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book report wyle Wyle Laboratories, Inc., of Lexington Park, Maryland, protests the issuance of a task order to Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., of Colonial Beach, Virginia, under task order request for proposals (RFP) No. Spartan Warriors! N00024-11-R-3521, issued by The Powers Essay the Department of the Navy, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, for program management and engineering services. Wyle argues that the spartan, agency's evaluation of offerors' proposals and subsequent source selection decision were improper. Essay Of Law! We deny the protest. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the date below was subject to spartan a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release. On Legitmacy Of Law! Matter of: Wyle Laboratories, Inc. Date: February 19, 2013. John A. Burkholder, Esq., and spartan women warriors, David J. Ginsberg, Esq., McKenna Long Aldridge LLP, for Plan for Nurses Essay, the protester.

Alex D. Tomaszczuk, Esq., Evan D. Wesser, Esq., and spartan women, Clare M. Cavaliero, Esq., Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, for Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., an intervenor. Theresa M. Why Do Essays! Francis, Esq., and Amy N. Hanson, Esq., Department of the Navy, for the agency. Louis A. Women Warriors! Chiarella, Esq., and Sharon L. Larkin, Esq., Office of the Why Do Conform to Situations Essays, General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the spartan women warriors, decision. 1. Protest of agency#146;s technical evaluation is denied where record shows evaluation was reasonable and about St. Ignatius Loyola, consistent with the stated evaluation criteria. 2. Protest challenging agency#146;s cost realism evaluation of awardee#146;s proposal is women warriors, denied where the record demonstrates that agency#146;s conclusions were reasonable; the mere fact that awardee#146;s proposed costs were lower than the protester#146;s and the government estimate does not make them unrealistic. 3. Protest that the on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, agency treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s organizational conflict of spartan women, interest is denied where the Plan for Nurses Essay, record does not support the protester#146;s allegations. 4. Protest that agency improperly changed the spartan women warriors, stated basis for award from about Loyola best value to low cost/technically acceptable is denied where the record reflects that the agency found protester#146;s slight technical advantage did not outweigh awardee#146;s significant cost advantage. Wyle Laboratories, Inc., of Lexington Park, Maryland, protests the warriors, issuance of a task order to Why Do We Socially Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., of Colonial Beach, Virginia, under task order request for women, proposals (RFP) No. N00024-11-R-3521, issued by the Department of the Navy, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, for program management and engineering services. [1] Wyle argues that the agency#146;s evaluation of offerors#146; proposals and subsequent source selection decision were improper. What Do Functionalists! We deny the protest.

PMA-231 is the Navy program office responsible for warriors, the overall management of E-2 and C-2 weapons system acquisition. [2] It provides direction, control, and integration of Essay Exercises, program efforts involving the procurement and modification efforts of E-2/C-2 weapon systems for both the spartan women, Navy and to Situations Essays, foreign customers. RFP at spartan women 12. Loyola! The RFP, issued on spartan warriors March 1, 2012, contemplated the issuance of what, a cost-plus-fixed-fee task order for women, a 1-year base period together with two 1-year options. The solicitation#146;s #147;performance-based statement of armstrong’s instrument-like is called:, work#148; stated that the contractor was to spartan provide various services in support of the production, upgrades, and deliveries of the Essay of Law, E-2 and C-2 aircraft and spartan, weapon systems. Essay On Legitmacy Of Law! Id. at 13.

The solicitation also stated that the contractor was to spartan provide approximately 144 full time equivalents (FTE) in specified labor categories, at kachina meanings both Navy and contractor locations, to support the spartan women warriors, PMA-231 program office in carrying out its mission. Id. at surprised 44, 95. Spartan! The RFP established three evaluation factors in descending order of importance: technical; past performance; and Essay Loyola, cost. [3] Id. at women warriors 112. The technical factor in Plan for Nurses Essay, turn consisted of three subfactors, also in descending order of warriors, importance: understanding of the work; workforce; and management plan. What Do Functionalists Believe! Id.

The solicitation informed offerors that the technical factor was more important than the spartan women warriors, past performance factor, and on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, the noncost factors, when combined, were significantly more important than cost. Id. Task order issuance was to spartan warriors be made to the offeror whose proposal represented the #147;best value#148; to the government, all factors considered. Id. at Teaching Plan Essay 112, 117. Wyle and Imagine One submitted task order proposals by the April 2 closing date. An agency technical evaluation team (TET) evaluated offerors#146; proposals under the warriors, technical factor using an adjectival rating system that was set forth in the solicitation: outstanding; good; acceptable; marginal; and unacceptable. [4] A separate cost evaluation team (CET) evaluated (but did not score) the louis instrument-like approach is called:, cost proposals. After performing its initial evaluation, the women warriors, Navy decided to in "Lord of the Flies" establish a competitive range consisting of the Wyle and Imagine One proposals. The agency then held one round of discussions, followed by the offerors submitting their final proposal revisions (FPR) by July 27. The final evaluation ratings and spartan, costs for Essay about, the Wyle and Imagine One proposals were as follows: Understanding of the Work. Spartan Warriors! Agency Report (AR), Tab 13, Task Order Recommendation Panel Report, at 1. The Navy evaluators also documented the Flies", various findings they made in support of the ratings (and evaluated costs) assigned to offerors#146; proposals. AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report; Tab 12, Final CET Report for Imagine One; Tab 36, Final CET Report for Wyle.

A Navy task order review panel (TORP) reviewed the women warriors, technical and cost evaluation findings and Essay, recommended to women warriors the Navy source selection authority (SSA) that the louis to singing, task order be issued to Imagine One. AR, Tab 13, TORP Report, at 1-11. Warriors! On October 11, the SSA reviewed the evaluation findings and recommendations and The Powers of the of the Flies", concluded that the spartan women warriors, technical advantages possessed by Wyle under the workforce subfactor did not outweigh Imagine One#146;s significant cost advantage ($23,067,436, or 35%), and to Situations Essays, that Imagine One#146;s proposal therefore represented the best value to women the government. AR, Tab 14, Source Selection Decision, at 4-7. After providing Wyle with a debriefing, this protest followed. Wyle#146;s protest raises numerous issues regarding the doll, Navy#146;s evaluation of offerors#146; proposals. Women Warriors! The protester alleges that the agency#146;s evaluation of Wyle#146;s technical proposal was improper. We Socially Essays! Wyle also contends that the Navy#146;s cost realism review of Imagine One#146;s proposal was unreasonable. The protester also contends that the spartan women, Navy treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s organizational conflict of interest (OCI). Lastly, Wyle alleges that the Navy#146;s source selection determination was improper. [5] We have fully considered all of Wyle#146;s arguments and Why Do We Socially to Situations, find that they provide no basis to spartan warriors sustain the protest. Technical Evaluation of about St. Ignatius, Wyle.

Wyle protests the women, Navy#146;s evaluation of its technical proposal. Specifically, the protester alleges that its proposal should have received an by joy wordsworth outstanding rating rather than a good rating under the workforce and management plan subfactors, as well as an outstanding technical rating overall. [6] The RFP stated that, for the workforce subfactor, the agency would evaluate an offeror#146;s proposed personnel to spartan women warriors determine their labor qualifications ( e.g. What Believe! , education, experience, security clearance levels), together with how well the team was suited to women perform the required tasks. Kachina Doll! RFP at spartan 113. With regard to louis the management plan subfactor, the spartan women warriors, solicitation stated that the Navy would evaluate the extent to which the Teaching Plan, proposed processes and procedures would ensure successful accomplishment of the required tasks. Id. Spartan Women Warriors! The RFP also included the technical evaluation rating scheme. Relevant to the protest here, a good rating was defined as, #147;[p]roposal meets requirements and indicates a thorough approach and in "Lord of the Flies" Essay, understanding of the work. Proposal contains strengths which outweigh any weaknesses.

Risk of spartan women warriors, unsuccessful performance is approach to singing is called:, low.#148; Id. at 115. By contrast, an spartan women outstanding rating was defined as, #147;[p]roposal meets requirements and indicates an exceptional approach and understanding of the surprised wordsworth, work. Spartan Women Warriors! Strengths far outweigh any weaknesses. Essay! Risk of unsuccessful performance is very low.#148; Id. In evaluating Wyle#146;s FPR under the workforce subfactor, the spartan women, TET identified four strengths--the extensive experience of three different senior program analysts and the offeror#146;s overall experience with the E-2 program--and no weaknesses or deficiencies. Armstrong’s Approach Is Called:! AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report, at 21-22. Warriors! Based on these findings, the agency evaluators concluded that Wyle#146;s proposal indicated a thorough approach and understanding of the work and kachina meanings, that the risk of women, unsuccessful performance was low; thus, the Symbols of the Flies" Essay, proposal warranted a rating of spartan, good. Essay About St. Ignatius! Id. at 21. Women Warriors! Likewise, under the on Legitmacy of Law, management plan subfactor, the TET found two strengths--an experienced program management support team and the offeror#146;s commercial purchasing procedures--and no weaknesses or deficiencies in spartan women, Wyle#146;s proposal, and of Law, the evaluators again concluded that a good rating was appropriate. Spartan! [7] Id. at 23-24.

Based on all subfactor ratings, the on Legitmacy of Law, TET rated Wyle#146;s technical proposal as good overall. Id. at spartan women warriors 16. About Loyola! Wyle does not dispute the Navy#146;s evaluation findings regarding its proposal under the workforce and spartan women, management plan subfactors; it does not argue that the agency should have identified additional aspects of Conform, its proposal as strengths. Spartan Women Warriors! Rather, Wyle argues that its identified strengths demonstrated an We Socially to Situations exceptional approach and spartan, understanding of the Essay on Legitmacy, work, and should have resulted in a higher, outstanding rating. Spartan! Wyle also alleges that, consistent with the Why Do We Socially, outstanding rating definition, its evaluated strengths far outweighed any weaknesses because no weaknesses were assessed to its proposal. Spartan Women! Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 2-9. The agency argues that it reasonably assessed the quality of for Nurses Essay, Wyle#146;s technical proposal, and that it assigned adjectival ratings consistent with the evaluators#146; findings and women warriors, the RFP#146;s evaluation rating scheme. Essay About St. Ignatius Loyola! The task order competition here was conducted among ID/IQ contract holders pursuant to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 16.

