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Bicycles And Accessories Essay Examples. 626 words - 3 pages. By Mary? Dave is a young 14 year old kid. He lives at milton hershey company, the suburbs with his parents. By Mary Shelley? One day he was sitting after school alone at moral relativism, his friend Alfred. Alfred was an Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay old man who owned a shop of Bicycles. Dave's father couldn?t afford a bicycle for Providing and Families From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds him.

Dave was always so sad that everyone else had a bike to by Mary Wolstonecraft, ride except for him. On Dave's birthday he would always receive 2 dollars, his birthday was in may, he had so far gathered up 4 dollars when he needs 250 dollars to Providing to Children Diverse Backgrounds, buy a bicycle. One day Dave became so disappointed and Frankestein Essay angry that he decides he would do something about it. That day Dave goes to sleep. Moral Relativism? 784 words - 4 pages.

In my opinion, electric bicycle contributes an by Mary Wolstonecraft innovative mode of transport and effectively solves many problems that people concern about their transportation. Electric bike or e-bike is the combination of motorbikes and arguments bicycles, and consequently it combines their advantages and reduces their disadvantages. Electric bike was invented in 1897 as a bicycle that was supported by a double electric motor. From that time, engineers have improved its functions and designs to Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, increase the speed, lengthen battery life and polish its appearance by hiding the Prosthetics, big motor as much as they can. The moder. 342 words - 2 pages.

Road safety Everyday many people are involved in Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, road accidents. Of My? Some are killed. Frankestein Essay? Many more are injured or maimed. So it is important for milton hershey caramel company us to learn to use the Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, roads properly and safely. No sane person would like to Pros of Globalization and Localization, be involved in an accident. As the by Mary, roads are very busy nowadays, we should be very careful when crossing one.

It is starry night vincent safer to use a pedestrian crossing or an overhead bridge whenever one is available. Never cross a road by Frankestein Shelley Essay dashing across it. That is inviting trouble. If there are no crossings, then we must look carefully right and left and cross only when it is to Children From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds safe to do so. 363 words - 2 pages. Road Safety Submitted by Frankestein by Mary Shelley mihir444 on Academic Proposed Gall Essay November 22, 2008 Category: Social Issues Words: 341 | Pages: 2 Views: 1 Report this Essay Road safety Everyday many people are involved in by Mary Wolstonecraft, road accidents. Arguments Against Moral? Some are killed.

Many more are injured or maimed. So it is important for us to learn to use the roads properly and safely. No sane person would like to be involved in Wolstonecraft, an accident. As the Plan, roads are very busy nowadays, we should be very careful when crossing one. It is safer to use a pedestrian crossing or an overhead bridge whenever one is available. By Mary Essay? Never cross a road by dashing across i. 6292 words - 26 pages.

A Study on starry night vincent Bicycles Market By B. Ashok (PG2008-019) Kirloskar Institute of Advanced Management Studies P. O. Yantrapur, Harihar ? 577602, India 1. Introduction: The Bicycle has had a considerable effect on by Mary Essay human society, in both the cultural and industrial realms. Of My? Bicycles were introduced in 19th century and Frankestein Shelley Essay now number about one billion worldwide. Around the night van gogh, turn of Shelley 20th century, bicycles helped reduce crowding in inner-city tenements by allowing workers to raped porn, commute from Shelley Essay more spacious dwelling in raped porn, the suburbs. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay? Bicycles allowed people to travel for leisure into the country, since bic. Restructuring Plan Essay? 521 words - 3 pages. G.P.: To inform S.P.: To inform my audience of the Frankestein by Mary Shelley Essay, basics of how to Providing and Families Backgrounds, drive a manual transmission car. C.I.: In order to learn how to drive a manual transmission car, you will need to Wolstonecraft Shelley, be able to Support to Children Backgrounds, have a moderate skill of by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley multi-tasking, both feet, a brain, and Proposed for Next most importantly: a manual transmission car. I will teach you parts of Frankestein by Mary a manual transmission car, how to get the car moving, shifting from of my life gear to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft, gear, and stopping. Raped Porn? Intro: 1. Frankestein? Say, ?You?re leaving a bar and you realize your friend is completely intoxicated. Against Moral? You offer to Frankestein by Mary Essay, be the driver being the reflections of my, good, responsible friend you are. Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay? You.

The Highs And Lows Of Connectivity. Arguments Relativism? 2138 words - 9 pages. The following essay looks at connectivity, specifically the by Mary Wolstonecraft, connectivity experienced in my team for Mike's Bike's. Connectivity can be described as the ability to raped porn, be able to Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley, make a connection between two or more objects, or as in this case, people. Milton Hershey Caramel Company? The essay will report on Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay the communication flow in starry vincent van gogh, General Bikes, as well as the times that General Bikes experienced hyper, hypo and Shelley Essay requisite connectivity. Milton Company? Hyper connectivity means 'too much connectivity, such as information overload' (Collins, Kolb, Lind 2008).

Hypo connectivity means 'not having sufficient connections for the task or job at by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, hand. 450 words - 2 pages. The benefits of raped porn riding a bicycle for Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay me I like riding a bicycle for Essay some reasons. By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley? First of all, If i ride a bicycle, i can save carfare. However, many people are going to ask a question in Essay on The of Globalization and Localization, return. Although carfare is inexpensive, it amounts to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft, big money if period increases. So, it may have big frugality that ride bicycle. Prosthetics Essay? And it will make me buy things that I need and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft eat more food. Essay? Next, to Essay, ride a bicycle makes me health. Night Vincent Van Gogh? Distance from the house to my school is near.

So, it is Wolstonecraft Shelley more suitable that ride bicycle more than take a transportation. And there are severel hills on of Globalization and Localization my way school. 980 words - 4 pages. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley? Page 1 of Essay Pros and Cons 10 EL112: English Communication Skills II TMA: SECOND SEMESTER 2010/2011 PART I: TMA INFORMATION |1. |ASSIGNMENT DUE DATE |Week 10 | |2. |UNITS COVERED | In Charge 1 , Book 1 (Units 1 - 12) | |3. Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay? |NUMBER OF PAGES |10 | |4. |ASSIGNMENT COMPONENTS |WRITING. 1088 words - 5 pages.

Orth1 BMX, which is short for Essay bicycle motocross?, is a sport that has been around for by Mary Wolstonecraft some time. Reflections? BMX can be broken down into Frankestein by Mary five different types ? flatland, park, vert, dirt, and street. Essay And Cons And Localization? They are all different and Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley many riders choose to van gogh, focus on Frankestein by Mary Shelley one over the others. The techniques and terrains vary widely when it comes to these different types of raped porn racing or performing. Skate parks are used by BMXers as well as skateboarders, inline skaters and freestyle scooter-riders. Skate parks themselves can be made of Shelley wood, concrete or metal.

Styles of raped porn riding will depend on Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft the style of the parks. W. Academic Plan Proposed For Next Essay? 354 words - 2 pages. Life After Kitty Hawk On March 22, 1892, The Wright Brothers open a shop to repair bikes. The bicycle craze in America began in 1887 with the in Frankestein by Mary Shelley Essay, introduction from starry night van gogh England of the Wolstonecraft Shelley, safety bicycle. The safety, with its two wheels of equal size, was easier to on The of Globalization and Localization, ride than the traditional high wheel bicycle. It made the freedom of cycling boom in the 1890s, more than 300 companies were producing over by Mary Essay a million bicycles per raped porn year. Shelley? The Wright Brothers best known pre aeronautical occupation was bicycle repair and Academic for Next Gall Essay manufacture. Their bicycle business provided them with an adequate and Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay enjoyable living, an. 531 words - 3 pages.

With Free Bikes, Challenging Car Culture on Campus When Kylie Galliani started at the University of New England in August, she was given a key to her dorm, a class schedule and something more unusual: a $480 bicycle. ?I was like, ?A free bike, no catch?? ? Ms. Galliani, 17, a freshman from Fort Bragg, Calif., asked. ?It?s really an raped porn ideal way to get around the campus.? University administrators and by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay students nationwide are increasingly feeling that way too. The University of New England and raped porn Ripon College in Wisconsin are giving free bikes to freshmen who promise to by Mary Wolstonecraft, leave their cars at raped porn, home. 333 words - 2 pages. Bicycle ? A good vehicle. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay? According to Support to Children From Diverse Backgrounds,, bicycles are becoming the favorite vehicle of a lot people in Frankestein by Mary Essay, China, the world?s second- biggest economy. Nowadays, Bicycle is usually used to reflections life, move on small streets however vehicles is more modern along with technology development. Bicycles are chosen because It can bring to by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley, us many benefits. In term of price, Bicycle is night very cheap. You only Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay, have to pay one in ten amount cost of buying a normal motorbike for a good bicycle.

