de facon absolue ; il refuse de la voir a lasile psychiatrique ou il apprend quelle est entree. All The! A Varengeville, il sest installe dans un beau manoir de corsaire , le manoir dAngo. Ptsd! Il lit Huysmans et reflechit aux evenements recents. The Existing Ethical Issues Of American Testing! Apres quoi, il redige le roman de Nadja en convoquant a la fois sa memoire et ses notes.

Pour ce faire, lecriture automatique sera le moteur de lanti-recit surrealiste. Ptsd! Le recit surrealiste est volontairement morcele et non chronologique, il mime laspect lacunaire de la memoire de celui qui se souvient et qui veut raconter sa rencontre avec Nadja. On Cricket Match! Il imite egalement la structure du reve et la logique de linconscient en apparence irrationnel. Essay! Le recit est eclate et fonctionne par touches successives. Before Dying! Il traduit par ailleurs, les emotions de lauteur lors de sa rencontre avec Nadja. Ptsd Essay! Breton renouvelle les codes romanesques de la rencontre amoureuse, lamour fou , la rencontre surrealiste qui declenche un amour passion irrationnel et intense. Ethical Of American Standardized! Lamour passion apparait ainsi comme une sorte de folie qui libere et favorise le langage de linconscient. Ainsi, a la maniere du reve, et du fantasme, le langage de linconscient est doublement represente dans ce recit. Ptsd Essay! Breton utilise entre autres le procede du collage en arts plastiques et associe des supports de toutes natures. Essay! Les descriptions textuelles tres lacunaires sont relayees par des images : le refus de la description romanesque est au centre de lecriture surrealiste.

Pour accompagner le texte, Breton rassemble quarante-quatre photographies relatives aux elements quil met en jeu. Ptsd Essay! Le personnage de Nadja nous est rarement decrite, ses emotions, ses impressions, ses reves ou ses fantasmes nous sont presentes entre autre par ses dessins. The Existing Ethical Issues Of American Standardized Essay! Nadja est pourvue dune imagination sans limite qui se manifeste surtout dans ces dessins. Ptsd! (p 127p172). Before Dying! Elle sexteriorise par ses dessins, son univers mysterieux inaccessible et fascinant. Essay! Elle se dessine elle-meme en fee, en sirene Elle exteriorise son monde interieur par ses dessins. The Death! Elle ajoute des titres, des legendes, des phrases qui sont souvent irrationnels : la fleur des amant , p. Essay! 139 par exemple est un dessin que Nadja a invente cette fleur merveilleuse . Penalty! Elle decouvre cette fleur pendant une apparition lors dun dejeuner. Ptsd! Elle voulait donner aux deux regards une expression differente (p140) ces deux regards representaient probablement le regard de Nadja et celui de Breton. On Abolish Penalty! En somme Nadja est pourvue dune creativite extraordinaire ou le monde imaginaire est difficile a separer du monde surnaturel. Essay! De ce fait, le genre litteraire de Nadja, inclassable et volontairement anti-romanesque est emblematique de lesthetique surrealiste.

Les themes et lesthetique du surrealisme sont longuement decrits dans le Manifeste du surrealisme ecrit en 1927. Starbucks! Andre Breton definit ainsi le surrealisme : Automatisme psychique pur par lequel on ptsd essay, se propose dexprimer, soit verbalement, soit par ecrit, soit de toute autre maniere, le fonctionnement reel de la pensee en l’absence de tout controle exerce par la raison, en dehors de toute preoccupation esthetique ou morale . King's! Aussi, le theme de la rencontre amoureuse, lamour fou est-il un motif litteraire au centre des preoccupations des surrealistes car elle declenche et catalyse lexpression de linconscient, elle sera ainsi longuement etudiee par les auteurs de ce mouvement. En effet, le theme de la rencontre amoureuse cristallise lesthetique surrealiste ; Breton veut avant tout livrer au lecteur une ecriture objective de la passion amoureuse, celle quil eprouve lors de sa rencontre avec Nadja. Ptsd! Breton parle ainsi dune rencontre surrealiste. The Existing Issues Standardized Essay! La rencontre surrealiste declenche chez lauteur et chez lheroine tout un ensemble de phenomenes a la limite de linconscient. Essay! Elle bouleverse leur paysage mental respectif. Essay The Death Penalty! La passion ou folie amoureuse permet a lauteur ainsi qua Nadja dexprimer la partie cachee, mysterieuse de leur psychisme, elle libere le langage de linconscient. La rencontre amoureuse dite surrealiste est par ailleurs le fruit dun hasard objectif ; le poete parle de petrifiantes coincidences , de signaux qui constellent sa rencontre fatale avec la jeune fille. Ptsd! Dans LAmour fou, en 1937, il reliera les phenomenes merveilleux du reel aux forces de linconscient : le hasard objectif est compris des lors comme le veritable precipite du desir . All The King's Men Summary! Dans Nadja, Breton se plait a relever quantite d’incidents exterieurs : rencontres, hasards, evenements inattendus, coincidences, rebelles a un continuum logique, mais qui resolvent des debats interieurs, materialisent des desirs inconscients ou avoues.

Par ailleurs, le personnage de Nadja est emblematique du surrealisme. Essay! Cest tout dabord une muse moderne qui permet au poete dechapper au reel et de dechiffrer le surreel, dacceder a linvisible, aux sens caches du monde. A Lesson Before! Nadja a initie Breton a comprendre le monde et lui a permis de comprendre que la vie demande a etre dechiffree comme un cryptogramme . Essay! p133. Essay On Cricket Match! Nadja est lattestation vivante de lefficacite de la recherche du surrealisme par son personnage merveilleux, sa creativite sa force de linconscient, sa liberte, sa folie. Essay! De plus la rencontre entre Breton et Nadja est pleine de mystere que Breton renforce tout en donnant limpression de la devoiler. King's! Breton a reussi a se faire un univers surrealiste dans lequel ses imaginations ne cessent de sexterioriser librement.

Par ailleurs, Nadja possede des dons surnaturels (themes favoris du surrealisme). Ptsd! Cest ainsi quelle destabilise le garcon de cafe qui pris de vertige (p 114) renverse le vin et casse les onze assiettes. King's! Nadja possede ces dons qui intriguent Breton. Essay! Par exemple elle lui predit lavenir et voit la futur femme de Breton brune, naturellement, petite et jolie .(p85) Nadja est selon Breton loiseau splendidement triste de la divination (p.105) il sagit dune allusion au monde metaphysique. Of American! Ces dons surnaturels ont egalement un lien avec les hallucinations dont elle souffre.

Les surrealistes etaient fascines par le monde irreel mais aussi par le monde surnaturel que lon ne pouvait pas voir a l?il nu et plus particulierement par la voyance. Essay! Ce domaine insaisissable de linconscient fait le charme du personnage. Starbucks! En outre, elle possede une force imaginative incroyable qui va lui permettre levasion. Essay! Nadja est isolee du monde reel par sa maladie. On Cricket! Cependant grace a cette maladie elle est capable de sevader sans but aucun (p.73). Essay! En effet, limagination de Nadja va permettre au personnage de jouir dune liberte totale sans consideration pragmatique daucune sorte. Essay The Death! p 168 Pure, libre de tout lien terrestre p104. Ptsd! Elle se definit dailleurs comme une ame errante p 82.Elle nest ni soumise au temps ni aux contraintes de la vie. Ethical Issues Standardized Essay! Elle vie sans aucune preoccupation du monde reel. Ptsd! Cette particularite va beaucoup plaire a Breton. Dying Résumé! Enfin, on ptsd, remarque que le personnage de Nadja est souvent assimile a des personnages legendaires ou mythiques. Before Résumé! La vraie identite de Nadja est Leona Del court.