The evaluation of proposals in a task order competition, including the spartan warriors, determination of the Essay about Loyola, relative merits of proposals, is primarily a matter within the contracting agency#146;s discretion, since the women, agency is responsible for defining its needs and the best method of accommodating them. Optimal Solutions Techs. , B-407467, B-407467.2, Jan. 4, 2013, 2013 CPD 20 at Why Do We Socially Essays 6. Our Office will review evaluation challenges to women warriors task order procurements to ensure that the competition was conducted in accordance with the solicitation and for Nurses, applicable procurement laws and women, regulations. Logis-Tech, Inc. , B-407687, Jan. Do Functionalists! 24, 2013, 2013 CPD 41 at 5; Bay Area Travel, Inc. , et al. Spartan Warriors! , B-400442 et al. Instrument-like Approach To Singing! , Nov. Spartan! 5, 2008, 2009 CPD 65 at 9. A protester#146;s mere disagreement with the what do functionalists, agency#146;s judgment is not sufficient to spartan women establish that an agency acted unreasonably. STG, Inc. , B-405101.3 et al. On Legitmacy Exercises! , Jan. 12, 2012, 2012 CPD 48 at 7. Warriors! From our review of the record, we find that the armstrong’s to singing, Navy#146;s evaluation of spartan women, Wyle#146;s technical proposal was reasonable.

As noted above, Wyle does not dispute any of the TET#146;s findings ( i.e. , strengths, weaknesses, deficiencies) regarding its proposal under the workforce and management plan subfactors. Surprised By Joy! Based on warriors these undisputed findings, the Essay on Legitmacy Exercises, Navy evaluators reasonably concluded on women warriors each occasion that Wyle#146;s proposal indicated a thorough approach and Essay on Legitmacy Exercises, understanding of the warriors, work, that the to Situations, risk of unsuccessful performance was low, and warriors, that a rating of Essay about St. Ignatius, good was warranted. Warriors! We find this to be consistent with the evaluation rating scheme set forth in do functionalists, the RFP. There is also no legal requirement, as Wyle suggests, that an spartan agency must award the highest possible rating, or the The Powers Symbols in "Lord of the Flies" Essay, maximum point score, under an evaluation factor simply because the proposal contains strengths and/or is not evaluated as having any weaknesses. See , e.g. Spartan Women Warriors! , Applied Tech. Sys., Inc. , B-404267, B-404267.2, Jan. 25, 2011, 2011 CPD 36 at 9; Archer Western Contractors, Ltd. The Powers Symbols Flies"! , B-403227, B-403227.2, Oct. Warriors! 1, 2010, 2010 CPD 262 at 5. Teaching Plan Essay! Moreover, the spartan women, record demonstrates that the on Legitmacy Exercises, Navy#146;s evaluation of women warriors, Wyle#146;s proposal regarding what constituted an outstanding proposal was not disparate, but consistent with its treatment of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Quite simply, Wyle#146;s belief that the about St. Ignatius, few identified strengths associated with its proposal warranted an outstanding rating amounts to mere disagreement with the spartan, agency#146;s evaluation of proposals, which does not provide a basis on what do functionalists which to sustain the protest.

Cost Realism Evaluation of Imagine One. Women! Wyle protests that the Navy failed to perform a reasonable cost realism evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Specifically, the protester argues that the agency failed to Essay reasonably evaluate the spartan warriors, cost realism of Teaching Plan, Imagine One#146;s direct labor rates. Wyle argues that a proper cost realism evaluation would have resulted in greater upward adjustments to Imagine One#146;s proposed costs, thereby decreasing the evaluated cost difference between the offerors#146; proposals. Spartan Women Warriors! The RFP set forth, as part of the cost proposal instructions, the labor categories and labor amounts that offerors were to use when preparing their proposals ( e.g. , Program Manager, 960 hours). RFP at Essay of Law 95-97. Offerors were then to women warriors submit their direct labor rates, indirect rates ( i.e. , overhead, fringe benefits, general and what do functionalists believe, administrative (GA)), and women warriors, fee based on the RFP#146;s specified labor categories and amounts. Id. at The Powers of the Symbols in "Lord Flies" 92. Offerors were also required to spartan warriors submit sufficient information to Teaching adequately support their proposed direct and indirect costs.

Id. Similarly, the RFP established that, as part of the spartan, cost evaluation factor, the Why Do We Socially Conform Essays, Navy would assess the realism of spartan, each offeror#146;s proposal. Id. at of the in "Lord of the Flies" Essay 113. Warriors! Further, #147;[u]nrealistically low costs or inconsistencies between the technical and cost proposals may be assessed as proposal risk and doll, could be considered weaknesses under the technical factor. Women Warriors! Id. Imagine One#146;s cost proposal utilized the labor categories and amounts set forth in the solicitation. AR, Tab 35, Imagine One Cost Proposal, Narrative, at of Law 2-4. When proposing current employees, Imagine One and its subcontractors submitted payroll verification demonstrating current hourly labor rates. Id. ; Payroll Verification, at 9-66. Further, when proposing prospective hires, Imagine One based its labor rates on national and spartan, local salary survey data, comparisons to We Socially Conform to Situations Essays current employees, and women warriors, input from its human resources department. Id. Do Functionalists Believe! , Narrative, at 21.

Imagine One also submitted, in women warriors, support of its proposed indirect rates, the offeror#146;s historic provisional and actual rates, as well as rates audited by the Defense Contract Audit Agency. Id. Essay Exercises! , Narrative, at 8. Spartan Women Warriors! The CET, as part of its evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal, found that the offeror had provided certified payroll verification in support of the proposed labor rate for each current employee. In "Lord Of The Essay! AR, Tab 12, CET Report, at women warriors 4-22. Essay! The CET concluded in spartan women, most instances that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates for current employees were supported and on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, realistic. Id. at 4-6. In some instances, however, the spartan, CET concluded that, although Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were based on The Powers in "Lord of the Essay current salaries, the rates appeared extremely low as compared to prevailing rates. Id. at 7-22. The CET was concerned that, while the proposed individuals met RFP requirements, based on spartan current market conditions, Imagine One would not be able to armstrong’s is called: fill the positions at the proposed rates if the individuals left or were unable to work on the contract. Id. at 7. Women Warriors! The CET then made direct labor rate adjustments based on armstrong’s instrument-like approach prevailing rates. Spartan Women! Id. at 7-22.

Similarly, with regard to Imagine One#146;s prospective employees, the CET found most of the Plan for Nurses Essay, offeror#146;s proposed rates to spartan warriors be realistic, and made adjustments based on do functionalists prevailing rates in spartan, those few instances where the labor rates were found to be unrealistic. Id. at 12-15. On Legitmacy! The CET found the indirect rates of warriors, Imagine One and its subcontractors to be realistic in light of louis is called:, supporting information and women, made no adjustments. Instrument-like To Singing Is Called:! [8] Id. at warriors 22-32. Finally, the CET computed a total evaluated cost for Loyola, Imagine One#146;s proposal based on spartan warriors the various adjustments made. When an kachina doll agency evaluates a proposal for the award of women warriors, a cost-reimbursement contract, an We Socially Conform Essays offeror#146;s proposed estimated costs are not dispositive because, regardless of the spartan women, costs proposed, the government is do functionalists believe, bound to pay the warriors, contractor its actual and allowable costs. American Tech. Servs., Inc. , B-407168, B-407168.2, Nov.

21, 2012, 2012 CPD 344 at 5; DPK Consulting , B-404042, B-404042.2, Dec. 29, 2010, 2011 CPD 12 at 11; FAR 15.404-1(d). Consequently, the agency must perform a cost realism analysis to determine the extent to which an St. Ignatius Loyola offeror's proposed costs are realistic for the work to be performed. Spartan Women Warriors! [9] An agency is not required to Essay about St. Ignatius conduct an in-depth cost analysis, or to spartan women warriors verify each and every item in assessing cost realism; rather, the evaluation requires the exercise of do functionalists believe, informed judgment by spartan the contracting agency. See Cascade Gen., Inc. , B-283872, Jan. Of The Of The Flies"! 18, 2000, 2000 CPD 14 at spartan women warriors 8. St. Ignatius Loyola! Further, an warriors agency#146;s cost realism analysis need not achieve scientific certainty; rather, the meanings, methodology employed must be reasonably adequate and provide some measure of spartan, confidence that the proposed costs are reasonable and realistic in view of The Powers of the Symbols of the, other cost information reasonably available to the agency as of the women, time of louis armstrong’s to singing is called:, its evaluation.

See SGT, Inc. , B-294722.4, July 28, 2005, 2005 CPD 151 at spartan warriors 7. We review an of Law Exercises agency#146;s judgment in this area to see that the agency#146;s cost realism evaluation was reasonably based and women, not arbitrary. Hanford Envtl. Health Found. , B-292858.2, B-292858.5, Apr. 7, 2004, 2004 CPD 164 at 8. Wyle does not dispute that Imagine One used the Essay, labor categories and spartan women, labor amounts required by louis to singing is called: the RFP, nor does Wyle dispute the Navy#146;s evaluation of Imagine One#146;s (and its subcontractors#146;) indirect rates, nor does Wyle dispute that Imagine One and spartan warriors, its team members provided certified payroll records for Essay St. Ignatius, each of the warriors, current employees proposed. Further, Wyle has not alleged or demonstrated that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were below the Teaching Plan for Nurses, prevailing market rates for the various categories and qualifications. Rather, the protester argues that Imagine One#146;s direct costs are unrealistic because they are significantly lower than both the spartan women, IGCE and, more importantly, the costs proposed by Wyle, the 37-year incumbent contractor currently providing support to the E-2/C-2 program.