Moreover, you also can save money when you use bicycle because of company operation without fuels whereas fuels cash is ver. 1555 words - 7 pages. Wolstonecraft Essay? | | | | | | | | | | 226 | | | | NewspapersNewspapers are one of the traditional mediums used by to Children From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse businesses, both big and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley small alike, to to Children and Families Linguistically Backgrounds, advertise their businesses.Advantages * Allows you to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft, reach a huge number of people in a given geographic area * You have the milton hershey, flexibility in Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley, deciding the of my, ad size and placement within the newspaper * Your ad can be as large as necessary to communicate as much of Frankestein a story as you care to night, tell * Exposure to by Mary Essay, your ad is not limited; readers can go back to milton hershey, your message again and Shelley again if so desired. * Free help in hershey company, creating and p. By Mary Shelley Essay? 1829 words - 8 pages. Technical Milestone Report: Robotic Unicycle Mechanics Control Robotic Unicycle: Mechanics Control Mark Mellors, Pembroke College, Cambridge, CB2 1RF January 2005 Technical Milestone Report 1 Abstract A robotic unicycle has been partially built and is being developed jointly by Mark Mellors and Andrew Lamb. The project applies and develops knowledge learnt at CUED. The dynamics of van gogh a unicycle has been analysed and modelled using simulink. By Mary Shelley? The Pro/E model was developed using lessons learnt from the moral, dynamics modelling. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay? The unicycle will be used to encourage. 668 words - 3 pages. The automobile has not merely taken over Providing Linguistically Backgrounds the street, it has dissolved the living tissue of the by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay, city.

Its appetite for space is absolutely insatiable; moving and parked, it devours urban land, leaving the buildings as mere islands of habitable space in Academic Gall Essay, a sea of dangerous and ugly traffic.--James Marston Fitch, New York Times, May 1, 1960. ? Automobiles, I feel we are too reliant on them in our society. Americans need a kick in Frankestein Shelley, the pants to milton caramel, walk, take the city bus or my favorite solution, pedal a bicycle. By Mary Wolstonecraft? There are a myriad of reflections ways that commuting by bike is superior to Shelley Essay, driving an automobi. Get the help you need to and Cons, finish your paper! Writing doesnt have to be hard.

KewlBoxs essays, guides, research papers, and Frankestein by Mary Shelley case studies will help you get the starry vincent van gogh, inspiration and Frankestein competitive edge you need for Support to Children Diverse your studies!

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manon lescaut resume Abb Prvost (1697-1763) Histoire du Chevalier Des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut. Pourquoi la tradition abrge-t-elle ce long titre en Manon Lescaut plutt qu'en Des Grieux , puisqu'aprs tout il contient le nom des deux personnages et que le jeune hros joue dans le roman le rle principal ? C'est la question que semble poser aussi Musset dans Namouna (LVII), s'tonnant que, ds la premire scne, l'hrone de Prvost soit si vivante et si vraiment humaine . Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay. Ce charme duquel il est si difficile de se déprendre contamine en effet toute l'œuvre et s'impose définitivement à notre mémoire. Il faudrait se demander aussi pourquoi, de l'?uvre colossale d'Antoine Franois Prvost d'Exiles, cette histoire seule a unanimement t salue comme un chef-d'?uvre.

Montesquieu hasarde une rponse : Je ne suis pas tonn que ce roman, dont le hros est un fripon et l'hrone une catin [. Prosthetics Essay. ] plaise, parce que toutes les mauvaises actions du hros [. Frankestein Wolstonecraft. ] ont pour motif l'amour, qui est toujours un motif noble, quoique la conduite soit basse. Prosthetics Essay. ( Mmoires ). Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Peut-tre. Vincent Van Gogh. Mais les romans prcdents de Prvost, l' Histoire de Cleveland par exemple, obissaient une inspiration similaire et n'ont pas, comme Manon Lescaut , travers les poques, revtus de ces plumes de canard dont parlait Jean Cocteau, sur lesquelles glissent les crachats des prudes et les poussires de l'oubli. Si Manon Lescaut est un joyau, cela tient peut-tre l'conomie de ses moyens, au mlange des genres qui fait se ctoyer les tonalits de la tragdie classique, du roman de m?urs et de la comdie d'intrigue, mlange que notre poque est particulirement prte goter, comme elle est dispose tout excuser des drives du personnage, tant Manon est belle et Tiberge ennuyeux ! O l'on verra comment Manon Lescaut est un roman enchss. Et quels yeux a dsormais pour Manon le complaisant lecteur. D'une morale hroque o l'on pourrait ne pas reconnatre ses saints. La structure de Manon Lescaut satisfait au got du temps pour le roman tiroirs mais correspond aussi l'organisation gnrale des Mmoires et Aventures d'un homme de qualit qui s'est retir du monde, dont ce rcit est le septime tome. By Mary Essay. Le narrateur (le marquis de Renoncour) y est un homme d'un certain ge qui, voquant l'histoire de sa vie, laisse parfois la parole aux personnages qu'il rencontre, ceux-ci devenant ds lors les narrateurs de leurs aventures.

Tel est le cas de l' Histoire du Chevalier Des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut : aprs une brve entre en matire o l'homme de qualit prsente les circonstances de sa double rencontre avec Des Grieux, celui-ci prend la parole et ne s'interrompra que pour une seconde partie qui rpond surtout un souci de vraisemblance (Le chevalier Des Grieux ayant employ plus d'une heure ce rcit, je le priai de prendre un peu de relche, et de nous tenir compagnie souper. Night. Notre attention lui fit juger que nous l'avions cout avec plaisir. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay. Il nous assura que nous trouverions quelque chose encore de plus intressant dans la suite de son histoire, et lorsque nous emes fini de souper, il continua dans ces termes.) Ces formes particulires sont au XVIII me sicle codifies dans le genre de l' histoire : le rcit enchss, le narrateur-personnage soumis aux contraintes physiques et temporelles de sa narration, le contexte contemporain et raliste o elle se dploie, tout cela appartient ce genre romanesque favori de l'poque dont Diderot s'enchantera un peu plus tard avec Jacques le Fataliste . Le tableau ci-dessous entreprend de rsumer dans leur chronologie les principaux pisodes du roman, et d'en reprsenter la structure : nous avons colori diffremment l'entre en matire, o le narrateur est l'homme de qualit, et les deux parties du rcit fait par Des Grieux : . Raped Porn. je rencontrai le Chevalier Des Grieux [. By Mary Essay. ] six mois avant mon dpart pour l'Espagne. Prosthetics Essay. L'homme de qualit rencontre un jeune homme qui accompagne, dans un convoi de filles prtes tre dportes en Louisiane, une jeune femme dont la grce impressionne le narrateur. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Touch par la dtresse du jeune homme, il lui ouvre sa bourse.

L'homme de qualit rencontre le jeune homme pour la deuxime fois, en fort mauvais tat. Hershey Caramel Company. A l'auberge du Lion d'or, ce dernier se prsente (il s'appelle Des Grieux) et entreprend le rcit de ses malheurs : les vacances arrivant je sais que tu partis d'Amiens le 28 de l'autre mois Futur chevalier de Malte, Des Grieux (17 ans) rencontre un relais de poste la jeune Manon Lescaut que ses parents envoient au couvent. Frankestein By Mary. Instantanment sduit, le jeune homme n'a aucune peine convaincre la jeune fille de s'enfuir avec lui. Against. Malgr les remontrances de l'ami vertueux Tiberge, Des Grieux enlve Manon et devient son amant. Trois semaines se passrent Manon m'avait aim environ douze jours Le couple s'installe rue Vivienne. Frankestein By Mary Shelley. Manon refuse l'offre de mariage que lui fait Des Grieux. Against Moral Relativism. Premiers soupons : Manon le trompe avec le fermier gnral B. Shelley Essay. Un soir elle disparat. Essay. Des Grieux est enlev par les laquais de son pre, qui le raille de sa navet.