Nadja (1902-1941), est une jeune Lilloise qui a debarquee a Paris en 1923. Ptsd Essay! Son existence dans le Nord, ou elle a une fille, nous est connue par le recit quelle en fait a Breton lors de leur rencontre, le 4 octobre (p. The Existing Ethical Issues Testing Essay! 74). Ptsd! A Paris, elle a exerce de petits metiers pour survivre, vendeuse, figurante ou danseuse mais la vie est dure : Sa situation financiere est tout a fait desesperee (p. A Lesson Before Dying Résumé! 106), la prostitution rode Elle ne fait aucun mystere du moyen quelle emploierait, si je nexistais pas, pour se procurer de largent, quoiquelle nait meme plus la somme necessaire pour se faire coiffer et se rendre au Claridge, ou, fatalement (p. Ptsd Essay! 106). Spartan Women! Nadja aime simaginer sous les traits de Melusine . Essay! (p149).Melusine est une fee issue des contes populaires qui signifie merveille ou brouillard de la mer . King's Men Summary! Il sagit dans cette histoire dune certaine femme appelee Melusine qui fait la rencontre dun comte nomme Raymondin quelle epouse a condition que celui-ci ne la voit pas le samedi. Ptsd Essay! Un samedi Raymondin pris de jalousie, entra dans sa chambre ou elle prenait un bain. A Lesson Before Résumé! Il decouvre alors que Melusine a une queue de serpent. Ptsd! Raymondin garde le secret mais le devoile publiquement peu apres une dispute.

Melusine doit alors quitter le chateau. On Cricket Match! Nadja consacre aussi plusieurs de ces dessins a une fee telle quune Sirene, une femme- poisson. Ptsd Essay! Ce lien avec cet esprit propre a lenfant est caracteristique du surrealisme. All The! En effet ces dessins sont a la fois une illustration du mouvement surrealiste et sont lies a cet esprit pur et propre a lenfant peint comme un monde merveilleux. Ptsd Essay! Nadja symbolise donc le monde fantastique qui est aussi le fruit de son imagination. Pour finir, il est indispensable de caracteriser lecriture surrealiste qui parcourt loeuvre de Nadja , a la fois ni un recit et ni un roman . Starbucks Marketing! La rencontre amoureuse dite surrealiste bouleverse et destabilise le paysage mental de lauteur et de lheroine. Ptsd! La passion amoureuse catalyse le langage de linconscient chez les deux personnages. Starbucks! On recense trois grands procedes lecriture automatique, le collage et la deconstruction de la syntaxe, lutilisation du support iconographique en complement du texte. Lecriture automatique est centrale de l?uvre de Breton.

Elle a ete utilisee par les surrealistes comme un mode de creation litteraire, permettant de s’emanciper de l’etroitesse de la pensee regie par la raison. Ptsd! Ce point est caracteristique du mouvement surrealiste. All The Men Summary! Cest au terme dune quete sur la nature de linspiration poetique quAndre Breton formalisa cette technique appliquee a la creation litteraire. Ptsd Essay! Elle consiste a ecrire le plus rapidement possible, sans controle de la raison, sans preoccupations esthetique ou morale, voire sans aucun souci de coherence grammaticale ou de respect du vocabulaire. Women! Letat necessaire a la bonne realisation est un etat de lacher-prise, entre le sommeil et le reveil (proche dun etat hypnotique).

Aussi, la rencontre amoureuse vecue sous le mode de la passion est une forme de folie propice a lecriture automatique. Le debut du recit de Nadja est incomprehensible par sa syntaxe composee de phrases longues qui trouble le lecteur. Ptsd! Apres la lecture de la premiere partie on marketing, ne peut comprendre que Breton est a la recherche de soi. Ptsd! Qui suis-je . King's! Cest a partir de la page 71 que lon comprend le recit. Essay! De plus Nadja contient des images qui nont aucun rapport et sans logique avec le texte. Warriors! Par exemple a la page 71 on ptsd, voit la photo de la librairie de lHumanite. The Existing Issues Testing Essay! Il sagit du journal du parti communiste. Essay! Cette image na aucun lien avec lhistoire qui la suit. Before! Dans Nadja, toutes les caracteristiques du Surrealisme sont visibles. Ptsd Essay! Le texte nest pas reflechi, il sagit dune juxtaposition didees, dun montage. Essay On Cricket Match! De plus les images nont aucun rapport avec le texte et ne sont pas logiques.

Les associations libres, pas tres claires et les messages de linconscient sont aussi des caracteristiques du surrealisme. Par ailleurs, Breton joue lors de la rencontre avec Nadja avec les temps. Ptsd Essay! Il veut presenter Nadja en lactualisant. All The King's! Il emploie le present pour que lhistoire soit authentique et pour donner plus de credibilites a son ?uvre tout a coup alors qu’elle est peut-etre encore a dix pas de moi . Essay! De plus la vie personnelle et la relation avec Nadja reste vague. King's Men Summary! Je venais de traverser ce carrefour dont joublie ou jignore le nom . Essay! Les dialogues deviennent aussi flous A la terrasse dun cafe . Ethical Of American Standardized Testing! Breton observe Nadja il est fascine par ce personnage. Ptsd Essay! Il tombe amoureux delle et cet amour est reciproque mais cela ne durera pas. Ethical Issues Of American Standardized Testing! Il se rend compte quelle souffre dhallucination et espere la guerir.

Il est aussi fascine par linconscient et Nadja etait loccasion pour Breton datteindre linconscient. Ptsd! Mais par la suite a se desinteresse delle ce quelle dit ne minteresse moins , Tout ce qui fait quon peut vivre de la vie dun etre, sans jamais desirer obtenir de lui plus que ce quil donne, quil est amplement suffisant de le voir bouger ou se tenir immobile, parler ou se taire, veiller ou dormir, de ma part nexistait pas non plus, navait jamais existe. A Lesson Résumé! Elle ne supportera pas cette rupture et fait une depression. Ptsd! Elle et se fait interner a Bailleul ou elle y mourra. A Lesson! Breton a toujours pretendu avoir ete sincere envers Nadja. Ptsd! Breton la vraiment aimee. Of American Testing Essay! Breton conclut son livre sur une reflexion sur la beaute : elle doit etre ni statique, ni formelle, mais oscillatoire comme un sismographe . Ptsd! La derniere phrase : La beaute sera convulsive ou ne sera pas sera reprise et expliquee dans L’Amour fou. Au terme de notre analyse nous avons remarque que l?uvre litteraire de Nadja est inclassable du point de vue du genre, a la fois ni recit, ni roman, elle reprend plusieurs caracteristiques de genres litteraire divers comme lautobiographie, le conte merveilleux, la poesie et le roman a cle. On Cricket! Cet ?uvre constitue avant tout lecriture objective de la passion.

La deconstruction du genre litteraire traditionnel du roman est relayee par ailleurs par le traitement original et paradoxal du theme de la rencontre amoureuse, bouleversement du paysage mental de celui qui la vit. Essay! Lamour est vecue comme une passion qui deroute lequilibre psychique et le destabilise. Essay! La rencontre amoureuse est ainsi propice a lepanchement de linconscient. Ptsd Essay! Le personnage feminin de Nadja possede une force imaginative et des pouvoirs surnaturels qui cristallisent les pouvoirs de linconscient, a la fois muse et maitresse, elle declenche chez lauteur lamour fou, elle incarne de ce fait lesthetique surrealiste. Before Dying! Enfin, nous avons caracterise les procedes de lecriture surrealiste en application dans Nadja , a savoir lecriture automatique, le collage, les associations libres et la deconstruction de la syntaxe.

Nadja est une ?uvre majeure du surrealisme, elle pose les jalons dune esthetique nouvelle qui aura de nombreux epigones. Ptsd Essay! Apres la redaction de Nadja, Andre Breton redige le Second manifeste du surrealisme en 1930. Droits d'auteurs réservés- Tous les articles de ce blog sont déposés AVANT publication chez copyright France - Reproduction sur le Web INTERDITE.

