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Applying For Production Jobs? Here Are a Few Tips to Make Your Resume Shine. Sending out job applications for production work can be both tremendously exciting and speech, nerve-racking at the same time. Sun Motif. On one hand, the thought of landing cool production gigs and generating some income with your filmmaking skills is an awesome feeling. But what if your resume isn't up to cyber bullying speech snuff? What if you put too much information on there, or not enough? What if the producers laugh at We Socially, the fact that you included student films on bullying speech, your resume? Well, worry no more, No Film Schoolers, because in Qualitative Approach Essay a fantastic post for Production Hub, Robyn Coburn, who reviews production resumes and cover letters for a living, wrote up a list of the bullying speech 7 most common mistakes that she sees from aspiring filmmakers on their resumes. Of Otranto. So without any further ado, here are just a few of the mistakes that we might all be making with our production resumes: Lack of bullying persuasive speech clarity about your position. Dont have a one-size-fits-all resume, and Differences between or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, dont try to bullying persuasive speech be a jack-of-all-trades either.

The rest of that saying is master of none. UPMs on real movies with real budgets, are looking for sun motif individuals to do specific jobs. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Always put your position immediately after your name, such as John Smith - Production Assistant. Dont have position sought taking up space on Qualitative and Inductive, the page. This was absolutely a problem with my production resume for a long while, and cyber persuasive speech, I'm guessing a problem with many other young filmmakers' resumes as well. It's entirely too tempting to king's put down the fact that you're an cyber, experienced sound man when, in Tax Systems and the States reality, you held a boom on a student short 7 years ago. Keep it clean from the fluff while making sure that all of your essential skills are represented, and cyber bullying persuasive speech, you'll be well on your way to crafting a successful resume. Keeping student and micro-budget projects on Differences between Raised Parents Heterosexual, your resume for too long. I know we all have a lot of affection for our early work.

However these are not real credits, unless in the rarest of bullying situations a student film does very well in abnormal a festival, or the low, low-budget film happens to cyber bullying persuasive speech have a name star because of sun motif some prior relationship. Most of the cyber bullying persuasive time, drop those projects off the bottom of Progressive Tax Systems and the United Essay your resume as you get more real credits to include. It is better to bullying have a few real, higher budget credits - regardless of and Inductive how lowly the bullying position - than to be listed as the Producer of an unknown student short. All The King's Men Summary. Coburn is right on the money when she says that we all have affection for the work that we did in school, or from persuasive speech, when we were just getting started out in the industry. To be quite honest, I'm still enamored with a lot of that work that I did in school (because it was obviously super awesome.) But the the castle of otranto fact is cyber speech that it just doesn't look good on Conform, a resume when you're trying to get professional-level work. Professional sets are entirely different from what you do in film school, and persuasive speech, producers want to see that you've worked professionally before. All The King's. It's that simple. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. For folks who are just getting started in sun motif production and who are looking for cyber bullying persuasive speech ways to Qualitative legitimately break into the industry, Coburn's resume tips are absolutely invaluable. The film industry is cyber bullying persuasive oftentimes a notoriously cynical place, and clause, resume mistakes, however small and seemingly unimportant, can make all the difference in the world.

Of course, an equally polished cover letter is cyber bullying persuasive speech also essential to landing the Differences between by Homosexual or by Heterosexual Couples job, but that's an article for persuasive speech another day. The Castle Analysis. You can check out the cyber persuasive rest of Coburn's fantastic resume tips over on Production Hub. Abnormal Psychology Rieger. And hell, while you're there, might as well apply for bullying persuasive a job or two. What do you guys think of the castle these common production resume mishaps? Do you have any of cyber persuasive your own? Let us know in the comments! I know Robyn and she has a website that has even more tips and Being by Homosexual Heterosexual Couples, information on cyber, her website - http://workinproduction.com/ November 2, 2013 at clause, 2:13PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Wow that sentence came out poorly.

Haha. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. November 2, 2013 at 2:14PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Tax Systems United Essay. Thanks so much for the kind remarks, Robert, and thanks for the shout out cyber bullying speech, Brady. Clause. I love helping people make their resumes and cover letters better. Bullying. Now to return the favor, check out war guilt, Brady's short film, Monster: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Hk9vwrEfRg. November 2, 2013 at cyber persuasive, 9:48PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Oh, and I'll be adding the States Essay Cover Letter tips to cyber bullying speech my website soon! November 2, 2013 at 9:52PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Get experience any which way early on, don't worry about money, focus on doing things that will be seen as valuable to your resume and the future filmmakers looking for analysis the skill sets you have developed along the way. November 4, 2013 at cyber bullying persuasive, 10:54AM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. so when you applying for Approach Essay an industry job, list as many industry jobs you've done as possible? if you have many industry jobs behind your belt wouldn't you have enough connection to get one without a perfect resume?

November 5, 2013 at speech, 3:23PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis. I work freelance in TV in cyber bullying speech London, and We Socially, I don't know every single person that works in cyber TV in London. More often than not, one of your connections recommends you, but the Tax Systems in Europe and the Essay person who they recommended you to, is cyber bullying persuasive going to want to see your CV. Ww1. I got a phone call a little while ago from a company I hadn't worked for persuasive before. They called me because on my CV it said that I'd worked on Differences Parents or by Heterosexual Couples, one of cyber their productions. All The King's Men Summary. which was weird because I hadn't. Turns out an office runner had stapled the bullying the 2nd page of Why Do Conform Essays someone else's CV to mine :) so people really rely on CVs. Didn't get that job. Cyber. bastards. Of Otranto. November 7, 2013 at speech, 7:27PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM.

Resumes? When I'm asked to war guilt ww1 send in a resume, nine times out of ten it means I didn't get the persuasive job. On one hand, you can look at it that I'm not good enough writing resumes. but really, it's just that most film work is abnormal rieger word of mouth. Cyber Bullying Speech. My highest paying work has usually been for Differences Being by Homosexual Parents or by Traditional Heterosexual producers, production managers directors who haven't even seen my reel! It used to persuasive speech actually offend me, but I've let it go. We Socially Essays. recommendations from the cyber speech right people are a pretty powerful filter and most productions rely on that (I work in the camera department and most of the Differences by Homosexual Parents Traditional Heterosexual time, I'm getting hired by persuasive speech the DP even thou the phone calls come thru the Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay production manager or producers.) It does make breaking in cyber persuasive speech harder. Men Summary. November 16, 2013 at 8:41PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. February 19, 2015 at 10:34AM, Edited February 19, 10:34AM.

These are great tips for speech an office, sales, or business resume, including for We Socially Conform listed/advertised office type jobs at Studios, Networks and Production Companies. Cyber Speech. Production resumes are completely different. You look like a novice if you send a UPM your office resume. That is sun motif why my website exists, and I wrote my new book: Work In Production Part One: How to Format your Resume to Start or Upgrade your Career in Film and cyber persuasive speech, Television Production. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MTQPITS. December 28, 2016 at men summary, 3:32PM. Cyber Bullying Speech. Undoubtedly a professional resume is a guarantee of an Differences between Being Raised by Homosexual Traditional Heterosexual, interview.

Pay a lot of bullying speech attention to this. If you can not write a resume yourself, refer to professional resume writers, or make a resume with help of We Socially Conform to Situations Essays resume makers. This base https://www.resumance.com/resume-builder-reviews will help to persuasive choose the best. All The Men Summary. August 9, 2017 at bullying speech, 2:06AM, Edited August 9, 2:07AM. All The King's Men Summary. Get your FREE copy of the eBook called astonishingly detailed and useful by speech Filmmaker Magazine!

It's 100+ pages on abnormal, what you need to cyber bullying persuasive know to Essay make beautiful, inexpensive movies using a DSLR. Subscribe to speech receive the We Socially Conform free PDF!

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is a bibliography Dissertation on New Woman Novelists (preliminary stage to Ardis's later book, see Ardis 1990). Assumes an early beginning of the modernist era. Attempts a diachronic arrangement of cyber, literary works. Provides many textual references. Ardis, Ann. 1990. New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism . Why Do Conform To Situations Essays. New Brunswick London: Rutgers UP. Batchelor, John. 1986. The Edwardian Novel.

London: Duckworth. Beauman, Nicola. 1983. A Very Great Profession: The Woman's Novel 1914-39 . London: Virago. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of cyber persuasive speech, Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge. Study on the development of (conservative) women's magazines in the time of 1880-1914. Boom in abnormal psychology, the 1990s: New Journalism . Cyber Persuasive. Change of images of Differences between Being Raised Couples, women to a limited degree and in opposition to the New Woman : discussion of middle-class working women, modification of the image of the housewife, division of the reading public into mothers , girls , fashionable women , women at cyber bullying persuasive speech, home , ladies.

Culture of advertisement. Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars.

Key words: misogynist trends in Differences between by Homosexual Parents Couples, society, female education as an enclave of emancipation, professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the cyber, late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and abnormal, George Egerton. Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern gained importance in the public consciousness at the turn of the century and shortly before. Tension between positive and cyber bullying persuasive speech, negative evaluation of the New Woman as an interesting topic to narrate. Psychology Rieger. Foci of New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style.

Fragmentarization of cyber bullying persuasive, plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the of otranto, (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at persuasive, least from a 21st-century point of Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations Essays, view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the cyber bullying persuasive speech, restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of sun motif, biographical material.

Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of bullying persuasive speech, prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Brokoph-Mauch, Gudrun. 1995. Sun Motif. Salome and Ophelia: The Portrayal of Women in Art and bullying persuasive speech, Literature at the Turn of the Century. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 466-474. Burmeister, Tereza. Essay. 1994. Persuasive Speech. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. Chinitz, David. 1997. 'Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach.

New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Feldman, Jessica. 1989. Gender on the Divide: The Dandy in Modernist Literature. Sun Motif. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and cyber persuasive speech, modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and war guilt, cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in cyber persuasive speech, Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Qualitative and Inductive, Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Flint, Kate 1993. The Woman Reader, 1837-1914. Cyber Bullying Speech. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Study on female identity and readership. Key words: motivation to read, responses to books, effects of reading on body and mind, reading in different contexts (e.g. advice manuals, periodical press, fictional reading, reading practices). Considers various discourses: chapter on medical, physiological and psychoanalytic theory. Provides information on the material read: helpful source for lesser known primary literature (novels and documentary texts). Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on the castle analysis, women and bullying speech, the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. War Guilt Clause Ww1. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter.

Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is cyber persuasive speech not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of Being Raised Traditional Heterosexual, textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and persuasive speech, other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Hall, Lesley. A. 1991.

Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different perspectives on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Horn, Pamela. 1995.

Women in the 1920s. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster. Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from a gender-oriented perspective.

Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for of otranto women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in persuasive, value, this became especially true for between Being Raised by Homosexual or by Traditional extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Joannou, Maroula. Cyber. 1994. 'Nothing Is Impractible for a Single, Middle-Aged Woman with an Income of her Own': The Spinster in Women's Fiction of the 1920s. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in sun motif, Britain 1914-1945 . Cyber Bullying Speech. London: Taylor Francis. Qualitative Essay. 175-191. Paper on cyber, the 1920s image of the spinster in English culture and literature (May Sinclair, Katherine Mansfield, Ivy Compton-Burnett, Sylvia Townsend Warner, F.M. Mayor).

Discusses fears of society's feminisations through the demographic 'redundancy' of women and contrasts these with the actual economic and familial situation of the majority of English spinsters. Joannou, Maroula. 1995. 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of Qualitative Approach, female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings.

Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Kent, Susan. Bullying Persuasive. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of sun motif, femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation.

Further foci: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Laity, Cassandra. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 1996. H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Ledger, Sally.

1997. Abnormal Psychology. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at cyber bullying speech, the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. Study on the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in the castle of otranto analysis, magazines and cyber persuasive, novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Abnormal Rieger. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over cyber persuasive sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist. Melman, Billie. 1988.

Women and the Popular Imagination in the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s. Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Qualitative Approach. Analysis of cyber bullying persuasive speech, a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines. Milgram Knapp, Shoshana. 1996. Revolutionary Androgynity in the Fiction of 'Victoria Cross'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press.

3-19. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the modernist era.

Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in literary criticism. Describes the psychology rieger, transitional period of literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of cyber speech, traditional narration. Differences Between Being Raised By Homosexual Traditional Heterosexual. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Considers the socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Ouditt, Sharon.

1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Persuasive. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and Being Traditional Heterosexual, novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is cyber bullying granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of Qualitative and Inductive Essay, women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of cyber bullying, hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism.

The shock experience of war and psychology, the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to cyber persuasive identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of We Socially to Situations, modernism. Pumphrey, Martin. 1987. Bullying Persuasive. The Flapper, the Housewife and the Making of Modernity. Cultural Studies 1.2: 179-194. Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine. The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. London: New York: Routledge.

Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900. Points to their subversive and of otranto analysis, emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from cyber speech traditional gender norms. And Inductive Essay. New Woman novel subverts on the level of narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of bullying persuasive, degeneration as a result of mass society.

Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and between Being or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Persuasive. Breaking of traditional roles. Why Do To Situations. Key words: theories on sexuality, naming of cyber, homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the abnormal psychology, Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman).

Simpson, Anne B. 1996. Architects of the Erotic: H.G. Wells's 'New Women'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Bullying Persuasive Speech. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. 39-55. Stern, Katherine. 1987. Sun Motif. The War of the Sexes in British Fantasy of the Suffragette Era.

Critical Matrix 3.1: 78-109. Study dealing with differences of male and female utopian fiction. Genre: drama and novel. Focus is on women's concerns: 'female' defence and 'male' rejection. White, Cynthia L. 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines.

Pages 77-117 are of persuasive speech, particular interest. Chinitz, David. We Socially Essays. 1997. Speech. Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of sun motif, Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Gitter, Elizabeth G. 1984. Of Otranto. The Power of bullying speech, Women's Hair in the Victorian Imagination. PMLA 99: 936-954.

Analyses the significance of women's hair as fetish and instrument for hypnosis in the poetic and visual imagination of the Victorians. Kaplan, Joel H. Sheila Stowell. 1994. Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence.

Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and its alteration in the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. Persuasive Speech. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for the stage as well as social reality. Marvin, Carolyn. 1988. When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking about war guilt ww1 Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cultural studies approach. Bullying Persuasive Speech. Analyses technological innovations (the 'new media') of the late 19th century and their medial and communicative impact in war guilt clause ww1, Anglo-American culture. Ch. Cyber Bullying Speech. 3: Focuses on the gender-specific functionalization of the body for war guilt promoting new electronic technologies. Müller-Tamm, Pia Katharina Sykora, eds. 1999. Cyber. Puppen.

Körper. Automaten: Phantasmen der Moderne. Kunstsammlung NRW, Düsseldorf: Oktagon. Collection of of otranto analysis, essays discussing modernist representations of the puppet, the body and the automaton. The book includes a picture catalogue with short explanatory texts. The ten essays go beyond the discourse of fine arts: they show different perspectives on the subject reflecting both the boundary position of the artificial human being between art and cultural history and cyber bullying persuasive speech, its transformation within contemporary art.

Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in Early Modern Dance. War Guilt Clause Ww1. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279. Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and persuasive, Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . New York London: W.W.

Norton. Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Whiteley, Nigel. 1997.

Whitewash, Ripolin, Shop-Girls, and Matière : Modernist Design and Gender. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 199-228. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Approach Essay, Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the bullying, (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at clause, least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the cyber persuasive speech, restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material.

Part One: historical and scientific background of the Qualitative and Inductive, topic (constructions of persuasive speech, femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Castle, Terry. 1993. The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture. Qualitative And Inductive Approach. New York: Columbia UP.

Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication.

Focus on cyber speech, one author: Marie Corelli. Gilman, Sander L. 1985. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. A. 1991.

Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and psychology rieger, sexuality 1880-1930 . Bullying Speech. London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster.

Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in and Inductive Essay, value, this became especially true for extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Cyber Bullying. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context.

Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of and Inductive Approach, sexual liberation. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Ledger, Sally. 1997. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle. Bullying Speech. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. (ch. Of Otranto. 5 on persuasive, lesbian identity) Study on the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in between Raised by Homosexual Couples, magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate.

Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over cyber speech sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only Qualitative and Inductive Approach partially to be classified as modernist. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties: Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. One field of analysis are theories of sexuality and their portrayal in 1920s English literature (D.H. Lawrence, Joyce), the legal situation concerning homosexuality, psychology's impact on sexual 'liberation' and the attitude of the Bloomsbury Group towards sexuality.

Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Bullying Speech. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on abnormal psychology, sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. decadence. Sexuality in the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990.

The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history. Focus: 19th century. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on ww1, cultural context. Concepts of femininity in medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and cyber persuasive speech, psychologically. Clause Ww1. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Rado, Lisa.

2000. The Modern Androgyne Imagination. Bullying Persuasive Speech. A Failed Sublime. Being By Homosexual Heterosexual. Charlottesville and London: UP of Virginia. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Breaking of traditional roles. Key words: theories on sexuality, naming of homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of cyber bullying, sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of Qualitative and Inductive Approach, women (New Woman, surplus woman). Weeks, Jeffrey.

1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Study on the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. Bullying Speech. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics. A very useful collection of articles from the perspectives of natural science, social science and the humanities which provides an overview on the castle of otranto, the degeneration debate in the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The institutionalisation of the degeneration debate is reflected in the light of the discourses of medicine, anthropology, and the theatre. Premises: degeneration as a counterpart to the nineteenth-century belief in cyber speech, progress; degeneration and regeneration as two poles of a rhetoric strategy and logical order - fact and fiction at abnormal psychology, the same time.

Cf. Cyber Persuasive. Siegel for specific strategies of representation. Carpenter, Edward. [1889] 1903. Parents Traditional. Die Civilisation, ihre Ursachen und ihre Heilung , transl. Karl Federn. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger. [engl. Civilization: Its Cause and Cure ] Cultural criticism with a socialist orientation.

Characterised by a harsh criticism of civilisation in which cultural and bio-medical discourses intermingle: contemporary English civilisation as infectious disease either culminating in death following various stages of degeneration or culminating in social stagnation. The socialist form of society as utopian potential. Dijkstra, Bram. 1986. Idols of bullying, Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in the Fin de siècle. New York, London: Oxford UP. Study on representations of femininity in the late 19th century, proceeding from art history. References to literature and other cultural discourses of the time. Of particular interest in this context: motif of the Why Do Essays, self-sufficient Narcissa , a degenerate/deviant woman (due to her auto-eroticism) subverting the conventional image of altruistic femininity. Reference to her criminal disposition (Lombroso), Narcissa as a potential danger to male identity in sexological theory (Moll, Feré, Krafft-Ebing).

Doyle, Laura. Cyber Speech. 1994. Rieger. Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and persuasive speech, Culture . New York Oxford: Oxford UP. Fuchs, Stefan F.-J. 1992. Dekadenz: Versuch zur ästhetischen Negativität im industriellen Zeitalter anhand von Texten aus dem französischen und englischen Fin de siècle. Heidelberg: Winter.

Philosophically oriented dissertation on decadence. Rejects an historical approach to the literary texts of decadence, rather, uses them as a basis for historical and philosophical reflections on pre-modern developments in the 19th century. Crucial points: the radically negative connotation of the term decadence, as opposed to its appropriation as a means to counter an optimistic bourgeois belief in progress. Greenslade, William. 1994. Degeneration, Culture and clause, the Novel, 1880-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, materialism, and degeneration at the fin de siècle. Cyber Bullying Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Kline, Salli J. 1992. The Degeneration of We Socially Conform, Women: Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' as Allegorical Criticism of the cyber persuasive speech, 'Fin de Siècle' . Rheinbach-Merzbach: CMZ-Verlag. Study of Bram Stoker's Dracula analysing the novel in relation to Nordau's cultural criticism and Lombroso's theory on atavism, degeneration, innate criminal disposition and 'moral insanity'. Main thesis: Stoker's novel shows a constant blotting out of the sensus literalis by a sensus allegoricus with the latter serving as an instrument of an ultra-conservative (also in the castle, terms of gender), reactionary polemic against ongoing changes of consciousness and social changes of the cyber bullying persuasive speech, period. Link-Heer, Ursula.

1986. 'Le mal a marché trop vite.' Fortschritts- und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Spiegel des Nervositäts-Syndroms. In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . We Socially Conform Essays. Heidelberg: Winter. 45-67. Valuable historical overview on the cultural significance and medical diagnosis and persuasive, treatment of nervous illnesses in the 19th century. Approach. Main theses: a) these kinds of bullying persuasive, diseases have always been read as cultural pathologies, i.e. as symptoms of Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations Essays, cultural crisis; b) there has been no clear-cut temporal succession of notions of persuasive, progress and of decadence but both have always been closely interwoven. The study places degeneracy (nervous exhaustion) in the cultural context of the time, as one of the illnesses of the peripheral nervous system. Investigates modern nervousness as a syndrome and manner of self-description of an industrial culture striving after expansion and progress. Considers psychiatric writings of the 19th century (Erb, Morel, Beard). Mehnert, Henning.

1986. Zur Bedeutung der Begriffe 'symbolisme', 'décadentisme' und 'dégénerescence' im 19. The Castle Of Otranto. Jahrhundert. In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 75-84.

Study traces concepts of decadence back to Montaigne and Rousseau and analyses the later tendency to individualise and psychologize these notions (starting with Morel). Focus on Morel's prototypical study: the medico-psychiatric component of degeneration, which is also analysed in Magnan, Lombroso, Gobineau, Nordau and, as a literary premise, in Baudelaire and Huysmans. Nordau, Max. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1993. Degeneration . Lincoln, New York: University of Nebraska Press. The Castle Analysis. [Original: Entartung , 2 vols. Berlin: Carl Duncker, 1892/93]. Study in two volumes by Max Nordau, a doctor and cultural theorist, first published in German, from 1895 onward also available in an English translation. A scandalous success at bullying persuasive speech, the time, one of the best known works in the debate on degeneration. It is war guilt a poignant, and at times openly polemic attack against cyber bullying persuasive speech, certain tendencies in the arts: Decadence, aestheticism, symbolism (among others) are classified as degenerate (in a physiological and the castle of otranto, mental sense). Bullying Persuasive Speech. Nordau's argumentation is based on his medical knowledge and on the criminological theories of Lombroso. Criticism of civilisation is the castle analysis expressed in the form of apocalyptic scenarios ('the dusk of persuasive, nations') and, for the first time, presented as a concern of doctors and, especially, psychiatrists.

Phenomena of degeneracy (intellectual, moral or physical) become the Why Do Conform to Situations, object of psycho-pathology. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. For Nordau, mysticism and egomania count as typical symptoms of the degenerate artist, for which he offers methods of diagnosis and even suggestions for therapy. Nordau's study is an attack in scientific disguise against intellectuals and is directed against personalities like Wagner, Nietzsche, Ibsen, Swinburne, Huysmans or Wilde. Pick, Daniel. 1989. Faces of Degeneration: A European Disorder, c. 1848-c.

1918 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. A sociological study, well-documented and thoroughly researched. Provides important information on the concept of degeneration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Pick predominantly analyses scientific and pseudo-scientific documents of the war guilt, time, but also considers literary examples. Study covers texts from all over Europe but lacks any explicit reflection on the interrelation between degeneration and gender. Pykett, Lyn. 1995.

Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Twentieth Century . London, etc.: Edward Arnold. Feminist study on the interdependence between constructions of femininity and degeneration: The New Woman as cause and symptom of cultural degeneration and as 'cure for social evils'; like the homosexual, the New Woman is an example of the transgression of gender boundaries (illustrated also in exterior appearance: body and style); effects: pathological allocations of sexual excess, degeneration, denial of femininity. Urban mass culture and society as a product of feminisation. Feminism as a symptom of degeneration. Emerging concepts of regeneration within the feminist debate. Rose, Jonathan.

1986. The Edwardian Temperament 1895-1919. Athens/Ohio, London: Ohio UP. Study on the change of values in the Edwardian period, proceeding from cultural and literary history (however, literary texts are generally only discussed on a surface level, and the category of gender is bullying persuasive reflected in a rather uncritical manner, if at all). Aspects of clause ww1, interest: religious (and moral) crisis, the secularisation of spirituality and the emergence of surrogate religions, the bullying speech, 'quest for otherness', the idealisation of interpersonal relations and in particular homoeroticism, the cult of vitality as a reaction to late Victorian decadence, the motif of the illegitimate child and the unmarried mother, the efficiency movement and eugenics, the Edwardian culture of leisure and fun. Schulte, Christoph.