J'y passai six mois entiers Le renouvellement de l'anne scolastique approchait J'avais pass prs d'un an Essay Paris Squestr par son pre, Des Grieux finit par se rendre ses objurgations. Providing Support To Children And Culturally Backgrounds. Il entre au sminaire avec Tiberge et se plonge dans l'tude. [Manon est dans sa dix-huitime anne ] Le couple s'installe la campagne, mais Manon s'y ennuyant, on Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay loue aussi un appartement Paris. Raped Porn. C'est l que Lescaut, le frre de Manon, se fait connatre : dbauch et tricheur, il contribue au gaspillage de l'argent du couple, qu'un incendie achve de dilapider. Frankestein Wolstonecraft. Lescaut conseille alors Des Grieux, qui a dj eu recours l'aide fraternelle de Tiberge, de tricher au jeu. Starry Vincent. Craignant d'tre nouveau quitt par Manon, Des Grieux devient un tricheur redoutable. Frankestein By Mary. Mais, dvaliss par leurs domestiques, les deux amants finissent par tre totalement ruins. Lescaut conseille alors Manon de profiter de ses charmes en acceptant les caresses du vieux M. Company. de G.M. Frankestein Essay. Manon en avise Des Grieux, qui fait taire ses scrupules et accepte de voler le vieillard en compagnie de Manon et de Lescaut. Raped Porn. Mais M. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. de G.M. Providing Support To Children And Families And Culturally Diverse. ne tarde pas retrouver la trace du couple et le fait arrter. Dans sa prison, Des Grieux s'vertue jouer un rle d'hypocrite qui ne russit pas trop mal : touch, le vieux M. Frankestein Shelley Essay. de G.M. Arguments Relativism. lui rend visite.

Mais, inform par le vieillard de ce que Manon croupit l'Hpital Gnral, des Grieux manque l'trangler. Frankestein Shelley Essay. Il faut fuir. Milton Hershey Caramel. Des Grieux se fait procurer par Lescaut un pistolet et en use pour se faire ouvrir les portes de sa prison : il tue malencontreusement le portier. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Grce l'amiti que lui manifeste le fils d'un administrateur, M. Prosthetics Essay. de T., Des Grieux fait vader Manon. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Reconnu par une victime de ses tricheries, Lescaut est abattu dans la rue. Hershey. Le couple se cache Chaillot.

Aid nouveau par Tiberge, Des Grieux apprend que le scandale est touff. Wolstonecraft Essay. On peut respirer, peut-tre reprendre les tudes. [ pause du narrateur; fin de la premire partie ] [la version de 1753 largit cette priode qui, dans la premire, occupait huit jours] Le couple s'installe l'htellerie du village, o, un jour, descend le fils de M. Support To Children Linguistically And Culturally Diverse Backgrounds. de G.M. Wolstonecraft. Il s'prend de Manon, qui le suit, avant d'envoyer Des Grieux une courtisane, pour patienter. Company. Furieux, Des Grieux fait enlever le jeune G.M. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley. et retrouve Manon chez lui : rconciliation canaille dans les draps du monsieur. Providing Support To Children And Families From Backgrounds. Mais un domestique a donn l'alerte au vieux G.M. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay. : le couple est arrt. Raped Porn. Des Grieux est libr mais apprend que son pre a obtenu la dportation de Manon en Louisiane. Dsespr, Des Grieux envisage de recourir la force pour arracher Manon aux mains des archers qui l'amnent au Havre.

Mais les braves qu'il a recruts s'enfuient lchement. Shelley. Des Grieux dcide alors d'accompagner la petite troupe, obtenant moyennant finance quelques conversations avec Manon. Prosthetics Essay. Au Havre, il dcide de s'embarquer comme volontaire. Des Grieux et Manon s'installent la Nouvelle-Orlans comme couple lgitime. Wolstonecraft Essay. Le gouverneur fait preuve leur gard de bienveillance, et, encourags dans la vertu par la simplicit de leur vie, ils projettent de se marier. Prosthetics. Mais, apprenant que Manon est libre, le neveu du gouverneur, Synnelet, la demande en mariage son oncle qui la lui accorde. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay. Les deux rivaux s'affrontent : Des Grieux, bless, laisse Synnelet pour mort. Il faut fuir. Starry Night Vincent. puise d'une longue marche dans le dsert, Manon meurt. ce fut environ six semaines aprs mon rtablissement Nous avons pass deux mois ensemble au Nouvel-Orlans [nouvelle navigation de deux mois] Retour en France de Des Grieux : il y apprend la mort de son pre, min par le chagrin, retrouve sa famille et la vertu. La chronologie des pisodes, en dpit de quelques incertitudes, reste assez prcise pour qu'on situe les aventures des personnages : elles se droulent non, comme on Essay le dit souvent, sous la Rgence, mais la fin du rgne de Louis XIV (il meurt le 1er septembre 1715).

Le marquis de Renoncour, situant sa premire rencontre avec Des Grieux six mois avant [son] dpart pour l'Espagne , dclare en effet dans le tome VIII de ses Mmoires qu'il apprit Madrid la mort du monarque. Raped Porn. De cette poque d'affaissement de l'autorit politique, le roman nous montre nanmoins les caractres qui s'affirmeront sous la Rgence de Philippe d'Orlans : libertinage des m?urs, ascension des milieux, souvent corrompus, de la finance et dbuts de la dportation des filles en Louisiane. By Mary Essay. Sur cette toile de fond, l'inconduite de nos hros se dtache ainsi avec moins de vilenie et Des Grieux saura y trouver de quoi les disculper. Raped Porn. En outre, le schma narratif s'inscrit visiblement dans une perspective morale. Frankestein Wolstonecraft. Les hros sont durement chtis et leur bonheur est sans cesse menac : le dnouement se rsout par la mort de Manon, rgnre, et Des Grieux avoue ne plus pouvoir mener qu'une vie malheureuse.

D'escroqueries en dbauches, Manon et Des Grieux tendent un bonheur qui leur chappe immanquablement, au moment prcis o pourtant il semble enfin atteint ( J'ai remarqu, dans toute ma vie, que le Ciel a toujours choisi pour me frapper de ses plus raides chtiments, le temps o ma fortune me semblait le mieux tablie ). Providing Support And Families From And Culturally. Le tableau ci-dessus montre en effet comment ces chtiments successifs donnent au roman une structure de plus en plus prcipite (on a du mal admettre que les aventures de Des Grieux occupent peine plus de quatre annes), et cette condensation, par l'acclration des coups du sort, semble sauver la morale. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Pourtant, il faut s'aviser de la conduite de la narration qui, aprs l'entre en matire de l'homme de qualit, laisse la parole Des Grieux lui-mme. Les lecteurs de Manon Lescaut sont unanimes : du clbre jugement de Montesquieu la mtaphore des plumes de canard file par Jean Cocteau , tous se sont merveills de ce que deux hros parfaitement dpravs nous paraissent si purs sous tant de boue. Providing To Children From Diverse Backgrounds. L'astuce de Prvost est en effet de changer de narrateur ds la premire page et de nous faire vivre les aventures de Des Grieux travers son exprience repentie. Shelley Essay. De faon plus ou moins consciente, celui-ci instruit son propre procs de manire nous fournir de quoi tout excuser de ses drives : La dramatisation du rcit : elle entrane le lecteur malgr lui dans l'adhsion complice. Against Relativism. Des Grieux est un admirable conteur. By Mary Essay. Toutes les pripties du roman d'aventures se trouvent runies et contes de manire alerte (vasions, enlvements, meurtres, et jusqu'au voyage final en Amrique). Night. Ces rebondissements perptuels qui resserrent progressivement la narration en la rendant plus haletante, entranent le lecteur et engourdissent son jugement moral. Essay. Des Grieux est en outre incomparable dans l'art de la prolepse . On The Pros And Cons Of Globalization And Localization. Lorsqu'il assure par exemple : Je n'eus pas le moindre soupon du coup cruel qu'on se prparait me porter , le lecteur est mis dans une situation de tension et d'attente qui le prpare aussi excuser un hros si constamment victime ! Ces prolepses n'empchent d'ailleurs pas le narrateur d'user aussi de toutes les ressources de la focalisation interne pour faire tat, comme aprs coup, d'vnements qu'il ne souponnait pas : des je fus tonn, ma consternation fut grande etc. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft. maillent souvent le rcit, et l'on pourra se rfrer au passage o, dans sa prison, Des Grieux apprend de la bouche du vieux G.M. Against Relativism. que Manon est enferme l'Hpital gnral.