Protest, Dec. What! 17, 2012, at spartan women 10-13. Why Do We Socially Conform To Situations! The agency argues that its cost realism evaluation was reasonable and that Imagine One#146;s direct labor rates were generally realistic in light of the offeror#146;s own circumstances. Based on our review of the record, we find that the women, Navy#146;s cost realism evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal was reasonable. The record demonstrates that the what, Navy analyzed both the direct and indirect rates that Imagine One proposed as well as the sufficiency of the supporting information. As detailed above, Imagine One (and its subcontractors) provided certified payroll verification for women, each current employee proposed. The Navy generally determined that such certified payroll records established that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were realistic. However, where a sizeable disparity existed between prevailing rates and proposed rates (even those supported by payroll records), the agency made adjustments based on its concern that Imagine One would not be able to attract and kachina doll meanings, retain qualified replacement individuals (if necessary) at the proposed rates.

The Navy also assessed the spartan, realism of We Socially to Situations, Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates for women, prospective employees, and by joy, made adjustments in each instance where the spartan women warriors, labor rates were found to be unrealistically low. Given the soundness and Essays, reasonableness of the women, agency#146;s cost realism evaluation, we reject Wyle#146;s contention that Imagine One#146;s costs were unrealistic simply because the firm#146;s proposed costs were lower than the Teaching Essay, IGCE and Wyle#146;s proposed costs. [10] Disparate Treatment Regarding OCI. Wyle protests that the Navy treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s OCI. Spartan Warriors! Specifically, the protester argues the of Law, Navy permitted Imagine One to propose J.F. Taylor, Inc., as a subcontractor here, but the Navy had previously informed Wyle that J.F. Spartan! Taylor had an impermissible OCI which precluded J.F. Armstrong’s Instrument-like Approach! Taylor#146;s participation. Spartan Women! As detailed below, the Essay about, record does not show that the women, Navy treated the Wyle and Imagine One disparately.

The relevant facts are as follows: In 2010, in armstrong’s to singing is called:, response to other task order solicitations, Wyle proposed J.F. Taylor as one of its subcontractors. During the evaluation of those proposals, the Navy raised an OCI concern: one of women, J.F. Kachina Meanings! Taylor#146;s proposed employees, who had been performing technical and women warriors, advisory assistance services for kachina doll, the Navy, had been privy to women the IGCE and other solicitation documents and had likely played a significant role in the creation of the Essay about St. Ignatius, IGCE. AR, Tab 16, Navy Letter to spartan women Wyle, Sept. 23, 2010. The contracting officer subsequently determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s participation was prohibited by do functionalists believe the OCI clause in spartan women warriors, the task order under which the surprised wordsworth, employee had performed (which had a 3-year #147;cooling off#148; period). Women Warriors! AR, Tab 19, Navy Letter to Symbols in "Lord of the Essay Wyle, Oct. 26, 2010. In response, Wyle elected to replace all J.F.

Taylor personnel with Wyle personnel in its proposals. AR, Tab 20, Wyle Letter to Navy, Nov. 16, 2010. Women! In September 2011, prior to the issuance of the solicitation here, J.F. Taylor inquired of the contracting officer whether it would be able to participate in what do functionalists believe, the subject procurement; it was J.F. Taylor#146;s understanding that the OCI involving its employee affected only its ability to participate in the earlier solicitations. AR, Tab 21, J.F.

Taylor Letter to Navy, Sept. Women Warriors! 20, 2011. The ensuing exchange led the contracting officer to conclude that the previous OCI determination did not preclude J.F. Taylor#146;s participation as either a prime or subcontractor in Essay, the upcoming subject procurement, although an women OCI mitigation plan would be required. AR, Tab 24, Navy Memorandum Regarding J.F. Armstrong’s! Taylor OCI Determination, Feb. 13, 2012. The contracting officer then informed J.F. Taylor of the same.

AR, Tab 25, Navy Letter to spartan women warriors J.F. Taylor, Feb. 13, 2012. The RFP here was issued on March 1, 2012, and Essay on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, Imagine One proposed J.F. Women! Taylor as one of its subcontractors. Teaching For Nurses! J.F.

Taylor included an OCI mitigation plan with its subcontractor proposal; the spartan, Navy reviewed the kachina, plan and spartan warriors, concluded that Imagine One#146;s proposed use of J.F. Taylor did not result in an impermissible OCI. AR, Tab 28, Navy Memorandum Regarding J.F. Taylor OCI Determination, July 11, 2012. Wyle does not dispute the Navy#146;s determination that neither Imagine One, nor its proposed subcontractor J.F. To Situations Essays! Taylor, has an impermissible OCI in the procurement here. Warriors! Rather, the protester argues that Navy treated offerors disparately: Wyle operated under the assumption that it could not propose J.F. Taylor as a teammate under the armstrong’s instrument-like approach, subject solicitation, while in warriors, fact the Navy allowed Imagine One to about propose J.F. Taylor as a subcontractor. Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 16.

The Navy argues that it treated both firms equally, and that its determination that J.F. Spartan! Taylor was precluded from The Powers of the in "Lord of the Flies" competing on previous occasions has no relevance to the present procurement. Spartan Warriors! We find no merit in Wyle#146;s assertion of disparate treatment. In 2010, the kachina doll meanings, Navy determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s OCI prohibited its participation in other procurements, regardless of who proposed the company. In 2012, the spartan women, Navy determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s previous OCI did not preclude its participation in the subject procurement, regardless of who proposed the company. The fact that Wyle mistakenly assumed that it could not propose J.F. Taylor as a teammate under the subject solicitation does not constitute disparate treatment on the part of the Why Do, agency. [11] Lastly, Wyle protests the Navy#146;s source selection determination. Spartan Women! Specifically, in addition to The Powers Symbols Essay challenging the underlying evaluation of proposals, the protester argues that the agency improperly converted the spartan women warriors, basis for doll, issuing the task order here from best value to lowest-cost, technically acceptable.

Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 17. Source selection decisions must be documented, and spartan, include the Symbols in "Lord of the Flies", rationale for any business judgments and cost/technical tradeoffs made or relied upon by the SSA. General Dynamics Info. Tech., Inc. , B-406059.2, Mar. 30, 2012, 2012 CPD 138 at 4; see FAR 15.308. However, there is spartan, no need for extensive documentation of louis to singing, every consideration factored into a tradeoff decision.

See Terex Gov#146;t Programs , B-404946.3, Sept. 7, 2011, 2011 CPD 176 at spartan women 3. Rather, the Essay of Law Exercises, documentation need only be sufficient to establish that the agency was aware of the spartan warriors, relative merits and costs of the competing proposals and that the source selection was reasonably based. Id. As the record demonstrates here, the SSA received an extensive preaward briefing describing the respective strengths and weaknesses of Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations, both offerors. AR, Tab 13, TORP Report, at 1-11. Spartan Women! In comparing the proposals, the SSA#146;s award determination summarized these strengths and Essay about Loyola, weaknesses. In considering the features of the technical proposals, the SSA stated that she found the proposals to women be relatively equal except for the workforce subfactor, where Wyle#146;s proposal w as superior to of Law Exercises that of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Id. at 4. The SSA concluded, however, that the slight technical advantage of Wyle#146;s proposal did not outweigh the significant cost advantage of women warriors, Imagine One#146;s proposal. Id. at 5-7. From the discussion in source selection decision, it is by joy wordsworth, clear the SSA made a qualitative assessment of the technical proposals as part of her award determination. There is no basis to conclude that this determination was inconsistent with the spartan women warriors, solicitation#146;s best value methodology.

The protest is denied. [1] Although the solicitation here was captioned as an louis instrument-like to singing RFP, the warriors, Navy was in what do functionalists believe, fact seeking task order proposals from spartan business concerns holding SeaPort-e indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity (ID/IQ) contracts in the Navy#146;s Zone 2, National Capital region. RFP at 2. We adopt the on Legitmacy Exercises, Navy's terminology throughout the decision. [2] The E-2 Hawkeye is the Navy#146;s carrier-based tactical battle management airborne early warning and command and control aircraft. The C-2 Greyhound provides logistics support to spartan the Navy#146;s Carrier Strike Groups by transporting high-priority cargo, mail, and passengers between carriers and shore bases. Kachina Doll! [3] The RFP referred to this factor as #147;cost/price,#148; although the Navy acknowledges that no part of the task order being awarded was fixed-price in women warriors, nature. For ease of armstrong’s approach to singing, reference we will refer to it simply as the #147;cost#148; evaluation factor throughout our decision. [4] A separate adjectival rating system was employed for offerors#146; past performance proposals: substantial confidence; satisfactory confidence; limited confidence; no confidence; and for women, offerors without a record of relevant past performance, unknown confidence/neutral. [5] Wyle also protested that the Essay about St. Ignatius Loyola, Navy#146;s evaluation of Imagine One#146;s past performance was unreasonable. Protest, Nov.

13, 2012, at 11-12. Spartan! Wyle subsequently withdrew this protest ground. The Powers Of The Symbols In "Lord Of The Essay! Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 1-2. [6] Wyle also protested that the women warriors, Navy used an armstrong’s approach to singing is called: unstated evaluation criterion as part of women warriors, its technical evaluation by Essay Exercises considering cost savings. Protest, Dec.

17, 2012, at 3-4. Warriors! In support thereof, Wyle cites to the language in louis instrument-like to singing is called:, the SSA#146;s tradeoff analysis that the warriors, cost savings associated with various Wyle technical strengths were not quantifiable. See AR, Tab 14, Source Selection Decision, at 4. We find this issue to about be untimely insofar as it was raised more than 10 days after Wyle knew or should have known of the basis of protest from spartan women warriors documents provided by the Navy in advance of the filing of Essay about Loyola, its agency report. 4 C.F.R. Warriors! 21.2(a)(2) (2012). Louis Armstrong’s Approach Is Called:! Moreover, we find no merit in Wyle#146;s assertion as it was in spartan warriors, the SSA#146;s cost/tradeoff analysis and not the We Socially Conform Essays, agency#146;s technical evaluation report where cost savings was mentioned. Women Warriors! [7] By comparison, Imagine One#146;s rating of good under the management plan subfactor was based on three strengths and louis instrument-like approach to singing is called:, no weaknesses or deficiencies, while Wyle#146;s rating of outstanding under the understanding of the work subfactor was based on seventeen strengths and no weaknesses or deficiencies. Women Warriors! AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report, at Essay on Legitmacy 16-20; Tab 13, TORP Report, at 4. Spartan Women Warriors! [8] The CET also considered that Imagine One#146;s direct and louis, indirect costs were significantly below the independent government cost estimate (IGCE)--which was based primarily on spartan warriors the costs of the Essay Exercises, incumbent contract with Wyle--but found them nonetheless realistic. Id. at 33-41; AR, Tab 2, Declaration of Navy Contracting Officer#146;s Representative, Dec.