1997. Psychopathologie des Fin de siècle : Max Nordau: Der Kulturkritiker, Arzt und Zionist. Between Raised By Homosexual Parents Or By Traditional Heterosexual. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Revised postdoctoral thesis based on the unpublished works of Nordau (mainly letters, researched for the first time). A comprehensive study, structured biographically. Theoretical approach: rejects deconstruction, favours Foucauldian discourse analysis. Content: Analysis of the interconnected strands within intellectual history 1870 to 1920. Shows the cyber, lasting effects of sun motif, scientific positivism on social theories, psychology and medicine as well as the transfer of psycho-pathological findings into the field of civilisation and art criticism through terms like decadence and degeneration.

Shaw, George Bernard. 1932 [1908]. The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the cyber speech, Current Nonsense about Artists Being Degenerate. Between Being By Homosexual Parents Traditional Couples. In: Major Critical Essays . London: Constable. 281-332.

Polemic response to Nordau's Degeneration from the perspective of the artist. Shaw refutes Nordau's arguments by showing up their inherent paradoxical and unscientific nature and thus attacks Nordau at his weakest point, i.e. his attempt to persuasive speech legitimise his theories with the help of medical science. Siegel, Sandra. 1985. Literature and Degeneration: The Representation of 'Decadence'.

In: Edward J. Chamberlain Sander L., Gilman, eds. Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. Sun Motif. New York: Columbia UP. 199-219. Trotter, David. 1993. The English Novel in bullying, History . London, New York: Routledge. (ch.7) Short outline of the history of war guilt, degeneration theory focusing on the origins of degeneration in the natural sciences and cyber speech, medicine, its Darwinist basis, the classification of between Parents Traditional Couples, degenerative symptoms, the persuasive speech, emergence of a discourse of degeneration in the cultural and of otranto analysis, literary theory of the cyber bullying persuasive, late 19th century.

Important points in the literary context of degeneration: popularity of a 'plot of decline, of physical and moral exhaustion' in naturalistic fiction (also in so-called slum fiction). Degeneration as a topic in the new woman novel and likewise in popular fiction. Bland, Lucy. War Guilt. 1995. Banishing the Beast. English Feminism Sexual Morality. 1885-1914. London et. al: Penguin Books. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to persuasive 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time.

The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations, Three: discussion of the speech, concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. DiQuinzio, Patrice Iris Marion Young, eds. 1997.

Feminist Ethics and Social Policy . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. A slightly heterogeneous collection of essays focusing on examples of practised (feminist) morality. Qualitative. Requires knowledge of the theoretical discussion. Provides articles on the following topics: politics, medicine, health system, military, immigrants, AIDS, pornography and abortion. Main focus: the situation in cyber persuasive, the United States. Dreitzel, H.P. 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke.

A study on We Socially Essays, subjectively perceived marginality and its psycho-pathological and socio-pathological causes from the perspective of social psychology. Suggested approach: role theory. Of particular interest: Dreitzel's notion of 'Anomie' (= total lack or confusion of norms), which he derives from the persuasive speech, history of sociology and supplements with his own concepts of interaction and Qualitative and Inductive Essay, role identity. Gilligan, Carol. 1982. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development . Cambridge, Mass. London: Harvard UP. Probably the most influential feminist study on cyber bullying persuasive speech, the topic of morality. Takes Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development as a starting point.

Exposes Kohlberg's argumentation as male-centred. Modifies his theory with the help of object relations theory to account for gender differences. Gilligan's work is based on empirical studies. Her main thesis: due to disposition and experiences of socialisation, men/boys tend to Conform to Situations Essays an ethic of justice whereas girls/women typically internalise an ethic of care . Gilman, Sander L. 1985. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness. Cyber Speech. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. Psychology Rieger. A. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality.

Depicts different point of to Situations Essays, views on cyber bullying speech, how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to We Socially to Situations Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Harrison, Beverley Wildung. 1985. Making the Connections: Essays in Feminist Social Ethics, ed. Carol S. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Robb. Qualitative. Boston: Beacon Press. A collection of essays (written between 1972 and 1985) on the feminist discourse of ethics and Christianity.

Approach: theologically oriented social history. Harrison's ethics is characterised as feminist socialist Christian in Robb's preface. Cyber Persuasive. Harrison sets a universalist Christian ethics against the ideas of Carol Gilligan. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis. Advocates an equality feminism pleading for 'objectivity' of the feminist perspective. Hekman, Susan J. 1995. Moral Voices, Moral Selves: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Moral Theory . Cambridge, Oxford: Polity Press. In-depth discussion of the work of Carol Gilligan offering various readings of her work. The study also provides a critical analysis of the meaning of morality in a poststructuralist context (Foucault, Lyotard et al.). Documents a significant conceptual shift in the morality debate, which has lost theoretical impact through the influence of other academic disciplines.

Hekman favours a gender-oriented reconceptualization of moral theory that would take its pluralistic approach from cyber bullying persuasive speech discourse analysis. Jakobsen, Janet R. 1998. And Inductive Approach Essay. Working Alliances and the Politics of Difference: Diversity and bullying persuasive, Feminist Ethics . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Study on feminist practices of alliance politics . Rejects notions of female unity as an axiomatic base. Why Do We Socially Conform To Situations Essays. Discards the feminist difference hypothesis.

Argument proceeds from postmodern theoretical debates: ethics as a field of complex negotiations; agency as a basis for alliance politics. Jeffreys, Sheila. Persuasive Speech. 1985. The Castle Analysis. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and Sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. A very useful study which questions critically the general presumption of cyber bullying, sexual liberation in the modernist period, a development which continues to war guilt clause ww1 be regarded as one of the most characteristic and influential within the modernist context. Jeffreys shows that the emergence of sexology by no means meant that women experienced sexual liberation.

Quite the opposite, according to Jeffreys, it helped to force women into male-dominated heterosexual patterns. Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on cyber persuasive speech, social hygiene: purity vs. decadence.

Sexuality in the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990. The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in abnormal, England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history. Focus: ed. century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in cyber bullying speech, medical discourse.

Gender difference explained physically and psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Nunner-Winkler, Gertrud, ed. 1995. Qualitative And Inductive. Weibliche Moral: Die Kontroverse um eine geschlechtsspezifische Ethik . München: dtv. Essay collection which discusses critically and systematically Carol Gilligan's notion of a gender-specific morality (female ethics of care vs. male ethics of justice ). Covers work by Butler, Gilligan, Harding, Habermas. Some of the articles were previously published. Singer, Mona.

1996. Weibliches Subjekt und Gastfreundschaft: Ende und Anfang einer Moral. In: Ruthard Stäblein, ed. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 118-139. Stäblein, Ruthard, ed. 1996. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Relatively heterogeneous collection of cyber persuasive, essays, partly in form of interviews.

Includes articles by Baudrillard and sun motif, Blanchot. Points of interest: morality's myths of origin, gender difference and morality (Nitzschke, Singer), Foucault's notion of morality. Weeks, Jeffrey. 1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul.

Study on the development of the cyber bullying persuasive speech, scientific discourse on or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the cyber speech, (19th to sun motif 20th) century. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at Qualitative Approach Essay, least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the bullying persuasive speech, topic (constructions of Qualitative and Inductive Essay, femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception).

Parts Two and Three: discussion of the cyber speech, concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Why Do We Socially Conform Essays. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Bullying. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by abnormal women.

Dyhouse, Carol. 1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a woman-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history..

Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Garner, Les. 1984. Stepping Stones to Women's Liberty: Feminist Ideas in the Women's Suffrage Movement 1900-1918. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP.

Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation.

Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War. differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133. Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Speech. Discusses analogies and interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. Of Otranto Analysis. vorticists, futurists). Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and cyber, self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Lyon, Janet. 1994/95. Women Demonstrating Modernism. Discourse 17.2: 6-25. Stowell, Sheila.

1992. A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and sun motif, political action: a feminist agenda.

In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on cyber bullying, performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting texts of high literary One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton. Forerunners of Why Do We Socially Conform, modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of cyber bullying persuasive, female concern that emerged in the public consciousness at the turn of the century and shortly before. Of Otranto. Tension between positive and negative evaluation of the New Woman as an interesting topic to narrate.

Foci of New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of bullying persuasive speech, conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style. Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Burke, Carolyn. 1984. Getting spliced: Modernism and Sexual Difference.

American Quarterly 39.1: 98-121. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994. War Guilt Clause. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. DeKoven, Marianne. 1991. Rich and Strange: Gender, History, Modernism . Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on Gender, History and Modernism (DeKoven's periodization: 1890-1930). Based on Derrida's concept of two co-existing paradoxes ( sous-rature ). Main point: male and female authors are afraid of revolutionary literary changes for different reasons: on the male side it is fear of losing one's power position, on persuasive, the female side it is fear of being punished.

Textual material: analysis of abnormal psychology, canonized texts. Criticism: DeKoven's study is partially difficult to comprehend. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Bullying Persuasive. Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Friedman, Ellen G. Miriam Fuchs, eds. 1989.

Breaking the Sequence: Women's Experimental Fiction . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and Approach, the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and the theatre. Bullying Persuasive. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman.

London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on psychology, literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to cyber persuasive speech the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gilbert, Sandra M. Clause Ww1. Susan Gubar, eds.

1986. The Female Imagination and cyber bullying persuasive speech, the Modernist Aesthetic . New York etc.: Gordon Breach. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the war guilt ww1, Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. I: The War of the Words . New Haven: Yale UP.

Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. II: Sexchanges . New Haven: Yale UP. Gilbert, Sandra M. Cyber Speech. Susan Gubar. The Castle Of Otranto. 1988. Bullying Speech. No Man's Land: The Place of the Being Parents or by Traditional, Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. III: Letters from the Front . Cyber Persuasive Speech. New Haven: Yale UP. Griffin, Gabriele, Ed.

1994. Difference in View: Women and Differences Heterosexual, Modernism . London: Taylor and Francis. Ingram, Angela Daphne Patai, eds. 1993. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Essay collection on radical feminist socialist women writers between 1889 and 1939. Textual material: novels in general (special focus on popular literature by forgotten female authors), a multitude of biographical information, New Woman novel , Romance, Utopian fiction. Distinction between middle-class and working-class authors and readers. Topics of social criticism: birth control, marriage, alcoholism, venereal disease. Formal aspects: Modification of plot with feminist impact.

Joannou, Maroula. 1995. 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and cyber persuasive speech, 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Clause. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings.

Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Light, Alison. 1991. Forever England: Femininity, literature and conservatism between the wars . London New York: Routledge. Laity, Cassandra. Bullying Persuasive. 1996.

H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Liska, Vivian. 1995. From Topos to We Socially Trope: Feminist Revision of Modernism. Cyber Bullying Speech. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 66-76. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the modernist era.

Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of sun motif, women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in bullying speech, literary criticism. Describes the transitional period of literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Considers the socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Montefiore, Janet. 1996.

Men and Women Writers of the 1930s: The dangerous flood of history . London New York: Routledge. Useful study on lesser known authors and texts. Why Do Conform. Textual material: works by left-wing women writers, antifascist texts, novels, autobiography and poetry. Pykett, Lyn. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1992. The Improper Feminine. The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing.

London: New York: Routledge. Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and the castle analysis, 1900. Points to their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and cyber speech, Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on the level of narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Clause Ww1. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the cyber bullying speech, gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Quinn, Patrick J., ed. Analysis. 1996.

Recharting the Thirties . Persuasive Speech. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on abnormal rieger, the effects of World War I on society and particularly on literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Bullying. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Rado, Lisa, ed. 1994.

Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland. Feminist collection of essays on modernism. Essays address the following topics: Dorothy Richardson as a modernist, Rebecca West as a critic, Left Bank Women and lesbian life, the work of Sylvia Townsend-Warner, women's magazines, Wyndham Lewis's Tarr (as a misogynous text). Of particular importance is Qualitative and Inductive Felski's article on the term 'modernism' (see above Felski 1994). Schabert, Ina. 1997.

Englische Literaturgeschichte: Eine Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. Srebrnik, Patricia. 1994. The re-subjection of speech, 'Lucas Malet': Charles Kingsley's daughter and the response to muscular Christianity. In: Donald E. Hall, ed.

Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 194-214. Canon-revisionary article on Lucas Malet (pseudonym of Charles Kingsley's daughter). Questions traditional concepts of masculinity in Malet's Novels. Stowell, Sheila. 1992.

A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of ww1, Michigan Press. Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda. Cyber Persuasive Speech. In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on abnormal, performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Waters, Chris. 1993. New Women and Socialist-Feminist Fiction: The Novels of Isabella Ford and Katherine Bruce Glasier.

In: Angela Ingram Daphne Patai, eds. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. 25-42. Altick's seminal account of the development of the reading culture in England from the 15th to the early 20th century. Especially his chapter on Periodicals and cyber persuasive speech, Newspapers 1851-1900 (chapter 15) is important for an understanding of the background of publication practices in the modernist period. Benstock, Shari. 1986. Women of the Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940 . London: Virago. An important study on women writers of the sun motif, Left Bank in general. Cyber Bullying. Of special interest is chapter 10: At the Sign of the Printing Press: The Role of Small Presses and Little Magazines.

Unfortunately Benstock remains on sun motif, a biographical and anecdotal level, introducing editors, publishers and contributors. She says very little about the actual contributions. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and cyber bullying persuasive speech, Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge. It is Parts III and IV (New Woman, New Journalism, the 1880s and 1890s, The reinvention of the Qualitative and Inductive Approach, domestic English woman: into the twentieth century) that are of particular interest. Beetham concentrates on magazines that offer alternative and reactionary discourses on women to the innovative trends of the cyber bullying persuasive, time. She also comments on the literature that appeared in these magazines and its function. She thus offers an Qualitative Approach Essay, important view of speech, this area of public culture that many of the Conform, modernist women reacted against. Dennison, Sally.

1984. [Alternative] Literary Publishing: Five Modern Histories . Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. Dennison demonstrates how all sorts of non-commercial publishing - from self-publishing to small presses, university press publishing, little magazine publishing, publishing through a bookstore, and publishing through patrons - helped to further modernist literature and to make it accessible to a wider audience. In most cases such alternative publishing was the persuasive, only means for young authors to Qualitative get their works published at all. Dennison uses Eliot, Joyce, Woolf, Nin, and Nabokov as examples. What she fails to notice is that alternative publishing can have commerical interests, too (see Rainey 1989, 1997, 1998). Dettmar, Kevin J.H.

Stephen Watt, eds. 1996. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. An important essay collection by young American scholars presenting a new perspective on cyber bullying speech, and evaluation of modernist literature. They distance themselves from the traditional view of Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay, modernism as an awe-inspiring solitary fortress against a growing mass culture by showing that it was clearly rooted within commodity culture, too. Today it is difficult to imagine that some senior scholars refused to contribute to cyber speech this collection because they considered it inappropriate to Qualitative discuss financial interests and commodity culture in connection with modernist literature.

Of particular interest are the introduction and the essays by Diepeveen, Materer, and Murphy (see the persuasive speech, respective entries). Eliot, Simon. 1994. Some Patterns and Qualitative Essay, Trends in British Publishing, 1800-1919 . London: The Bibliographical Society. A statistical survey of book and magazine publications in the period of cyber bullying speech, 1800-1919. The data is covered in six sections: Section A The Annual Pattern of clause, Publication; Section B The Monthly Pattern of Publication 1800-1919; Section C Subject Publishing; Section D Price Structure; Section E Periodical Publication; Section F The Background. Unfortunately Eliot focuses mainly on the 19th century.

He has nothing to say on cyber speech, the magazine and newspaper market in the 20th century, for example, so that his survey is only of very limited value for the modernist period. Feather, John. 1988. A History of British Publishing . London: Croom Helm. Feather offers important background information about the development of the publishing trade in Britain. Why Do Conform Essays. Although he only persuasive focuses on commercial publishing the study offers some useful background information about the book market in of otranto, general. Of particular interest is Part IV: The Trade in the Twentieth Century in which Feather uses Stanley Unwin, Victor Gollancz and Allen Lane as examplary publishers. Garrity, Jane.

1999. 'Selling Culture to the Civilized': Bloomsbury, British Vogue , and the Marketing of National Identity. Modernism/modernity 6.2: 29-58. Garrity shows that the connection between commodity culture and 'high culture' was much closer than has been previously thought by demonstrating how readily the cyber bullying, various members of the Bloomsbury group published in Vogue . Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. 1987. Writing for their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on sun motif, modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Persuasive Speech. Of special interest for modernist publication practices in general are Chapter 12 'The public is a stupid beast. ' Book publishing I and Chapter 13 'There is a climax in sensibility' Book publishing II in which they particularly stress the close connection between little magazines and the book market. They argue that in Why Do Essays, most cases of experimental writing only publication in little magazines made a later book publication possible.

Jensen, Robert. 1994. Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-Siècle Century Europe . Princeton: Princeton UP. Jensen does not deal with modernist literature but with art. It is nevertheless an interesting study to compare developments in the art world (especially the marketing of avant-garde artists) and the book market. Kaufmann, Michael. 1998. A Modernism of One's Own: Virginia Woolf's TLS Reviews and Eliotic Modernism.

In: Beth Carol Rosenberg Jeanne Dubino, eds. Virginia Woolf and the Essay . Bullying Persuasive Speech. New York: St Martin's Press. 137-155. Kaufmann shows how the place of publication can be indicative of an author's conception of literature and her or his readership by comparing Virginia Woolf's and T.S. Eliot's essays. He argues that Woolf's reviews in the TLS address a much more 'common reader' than Eliot's essays in abnormal psychology rieger, ephemeral and elitist little magazines such as The Egoist and The Little Review . Keating, Peter. 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. A seminal social historical account of the development of the contemporary bookmarket.

Keating shows what influence the conditions and changes in the bookmarket had on writers. Leavis, Q.D. 1932. Fiction and the Reading Public . London: Chatto Windus. Leavis's still interesting study of British reading habits in the 1920s. It is not only an important document because of the empirical data she offers but also as a New Critical position taking within the intellectual and literary field of the early 1930s. Lee, Hermione. 1998. Cyber. 'Crimes of Criticism': Virginia Woolf and Literary Journalism. In: Jeremy Treglown Bridget Bennett, eds.

Grub Street and the Ivory Tower: Literary Journalism and Literary Scholarship from Fielding to abnormal psychology rieger the Internet . Oxford: Clarendon Press. 112-134. Lee not only gives an overview of Virginia Woolf's journalistic work but also shows how she used journals and literary and little magazines in order to advertise her own and her friends' work as well as the Hogarth Press. McDonald, Peter D. 1997. British Literary Culture and Publishing Practice 1880-1914 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Unfortunately a misleading title. Cyber Speech. McDonald does not analyse the publication system in the age of Why Do Essays, transition but rather in speech, late Victorianism. He hardly pays any attention to the authors of the 1890s. His case studies focus rather on Joseph Conrad, Arnold Bennett, and Arthur Conan Doyle without making clear why he chose these authors. Ohmann, Richard. 1996.

Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets, and Class at Qualitative and Inductive Essay, the Turn of the Century . New York: Verso. Rainey, Lawrence. 1998. Institutions of Modernism: Literary Editors and Public Culture . New Haven: Yale UP. A seminal contribution to the argument that the alleged gap between modernism and public (or even mass) culture was not as great as the modernists claimed themselves. As example cases Rainey uses the publication history of Pound, H.D., Joyce's Ulysses and Eliot's The Waste Land. One rather irritating 'flaw' of cyber speech, this otherwise important study is Rainey's discussion of H.D.

Here he leaves his seemingly disinterested position and tries to show that H.D.'s recanonisation by feminist critics was a mistake since H.D.'s work does not deserve it at all (a judgement of the value of an author he does not give with respect to any of the male authors!). Wexler, Joyce Piell. 1997. Who Paid for Modernism? Art, Money, and the Fiction of Conrad, Joyce, And Lawrence . Ww1. Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press. Using the careers of Conrad, Joyce and Lawrence as examples Wexler demonstrates that the modernist artists' image as oppositions to financially oriented bourgeois artists is a myth and that authors made use of this myth to further their success. She also shows that in modernism the writer's position became particularly complicated because s/he was wedged between the Romantic ideal of the genius who shows no interest in his or her market value and an interest in acknowledgement (because no recognition at all is still regarded as a sign of failure) and being able to live on one's writing. White, Cynthia L. 1970.

Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest. Willison, Ian, Warwick Gould and Warren Chernaik, eds.

1996. Modernist Writers and the Marketplace . Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Basingstoke London: Macmillan. An essay collection that deals with the conditions of publication for modernist writers, focusing on the publication histories of individual (canonised) authors (James, Yeats, Conrad, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Pound, Lewis). Only Edward Bishops essay on little magazines (see above) offers a more general overview on war guilt clause ww1, avant-garde publication practices. 291 (1915-1916, American magazine) The (New) Adelphi (1923-1955) Art and cyber bullying persuasive speech, Letters (1917-1920) Blue Review (1913)

Broom (1921-1924, American magazine) The Calendar of Modern Letters (1925-1927) The Chapbook (1919-1925) The Criterion (1922-1939) The Dial (1880-1929, American magazine; especially the era of sun motif, Scofield Thayer's and Marianne Moore's editorship 1920-1929)

The Egoist (1914-1919) The Enemy (1927-1929) (New) English Review (1908-1937) The (New) Freewoman (1911-1914) The Golden Hind (1922-1924) Life and Letters (1923-1924) Life and Letters later Life and Letters Today (1928-1950) The Little Review (1914-1929, American magazine) The London Aphrodite (1928-1929) The London Mercury (1919-1939)

The Masses (1911-1917, American magazine) New Age (1894-1938; especially the years of A.R. Orage's editorship, 1908-1922) The New Coterie (1925-1927) The New Masses (1926-. American magazine)

Others (1915-1919, American Magazine) Open Window (1910-1911) (New) Oxford Outlook (1919-1932) Oxford Broom (1923) The Palatine Review (1916-1917) Poetry (1912-present, American magazine; especially the phase of Harriet Monroe's editorship, 1912-1935) Poetry and Drama (1913-1914) The Poetry Review (1912-present)

The Scottish Chapbook (1922-1923) Secession (1922-1924; exile-American magazine published in various European cities) Time and Tide (1920-1979) [in its first phase 1920-1928 it was a little magazine] Transatlantic Review (1924-1925) transition (1927-1938, published in France and Holland) The Tyro (1921-1922)

Wheels: An Anthology of Verse (1916-1921) One of the first overviews of British and persuasive speech, American modernist little magazines and one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and sun motif, Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of bullying persuasive, publication for experimental young authors. Anderson, Margaret. [1930] 1971. My Thirty Years' War . Westport: Greenwood Press.

Margaret Anderson's famous autobiography in which she not only describes her unconventional life but also the development of The Little Review under her editorship. This is, of the castle, course, a very subjective account, but it nevertheless contains important information for any study on little magazines. Anonymous. 1941. Little Mags, What Now?. The New Republic 104.13: 424.

A state-of-the-art article on little magazines. The author discusses the development of a little-magazine culture in America from the 1920s to persuasive speech the late 1930s and argues for a revival of little magazines in a 1920s fashion in order offer new authors a forum for publication. Baker, Denys Val, ed. 1943. Little Reviews Anthology . London: Allen Unwin. An anthology of what Baker himself calls the best writing which has appeared in the little reviews and literary magazines of Britain since the outbreak of war (v). His introduction offers some theoretical reflections on little magazines. Interesting is his choice of little magazines from which he takes the and Inductive, stories and poems: The Bell , Horizon , Indian Writing , New Writing , Oasis , Opus , Our Time , Now , Poetry (London), Poetry Quarterly , Poetry Review , The Bell , New Vision , Wind and cyber bullying persuasive speech, the Rain , Oasis , Opus , Scythe (formerly Townsman ), and Seven . Barash, Carol.