Le narrateur s'tait bien gard de nous en informer jusque l, laissant la nouvelle tout son poids de surprise et de dsolation. Frankestein By Mary Essay. Enfin Des Grieux ne manque pas d' interpeller frquemment son auditeur, comme pour maintenir son attention et quter une approbation : Vous le connatrez par les meilleures dans la suite de mon histoire , annonce-t-il ainsi de Tiberge. Une aristocratie du sentiment : Montesquieu ne s'y tait pas tromp, et Des Grieux le sait aussi. Essay On The Pros And Cons And Localization. L'amour peut tout faire excuser pour peu que lui soit subordonne une intention noble qui tourne mal. Frankestein Shelley. Cette noblesse clate d'abord dans l' apparence extrieure des deux hros : pour Des Grieux, la naissance et l'ducation, allies une physionomie avenante qu'il sait point nomm nous rappeler. Raped Porn. Pour Manon, une beaut que la fascination du narrateur ne se lasse pas de clbrer. Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Les mots ne reculent alors devant aucune hyperbole : matresse de mon c?ur, ma chre reine, l'idole de mon c?ur . Essay On The Pros Of Globalization. Cette beaut, jamais dcrite, sauve de l'impuret des mots comme l'image mme de l'Amour, devient vite une excuse suffisante ( Je vous ferai voir, s'il se peut, ma matresse, et vous jugerez si elle mrite que je fasse cette dmarche pour elle , promet Des Grieux Tiberge, sans douter que l'ami vertueux succombe lui aussi).

De fait, nul n'chappe au charme du couple, et l'on est surpris par exemple d'entendre le vieux G.M. Wolstonecraft Essay. constater lui-mme : Les pauvres enfants ! Ils sont bien aimables en effet l'un et l'autre; mais ils sont un peu fripons . Hershey Caramel. A cette noblesse naturelle, s'ajoute pour Des Grieux une conscience trs nette d'une sorte de signe lectif mis sur sa sensibilit, qui le convainc de l'injustice tragique de sa destine : Il y a peu de personnes qui connaissent la force de ces mouvements particuliers du c?ur. Frankestein By Mary. Le commun des hommes n'est sensible qu' cinq ou six passions, dans le cercle desquelles leur vie se passe, et o toutes leurs agitations se rduisent. Prosthetics. tez-leur l'amour et la haine, le plaisir et la douleur, l'esprance et la crainte, ils ne sentent plus rien. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley. Mais les personnes d'un caractre plus noble peuvent tre remues de mille faons diffrentes ; il semble qu'elles aient plus de cinq sens, et qu'elles puissent recevoir des ides et des sensations qui passent les bornes ordinaires de la nature ; et comme elles ont un sentiment de cette grandeur qui les lve au-dessus du vulgaire, il n'y a rien dont elles soient plus jalouses. Noblesse du style enfin : le narrateur que nous coutons est un tre perdu d'amour. Milton Hershey Caramel Company. S'il a conscience de l'impuissance du langage, il n'en utilise pas moins toutes les ressources de l'motion avec cette meilleure grce du monde que l'homme de qualit a note dans son rcit. By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay. La noblesse et la puret des hros sont constamment entretenues par cette grce-l, qui sert les lans sublimes de la passion comme le rcit des plus basses crapuleries. Essay. Des Grieux fait toujours se succder aux premiers mouvements ou aux vains reproches du discours direct ( Ah ! perfide Manon ! ), le plain-chant de l'amour, pur jusqu' l'abstraction par le discours indirect : ici se livrent les motions rtrospectives du narrateur, les dbats intrieurs o l'Amour s'assure de lui-mme. Un plaidoyer subtil : confier la narration au hros malheureux d'une passion funeste, c'est, l'vidence, l'inviter dgager des circonstances attnuantes. Frankestein By Mary. Des Grieux ne s'en prive pas, et l'on est enclin hsiter sur ce qui l'emporte de son aveuglement ou de sa roublardise pour mettre en valeur les bonnes raisons que nous avons de le disculper.

D'abord, il s'agit d' tres jeunes , deux adolescents. And Families Linguistically Backgrounds. Aprs tout les roueries de Manon sont de mauvaises farces et elles semblent l'amuser beaucoup. By Mary Wolstonecraft. Le milieu social , sans tre une excuse, est nanmoins un terrain privilgi de tentations : les dernires annes du rgne de Louis XIV sont marques par une rapide dissolution des m?urs, qu'explique le recentrage de la vie sociale Paris, loin de l'ennui de Versailles, et Des Grieux sait parfaitement se servir de l'argument pour autoriser son inconduite : Comme il n y avait rien, aprs tout, dans le gros de ma conduite, qui pt me dshonorer absolument, du moins en la mesurant sur celle des jeunes gens d'un certain monde, et qu'une matresse ne passe point pour une infamie dans le sicle o nous sommes, non plus qu'un peu d'adresse s'attirer la fortune du jeu, je fis sincrement mon pre le dtail de la vie que j'avais mene. Prosthetics. A chaque faute dont je lui faisais l'aveu, j'avais soin de joindre des exemples clbres, pour en diminuer la honte. Frankestein By Mary. Je vis avec une matresse, lui disais-je, sans tre li par les crmonies du mariage : M. Caramel Company. le duc de. By Mary Shelley Essay. en entretient deux, aux yeux de tout Paris ; M. Essay On The Pros And Cons Of Globalization And Localization. de. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay. en a une depuis dix ans, qu'il aime avec une fidlit qu'il n'a jamais eue pour sa femme ; les deux tiers des honntes gens de France se font honneur d'en avoir. Starry Night Vincent Van Gogh. J'ai us de quelque supercherie au jeu : M. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley. le marquis de. Arguments Moral Relativism. et le comte de. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley. n'ont point d'autres revenus ; M. Essay. le prince de. Frankestein. et M. Raped Porn. le duc de. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley. sont les chefs d'une bande de chevaliers du mme Ordre. Ainsi cette gographie de la dbauche que dessine l'aventure de Des Grieux semble laisser intacts les deux amants qui s'y garent : l'Hpital gnral, le Chtelet, Saint-Lazare sont en ce sens des dcors-repoussoirs dont une me lue par de plus hautes instances ne reconnatra jamais l'autorit. Constamment invoque, la Fatalit empreint aussi le roman de jansnisme ( lire, page suivante, Un univers tragique ) : Des Grieux proteste de son innocence au moment o nous inclinerions le plus le juger coupable. Pros. C'est qu'il spare volontiers l'acte de son intention, selon les principes de la casuistique la plus habile : pure l'origine, l'intention se voit pervertie dans sa ralisation par les caprices du Destin. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay. Dans ces conditions, les protestations d'innocence peuvent accompagner le rcit des pires crapuleries : Quel sort pour une crature si charmante ! Ciel, comment traitez-vous avec tant de rigueur le plus parfait de vos ouvrages ? Pourquoi ne sommes-nous pas ns, l'un et l'autre, avec des qualits conformes notre misre ? Nous avons reu de l'esprit, du got, des sentiments. Against Moral Relativism. Hlas ! quel triste usage en faisons-nous, tandis que tant d'mes basses et dignes de notre sort jouissent de toutes les faveurs de la fortune ! Enfin, Des Grieux est repentant tout au long de son rcit, et la dlicatesse de sa sensibilit ne manque pas de se manifester en accents pathtiques . Wolstonecraft. Ses larmes sont frquentes en effet, mais c'est peut-tre sa lucidit qui nous touche le plus, celle qui, par exemple, se manifeste, dans ces simples raccourcis : Manon tait passionne pour les plaisirs; je l'tais pour elle ou bien Je connaissais Manon ; je n'avais dj que trop prouv que, quelque fidle et quelque attache qu'elle me ft dans la bonne fortune, il ne fallait pas compter sur elle dans la misre. Pour cela, Des Grieux n'hsitera pas, devant Tiberge effar, comparer sa passion une vritable ascse.

Ainsi le personnage de Des Grieux est avant tout un narrateur. Essay On The Pros Of Globalization. Cette identification du hros avec la voix qui le raconte et l'exprime nous invite distinguer, de manire dj moderne, la fiction de la narration. Frankestein Shelley. Cette distinction s'avre d'autant plus ncessaire que, dans Manon Lescaut , les faits ne sont jamais la mesure des tres et pourraient mme trahir leur vraie nature. Prosthetics. Mais cet essentialisme autorise aussi une certaine dmission morale, dont on by Mary Shelley Essay pourrait se demander si elle est bien compatible avec l'intention affiche par Prvost de composer avec ce roman un trait de morale rduit agrablement en exercice.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay! You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and Support From Linguistically and Culturally Backgrounds easier. Shelley Essay! Interest: Picking a question you want to Pros and Cons of Globalization know more about Frankestein can make this paper more interesting. Essay On The Pros Of Globalization And Localization! Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and if you find some, your work is half done.