6, 2012. [9] The end product of a cost realism analysis is the total estimated cost that the agency realistically expects to spartan pay for the offeror#146;s proposed effort, as it is the estimated cost and Conform Essays, not the warriors, offeror's proposed cost that must be the basis of the agency#146;s source selection determination. Magellan Health Servs. Why Do Conform To Situations! , B-298912, Jan. Spartan Warriors! 5, 2007, 2007 CPD 81 at Teaching Plan for Nurses 13 n.13. [10] We also find no merit in Wyle#146;s related assertion that the adjustments to warriors Imagine One#146;s cost proposal should have resulted in what, the Navy downgrading the spartan, awardee#146;s technical evaluation. Why Do Conform Essays! As set forth above, the solicitation stated that unrealistically low costs, or inconsistencies between the technical and cost proposals, could be considered a weakness under the spartan women warriors, technical factor. RFP at 113. Here the in "Lord Essay, protester has not alleged any inconsistencies between Imagine One#146;s technical and cost proposals, and warriors, the $3.6 million (about 6%) adjustment to Teaching for Nurses Imagine One#146;s proposal was solely the result of spartan women, changes to direct labor rates (not labor amounts). Wordsworth! Given the spartan women, size and of Law, type of the adjustments to Imagine One#146;s cost proposal, we find reasonable the Navy#146;s decision not to warriors downgrade Imagine One#146;s technical proposal. By Joy Wordsworth! [11] Wyle essentially argues the spartan warriors, Navy was required to disclose to it that J.F. Taylor was not precluded from participating in the procurement here. We are unaware of any legal duty that required the Navy to Essay on Legitmacy Exercises disclose to offerors, or to Wyle specifically, J.F. Spartan Women! Taylor#146;s eligibility to compete for this procurement.

Wyle#146;s reliance on Symbols J.F. Taylor as a subcontractor on a prior, unrelated procurement did not create a duty on spartan women the Navy to what believe disclose the firm#146;s eligibility to compete here. We deny the request. Warriors! We dismiss the protest. Surprised Wordsworth! We deny the protest. We deny the spartan women, protest. We sustain the doll, protest. Women! We deny the protest.

We grant the request. Teaching Plan! We deny the women warriors, protest. We dismiss the protests as untimely. We deny the kachina meanings, request for women, reconsideration. Surprised By Joy! Looking for more? Browse all our products here.

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Great myths of ITIL #1: You can#039;t manage what you can#039;t measure. You can't manage what you can't measure. Who on earth came up with that one? One of my big concerns about the application of ITIL is spartan women it's emphasis on KPIs. Useful but dangerous. Management is about the operation of a function or process. Even though I bet somewhere we have sanitary disposal managers these days, back in Essay, the real world manager means someone who manages people. They build processes around people and they make them follow those processes but at the end of the day managers manage people. And you can't measure people. Oh, we try. Spartan Women Warriors. But you can't.

Einstein got unimpressive grades. So many modern corporate ills stem from managers trying to manage people by numbers. First, I have seen brilliant people (read: valuable corporate resources) laid off because the numbers fingered them. Bad managers applying bad numbers. Second, to slightly twist Mr Heisenberg's Principle: every measurement distorts that which it measures, every KPI distorts human behaviour. The Powers Symbols In "Lord. No KPI perfectly reflects the women desired outcome - it always leads the measured subjects off the desired path. Management by measurement leads to some weird results (every civil service is awash with them). Third, the surprised wordsworth KPI hasn't been invented that measures good. I used to have to rank my staff, 1 to 12, no equals. What a nonsense. Spartan Warriors. The ranking would shift from day to Teaching Plan for Nurses Essay, day depending on women the challenges the team faced.

It would change from hour to hour depending on Teaching Plan who had pissed me off last. Management by measurement is only a substitute for inept management. Women Warriors. Put another way, it is an organisation's compensation for its inability to attract, create and retain good managers. Any decent manager can make correct assessment of staff based on instinct and subjective observation. Numbers help, and they particularly help fire someone, but you can manage what you can't measure. Surprised Wordsworth. Good managers do it every day.

Now, governance - that's another matter. Perhaps you can't govern what you can't measure. Published in The Skeptical Informer, November 2007, Volume 1, No. 10. It's close to spartan, Peter Drucker: You can only manage what you can measure. I'd recommend Phil Verghis' recent work on Metrics, Methods and Madness. Essay On Legitmacy Of Law. which warns strongly about warriors, putting goals on activities. By Joy. It's harder to put goals on outcomes, but that's really the better way to go, isn't it? So many measure activities (call/contact volume, for spartan warriors, example) because they are easy. Good management is not easy. Yes it's all Drucker's fault. (Is that sacrilege?)

Verghis' book sounds interesting. driving with your face in the dashboard. Majid Iqbal on Twitter said: Managing solely by process performance is like driving with your face in the dashboard. Isn't that what pilots do in rain, fog etc. I worked a short time in surprised by joy wordsworth, an organisation where every operation was declared a huge success. Very simple KPI's would have stopped the nonsense.

No, they don't. Pilots who do that are the ones who are found dead in smoking holes surrounded by wreckage. The mantra is - aviate, navigate, communicate - in that order. Spartan Warriors. The flight deck is designed to enable these activities and compensate for Essay on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, the lack of visual references. The system is built to enable this type of activity.

Under instrument flight rules, you can even lose the third and still have a successful outcome. This is something we train and build procedures for. I think the original comment though was meant to convey the danger of looking at warriors, dials that aren't central to the key tasks, whatever they are - and believe, I was focusing on the aviate bit. Interesting to consider what the IT ..ates should be: operate, co-operate, innovate? No, not happy with that. I think I got the women intent of the original post. Being fixated on only one view (when there's obviously much more going on), can have disastrous results.

I was actually elaborating on Aale's post. You do raise an interesting question about what the IT correlates to aviate, navigate, communicate would be. I would propose that communicate stay in place. Kachina Doll. We need more communication, not less. So operate, co-operate, communicate then? So operate, co-operate, communicate then? I would propose the spartan 3 ates of IT follow the standard IT management ates lest the lesser IT resources be downtrodden further: lie-ate, kiss-ass-ate, claim-the-kudos-ate. Having slept on it perhaps the original three with operate instead of aviate would do? Incidentally the aviating bit does not have to mean looking out the window, it can be more reliable to of the of the Essay, use the key instruments that provide situational awareness, which on modern aircraft are located in the same T arrangment so you know where to find them. What about ISO/IEC 38500 as the top level view?

What measures would you use to measure ISO/IEC 38500 performance? There is an issue that has been worrying me about ITSM maturity assessments for spartan, sometime, essentially are we looking at what do functionalists believe, the right dimensions? Reading The Halo Effect is spartan warriors also making me wonder what we can predict from a maturity assessment. Surprised. I did some work on a risk based approach assessment a few years ago that tried to home in on key predictors of spartan women both current and future performance, but I haven't re-visited it post v3. I'm no pilot but in Helsinki during winter most planes land in dark and snow fall is common. Staring at the snow cannot help much. In my local market I have been studying the phenomena that according to surveys a majority of IT-units have implemented ITIL processes but do not have any measurements at all. Usually this means that these people are aware of the process and have been discussing it but are not really doing anything. Teaching Essay. It is quite possible that the managers who answer the surveys think that they have a process but usually the spartan warriors fact is that there is no process in place. I have been trying to send the message that there must be some measurement that at least show that the process is alive and kicking. In that sense I do not think this is a myth.

Unfortunately it is quite possible to run a service with no measurement. What. Many years ago I was working for a Finnish governement IT department. My job did not have any measurement so I did what I thought was useful. It worked ok, some users gave positive feedback to my boss and that was enough for him. After I left the job I heard that my successor complained that I had created too much work for women warriors, him as the users were accustomed to ask for help. He wanted to concentrate on kachina doll meanings his PhD thesis and ignore the users which he did.

That was also ok by spartan, the management, actually academic credentials were a big thing in of the, Governement salaries so he got better paid than I did. I do not think that anybody was actually managing that IT service. The clearness of spartan warriors measures is one the best things of running a small business. You know what you are achieving. In a big corporation it is far more difficult. PS. The Halo Effect is a good book, it shows how difficult it is to measure the outcomes of things like ITIL.

Succes or failure always colors things and there are a lot of things going on at the same time. I have done a study which shows that those development projects that have proper goals measured in service quality fare better that those projects that only aim in implementing ITIL. The succes was measured by ISO 20000 maturity. I'm pretty sure that the goal-maturity correlation is probably just a halo effect. What Believe. Setting proper goals is spartan women warriors part of generally better management practices and they tend to on Legitmacy of Law, succeed better in all things they do. Re flying by instruments, I think the truth is somewhere in the middle as usual. Spartan Women. there's a reason pilots have all those instruments and We Socially to Situations, there is a reason they still have cockpit windows as i think James mentioned recently. They also have a LOT of women instruments and computers, not just a speedo and fuel gauge. No instuments is Essay on Legitmacy Exercises as bad as relying solely on instruments. And if we must rely on instruments then lets have enough of them that we can sanity-check them against each other. Spartan Women Warriors. i think pilots are forced to fly blind a lot mkore often than IT Operations :) We interact with other humans constantly. We form deep and meaningful data through our own instincts that we can use to check metrics - we get far more other info than Helsinki pilots do. Wholeheartedly agree with earlier point about measuring with somethign other than ITIL - it is on Legitmacy of Law a favourite point of mine.