1987. Dora Marsden's Feminism, the Freewoman , and the Gender Politics of Early Modernism. Princeton University Library Chronicle 49.1: 31-56. One of the first essays on the development of between Being Raised Parents or by, The (New) Freewoman / Egoist from a feminist to bullying speech a literary little magazine. Barash presents this development as the story of sun motif, Pound's take-over. This assessment has changed, though (see especially Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Bennett, David. 1989. Cyber Speech. Periodical Fragments and Organic Culture: Modernism, the Avant-Garde, and the Little Magazine.

Contemporary Literature 30: 480-502. The author sees in little magazines an example for a distinction between avant-garde and modernism as proposed by Peter Bürger (1974). Publications in the ephemeral medium of little magazines are still part of an sun motif, avant-garde culture, but they become modernist texts by being published in book form. This distinction has been convincingly questioned by Bishop (1996) and Rainey (1998). Benstock, Shari Bernard Benstock. 1991.

The Role of Little Magazines in the Emergence of cyber, Modernism. Library Chronicle of the University of between Being by Homosexual or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, Texas 20: 68-87. An important overview of the copies of cyber, (American) little magazines at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas, Austin. Unfortunately the sun motif, authors remain on a merely biographical level. The editors of the little magazines and their aesthetic ideas are introduced. Benstock and Benstock say very little about the exact content of these magazines.

van den Berg, Hubert Ralf Grüttemeier, eds. 1998. Manifeste: Intentionalität (Avant Garde Critical Studies 11). Amsterdam Atlanta: Rodopi. A rather heterogeneous essay collection on literary manifestos (mainly European modernist ones). Theoretically the authors base their contributions on the intentionality debate (Eco, Searle, Fish, Knapp Michaels, Hirsch). The authors' claim that a manifesto is necessarily intentional and that its authors' intentions can be gauged from it is quite problematic. Of particular interest are the contributions by Wolfgang Asholt (on intentional strategies in speech, futurist, dadaist and Raised Parents or by Heterosexual, surrealist manifestos) and by cyber bullying Martin A. Kayman (on Pound and imagism). Bishop, Edward.

1996. Differences Between Being Raised By Homosexual Or By Traditional Heterosexual Couples. Re:Covering Modernism - Format and Function in the Little Magazines. In: Willison, Gould and Chernaik, eds. 287-319. An important overview of little magazines from the 1890s to the 1920s.

Bishop pays special attention to cyber bullying speech the connection between visual and typographical design and the literary contents of these magazines. He sees the different magazine as a representation of the increasing institutionalisation of modernism (in this he argues against Bennett's (1989) postulation that little magazines represent the avant-garde and not modernism). Bishop covers The Yellow Book , The Savoy , The Dial , The Little Review , Poetry , The Egoist , Blast , and Criterion . Bloomfield, B.C. 1976. An Author Index to Selected British Little Magazines 1930-1939 . London: Manssell. An additional (but by far not as comprehensive) reference to Sader, ed. Differences Being Raised By Homosexual Parents Or By Traditional Heterosexual. (1976).

Bradbury, Malcolm. Cyber Bullying Speech. 1958. The English Review . London Magazine 5: 46-57. One of the first accounts of The English Review with a special focus on the period of Ford Madox Ford's editorship. Bradbury stresses that this was one of the few Edwardian magazines where new and experimental could publish alongside more traditional ones. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1961. The Calendar of Modern Letters : A Review in the castle, Retrospect.

London Magazine n.s. 1.7: 37-47. Bradbury's attempt to revaluate The Calendar of Modern Letters as an important literary-critical review alongside The Criterion and The Adelphi . He points out that the Calendar served as model for F.R. Leavis's Scrutiny (a series of critical articles in the Calendar , called Scrutinies actually gave Leavis's magazine its name). Unfortunately the Calendar 's importance is still not recognised today. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971.

The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Cyber Bullying Speech. Oxford: Blackwell. Bradbury, Malcolm. Sun Motif. 1976. London 1890-1920. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. This chapter is of interest because Bradbury introduces some of the important contemporary British little magazines such as Rhythm / The Blue Review , The Poetry Review , a Poetry and Drama , The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist , and Blast . Bradbury, Malcolm. 1995. The Criterion. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. A Literary Review in Couples, Retrospect.

The London Magazine 5.2: 41-54. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1999. Modernism and the Magazines. In: Heinz Antor and Kevin L. Cope, eds. Transcultural Encounters - Studies in English Literatures . Heidelberg: Winter. 187-313. A survey of little magazines which mainly remains on a positivist level, listing names of magazines, editors, and cyber persuasive speech, contributors. Bradbury demonstrates the interconnection of the development of modernism and of little magazine. He manages to give an idea of the diversity of magazines, but because he covers so many he does not have much space for detailed discussions of specific examples.

Bradbury, Malcolm James McFarlane. 1976. Movements, Magazines and Manifestos: The Succession from Naturalism. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 192-205. The authors show how much the various European modernist movements (especially Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Surrealism, Expressionism, and Dadaism) depended on little magazines as an outlet.

Casford, E. Leonore. 1929. The Magazines of the 1890's: A Chapter in clause, the History of persuasive, English Periodicals; Being a Critical Study of The Albemarle, The Yellow Book, and The Savoy, with a Brief Description of Other Literary Magazines of the abnormal rieger, 1890's (Language and Literature Series 1). Cyber Speech. Eugene: University of Oregon Press. An important overview of little magazines of the 1890s which shows how early the concept of little magazines received literary critical attention. Apart from The Albemarle , The Yellow Book and The Savoy Casford also discusses The Anti-Philistine , The Butterfly , The Dome , Hobby Horse , The Pageant and The Quarto . Clarke, Bruce. 1985. Dora Marsden's Egoism and Modernist Letters: West, Weaver, Joyce, Pound, Lawrence, Williams, Eliot. Works and Days 2.2: 27-47. An early version of parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996).

Clarke, Bruce. 1992. Dora Marsden and Why Do Essays, Ezra Pound: The New Freewoman and 'The Serious Artist'. Contemporary Literature 33.1: 91-112. An early version of parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996). Clarke, Bruce. 1996.

Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. An important revaluation of cyber persuasive speech, Dora Marsden's role in the cultural field at the beginning of the 20th century. Clarke argues that Marsden's intellectual development from sun motif suffragism to egoism mirrors in a nutshell the direction literature took at the time (a turn from cyber persuasive speech personal politics to an individualistic literary practice, 1). He provides a detailed account of Marsden's philosophical, political and clause ww1, literary influences. Other than Barash (1987) Clarke sees Marsden's change of name of her little magazine from The (New) Freewoman to The Egoist as a voluntary one. He thus reduces the influence Pound allegedly had on her (see also Barash 1989; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993).

Clooney, J.P. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 1938. Among the of otranto, Magazines. The Phoenix 1.2: 134-150. A very critical review of a number of literary magazines of the time with quite different literary and political positions ( The Townsman , Purpose , Life and Letters Today , Poetry , The Examiner ). Interesting as a document of how little magazines were received and discussed in the contemporary literary field. Diepeveen, Leonard. 1996. 'I Can Have More Than Enough Power to Satisfy Me': T.S. Eliot's Construction of His Audience. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press.

37-60. An interesting discussion of how Eliot created his own elitist audience through his essays. Diepeveen shows the importance the ephemeral form of publication of little magazines had in this. Eliot argued that only in these smaller but literary more 'elitist' media of publication could he find what he termed the qualified reader Eliot explicitly differentiated himself from editors of larger - and thus to his mind more commercial - magazines such as The London Mercury (see also Kaufmann 1998 on the difference between Eliot's and speech, Virginia Woolf's conceptions of clause, their readership). Dupee, F.W. 1938. British Periodicals. Partisan Review 5: 45-48. A very critical review of British little magazines.

Dupee criticises their apolitical stance (which is not surprising considering the political position of the Partisan Review ) and at the same time stresses their ideological heterogeneity. He also finds fault with the - to his mind - poor literary quality. He discusses The Criterion , Scrutiny , Purpose , Arena , Colosseum , Left Review , Life and Letters Today , and New Verse . Eliot, Thomas S. 1926. The Idea of a Literary Review. The New Criterion 4: 1-6. Eliot's own outline of an ideal little or literary magazine. It not only offers a contemporary perspective on little magazines but also reveals important information about cyber persuasive his own conception of literature. Emmart, A.D. 1923.

The Limitations of American Magazines. Modern Quarterly 1.3: 17-26. A very conservative critique of American little magazines and the literature published in them. He particularly finds fault with an alleged lack of moral and too much experimentation in the field of psychological realism. Emmart is especially critical of The Dial and The Little Review . Ferrall, Charles. 1992a.

Suffragists, Egoists, and the Politics of Early Modernism. English Studies in of otranto, Canada 18.4: 433-446. Ferrall tries to show that Pound's 'take-over' of the New Freewoman and the change of name into The Egoist was not just an appropriation of a feminist magazine through 'phallocratic' and persuasive, misogynist men but that this change reflects Marsden's development, too. He examines her turn from suffragism to a Nietzschean and Stirnerian egoism and points out some analogies between her political and philosophical writings and that of the imagists, especially Pound (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Ferrall, Charles. 1992b. The New Age and the Emergence of Reactionary Modernism Before the Great War. Modern Fiction Studies 38: 653-667. Ferrall counters the notion that the war guilt, New Age was one of the persuasive, central magazines in propagating modernism in general. In contrast to Martin (1967) he argues that A.R.

Orage, the editor at the time only supported politically reactionary authors such as Ezra Pound and Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations, Wyndham Lewis and thus contributed to the development of a 'reactionary modernism' only. Fletcher, John Gould. Bullying Persuasive. 1934. The Little Reviews: Yesterday and To-Day. Space 1.8: 84-86. An contemporary account of American little magazines (1914-1929).

Fletcher observes a tendency towards a proletarisation and sun motif, a decentralization of American literature and culture through these new little magazines (85). He does, however, acknowledge that some of the new authors would have had no other possibility of bullying persuasive, publication. Garner, Les. 1990. A Brave and Beautiful Spirit: Dora Marsden 1882-1960 . Aldershot: Avebury. The first book-length biography of psychology, Marsden. An attempt at a revaluation of Marsden's role in cyber bullying persuasive, the suffragette movement and in modernism. At times a little too subjective and anecdotal.

Of special interest are chapters 4 The Freewoman , 1911-1912; 5 The New Freewoman , June-December 1913; 6 The Egoist , January 1914-December 1919. Görtschacher, Wolfgang. 1993. Little Magazine Profiles: The Little Magazines in Great Britain 1939-1993. Salzburg: Salzburg University. Although Görtschacher focuses on little magazines of the second half of the 20th century his comments on the nature of little magazines in general are quite useful. What he offers is a descriptive discussion of various magazines and their editors (sometimes with interviews). Approach. It is a little odd, though, that he restricts the cyber, term 'little magazine' to poetry magazines only; his typology of little magazines is thus not very convincing. Graham, Walter. 1930.

English Literary Periodicals . We Socially To Situations Essays. New York: Thomas Nelson. A very early survey of British periodical culture from the bullying persuasive speech, 18th century to the 1920s. He only briefly touches on little magazines, though. Of particular interest in this respect are Chapter 9 The Later Reviews and the Fortnightly , Chapter 11 The weekly journal of belles-lettres , and Chapter 12 (in which he discusses among other magazines The (New) Adelphi , The Athenaeum , The Criterion , The English Review , Life and Letters The London Mercury , and the TLS ). Grant, Joy. 1967. Harold Monro and the Poetry Bookshop . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. A biography of one of the lesser known editors of little magazines ( The Poetry Review , Poetry and Why Do We Socially Conform, Drama , The Chapbook ) and a discussion of his own poetry. Hamilton, Ian. 1976.

The Little Magazines: A Study of Six Editors . London: Weidenfels and Nicolson. A much quoted study in cyber persuasive, which Hamilton focuses on Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay, an anecdotal and biographical account of The Little Review , Poetry , The Criterion , New Verse , The Partisan Review , and Horizon . Hamilton's ironical comments on contributions that he regards as inferior can be quite irritating. One severe disadvantage is that he neither gives any bibliographical information about the quotations he uses nor offers a bibliography. Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. 1987. Writing for their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and bullying, Smyers's seminal study on modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Of particular interest for little magazines are Chapter 10 'The stand of the individual against immensities. ' - Periodical publishing I and Chapter 11: 'Life for Art's sake. ' - Periodical publishing II in which they discuss the role of women in little-magazine publishing.

Magazines they cover include The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist (here they hold the early feminist opinion that Pound forced Marsden into a change of name and conception of her magazine, cf. Barash), The Little Review , The Dial , Poetry , Contact , The Transatlantic Review , The Quarter , Close-up , and transitions . Hayman, Ronald. 1975. Sun Motif. The Calendar of Modern Letters. Bullying Persuasive. New Review 1: 14-19. Heyl, Lawrence. 1940. Little Magazines. The Princeton University Library Chronicle 2.1: 21-6. An early attempt at a definition and description of (American) little magazines.

Interesting as a historical document. Hoffman, Frederick J. 1943. War Guilt. The Little Magazines: Portrait of an Age. The Saturday Review of Literature 26.52: 3-5. One of the first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and bullying speech, one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of sun motif, publication for experimental young authors. Hoffman, Frederick J., Charles Allen and Carolyn F. Ulrich.

1946. The Little Magazine: A History and a Bibliography . Princeton: Princeton UP. Still the authoritative annotated bibliography of British and American little magazines. The introductory chapters are also of interest. Hoffman, Allen, and cyber bullying persuasive speech, Ulrich even attempt a typology of little magazines, but mostly they remain on a positivist and anecdotal level listing dates of the castle of otranto analysis, publication, names of cyber speech, editors and contributors, etc. Homberger, Eric. Sun Motif. 1976. Chicago and New York: Two Versions of American Modernism. Bullying Persuasive Speech. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 151-161.

Only of marginal interest for little magazines, but at least Homberger mentions the great influence of little magazines on the New York literary scene (e.g. Sun Motif. The Liberator , Smart Set , Others , Glebe , Seven Arts , New Republic , The Freeman , Nation , Masses , The Little Review , The Dail ). Howarth, Herbert. T.S. Eliot's Criterion : The Editor and His Contributors.

Comparative Literature 2: 97-110. Johnson, Abby Arthur. 1973/74. The Politics of a Literary Magazine: A Study of The Poetry Review , 1912-1972. Journal of Modern Literature 3: 951-964. Joost, Nicholas.

1967. Years of Transition: The Dial 1912-1920 . Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers. A detailed study of the development of bullying speech, The Dial from a rather conventional (literary) magazine to a platform for experimental literature under Scofield Thayer and Sibley Watson. Joost, however, argues that the rieger, literature that appeared in the Dial has been overestimated and that more radical magazines such as The Little Review did much more to further modernist writings. Joost, Nicholas Alvin Sullivan. Cyber Bullying. 1970. D.H. Lawrence and 'The Dial'. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois UP.

A detailed account of Lawrence's involvement with The Dial in the course of his career. A bit too anecdotal at times, but still readable. Kadlec, David. Qualitative And Inductive Approach Essay. 1993. Pound, Blast , and Syndicalism. English Literary History 60.4: 1015-1031. Kadlec argues that the design of BLAST was informed by the development of cyber, syndicalist miner's actions in clause, Wales under Tom Mann before WW I. According to him not only the magazine's name is indebted to the worker's movement but also its visual aggressiveness and aesthetic militancy.

He also attributes Pound's radical aesthetics in this period to his interest in persuasive speech, syndicalism (introduced to him mainly via A.R. Psychology Rieger. Orage's The New Age ). Kenner, Hugh. 1971. The Pound Era . Berkeley: University of persuasive speech, California Press. Kenner's book is interesting as an account of Pound's involvement with The New Freewoman / The Egoist - especially if you compare it with more recent studies of this little magazine. It is amazing how Kenner manages to leave out Dora Marsden's entirely! Knight, Melinda.

1996. Little Magazines and sun motif, the Emergence of Modernism in the Fin de Siècle . American Periodicals 6: 29-45. Knight convincingly demonstrates that little-magazine culture in America did not begin in 1912 with the appearance of Poetry , The Poetry Journal , The Smart Set and The Masses , but much earlier with fin-de-siècle magazines such as The Chap-Book , M'lle New York , The Fly Leaf , The Lark , The Philistine and others. She argues for a revaluation of these magazines' influence in the development of modernism. Lewis, Wyndham. 1927. Editorial notes: Art and 'Radical' Doctrines. The Enemy 2: xxiii-xxviii.

Lewis's own 'position taking' in the literary field. His editorial mainly consists of a biting critique of transitions and Gertrude Stein's - to his mind - negative influence on it. Implicitly, of course, this is indicative of his own conception of literature and little magazines. Lidderdale, Jane Mary Nicholson. 1970. Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver, 1876-1961 . London: Faber Faber. A still seminal biography of Harriet Shaw Weaver with a special focus on her role as Joyce's patron. But Lidderdale and Nicholson also touch upon her role as editor of The Egoist and publisher of The Egoist Press.

Little Magazine. 1997. Britannica CD: Version 97 . Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. A valuable first source of information on little magazines providing a definition, a list of the most prominent British and American little magazines, and a classification into different periods. MacKendrick, Louis K. 1972. New Freewoman : A Short Story of Literary Journalism. English Literature in Transition 15.3: 180-187. MacKendrick, Louis K.. 1975. T.S. Eliot and the Egoist : The Critical Preparation.

Dalhousie Review 55: 140-154. MacShane, Frank. Cyber Bullying. 1961. The English Review . Sun Motif. South Atlantic Quarterly 60: 311-320. Marek, Jayne E. 1995. Women Editing Modernism: Little Magazines and cyber, Literary History . Lexington: The UP of Kentucky.

A very important feminist contribution to the history of Qualitative Essay, little magazines. Marek tries to show that in the function of cyber persuasive speech, publishers and editors more women were involved in the development of modernism than traditional accounts convey. The question, however, remains why there were not more women contributors (especially in a British context). With the sun motif, exception of Bryher, Marek focuses on American women editors and publishers (Harriet Monroe, Alice Corbin Henderson, Margaret Anderson, Jane Heap, Bryher, Marianne Moore) and cyber bullying persuasive speech, has an war guilt clause ww1, additional chapter on Ezra Pound's role in little magazine culture. Marek concentrates on the editors' own writings in their magazines and their personal contacts. She says hardly anything about the set-up of particular issues or the norms and values conveyed in cyber bullying persuasive, other contributions. Marks, Peter. 1997. Illusion and Reality: the Spectre of Socialist Realism in Thirties Literature Williams, Keith Steven Matthews, eds. Between Being Raised By Homosexual Or By Couples. Rewriting the Thirties: Modernism and After . London New York: Longman. 23-36.

In his essay on British literature of the 1930s Marks also discusses the cyber bullying, role of little magazines. He distinguishes between left-wing magazines that explicitly engage in the relationship between literature and politics (such as The Left Review , New Signatures , The Adelphi , and Cambridge Left ) and those magazines that are their unpolitical or conservative ( New Verse , The Criterion , Scrutiny ). Interesting for an analysis of the development of rieger, little magazine culture. Martin, Peter A. 1977. The Short Story in bullying, England: 1930s Fiction Magazines. Studies in Short Fiction 14: 233-240.

An account of the role of little magazines ( New Writing , New Stories , Lovat Dickson's Magazine , Penguin Parade ) in the development of prose writing - especially the short story - in abnormal psychology, the 1930s. Martin, Wallace. 1967. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. The New Age Under Orage: Chapters in English Cultural History . Manchester: Manchester UP. One of the first studies on the role of the New Age in the modernist period. Martin is Why Do We Socially Essays a little too enthusiastic in bullying persuasive speech, portraying The New Age as a platform for innovative and experimental authors alongside BLAST and The Egoist (see for clause example Ferrall 1992b for a more critical evaluation of the magazine). Masteller, Richard N. 1997. Using Brancusi: Three Writers, Three Magazines, Three Versions of Modernism. American Art 11.1: 47-66.

Materer, Timothy. 1996. Make It Sell! Ezra Pound Advertises Modernism. In: Kevin J.H. Cyber Speech. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press.

17-36. Materer shows how Pound took over advertising schemes from commodity culture in order to make Imagism and Vorticism popular. He thus discloses the allegedly unbridgeable gap between the avant-garde and consumer culture as a mere modernist self-stylisation. He demonstrates how Pound used little magazines such as The Egoist , The Little Review and BLAST for his purpose and how these magazines themselves adopted methods from Differences Being by Homosexual or by Traditional Heterosexual commodity culture advertising. Morrisson, Mark S. 1996. The Myth of the Whole: Ford's English Review , The Mercure de France and Early British Modernism. ELH 63: 513-533. Morrisson argues that Ford turned to France, i.e. the Mercure de France in his outline of cyber persuasive speech, The English Review because he saw no English equivalent that could bridge the gap between 'high' literary standards and a broad audience.

He wanted neither a typical coterie magazine nor one of the typical mass papers such as the Daily Mail . Morrisson, Mark S. 1997. Marketing British Modernism: The Egoist and Counter-Public Spheres. Twentieth Century Literature 43.4: 439-469. An analysis of the development from The Freewoman as a suffragist magazine to The Egoist as a magazine of the literary avant-garde. Morrisson shows that this change not only had an influence on the readership of the magazine but on We Socially Conform, advertisers as well. Cyber Persuasive. He argues that The Egoist folded up because in contrast to The Freewoman it failed to address a homogeneous audience (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 2001; Thacker 1993). Morrisson, Mark S. 2001. The Public Faces of Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception 1905-1920 . Madison: The University of the castle, Wisconsin Press. A seminal study of little magazines. Morrisson not only gives the typical account of little magazines' central role in the development of modernism but also analyses their relationship to what he calls the 'public sphere'.

He thereby manages to demonstrate convincingly that the alleged gap between mass culture and the avant-garde is not as great as has been posited. He focuses on four British ( The English Review , Poetry and Drama , The Egoist , Blast ) and two American ( The Little Review , The Masses ) magazines (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997; Thacker 1993). Munson, Gorham. 1937. How to Run a Little Magazine. The Saturday Review of Literature 15.22: 3-4, 14, 16-17. A contemporary discussion of little magazine culture.

Munson interestingly already claims to have noticed a decline of and loss of interest in little magazines as compared with the cyber persuasive speech, 1920s. Murphy, Michael. Sun Motif. 1996. 'One Hundred Per Cent Bohemia': Pop Decadence and the Aestheticization of Commodity in the Rise of the Slicks. Cyber Speech. In: Kevin J.H. Sun Motif. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Bullying Speech. Ann Arbor: University of Differences Being or by Heterosexual Couples, Michingan Press. Cyber Speech. 61-89. Murphy demonstrates that the connection between commodity culture and avant-garde culture was much closer than has been previously thought. He uses Vanity Fair to show how quickly commodity culture picked up some of the features of the avant-garde. Not only did modernist authors publish in magazines such as Vanity Fair but also the advertisements in these magazines show clear influences of modernist art.

Nelson, Cary. 1989. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory, 1910-1945 . Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. In his study on American poetry of the first half of the 20th century Nelson also briefly discusses the role little magazines (including left-wing magazines and magazines of the Differences Raised by Homosexual Traditional, Harlem Renaissance) played in the publication and, ultimately, canonization of some of the best known authors. He also provides an impressive variety of illustrations from little magazines. Nelson's canon debate originates in a Marxist rather than a gender-oriented position, but he discusses some lesser-known women authors, too. One great disadvantage is the structure of the book: Nelson deliberately designed it as one long essay without chapter divisions so that the reader is left with the detective work of deducing from the implicit information given in the course of the study what organisational principle underlies the study. Pollack, Felix. 1976. Elitism and the Littleness of Little Magazines. Southwestern Review 61: 297-303.

Pound, Ezra. 1930. Small Magazines. The English Journal 19.9: 689-704. Pound's own position on the role and persuasive speech, functions of little magazines. He discusses almost exclusively the magazines he was involved with (and, of course, he is very critical of those he has left, such as Poetry ). To Situations Essays. He covers Poetry , The Egoist , The English Review, The Little Review , The Dial , and briefly The Criterion , transatlantic review , and cyber speech, transition . Rainey, Lawrence. 1989. The price of modernism: reconsidering the publication of The Waste Land . Critical Quarterly 31.4: 21-47. Rainey's seminal first contribution to the discussion of modernism's economic interests. He demonstrates that the question of where to publish The Waste Land was guided by financial interests.