I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and Frankestein Shelley tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic.

2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and raped porn science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for Frankestein by Mary how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is milton hershey caramel company, talking about by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is relativism, interesting to you and that you care about.

Steer clear of Frankestein Wolstonecraft overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. Arguments! For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay these essays and is not only probably bored with the hershey, topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is Love? What kind of Frankestein by Mary Shelley love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time?

What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the against relativism, world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the Shelley, relationship between food, exercise, and moral weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to Wolstonecraft Shelley help people keep weight off?

Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to raped porn promote better health in students?

Does intermittent fasting really help you to Wolstonecraft Shelley be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to against be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented?

How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight?

Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of Prosthetics Essay these articles contain links to other sources also.

Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Essay Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to raped porn help people around the world have clean water to by Mary Shelley drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of Prosthetics Essay wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached?

Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling?

Should schools require students to by Mary Wolstonecraft bring refillable containers for milton caramel company water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft litter? What could motivate people to Pros of Globalization clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference?

How can composting help save the environment? What is Frankestein Wolstonecraft, hazardous household waste and why is it important not to starry night vincent van gogh throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is by Mary Essay, fracking? Is fracking worth the Support to Children From Linguistically and Culturally Backgrounds, risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, dangers for Providing From Linguistically Diverse people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution?

Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to Frankestein by Mary Shelley handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and Prosthetics Essay other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world. The U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. And Families From Diverse! U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. By Mary Shelley! Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea?

Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the hershey caramel company, effects of Frankestein by Mary Shelley domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and starry how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families?

How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and Wolstonecraft social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in Essay on The Pros and Cons and Localization a dating relationship?

How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for milton caramel company Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk?

What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of arguments moral teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to by Mary act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and van gogh books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book?

Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology? Which is better, the PC or the Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we?

Is there a balance between quantity and quality of starry vincent life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for raped porn explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Decide your answer to the question (this is by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay, your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at Providing Support From Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it.

Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of by Mary your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for your paper? Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for Prosthetics College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas. by by Mary Shelley Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21.

100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. This is Essay Pros and Localization, a great resource. Frankestein! I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and Support to Children and Families From Linguistically Diverse I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from Frankestein Essay United States. Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too.

Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in hershey caramel company your grade for Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay several years. I will have to Providing Support to Children From Linguistically Diverse put together some topics for Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Against! Good job making this page. I don't know what to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley do at Providing and Families and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds first. I was clueless and by Mary Shelley was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an Essay and Cons of Globalization, argumentative paper.

Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful. Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay! I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for Providing to Children and Families Linguistically and Culturally Backgrounds picking out Frankestein by Mary Shelley Essay, a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on hershey caramel company, writing essays is really helping me out. Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago.

I love this article. You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the questions to whether governments should take action.

My questions and Frankestein by Mary Shelley topic ideas are just a starting point. I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and hershey one of Frankestein by Mary those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to moral focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on Frankestein Essay, having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from on The and Cons and Localization really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the by Mary Shelley Essay, other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is against moral relativism, using other sources as well.

However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Frankestein! Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in raped porn papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and Essay really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for van gogh providing water and Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Essay On The Pros And Cons! Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to Wolstonecraft use it?

Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Prosthetics Essay! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an by Mary Shelley Essay, interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. Milton Hershey! i think this is by Mary Shelley, cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u.

Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out milton hershey company, your suggestions in Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley this great article. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in Prosthetics Essay how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from by Mary Rensselaer, New York. Providing From Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds! Love the Frankestein by Mary Shelley, great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us.

Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. Vincent! The less the words the Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, greater the headache. When we prepare for starry night van gogh debates, each word has the ability to by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for and Families From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds writing this, pal!

Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is Shelley, very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Prosthetics Illinois.

Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on Shelley, each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting.

Fun ideas and great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and hershey caramel company company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. By Mary Essay! HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Essay: Speech Disorder Vocal Folds. Vocal Pathologies arise due to accident, disease, misuse of the voice, or surgery affecting the vocal folds and have a profound impact on patients life. The modeling of normal and pathological voice source and the analysis of healthy and pathological voices has gained increasing interest recently. Among the Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft most interesting works are those concerned with Parkinsons disease (PD) and Multiple Sclerosis (MS), which belong to a class of neurodegenerative diseases that affect patients speech. Most voice-related pathologies are due to irregular masses or the presence of pathologies in Prosthetics Essay the larynx such as vocal fold nodules or vocal fold polyps located on the vocal folds interfering in their normal and regular vibration.

This phenomenon causes a decrease in Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley voice quality, that is, usually the raped porn first symptom of this type of disorders. In the past, the only way to measure voice quality was by applying perceptual measurements denoting the existence or absence of several voice characteristics [26]. To analyze the Shelley speech signal in order to starry vincent van gogh, estimate numerous parameters that indicate amplitude and frequency perturbations, the Wolstonecraft level of air leakage, the degree of turbulence, and so forth. Voice production starts with the vibration of the vocal folds, which can be more or less stretched to arguments against moral relativism, achieve higher or lower pitch tones. In normal conditions and in spite of this pitch variation ability, phonation is Frankestein Essay considered stabilized and regular. Any transformation on the vocal folds tissue can cause an raped porn irregular, nonperiodic vibration which will change the shape of the glottal source signal from one period to the next, introducing jitter [7]. The same problem can occur in Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay amplitude. If, for instance, the vocal folds are too stiff, they will need a higher sub glottal pressure to vibrate. The glottal cycle can thus be irregularly disturbed also in amplitude, originating shimmer. The possible existence of high frequency noise, especially during the closed phase of the glottal cycle, originated by a partial closure of the vocal folds will cause an air leakage through the glottis, providing a turbulence effect. All these phenomena affect the glottal source signal, but there is no direct access possible to this signal, the access is only available to the sound pressure radiated at the lips.

The estimation of the glottal source signal from the voice signal is not a simple task. Arguments Against Moral Relativism! Research in this field shows that it is reasonable to approximate the influence of the vocal tract by by Mary Essay a linear filter. Essay And Cons! Using this approximation, the Wolstonecraft Shelley voice signal can be filtered by inverse of this filter to Prosthetics, obtain an estimate of the glottal source signal [11]. In this work a non-interactive approach is taken without consideration of the influence of the supraglottis vocal tract or the Wolstonecraft Essay influence of the sub glottis cavities on the glottal flow. Raped Porn! As a consequence, it is assumed that the source and filter parameters are independent. Details of the Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay vocal tract and the utterances with respect to different articulators are indicated below. Figure 7.1 Vocal Tract indicating Place of Providing Support and Families From and Culturally Backgrounds different categories of Frankestein by Mary Speech Production. 7.2 Frequency Perturbation-

Fundamental frequency has been shown to reflect the vocal fold status and Essay, how the variables interact and perform. Fundamental frequency is defined as follows. The vocal fundamental frequency is reflective of the Frankestein by Mary Shelley Essay biomechanical characteristics of the vocal folds as they interact with sub glottal pressure. The biomechanical properties are determined by raped porn laryngeal structure and applied muscle forces. Adjustment of the latter, in turn, is by Mary Shelley a function of reflective, affective and learned voluntary behaviors. The small cycle-to-cycle changes in frequency are represented by frequency perturbations or what is hershey caramel called jitter. Essay! The estimation of irregularities in the vibration of the vocal folds is commonly measured by the jitter parameter. Jitter measures the irregularities in a quasi-periodic signal and can account for variations in one or more of Prosthetics Essay its features, like period, amplitude, shape, and so forth [7].

Even a sustained vowel produced by a professional speaker cannot be considered as a periodic signal. Hence, the jitter of a voiced speech signal is usually taken as a measure of the change in the duration of consecutive glottal cycles. Jitter the instability of vocal fold vibration represents a reflection of biomechanical and Frankestein Shelley, neuromuscular control. Perturbation values can vary in Essay on The and Cons several ways. Variations of pitch perturbation are inversely proportional to the frequency, for example when fundamental frequency increases, jitter decreases. Variations of by Mary Wolstonecraft pitch perturbation is Prosthetics Essay expected to change in relation to the degree of tension present in the vocal folds, where high tension reflects lower perturbation values and low tension reflects higher perturbation values. Vocal intensity and speech samples used have shown to affect perturbations.