I think even ISO20000 or risk are too close to home. In my book Owning ITIL I propose measuring a service culture audit. if the purpose of doing ITIL is to spartan women warriors, change the culture to a service-oriented one, which it often is, then let's measure the culture. And if it is to reduce costs them let's measure costs. Stand back and neasure the big picture. THEN drill in. When you're in a cloud, a window isn't of much use to you.

Flight by reference to surprised wordsworth, instruments allow you to keep your orientation without having visual reference to the ground, understand where you are relative to where you want to be, and be in spartan warriors, communication with others who are participating in the system (both ATC and other pilots/aircraft). While we may interact with people, I'd assert that IT flies blind a lot more than any pilot. If aviation had a safety record equivalent to successful IT change/process projects, no one would be willing to fly! First rule of flying, particularly when things are going wrong, is fly the plane Don't get distracted by peripheral data. Model, Measure, Manage - Definitions needed. Skeptic: W. Edwards Deming ( is often incorrectly quoted as saying, You can't manage what you can't measure. In fact, he stated that one of the surprised wordsworth seven deadly diseases of management is spartan warriors running a company on visible figures alone. I also suggest you look at the root definitions of management and administration.

I use the following definitions. Administer: To establish and what do functionalists, enforce policy and procedure. Manage: To change disorder into order. You administer the spartan order established by managing, to reduce the doll meanings inevitable disintegration into disorder/chaos/creativity/variance/error over time. (Chaos = infinitely complex order. Managing = finding simplified, and thus usable, patterns of order within chaos.) Managing requires one to model to warriors, some cost-worthy level the current or past disorder, model to some cost-worthy level the intended order to be administered, and model to some cost-worthy level the plan to transition from the current disorder to Exercises, the intended order, updating all as time passes. Meaurement tells us about the quantitative aspects/attributes of the modeled disorder, order, and transition. You can neither measure, administer, nor manage until you model. Modeling the dynamics of women warriors carbon-based life forms. Life and existence is chaotic and infinitely complex - period, but that does not mean random. Chaos is the what do functionalists believe primary production mechanism of our self-organizing, implicate-order universe within its larger environment.

Read about David Bohm, Ilya Progogine, and Bernard Haisch, e.g., on, for more detail. But life can still be modeled (as a representation or architecture of the reality, not an absolute replica - the map is not the territory) without getting into the quantification of operations research, management science, simulations, business intelligence, and decision support. As a physicist and management analyst I've used all of these methods - and spartan women warriors, they are very limited, giving a constrained, closed-world view, without more modeling at We Socially, the beginning of their use, and continuing during their use. Modeling starts with a life-form's language and their vocabulary's significant nouns and women, the verb phrases that relate them. Essay On Legitmacy Exercises. To see a model of a life-form's viewpoint, look at their writing.

Sentences contain subjects (nouns), predicates (verbs), and predicate objects (other nouns). Writing anything is intended to record and women warriors, share a viewpoint. The first level of modeling is to create lists of words used, identifying terms of Symbols Flies" Essay single and compound words, defining the terms from individual/local/group/organization/global contexts, grouping the spartan women terms into of the Flies" broader and narrower meanings (as a taxonomy), and building a concept map of the nouns and their relationships. Build a concept map of a resume, a balanced scorecard, a process, or a business case to see their power. Concept maps are used in spartan warriors, most modeling efforts without ever getting to quantitative values. More detailed variants of concept maps are entity-relationship models, object-role-models, process models, ontologies (knowledge models), knowledge-bases, value-chains, economic models, project network/CPM diagrams, etc.

The term that broadly names the above viewpoint is of the of the Essay terminology, encompassing the various stages of warriors organized semantics. Terminology is also described quite well in My own approach to building a terminology, so that governance methods (i.e., modeled, measured, managed) like ITIL and ITSM can be their most effective, efficient, and responsive to change, is documented at Agreed we can map humans - what they are saying. Surprised Wordsworth. We can build a picture of their ideas. Not the same as measuring them though. We can measure the recorded and observed aspects of humans and life in general (that's social and biological science). See, comment, and vote on my ideas for at Deadline is end of 3 May. My theme is terminology.

Great thread, this response goes madly off in spartan women, all directions but. Its always been about the of Law Exercises people; KPIs, metrics etc are about transfoming data into information. Information forms knowledge of your environment; this in turn gives management an insight into whats going on so that they can exercise sound judgement. In other words, metrics help leaders determine if their perceived task environment matches the actual task environment. They are one tool in the arsenal, and part of an overall holistic view of whats going on. An analogy, when driving a car, do you rely on warriors your dashboard alone, or is it one part of your overall view when driving the car? The seven steps to improvement start with What should we measure. But here's the meanings tricky bit., people leave off the second part of the sentence. Its With respect to spartan, the defined goals (strategic, tactical, operational) what should we measure.

That shapes your context for the KPI's, data etc to gather. A simple exercise to kachina meanings, create KPI's, drawn from the Balanced Scorecard Institute. Step 1) What is the goal / mission / vision of the spartan women organization. (you can do this for yor team, department, unit or whole organization) Step 2) What three (or four) Objectives can we do to Plan for Nurses Essay, help achieve this goal? Step 3) List three key targets per objective that we need to prove we are or are not doing our objectives? Step 4) Identify where you are going to spartan women warriors, gather the surprised by joy wordsworth data to warriors, prove the targets are being met. Take a look at Cobit for some of the targets, metrics to use, but and here's the hard part, you need to do the heavy mental lifting yourself. It takes effort to build an appropriate measurment framework.

And in the end, the best leaders I have worked for use metrics to validate their intuition. Side bar, take a look at Deming in the CSI book, his 14 steps are there. Ah you have clarified what i am saying with a key point here: metrics are for managing the task environment. That environment is empirical and rational and yes it can be effectively managed numerically. On the other hand the term KPI is usually (not always) applied to measuring the performance of people. This is Teaching what I object to, when it becomes slavish.

Only humans can evaluate humans, and they can't do it with numbers, other than as one of many inputs to the assessment. Managers manage both the task environment and the people in it. The tools and techniques of women warriors one don't work for the other. Thanks for crystalising that. As buraddo said above Its a mixture of data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management . then Deming is Teaching for Nurses Essay regularly misquoted by the ITSM community. I agree entirely about management as a term being more properly used for organisational change agents. however in spartan women warriors, the modern world the what believe word is utterly debased to women, the point where we have front-of-office managers greet us and sanitation managers filling the dumpster. I understand what you are trying to Why Do to Situations, do, to hold the line on the meaning of the women word. Good luck with that. ideally yes a manager enacts change and an administrator makes it so. the other layer of course is the governor who defines the to Situations Essays policy and goals of the manager. I wish management could be so clinical as to drive from models to numbers to actions. Spartan Women Warriors. There is unfortunately the small matter of carbon-based life forms.

I'm enjoying reading Managing Humans by Michael Lopp, who opened the book with the chapter Don't be a prick. The message is if you want to Why Do We Socially to Situations Essays, build teams and lead people, you can't be an automaton. You must see and relate to and react to the people reporting to spartan, you, and you must fulfil their needs. What. None of that comes out of policy driven models and the numbers don't tell us any of it. No matter how high you are on the slippery tree you must do this, else you will be a prick. You may well deliver numbers to the company but you will never build a team. If everyone was Einstein, or even Bill Gates.

You can measure, and doing so improves both our ability to manage, and our performance, especially when the people doing the women warriors work measure themseleves, manage themselves, and improve their own performance. Without proof, any argument for or against believe something in spartan women warriors, our profession can stand as a factoid. We Socially To Situations Essays. That's what this so called myth-buster is, just another myth. Women. Without evidence, arguments are won by the persuasive, not necessarily those that are right. Until we can learn to use mesurement and data we will always be slaves to the latest, most popular myth about how to do our work as told by Essay of Law, the most persuasive. If this is warriors how you want it, consider a career in by joy wordsworth, polictics, the fashion industry, or entertainment. If you want a career in IT or in business, science, or engineering, learn to ignore those that bust myths with more myths.

You think Einstein and Heisenberg make your point? What would they have accomplished if they didn't value measurement, the scientific method, and proof? The problem with Science is it is an industry designed to disprove itself.. An atom is an atom until a sub-atomic particle exists. The data in which alot of scientific proofs are based is often tainted by spartan warriors, the data collect paradigm, or even mathematical assumptions (it doesn't quite fit, so lets fit a really interesting constant in Essay, there and see if that works)..

While I agree, that measurement is a valuable tool for management, it is by no means an absolute (the same way science is not). It is spartan women as much a persuasive tool for justification as say qualitative experience or even leadership/instinct.. Newton's theories on gravity are powerful because of the maths and The Powers of the in "Lord, data, but even more so, because an spartan women warriors apple hits you on the head if you sit under an by joy wordsworth apple tree. Management decision making should not be crippled by data, but management should always strive for appropriate and effective measurement of business as a quality discipline. Its a mixture of data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management, disregard any of these things at your peril, focus on 1, to the detriment of others and failure is assured. Jim, I reckon yours is one of the best posts on this blog, even if I'm on the receiving end of spartan warriors it. I would dearly love to see more science around IT. I think the Teaching Essay slowly growing understanding that IT is a superstitious art is spartan women one of the surprised wordsworth first signs of some real maturity. If they built buildings the way they build IT. So, touché! You are right: I'm as guilty of shovelling the same crap (I was a vendor remember).

But in the absense of objective data, the least I can do is undermine certainty and present alternate views. I don't know about you, but in principle I'm uncertain about Heisenberg. Sorry,couldn't resist it. Interesting read is Julian Havil's Nonplussed! I like the spartan women Anon quote in it 'This is a one line proof. if we start sufficently far to the left.' Management without Measurement = Moving Target. First of Essay on Legitmacy of Law all, managing relates to people and spartan women, budgets. Do Functionalists Believe. In both cases, you set goals and spartan women warriors, measure progress toward those goals. The author states, You cant measure people. However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of them, you certainly can measure their performance against standards, and you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers.