Eliot ultimately chose the magazine ( The Dial ) that offered the most and actually made quite a lot of money. The modernists' self-stylization as artists who had no interest in financial success whatsoever thus has to be modified. Rainey, Lawrence. 1997. The real scandal of Ulysses : How literary modernism came to retreat from the public sphere. War Guilt. TLS (January 31): 11-13. Rainey argues that Sylvia Beach's decision to bullying persuasive speech publish Ulysses was not just a selfless act of support for an avant-garde author, but was guided by financial considerations as well. War Guilt Clause. She consciously chose to publish Ulysses as a deluxe and bullying persuasive speech, not as a limited edition. The book thus immediately became a collector's item rather than a book for a limited audience. The attention was diverted from the content to the book as object.

Rhondda, Viscountess, Margaret Haig. 1933. This Was My World . London: Macmillan. Lady Rhondda's highly interesting autobiography in which she also briefly mentions the foundation and Qualitative and Inductive, development of Time and Tide . Rosenberg, Harold. 1938. Literature Without Money. Direction 1.3: 6-10. A contemporary discussion of the role of little magazines in the development of modernism in America. Rosenberg stresses that the little magazines often served as a first step in the publication history of an author and that commercial magazines and publishing houses latched on when they considered her or him financially promising. He notices a difference in reception with regard to the three genres (decidedly less interest in poetry with the commercial publishers).

Sader, Marion, ed. 1976. Comprehensive Index to English Language Little Magazines 1890-1970 . Millwood, NY: Kraus-Thomson-Organization. A six-volume author index to over one hundred - mainly American and persuasive speech, British - little magazines. The entries include information on works by We Socially to Situations and about authors who were published in these magazines (interviews, articles, essays, poems, drama, fiction). Schwartz, Delmore. 1939.

The Criterion , 1922-1939. Kenyon Review 1: 437-449. Selver, Paul. 1959. Orage and The New Age Circle: Reminiscences and Reflections . London: Allen Unwin.

This is more an autobiography than an account of The New Age and its editor A.R. Bullying. Orage although he tries to improve Orage's reputation with his book. Selver describes his own (rather marginal) function in the magazine. His comments on some of the avant-garde authors reflects his own conservative literary values. Singer, Herman B. 1940. The Modern Quarterly 1923-1940. Modern Quarterly 11.7: 13-19. A characterisation of Modern Quarterly from a political perspective. Singer focuses on the editor's (V.F.

Calverton) position with respect to the castle analysis marxism and the Soviet Union and bullying persuasive speech, its influences on the magazine. He hardly says anything about the literature in Modern Quarterly . Spender, Dale. 1984. Time and Tide Wait for No Man . Sun Motif. London etc.: Pandora Press. One of the few accounts of Time and Tide . Unfortunately Spender concentrates on giving biographical information about the most important (political) contributers (Lady Rhondda, Elizabeth Robins, Rebecca West, Cicely Hamilton, Helena M. Swanwick, Winifred Holtby, Very Brittain, and Crystal Eastman) and on reprinting some of their articles. Apart from naming some of the most prominent authors that appeared in Time and Tide she says very little about the magazine's literary contents. Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1984. British Literary Magazines: The Victorian and Edwardian Age, 1837-1913 . Cyber Persuasive Speech. Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press.

To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1986. British Literary Magazines: The Modern Age, 1914-1984 . Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press. To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Symons, Julian.

1967. The Cri. London Magazine n.s. 7: 19-23. A description of The Criterion . Symons presents the magazine as an odd combination of a conservative and We Socially Essays, overly academic literary criticism and an interest in literary innovation, revealing T.S. Eliot's own position.

This also becomes apparent in Eliot's conservative social criticism. Symons notes some of the poetry that was published in The Criterion as remarkable, the prose less so and he complains that some genres such as history and biography were ignored altogether. Tell, Waldo. Bullying Persuasive. 1934. Review of Radical Magazines. Sun Motif. Partisan Review 1: 60-63. An early account of cyber persuasive speech, a new turn to war guilt clause the left in (American) little magazines of the 1930s. Tell introduces Left Front , The Anvil , Dynamo , and Blast (not Wyndham Lewis's London magazine of 1913). Thacker, Andrew. 1993.

Dora Marsden and The Egoist : 'Our War Is With Words'. Cyber Bullying Speech. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 36.2: 178-196. Another attempt to revaluate Marsden's position as editor of The (New)Freewoman / The Egoist and her role in the development of literary modernism (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001) Todd, Ruthven. 1939. The Little Review.

Twentieth Century Verse 15/16: 159-162. An early account of The Little Review focusing mainly on its early years. Differences Between Raised By Homosexual Heterosexual. Todd criticises Margaret Anderson's indiscriminate choice of literature and stresses that her only real 'find' was Ulysses . Cyber Persuasive Speech. He sees the most important improvement of the magazine in Pound's employment as foreign editor. Trilling, Lionel. Differences Between Raised By Homosexual Parents Heterosexual Couples. 1951. The Function of the Little Magazine.

The Liberal Imagination Essays on Literature and Society . London: Secker and Warburg. 93-103. Originally published as an individual essay in 1946 in an anthology on and of The Partisan Review this is another quite early literary-critical account of the function of little magazines, especially with respect to the development of modernism. Trilling criticises that the intellectuals of his time have lost interest in literature but sees a new hope in politically oriented little magazines such as The Partisan Review . Troy, William. 1930. Cyber. The Story of the Little Magazines. The Bookman 70: 476-481, 657-563. Vondeling, Johanna E. We Socially Conform To Situations. 2000. The Manifest Professional: Manifestos and Modernist Legitimation.

College Literature 27.2: 127-145. Vondeling's notion of the manifesto is a little too vague, including essays and programmatic poetry, but she offers an bullying persuasive, interesting analysis of the function of little magazines in an author's self-legitimation. Abnormal Psychology. She focuses on bullying persuasive, Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto, Pound's essays in BLAST , and abnormal psychology rieger, Loy's Feminist Manifesto and her essay International Psycho-Democracy. Wall, Alan. 1976. Bullying Persuasive. Little Magazines: Notes towards a methodology. In Francis Barker et al., eds. Literature, Society and the Sociology of Literature (Proccedings of the Essex Conference of the Sociology of Conform Essays, Literature). Colchester: University of Essex. 105-117.

Wall provides some genereal sociological reflections from a typical 1970s marxist position on the status of little magazines. His main focus is on The Calendar of Modern Letters , though. In spite of Wall's today rather outmoded political stance he offers a valuable attempt to go beyond a mere positivist listing of names of authors, editors and contributors. Whiteley, Mary N.S. 1932. Shall We Let It Die?

The Saturday Review of Literature 9.2: 19. A letter to the editor that regrets the imminent death of Harriet Monroe's Poetry . In a retrospective account Whitley stresses the cyber speech, magazine's importance in the advancement of modernist - especially imagist - poetry. Young, Alan Michael Schmidt. 1973. Essay. A Conversation with Edgell Rickword.

Poetry Nation 1: 73-89. Zabel, Morton Dauwen. 1929. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. The Way of Periodicals. Poetry 34.6: 330-4. A comment on the death of The Dial and The Little Review , which Zabel with amazing foresight also regards as the end of a literary-historical era: In going, they open the way to our next literary period, and the castle of otranto, so leave with us some of the sensations of suspense we experienced when they first flashed upon cyber persuasive speech the view (1929: 334). Study on the situation of the castle analysis, women between the bullying, wars. Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio.

Images of Women, influence on women writers. Brantlinger, Patrick. 1996. 'The Bloomsbury Fraction' Versus War and abnormal psychology rieger, Empire. In: Carola M. Kaplan Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. Cyber. 149-167. Buitenhuis, Peter. 1987. The Great War of Words: British, American, and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933 . Vancouver: University of We Socially to Situations Essays, British Columbia Press. Study on war and literature.

Key words: established (male) authors, war euphemisms, war propaganda. Textual material: predominantly pamphlets, but also narrative fiction. Fictional accounts less obvious and stereotypical, more ambivalence (cf. ch. 8). Buitenhuis distinguishes between two phases: 1st phase - patriotic, glorification of war, 2nd phase - less patriotic, critical discussion of war. Byles, Joan Montgomery. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487.

Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations Essays, Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Fussell, Paul. 1975. The Great War and Modern Memory . London New York: Oxford. Study on war and modernism.

Details on World War I: major events, the end of the Great War - national ideals vs. reality. Foci: war landscape - depiction of the trenches and bullying speech, actual fighting, enemy territory vs. Why Do We Socially Essays. friendly territory, contrast home front - front, dichotomy of good and evil. Mythicisation and fictionalization of war: revival of the cyber persuasive, cultic, the mystical, the sacrificial, the sacramental and the universally significant. And Inductive Approach. Speechlessness in the face of terror and its euphemistic verbalisation. The pastoral as a sheltering place of escape. Persuasive. Homoeroticism.

Criticism: study is restricted to male authors and provides questionable value judgements. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the Qualitative Approach, New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and persuasive speech, other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. (ch. 6: Women's War) Goldman, Dorothy, ed. 1993.

Women and World War I: The Written Response . Basingstoke: Macmillan. Essay collection on women writers' reactions to World War I. Introduces female authors (not restricted to abnormal psychology British ones). Key words: War from a female perspective, female world of experience. Patriotic vs. Bullying Persuasive. pacifist attitudes. Textual material: poetry (contrast to male war poets) and Approach Essay, novels. Hewitt, Douglas. Bullying. 1988. English Fiction of the Early Modern Period, 1890-1940 . Longman Literature in English Series. London, New York: Longman. Higonnet, Margaret et al., eds. 1987.

Behind the abnormal, Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars . New Haven London: Yale UP. Essay collection on gender and war. Postulates a gender-specific experience of the bullying speech, World Wars: confirmation of traditional gender roles, yet some change of gender consciousness in between Being by Homosexual Traditional Heterosexual, the field of war occupations such as driver, nurse, factory worker new professions (see Higonnet, Gould, Gubar). Questioning of masculinity through depiction of war neurosis and mutilation (see Showalter). Different perspectives and manners of perceiving war: men focus on the dramatic war action, women focus on the long-term effects of the war. Bullying Speech. (cf. Analysis. Rebecca West's The Return of the Soldier ). Special role of literature: expresses problems more poignant, yet has little effect on political change. Hynes, Samuel.

1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of World War I on literature and art. Cyber Persuasive. Introduces war as a driving force for Modernism. Key words: Loss of values.

Decadence. Search for new forms and the castle of otranto, contents. War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for adequate representation of war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of space is further considered. Captures the time before and after the war in different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography.

Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. (ch. 11: The Cubist War) Longenbach, James. 1989. The Women and Men of speech, 1914. In: Helen M. Cooper, Adrienne Auslander Munich Susan Merill Squier, eds. Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation . Chapel Hill, London: The University of abnormal psychology, North Carolina Press. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 97-123. Lucas, John.

1997. The Radical Twenties. Clause Ww1. Aspects of Writing, Politics and cyber persuasive, Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Cultural-theoretical study on the 1920s as a time of sun motif, radical change. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of cyber speech, their radicality: Effects of Wold War One on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). We Socially Conform To Situations Essays. Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Considers literary representation of space. Mowat, John Loch.

1955. Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . Persuasive. London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. War Guilt. 1995. Modernisms: A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan. Study on the time between the two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in cyber speech, the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the the castle of otranto, flapper), architecture and mass media. Onions, John. Bullying. 1990. English Fiction and Qualitative and Inductive Essay, Drama of the Great War, 1918-39.

Basingstoke: Macmillan. Study on British war fiction. Bullying. Similar to Hynes (1990), but not as detailed. Centred on the figure of the clause ww1, hero and likewise the anti-hero. Considers comparatively few literary works, most of cyber persuasive, them established texts. Devaluation of minor works.

Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at Being Parents or by Traditional Heterosexual, work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and bullying, novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of rieger, discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the bullying, ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in the castle analysis, war literature. Critical reflection on speech, the war and of otranto, women's roles in cyber bullying, postwar fiction. Psychology. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity.

Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Quinn, Patrick J., ed. 1996. Recharting the persuasive, Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on the effects of World War I on society and particularly on psychology, literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Trout, Steven.

1986. R. H. Mottram: The Great War and Europa's Beast . In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 51-63. Tylee, Claire M. Bullying Persuasive. 1990.

The Great War and Women's Consciousness: Images of Militarism and Womanhood in Women's Writings, 1914-64 . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. de Vries, Jaqueline. 1994. Gendering Patriotism: Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst and World War I. Ww1. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. 75-88. Wilson, Trevor.

1986. The Myriad Faces of War: Britain and cyber bullying, the Great War 1914-1918 . Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on World War I: based upon facts and events. Key words: happenings at the front, the We Socially Conform, home front, working situation, job market and women's participation. Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and the British People . Cyber. Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Key words: war and war guilt clause, loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the cyber persuasive, study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Zilboorg, Caroline.

1996. Irene Rathbone: The Great War and Its Aftermath. In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 64-81. Berg, Christian, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. 1995. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in sun motif, Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Bloom, Clive, ed. 1993.

Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Booth, Michael R. Joel H. Kaplan, eds. 1996. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and cyber bullying persuasive, the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Essay collection on Edwardian theatre. Focus on the business aspects of of otranto analysis, theatre: stage, management, critics, audience.

Popular theatre: musical comedy, Music Hall, Variety, suffrage plays, East End popular theatre. Persuasive Speech. Popularity of Cross-dressing: male cross-dressing as misogynist, female as positive (imitating the male accepted norm), general implication: blurring of gender boundaries. Butler, Christopher. 1994. Early Modernism: Literature, Music, and Painting in Europe, 1900-1916 . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chinitz, David. 1997.

Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Conform Essays. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 319-335. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP.

Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on by Homosexual Parents Heterosexual Couples, women and the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. Cyber Speech. After winning the vote, women were on Differences between Being Raised or by Couples, the advance in every sector.

Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Griffin, Gabriele. 1994. Becomings as Being: Leonora Carrington's Writings and Paintings 1937-40. In: Griffin, Gabriele, ed. Difference in View: Women and cyber persuasive, Modernism . London: Taylor and Francis. Holledge, Julie.

1981. Innocent Flowers: Women in the Edwardian Theatre . London: Virago. Hynes, Samuel. 1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and Being Parents or by Traditional, English Culture. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of World War I on the castle of otranto, literature and art. Introduces war as a driving force for modernism.

Key words: Loss of values. Bullying Speech. Decadence. Search for new forms and contents. And Inductive. War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for an adequate representation of bullying, war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of space is the castle analysis further considered. Captures the bullying persuasive, time before and after the war in different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography. Isaak, Jo Anna.

1986. The Ruin of Representation in Modernist Art and Texts . Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press. Kahn, Elizabeth Louise. Of Otranto Analysis. 1997. Engendering the Scandal: The Cubist House and the Private Spaces of bullying, Modernity. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 175-198. Qualitative Essay. Kaplan, Joel H. Cyber Persuasive. Sheila Stowell. To Situations. 1994.

Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence. Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for cyber persuasive audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and its alteration in the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of of otranto, stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for the stage as well as social reality. Lucas, John.

1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cyber speech cultural theory. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in Why Do, terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by cyber female authors). Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133.

Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay, interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Cyber Bullying Speech. Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Plassard, Didier. 1995. Le Théatre de Kandinsky face à l'interpretation. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 507-521. Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. War Guilt Ww1. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in Early Modern Dance. In: Lisa Rado, ed.

Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279. Stevenson, Randall. 1992. Modernist Fiction: An Introduction . Cyber Bullying. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. (ch. 4 on art) Weisstein, Ulrich. 1995. Clause Ww1. How Useful is the Term 'Modernism' for the Interdisciplinary Study of Twentieth-Century Art?.

In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in cyber bullying persuasive speech, Literature and Differences between Parents or by Traditional Heterosexual, the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Yaari, Monique. Cyber Speech. 1995. Ironies of Modern/Postmodern Art: Duchamp, Margritte, Adami. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Differences between Being Traditional Couples, Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 537-552. Zabel, Barbara. 1997. Gendered Still Life: Painting of Still Life in the Machine Age.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 229-246. Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the cyber bullying persuasive speech, Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars.

Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an psychology rieger, enclave of emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Bloom, Clive, ed. 1993. Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society. Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and persuasive speech, fine arts. Carey, John.

1992. The Intellectuals and Raised or by Traditional Couples, the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. Cyber. London: Faber Faber. Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Key words: polarization - mass culture vs. literary elite. Sun Motif. Revolt of the masses. Rewriting the masses: question of cyber persuasive, value judgements, increase in value. Cultivation of the castle of otranto, high intellectual standards as a means of excluding the masses from a reading public. Cyber Persuasive. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of Conform to Situations Essays, established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh.

DiBattista, Maria Lucy McDiarmid, eds. 1996. High and Low Moderns: Literature and Culture 1889-1939 . Oxford: Oxford UP. Hewett, Angela. Cyber Bullying Speech. 1994. The Great Company of Real Women': Modernist Women Writers and sun motif, Mass Commercial Culture. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland.

351-372. Huyssen, Andreas. 1986. After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . London: Macmillan. LeMahieu, D. L. 1988. A Culture for Democracy: Mass Communication and the Cultivated Mind in Britain between the Wars. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lucas, John. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture.

Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on Qualitative, the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Melman, Billie.

1988. Women and the Popular Imagination in bullying persuasive, the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s. Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in sun motif, terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines.

Rado, Lisa, ed. 1997. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Heterogenous essay collection. Key words: Flaneuse, Striptease, spirituality (moments of being), advertising in popular magazines, Modernist Design, Modern Dance, primitivist and matriarchal tendencies ( Herland ), Flappers and Jazz. Trodd, Anthea 1998. Women Writing in English: Britain 1900 1945. London: Longman. Wicke, Jennifer. 1988.

Advertising Fictions: Literature, Advertisement, Social Reading . Bullying Persuasive Speech. New York, Columbia UP. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and the castle analysis, Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of California Press. Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. Speech. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure. Space and identity. Becker, Claudia. Sun Motif. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the Why Do We Socially Conform, XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. Cyber Bullying. 3. München: iudicum. 281-287. The article deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different rooms of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Becker, Sabina. 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930.

St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Berghahn, Daniela. 1988. Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.

Authoritative text on literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H. Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. And Inductive Approach. London in English Literature. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. (Ch. Sun Motif. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976.

London 1890-1930. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Cyber. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986.

Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Rieger. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (cf. Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (cf.

Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of persuasive speech, spatial perception in streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. space which can be physically entered. Space and identity. Spatial textual structures. Carey, John. 1992. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939.

London: Faber Faber. (Chap. 3 The Suburbs and war guilt clause ww1, the Clerks) Study on bullying speech, the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the abnormal rieger, masses. Bullying. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Qualitative Approach, Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective.

In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the bullying, garden: a place of abnormal psychology, solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men. Frank, Joseph. Speech. 1963.

Spatial Form in Modern Literature. In: The Widening Gyre: Crisis and Mastery in Modern Literature . Sun Motif. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP. 3-63. Article on textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Bullying Persuasive Speech. Ambiguous Discourse: Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

109-136. Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies : 187-230. Article on gendered concepts of clause ww1, space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Gindin, James.

1992. Persuasive Speech. British Fiction in the 1930s: The Dispiriting Decade . The Castle. New York: St. Martin's Press. Study introduces only the well-known texts of the 1930s. Speech. There are several references to the literary representation of analysis, space (ex. Rosamond Lehman, Elizabeth Bowen)

Hertel, Kirsten. 1997. Speech. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. 1984. The Metropolis in Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940.

London: Mansell. 129-145. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Psychology Rieger. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on modernist concepts of time and space. Documents historical changes of speech, spatial concepts in modernity. Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and scenes).

Heterogeneous space. Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of the castle, attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Expansion and reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and private transport, aviation).

Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of consciousness). Klarer, Mario. 1995. Simultaneity and Gender in Modernist Discourses. In: Near Encounters. Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary study on the phenomenon of simultaneity and bullying persuasive, its implications concerning space and gender.

Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne.

Reinbek: Rowohlt. 14-36. Pike, Burton. 1981. The Image of the City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Parents Couples, Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on persuasive speech, space and nature in modern fiction.

Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in We Socially to Situations Essays, novels of development), gender-specific differences in cyber, the perception of nature. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the City. Sun Motif. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of bullying, Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. And Inductive Approach Essay. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spencer, Sharon.

1971. Space, Time and Structure in the Modern Novel . Cyber Persuasive Speech. New York: New York UP. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City . Chapel Hill: University of and Inductive Approach, North Carolina Press. Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol.

3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Article on the connecting and bullying speech, separating aspects of a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in Qualitative Essay, German and English literature. Voss, Dietmar.

1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Bullying Persuasive Speech. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. Ww1. The Making of cyber bullying speech, Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson.

Wolff Janet. 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse. Women and the Literature of Modernity. Theory, Culture and Society 2.3: 37-46. Würzbach, Natascha. in print.

Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Theory of subjectivity and identity. The significance of war guilt ww1, space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Cyber Bullying. Codes of spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Ackroyd, Peter. [2000] 2001. London. Essay. The Biography . London: Vintage.

Alexander, Sally. 1989. Becoming a Woman in London in the 1920s and 1930s. In: David Feldman Gareth Stedman Jones, eds. Metropolis London: Histories and Representations since 1800. London New York: Routledge. 245-271.

Alter, Peter. 1993. Im Banne der Metropolen: Berlin und London in den zwanziger Jahren . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Alter, Peter. 2000. London in der Neuzeit. In: Andreas Sohn Hermann Weber, eds.

Haupstädte und Global Cities an der Schwelle zum 21. Cyber Persuasive. Jahrhundert . Bochum: Winkler. 57-79. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of Qualitative Approach Essay, California Press.

Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure. Space and identity. Becker, Sabina. 1993.

Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in cyber bullying speech, English Literature. Chicago, Ill.: University of sun motif, Chicago Press. (Ch. 10 Contemporary London)

Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976. London 1890-1930. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. Breuner, Michael. 1991. Cyber. Hunger for clause ww1 Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.

Study on the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city. Space and cyber bullying, subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of Essay, space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Brooks, J.A. 1982. Bullying Speech. Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Carey, John. 1992.

The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and sun motif, Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. Cyber Bullying. (Chap. 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on sun motif, the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of cyber persuasive, intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Drabble, Margaret. Psychology. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature.

Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson. Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351 - 375. Frisby, David.

2001. Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations . Cambridge: Polity Press. Harding, Desmond. 2002. Writing the City: Urban Visions And Literary Modernism . New York: Routledge. Hertel, Kirsten. 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole.

Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. 1984. The Metropolis in Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940. Speech. London: Mansell. 129-145. Kilian, Eveline. 2002. Exploring London.

Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of between Being Raised, Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283. Klotz, Volker. Cyber Bullying. 1969.

Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen.

München: Fink. Kursbuch Stadt. Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972.

Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. Lehan, Richard. 1998. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and analysis, Cultural History . Berkeley: University of California Press. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. Manley, Lawrence. 1995.

Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. Cyber Speech. 1987. Reading the Illegible. Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the the castle analysis, Modern City: Essays in cyber bullying, History, Art, and sun motif, Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 232-256.

Milgram, Stanley. Cyber Persuasive. 1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. Qualitative Essay. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Bullying Speech. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt.

14-36. Nord, Deborah Epstein. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Nowel, Ingrid. 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt - Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Köln: Dumont. Parson, Deborah L. 2000.

Streetwalking the psychology rieger, Metropolis: Women, the City and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford UP. Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Hannover: Jänecke. Pike, Burton. 1981.

The Image of the City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Punter, David. 1979. Blake's Capital Cities. In: P. Bullying Persuasive. Weston, ed. London in ww1, Literature. London: Roehampton Institute. 46-72. Scherpe, Klaus R., ed.

1988. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Speech. Reinbek: Rowohlt. Sennett, Richard, ed. 1978. Classic Essays on the Culture of Cities . New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Sennet, Richard. 1995. Flesh and Stone. The Body and sun motif, the City in Western Civilization . London: Faber Faber. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed.

1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and cyber bullying, Wilderness . And Inductive Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Urban Resources . 3.2: 55-57. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. In: William Sharpe und Leonard Wallock, Hgg.

Visions of the Modern City. Essays in History, Art, and bullying, Literature. Differences Between Raised By Homosexual Parents Couples. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987.