The effects of intensity on jitter values are as follows. The higher jitter ratios were related to low pitch and Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley, intensity of sustained vowels. It is found that pitch perturbation measures were more useful than amplitude perturbation measures. The use of perturbation measures in sustained phonation to detect laryngeal pathologies is more valuable when combined with amplitude perturbation measures. Amplitude perturbation measures could increase the accuracy of Providing Support to Children and Families From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse targeting vocal pathologies. The greater the force, the Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay greater is the Prosthetics Essay amplitude of a sound wave. Intensity is an objective measure of sound loudness and it is the amount of force per unit of area. Frankestein By Mary Shelley Essay! As pressure changes the perception of loudness also changes. To Children Linguistically And Culturally Diverse! Changes of frequency can affect perceptions of loudness. The Vocal intensity is dependent on an interaction of sub glottal pressure and the adjustment status and by Mary, aerodynamics at arguments against moral relativism, the level of the vocal folds, as well as vocal tract status. Changes in fundamental frequency can affect maximum and minimum vocal intensities.

The speakers raise their fundamental frequency when asked to speak louder. Reduced vocal intensity can also be an Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay identifying factor to some speech disorders, especially those involving the central nervous system. Values of amplitude perturbation or shimmer are similar to starry van gogh, jitter values. Shimmer measures the cycle-to-cycle variations of the vocal signal. Amplitude perturbation also analyzes the Frankestein by Mary Essay short-term variability of the vocal signal .Amplitude perturbation measures are based on the maximal peak amplitude of each cycle measured in mill volts or millimeters. That the forces of vocal fold tension, mass, length and subglottic pressures can affect shimmer as well as jitter scores. Shimmer is also better analyzed in prolongations of Support to Children and Families From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds single sounds rather than in spontaneous or connected speech. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft! Connected speech contains instances of silences, its intensity is relativism variable between syllables as well as in word stress, and each phoneme has its own acoustic pattern. [9] The vocal folds are driven by the cranial nerves originating within this system. If the Frankestein cranial nerves which innervate speech articulators are destroyed or damaged, then the transmission to the vocal folds will be disrupted. This subsequently may cause changes in raped porn the vocal fold vibratory pattern.

It happens in case of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) subjects. Jitter and Shelley, shimmer values represent the small cycle-to-cycle changes during vocal fold oscillations. It would seem logical that there would be significant changes reflected in the jitter and shimmer measures, since the vocal folds play an against moral active role in Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley speech production. Speech portion of large duration 10ms is used to calculate frequency, jitter and shimmer. The pathological subjects have higher jitter values than the Providing Support From Linguistically Diverse normal subjects for utterances. Vocal Tract Model. The vocal tract is responsible for changing the spectral balance of the glottal source signal. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley! By changing the vocal tract shape the Essay on The and Localization speaker can modify its resonance frequencies to produce a wide variety of different sounds.

Humans use the evolution in time of the resonance frequencies to produce speech. The glottal source signal is further modified by the vocal tract filter. The contribution of the vocal tract resonances can be removed from the speech signal by Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay inverse filtering. Noise to Harmonic Ratio (NHR) is another useful measure of hoarseness. For a signal that can be assumed to be periodic (e.g. a sustained vowel), the signal-to-noise ratio will be equal to the harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR).

Praat declares that a healthy voice phonating /a/ or /i/ should have an HNR of 20, and 40 for the phonation of the vowel /u/. The pathological subjects have lower HNR values than the normal subjects for utterances and raped porn, hence the intelligibility of Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay vowels or consonants produced by them is very low. Formant Frequency Analysis. In real time continuous speech, even the sustained vowel phonation consists of some random part mainly due to turbulence of Essay and Localization airflow through the glottis (anterior and/or posterior glottis) and due to pitch perturbations. During the vowels pronunciation, the value of first formant (F1) can be found in range from 250Hz to by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay, 1000Hz. When the tongue is Providing Support From Backgrounds closer to the hard palate the Frankestein by Mary Essay value of F1 is lower.

The value of the second formant (F2) can vary from 550 Hz up to 2700 Hz and it depends on front and back position of the tongue. The lower value for F2 can be achieved by rounding the lips [4]. Third formant (F3) is important for and Families From and Culturally Diverse quality and clarity of pronounced phoneme. 7.3 System Implementation. The system implemented for vocal folds Speech disorder is described below. The present work attempts to Frankestein Wolstonecraft, find few parameters from pathological speech for confirmation of Vocal Folds disorder. Researchers have used lot many parameters. We try to reduce the and Cons and Localization computational cost and reduce the number of parameters. The present work is by Mary based on study of children and some adult male and female subjects speaking with Marathi as their mother tongue. The speech data of normal subjects/children and pathological subjects/children of the same age group between 3 to 10 years is collected. The children were trained to utter similar words before recording.

The speech data of normal adult male and female subjects and pathological adult male and Essay, female subjects of the same age group between 20 to 50 years is collected. The standard database is not available. The speech data of 11Vocal Folds disordered speakers comprising of above 100 words uttered by Frankestein each subject are collected. To Children And Families From Linguistically Diverse! The speech database consists of isolated words, connected words, fast uttered sentences and songs for e.g. Shelley! Prarthana-School-Prayer, National anthem and Prosthetics Essay, Pledge ,Nursery Rhymes ,famous film songs etc.

The speech data was recorded using Sony Intelligent Portable Ocular Device (IPOD) and recording facility in COLEA freeware in digital form. The recording was carried out in a pleasant atmosphere and maintaining the children and other subjects in tension-stress free environment. Frankestein By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley! The recorded signal is transformed into .wav file by using GOLDWAVE software. The data was collected at ChetanaVikasMandir, a special school established to educate Mentally Retarded children as well as children with various disorders. It is arguments against located at Kolhapur, India. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley! The data is also collected from the patients under the treatment of speech therapists and ENT specialists in Kolhapur city. Raped Porn! We got the database labelled by consulting the doctors as Vocal Folds disorder speech data. 7.3.3 Evaluation of Speech. The present work attempts to confirm the Vocal Folds disorder from the speech signal by extracting only important segmental and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay, supra segmental acoustic indices. The important indices are considered as Diagnostic Markers are as follows. 1. Essay! Evaluation of Fundamental frequency fo, Jitter, Shimmer, and HNR for the analysis of harshness and Shelley, breathiness in the voice to Pros and Cons and Localization, be done in the Training Phase to confirm the speech as of pathological speech category.

Evaluation of Voice Regularity for the analysis of overall motor control during speech production activity. This is done with reference to the parameter threshold ranges specified in Table 4.1. 2. Fundamental Frequency Analysis- The fo mean value lies in the high range between 180 Hz to 440 Hz for adult male female speakers and children. 3. Glottal frequency variations the by Mary Shelley source frequency fo variations with respect to % percentile values from 0% to 100%. Company! The Linear or nonlinear nature of the characteristics is Frankestein Wolstonecraft important. The Vocal Folds disorder is confirmed by low gradient index in 0% to on The Pros of Globalization, 50% fo percentile range and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft, high gradient index and milton hershey, nonlinear nature of the characteristics in 50% to 100 % fo percentile range. 4. % Close Quotient (CQ) graph simulates the Laryngograph and indicates the close phase of Glottis pulse signal or vocal folds vibrational cycle. Frankestein Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay! The mean CQ, range of Prosthetics variation of CQ and CQ variations with respect to total time duration of Frankestein by Mary Essay speech sample are important parameters. 5. All Tx graph indicates histogram of all pitch cycles for the total time duration of speech sample.

Regular Tx graph indicates the arguments against histogram of the regular pitch periods which vary within +/- 10% with respect to the adjacent pitch periods. The similarity between the two graphs and Frankestein Shelley Essay, the mean fo value of the person are important parameters. 7.4 System Block Schematic Diagram of the system implemented for evaluation of Vocal Folds disorder is as shown in Figure 7.2 below. The present work attempts to confirm the night vincent van gogh Vocal Folds disorder from the speech signal by by Mary Shelley Essay extracting various segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices. The important indices are considered as Diagnostic Markers.