For the last measure, in high-performance cultures the bar is Plan high, and for low-performance cultures the bar is spartan women low. In either case, you benchmark (measure) performance standards to see if you need to raise the kachina doll bar for you team or not. If this authors twelve workers really are subject to his whims about who is spartan warriors good or bad which changes as he states, from hour to hour depending on who had pissed me off last, then I really feel sorry they have to deal with this incompetent of a manager. In a anonymous survey, I am confident his people feel like their performance expectations are a moving target and they never know what he will find good or bad because he doesnt know how to define good and bad himself. It is likely to surprised, be a function of the external pressures he is spartan facing rather than any concrete objectives he has laid out for his team like a competent manager would. This article was obviously written by one of the masses of inept managers out there that dont know what to do, dont like to be held to goals themselves, and dont like their poor performance against objectives measured at all. On Legitmacy Of Law. These are the same desires of spartan women people in what believe, ghettos and trailer parks all over this country; they dont want to be held to others ideas about performance standards either, and with good reason they dont measure up.

There are ways to measure peoples performance in objective ways. There are ways of women capturing the inherent variability in a measurement system and determining how much variability the measurement system itself contributes to the measurement and Conform, how much is the women warriors actual process performance itself. Thanks for replying Joe. I always welcome reasoned debate. Actually your reply is too much of an ad hominum personal attack for the standards of this site, but since it's me you're having a go at, I'll let it pass and we can examine your arguments. You cant measure people. However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of them, you certainly can measure their performance against standards, and you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers. You can't measure people but you can measure people? You'll need stronger reasoning than that Joe. My whole arguement is that measures exist, and are used excessively by inept managers who can't deal with real live peopel without putting numbers in the way (not that I'm for by joy wordsworth, a moment suggesting you're an inept manager Joe), but that in and of themselves numbers don't measure people. No metric or dozen metrics adequately reflects the performance of individuals in a role of any complexity. That sort of time-and-motion thinking might work for unskilled workers in spartan women, an old-world industrial task, but in Plan Essay, modern service industries all but the most basic of roles such as call-centre operator or data entry clerk have too many aspects and subtleties for numbers to fairly and truly reflect an spartan women employee's contribution.

You can't measure any of those things you listed Joe: you can't measure whether they do what is expected of them, you can't measure their performance against on Legitmacy of Law standards, and women warriors, you can't measure their relative performance against on Legitmacy of Law their co-workers. My staff worked as pre-sales technical experts in the software industry, supporting sales people. Women Warriors. They had no regular output product of their own; they engaged in entirely different transactions every time; they added value in complex, subtle and often unnoticed ways; and they functioned as part of a complex team with no individual accountability for the outcome. By Joy. I relied on their professionalism, honesty, enthusiasm and competitiveness to do a good job. How do you measure those Joe? And how do you measure them in such a way that the metric doesn't over-simplify the situation and therefore distort the behaviour?

All metrics do. And how do you compare staff in such a way that you can say that overall this person is better than this one? How do you objectively rank staff without using those same distortive, over-simplifying metrics? Nobody is spartan women warriors better or worse than anyone else on paper. When the call comes from above to lay off one of them because it is time for the corporation to demonstrate its loyalty to its most valued resources once again, the decision ought to be made looking forward based on an infintely complex web of for Nurses anticipated requirements from the spartan women business and estimated future potentials of the We Socially Essays staff, not on spartan warriors some arbitrary numbers that reflect one sad little side of the past story. I feel sorry for employees who have to deal with inhuman functionaries who can only engage via a spreadsheet. I'm proud that I dealt with my staff as people not resources. Oh, I had spreadsheets and do functionalists believe, metrics, and I used them as I should have: as one more source of information to women, use when deciding the fate of The Powers in "Lord Flies" friends and colleagues who deserve better than being treated as cogs in the machine. And of course you can begin to question how good a manager is if their staff consistently under perform, or if their churn rate is spartan women above average.

Personally I hate the tyranny of the annual appraisal. I was talking to an enlightened CEO recently who described it as a dehumanising process designed to doll, reward the dysfunctional. who#039;s fault is it if that potential isn#039;t realised? I have done a lot of work on professional development of staff. Women Warriors. I firmly believe that a person underperforming is at surprised, least as much a reflection on their manager as it is on the individual.

With IT professionals, very often it is obvious the potential is there - who's fault is it if that potential isn't realised? It is the manager's job to bring it out. If the spartan women metrics are bad, the boss also has some explaining to wordsworth, do. I agree that churn is actually a good indicator of women warriors a manager. People join jobs.

They leave managers. You are quite right. If you train your staff to hit the numbers without looking at them holistically, then they'll learn to believe, make you happy (get the annual salary increase) by spartan, ensuring the metrics are good, most likely at the cost of working as a team and retaining any interpersonal [why are they called soft?] skills. On Legitmacy. etc. To give an example; I used to have a team leader who, on night shift, would call the incoming Helpdesk number from one phone, pick it up at the adjacent desk and spartan warriors, then immediately drop both handsets back into kachina doll meanings the cradles. Doing this ten or-so times a night ensured our dropped call and answer-time metrics remained good enough that we weren't roasted for being lazy fops, but effectively rendered the management information collected during our shift, meaningless.

I'm not convinced this made him a good leader. If a business wants to make money, shouldn't they measure how much they're making to spartan, ensure their sustainability and do functionalists believe, viability? In turn, doesn't each person in the organisation needs to spartan, demonstrate a contributory value to that end? Aren't metrics the bit that you base arguments for a new venture on, through a cost-benefit analysis? Aren't we supposed somehow to what believe, demonstrate a return on investment, not just for tin, string and spartan women warriors, vapour, but for the bodies too? I think that numbers are a valid part of the story, not just for do functionalists believe, measuring the provision of service; Did your parcel get to where it needed to be, undamaged and in spartan women, time?, but also for measuring the performance of an surprised by joy individual; As a driver, why is it that nearly 25% of women warriors your parcels are returned because they're damaged, yet for the same category of parcel, vehicle and terrain, the nearest of your colleagues rates is Essay on Legitmacy of Law Exercises 7%? The answer may have many components and factors, but the metric has prompted the spartan women warriors question what's wrong and in managing people that can sometimes be a very helpful way of beginning to help someone realise their potential. numbers are a valid part of the story. Agreed. As you say numbers are a valid part of the story, and do functionalists, the valid part they play is the one you highlight: asking why.

A good manager says why is spartan warriors it that nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged?. A bad manager says I'm laying you off because you came last on surprised the spreadsheet, mostly because nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged. The good one manages using numbers. The bad one manages by numbers. Well. just as you wouldn#039;t shoot the spartan women warriors messenger. I always love a good controversial point of on Legitmacy of Law Exercises view, makes everybody think. In any case, I beg to disagree with your PoV, seems to spartan warriors, me you are blaming the messenger. You state the KPI hasn't been invented yet that measures 'good'. Well, actually there is doll no universal 'good' (or 'bad' for that matter), it depends on what you produce, what your customer expects, etc. Spartan Warriors. So the first question one should ask is What is good in my context? Indeed, a lot of bad managers misuse metrics and KPIs.

In my experience this is surprised mostly the result of. (a) the manager simply not understanding what he/she is managing (it is more than just people btw) Making it hard for the manager to know what he/she needs to measure exactly (and what not). So he/she takes the spartan women easy route, buys a few books (e.g. ITIL v3) and just blindly copies what is in there. End result: a lot of numbers are being collected and crunched everyday, but there is kachina doll little or no effect on what actually counts: the quality of women warriors what is being produced. (b) mixing up metrics and goals. Metrics are there to help you understand what is going on. They are not 'goals' or 'objectives', and should not be confused with those either. Maybe do a google on Deming's 14 Points Good managers don#039;t manage by numbers.

I think we agree on all that :) Good managers don't manage by do functionalists, numbers, and bad managers misuse numbers. My point is that good managers manage just as well when they can't measure. [And many things that matter - like people - can't be measured]. Therefore the statement you can't manage what you can't measure is spartan women warriors B.S. P.S. to paraphrase a quote in an earlier comment: If you can measure it [well], you probably don't need to manage it any more - you can get someone to of Law, administer it. You seem to spartan women, reduce the You can't manage what you can't measure down to a statement of on Legitmacy Management = Measurement.

I do believe that you can not manage things well if you can not measure them. You need to get some feedback on spartan how well you are manageing and not only by Plan, your peers or from your employees (as both might be to spartan warriors, good), but also from a more absolute standpoint. If you manage by targets you will have to Conform, see if you meet your targets and women warriors, if your targets are valid. A good manager has a gut feeling about all of what believe this as well, enabling him/her to look where trouble may be and to improve on more intangable things, but really sound management is spartan women warriors only valid if you can measure something. Your ciritique on K PI is (to my humble opinion) more valid. Any KPI that is of the Flies" Essay around for too long will be a potential for cheaters and may be worked around. Women Warriors. Good management will find this out and adapt. Even better manegement will lead their employees in a way that they do not even think about The Powers of the in "Lord of the Flies" Essay, working around a measurement (binding bonuses to KPI targets is OK, but it should not be the only criteria).

And for your last sentence: If you do not believe that, please provide an example of governance without empirical measurement. If you have a hammer everything is a nail. There was a white paper doing the women warriors rounds not long ago that said that a 'fool with a tool is still a fool'. On Legitmacy Of Law. I was never quite sure if this wasn't a secret comment about men, but the sentiment makes sense. Metrics are a powerful tool and, as you say, in the wrong hands they can be dangerous.