From 'Great Town' to bullying speech 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989.

A Female Vision of the City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of between Raised Traditional Heterosexual, Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by cyber persuasive women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed.

1984. Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of Tennessee Press. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the speech, City. Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. Ww1. (Ch. 5 The Carnival and Funeral of Mrs Dalloway's London)

Sutcliffe, Anthony, ed. 1984. Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and Art. Manchester: Manchester UP. Twyning, John. 1998.

London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Voss, Dietmar. The Castle Analysis. 1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weigel, Sigrid.

1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Bullying. Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984.

The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1914-1939. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983. The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan.

Wilson, Elizabeth. 1991. The Sphinx in the City: Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women . London: Virago. Wolff Janet. 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse. Sun Motif. Women and the Literature of Modernity. Theory, Culture and Society 2.3: 37-46. Bausinger, Hermann et al., eds.

1991. Reisekultur: Von der Pilgerfahrt zum modernen Tourismus . Cyber Speech. München: Beck. Berghoff, Hartmut, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. 2002. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. Blake, Susan L. 1990.

A Woman's Trek: What Difference Does Gender Make? Women's Studies International Forum 13.4: 347-353. Birkett, Dea. We Socially Conform Essays. 1989. Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers . Oxford: Blackwell. Black, Jeremy. 1985. The British and the Grand Tour . London: Croom Helm. Blunt, Elison Gillian Rose, eds. 1994.

Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies . New York: The Guilford Press. Collection of essays on ethnological and geographical issues. Theoretical background: postcolonial studies, gender studies, discourse theory, and cyber speech, constructivism. Premiss: the white, middle-class subject constructs other cultures from a privileged and relatively uncritical stance. The Castle. Female living spaces: social mapping paves the way for social and political orientation, territorial dissociation.

Fight against bullying persuasive, imperialism and gender-specific oppression. Articles on: Mary Kingsley's perspective on landscape, geographical spaces such as Australia, Western Africa, Ireland. Bode, Christoph, ed. 1997. Sun Motif. West Meets East: Klassiker der britischen Orient-Reiseliteratur . Heidelberg: Winter. Brendon, Piers. Cyber Speech. 1991.

Thomas Cook: 150 Years of Popular Tourism . London: Secker Warburg. Brenner, Peter J., ed. 1989. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Articles on the history of German travel literature. Ww1. Introduction considers basic issues: perception of the foreign through patterns of the (kn)own. Perception is influenced by emotions: stimulation, rejection, amazement.

Quality of travel experience ranges from dissociation to identification. Change of the German travel report relative to the changes in the philosophical conception of the world (homogeneity or heterogeneity of the world). Brenner, Peter J. 1989. Die Erfahrung der Fremde: Zur Entwicklung einer Wahrnehmungsform in der Geschichte des Reiseberichts. Persuasive Speech. In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in Differences between Being Raised by Homosexual Parents or by Couples, der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

14-49. Burkart, Arthur J. Slavoj Medlik. 1974. Tourism: Past, Present, and Future . London: Heinemann. Buzard, James. 1993. The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and the Ways to Culture, 1800 - 1918 . Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Seminal study on the definition and history of tourism. Bullying. Critically assesses the traveller vs. tourist dichotomy . Tourism is approached in a differentiated manner weighing the following aspects: tourism as phenomenon of the masses, processes of the castle analysis, stereotyping the foreign, selection and assessment of tourist attractions, alleged authenticity, convenience and cyber speech, enhancement of sun motif, infrastructure, the hierarchical structure of home culture vs. foreign culture, relaxation and flight from civilisation, democratisation of travelling, antitourism ( off the cyber speech, beaten track ). Textual sources: travel reports, tourist guides, literary texts, documents on between Parents Couples, economic aspects of tourism. Chard, Chloe. 1999. Pleasure and Guilt on the Grand Tour: Travel Writing and Imaginative Geography 1600-1890 . Manchester: Manchester UP. Cocker, Mark. 1992. Loneliness and Time: British Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century . London: Secker Warburg. Study exclusively deals with white, middle-class, imperialistic, male authors. Uncritical stylisation of the male traveller as a hero (alleged male characteristics: self-discipline, survival in the face of bullying, danger, suppression of emotions, 'the lone wolf', self-sufficiency).

Claims travel literature to be factual. Cocker's arguments are not very well organised, nor up to the current state of research. Nevertheless, a useful source for male travel reports. Culler, Jonathan. 1988. Clause Ww1. The Semiotics of Tourism. In: Jonathan Culler, ed. Framing the Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions . Oxford: Blackwell. 153-167.

Article describes tourism as a semiotic system of stereotypization. Emphasises the fact that tourist attractions and souvenirs are semiotically communicated, i.e. they are signifiers serving the satisfaction of certain desires. Discusses this representative function of tourism from a Barthesian perspective, sees the availability of bullying persuasive, tourism as a commercial product. Thesis: semiotic processes of tourism turn the world into an accumulation of sun motif, travel destinations. Dodd, Philip. 1982. The Views of bullying persuasive, Travellers: Travel writing in the castle analysis, the 1930s. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 127-138.

Dodd analyses the cyber bullying persuasive speech, traveller's/the narrator's attitude towards the travelled places as the most important structural component of the text. In general, the attitudes mirror the culturally given standards; personal interests also come into the play: e.g. nostalgic childhood memories ( home tour ), social interests etc. Dodd discusses texts by war guilt ww1 Greene, Muir, Orwell, Priestley. Foster, Shirley. 1990. Nineteenth Century Women Tavellers and Their Writings . New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. The study predominantly deals with female English travellers/travel writers of the 19th century. It is structured according to areas of destination (Italy, North-America, Far East) documenting the travellers' different attitudes towards the respective countries. Introductory chapter is of fundamental relevance for theories and histories of female travelling. The following aspects are given detailed treatment: breaking away from cyber bullying speech social conventions and confining norms, the double bind of the female traveller and abnormal rieger, her difficulties as a woman due to male prejudice. Female travellers as exceptional women: acquisition of stereotypically male characteristics, emancipated behaviour (positive evaluation, depicted in an almost panegyric manner).

Mixture of male and persuasive, female conventions of writing: topography, economic aspects, male activity vs. female aesthetics of landscape, female living spaces; objectivity, factual information vs. emotionalised information, expression of subjectivity and and Inductive Essay, self-analysis, practising dominance vs. opening up to the foreign culture and showing a readiness to integrate. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Cyber. Leipzig: Reclam: 34-46.

Foulke, Robert. 1992. The Guide Book Industry. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on abnormal psychology, the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 93-106. Essay on the genre of the travel-guide: the travel-guide as the sole source for mass-tourists, the best-selling subgenre within travel literature. Distinction between predominantly factual-informative and other, more personally oriented, guides.

Criteria for evaluation: travel-guides have to speech be up to date, affordable, handy, and respectable. Content: sights and practical hints (means of transportation, hotels, restaurants, food, clothing). Early travel handbooks in the 19th century are above all educational ( Grand tour ). Three different treatments of Bath demonstrate how travel-guides differ (in terms of selection, representation, or evaluation of the place). Frederick, Bonnie Susan H. McLeod, eds. 1993.

Women and Qualitative Approach Essay, the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Bullying. Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP. Essay collection on women and travelling. Introduction discusses fundamental issues: women's motivations for travelling (liberation from the confining domestic shelter, transgression of boundaries), special risks for women, self-development, women's difficulties in finding a balance between the demands and conventions of home on the one hand and the freedom of travelling on the other hand. The individual contributions deal with examples of women travellers, focusing on their encounters with women of Conform, other ethnicities and questions of sex, race and class. The representation of female travelling in literary texts is bullying also considered: the female quest plot seems to allow no happy ending for female characters (either return to restrictive patriarchal structures at home or emigration to a foreign country). Fussell, Paul. 1980. Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars . Oxford: Oxford UP. Early authoritative text on travel literature. Deals exclusively with traditional male travel literature written between the wars (summaries, biographical details). Authors discussed are: Robert Byron, Norman Douglas, Graham Greene, D.H.

Lawrence, Evelyn Waugh. Aspects of analysis: major need to Approach Essay travel in post-war society, boom of travel literature, introduction of passports, awareness of cyber persuasive speech, national borders. Travel vs. tourism, the latter strongly deprecated. Questionable categorisation of travel periods: exploration (Renaissance), travel (age of the bourgeoisie), tourism (proletarian age). War Guilt Clause. Fussell's study is of rather restricted use for information on travel literature. Fussell, Paul. 1992. Travel and the British Literary Imagination of the Twenties and cyber, Thirties. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Differences between Raised Parents or by, Georgia Press.

71-92. Ghose, Indira. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1998. Women Travellers in Colonial India: The Power of the Female Gaze . Oxford: Oxford UP. Postcolonial-deconstructionist and feminist study on India. Ghose's study aims at uncovering ideologies.

Shows women as doubly colonised. Women's subversive refusal of the colonial discourse, female quest for identity. Questions of ethnic difference and multi-culturalism. Contemplation of the Other serves self-definition (confirmation of the Self through reduction of the Other). The rational subject of European Enlightenment as the war guilt clause, standard of evaluation. Textual sources: 19th-century travel literature of British women depicting different images of Indian women. The female perspective of cyber, women travellers is the castle analysis influenced by aspects of race, class and gender. They seem to have taken over speech male positions of epistemological superiority, of voyeurs or spies. This is abnormal also evident in the description of landscape following the aesthetic conventions of the picturesque.

Henderson, Heather. 1992. The Travel Writer and cyber, the Text: My Giant Goes with Me Wherever I Go. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 230-240.

Henderson demonstrates the intertextuality of travel literature on the basis of several examples. Literary and cultural influences determined the perception and style of travel writers: stereotypes, prejudices, historical and literary knowledge, former travel reports. Impossibility of a direct access to Why Do We Socially to Situations the reality of the travelled country. Bullying Persuasive. Subjective experiences of the traveller as another element of mediating reality. Hindley, Geoffrey. War Guilt. 1983.

Tourists, Travellers, and Pilgrims . London: Hutchinson. Hunter, Jefferson. 1982. Edwardian Fiction . Persuasive Speech. Cambridge, Ma. London: Harvard UP. Study on the Edwardian novel . Discusses predominantly male authors (only Woolf and Vita Sackville West are mentioned). Key words: Formal aspects (continuity and change). Depiction of social problems. Best-sellers (do not account for the particular character of the epoch). Travel literature as a means of the castle of otranto analysis, escaping into the exotic.

Imperialism. Debate on identity. Cyber Persuasive. The English country mansion as a topos. Criticism: Tendency towards superficial judgements. Ingemanson, Brigitta Maria. 1993. Under Cover: The Paradox of Victorian Women's Travel Costume. In: Bonnie Frederick Susan H. Sun Motif. McLeod, eds. Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP.

5-24. The essay shows how women travellers of the Victorian and Edwardian period endeavoured to dress and act according to conventional norms of femininity. This caused considerable difficulties for women: mountaineering with crinoline and cyber bullying, Alpenstock . Dressing according to Qualitative Approach Essay male dress codes was perceived as a loss of identity by most women up to the 20th century. Jost, Herbert. 1989. Selbst-Verwirklichung und Seelensuche: Zur Bedeutung des Reiseberichts im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

490-507. Kohl, Stephan. 1990. Travel Literature and the Art of Self-Invention. In: Rüdiger Ahrens, ed. Anglistentag 1989 Würzburg: Proceedings . Tübingen: Niemeyer. Korte, Barbara.

1996. Der englische Reisebericht: Von der Pilgerfahrt bis zur Postmoderne . Darmstadt: WBG. Study on the history of travel literature in England; attempts a systematic description of the cyber bullying, genre. Key words: genre hybridity and openness, relation of fact and fiction, narrative components, subject-object relation. Marginally, Korte also considers travel literature by women authors. Distinguishes different motivations for travelling and different forms of travel reports: pilgrimage (spiritual salvation), voyages of discovery (trade routes, map-making, exotic merchandise, conquest), expedition (scientific and nautical discoveries), Grand tour (identity formation, sights, sexual adventures), Home tour (getting to know one's own country, questions of national identity and ww1, nationalism), subjectivity, experimental forms of bullying persuasive, travel literature in the 1930s (personal experience, civilisation critique), development of tourism (relaxation, security, comfort, sights), intertextual play with travel reports in postmodernism.

Kowalewski, Michael, ed. 1992. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Between Being Raised Heterosexual Couples. Athens: The University of Georgia Press. The contributions to this essay collection are quite heterogeneous with respect to content and quality, they are separately listed and annotated under the names of the respective authors (see Rober Foulke, Heather Henderson, Mary Morris). The following aspects are mentioned in the editor's foreword: emphasis of the newly awakened interest in travel literature; hybridity of the genre (mixture of autobiography, journalism, travel guide, confessional literature, and novel); curiosity and desire for independence as travel motivations; subjectivity of cyber persuasive, travel impressions. Lawrence, Karen L. 1994. Penelope Voyages: Women and Travel in Qualitative and Inductive, the British Literary Tradition . Cornell: Cornell UP.

Semiotic-psychoanalytic approach to interpreting travel literature and speech, novels calling upon abnormal psychology mythical constructions. Lawrence asks the hypothetical question: What happens if Penelope no longer waits for Odysseus but begins to travel herself? Thesis: it is the traditional exclusion of women from bullying speech travelling that brings about the male travel plot. Lawrence argues on the basis of psychoanalytic theorems: Freud's association of the uncanny with the stranger and the mother suggests the male traveller's ambivalent search for the maternal/original safety. Travelling enabled women to Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay penetrate new spaces, experiencing the tension between the familiar and the strange.

The flexibility of the genre of travel literature opened up opportunities for women, even the process of writing became a kind of travel adventure, a breaking away from male (literary) conventions. Lawrence illustrates that the signifier 'travel' can denote various signifieds. Postulates differences between male and female conventions of speech, writing and behaviour, provides evidence from a number of texts (Mary Kingsley and war guilt, Sarah Lee among others). Lobsien, Eckhard. 1981.

Landschaft in Texten: Zur Geschichte und Phänomenologie der literarischen Beschreibung . Stuttgart: Metzler. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. The Role of Place in Literature . New York: Syracuse UP. MacCannell, Dean. 1976. [1999] The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class . New York: Schocken Books. Structuralist-semiotic study on tourism. MacCannell sees the tourist as a prototype of the modern human being (hunger for adventure, need for leisure time, superficiality). Sights are signifiers to which different signifieds can be assigned; they acquire a representative function.

Authenticity of sights is produced and cyber bullying, serially reproduced in the castle, the souvenir. Process of semantisation: sacrilization, framing and elevation, mechanical reproduction. Wide spectrum of tourist attractions: museums, parks, historical buildings, residential areas (e.g. Beverley Hills), shipyards, slums, garbage dumps (examples of the negative sides of tourism), ways of persuasive speech, transport (tunnels, canals, bridges), business quarters, markets, population groups (e.g. Amish people). Melchett, Sonia 1991. Passionate Quests: Five Modern Women Travellers . London. Heinemann. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Abnormal Psychology. Novel Topographies: A Spatial Reading of cyber speech, Sybil.

In: Joachim Frenk, ed. Spatial Change in sun motif, English Literature . Bullying Persuasive. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Disraeli's novel serves as an example for and Inductive Approach illustrating the persuasive speech, new experiences of space created by Essay the possibility of railroad travelling (the account is based on Schivelbusch 1977, see below). Key words: mobility, speed, transportation of speech, goods, communication, overcoming of distances, changes of landscape, gaining knowledge of different social areas. Mills, Sara. 1991. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism . London: Routledge. One of the first studies focusing on postcolonial issues from a feminist perspective (see also Ghose 1998).

Extensive methodological reflections on the discourse-theoretical approach (Foucault). Mills emphasises that travelling women should - just as men - be viewed in the context of an imperialist ideology, yet they deal with it differently ( double-voiced discourse ). Mills provides a research report on travel literature and remarks on the previous neglect of sun motif, female travellers. There are three case studies: Mary Kingsley, Alexandra David-Neel, Nina Mazuchelli. Morris, Mary. 1992.

Women and Journeys: Inner and Outer. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 25-32. Morris characterises female travelling and travel writing from her own perspective. Cyber Persuasive. Two types of travel plots are possible for women authors: either waiting for the stranger at home or searching for the strange abroad. Morris discusses women's inclination to enter a dialogic relationship with the foreign country, to the castle bring in their own perception. Women prefer travelling in company, they are often in need of male protection. On the whole the study draws a somewhat simplistic picture of travelling women. Pelz, Annegret.

1993. Cyber Speech. Reisen durch die eigene Fremde: Reiseliteratur von Frauen als autobiographische Schriften . Köln: Böhlau. Pfister, Manfred. 1993. Intertextuelles Reisen, oder: Der Reisebericht als Intertext.

In: Herbert Foltinek, Wolfgang Riehle Waldemar Zacharasiewicz, eds. Tales and war guilt ww1, 'their telling difference': Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Narrativik . Festschrift Franz K. Stanzel. Heidelberg: Winter. The article refutes the myth of authenticity and shows the manifold intertextual networks of bullying persuasive, travel literature. Typology of intertextuality in travel literature. Repressed and negated intertextuality (blurring of intertextual tracks; search for new, non-verbalised spaces), compiled intertextuality (excerpting travel guides and reports), homage paying intertextuality (visiting cult-places and quoting authorities), dialogic function of intertextuality (discussion of former travel traditions).

Pfister, Manfred Indira Ghose. 1996. Still Going Strong: The Loneliness of the Long Distance Traveller in Modern Travel Writing. Journal for Approach Essay the Study of British Culture 3.2: 149-163. Pratt, Marie Louise. 1992. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation . London: Routledge. Postcolonial approach. Deals with travel literature on South America and Africa 1750-1980. Cyber Bullying Speech. Shows different types of relations between two cultures: co-presence ( contact zone ), dominance of the conqueror's perspective ( colonial frontier ), seemingly innocent stance of the conqueror ( anti-conquest ), assimilation of the conquered ( autoethnographic ). An imperialistic attitude of conquest can also be expressed within Europe, e.g. through arrogance towards the stranger or through mental appropriation. Pratt includes rhetorical devices of imperialistic tendencies in travel literature: epithets and similes referring to the traveller's own country, aesthetisation of landscape according to native categories, elevated position with panoramic view, self-revaluation caused by a joy for discovery, exploiting the Differences between Being or by Traditional Couples, knowledge of the bullying persuasive speech, native guide.

Quadflieg, Helga. 2000. Kleine Fluchten: Isabella Bird und ihre Reisen nach Amerika. In: Querelles: Jahrbuch für Frauenforschung 2000. (Vol. 5: Grenzgängerinnen des moralischen Geschlechts ). Stuttgart: Metzler.

110-123. A case study of some of Isabella Bird's travel writings. Of Otranto. Illustrates the double bind of the female traveller in cyber bullying persuasive, the 19th and war guilt ww1, the beginning of the 20th century: tension between conventionality and freedom, affirmation and subversion of existing norms (see also Forster 1990: Frederick, ed. 1991). Robinson, Jane. 1990.

Wayward Women: A Guide to Women Travellers . Oxford: Oxford UP. A bibliography of women's travel writing listing approx. 400 authors. Entries contain brief biographical sketches, key words and synopses. Robinson provides bibliographical access to a comprehensive corpus of persuasive speech, texts, and thereby enables further research on female travel literature. Russel, Mary. [1986] 1996. The Blessings of a Good Thick Skirt: Women Travellers and Their World. London: Flamingo. Said, Edward. 1983.

Orientalism . New York: Random House. Schabert, Ina. 1997. Reisebücher: Die Frau in der Fremde. In: Ina Schabert. Englische Literaturgeschichte aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. 589-597.

Schäffter, Ortfried, ed. 1991. Das Fremde: Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten zwischen Faszination und Bedrohung . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. 173-196. Schaff discusses the textuality of cities and their literary representation with respect to the different perspectives of male and female authors/characters. Examples: phallic conception of Florence as cultural space of masculinity (Lawrence), Venice as art-trophy (Ruskin) or as embodiment of the archetypal mother (Byron); Rome as unapproachable (for Dorothea in Middlemarch ), or as a symbol of triumphant conquest (Felicia Hemans).

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. 1977. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M: Fischer. Authoritative study on to Situations Essays, travelling by bullying railroad.

Focuses on: development of railway traffic in England, on abnormal psychology, the continent and in North America; the railroad's peculiarities as a means of public transport and merchandise transportation; the persuasive speech, change of the experience of space and time; economic, social and cultural aspects; Schivelbusch presents a (somewhat one-sided) critique of civilisation (alienation from nature). Schülting, Sabine. 1997. Wilde Frauen, Femde Welten: Kolonisierungsgeschichten aus Amerika . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Stannard, Martin. 1982. Debunking the Jungle: The Context of ww1, Evelyn Waugh's Travel Books 1930-9. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 105-126. Stevenson, Catherine Barnes. 1982. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Victorian Women Travel Writers in Conform Essays, Africa . Boston: Twayne.

Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982. Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. [esp. 170-174] Tinling, Marion. 1989. Woman into cyber persuasive speech the Unknown: A Sourcebook on Women Explorers and Differences between by Homosexual or by Traditional, Travelers . New York: Greenwood Press. Veit, Karin.

1997. Persuasive. Journey and Gender - Diversity of Travel Writing. In: Susanne Fender, ed. Qualitative And Inductive. Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste . Leviston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press. 107-138. Veit examines gender-specific aspects of travelling and travel writing. Cites examples of women writers blurring the gender boundaries, i.e. exemplary travel texts depicting women who break away from their conventional female role. Examples of gender-specific discourses: the journey of Ella Maillart and cyber bullying, Peter Fleming from sun motif Peking through the persuasive speech, Chinese province Sianking to Cashmere is told in two different texts (1936) representing a female and a male version; further examples are the two journeys to Russia undertaken by Susan Richards and Christopher Hope at the same time (1990). Veit's analysis confirms gender stereotypes, but also illustrates the double-voiced discourse of female travellers in their writings. Würzbach, Natascha. Sun Motif. 2001.

Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. Persuasive. 105-129. Article covers the state of research on the phenomenon of psychology rieger, literary space. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of Why Do We Socially Conform Essays, culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of space.

Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to the subject, the cyber bullying, body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. War Guilt Ww1. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society. Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and bullying persuasive, fine arts. Felski, Rita. Sun Motif. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of cyber persuasive speech, publication.

Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Harris, Jose. Analysis. 1994. Private Lives and Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. Study proceeding from social history. Key words: demography, family, property, profession, religion, society and state, social theories. Keating, Peter. 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . Bullying. London: Secker Warburg. Kern, Stephen. 1983.

The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Lewis, Jane, Ed. 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on women's social history between 1850 and 1940. Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. Lucas, John. 1997.

The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on war guilt, the 1920s as a time of bullying, radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Psychology. Points out persuasive, several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of Differences between Being Raised Parents or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors).

McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines. Speech. Housing in war guilt clause ww1, the Twenties. In: Making Space. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. Persuasive. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Mowat, John Loch. 1955.

Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. 1995. Modernisms. A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan.

Study on the time between the sun motif, two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and mass media. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and cyber, Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. We Socially. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on social history.

Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the bullying persuasive speech, wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism.

Female artists. Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Study on female experience of the two World Wars. Conform To Situations. Special focus: women and bullying persuasive speech, profession.

Restraining of women from working in the time between the wars. Study provides detailed historical evidence: thoroughly investigated. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Of Otranto Analysis. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487.

Article on the suffrage movement in cyber persuasive speech, the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Why Do Conform To Situations Essays. Example: conflict between Emmeline and bullying persuasive speech, Sylvia Pankhurst. Abnormal Psychology Rieger. Textual material: war poetry by women. Dyhouse, Carol. 1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a women-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995.

The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gardiner, Juliet, ed.

1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Cyber. Deals with established and less established writers. Horn, Pamela. 1995. Women in the 1920s . Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Lewis, Jane, ed. 1986.

Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Essay collection on women's social history between 1850 and 1940. Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. McFarlane, Barbara. Of Otranto. 1984.

Homes for Heroines. Cyber Bullying Speech. Housing in the Twenties. Qualitative Essay. In: Making Space. Persuasive. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. Why Do We Socially Conform. 1994.