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The June 16 Soweto Youth Uprising. The June 16 1976 Uprising that began in ptsd essay Soweto and spread countrywide profoundly changed the Essay, socio-political landscape in South Africa. Events that triggered the uprising can be traced back to policies of the Apartheid government that resulted in essay the introduction of the Bantu Education Act in 1953. The rise of the essay on cricket match, Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) and the formation of ptsd essay, South African Students Organisation (SASO) raised the political consciousness of on Abolish the Death, many students while others joined the wave of anti-Apartheid sentiment within the student community. When the language of Afrikaans alongside English was made compulsory as a medium of instruction in schools in 1974, black students began mobilizing themselves. On 16 June 1976 between 3000 and 10 000 students mobilized by the South African Students Movement's Action Committee supported by the BCM marched peacefully to essay demonstrate and protest against the government’s directive.

The march was meant to culminate at a rally in Orlando Stadium. On their pathway they were met by heavily armed police who fired teargas and later live ammunition on demonstrating students. Before! This resulted in a widespread revolt that turned into an uprising against ptsd the government. While the uprising began in essay Soweto, it spread across the country and carried on until the following year. The aftermath of the events of June 16 1976 had dire consequences for the Apartheid government.

Images of the police firing on peacefully demonstrating students led an international revulsion against South Africa as its brutality was exposed. Ptsd! Meanwhile, the weakened and exiled liberation movements received new recruits fleeing political persecution at home giving impetus to the struggle against the Death Apartheid. The word ‘Bantu’ in the term Bantu education is ptsd essay highly charged politically and has derogatory connotations. The Bantu Educational system was designed to ‘train and before dying fit’ Africans for essay, their role in the newly (1948) evolving apartheid society. Education was viewed as a part of the overall apartheid system including ‘homelands’, urban restrictions, pass laws and job reservation.

This role was one of labourer, worker, and on Abolish the Death servant only. As H.F Verwoerd, the architect of the Bantu Education Act (1953), conceived it: “There is no place for [the African] in the European community above the level of certain forms of labour. It is of no avail for him to receive a training which has as its aim, absorption in the European community” Pre-apartheid education of Africans. It is mistaken however, to understand that there was no pre-apartheid educational marginalization of black South Africans. Ptsd Essay! Long before the historic 1948 white elections that gave the Nationalist Party power, there was a system of segregated and unequal education in the country. While white schooling was free, compulsory and expanding, black education was sorely neglected.

Financial underprovision and a lesson before an urban influx led to gravely insufficient schooling facilities, teachers and educational materials as well as student absenteeism or non-enrolment. A 1936 Inquiry identified problems, only to essay have almost nothing done about these needs. Bantu education and all the the racist compartmentalizing of education. In 1949 the government appointed the Eiselen Commission with the task of considering African education provision. The Commission recommended 'resorting to radical measures' for the 'effective reform of the Bantu school system'. In 1953, prior to the apartheid government's Bantu Education Act, 90% of black South African schools were state-aided mission schools. The Act demanded that all such schools register with the state, and removed control of African education from the churches and provincial authorities.

This control was centralized in the Bantu Education Department, a body dedicated to keeping it separate and inferior. Essay! Almost all the mission schools closed down. The Roman Catholic Church was largely alone in its attempt to keep its schools going without state aid. The 1953 Act also separated the financing of education for Issues of American Standardized Essay, Africans from general state spending and linked it to direct tax paid by ptsd essay Africans themselves, with the result that far less was spent on black children than on white children. In 1954--5 black teachers and students protested against Bantu Education. The African Education Movement was formed to provide alternative education. For a few years, cultural clubs operated as informal schools, but by 1960 they had closed down. The Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of 1959, put an end to black students attending white universities (mainly the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand). Separating tertiary institutions according to race, this Act set up separate 'tribal colleges' for black university students. The so-called 'bush' Universities such as Fort Hare, Vista, Venda, Western Cape were formed. Blacks could no longer freely attend white universities.

Again, there were strong protests. Expenditure on Bantu Education increased from the spartan, late 1960s, once the apartheid Nationalist government saw the need for a trained African labour force. Through this, more African children attended school than under the old missionary system of education, albeit grossly deprived of facilities in comparison with the education of other races, especially whites. Nationally, pupil:teacher ratios went up from 46:1 in 1955 to ptsd 58:1 in match 1967. Overcrowded classrooms were used on a rota basis. Ptsd! There was also a lack of teachers, and many of those who did teach were underqualified. In 1961, only 10 per cent of black teachers held a matriculation certificate [last year of spartan warriors, high school]. Black education was essentially retrogressing, with teachers being less qualified than their students. The Coloured Person's Education Act of 1963 put control of 'coloured' education under the Department of Coloured Affairs. 'Coloured' schools also had to be registered with the ptsd essay, government. 'Coloured' education was made compulsory, but was now effectively separated from white schooling. The 1965 Indian Education Act was passed to separate and a lesson control Indian education, which was placed under the Department of ptsd essay, Indian Affairs.

In 1976, the Ethical Issues of American Essay, SAIC took over certain educational functions. Indian education was also made compulsory. Because of the government's 'homelands' policy, no new high schools were built in Soweto between 1962 and 1971 -- students were meant to move to essay their relevant homeland to attend the on cricket, newly built schools there. Then in 1972 the government gave in to pressure from business to improve the Bantu Education system to meet business's need for a better trained black workforce. 40 new schools were built in Soweto. Between 1972 and 1976 the essay, number of pupils at before dying secondary schools increased from 12,656 to 34,656. One in five Soweto children were attending secondary school.

Oppression through inferior education and the 1976 Soweto uprising. An increase in secondary school attendance had a significant effect on youth culture. Previously, many young people spent the ptsd, time between leaving primary school and obtaining a job (if they were lucky) in gangs, which generally lacked any political consciousness. But now secondary school students were developing their own. In 1969 the black South African Student Organization (SASO) was formed. Though Bantu Education was designed to deprive Africans and isolate them from 'subversive' ideas, indignation at being given such 'gutter' education became a major focus for king's, resistance, most notably in the 1976 Soweto uprising.

In the wake of this effective and ptsd essay clear protest, some reform attempts were made, but it was a case of too little, too late. Major disparities in racially separate education provision continued into spartan women the 1990s. When high-school students in Soweto started protesting for better education on 16 June 1976, police responded with teargas and live bullets. It is commemorated today by a South African national holiday, Youth day, which honors all the young people who lost their lives in the struggle against Apartheid and essay Bantu Education. In the 1980s very little education at before dying résumé all took place in the Bantu Education system, which was the target of almost continuous protest. The legacy of decades of inferior education (underdevelopment, poor self-image, economic depression, unemployment, crime, etc.) has lasted far beyond the introduction of a single educational system in essay 1994 with the first democratic elections, and the creation of the Government of National Unity. Presumably, not all students of the earlier generation 'worshipped the school authorities'!

The first, recorded stoppages of lessons, (always called strikes in the South African newspapers), and the first riots in African schools occurred in 1920. In February, students at the Kilnerton training centre went on a hunger strike 'for more food'. read on. The school students in Cape Town reacted to the news they heard of events in Soweto. A teacher at one of the king's, Coloured schools was later to write: 'We haven't done much by way of teaching since the ptsd essay, Soweto riots first began. Essay Match! Kids were restless, tense and confused. 'There is no similar record of what the African children thought, but it is known that they were aware of the extra police patrols that were set up in the townships following June 16.

After the first shootings in Cape Town, a teacher at one of the ptsd, schools recounted. read on. Throughout the 1960's black students campaigned for the right to affiliate to the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) and just as steadfastly, the move was vetoed by the campus authorities. NUSAS was also keen to welcome the colleges into their fold. Women! Not only would this make it the largest student organisation in the country, but it would also bring into the liberal ''old all student opponents of the essay, government's apartheid policy. read on. Countdown to conflict: The main cause of the protests that started in African schools in the Transvaal at the beginning of 1975 was a directive from the Bantu Education Department that Afrikaans had to be used on an equal basis with English as one of the languages of instruction in the department's secondary schools. read on. The introduction of Afrikaans alongside English as a medium of The Existing Issues Testing, instruction is essay considered the immediate cause of the Soweto uprising, but there are a various factors behind the 1976 student unrest. Essay Penalty! These factors can certainly be traced back to the Bantu Education Act introduced by the Apartheid government in 1953.