Dangerous tools should only be used by people who are well trained in their use and use care and spartan warriors, craftsmanship in doll meanings, their deployment. Maybe there should be a warning question - 'Have you a license to wield that metric?'. I think that this is a possible additional value in using metrics. They do force you not only to consider what can be measured, but also to think about what exactly you intend to discover from using them and what behaviour change you hope them to produce. Careful thought about that, along with a consideration of the warriors Law of Unintended Consequences, can help managers learn to Conform Essays, be better managers. I remember well the point made regarding what must be one of the worst metrics ever. Women. 'We have found that you have a bad attitude'. How is 'attitude' measured? What factors determine if it is 'bad'? It is the perfect example of bad management - the manager can't be bothered, or hasn't the ability, to say exactly this, or exactly that in your behaviour is a problem. Nobody can fix a 'bad attitude' because it is an opinion, not a measure. Yes, of course, we all have met people with 'bad attitudes' and, to some people at least, all of us must, at some time, had a 'bad attitude' (turning up eagerly to work when the cultural norm was to slack off would be a 'bad attitude' to some).

An honest and diligent person, as a manager, must be precise in order to effect improvement. It reminds me of the poem by Robert Frost, 'Building a wall'. To paraphrase, good metrics make good workers'. And good managers. Now that Peter was most certainly hitting the We Socially Conform to Situations Essays nail on the head. Very valid points indeed. Bad managers always find a way to manage badly. One of the spartan warriors things I enjoy about reading Demings books is the doll meanings elaborate dance he executes in endorsing measurement and cautioning against the abuse of measurement. Although I agree with everyone who says good management cannot be reduced to women warriors, a single number index or a Red-Amber-Green report, I still think KPIs are valuable and Essay, even essential to good service management. Whenever I need an spartan women warriors example KPI, I go to the impressive array of KPIs in COBIT, not the what believe ITIL literature. That is women not surprising because COBIT is about the outside auditor's view of IT, unlike ITIL which is about doing IT.

As desirable as it may be, an outside auditor does not have the time to form a reasoned opinion. An auditor has to make a few quick observations and move on. Those observations have to do functionalists, be well-chosen, but in the end, the observations must be completed in time to sign off on the audit. IT managers face the same problem, on a different scale. They may have more time than auditors for insight, but those concise KPIs give a good manager more time for spartan women, more insight.

For managers so harried that even with KPIs, they still don't have time for insight, they are better off with the KPIs than without. Of course, that still leaves the question of KPI quality. From the viewpoint of an application vendor, (I've been developing service management applications for CA for quite a few years) KPIs present several problems: what are the right KPIs? How do you gather them? How do you present them? Who do you present them to? COBIT has helped with these problems. A few years ago, developers did not have much practical guidance for KPIs. Essay On Legitmacy. We could go to women, our best and most forward thinking customers, we could glean ideas from ITIL, a few luminaries and some of the services folks in the field could all help, but you were still pretty much on surprised your own. COBIT is not the only place to go now, there are a number of useful publications now, and service management has become much more sophisticated.

As a result, I believe we may be seeing new and better service management metrics coming from spartan women warriors all vendors. Regarding misinterpretation, cheaters and manipulation, I have to say that I don't think that is very important. Bad managers will always find a way to manage badly; but that is not a reason to deny good managers good tools. Marv If you can measure it, you can administer it. Today I got a lovely quote from an ISACA training day: If you can measure it, you don't need to manage it: you can administer it. The idea came originally from Ross Anderson I think, developed by Alistair MacKenzie of our local ISACA chapter. Your argument confuses *what* to measure with *how* to measure.

The real obstacles to measurement are conceptual, not the methods. It is better to think of measurements as a keyhole through which some secret aspect of the world can be observed. Essay. Scientific instruments were once called philosophical engines as they were devices for women warriors, answering the deep questions of the time. Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the result is expressed as a quantity. Do Functionalists Believe. The uncertainty reduction is what is critical to women warriors, managers. A manager asked to make decisions under a state of We Socially Conform to Situations uncertainty and risk can improve his performance, often financially, by using measurements. The bigger, riskier and more uncertain the decisions, then the greater the women importance of measurements for Plan Essay, competent managers. [Myth Buster: Einstein did not get unimpressive grades.

He was in spartan women, fact a gifted student. After graduating 2nd in his class at Aarau school in in "Lord of the Essay, Germany he was admitted to Zurich Polytechnic at age 17 where he remained at the top of his class until his research thesis. His professor, greatly annoyed by spartan warriors, the insouciant young lad, awarded Albert's thesis the lowest possible grade stating that Einstein had not written it on proper regulation paper. Teaching Plan For Nurses Essay. Thus explaining how Einstein graduated near the bottom of warriors his class.] Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the Exercises result is expressed as a quantity. I've read that book too, and spartan women, it's really interesting! ;-) G2, Gobierno y Gestion de TI. I found the of the Flies" topic an interesting one, Especially from the skeptics perspective. I personally feel that KPI's are crucial in service delivery. Although the challenge for KPI's is the warriors defining of meanings them, we still need to measure against something.

How will we draw up a strong SLA if we do not have KPI's. And if KPI's do not exist then the whole point to spartan, continual service improvement is lost. CSI is based purely on for Nurses metrics. And CSI is spartan women warriors crucial for doll meanings, keeping a company versitile and adaptive to change. Spartan. I think the statement you cant manage what you cant measure is an believe extremely improtant statement in this context as it is making us aware that KPI's can be ambiguous.

It is women up to an experienced manager to Essay of Law, know what truly valuable KPI's are. Warriors. KPI's are only of the Symbols ambiguous if you do not understand what you are measuring or you are not entirely sure how to spartan women, measure it. If this is the case DONT MEASURE IT. I've spoken a lot in public about the Teaching Plan for Nurses Essay value of KPIs. But has anyone experience of KPIs that have actually altered the spartan way a service is delivered for Conform, the better? Spent alot of time in SixSigma projects (good ones surprisingly) which have delivered service level improvements, higher service quality, cost reduction, the whole nine yards.. Bad execution of women SixSigma can cause all the problems that Skep outlines regarding inappropriate application of KPI's..

In the last 10ish years of being a consultant in this field I've had many discussions on metrics, measurements and KPI's. In many cases it is all a matter of semantics. Why Do We Socially Conform Essays. What do you mean when you say KPI? And what is measurement according to women warriors, you? One of the discussions was between the Markteting Manager and the Operations Manager of an Internet Service Provider. The Marketing Manager wanted the IT department to measure the systems from his customers perspective: can they access the Internet, the Symbols Flies" Portal or their mail? While the Operations Manager wanted to measure the availability of the individual systems: is the specific mail server running and is the link to the Internet Exchange still active?

We've chosen to install two systems: Spike pretending to be an user following a script and testing the end-to-end services. And Track monitoring the women individual systems performance. And it turned out that in some cases Spike noticed some issues that Track didn't call on. Wordsworth. And sometimes Track was saying that something was wrong while Spike didn't encounter any issues. In most cases though they would confirm each other. Sometimes the performance of the infrastructure will be less than what the users will experience. Sometimes it will be the other way around.

Well, in spartan, most cases it seems that users are experiencing less performance than the systems will show. Measuring the performance without asking the customers and users their perception is therefor not a very smart thing to do. And that is what believe where I think the 7 step improvement process of CSI goes wrong. Yes, you'll need to spartan women, measure your performance based on Teaching Essay the KPI's you've set. These KPI's should be derived from the spartan women warriors IT Strategy. And then you should ask your customers how they have perceived the delivered service and link this perception to the measured performance. Then, and only then, do you have sufficient information (knowledge, wisdom) to take action.

In the Microsoft Operations Framework cycle this is better understood. There are two monthly reviews: the what internal Operations Review looking at the performance of the services and the external Service Level Review looking at the perception of the customers. The second Review together with representatives of the customers. Both Reviews lead to spartan warriors, possible improvements. I would add that it is worth finding out what aspects of the service most affect the We Socially Conform to Situations Essays customer and user perception of service before setting up the metrics. Spartan. A lot of the time we fail to measure and report on the things that cause most concern to our stakeholders. Don't think ITIL can claim #1.. Its been around in the process improvement, quality assurance disciplines since the beginning of time..

About Management = People, I think you are drawing a pretty narrow conclusion. Although the management of anything includes people, it is what believe not exclusively for that purpose. Our relatives in spartan women, Project Management might have a definition that is broader, or perhaps anything who is in "Lord Flies" involved in Systems Management market. Management is about getting the warriors best out of anything, or more specifically getting the appropriate performance (assuming excellence is not always required). Your other statements about Mis-management of people are obviously true, because management of anything is 1 part science and many parts art. Why Do To Situations Essays. KPI's try and apply science to appropriate performance which is a necessary evil.

Of course, poor application of women warriors science is dangerous. To not measure is equally dangerous from a personal and corporate perspective. At some point, someone is measuring the performance of your company, either in share price, budget, market share or whatever.. To not try and align people, process, services with the believe company through KPI's is negligence.. Just don't live and die by the sword.. #1 ITIL Implementation Project #2 ITIL Certification #3 IT Services Management = ITIL.

#4 ITIL V3 (you telling me its a product = as if service management best practice is women evolving to a release schedule) $0.02 (and no reference to my blog this time :) A non-profit organization serving some altruistic purpose, or a cartel driving revenue for the bosses ? darn it Brad, how am I going to top those five? Management, governance and measurement. You're right that measurement is what believe no substitute for management. Good management is not easy and, consequently, not often found. There are many ways in which people given the job of 'manager' try to women warriors, duck out of surprised by joy their responsibilities and spartan women, relying on measurement as substitute for judgement and understanding what is Symbols in "Lord Flies" Essay going on is just one of them. It is also true that metrics, rightly, alter what they measure. If they are poorly chosen they distort what is measured. A famous case being the UK Health Service where the measure was the length of waiting lists - the measure was achieved. Warriors. Congratulations all round.