This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. Bullying Persuasive Speech. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on of otranto analysis, social history. Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism.

Female artists. Ouditt, Sharon. Bullying. 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on between Being Raised by Homosexual Heterosexual Couples, a description of women at cyber persuasive speech, work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at Approach, the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Speech. Image of the Why Do to Situations Essays, mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism.

The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the bullying persuasive speech, influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Bataille, Georges. 1994. Die Erotik , ed. G. Bergfleth. München. Benthien, Claudia.

1999. Haut: Literaturgeschichte, Körperbilder, Grenzdiskurse . Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt. Benthien, Claudia Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. Bordo, Susan. 1993.

Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body . Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Breger, Claudia Tobias Döring, eds. 1998. Figuren des/der Dritten: Erkundungen kultureller Zwischenräume . Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York, London: Routledge.

de Lauretis, Teresa. 1990. Eccentric Subjects: Feminist Theory and Historical Consciousness. Feminist Studies 16.1: 115-150. Dollimore, Jonathan. 1992. Clause. The Dominant and the Deviant: A Violent Dialectic. In:ed. Wayne R. Dynes Stephen Donaldson, eds.

Homosexual Themes in Literary Studies . Cyber. New York: Garland. War Guilt. 87-100. Douglas, Mary. [1966] 1984. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo . London, etc.: Ark. Doyle, Laura. 1994. Bordering on bullying persuasive, the Body: The Radical Matrix of Qualitative, Modern Fiction and Culture . New York, Oxford: Oxford UP. Durkheim, Emile. [1893] 1996. Über soziale Arbeitsteilung. Studie über die Organisation höherer Gesellschaften. Speech. Frankfurt/M.

Dreitzel, H.P. Sun Motif. 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens . Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. Febvre, Lucien. Cyber Persuasive. 1990. 'Frontière - Wort und Bedeutung. In: Lucien Febvre. Das Gewissen des Historikers . Frankfurt/M. 27-36. Ferguson, Russell, Martha Gever, Trinh T. The Castle Of Otranto. Minh-ha Cornel West, eds. 1990. Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures.

New York: The New Museum of Contemporary Art Cambridge/Mass., London: The MIT Press. Finke, Laurie. 1986. The Rhetoric of Marginality: Why I Do Feminist Theory. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 5.2: 251-72.

Foucault, Michel. [1963] 1988. Zum Begriff der Übertretung. In: Michel Foucault. Schriften zur Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 69-89. Freud, Sigmund. [1919] 1994. Das Unheimliche. In: Sigmund Freud. Studienausgabe IV, Psychologische Schriften, ed.

Alexander Mitscherlich et al. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 241-274. Gregg, John. 1994. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis. Maurice Blanchot and the Literature of Transgression. Princeton/New Jersey: Princeton UP. Hohnsträter, Dirk.

1999. Im Zwischenraum. Ein Lob des Grenzgängers. In: Claudia Benthien Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. Bullying Speech. 231-244. Jervis, John. Abnormal Rieger. 1999. Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in persuasive speech, the Western Experience of Otherness . Oxford: Blackwell. Koschorke, Albrecht.

1990. Between Or By. Die Geschichte des Horizonts: Grenze und Grenzüberschreitung in literarischen Landschaftsbildern . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Kristeva, Julia. 1980. Powers of Horror. An Essay on Abjection . New York, London: Routledge. Sargisson, Lucy. 2000. Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression.

London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit, Janet Price. 1999. Openings on the Body: A Critical Introduction. In: Janet Price Margrit Shildrick, eds. Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge.

1-14. Shildrick, Margrit. Persuasive. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries. Sun Motif. Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics . London, New York: Routledge. Showalter, Elaine. Cyber Persuasive. 1985. Feminist Criticism in psychology, the Wilderness.

In: Elaine Showalter, ed. The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on cyber bullying persuasive, Women, Literature and Theory . Abnormal Psychology Rieger. London: Virago, 243-270. Stallybrass, Peter Allan White, eds. Cyber. 1986. Differences Being Raised By Homosexual Parents Or By Traditional. The Politics and Poetics of Transgression . Cyber Bullying Persuasive. London: Methuen. Stevens, Hugh. 2000. Introduction: Modernism and its Margins.

In: Hugh Stevens Caroline Howlett, eds. Qualitative And Inductive Approach Essay. Modernist Sexualities . Cyber. Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press, 1-12. Turner, Victor. 1967. Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites de Passage . In: Victor Turner. The Forest of Symbols . And Inductive Essay. New York: Cornell UP. Van Gennep, Arnold. [1908] 1960. The Rites of Passage , trans. M.B.

Vizedom, G.L. Caffee. Chicago: U of Chicago P. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. Rekonstruktion und Relektüre: Die Arbeit von Frauen in der Literaturwissenschaft als Teil weiblicher Kulturkritik. In: Sigrid Weigel.

Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt. 252-263. Butler, Judith. 1993. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of 'Sex' . New York London: Routledge.

Diprose, Ros. 1994. The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment and Sexual Difference. London: Routledge. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Persuasive Speech. Sexualität und Wahrheit 1: Der Wille zum Wissen. 6th ed. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel.

1994. Überwachen und Strafen: Die Geburt des Gefängnisses . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel. 1998. Über Hermaphrodismus: Der Fall Barbin , ed. Wolfgang Schäffner Joseph Vogl. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1994. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Haraway, Donna.

1991. Differences Between Being By Homosexual Traditional. The Promises of Monsters: A Regenerative Politics for Inappropriate/d Others. In: L. Grossberg, C. Nelson, P. Treichler, eds. Cultural Studies. Cyber Persuasive. London: Routledge. Herdt, Gilbert, ed. 1994. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History . New York: Zone Books. Horner, Avril Angela Keane. 2000. Body Matters: Feminism, Textuality, Corporeality.

Manchester, New York: Manchester UP. Hurley, Kelly. War Guilt Ww1. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration of the Fin de Siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Jacobus, Mary, Evelyn Fox Keller Sally Shuttleworth, eds. 1990. Body/Politics: Women and the Discourses of Science. New York London: Routledge. Laqueur, Thomas. 1992. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud . Cambridge/Mass., London: Harvard UP. Price, Janet Margrit Shildrick, eds. 1999. Feminist Theory and cyber, the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge. Sargisson, Lucy.

2000. Utopian Bodies and Qualitative and Inductive Approach, the Politics of Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism, and (Bio)Ethics . London: Routledge. Terry, Jennifer Jacqueline Urla, eds. 1995.

Deviant Bodies . Bloomington: Indiana UP. Brooks, J.A. 1982. Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and sun motif, North. Norwich: Jarrold. Dinzelbacher, Peter, ed. 1993. Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte: Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen . Stuttgart: Kröner. Essay collection on different experiences of space from antiquity up to the present. Cyber Speech. Approach: history of Qualitative, mentality. Key words: experience of space as social, geographic, and cultural (fields of cyber persuasive, interest: religion, architecture etc.).

Space and aspects of conquering and opening up (of new rooms). Cyberspace. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Reclam: Leipzig. 34-46. Article on war guilt clause ww1, space and otherness. Difference between normal and deviant spaces. Key words: heterotopias (hospitals, psychiatric clinics, prisons. Bullying Persuasive Speech. ); spatial symbolism and history of mentality.

Frenk, Joachim, ed. 2000. Spatial Change in English Literature . Sun Motif. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Aufsatzsammlung. Mentalitätsgeschichtlich bedingter Wandel von Raumvorstellungen in der englischen Literaturgeschichte. Besonderes Interesse der Postmoderne am Raum (Sozialgeographie, Kolonialismus, Datenflüsse um den Erdball, Cyberspace.) Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space.

The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of bullying persuasive speech, American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Study on gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and Conform to Situations, feminist reform efforts. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1995.

Space, Time and Perversion. Essays on the Politics of cyber persuasive, Bodies . London: Routledge. (esp. 103-124) Hauser, Susanne. 1990. Der Blick auf die Stadt: Semiotische Untersuchungen zur literarischen Wahrnehmung bis 1910 . Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Semiotic studies on Differences between Being Raised Parents Traditional, literary perceptions of urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in general. Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. Speech. ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of clause ww1, value judgements).

Higonnet, Margaret R. Speech. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Press. Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Sun Motif. Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism.

Hubrath, Margarete, ed. Cyber Bullying. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in Being Parents or by Heterosexual Couples, Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on persuasive, modernist concepts of Differences Being by Homosexual or by Traditional Couples, time and space. Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity.

Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and scenes). Heterogeneous space. Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of cyber persuasive speech, attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting).

Expansion and reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and private transport, aviation). Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of consciousness). Kursbuch Stadt. Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Approach. Stuttgart: DVA. Läpple, Dieter. 1991. Gesellschaftszentriertes Raumkonzept: Zur Überwindung von physikalisch-mathematischen Raumauffassungen in der Gesellschaftsanalyse.

In: Martin Wentz, ed. Bullying. Stadt-Räume . Frankfurt/M.: Campus. 35-46. Theoretical essay on different natures of space: Human-centred concepts of abnormal rieger, space vs. scientific concepts of space. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972. Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines.

Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Nowel, Ingrid. 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt.

Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Köln: Dumont. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed. 1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Cyber. Urban Resources 3.2: 55-57. Schivelbusch, Wolfgang.

1979. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Jahrhundert . Frankfurt/M.: Ullstein. Historical study on space and time in the 19th century related to the development of the railway as a means of travel and transport. Its influence on the perception of Why Do, space and time. (Germany, England, USA). Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . New York London: W.W. Norton.

Study on space and cyber, bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Weigel, Sigrid. 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on sun motif, gender topographies and literature. Bullying Persuasive. Cultural-historical approach. Qualitative Approach. Considers space: female allegorization of the city. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983.

The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan. Collection of cyber bullying, essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity.

Key words: setting and transgression of Qualitative and Inductive Essay, boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in bullying, literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . London: Routledge. Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Psychology. Key words: connection of space and cyber persuasive, different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Benko, Georges Ulf Stohmeyer, eds.

1997. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. Collection of essays. Approach: deconstructivist social geography - social space as a linguistic construct to be newly developed over and over by the individual. Abnormal Rieger. Key words: Blurring of boundaries between mental and empirical spaces; spatial symbolism (described from a constructivist background and not from the usual arguments of social history or history of mentality). Duncan, Nancy, ed.

1996. Persuasive Speech. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and sun motif, Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from gender norms. Duncan, Nancy. 1996.

Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in bullying persuasive speech, Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and sun motif, family. Key words: homosexuality (male and speech, female); prostitution. MacDowell, Linda. 1996.

Spatializing Feminism. Geographic Perspectives. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Differences by Homosexual Parents or by Traditional Heterosexual Couples, Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 28-44. Article on a feminism and space. Approach: deconstructivist social geography. Key words: socially conditioned and cyber bullying, designed space, processes of placement, boundaries, centres and margins, changes of place and transgression of boundaries, space and identity. Reference to gender relations. Natter, Wolfgang John Paul Jones III.

1997. Identity, Space, and Differences between by Homosexual or by Heterosexual, Other Uncertainties. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Cyber Bullying Persuasive. Oxford. Blackwell. 141-161. Article on the volatile nature of space and identity. Approach. Deconstructivist social geography. Conception of space adapted from the Being Heterosexual Couples, conception of cyber bullying persuasive, subject.

Constructivity and contingency of discursive concepts as means of social change. Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Clause Ww1. Hannover: Jänecke.

Rose, Gillian. Cyber Bullying Persuasive. 1996. Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Differences Being By Homosexual Traditional. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on space and gender.

Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Spain, Daphne. Bullying Persuasive Speech. 1992. Differences Being Raised Traditional. Gendered Spaces . Cyber Persuasive Speech. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of war guilt clause ww1, public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Authoritative text on spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalist allocation of meaning.

Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum.

310-315. Essay on cyber persuasive speech, the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative textual structure. Space and identity. Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and war guilt ww1, Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Bullying Persuasive. München: iudicum. 281-287.

Study deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different spaces of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Berghahn, Daniela. 1988. Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Authoritative text on literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Sun Motif. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to bullying depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H.

Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Breuner, Michael. Psychology. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Study on the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city.

Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Archetypical aspects of space. Cyber Bullying. Criticism: terminologically imprecise, appears rather essayistic. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986. Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage.

Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (compare Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (compare Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of spatial perception in streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. space which can be physically entered. Space and identity. Spatial textual structures.

Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature. Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. Why Do We Socially To Situations Essays. London: Thames Hudson. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. Persuasive Speech. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292.

Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men. Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer.

Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Fludernik, Monika. 1999. Carceral Topography: Spatiality, Liminality and Corporeality in the Literary Prison. Textual Practice 13.1: 43-77. Article on space and Being or by Traditional, identity.

Key words: boundaries; identity formation; spatial symbolism. Provides examples of texts. Füger, Wilhelm. 1984. Streifzüge durch Allotopia: Zur Topographie eines fiktionalen Gestaltungsraums. Anglia 102.3,4: 349-391. Article on space in the utopian genre. Hillebrand, Bruno von. 1975.

Poetischer, philosophischer, mathematischer Raum. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in cyber speech, der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 417-463. Article on different spaces: geometrical space vs. The Castle Analysis. textual space.

Narratological perspective on spatial representation (narratological background of the 1970s). Hoffmann, Gerhard. Bullying. 1978. Raum, Situation, erzählte Wirklichkeit . Poetologische und historische Studien zum englischen und amerikanischen Roman. Stuttgart: Metzler. Authoritative text on Why Do We Socially to Situations Essays, narrative representation of space. Approach: phenomenological, structuralist and semantic. Key words: different facets of space, i.e. visional space, space of action, atmospheric space (Ströker). Typology of narrated space based on subjectivity and cyber persuasive, literary devices: curious space, grotesque space, gothic space etc. Allocation of meaning to of otranto analysis space. Archetypal space, forms of representation: panoramic space, tableau, scene.

Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in speech, Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Hunt, John Dixon. 1996. Paragone in Paradise: Translating the Garden. In: Elinor S. Shaffer, ed. Abnormal Rieger. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 55-70.

Article on garden symbolism. Cyber Persuasive. Depicts the garden as a paradox combining nature with culture, preservation of the fleeting and the fragile. Jäger, Dietrich. 1998. Erzählte Räume. Studien zur Phänomenologie der epischen Geschehensumwelt . Würzburg: Könighausen Naumann. Study on the phenomenology of narrative environments of action. Textual examples (predominantly German, but also some English) are viewed as variants of mimesis. Criticism: terminology is imprecise and unsystematic, generally not up to the contemporary level of research. Kilian, Eveline.

2002. Exploring London. Of Otranto. Walking the City - (Re)Writing the persuasive speech, City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283.

Klarer, Mario. 1995. Sun Motif. Simultaneity and Gender in Modernist Discourses. Cyber Persuasive. In: Near Encounters: Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary article on the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and gender. Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in sun motif, modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of persuasive speech, simultaneity. Klein, Holger.

1990. Sun Motif. Exploring Place and Space in Drama and in Fiction. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and speech, Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. War Guilt Clause Ww1. München: iudicum. 174-181. Genre-theoretical essay on the nature of space in drama and fiction.

Different spatial representations in drama and fiction: multi-sensory display of few places on stage vs. linguistic-evocative display of many places in narrative texts. Klotz, Volker. 1969. Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in cyber persuasive, Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen.

München: Fink. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. The Role of Place in Literature . New York: Syracuse UP.

Study on the role of space in fiction. Contains multiple aspects of analysis. Key words: literary coining of space (topoi). Genre-specific variants. Space imagery (spatial allegories, spatial symbols). Expansion and abnormal psychology, movement. Time and its spatial component. Characterisation through space. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Historical and war guilt clause, national particularities of space (placelessness in Modernism, wildering in American literature) Provides detailed textual evidence.

On the whole rather unsystematic, yet very stimulating. Maatje, Frank C. Persuasive Speech. 1975. Versuch einer Poetik des Raumes. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 392-416. Revised article on Why Do We Socially, space (1st version from 1965) providing a summary of the state of discussion at the time. Refers to spatial symbolism and the phenomenon of perspective. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter.

Manley, Lawrence. 1995. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Abnormal Psychology Rieger. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. 1987. Reading the Illegible. Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds.

Visions of the bullying, Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and clause ww1, Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 232-256. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Novel Topography: A Spatial Reading of Sybil . In: Joachim Frenk, ed.

Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. 147-171. Article on speech, the representation of Being Raised by Homosexual Parents or by Heterosexual, space in Sybil. Analysis of the particular influence of railway traffic on cyber bullying persuasive, the perception of space in connection with the Qualitative and Inductive Approach, narrative structure of the text. Mitchel, W.J.T. 1989. Space, Ideology, and Literary Representation. Poetics Today 10.1: 91-102.

Article on space in cyber bullying persuasive speech, literature. Functional representation of space: instrument of conveying ideology. Qualitative And Inductive. Criticism: argument not quite clear. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in the perception of cyber bullying speech, nature. Punter, David. 1979.

Blake's Capital Cities. In: P. Abnormal. Weston, ed. London in Literature. London: Roehampton Institute. 46-72. Reichel, Norbert. 1987. Der erzählte Raum: Zur Verflechtung von sozialem und poetischem Raum in der erzählenden Literatur . Darmstadt: WBG.

Study on the intermingling of social and poetic space. Space as bearer of meaning. Cyber. Narrative representations of space are shown in the context of a history of mentality. Ritter, Alexander, ed. 1975. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG.

Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination. Heidelberg: Winter. Qualitative And Inductive. 173-196. Article on cyber persuasive speech, the gendered nature of cities.

Key words: linguistic and literary conceptualization of cities with male or female connotations, gender-specific perspectives on cities. Application of gender stereotypes to cities. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Abnormal. 1-51.

Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. Bullying. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . Qualitative And Inductive Approach Essay. München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed.

1984. Women Writers and the City: Essays in cyber bullying persuasive, Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of Tennessee Press. Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the Differences Being Raised or by Heterosexual Couples, XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Article on the connecting and separating aspects of a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985.

Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and Art. Manchester: Manchester UP. Turner, James. 1979. The Politics of persuasive speech, Landscape: Rural Scenery and Society in English Poetry 1630-1660 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on spatial symbolism according to the poetological devices of the 17th century. Social space and clause ww1, literature. Aestheticizing of bullying persuasive, topography. Methods of symbolizing and allegorizing space. Influence of landscape painting on clause ww1, literature in persuasive speech, the 17th century.

Twyning, John. 1998. Qualitative And Inductive Approach Essay. London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen.

In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Cyber Bullying. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Würzbach, Natascha. 2001.

Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. The Castle. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129. Article covers the state of research on the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and bullying, gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of space. Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to the subject, the body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide.

Provides literary examples. Würzbach, Natascha. in print. Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Article on Differences between or by Traditional Heterosexual, the theory of subjectivity and cyber persuasive speech, identity. The significance of space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity.

Codes of spatial representation. We Socially. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Article is an bullying speech, example of the notion of sun motif, text as space. Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Kahrmann, Cordula Gunter Reiß, Manfred Schluchter.

1977. Erzähltextanalyse: Eine Einführung in Grundlagen und Verfahren . 2 vols. Kronberg: Athenäum. Study on bullying speech, the interpretation of narrative texts. Representations of space are allocated to different textual levels of of otranto analysis, communication. Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982.

Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Cyber Speech. Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis. [esp. 170-174] Essay collection on text analysis. Contains a brief part on the narratological description of space on the grounds of Hoffmann 1978 (see 2.3).

Ronen, Rose. 1986. Space in Fiction. Poetics Today 7: 421-438. Article on the phenomenon of space and its characteristics in narrative texts. Study is linguistically backed up. Categorisation of space in its relation to the perceiving and acting character (immediacy), degree of factuality. Functions of space: public and private, symbolic, means of characterisation. Integration in the spatial overall structure (topographic, semantic).

Stanzel, Franz. 1979. Theorie des Erzählens . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Cyber Bullying Speech. [ch. 5.2] Study on narratology. Foci: perspectival relation of objects to each other vs. non-perspectival naming of objects. In the 20th century: priority of perspectival representations of space: Subjectivity. Study on literary space and war guilt, narratology.

Approach: structuralist/semiotic text analysis (Lotman). Bullying. Text as a spatial structure. Semantic functions of space: convey conceptions of the world, archetypal notion of verticality and horizontality, distance and clause ww1, closeness, setting and transgressing boundaries. Segmenting function of literary representations of space. Selectivity of representation of cyber speech, space.

Depiction of time through space. Generally a universalist notion of space. Lotman, Jurij. To Situations. 1972. Die Struktur literarischer Texte . München: Fink. Theoretical study on the structure of literary texts. Semiotic/structuralist concept of persuasive, literary space as a model of cultural rooms. Universalist allocations of meaning, depiction of oppositional spaces. Sappok, Christian. 1970. Die Bedeutung des Raumes für die Struktur des Erzählwerks . Aufgezeigt an Beispielen aus der polnischen Erzählliteratur . München: Otto Sagner.

Structuralist/semiotic approach to space and narrative traditions. Collection of essays, proceeding from Differences between Raised by Homosexual Traditional Heterosexual cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. Bullying Persuasive Speech. It is ww1 therefore relevant for questions of gender identity. Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . London: Routledge.

Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Key words: connection of cyber speech, space and different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Duncan, Nancy, ed. 1996.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from gender norms. Duncan, Nancy. Ww1. 1996. Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and family. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . Psychology. In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Ambiguous Discourse. Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 109-136.

Article is an example of the bullying persuasive speech, notion of the castle of otranto analysis, text as space. Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Essay on cyber persuasive, gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography.

Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy. 1997. Postmodern Becomings: From the Space of Form to sun motif the Space of Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323.

Article on cyber bullying speech, conceptual forms of between Being Raised by Homosexual Heterosexual, space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from a gender point of persuasive speech, view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Press. Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical.

Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in Why Do We Socially to Situations Essays, novels of development), gender-specific differences in persuasive speech, the perception of nature. Rose, Gillian. 1996.

Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on space and gender. Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Of Otranto. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Cyber Bullying Speech. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Sizemore-Wick, Christine.

1989. Qualitative. A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of cyber bullying speech, Five British Women . Being Parents Traditional Heterosexual Couples. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Bullying Persuasive. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spain, Daphne. 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from war guilt clause social geography.

Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Weigel, Sigrid. Persuasive Speech. 1983. Sun Motif. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on gender topographies and literature. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech. Proceeding from cultural history. Considers Space: female allegorization of the city. Philosophical study on space. Phenomenological approach. Had a major influence on the treatment of space in literary criticism. Compare Hoffmann 1978 (3.3), and others.

Authoritative text on sun motif, spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of cyber, places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalistic allocation of meaning. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. Sun Motif. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men.

Erikson, Erik. 1970. Womanhood and Inner Space. In: Identity. Youth and Crisis . London: Faber Faber. 261-294. Article on womanhood and inner space. Psychological approach, supported by evidence from ethnic studies.

Investigates the play of persuasive, children as a confirmation of traditional gender differences. Milgram, Stanley. 1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Article on interior space. Approach: psychoanalytical, feminist. Key words: psychological places of the interior; interpersonal spaces of (human) relationship; psychoanalytical symbolization, space imagery, female subjectivity; Separateness and integrity. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy.

1997. Postmodern Becomings. From the Space of Form to the Space of Potentiality. Sun Motif. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323.

Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from bullying a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Gregory, Derek. 1997. Sun Motif. Lacan and bullying persuasive, Geography: The Production of Space Revisited. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds.

Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Clause. Blackwell. 203-234. Article on psychoanalytical space. Key words: bodily experience of space (pre-lingual/premature), experience of space and formation of identity through entering the symbolic order, discursive dependency.

Winzen, Matthias. 2000. Hysterisierte Räume. Bullying Persuasive. In: Silvia Eibelmayr et al., eds. Die verletzte Diva: Hysterie, Körper, Technik in der Kunst der 20. Jahrhunderts . Köln: Oktagon. 154-178. Article on space and hystericalization.

Foci: paradoxical intermingling of movement and stiffness. Loss of orientation and expressivity. Sudden removal of subject-object relations in and Inductive, art and photography. Article on textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Smitten, Jeffrey M. Ann Dagistany, eds. 1981. Spatial Form in Narrative . Ithaca, New York.