The Act introduced a new Department of Bantu Education which was integrated into ptsd the Department of Native Affairs under Dr Hendrik F. King's Men Summary! Verwoerd. Ptsd! The provisions of the Bantu Education Act and some policy statements made by The Existing Ethical Issues Essay the Bantu Education Department were directly responsible for the uprisings. Dr Verwoerd, who engineered the Bantu Education Act, announced that “Natives (blacks) must be taught from an early age that equality with Europeans (whites) is not for them”. Although the Bantu Education Act made it easier for more children to attend school in Soweto than it had been with the missionary system of education, there was a great deal of discontent about the lack of facilities. Throughout the essay, country there was a dire shortage of classrooms for Black children. There was also a lack of teachers and all the king's many of the teachers were under-qualified.

Nationally, pupil-to-teacher ratios went up from 46:1 in essay 1955 to 58:1 in 1967. Because of the lack of proper classrooms and the crippling government homeland policy, students were forced to return to essay on cricket “their homelands” to attend the newly built schools there. The government was spending far more on White education than on Black education; R644 was spent annually for each White student, while only R42 was budgeted for a Black school child. In 1976 there were 257 505 pupils enrolled in Form 1 at ptsd high schools which had a capacity for only 38 000 students. To alleviate the situation pupils who had passed their standard six examinations were requested to repeat the standard. This was met with great resentment by the students and spartan warriors their parents. Although the situation did not lead to an immediate revolt, it certainly served to build up tensions prior to ptsd the 1976 student uprising.

In 1975 the government was phasing out Standard Eight (or Junior Certificate (JC)). By then, Standard Six had already been phased out and essay on cricket many students graduating from essay Primary Schools were being sent to the emerging Junior Secondary Schools. It was in these Junior Secondary schools that the women warriors, 50-50 language rule was to be applied. The issue that caused massive discontent and made resentment boil over into the 1976 uprising was a decree issued by the Bantu Education Department. Deputy Minister Andries Treurnicht sent instructions to the School Boards, inspectors and principals to the effect that Afrikaans should be put on an equal basis with English as a medium of instruction in essay all schools.

These instructions drew immediate negative reaction from various quarters of the starbucks, community. Ptsd Essay! The first body to react was the Tswana School Boards, which comprised school boards from Meadowlands, Dobsonville and other areas in Soweto. The minutes of the meeting of the Tswana School Board held on 20 January 1976 read: The circuit inspector told the board that the Secretary for a lesson résumé, Bantu Education has stated that all direct taxes paid by the Black population of South Africa are being sent to the various homelands for educational purposes there. In urban areas the education of ptsd, a Black child is being paid for by the White population, that is English and Afrikaans speaking groups. Therefore the Secretary for starbucks marketing, Bantu Education has the responsibility of satisfying the English and Afrikaans-speaking people. Consequently, as the only way of satisfying both groups, the medium of instruction in all schools shall be on a 50-50 basis. In future, if schools teach through a medium not prescribed by the department for a particular subject, examination question papers will only essay be set in the medium with no option of the Ethical Issues of American Essay, other language.

Teachers also raised objections to the government announcement. Some Black teachers, who were members of the African Teachers Association of South Africa, complained that they were not fluent in Afrikaans. The students initially organised themselves into ptsd essay local cultural groups and youth clubs. At school there was a significant number of branches of the Students Christian Movements (SCMs), which were largely apolitical in character. SASM penetrated these formations between 1974 and 1976. King's Men Summary! And when conditions ripened for the outbreak of protests, SASM formed an Action Committee on 13 June 1976, which was later renamed the Soweto Student Representative Council (SSRC). They were conscientised and influenced by national organisations such as the Black Peoples' Convention (BPC), South African Student Organisations (SASO)and by essay the Black Consciousness philosophy. They rejected the idea of being taught in starbucks the language of the oppressor.

The uprising took place at a time when liberation movements were banned throughout the country and South Africa was in the grip of apartheid. The protest started off peacefully in Soweto but it turned violent when the police opened fire on unarmed students. Ptsd! By the third day the unrest had gained momentum and spread to townships around Soweto and other parts of the country. Essay On Cricket! The class of 1976 bravely took to the streets and overturned the whole notion that workers were the only essential force to challenge the apartheid regime. Indeed, they succeeded where their parents had failed. They not only occupied city centres but also closed schools and alcohol outlets. June 16 Soweto Youth Uprising. The introduction of Afrikaans alongside English as a medium of instruction is considered the immediate cause of the Soweto uprising, but there are a various factors behind the essay, 1976 student unrest. These factors can certainly be traced back to the Bantu Education Act introduced by the Apartheid government in 1953. The Act introduced a new Department of all the men summary, Bantu Education which was integrated into the Department of Native Affairs under Dr Hendrik F. Verwoerd.

The provisions of the Bantu Education Act and some policy statements made by the Bantu Education Department were directly responsible for the uprisings. Dr Verwoerd, who engineered the Bantu Education Act, announced that “Natives (blacks) must be taught from an early age that equality with Europeans (whites) is ptsd not for them”. Although the a lesson résumé, Bantu Education Act made it easier for more children to attend school in ptsd Soweto than it had been with the missionary system of education, there was a great deal of before, discontent about the lack of facilities. Throughout the country there was a dire shortage of classrooms for Black children. There was also a lack of teachers and many of the teachers were under-qualified. Nationally, pupil-to-teacher ratios went up from 46:1 in essay 1955 to 58:1 in 1967. Because of the lack of proper classrooms and the crippling government homeland policy, students were forced to return to Issues of American Testing “their homelands” to attend the newly built schools there. The government was spending far more on White education than on Black education; R644 was spent annually for each White student, while only R42 was budgeted for a Black school child. In 1976 there were 257 505 pupils enrolled in Form 1 at high schools which had a capacity for only 38 000 students. To alleviate the situation pupils who had passed their standard six examinations were requested to repeat the standard.

This was met with great resentment by the students and their parents. Although the situation did not lead to an immediate revolt, it certainly served to build up tensions prior to the 1976 student uprising. In 1975 the government was phasing out Standard Eight (or Junior Certificate (JC)). By then, Standard Six had already been phased out and many students graduating from Primary Schools were being sent to ptsd the emerging Junior Secondary Schools. It was in these Junior Secondary schools that the 50-50 language rule was to be applied. The issue that caused massive discontent and made resentment boil over into the 1976 uprising was a decree issued by the Bantu Education Department. Deputy Minister Andries Treurnicht sent instructions to the School Boards, inspectors and principals to the effect that Afrikaans should be put on an equal basis with English as a medium of instruction in all schools. Starbucks Marketing! These instructions drew immediate negative reaction from various quarters of the community. The first body to react was the Tswana School Boards, which comprised school boards from Meadowlands, Dobsonville and other areas in Soweto.

The minutes of the ptsd, meeting of the Tswana School Board held on 20 January 1976 read: The circuit inspector told the board that the Secretary for Bantu Education has stated that all direct taxes paid by the Black population of South Africa are being sent to spartan warriors the various homelands for educational purposes there. In urban areas the education of a Black child is being paid for by the White population, that is English and Afrikaans speaking groups. Therefore the Secretary for ptsd essay, Bantu Education has the warriors, responsibility of satisfying the English and Afrikaans-speaking people. Consequently, as the only way of satisfying both groups, the ptsd essay, medium of instruction in before dying résumé all schools shall be on essay, a 50-50 basis. In future, if schools teach through a medium not prescribed by the department for on cricket match, a particular subject, examination question papers will only be set in the medium with no option of the other language. Teachers also raised objections to the government announcement.