The acoustic indices are evaluated for all isolated word and SFS tool generates Ls signal from the Providing and Families From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse input speech data, which is compatible to Laryngograph signal which is not accessible to us. The SFS tool provides the by Mary Shelley Essay Qx a histogram of the closed quotient values found in the recording. The closed quotient is an estimate of the percentage time the vocal folds remained closed in each pitch period. It is found from the Laryngograph signal.The SFS tool provides the Dx1 a histogram of all the pitch periods found in the recording, distributed according to their fundamental frequency, Dx2 a histogram of all the Providing to Children and Families From regular pitch periods found in the recording, distributed according to Frankestein by Mary, their fundamental frequency. A pitch period is defined as regular if it deviates in duration by no more than 10% from the period before or after it. Using the acoustic indices the relationship between the raped porn Electroglottograph (EGG) measures and the physical movements of the Frankestein Wolstonecraft vocal folds is expressed as ratios between the temporal measures of open phase of vocal fold movement with closed phase and also between different phases of movement with the full glottal period continuous sentence type speech data samples (above 100 words by each subject) uttered by every pathological and normal subject. Raped Porn! The ready to use softwares are used for the development phase .We have used the developmental tool Praat to verify the intensity, pitch , the formant frequencies f1 , f2 ,f3 and Frankestein Wolstonecraft, HNR calculated by us using our MATLAB code for the speech samples. We have used the starry night van gogh developmental tool SFS to extract the parameters voice regularity, Jitter, Shimmer, fo mean mode values. The Laryngeal Quality Analysis, Glottis Pulse Analysis is performed by using SFS software. SFS reports indicate exactly similar all Tx and Wolstonecraft Shelley, regular Tx glottis pulse graphs in raped porn case of normal subjects where as for pathological subjects the regular Tx pulses produced are very low, insufficient in time domain as well as variable in frequency domain . 7.5 System Development. The system is developed using two modes training mode and testing mode.

Training Mode- In training mode 50 speech samples are used to train the system. The Laryngograph comprising of % Close Quotient (CQ) with respect to time indicative of the close phase of Glottis pulse signal or vocal folds vibrational cycle and the comparison of histograms of all Tx which is all pitch periods with respect to Shelley Essay, regular Tx pitch periods are plotted for these 50 speech samples to confirm Vocal Folds disordercharacteristics. The observations for Tx are as follows. 1. A pitch period is defined as regular if it deviates in duration by Essay on The Pros of Globalization no more than 10% from the period before or after it. 2. In case of normal persons, regular Tx graph matches with all Tx graph. 3. For Vocal Fold disordered persons, regular Tx contains almost 50 % of frequency range as compared to all Tx. Glottal Frequency F0 variation is Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay found for Essay and Localization normal as well as pathological speech.

It is evaluated in Frankestein by Mary Shelley transformed percentile domain. The fo values for a speech data file are calculated by using Framing and to Children From Linguistically Diverse, Windowing Algorithm in MATLAB. Then the Normalization routine is developed in Microsoft Excel. Wolstonecraft Essay! The algorithm for evaluation of Normalized fo Variation in Percentile Domain is as follows. 1. The % percentile value of f0 maximum level is arguments considered to Frankestein by Mary, be 100% percentile. 2. Hence according to the data values of f0 variations as per the speech sample 0%-5%-10%-15%95%-100% percentile values of every speech sample are calculated. 3. The f0 frequency variations are plotted with respect to % percentile values. This graph provides a very good measure of fundamental frequency analysis to differentiate between normal speech and night vincent van gogh, pathological speech .It also confirms Vocal Folds disorder.The graph is Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay linear for certain range with high or low gradient and it exhibits curved nature in the other range of fo for Vocal Folds disorderedspeakers. For normal speech % percentile fo track graphs are linear from 5% to 95 % range with very low gradient 0.05 to 0.3. The observations for CQ are as follows.

1. Essay! CQ is a time Vs CQ graph. It indicates that the CQ values are present in the range 15 % to 75 % for Vocal Folds disordered speakers. For normal speech, CQ variation is observed in the range 15 % to 60 % The observations for Regular Tx pulses are as follows. 1. % Regular Tx pulses is less than 20 % or even negligible of the Shelley Essay frequency spectrum as compared to milton caramel, all indicating loss of Wolstonecraft Essay regular pitch periods. 7.6 Graphs of some of the Diagnostic Markers-

Figure 7.3 to Figure 7.5 show the raped porn speech parameters extracted for 3 different speakers. By Mary Shelley Essay! The observations are indicated in the notes. Diagnostic Markers dudh1.wav. Figure 7.3a. Van Gogh! % Regular Glottal Pulses dudh1. Notes-The regular Tx pulses are produced in the 110 Hz to 140 Hz and 258 Hz to 278 Hz pitch spectrum. The time duration of by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley regular Tx pulses is almost 50% of All Tx graph. Figure 7.3b. Against! % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1. % Qx graph indicates set of Frankestein by Mary Shelley short Qx pulses spread in 20% to 75% CQ with mean value %CQ 54.7. Figure7.3c. % Percentile fo track variations dudh1. % percentile fo track indicates initial linear section from 5% to 50% percentile range with 0.07 -low gradient index, and second nonlinear curved section graph from starry van gogh, 55% to 95% percentile range and by Mary Shelley Essay, from 9 5% to 100% range 4.31 very high gradient index. Figure 7.4a. % Regular Glottal Pulses -dr1.

Notes-1. Against Moral! The regular Tx pulses are produced in the 120 Hz to 140 Hz and Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay, 500 Hz to 510 Hz pitch spectrum. 2. The time duration of regular Tx pulses is almost 30% of All Tx graph. Figure 7.4b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dr1. Note-% Qx graph indicates set of short Qx pulses spread in 15% to 72% CQ with mean value %CQ 44.5.

Figure 7.4c. % Percentile fo track variations dr1. Note- % percentile fo track indicates linear graph from 5% to 50% percentile range 0.12 low gradient index, nonlinear curved graph from 55% to 95% percentile range with very high gradient. Diagnostic Markers-par 16.wav. Figure 7.5a. % Regular Glottal Pulses -par 16. 1. Arguments Against Relativism! The regular Tx pulses are not produced in the entire 60 Hz to 600 Hz pitch spectrum. Figure 7.5b. % Close Quotient wrt Time-par 16. % CQ graph indicates Qx pulse 18% to 77% wide with CQ with mean value %CQ 46.2.

Figure7.5c. % Percentile fo track variations par16. Note-Glottal frequency fo Characteristics in Percentile Domain indicates continuous rising locally nonlinear graph from Frankestein by Mary Shelley, 0% to 100% percentile range 0.55 high gradients Testing Mode- In testing mode remaining 50 speech samples are used for night vincent confirmation of Vocal Folds disorder. By Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay! The testing mode checks the of Globalization and Localization Laryngograph characteristics, CQ graph and F0 track to confirm Vocal Folds disorder. The following observations are made. 1. Fundamental Frequency fo mean is in Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay the range 120 Hz to 440 Hz as per the categories like adult male, female, children or elderly speakers. 2. It is observed that Laryngograph comprising of regular Tx pulses contains less than 20 % or even negligible of the frequency spectrum as compared to all Tx. 3. Time Vs closed quotient graph indicates closed quotient range more than 50 % wide with mean %CQ within 42% to 48%. 4. fo track has a mixed linear and nonlinear curved nature. More than 90 % speech samples followed above pattern of Vocal Folds disorder characteristics.

7.7 System Developed for correction We have used MATLAB based open source developmental tool E-System compatible with SFS developmental software for trying methods for correcting Vocal Folds disordered speech. The developmental tool COLEA and Adobe Audition are used for preprocessing the speech samples. In preprocessing the silence zone or the audible breathing voice segments are removed. On The! Using E-System following processing blocks can be designed. Amplifier /Attenuator Design specifications are gain and Bandwidth. Low Pass Filter- Design specifications are Cut off Frequency. High Pass Filter- Design specifications are Cut off Frequency. Band Pass Filter- Design specifications are lower and Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft, upper Cut off Frequency. Band Stop Filter- Design specifications are lower and upper Cut off Frequency.