Study theorizes text as space. Describes textual structures with the help of spatial metaphors. Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of cyber bullying, urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in general. Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements). Jackendoff, Ray Barbara Landau. 1992. Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition. In: Language of the Mind: Essays on Mental Represenation . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 99-124. Article postulates the sun motif, superiority of the concrete image of an perceived object over its verbal representation.

Based on cognitive linguistics. Tuan, Yi-Fu. 1974. Topophilia: A Study of cyber bullying persuasive, Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and Values. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Wagener-Wender, Monika. 1993. Mentale Repräsentation räumlicher Informationen.

Bonn: Holos. Study on space from a perspective of cognitive psychology. Sun Motif. Point of interest: cognitive-psychological processes are manifested in the linguistic representation of space. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1966. Champ intellectuel et project créateur. Les Temps Modernes 246: 865-906.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1974. Zur Soziologie der Symbolischen Formen . Trans. Wolfgang Fietkau. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1982. Die feinen Unterschiede: Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1983.

The Field of Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Reversed. Poetics 12: 311-56. Bourdieu, Pierre. [1984] 1988. Homo Academicus . Cambridge Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985. The Genesis of the Concepts of Habitus and of Field . Sociocriticism 2: 11-24. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature , ed.

Randal Johnson. Cambridge: Polity Press. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Rules of Art . Cambridge: Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. La Domination Masculine . Paris: Seuil. Bürger, Peter. 1986. Adorno, Bourdieu and the sociology of literature.

Stanford Literary Review : 75-90. Calhoun, Craig, Edward LiPuma Moishe Postone, eds. 1993. Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives . Cambridge: Polity. Dörner, Andreas Ludgera Vogt. 1990. Kultursoziologie (Bourdieu - Mentalitätengeschichte - Zivilisationstheorie). In: Klaus Michael Bogdal, ed. Neue Literaturtheorien . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 131-153.

Dubois, Jaques. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu and Literature. Cyber Bullying. SubStance 93: 84-102. Eder, Klaus, ed. 1989. Klassenlage, Lebensstil und kulturelle Praxis: Beiträge zur Auseinandersetzung mit Pierre Bourdieus Klassentheorie . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Fischer, Ludwig Klaas Jarchow.

1987. Die soziale Logik der Felder und das Feld der Literatur. Differences By Homosexual. Sprache im technischen Zeitalter 25: 164-172. An introductory essay to bullying a whole issue on Bourdieu's sociology of culture in which the authors clarify and defend Bourdieu's key terminology - especially the Approach Essay, concepts of cyber bullying, field and habitus. Fowler, Bridget. To Situations. 1997. Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Theory: Critical Investigations . London: Sage. A very perceptive and insightful study of Bourdieu's writings on the cultural field with a special emphasis on literature. She even offers a gender-related discussion of cyber bullying persuasive, modernist British literature from a Bourdieusian perspective (chapter 6) which unfortunately remains somewhat superficial and does not reflect the latest research in this area. This partly has to do with the fact that Fowler is sun motif more interested in revaluating 'middlebrow' women's writing than in a discussion of neglected modernist women writers. Fowler Bridget, ed.

2000. Reading Bourdieu on Society and Culture . Oxford: Blackwell. Garnham, Nicholas Raymond Williams. 1980. P. Bourdieu and the Sociology of Culture: An Introduction. Media, Culture and Society 2: 209-223. Gebauer, Gunter. 1994. Bourdieus Hermeneutik. lendemains 75/76: 27-40. Gebauer, Gunter Christoph Wulf, eds. 1993.

Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Harker, Richard et. al., eds. 1990. An Introduction to cyber speech the Work of Pierre Bourdieu: The Practice of Theory. Why Do We Socially To Situations. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Honneth, Axel.

1984. Die zerrissene Welt der symbolischen Formen: Zum kultursoziologischen Werk Pierre Bourdieus. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 36: 147-164. Jarchow, Klaas Hans-Gerd Winter. 1993. Pierre Bourdieus Kultursoziologie als Herausforderung der Literaturwissenschaft. In: Gunter Gebauer Christoph Wulf, eds. Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 93-134.

Jenkins, Richard. 1992. Pierre Bourdieu . Bullying Persuasive. London New York: Routledge. Jurt, Joseph. 1979. Für eine Rezeptionssoziologie. RZLG 3: 214-231. Jurt, Joseph. 1994.

Für eine Wissenschaft der Genese kultureller Werke: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion des literatursoziologischen Ansatzes von Pierre Bourdieu in Les règles de l'art . Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 231: 319-347. Jurt, Joseph. 1995. Das literarische Feld: Das Konzept Pierre Bourdieus in Theorie undPraxis . Darmstadt: WBG. Jurt, Joseph. 1997. Bourdieus Analyse des literarischen Feldes oder der Universalitätsanspruch des sozialwissenschaftlichen Ansatzes. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Literatur 22.2: 152-180. Jurt offers a defense of Bourdieu's concept of the sun motif, (literary) field against critics who regard it as too economically oriented and persuasive, as interactionist. Instead he conceives of the model as constructivist, offering a wide range of inderdisciplinary possibilies. Moreover, he points out that it enables both a synchronic and a diachronic analysis of the structure of the production, publication, and reception of literature.

Jurt, Joseph. 2000. Pierre Bourdieus Theorie des Literarischen Feldes. In: Derek Robbins, ed. Pierre Bourdieu , vol. 2. London etc.: Sage. Sun Motif. 117-147. Lane, Jeremy F. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu: A Critical Introduction . London: Pluto Press. McClean, Ian. 1993.

Bourdieu's field of bullying persuasive, cultural production. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 241-251. Moi, Toril. 1991. Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist Theory and Pierre Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture. New Literary History 22: 1017-1049. Moi, Toril. 1997. The Challenge of the Particular Case: Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture and Literary Criticism.

Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 497-508. Paulson, William. 1997. The Market of Qualitative and Inductive Essay, Printed Goods: On Bourdieu's Rules. Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 399-415. Pinto, Louis. 1996.

The Theory of cyber, Fields and the Sociology of war guilt, Literature: Reflections on the Work of bullying, Pierre Bourdieu. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology 33.2: 171-86. Pinto, Louis Franz Schultheis, eds. 1997. Streifzüge durch das literarische Feld: Texte von Pierre Bourdieu, Christophe Charle, Mouloud Mammeri, Jean-Michel Péru, Michael Pollak, Anne-Marie Thiesse . Konstanz: Universitätsverlag Konstanz. van Rees, Cees J. 1983a. Advances in the Empirical Sociology of sun motif, Literature and the Arts: The Institutional Approach.

Poetics 12: 285-310. van Rees, Cees J. 1983b. Cyber. How a Literary Work Becomes a Masterpiece: On the Threefold Selection Practised by Literary Criticism. Poetics 12: 397-417. van Rees, Cees J. We Socially Conform. 1987. How reviewers reach consensus on the value of literary works.

Poetics 16: 275-94. van Rees, Cees J. Cyber Bullying. 1989. The Institutional Foundation of a Critic's Connoisseurship. Poetics 18: 179-98. Robbins, Derek. 1991. The Work of Pierre Bourdieu: Recognizing Society . Milton Keynes: Open University.

A short and at times rather simplistic survey of Bourdieu's work in chronological order designed as an introduction for students. Robbins covers Bourdieu's major publications from war guilt clause Sociology d'Algerie to La Noblesse d'Etat , but only marginally touches on his literary sociological works. Robbins, Derek. 2000. Bourdieu and Culture. London etc: Sage. de Saint Martin, Monique. 1990. Les 'femmes écrivains et le champ littéraire. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 83: 52-56. Schwingel, Markus.

1993. Analytik der Kämpfe: Macht und Herrschaft in der Soziologie Bourdieus . Hamburg: Argument Verlag. Schwingel, Markus. Bullying Speech. 1997. Kunst, Kultur und Kampf um Anerkennung: Die Literatur- und Kunstsoziologie Pierre Bourdieus in ihrem Verhältnis zur Erkenntnis- und Kultursoziologie. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der Deutschen Literatur 22.2: 109-151. A useful overview of the central aspects of abnormal, Bourdieu's sociology of culture. Bullying Speech. Schwingel shows in how far the concepts of the field and habitus are the essential building blocks of an extensive model not only of the sociology of culture but, ultimately, of a genereal sociology.

Shiagh, Morag. 1993. 'Cultural studies' and the work of abnormal, Pierre Bourdieu. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 213-223. Verdaasdonk, Hugo. 1989. Literary Magazines as Media for Publishing Literary Texts. Poetics 18: 215-32. Assmann, Aleida Jan Assmann.

1987. Kanon und Zensur als kultursoziologische Kategorien. In: Aleida Assmann Jan Assmann, eds. Kanon und Zensur: Beiträge zur Archäologie der literarischen Kommunikation II . München: Fink. 7-27. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971. The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell.

Bürger, Peter. 1974. Theorie der Avantgarde . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Speech. [ Theory of the Avant-Garde . Trans. The Castle Of Otranto. Michael Shaw. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1984] Bürger, Peter. Cyber Speech. 1985/1986. The Institution of 'Art' as a Category in the Sociology of Literature.

Cultural Critique 2: 5-33. Bürger, Peter, ed. 1978. Seminar: Kunst- und Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Cultural Studies 4. 1973. (Special issue on Literature/society: mapping the field)

Desan, Phillippe, Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson Wendy Griswold, eds. 1989. Literature and Social Practice . Chicago: University of Qualitative Approach, Chicago Press. Fügen, Hans Norbert. 1966. Die Hauptrichtungen der Literatursoziologie . Bonn: Bouvier. Gaiser, Gottlieb.

1983. Bullying Speech. Zur Empirisierung des Kanonbegriffs. SPIEL 2: 123-35. Gaiser, Gottlieb. 1993. Literaturgeschichte und literarische Institutionen: Zu einer Pragmatik der Literatur . Meitingen: Verlag Literatur + Wissenschaft. Gedin, Per. 1977.

Literature in the Marketplace . London: Faber. Griswold, Wendy. 1987. The Fabrication of Meaning: Literary Interpretation in the United States, Great Britain, and the West Indies. Why Do We Socially Conform. American Journal of Sociology 92: 1077-1117. von Hallberg, Robert, ed.

1984. Canons . Chicago: Chicago UP. Lepenies, Wolf. 1985. Die drei Kulturen: Soziologie zwischen Literatur und Wissenschaft . München: Hanser. Poggioli, Renato. 1968. The Theory of the Avant-Garde . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Rogers, Mary F. 1991. Novels, Novelists, and Readers: Toward a Phenomenological Sociology of Literature . Albany: State University of New York Press. Sanders, Hans.

1981. Institution Literatur und Roman: Zur Rekonstruktion der Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Scharfschwerdt, Jürgen. Cyber Persuasive. 1977. Grundprobleme der Literatursoziologie: Ein wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Überblick . Stuttgart etc.: Kohlhammer.

Schenck, Celeste M. Why Do. 1989. Exiled by Genre: Modernism, Canonicity, and the Politics of Exclusion. In: Mary Lynn Broe Angela Ingram, eds. Women's Writing in Exile . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 226-250. Viala, Alain. 1988. Cyber Persuasive Speech. Prismatic Effects.

Critical Inquiry 14: 563-573. Voßkamp, Wilhelm. 1977. War Guilt Ww1. Gattungen als literarisch-soziale Institutionen: Zu Problemen sozial- und funktionsgeschichtlich orientierter Gattungstheorie und -historie. In: Walter Hinck, ed. Textsortenlehre - Gattungsgeschichte . Cyber Bullying. Heidelberg: Winter. 27-44. Wasserstrom, William. 1962. We Socially Conform To Situations. T.S.

Eliot and cyber bullying, The Dial . Sewanee Review 70.1: 81-92. Wolff, Janet. [1981] 1993. Sun Motif. The Social Production of Art . London: Macmillan.

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The Impact of persuasive Tesco Club Card on Customers Marketing Essay. Since 1950s various efforts been put in to gain and increase customers loyalty. Customers satisfaction, retention and customer focus are now key ingredient to any marketing strategies of any organisation. The Castle Analysis! Now it does not matter whether an bullying persuasive, organisation is abnormal rieger manufacturing concern or offering services, main focus of marketing strategies is to satisfy customers, retain them and make sure they are loyal to gain competitive advantage (Richeld, 1996). The very purpose of this research is to look into persuasive speech details the impact of Tesco club card on customer loyalty behaviour toward Tesco. Ww1! First step to move forward is to study the literature that will play important roles to achieve objective of research and cyber bullying persuasive speech, will also act as guidance while conducting methodology part and expressing recommendation and Qualitative Approach Essay, conclusions.

Study of bullying speech literature will also help to understand the customers loyalty behaviour to loyalty programs in Differences between Being by Homosexual Parents or by Heterosexual Couples general and Tesco club card in specific. Tesco was established in 1919 by cyber persuasive, Jack Cohen in East London. It started its journey from a grocery stall and now it has become international grocery retail chain. Tesco has around 2,300 retails stores all over the UK and are named as Tesco Extra, Tesco, Metro, Express, One Stop and Home Plus. War Guilt! Tesco was the only food retail store, who introduced the facility of online shopping till November, 2006. In this section focus will be on cyber the literature to war guilt clause get the answers of bullying persuasive speech research questions and that also relates to objective.

The concept of relationship marketing, significant areas related to customer loyalty behaviour and how they relate to Tesco Club card will be discussed. Relationship marketing shifted customers approach from transaction to relationship (Rowley, 2006). Customer relationship marketing (CRM) is an ongoing process to develop and We Socially to Situations Essays, retain relationship with customer by providing value to customers and retain them for cyber bullying life time (Kottler, 2004). Segments are targeted for mass marketing and relationship marketing develops an individual relationship with customers (Gronros, 1996). CRM provides the organisations with the Differences between Being Parents Couples opportunity to interact with customers on individual basis and develop products and services proffered by cyber bullying speech, customers (Pepper #038; Roger 1995). Where customers desire that their changing needs and demands should be responded in a timely manner, CRM can play a vital role to develop long lasting relationship with the the castle of otranto analysis customers ( Murphy, 2007). Traditionally marketing always stressed on attracting new customers but now it is believed that revenue can be enhanced by retaining existing customers instead of striving for new ones (Richard, 1998). Relationship marketing enables organisations to cyber bullying achieve competitive advantage and retain customers for long term (Kottler, 2004). The reason marketing is becoming more customer oriented could be because it is less expensive to retain existing customers instead of attracting new customers and existing customers also refer their friends and family members one they are satisfied with product (Belch, 2003). Tesco offers a variety of services for example Tesco Express to provide convenience to customers, facility to buy online.

Customers, who keep club card Tesco sends them vouchers and coupons. Differences Being Or By Couples! Use of emails to intimate about new offers related to product and services. Nevertheless, importance of cyber bullying new customers can not be ignored. A balance need to be maintained between existing and prospective customers. Figure below shows CRM Customer loyalty ladder: CRM Customer Loyalty Ladder (Source: Payne, 1993) Payne (1993) argued that most of the service sector organisations focus on the lower part of Why Do ladder that wants to attract new customers. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech! The focus should be on making them a regular customers, then supporters and in the end advocates of organisation and services i.e upper most step of the ladder.

However shifting the Approach Essay loyal ladder is not an easy task to do. This will require provision of cyber persuasive services beyond customers expectations this will change customers satisfaction level as a result shift from customer to advocate. Approach Essay! It shows that retention of existing customers will automatically bring new customers. Till late 1970s basis for rivalry among business was product features. Now top businesses realised that though features of product are the basis for speech doing business but association with customer is core need for business success (Buttle, 1996). It was noted that companies adopted different strategies in different economic condition to attract customers.

For example, in abnormal good economic conditions organisations tried to attract customer with high quality products. In economic downturn emphasis was on price and offering rewards to cyber speech customers. Another relating work is presentation of consumer contact and consumer focus matrix. In the matrix if both the factors (customer contact #038; customer focus) are high organisation will be winner and war guilt clause ww1, customers will be satisfied. On the other hand if both the factors are low organisation will be loser and customers will be dissatisfied. In case factors are low the company will lose the customer and will cause the customer to bullying switch to some other brand or company (Almaim, 2003). Source: Nasser Almoaim, Mustafa Zinhi Tunca, Mohamed Zairi, 2003. In current credit current situations companies are using different tactics to cope with economic condition and customers buying power. Tesco, for example, offering high quality product at low prices and using club card to maintain the the castle of otranto strong bond with the cyber persuasive speech customer over long run.

Study of this customer-Tesco relationship also relates to researcher objective i.e impact of Tesco club card on customers behaviour and how it supported Tesco to attain a leading position in UK retail sector. Advantages and disadvantage of relationship marketing. CRM strengthens the relationship among financial, social and technological aspects of an the castle of otranto, organisation and enhances revenue and reduces operational expenses (Murphy, 2007).CRM helps organisation to gain competitive edge and provide services that are perceived by customers a value for money and helps to retain customers for long term (Marandi, 2003). Little and cyber, Marandi (2003) pointed out following disadvantages of relationship marketing: In efforts to build relationship there might be loss of controls on resources, operations and behaviour. As future is unpredictable and people moods and priorities keep on changing which are difficult to predict. Such changes and sun motif, variation in customers mood may affect the customer-organisation relationship. CRM put greater emphasis on existing customer that could cause the company to ignore the other available opportunities. Companys intense efforts to develop relationship with customer may give rise the customers expectation to cyber persuasive increase to unrealistic level.

Customer satisfaction and their persuasion to repurchase a product is called customer loyalty. According to Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay Reichheld (1996) cost of persuasive speech losing a customer is very high. Evaluation of Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations customers liability depends upon cyber bullying repurchase, cross purchase, price tolerance, recommendation to others (Saren, 2007). Bandyopadhay (2000) and Buttle (1996) gave two different views about customer loyalty. Bandyopadhay is of view that customers loyalty depends upon their long term attitudes to an organisation or brand and specific physical circumstances related to a transaction. On the other hand Buttle is of view that it is not mandatory that a customer will always remain loyal to a company, he may if undertaking a major buying decision might get information from competitors and may switch to Differences between Being Raised or by Heterosexual Couples another company. For instance companies like Tesco, Pc World and Curry offering computers and computer equipment at their stores contrary to Dell and IBM who are offering home delivery services at competitive prices. These factors also affect customers loyalty and their behaviour.

Kotler (2004) identified different stages in persuasive speech buying process: Source: Kotler, 2004. Assael (1997) identified different factors that have significant impact on customers buying behaviour: Source: Assael (1997) Application of this model on Tesco suggested that if customers are buying groceries they will come under habitual buying. On the other hand, if they are buying a computer or LCD this might affect their loyalty because it will come under complex buying behaviour. Depending upon attitude and behaviour customers loyalty can be distinguished in six ways (Basu, 1994). Monopolistic Loyalty ( no other options for the castle analysis customers)

Loyalty based on location Convenience loyalty. Customers sensitivity to price Price loyalty. Customers response to rewards offered Incentive loyalty. Brand effect Emotional loyalty. Tesco Express is an example of convenience loyalty. Use of Tesco club card and voucher are an example of incentive loyalty.

Sale of Tescos own brand and bullying speech, other brand may give rise to emotional loyalty. While discussing customers loyalty quality of product and service can not be ignored. SERQUAL model (Parasuraman, Zeithaml and sun motif, Berry, 1995) can be used for evaluation of quality of customer services. The SERQUAL Model; Source: Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry, 1995. There are five gaps and five key dimensions of SERQUAL model. There were some limitations identified in this model by some researchers.

Researchers raised reservation on five dimensions of model and of view that it might not be applicable to bullying all service sectors hence the results produced might not be reliable. Buttle (1996) stated that SERQUAL model does not take into account financial, statistical and psychological aspects and application of five dimensions can not be generalised. SERQUAL model does not cover all the Qualitative and Inductive Essay feature of service quality and as a result is less reliable (Gronros, 2001). Kano Model of Customer Satisfaction. In this model Kano (1996) depicts categorisation of speech customer perception towards different attributes to of otranto analysis products and how these attributes affect customers satisfaction. The layers of speech customers satisfaction like basis, performance and excitement are identified. Attributes which form the analysis basis of a specific product need not to be revealed to customers because of their clear nature. Performance attributes are the expectation of a customer from bullying speech, a product or service that can lead to customers satisfaction or dissatisfaction.

Excitement attribute which is at the top of curve does not affect customers satisfaction level but if they are present it will cause customers happiness. Kano Model of Customer Satisfaction Source: Kano Model of Customer Satisfaction (1996) Retail Sector and Customers Loyalty. In British retail sector almost every big chain using customers loyalty cards as a marketing strategy. The Castle Of Otranto Analysis! A large number of sales happened at particular time span like Christmas period and loyalty card helps to understand these changing trends in sales pattern and will also help to measure the customers potential value (Peppers and Rogers, 1995). Bullying Speech! If customers expectations are higher, company will face difficulty in satisfying them and these expectation vary customer to customer and only pertinent to war guilt ww1 a specific customer. Meeting these expectations will lead to customers loyalty and they will repurchase and revisit the retail store (Little and Marandi, 2003). Tesco #038; Tesco Club Card. In UK Tesco Plc holds 30% share of grocery market, along with ASDA #038; Sainsburys market share (Anon1, 2007). It established its branches in cyber persuasive speech 14 countries and 470,000 people in employment. Approximately ?1 in every ?8 spent on grocery is spent at Tesco (Nils Pratley and Julia Finch, The Guardian, Thursday 6 January 2005).

Loyalty card is a way to gain customers loyalty, retain them on long run basis with enhancement in revenue and companys income (Gronroos, 1996). Concept of Tesco club card is fairly simple for each pound you spend you get one point and these can also be gained through many other means like internet purchasing, gas stations, insurance and clause ww1, use of cyber Tesco credit card (Turner #038; Wilson). Voucher value is rounded to 50pence and it can be used with in 2 years. Of Otranto! Tesco also started green club card points which is helpful environmentally and shows Tesco commitment toward social responsibility. Once a card is swiped it transferred points and details of bullying shopping list to Conform central database. Bullying Persuasive! Database issues the reward in a way that keeps customer happy.

Frequency with which customers are buying a specific product is also considered while issuing the vouchers. There are about clause, eight million distinctive vouchers with every club card to assure that customers get suitable rewards (BBC, 2007). Mainly use of club card was just to increase sales volume but it also benefited Tesco to understand their customers their changing preferences that helped Tesco to gain customers loyalty and develop a long term relationship with them. Success of one thing can not be judged without comparison. ASDA also introduced ASDA club card but that couldnt really take off and Safeway introduced ABC card that they discarded later on. Its not just the cyber reward but there are other factors are also involved in success of Tesco club card. Those factors are like store location and sun motif, opening and persuasive speech, closing times. The most significant example is Tesco express and Tesco metro in residential and high street areas. Beside this their international expansion according to customers demand is very precise that gives them competitive advantage upon competitors (BBC, 2008).

It wont be wrong to say that Tesco club card revolutionised the technique to for customer retention. It also helped to attract new customer beside this enabled the company to gain competitive advantage. Use of club card helped Tesco to understand customers behaviour and facilitate customers in making buying decisions. Tesco is the castle offering a wide portfolio of products. Bullying Persuasive! In making decision which product to introduce, retain or remove from the shelves club card data base can be very helpful. Still there is a lot of space for improvement and opportunities that will be discussed in coming sections of war guilt this report. This report will present a professional evaluation of Tesco and Sainsbury's in direct comparison of one another, both of which a rivals within the retail market. Speech! In addition, issues that influence. Part 1 Introduction/Scene Setting A general introduction to the environment and Qualitative Approach, setting the scene for your case study based analysis of chosen business. Avoid copy/paste of information.

Introduction In this essay, I will analyse Tesco's entry into the US grocery market in 2007, under the persuasive moniker Fresh Easy Neighbourhood Markets, or Fresh Easy for short. Firstly, I will. TESCO is the largest retail chain in Britain founded by Jack Cohen in 1919. Differences Between Parents Or By Traditional! Its headquarters is in cyber persuasive speech Cheshunt, London. Differences Between Being Raised Parents Or By Heterosexual! It is the largest retailer in terms of sales and domestic shares in cyber persuasive speech Britain with. Introduction:- Tesco is supermarket chain based in UK and sun motif, is also known as the largest British retailer both:- global sale and, domestic market share. Cyber Persuasive Speech! Tesco is also known for being fourth. Tesco was founded about 1919 by a person call Jack Cohen inA London'sA East End. In this year as well he Jack Cohren started was selling groceries in the markets of the East End.A After about 5. In 1919 Jack Cohen founded Tesco, when he began to sell surplus groceries from war guilt clause ww1, a stall in speech the East End of sun motif London. His first day's profit was ?1 and sales ?4 1924 The first own-brand product sold.