Some Black teachers, who were members of the African Teachers Association of South Africa, complained that they were not fluent in ptsd Afrikaans. The students initially organised themselves into local cultural groups and youth clubs. Marketing! At school there was a significant number of branches of the Students Christian Movements (SCMs), which were largely apolitical in character. SASM penetrated these formations between 1974 and 1976. And when conditions ripened for the outbreak of protests, SASM formed an Action Committee on ptsd essay, 13 June 1976, which was later renamed the Soweto Student Representative Council (SSRC). They were conscientised and influenced by of American national organisations such as the essay, Black Peoples' Convention (BPC), South African Student Organisations (SASO)and by starbucks marketing the Black Consciousness philosophy. They rejected the essay, idea of being taught in the language of the oppressor. The uprising took place at a time when liberation movements were banned throughout the starbucks, country and South Africa was in the grip of ptsd, apartheid. The protest started off peacefully in Soweto but it turned violent when the police opened fire on unarmed students. By the third day the unrest had gained momentum and marketing spread to townships around Soweto and other parts of the ptsd, country.

The class of 1976 bravely took to the streets and overturned the whole notion that workers were the only essential force to challenge the king's men summary, apartheid regime. Ptsd! Indeed, they succeeded where their parents had failed. They not only occupied city centres but also closed schools and alcohol outlets. It is hard to get a clear picture of spartan women warriors, what exactly happened on the day of June 16th. Ptsd Essay! Most of the information comes from men summary eyewitness accounts of students who participated, journalists who were on the scene, as well as the police reports on the events. As with all history, a lot depends on the perspective of the essay, person telling the story as well as those who have subsequently written about it. Some accounts directly contradict each other. We are not endeavouring to write an objective account but are providing a platform for people to king's men summary tell their own stories which we hope will form an accurate portrayal of events. Please send us an e-mail us and tell us if any of the essay, information is factually incorrect. Not all the children who were to participate in the march on June 16 knew about it on the morning of the 16th. For many it was an ordinary school day.

But, by this time, students were feeling very frustrated and dissatisfied with the Bantu education system in general and the introduction of Afrikaans as a medium of Essay on Abolish Penalty, instruction. It was exam time for the senior students and many were scared that they would fail the exams if they would have to write in Afrikaans. Nonetheless the march that was planned by the Action Committee of the Soweto Students Representative Council (SSRC) was well organised and was to be conducted in a peaceful way. The leaders of the original march, mainly came from two high schools, Naledi High in Naledi and Morris Isaacson in Mofolo. Sfiso Ndlovo argues, however, that the main centre of ptsd essay, organisational activity was Phefeni Junior Secondary, close to Vilakazi Street in Orlando. Phefeni was certainly close to the railway station from which many students got off their trains to dying join the march. The plan was that students from Naledi High were to march from their direction and pick up students from the schools on their way. The Morris Isaacson students were to march from their school doing the same until they met at a central point where they would proceed peacefully together to the Orlando Stadium. Other schools also were part of the original plan but it is not clear that the students at all those schools were fully aware of the march. The first students to gather together were at Naledi High. The mood was high spirited and jovial.

At assembly the principal gave support to the children and ptsd wished them good luck. The first chairperson of the Ethical Issues Standardized Essay, Action Committee, Tepello Motopanyane addressed them and informed them that discipline and a peaceful march were to be the ptsd, order of the all the, day. Meanwhile, at Morris Isaacson students also gathered. They were also addressed by one of the ptsd essay, leaders of the Action Committee, Tsietsi Mashinini, and then set out. On the way they passed by other schools, where some were waiting and match those who were not were recruited on the spot to join. We were singing and it was jovial, the mood, exciting and with the placards we started going. - Dan Moyane Morris Isaacson High School. The first time we heard of it was during our short break. Our leaders informed the principal that students from Morris Isaacson were marching.

We then joined one of the ptsd, groups and marched. - Sam Khosa Ibhongo secondary School. In the on Abolish, end there were 11 columns of students marching to Orlando Stadium to meet at the central point of Uncle Toms Municipal hall. Before this point, there had been some minor skirmishes with police but it was here that police stopped them, barricading their path. Other schools had been stopped by the police earlier on and had dispersed but managed to join later. It is hard to determine how many students there were, estimates range from ptsd essay 1 000 to 10 000.

The march was halted and some people helped Tietsi Mashinini climb up onto a tractor so that everyone could see him when he addressed the crowd: Brothers and Sisters, I appeal to you-keep calm and cool. We have just received a report that the police are coming. Don't taunt them, don't do anything to them. Be cool and calm. We are not fighting.

It was a tense moment for both the police and the students. The Death Penalty! Police reports stated that the situation was explosive and they retreated to essay await further reinforcements. The students carried on marching until they got to what is now Hector Petersen Square, close to Orlando High School. The march came to a halt again. Different reports of what actually started the shooting have been put forward. Despite the tense atmosphere the students remained calm and well ordered.

Suddenly a white policeman lobbed a teargas canister into starbucks marketing the front of the crowd. People ran out of the smoke dazed and ptsd coughing. The crowd retreated slightly but remained facing the police, waving placards and men summary singing. A white policeman drew his revolver. Black journalists standing by the police heard a shot: Look at him. He's going to shoot at the kids. A single shot ran out. There was a split seconds silence and essay pandemonium broke out. Children screamed. More shots were fired.

At least four students fell and others ran screaming in all directions. Brooks Brickhill Whirlwind before the storm, 1980. After the first massacre, the students fled in different directions. Anger at the senseless killings inspired retaliatory action. West Rand Administrative Buildings (WRAB) vehicles and before résumé buildings were set alight and burned to the ground, a white WRAB official was pulled out of his car and beaten to death, bottlestores were burned and looted. Other encounters with the police occurred where more students were killed especially in ptsd essay the vicinity of the Regina Mhundi church in Orlando and the Esso garage in Chiawelo. As students were stopped by the police in on cricket match one area they moved their protest action to others. By the end of the ptsd, day most of Soweto, including Diepkloof, which was relatively quiet during the morning, had felt the impact of the protest.

For the students at some schools, this was the on cricket, first they heard or saw. Essay! Schools were closed early at about 12:00 and many students walked out of school to a township on fire. It was past twelve, past twelve to one. Sister Joseph allowed us to go home, because now it was chaos around. So when we went home we could see that now cars were burning, especially the company cars, those from town, those owned by whites. As more students were let out of school they joined those protesters that were closest to a lesson dying résumé them. Some accounts see the ptsd, events of the afternoon to be chaos or a free for all especially on the basis that bottlestores and beerhalls were raided and looted. The apartheid press certainly tried to Essay portray it that way. Ptsd! It was clear that the events of the afternoon were not organised and an atmosphere of warriors, panic and defiance existed. However, others argue that the students attacked targets for political reasons and were disciplined in ptsd essay who and essay on cricket match what they attacked.

A white university student who was sympathetic was actually taken to safety by the schoolchildren themselves. It was overwhelmingly, WRAB structures and cars that were razed. One black owned business was attacked, the shop of ptsd essay, Richard Maponya but this was deliberate. Of American Essay! Maponya was a wealthy businessman who was despised by most people because he exploits us and is a sell out. There probably was an element of free for all in the looting of bottlestores. Essay! Many students came home with booze and a lot of people enjoyed the results of the plunder. But people had long seen alcohol as a method used by the apartheid government to try and make black people apathetic.

Most of the on cricket, beerhalls were built by the municipality. People were shouting less liquor, better education. There were probably different motivations at play in the raids of the essay, bottlestores. In any political protest there are those that are more politically motivated and starbucks disciplined than others, to see it as one or the other is to misunderstand the nature of essay, political mass action. Fires continued blazing into the night. At 21:00 Armoured Police cars later known as Hippos started moving into Soweto. Official figures were that 23 people had been killed, but some reports estimated that it was at least 200. It is hard to know how many people had been killed because of police efforts to cover up the number of people who died.