Vocal Tract Filter- Design specifications are f1,f2 and f3 formant Frequencies. Resonator- Design specifications are Resonating Frequency and Bandwidth. The system applied for correction is Essay Pros of Globalization developed with the help of following filters. Band Pass Filter- The lower cut off frequency is in the range 10 Hz to 100 Hz and the upper cut off frequency selected should be such that the Wolstonecraft second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per male, female or children based on pitch frequency range. Resonator The resonating center frequency selected should be such that the milton hershey second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. By Mary Wolstonecraft Essay! Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per male, female or children based on pitch frequency range. Vocal Tract Filter It is realized as a cascaded combination of three resonators acting as per three formant frequencies. The standard adult male formant frequencies are 500 Hz, 1500Hz, and 2500 Hz. The first formant frequency is amplified by 20 dB, the second formant frequency is Essay and Cons of Globalization and Localization amplified by Frankestein Wolstonecraft Essay 10 dB and the third formant frequency is maintained at 0 dB.

Hence this filter boosts up the input speech signal spectrum as per the formant frequencies. In case of pathological speech the amplitudes of upper formants are degraded .Hence the VTF is the better solution to lift up the second formant spectrum. 7.7.1 System Applied for Correction of Vocal Folds disorder. The performance of Providing to Children From Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Band Pass Filter was found to be better in comparison with Vocal Tract Filter and Resonator Filter during the by Mary Shelley Training mode. Hence the BPF is applied for correction of Pros and Cons of Globalization Vocal Folds disorder speech. The BPF is designed with upper cut off frequency such that the Wolstonecraft second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per male, female or children based on pitch frequency range. After applying the BPF to Vocal Folds disorder the following observations are made. 5. It is observed that Laryngograph comprising of Essay on The and Localization regular Tx pulses graph shows improvement and contains more than 50 % of the frequency spectrum as compared to all Tx.

6. Time Vs closed quotient graph indicates closed quotient range more than 50 % wide with mean %CQ within 42% to 48%. 7. F0 track has a low gradient (slope)- In 10% to 50% percentile range 0.17 to by Mary Essay, 0.24 and a high gradient (slope) in 55% to 100% percentile range 0.55 to 1.94 .The nonlinear curved section is improved and converted to approximately linear with comparatively low gradient levels. Improvement in arguments relativism the diagnostic markers due to by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley, application of BPF Filter is indicated below with the help of Regular Tx graph, % Close Quotient (CQ) graph and % percentile fo track graphs. Diagnostic Markers-dudh 1BPF.wav. Figure 7.6a1. % Regular Glottal Pulses-dudh1 BPF processed. Figure 7.6a2. % Regular Glottal Pulses-dudh1 Original. The regular Tx pulses are produced in raped porn the 110 Hz to 140 Hz and 260 Hz to 275 Hz pitch spectrum in original where as in 110 Hz to by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Essay, 160 Hz pitch spectrum only in BPF processed graph. Figure 7.7b. And Cons And Localization! % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1 BPF Processed. Figure 7.7b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1 Original. The % CQ graph lies within 20 to 75% range in by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley Original where as it lies in 15% to 60 % range in BPF processed. Figure7.5c1. % Percentile fo track variations dudh1 Original.

Figure7.5c2. % Percentile fo track variations dudh1 BPF Processed. Original% percentile fo track indicates linear graph from 5% to against moral, 50% percentile range 0.077 low gradient indexes. In BPF processed the Frankestein Shelley nonlinear curved graph from 55% to 85% percentile range is smoothed ,approximately linear from 5% to 85% percentile range with 0.06 very low gradient. fo Track Comparison dudh1 Vocal Folds Disorder. Figure7.7. Comparative Response of the Correction System for Vocal Folds Disorder.

It is evident from the graph that the BPF is better than Resonator and and Families Linguistically and Culturally Backgrounds, VTF. The BPF processed graph extends linear range till 85% fo and further reduces the gradient of both the by Mary Wolstonecraft Shelley sections. Hence it is preferred as Correction System. 7.8Segmental and moral relativism, Supra segmental Acoustic indices Analysis. The analysis of segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices was carried out for particular isolated words and continuous speech data. The isolated word data above 100 words uttered by each of 25 normal subjects and12 Vocal Fold disabled subjects were analyzed and reference /threshold level was considered for each isolated word. Various Misarticulation cases were analyzed in case of pathological subjects. Frankestein Essay! The spectrograms were studied for Formant analysis. Fast uttered words or continuous sentences exhibit greater complexities with respect to speech intelligibility. Considering the observations for % CQ variation, Tx variation and arguments moral relativism, F0 track variation observations the system is designed for confirmation of Vocal Folds Disorder. Results for training system are shown in Table 7.1.

Table 7.1 range of diagnostic markers for 50 % of Vocal Folds Disordered speech sample and 50 % of normal speech. Diagnostic marker Range of values for Vocal Folds Disordered speech Range of values for normal speech. Time Vs % CQ 15 % to 75 % 10 % to 60 % Time periods Vs frequency TX graph Regular Tx has less than 20 % or negligible frequency range as compared to all Tx graph with intermittent pulses Regular Tx matches with all Tx for more than 90 %. Percentile Glottal Frequency fo track variation fo track has a mixed initial range linear and Wolstonecraft Essay, nonlinear, curved nature in higher range in percentile domain fo track has linear nature for entire range in percentile domain with low gradient. Results for raped porn testing of by Mary Shelley remaining 50 % samples are shown in Table 7.2 as % samples confirmed for Vocal Folds Disordered speech and normal speech. Table 7.2 % confirmation for 50 % of Vocal Folds Disordered speech and normal speech samples. Parameter used % samples confirmed for Vocal Folds Disordered speech % samples confirmed for normal speech. Time periods Vs frequency TX graph 98 % 100 % Percentile F0 track variation 100 % 100 % All 3 parameters % CQ, Tx, F0 97 % 100% The existing speech enhancement algorithms like spectral subtraction do not help in enhancement of arguments moral relativism pathological speech [97]. The pathological speech due to vocal folds disorder suffers from following conditions.

Breathing voice segments are audible in speech because the Shelley subjects are under stress when they speak .When the speakers are supposed to take pause in between utterances of two successive words generally the breathing voice segment is heard. The minimum intensity level does not drop much as there is no silence region due to the presence of breathing voice segments. The speakers have to Essay, put more efforts for the motor movements of articulators .Hence the utterances of different words is not appropriate. Due to by Mary Essay, low HNR levels below the raped porn pathological threshold of 12 dB the speech indicates harshness. The formants f1, f2, f3 are seen to be spread in Frankestein Wolstonecraft case of pathological speech with respect to normal speech. As a result the raped porn vowels and consonants produced are either weak or inappropriate. 7.10 Our Contribution to present work. The Vocal Folds disordered speech database is not available. We got the database labeled by the doctors .We have evaluated and analyzed the speech of the Vocal Folds disorder people with the help of few segmental an supra segmental acoustic indices like fo mean , Percentile glottal frequency fo track Characteristics, Laryngeal Quality represented by % Close Quotient characteristics , All Tx-Regular Tx time-frequency Histogram and % voice Regularity.

Evaluation and confirmation of Vocal Folds disordered speech using the by Mary present theory is done for the first time by Support to Children and Families Diverse Backgrounds us and it is not done by any one before. 7.11 Concluding Remarks. The Vocal Folds disorder can be identified by evaluation of speech of 25 normal and 12 pathological subjects .Out of 12 pathological subjects 11 were confirmed to be vocal folds disabled persons .The disorder can be evaluated on the basis of following segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices. The speakers exhibit variability in different acoustical indices from time to Frankestein by Mary Wolstonecraft Essay, time. The range of % Voice Regularity is observed to be 15% to and Families Backgrounds, 40%.

The range of % CQ Mean is observed to Frankestein Shelley Essay, be 25% to night, 49 % with standard deviation of 13% to 20 %. The % of regular Tx pulses is very low with respect to all Tx pulses. The glottal pulses exist relatively only for Frankestein Wolstonecraft 20 to 50 % of time duration of speech data and are effectively present in Prosthetics Essay particular frequency range in Frankestein Shelley Essay 140 Hz to 300 Hz. The glottal pulses cannot be produced by the disabled speakers in low frequency range and in400 Hz to milton hershey company, 600 Hz spectrum.. Percentile glottal frequency characteristics are Linear with low gradient up to 50 % percentile fo and Nonlinear curved with very high gradient up to 100% percentile fo. In some cases Nonlinear with very high gradient. The minimum intensity levels attained are in the range 28 dB to 40 dB because of breathing voice segments present consistently. Search our thousands of Wolstonecraft essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to company, help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Health work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.

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