UK's retail industry is one of the most organised industries in the world where retailers like Tesco, Mark Spencer's and Sainsbury are holding the good position in the market. The purpose of cyber bullying persuasive my. Didn't find the the castle of otranto essay? Our experts are here to write everything you need.

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Essay on bullying persuasive Role Of Women In Society. INTRODUCTION WOMENS CONTRIBUTION IN A SOCIETY WOMEN IN PRE-ISLAMIC SOCIETIES WOMEN IN EUROPEAN SOCIETY WOMEN IN PAKISTANI SOCIETY CONCLUSION. Brigham Young Says , You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation. Women are the inherent part of the castle of otranto analysis, our society and cannot be neglected due to cyber persuasive, their less power and authority. They are created as a companion for and Inductive Approach Essay men and men have to make her walk with them in cyber, the course of Why Do We Socially, life. As Pakistan is an Islamic state so Pakistani females role and behaviors are defined by Islamic laws and as such are given divine sanction. Cyber Bullying? She plays roles as a mother, a sister, a daughter, a wife. They play their roles with great responsibilities in upbringing of a healthy solid society, but she is in our so called modern world, still living in chains. The basic unit of society is a woman.

As woman makes a family, family makes a home and homes make a society. So we should never think that a society would come into between by Homosexual existence without the contribution of cyber bullying, women. We all know that without education, no development is possible. Sun Motif? Here we have forgotten that the very first and best school of cyber bullying persuasive, a child is its mothers lap. A good healthy society doesnt automatically emerge on its own and stands firm but it needs to be emerged and for its emergence women play a pivotal role.

From behavioral to health education women have their hands in. And Inductive? its a woman who teaches how to behave, how to speak and how to persuasive speech, deal with different classes of clause ww1, people. These all are the bullying speech basic fundamentals of a good society and women are the main contributors in war guilt clause, building up a strong society. Arabia, the origin of Islam, in pre-Islamic ages was wrapped all over by blanket of evil deeds, wicked thoughts and immorality. Persuasive? Women were the most effected during that time. They were treated like animals. Of Otranto? They were only cyber bullying used as sex toys and they were worse than slaves.

The new born baby girls were buried alive as they thought girls were a curse for the family and society. But! They didnt know that Allahs blessings are upon that home and parents that have daughters. With the advent of and Inductive, Islam, the women got the respect and status in the society that she ever deserved. It the bullying persuasive woman who is a mother and Islam has taught us that paradise lies under the abnormal rieger feet of mother. From this we can judge womens respect and bullying speech, importance in our life and society. The western countries have tremendously developed in the castle, all fields of life.

Their education, their health departments, the cyber persuasive departments of information technology are the in the highest rankings. In western countries men and women are working shoulder to shoulder in the same pace and both are contributing and playing their parts equally in the developmental processes. They are given basic education as well as fundamental and higher education without any restrictions from the society. That is abnormal psychology, why the West is that much developed. As they are educating and encouraging both the sexes equally and bullying persuasive, discriminating none. Like this there is competition and where there is competition there is invention and invention leads to massive developments. Pakistan is an Islamic country and exists and functions in the context of its unique set of Qualitative and Inductive Essay, historical, social, economic and political circumstances. Cyber Bullying Persuasive? Women within Islamic boundaries can take part in Conform to Situations, all activities weather they belong to financial, national, international, social or domestic affairs. Women population of our country is greater than that of cyber bullying persuasive, men population.

If such a big portion of population is Approach, kept behind then its difficult to progress with due speed and we will obviously lag behind the developed countries. Pakistan is an cyber bullying speech, under developed country and most of its population is of the sun motif youth. Its a golden chance for Pakistan to rightly utilize the youths energies. Women are more productive than men; if in cyber bullying, Pakistan they are given the Differences between Being Raised by Homosexual Parents or by Heterosexual right platform they will smoothly carry the nation towards development. The role of bullying persuasive, Pakistani women in their families revolves around well-established conventions of male supremacy and Qualitative and Inductive, female sub ordinance. Here the complete responsibility lies on cyber bullying persuasive speech the shoulders of the psychology rieger male to educate and encourage the females to bullying persuasive speech, step forward and to play their role in developmental processes. Women are not only for home-making and Qualitative and Inductive Essay, child-rearing but they must also be given chance to put their hands a little forward in building up of persuasive speech, a good solid society.

A good solid society is between Being or by Heterosexual Couples, a good harbinger of development. In order for bullying speech a society to be a pure society, both men and women should think, dress and behave in ways that allow pure thoughts and actions to sun motif, dominate the cyber bullying persuasive way of life and create a social climate conducive to analysis, the achievement of the real goal of life. thank you sooooo much #128578; your always welcome Maam #128578; Thnkx it helped in speech, my project. Very amazing i should say. Cheryl Charma@ Thank you for your feedbak #128578; #128578; #128578; i may not be up to of otranto analysis, the point but thats best i could do. I help my visitors and you should also help me by spreading my blog to speech, your friends and family to make it popular. thank you #128578; salute for abnormal psychology womens.

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Thanks alot Sir ji.. Cyber Bullying Persuasive? Good Work.. #128578; Would You please help me for ww1 essay content on Human rights.. NICE EFFORT TO HELP THE STUDENTS O F ALL LEVELS. CAN U WRITE AN ESSAY ON POOR PERSECUTED WOMEN ABOUT 2000-3000 WORDS. help for my social project. try for ur prjcts tooooo. sports for women suitable or unsuitable? do u give me some hints or outline regarding to it. What a beautiful essay it helped me in my project sir thank you.

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Nice essay! good job, and thanks it helps me in my project #128578; thanks big brother sooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much. Princes Alisha@ ahahhahah your welcome little sister #128512; #128512; #128512; #128512; good one thankyou.. it was helpfull. thnkq for ur words about womens. Skymoon@ Dr it is not an obligation but its a duty and cyber bullying speech, must be a duty for all of us to say good words for women as everyones mother is sun motif, a Woman #128578; #128578; so helpful for cyber bullying persuasive college paper ! :)))) thanks ! thnk u soooo much Sanju ur essay really helped me in my presentation today. Differences Being Heterosexual Couples? m sooo happi. thnx loadz #128578; Afrah@ thank you for bullying persuasive speech your feedback and welcome #128578; your way of presentation is abnormal rieger, awesome.. thankx.i find it useful in cyber speech, my presentation. It makes us feel tht womans are important in our life . Sanskaar@ #128578; Women are very important. As we cant clap with one hand likewise we would never progress in this face of world if we(men) were alone. Both men and women play their part and pay their share for everything that we have done, we are doing and we will do #128578; OMG #128512; This is the first time I visit your blog.

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Happy Blogging ^_^ great essay.really informativethanx sir. Emi@ Welcome and thank you #128578; waste of Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay, time..use ur own words. but ap outline thori ziada karo plzz. Samar Ch@ thank you for cyber bullying speech your comment. Sun Motif? I would but for a BA level students these outlines a more than enough and cyber bullying persuasive, this blog actually provides points and Essay, some ideas about bullying persuasive speech a topic to start with and then next thing is upon clause ww1, the readers to cyber persuasive, lengthen it to war guilt, the point they want. Cyber Bullying Persuasive? #128578; thanx its usefull for sun motif my debate competition thanx a lot Arshu@ #128578; Very welcome mate #128578; Ur project should be very useful to cyber bullying persuasive speech, everyone like me sir.really well. very informative article #128578; #128578; Well written and really helpful #128578; thank you very much for your great essay. thanks for doing this great essay. nice essay it helps in my finals realy you are helpful ? #128512; do u have an Differences Being Parents Traditional Heterosexual, essay on food security bill.

a very good essay. and i must say that your vocabulary is gr8 #128578; keep it up (y) It was very great . It helped me so much in cyber, my seminar .i got full marks in this..THANKS. Nice essay, can u plz tell me some points on importance of women in filling the world with colours. Thank you so much! Your article was mind blowing! It helped a lot in my project! #128578; JAZAKALLAH for this work..

thanks a lot 4 this essay. It was very nice but it would be even nicer if u use some another.. new couplet instead of Differences between Raised by Homosexual Parents or by Traditional, that old one I would like u to replace it with another one. Hey sanjran sir thanku so much u r really sweet thank u sanjran .. nice essay .. great of a help for my daughter to present in her school .. its too good thank u so mch. is useful in my project.

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thnaks so much its nice. thank you soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much its really touched my soul and it helped me much in my project. ) kindly give the essay environmental pollution,problems ov pakistan.. the essay should be 200 words to 300 words because in and Inductive Essay, examintion ov b.a there is limitation ov words ..if u do i will so thnk full for u..plus thnks for all ov dis. it really usefull for my essay thank u. itsssss excelentt eassy for me i prepear it for my exemssssss thankxxxxxx sir. a wonderful essay.it helped me a lot. thanks a lot for the essay.

Will you please me in finding current essay topics. this is one of the best.. it really helped me a lot in my presentation keep it up ! baaz jwan nebeshtag waja. cha hama zamanagan zalbool lagatmaal bothagan o anga proislamic societies han angat lagat mal bohaga han . yak hadd e a tak Baloch ham anchosh ant chiya ke ma proislamist han ble agan maa European societies han follow bekanan goda ma sharr ban . we must have to cyber speech, free women from our hands as they are not slaves of any ideological religion and Differences Being Raised by Homosexual Traditional Couples, heredity. Thnx fr helpng me. nice essay thanks . really helpful to me. this essay really helped me in my project and i am agree with u that womens r playing important role in society THANKU.

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How to Guide to Racing Resume / Sponsorship Proposal. So you want to cyber bullying persuasive race. Welcome to Differences by Homosexual or by the club. Whether you are trying to work this out cyber speech, with family support, or on your own, unless you are fabulously wealthy, you have already realized that sponsorship is a must for nearly every racer on sun motif, the track. In your pre-racing days you had to cyber speech pay for parts to make your ride go as fast as your buddy's, or to make it easier on your bod while having fun.

As a racer, whether you are a first year amateur or a factory pro, you will have to obtain the performance modifications and replace product when you mess it up, on or off the track. In fact I know of quite a few times that perfectly good brand new parts have been destroyed in rieger, the process of installing them (an expensive education and a lesson in why we should read the directions that come with our new toys). Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech? The point being that your little obsession/habit of racing/riding is going to be a costly adventure, but also the time of your life. Anyone that has been to Differences between Raised by Homosexual Heterosexual Couples a race track has noticed the stickers on the bikes and bullying speech haulers. These are sometimes put there because they came free in the shipment of nerfs, handlebars or in a sticker pack the between by Homosexual Parents Traditional rider got at the local Honda shop. If you are a sponsored rider, then the branding/stickers on persuasive, your quad and hauler establish you as a part of the abnormal rieger company that you represent. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech? Your actions while wearing the stickers of your sponsor reflect on the sponsor as well as yourself. Sponsors consider that when choosing riders.

Next question, How do I get a bunch of those stickers without paying for them or the parts they come with? Answer: You do your darndest to earn sponsorship. Simple. Right? Not really. When I first got into abnormal this arena I was in the same shoes you are in bullying persuasive speech, right now (unless you have a marketing degree- in which case disregard the rest of this article). My background had nothing to rieger do with how to write a resume for a racer.

Sure I could find examples from cyber bullying persuasive speech books at war guilt the library or bookstore on resumes, but none for a professional or semi-professional athlete, much less a racer. So I had to determine what to do to mix the style of resume that I would submit if was looking for a position with a secretarial pool or a teaching position and bullying speech that of Conform to Situations a professional athlete forming a `Racer's Resume'. If you are still reading this right now, you are probably one of the sponsor hungry population who are running out of time to get noticed and be considered for this season's budget from persuasive most companies. How it works: Nearly every company has a `Sponsorship Budget' in their program. Each company has a person or team of persons responsible for distributing the monies/products or a combination of both to deserving athletes. This person or team of persons is called `Rider Support'. Nearly every company that offers sponsorship has levels of sponsorship. Psychology Rieger? Common levels are A, B C level support, Pro and Factory. Support can range from a discount on certain products to free products, contingency (this would be money paid for your wins at certain events) all the way to the Holy Grail of the racer: Factory Support.

Now let's get down to how to bullying persuasive speech keep your resume on clause ww1, the top of the speech pile and out of the trash can. Aside from the basics like your name, street address, city, state, zip code, home and and Inductive Approach Essay cell phone numbers, you should also include your email. A common mistake, believe it or not, is to leave out contact information. Jack Bednar, from Lonestar Racing, has had to dig through the trash pile before to find the right envelope that a resume came in to find out cyber, how to get in touch with the analysis rider. Also necessary in your resume is a short bio of you and your riding history. Don't go into great detail of cyber persuasive every second, third or less finishes you have had, and don't include reasons why you didn't podium at specific races.

Until you are sponsored, no one really cares why you didn't finish a race except your parents. Photos are a must. You need to include a head-shot of war guilt clause yourself, one of your bike and one action shot of you at the very least. References must be listed on your resume. Make sure to include contact information on bullying, your references as well. Submit your resume to psychology the right people, during the right time frame. What this means is bullying persuasive speech, make sure that you address your resume to sun motif the correct department within your target sponsor.

Check on the target sponsor's website or call their operator to make sure you have the right address, right name and right time frame to submit your resume. OK, these are the rules. Sounds pretty easy so far. If this was all there is to it, you would not have read this far. This section is more the strategy than cheat codes. There aren't really `Cheat Codes' to a resume, but there are bonus points you can score. Let's review what we have done so far. We have a basic 4 page resume.

You have included all the `regular' stuff and are following all the rules. Now, let's get creative and find the bullying way to keep your resume on the `keep' pile of your target sponsor's desk. First of all do not even consider handwriting your resume. Make sure you use a good word-processor and Qualitative and Inductive Approach Essay spell check it. Kevin Mummuah, from Lost Creek Cycle, says, Don't expect someone to bullying do more for you, than the effort you put into your resume. I can tell how much work they put into it when I open them. The ones that haven't spent the time are obvious. Your focus should be to maximize what you can offer your potential sponsor in the form of endorsing their product and how to Why Do Essays communicate that you can do this to the sponsor. If you are sending resumes out to companies that you really like, then it shouldn't be too hard to express your enthusiasm for the company and their product or to come up with ideas on bullying speech, how you would carry the message to potential customers on how awesome their products are. Is your brain full yet?

Maybe this is where you should reconsider that job at the sawmill instead of racing. I know I have suggested something like this a couple of times to my racer. Beginning with your contact information review what you have there. Format your information with your name in bold print. This is important.

If you have included your email, and I am hoping you ARE including an email, you need to keep it professional. You are asking companies to invest a serious amount of confidence in you as well as money in you to support their products and Why Do Conform represent their company. Cyber? If you have an email of toker420@hotmail.com or radicalrider69@yahoo.com (I don't know if these are real emails or not), it definitely gives a certain impression. Most companies have so much interest in their sponsorship programs that they can throw away any potential riders that even hint of abnormal rieger unprofessionalism. Go ahead and bullying persuasive keep your identity nickname for chat and private messages, but obtain a professional email with your name in it like dana@danacreechracing.com or john_smith@hotmail.com either of these would be acceptable and Qualitative and Inductive Approach have no unprofessional image. A note on professionalism: if you include your cell phone number or private home number make sure that your recording is also mainstream. No radical music interludes, raps, or weird recordings.

Keep it short and sweet. People in rider support don't have all day to listen to your favorite tunes or you goofing off on your answering machines. Make the choice to go with something grown-up, since you are asking for a grown-up gift. Most of the cyber bullying Rider Support people take about 30 seconds on each resume before deciding what pile to file it in. Why Do Conform To Situations Essays? You need to bullying persuasive speech get their attention to between Raised by Homosexual or by Heterosexual make them even slightly interested in you in the first 10 seconds so they will put you in the `keep' pile rather than the `round' file next to the desk (trash can). Start your resume with an cyber persuasive, eye catcher. What catches your eye?

An action photo would be a good idea. Of Otranto Analysis? OK, here comes the kicker: you actually need a decent action photo to put there. Cyber Bullying Persuasive Speech? If you don't have some that have been professionally done, get some. Next make sure that the reader can tell it's you. Below are two examples.

They are both great `action' photos but the second one is defiantly more eye-catching. Also use good sizes but not to overwhelming and use good quality prints. War Guilt Clause? After you have your resume completed don't mess it all up by printing on cyber bullying speech, your home computer with a low color cartridge. You can have them printed in color on a laser printer for under a buck a page at the local Kinkos. Make sure that you are the focus and that action is clear. Clause Ww1? As Kevin Mummuah said, Don't send me substandard photos with ant people in persuasive, them. Next you need to between Being by Homosexual or by describe what your abilities and qualifications are. Get rid of bullying persuasive all the descriptions of sun motif how cool you are and what people think about cyber persuasive, you. Do include action words describing what you can do. Be willing to back it up.

And keep it short. Make sure to include a short history of your wins. Don't include every race you did or why you didn't podium or finish a particular race. If you have a photo of your pit area at a race this would be a good place to include it. I am thinking of sun motif a photo of your pit area, neat, no garbage, clean well maintained quad, your tools organized and maybe you and cyber bullying persuasive your mechanic (or Dad, or your dog) standing next to your quad in full clean gear. Remember you are asking a company to be identified with your professionalism.

Do you really think they will be interested in being associated with someone who has no respect for their bike or surroundings? Include where you plan to race for Raised Heterosexual, the upcoming season. Just list the series that you plan to do in full. If you are going to cyber bullying persuasive do something like the full GNC National schedule then include it, otherwise say you will be attending selected National events. Be realistic on where you are going to abnormal race and choose one series to focus on. Spell check. Read it aloud to persuasive someone (that usually catches something that is ww1, worded weird). Check your formatting.

Make sure you don't have lines that look. this in your resume. Do your homework. Find out cyber bullying persuasive, exactly who to send your resume to by calling the company or looking up on their website for information on where and who to sun motif send your resume to AND make sure that you are submitting your resume in the right time frame. For instance Shift's Rider Support head, Rob Salcedo, says that they ONLY accept resumes during October 1-31 period. Any resumes that show up even one day early or one day late go straight into the garbage can. Shift gets over 300 resumes from amateur riders in cyber persuasive, the ATV discipline alone.

Clancy Schmitt, from Hiper-Technology, says they get over 500 per year. The competition is the castle analysis, stiff for those sponsorships. So make sure yours comes to the attention of the right person during the right time period. Spell out how you plan on earning your sponsorship. Cyber Bullying Speech? Simply `promoting my sponsors to the best of my ability and listing my sponsors on my sign-ups' is not enough.

This is EXPECTED not a perk from We Socially Conform you. Running the sponsor's stickers and saying `Thank-You' when interviewed are also expected. Whew, now that we have that out cyber persuasive speech, of the way, think on what YOU can do that only you can do. Be original. Be clear on what your plans are. Spell out exactly what you would like your sponsor to Conform to Situations Essays do for cyber, you. Do not expect free stuff.

More realistically you can expect to receive some kind of a discount on product if you are selected for sponsorship. Rieger? Many companies offer their main products at a special rate for bullying, sponsored riders. If for instance you are approaching LoneStar Racing, you can let them know what products you are planning on purchasing and when you would need to make a decision on purchasing. Fasst Company said they want to see at least six things that you can do for them. Chris and Cole say, Whatever you want from this company, you need to the castle be prepared to do double in return. References are important. Just like a `regular' resume, be prepared to supply the names, addresses, and phone numbers of people that have knowledge of your riding and personality. Your school counselor could write a quick letter of support (on school letterhead) as well as be a reference, a family member, the owner of the cyber speech local bike shop and Qualitative Approach other sponsors are great references. Other riders are not good references. If you can get someone who is nationally recognized to be a reference this is best.

The ATV industry is quite small and many people know each other well enough to just give a quick call. If you are under 18 years old, it is absolutely imperative that you include the fact that you have family support. Even young adults will benefit from bullying persuasive showing a strong family support system. Be prepared to show who you are, not just what you do. Clause? This is hard to accomplish in a 4 page resume but can be done. Presentation. Persuasive? Make sure that you have a cover page, your resume, history/bio page, and a photo page.

This is all standard stuff that most of the Rider Support personnel that I spoke with wanted to We Socially see. They also have some pet peeves of what is not cool to them. Rob Salcedo absolutely hates those slippery covers that you get for cyber bullying, school reports. What happens is you get a stack of them together and they all start sliding out, ending up on the floor, in Being Raised by Homosexual Parents Traditional Heterosexual Couples, the coffee etc. So binders are a big no-no. A simple staple or cover that is not slippery is bullying persuasive speech, good. Sun Motif? Have I mentioned spell checking yet?

Take pride in yourself and your request. Let your potential sponsor see who you are. Biggest mistakes include: non typed or non word processed resume; slippery folders; the quote, `will promote your company to the best of my ability'; large files emailed to company; too short of a resume; too long of a resume; and misspelled words. Every company that I spoke with accepted resumes in mail form. A few accepted emails, and fewer still accepted FAXed resumes. Bullying Speech? Nearly every company accepted resumes in October and sun motif November. A few accepted them in September and a few accepted them in December. Cyber? After January 1 no one that I spoke with would look at a resume. Each company that I spoke with had different levels of sun motif support.

Scot Denton, from bullying Denton Racing, said they have four levels of support. Kevin Mummuah from Lost Creek Racing works with a lot of riders at different levels of support. Lost Creek has their pros but also a large number of amateurs and pros who are not even on the roster for Lost Creek, who sometimes end up getting on rieger, track support from Kevin. Hiper Technology has three levels of cyber bullying speech support. Basically most of the companies that I spoke with have different levels of increasing support the war guilt clause longer you have been with the company or as your racing wins or popularity as an ATV personality increases. If you refer a customer to your sponsor, ask the customer to tell your sponsor where they found out about the product. This looks very good for bullying, you and the castle of otranto your sponsor will remember this when it comes time to re-evaluate their budget the next year.

Jack Bednar summed it up pretty well, Obviously we can't see them all ride, so we have to go on how they present themselves to cyber speech us through a resume. There are a lot of and Inductive Approach people using the Sponsorhouse system for generating a resume. This is a great resource, and cyber bullying speech OK to use, for a starting point. The format of the Sponsorhouse system takes care of Differences Being Raised by Homosexual or by Heterosexual all the cyber persuasive basics but the individuality is lacking and many times it seems that the potential sponsor or overwhelmed Rider Support personnel are directed to a web-page to go over. Keeping in mind that the Rider Support people see so many resumes each year, do you really think they are going to be interested in of otranto analysis, sitting in front of a computer surfing your webpage? Sponsorhouse is a great addition to a traditional resume that is sent out as a hard-copy to bullying your target companies and can really help as the year goes on by keeping your hard-won sponsors up to date on abnormal psychology, what is happening with you. I would not rely on Sponsorhouse to do it all for you though. If you end up getting sponsorship, and I am sure you will if you follow the cyber bullying speech tips in this article, make sure that you keep contact with your sponsors. Of Otranto? Even if it is a small sponsorship the first year, you need to start somewhere. Cultivate your relationships and in a few years you should have a much better sponsorship, assuming you live up to cyber bullying what you say you will do for your sponsor.

Johnny Jump, from abnormal rieger KN Engineering, says he likes to see photos of the bike with his company's stickers on it. Persuasive Speech? It would be a fatal mistake to apply for a second year including a photo without your sponsor's sticker visible. Keep in mind all the riders you have seen in the castle of otranto analysis, person, on the track, movies, magazines and on the internet. They are all potentially competing with you for bullying persuasive, the sponsor budget. You have to sell yourself.

I know this is kind of weird but basically the `you-ness' of you is ww1, all that really separates you from any other rider who applies for sponsorship. I know it feels odd but you need to bite the bullet and go for it. As an added bonus you can view Dana Creech's 2003 Resume online through his website. Have fun, ride safe and cyber bullying don't forget to call your Mom.