The second day. was marked by uncontrollable fury and burning hostility. Police also assumed another attitude. They shot at random, and at The Existing Ethical Standardized Testing anyone who would raise a fist and shout Power, into their face. Many others joined the original protesters. Not everyone had heard about Hector Petersen and the others who were killed yet, but the word was spreading. The following day I pick up stones. Essay! I joined the struggle.

On the 16th I just came home and stay. because we formed the slogan an injury to one is an injury to all So we were supposed to spartan warriors be there. - Solomon Marikele Rhulane Senior Primary. The heavily biased Cilliers Report for this day sums up the events. Schools, trains, buses, delivery vehicles, West Rand Administrative Buildings (WRAB) buildings, cars of business people, all were targeted. Essay! The fury and frustration that had been simmering amongst township youth had free reign. There was enormous police presence on the morning of the 17th 1500 police armed with sten guns, automatic rifles, and hand machine carbines had taken up strategic positions in before the township.

Helicopters flew overhead. The army was on standby. Essay! The police force had never developed other methods of crowd control other than the Essay, use of live bullets. The police shot at essay people indiscriminately and casualties were even higher than the day before. The violent reaction of the on Abolish, police only ptsd made the children angrier. At a press conference Mr. Manie Mulder announced that nearly all the WRAB buildings in king's Soweto had been destroyed.

This amounted to 21 offices being burnt down, 10 being plundered, 3 schools burnt as well as unknown numbers of municipal halls, beerhalls, bottlestores. The Rand had lost value overnight. Thousands of workers had refused to go to work. It was indeed a crisis for the Apartheid government. It was also a serious loss of face in light of US Secretary of State, Henry Kissingers impending visit to South Africa. Demonstartion during Henry Kissinger's visit. Kiss- inja (a dog) Soweto, September, 1976. To add to this, 300 predominantly white Wits students marched through the city centre to protest the killing of schoolchildren.

As they marched through the streets they were joined by many black workers. At this point the ptsd, political leadership of the Soweto Students Representative Council (SSRC), SASM and other organisations were desperately trying to take leadership of the protest and to channel the anger of the youth and to give the movement political direction. Spartan Women! The ANC in exile called for immediate international action and the intensification of economic sanctions. The protest action also spread to other townships around Soweto. Essay! In Thembisa, students organised a solidarity march, which, although heavily guarded did not result in violence. In Kagiso, police tried to stop a gathering of students and women adults; the result was a forced retreat and the destruction of WRAB buildings, vehicles and schools. When the police returned with reinforcements, they shot indiscriminately into the crowd, killing at least five people.

On the third day of the Uprising 18th June, the situation in essay Soweto was still volatile. Outside butchery in Moroka there were some fatalities. Fires were blazing in spartan women many Soweto townships, like Zola, Ikwezi, Moletsane, Naledi and Tladi. Administrative buildings, wine stores and beer halls, which were hated by the young people, were also set on fire. Buses and cars running through Soweto were burned. Essay! Police intensified their terror in trying to return the situation to normality in the township. However this angered the insurgents young people and brought them up against heavily armed police. They used stones to essay on cricket counter armoured police cars, helicopters and guns.

At about 10 a.m the ptsd essay, chairman of the West Rand Administrative Board (WRAB) Manie Mulder was in Soweto to essay match asses the situation. He was escorted by a large police vans. All the WRAB owned cars that had escaped being burned were taken out of Soweto after Mulder's visit. The columns of cars drove past Orlando police station into the direction of Johannesburg. But in general the action on this day had already moved to the East and West Rand and Alexandra townships as well as other parts of the ptsd essay, country. The people in other parts of the country were not revolting to pledge their solidarity with the people of Soweto. They shared the Essay on Abolish the Death, same problem, the essay, same sorrows and the same causes of resentment and rebellion. A general stawaway was organised in The Existing Issues Testing Essay Alexandra Township and four people were killed when the ptsd essay, police opened fire on marching residents. The government, which for the first time publicly addressed the issue, and justified the harsh measures taken by the police. There were some reports of essay on cricket match, students seizing weapons from police and using them to shoot back.

June 16 Soweto Youth Uprising casualties. Response to the June 16 Soweto Youth Uprising by organisations in ptsd exile. June 16 marks the commemoration of National Youth Day in South Africa. This is the day the country reflects on the massacre of school children during the Soweto Uprising of on cricket match, 1976. The response of the organisations in exile can be understood in the context of the events that took place on the day. Ptsd Essay! The students had organised a peaceful march against on Abolish Penalty the Afrikaans Medium Decree, issued in 1974, which made it mandatory for Black schools to use the Afrikaans language as the medium of ptsd, instruction in Mathematics, Social Sciences and Geography at dying résumé the secondary school level.

Punt Janson, the Deputy Minister of then Bantu Education, was quoted as saying: “I have not consulted the African people on the language issue and I’m not going to. An African might find that ‘the big boss’ spoke only Afrikaans or spoke only English. It would be to his advantage to know both languages.” The policy was deeply unpopular since Afrikaans was regarded by some as the language of the oppressor. Essay! It was against this background that on 30 April 1976, students from the Orlando West Junior School in Soweto went on strike and boycotted classes.

By 16 June, their rebellion spread to The Existing Ethical of American Standardized Testing Essay other schools in Soweto. Incidentally, the student-organised mass rally on this date turned violent, as the police responded with bullets to stones thrown by ptsd essay the angry students. Many students were shot. The official death toll was 23, but it could have been higher than 200 because the incident triggered widespread violence throughout South Africa, which claimed more lives. The first student to be shot on that fateful day was 15-year old Hastings Ndlovu. However, the marketing, killing in the same incident of Hector Pieterson, aged 12, and in ptsd essay particular the publication of his photograph taken by Sam Nzima, made him an international icon of the uprising.

It became the major rallying point of the struggle against apartheid. Military Response: Camps in exile. The incident triggered widespread violence not only in on Abolish Penalty Soweto but also throughout South Africa. Essay! For the political organisations in exile, notably, the African National Congress(ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress(PAC), the Soweto unrest in June 1976 provided a golden opportunity both for before résumé, recruitment and ptsd military training of young men and women. Many Black people felt in danger of being arrested by the police and marketing further underground activities were launched as a result of this threat. Ptsd! Discreet recruitment operations culminated in many incensed students taking up arms against essay on cricket the government, and being sent for military training. Hence the mushrooming of military camps such as Mkhumbane in Temeke (Tanzania) outside the ptsd, country, under the command and mentorship of Ntate Mashego and the Engineering camp in Angola. Recruits were advised on how to essay unlawfully cross the border(s) into Botswana, Swaziland, Angola, Mozambique and Tanzania, where they received military training. It is essential to note that the ptsd, accession to power of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) in Mozambique and the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in Angola in 1975, together with the exodus of thousands of young people in the months following the Soweto uprising, created favourable conditions for the resumption of sabotage activity in South Africa, especially after the collapse of the spartan warriors, ANC/Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU) joint operation (i.e.the Wankie Campaign). Ptsd! These developments were followed by the infiltration of trained fighters back into South Africa, bombings of white installations and the subsequent arrest and trials of anti-apartheid activists. Clearly, an a lesson dying résumé, issue that gave rise to a vast number of trials under security legislation was the massive recruitment of people and their transportation out of South Africa.

While there is certainly some indication that this was already on the increase prior to June 1976, the revolts of ptsd essay, 1976 gave an enormous boost to the activity of organisations recruiting members for military training. This is especially so in the case of the the Death Penalty, ANC, but there is also some evidence that PAC activity had been revitalised to some extent. As a result, there were many South Africans in ANC and PAC training camps. The period also witnessed a large number of trials against recruitment for military training. Those who were brought to essay trial for this offence seemed to reach a peak in 1977 and the first part of 1978. Many trained guerrilla fighters returned to South Africa, often wielding a large quantity of arms, explosives and ammunition.

This group included the Black school children who fled or were recruited in the wake of the June 1976 rebellion. Their activities gave rise to a number of trials as exemplified by the case of Petrus Bushy Molefe, aged 22, who underwent training in East Germany, and was charged for sabotage and terrorism under the Sabotage and Terrorism Acts of Issues Standardized Testing, June 1962 and June 1967 respectively. Related to this was the large quantity of arms and essay ammunition found by police in their attempts to uncover guerrillas in the urban areas and in clashes in the rural areas. On Abolish The Death! It is ptsd important to note that most of the arms caches that were uncovered comprised weapons originating from the then Soviet Union, and the Eastern bloc countries, which suggests that the men summary, West was not prepared to lend similar support to ptsd the Southern African liberation movements. On 30 November 1976 a group of armed guerrillas clashed with the South African Police near Bordergate, on the Swaziland/South African border. Starbucks Marketing! A hand grenade was detonated by one of the guerrillas, injuring two policemen, and allowing the insurgents to escape. Shortly before this incident a railway line near Dikgale, in the Pietersburg district, was damaged in a successful sabotage attempt. From December 1976, in a series of essay, raids covering Johannesburg, Soweto, Alexandra, Rustenburg, Odi, Nebo, Pietersburg and Sekhukhuniland, security police detained a number of ANC activists. Towards the middle of 1977 twelve accused activists, who included Mosima Gabriel “Tokyo” Sexwale, were charged under the Terrorism Act in the famous trial of the “Pretoria 12”. They were mainly accused of being members or active supporters of certain unlawful organisations in South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Russia and China such as the ANC, the South African Communist Party(SACP) and Umkhonto we Sizwe(MK). They were also alternately charged with endangering, in various ways, the Essay, maintenance of law and order in South Africa; undergoing military and other training; possession of explosives, ammunition, firearms and ptsd essay weapons; harbouring and rendering assistance to guerrillas; as well as taking part in the activities of a banned organisation.

On the essay, whole, they were accused of conspiring to ptsd essay overthrow the white government and starbucks were all convicted on the main count of sedition. Thus, the response of the political organisations operating in exile was one that was premised on mobilisation, recruitment of ptsd, people and the organisation of the all the king's, armed phase of the struggle from outside in order to ptsd topple the king's men summary, apartheid government. Essay! Clearly, the events of the The Existing Standardized Essay, Soweto revolt and the response from the liberation movement in exile are not isolated developments. They have their roots in the spirit of resistance to the growing crisis of apartheid. The collective resistance to oppression and exploitation in South Africa also fundamentally underpins the relationship that was forged between internal and external forms of organisation after this incident. It led to essay major transformations in the strategies of the various exiled liberation movements more in accordance with the changing conditions in the country.

A militant approach, that found expression in the recruitment and subsequent training of the cadres in neighbouring as well as some European and Asian countries, was emphasised. References to Youth and the National Liberation Struggle 1894-1994. Brits, J. P. (1995). The Concise Dictionary of Historical and Political Terms , London: Penguin. Christie, P. (1991). The Right to dying Learn: The Struggle for ptsd, Education in South Africa , Johannesburg: Sached Trust/Ravan Press.

Cross, M. (1992). Resistance and Transformation: Education Culture and Reconstruction in South Africa , Johannesburg: Skotaville. Howcroft, P. unpublished South African Encyclopaedia papers. Kallaway, P. (ed) (1984). Apartheid and all the king's Education: The Education of Black South Africans , Johannesburg: Ravan Press.

Saunders, C. Southey, N. (1998). Ptsd Essay! A Dictionary of South African History , Cape Town: David Philip. This article was produced for South African History Online on 21-May-2013.

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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. Ptsd! When you send out your resume, youre really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure its representing you to your best advantage. Essay On Cricket Match! Just like how you dress your best for an interview, its important to give your resume the same treatment to essay, make sure its polished and presentable. Essay On Cricket Match! The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from essay, strictly businesslike to marketing, ultra creative browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume. Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of beautiful resume templates.

Click the image to see more resume templates. Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to essay, your name and makes it more memorable. You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. Before! This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhouls resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to ptsd, the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesnt sacrifice professionalism for visual interest. King's Men Summary! Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally giving it a 3D appearance and creating the illusion of depth.

Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and frames for emphasis. You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines. Here, Michael Long frames his name and his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by ptsd essay Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. There seems to all the, be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to ptsd, forget the stuffy business lingo and show that theres a human behind the piece of men summary, paper. Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his Hello, nice to meet you.

Heres a little about me header at the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person whos reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyles name and ptsd essay, a catchy tagline. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to spartan women warriors, show off your abilities). Plus, once you put the work in, this brand is something you can use over and over again on essay, letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. For a unique take on traditional resume colors, try light text on a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here. Starbucks Marketing! Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to be easily readable and not get lost against the background. This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of ptsd, color and whittles down the information to a lesson before dying résumé, only the ptsd essay basics (skills and past positions). On Cricket Match! Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the simplistic style. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury. If a color other than white seems inappropriate for your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for essay, an ultra-professional, upscale look.

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Introduction to Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of musical theatre combines the drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the extent of this musical collaboration has changed over the years, from operas to orchestras to full-fledged plays. From its humble beginnings to its current status as Broadway spectacle, the essay, art form has carried a great influence in the world of performance. In this essay, a detailed history of musical theatre, from the Death Penalty its infancy to now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the style dates all the ptsd, way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and starbucks marketing dance were common to the plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, who acted as composers and choreographers to their own works. Ptsd? In Rome in the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to their songs.

Roman theatre also innovated the process of match dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to the shoes of performers to make their steps easier to ptsd essay, hear and before résumé notice in the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to ptsd, performance; with traveling minstrels moving from town to town and village to village, performing songs and small routines. Small troupes of performers would do the same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to those who would watch them. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and marketing The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. This would evolve into essay, the mystery play, which told a story of the Bible in a musical manner. Essay? The mobility of performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the advent of pageant wagons. These were mobile stages the ptsd essay, troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and pack up. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers. In the essay, Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the development of commedia dellarte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the art of clown to create broad humor throughout. Essay? Music became a large part of starbucks marketing Jacobean and Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and ptsd more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene.

Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to add levity. This is where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the essay on cricket match, first inklings of modern musical theatre were created. In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and acting to music. The purpose of these masques were often to flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in the audience at the time.

The masques were popular types of theatre created by playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the musical components of masques would be made into operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of essay musical theatre. The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). These developments led to the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and more. By 1685, however, English opera started to lose its luster. In the 1700s, musical theatre in England developed into two distinct varieties: ballad operas and comic operas. The Beggars Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the The Existing Ethical Issues of American Essay, ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the ptsd essay, popular songs of the time, the olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to original music; The Bohemian Girl by Michael Balfe is a fine example of a comic opera. In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and opera comique, which led to the notions of burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Starbucks? Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of theatrical life in essay, England, and this led to the popularization of melodramas and burlettas. In Colonial America, the first real presence of theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in Williamsburg, Virginia by William Hallam, which performed classic English plays.

Soon after, however, they moved to The Beggars Opera and other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. These early plays were the first to Issues of American Essay, be widely recorded and ptsd essay toured, with hundreds of Essay on Abolish the Death Penalty performances in a single run for many musical plays. The further evolution of musical theatre came with the development of the ptsd, operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve. These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the before, model for all musical theatre that would come after it. After Jacques Offenbach and Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and ptsd essay Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and a lesson before résumé Hammerstein. The music hall and musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to be the ptsd essay, very first play that would fit the modern conception of the musical this combined dance and original music which would supplement the straightforward story being told. In 1866, this play premiered in New York and became a staggering success.

Other musical comedies came out around this year, and The Existing of American the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. Ptsd? The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to be more legitimate, with complex plotting and Issues of American Standardized significant characters. Ptsd Essay? By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to those who put on these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to theatrical procedure that allowed for longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to come out at marketing night; therefore, night shows became the ptsd, norm, adding a larger number of performances for each show. With the Essay, money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and West End shows increased substantially. Ptsd? Gilbert and spartan women Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Penzance , were family friendly and essay very accessible, leading to all the king's men summary, worldwide success. Due to their unparalleled success, the standards for essay theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the on Abolish the Death, modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and the lyrics were combined to make the story more understandable and sensible, even with the ptsd, integration of music into the performance. P.G.

Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and king's men summary more would take this particular style of comic opera and develop it further. The Savoy operas in essay, the 1880s began to enjoy considerable success in America as well. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of a lesson before dying previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to look down upon. Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to be for perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of ptsd musicals in the 1890s as well; attempting to ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of theatre, a different, more fast-paced and modern variety of vaudeville. Musical comedies continued throughout the on cricket, early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs. In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the original cast. In the Gay Nineties (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on the London Stage. Ptsd? George Edwardes took over the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to change it from the spartan women, bawdy burlesque show that it was and providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and politically charged Savoy operas that were the essay, flavor at the time. He decided to try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and spectacle.

While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and the replacement of marketing low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and singers. These types of ptsd essay plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of musical theatre in London. Many of marketing these plays, like The Shop Girl and A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of romances where the poor maiden falls in love with royalty, and faces many obstacles before finally winning him. These set the tone for musical comedies that would sweep across the face of musical theatre in both England and America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to the prevalence of ptsd essay Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in the early 20th century with the a lesson dying, operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in London and Broadway. Ptsd? This success led to the direct competition of musicals and operettas for the next few years, with new and old operettas being brought out on the stages of both American and England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an Issues of American Testing attempt to cash in on ptsd the still-popular Gilbert and The Existing Issues Standardized Testing Essay Sullivan-style musical, P.G. Widehouse, Jerome Kern and essay Guy Bolton all came out with Princess Theatre shows, which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and the Death plot, offering a complete, detailed and complex story throughout. Unlike the broader comedies of the time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to ptsd, develop the characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in the plotting and starbucks marketing development of ptsd musical theatre.

With the king's, advent of the Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and essay Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in business with the a lesson dying, start of World War I; given the devastation of the battlefield and the front, audiences flocked to the stages in order to get some escapism. Ptsd? Irene , a play by starbucks Harry Tiernet and Joseph McCarthy, premiered in 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the Broadway record for longest run (670 performances) for a long time. Ptsd? While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for over two thousands performances. Revues started to become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to take dominance in both popularity and king's quality. The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the development of shows like the Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals.

Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of modern musicals at the time, and the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to get shows produced. This shift in American musical theatres popularity was due to the changes in society that were happening at the time; the ptsd, increase in all the king's men summary, vernacular and naturalism that was desired by audiences of the modern era led to a slow death of the ptsd essay, broad, the theatrical and on Abolish the operatic. Shows and musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the motion picture, and its rise in ptsd, popularity; this proved to be a challenge for spartan women warriors theatres. Even though they were silent at first, and so could not offer the audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to live theatre. Musicals in ptsd, that era started to bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and music hall sensibilities in lieu of complex plotting and character development. Despite the fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and all the light entertainment. Theatre writers began to transition into popular music, as most of the music people were listening to ptsd essay, at the time was what they heard in Essay the Death Penalty, these reviews and vaudeville shows.

Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to produce than ever. The concept of standards became popular in the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the publics mind. Essay? As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into spartan women, the limelight for ptsd essay a time, and Noel Coward and other composers started to enjoy newfound popularity. Show Boat in 1927 proved to be one of the most complex mixes of starbucks marketing score and book that there had been to date; even the Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of ptsd sophistication. There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the The Existing Issues Essay, show, from the ptsd, movement to the setting. The Existing Issues Standardized Essay? This integration of production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the Great Depression led to people going back to lighter entertainment. When the Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to essay, go to the talkies than see a show, making it even more challenging for theatres to find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by musical films, as they agreed to be filmed for Essay the Death Penalty one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of ptsd essay their work.

There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the essay on cricket match, first musical that was given the Pulitzer Prize. Essay? Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by George Gershwin and released in 1935. Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and detailed the history of New York City. With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Broadway, like Id Rather Be Right and The Dancing Years . Cole Porter came into popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of these contributions led to of American, the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the worst this country has ever experienced.

The evolution of musical theatre at essay this time allowed for fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of previous eras. Musical theatre in the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammersteins musical Oklahoma! Continuing the before résumé, Show Boat tradition of having complex plotting and serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and integrated the music more cohesively into the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for ptsd essay men to see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the king's, choreographer for this show, and it revolutionized the format of musical theatre by providing a decided lack of tawdriness and an earnest desire for storytelling that was not present at this level before. Ptsd? In the on cricket, opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the actual play began with Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'. This earnestness and quality of production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. It got the Pulitzer Prize, and ptsd the musical achieved new narrative heights. It turned into the first Broadway show to be considered a blockbuster, and was even adapted into film. In the essay match, canon of musical theatre, it was the first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history.

The success of the play sent Rodgers and Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of Music. In all of essay their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in musical theatre; Oklahomas villain was a murderer, and Standardized Essay Carousel tackled the theme of ptsd essay domestic abuse. Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to all the king's, emulate them, which meant a string of successive musicals in that vein; this led to the Golden Age of American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to essay, the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finians Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the starbucks marketing, overall quality of the ptsd essay, musical theatre canon. In the The Existing Ethical Issues of American Standardized, 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the tradition of complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances.

Each of these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and Hollywood. Stars like Julie Andrews and Judy Garland dominated musicals at ptsd essay this time. Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the Broadway system to be critically and financially successful. The orchestras were smaller, and spartan women the scale was toned down, but they could still work. West Side Story adapted Romeo and Juliet into a modern New York City setting, and brought home significant box office returns and myriad Tonys. This cemented Stephen Sondheims reputation as a master composer for musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and ptsd essay experimentation on the part of musicals. More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and Man of La Mancha would be created, and some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the popularity of Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the 1960s.

Stephen Sondheim and Jerry Herman would significantly shape the pattern of musicals in this decade and the next, through the darker themes that he would explore in Essay, works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum . Ptsd? These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the sunny dispositions of earlier musicals to make plays about singing surprisingly dark and brooding. Into the Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of all the king's some of the plays themes. Ptsd? Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and breaking the fourth wall to the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and intriguing again. With the start of the musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into on Abolish Penalty, musicals. Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and ptsd essay also indicative of musical theatres propensity to challenge societal attitudes at the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and more).

Racial integration finally occurred in the end of the 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in Hair , and then moved onto on Abolish the Death Penalty, other shows. In the 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the theatrical realm, bringing with it an added edge that was never before seen onstage. Some of these plays, like the ptsd, Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and most of the story and résumé character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the ptsd, black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and more. As the Broadway canon expanded, more and more variation occurred, with musicals of starbucks marketing every genre coming into prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in ptsd essay, 1975, the play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and Essay the Death Penalty spectacle, busting box office records and reaching incredible critical acclaim.

This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to essay, invade musicals to a larger degree, and larger production values brought incredible spectacle to these productions, like falling chandeliers in The Phantom of the Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to on Abolish, be the norm, and ptsd essay European influences were more and more prevalent. Andrew Lloyd Webber became an incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and Evita , The Phantom of the Opera and more. A greater emphasis on adaptations has been put forth as the 1990s rolled along; corporations began to get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to the stage; Julie Taymors production of The Lion King stands out among that canon. With the greater opportunities available for smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of Broadway, and the quirkier, smaller musicals of off-Broadway. Spartan Women Warriors? Little Shop of ptsd Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for small sets of characters and developed storylines. All The King's? Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and a new niche audience was created for them. In order to ptsd, attract younger audiences, Rent was released on Broadway and the West End, a dramatic tale of starbucks marketing New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to ptsd essay, the advent of interesting, new and Essay on Abolish the Death unusual shows. Urinetown and ptsd Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same.

While Broadway continued to play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of taking an established property and making it into king's men summary, a musical. The point of essay this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from a lesson résumé established material and have a fondness for, and ptsd offer a musical component to it. Penalty? The jukebox musical, exemplified by Mamma Mia! and others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.