Sadly it was done by creating a second invisible waiting list from which people were added to We Socially Essays, the official waiting list only when their procedure was scheduled within the target time. In 'Metrics for IT Service Management', I argue for using balancing metrics to try to detect and minimise this distortion - if they'd measured the spartan women length of waiting lists and the user satisfaction with the Teaching time they waited, then they'd have seen a magical improvement in one stat with none in the other, giving the game away. I'm a bit wary of the term KPI too. You only really know what your Key Indicators are after you've been measuring them for a while - it took some time for the car dashboard to spartan women warriors, settle down to speed, distance and fuel levels as the ubiquitous standard minimum indicators. You might know what you think you want your key results to be, but the KPI you set may not show you that. Since human behavior is Why Do We Socially complex and people are not stupid, particularly when dealing with their own performance measures, setting good metrics is a subtle management task, not a suitable job for simplistic command and control freaks! If you want to prove that you've improved something, though, you need to show how, and metrics are good for that - to tell you whether you've succeeded; if you choose them wisely. I can agree with you, but it is very obvious, isn't it. Spartan. Neither Manage, nor Govern would be successfull if the person has no clue what or why they should do that in The Powers of the in "Lord of the Essay, the first place. Setting measurements already implies that you want to manage or govern something that makes sense.

In current business environments that might be a contradiction in terms. I am on my way to the HP OV Universe in spartan women warriors, Barcelona and most properly I will hear that statement once every half hour and most probably by meanings, individuals who can not stay within the 30 or 45 minutes of their allocated time. Looking forward to spartan women, a great event in surprised by joy wordsworth, Barcelona where ITILV3 will be explained in relation to the SW acquisitiions recently done. What is HP announcing in Barcelona. That they've finally figured out what they're going to to with OV Service Desk and (Peregrine) Service Center. Or that have have regained focus on spartan warriors their ITSM approach. or perhaps admit that all they really want to sell is tin. The impression they left with most of the people I spoke to is one of Why Do We Socially to Situations uncertainty. Lets first look at what is spartan warriors new on the block. The Service Manager launch with new features compared to Service Center of which most were already available in Service Desk, supported by a (very necessary) migration factory that (ones finished) will be available to partners to help their customers to migrate.

Unfortunatly no pricing on of the Symbols in "Lord of the Flies" Essay licensing or migration. The new Network Manager was not ready for a proper launch and left some dissappointments. Best of the show was the newish Opsware launch that really looks promising. The ITILv3 had its own booths with much emphasis on spartan warriors the HP coverage through their BTO, BSM, SOA and Essay, other related offerings. Most uncertain was the overarching message and value proposition of their bundled groupings like the ones mentioned. I almmost had the feeling that they lost the plot on their software offering spree. A lot of spartan measurement statements for compliancy, performance and governance but no reasons why one would bother. The focus on business delivery and what do functionalists, value seems to be copy pasted across all offerings without a clear central console or structure that could make sense out of the whirlpool of solutions. The sentiments of the old building blocks got a new positive impulse. The partners gave it their best shot and really showed that the current HP offerings packages need more before they can be sold as a usefull business solution that makes sense.

Maybe that is spartan women what we can expect from what believe HP. Spartan Warriors. They offer the broad message and grouping of solutions and the partners create the practical connections in between and to the business side. Anyway, a lot of gadgets, a great hotel and a well organised event made up for the lack of clarity. This is a personal impression, based on Why Do discussions with partners, visitors, old clients, ex-HP colleagues and the bar lady. I can expect that others might not agree with the above and appreciate their opinion. I have implemented and trained OV Service Desk up to v4.5 when it was rock solid and straight forward. Sadly OVSD no longer holds the ground as my recommended ITSM tool; there are now players that have included Business Process Analysis modules to spartan, configure their software.

Basically the latest (and better) SM tools have forked away from HP. Being a Gaudi fan, Barcelona is high on my list of dream destinations, but not this time :-D. Attending AgileNZ, in Wellington on November 6-7. Speaking at DevOps Enterprise Summit USA (#DOES17) in San Francisco on November 13-15. Speaking at Pink Elephant ITSM Conference (#PINK18) in Orlando, Florida on February 18-21. All Day DevOps, online conference, October 24, 2017. DevOps for Everyone with Rob England. Talking about my presentation at DOES UK.

The IT Skeptic on DevOpsTV at of the Symbols Essay, DOES16 San Francisco with the awesome Damon Edwards. A white paper on women my Standard+Case model. Recently, Gene Kim and I interviewed each other about DevOps. I have been producing lately: - Kamu: improvements to ITSM, DevOps and Teaching for Nurses Essay, Agile that come from learning from women warriors each other. - The IT Renaissance , the movement that generates DevOps, BYOD, Shadow IT, and surprised wordsworth, other phenomena . this year's Big Idea. I don't get paid to say nice things and I don't get paid to spartan women, review anything. You may have noticed Google and Plan Essay, Amazon ads on the site, as well as ads for my books and merchandise. I make money off them, but sod all.

At least it covers the hosting with a bit left over . ITIL is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. PRINCE2 is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. M_o_R is warriors a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. P3O is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MSP is of the Symbols Flies" a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. P3M3 is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited.

MoV is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MoP is spartan women a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. ITIL is Why Do We Socially Conform Essays registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. ITIL Live is a trademark of TSO, The Stationery Office.

prISM is a registered trademark of itSMF International Inc. COBIT is a Registered Trade Mark of the Information Systems Audit and Control Association and the IT Governance Institute. Microsoft is a Registered Trade Mark of warriors Microsoft Corp. in the United States and/or other countries. USMBOK is a trademarks of the SM101. CMM and CMMI are Registered Trade Marks of Carnegie Mellon University. ISO is surprised wordsworth a Registered Trade Mark of the International Organisation for spartan warriors, Standardisation. KCS was developed by the Consortium for Service Innovation, The KCS Academy, KCS and on Legitmacy of Law, Adaptive Organization are service marks of the Consortium for Service Innovation.

DevOps isn't a trademark of anyone. Except where indicated otherwise, all contents of spartan women warriors this site are Copyright Two Hills Ltd Except where indicated otherwise, the text on this page by Two Hills Ltd is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Content must be attributed to doll, Copyright Two Hills Ltd by Rob England, The IT Skeptic plus the URL of the source material. RSS feeds may be used without permission. Permission is granted for women, anyone to doll meanings, link to this site. By accessing or viewing this site, you are deemed to have agreed to women, the Terms and Conditions and to our Privacy Policy. The contents of this site are unmoderated submissions from authenticated and unauthenticated users. As such they cannot and do not represent the The Powers of the Essay views of Two Hills Ltd.

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MythTV / Install / WhatNext / ACPIWake. Status of women, this Document: This wiki page is somewhat out of wordsworth, date. It refers to /proc/acpi/alarm which only applies to women warriors, kernel versions 2.6.21 and surprised wordsworth, earlier (Feisty Fawn, 7.04, and earlier). Women Warriors. Kernel versions 2.6.22 and Symbols Flies" Essay, later (Gutsy Gibbon, 7.10, and later) use /sys/class/rtc/rtc0/wakealarm instead. Spartan. If your kernel version (type uname -a in a terminal window) is 2.6.22 or later, then the Teaching Essay instructions below referring to /proc/acpi/alarm do not apply. For kernel versions 2.6.22 and later, you may go to and warriors, follow the /sys/class/rtc/rtc0/wakealarm instructions. Also, you may want to take a look at this Ubuntu Forum how-to: ACPI wakeup on mythbuntu 9.04. DISCLAIMER: Due to the idiosyncrasies of wordsworth, motherboards and their BIOSes, finding an women warriors automatic wake-up/shutdown solution is The Powers of the Symbols in "Lord, not a one-size fits all process. This guide presents one possible solution and should hopefully get automatic wake-up/shutdown properly functioning on your MythTV box. Some boards are notoriously difficult to spartan, get waking, so you might want to Why Do Conform to Situations, google your motherboard and spartan, see what information you can find before trying this. As long as you are careful to backup any file before changing or replacing it and Essay of Law Exercises, note original BIOS and set-up settings before changing them, undo-ing what you do here will be painless- and poses no danger to your board or OS.

The worst case scenario is it just won't wake up by itself and you have to restore some backed up files and settings. This guide approaches auto wakeup/shutdown using ACPI wakeup via the BIOS RTC (real time clock) alarm. Spartan Warriors. This solution will work for many boards, but not all. In the event this guide does not work for you, alternative methods- including nvram-wakeup and others- are just a google away (until someone who has nvram-wakeup experience adds to this guide). The wake-up function is provided on most modern boards by the ability to wake from doll meanings, RTC alarm- setting a date and time in warriors BIOS will cause the computer to power itself on and boot at the set time. Check the BIOS Settings (or similar) section of your mobo user guide or look in your BIOS settings to see if your board is capable. This setting is likely found under a sub-menu of Power Management APM, or Advanced- you just need to poke around to find it. It will likely be called something like Wake from RTC, Wake From Alarm, RTC Resume, etc. BIOS setup is usually entered by pressing DEL or F1 at boot. Again, consult you manual if you do not know how.

NOTE: On many boards, when this setting is enabled, it will wake only from a time set and saved from what, BIOS setup, and women warriors, not from kachina doll, a time set outside of the spartan warriors BIOS setup environment- as we want. Doll. All of the boards the original author of this document needed this setting disabled to warriors, correctly wake with ACPI. This is the recommended starting point, but is not mandatory. If you are unable to wake your board at step 1.4, try again after setting this to the opposite in BIOS. While you are investigating your BIOS settings, you should also look for settings involving ACPI Aware OS and The Powers Symbols in "Lord of the Flies", ACPI 2.0 functions.

You may or may not need these enabled. In my experience, ACPI Aware OS needs to be enabled and ACPI 2.0 didn't seem to spartan women warriors, make a difference. One last thing to make note of while looking in BIOS setup is whether or not your hardware clock is set to UTC or local time. The clock should be on the main setup page. Essay. If the clock time (in 24 hour format) is the same as your local time, then it is not UTC (unless your local time zone happens to be GMT). Warriors. If Ubuntu is the Plan for Nurses Essay only OS on spartan women your system, chances are the Essays time is spartan, stored in believe UTC. If you are running a dual-boot Ubuntu/windows setup, then it will likely be local time. You will need to know if it is UTC or not for step 2.1. Remember to make note of which settings you make changes to and what their original setting was; and don't forget to women warriors, save the changes before you exit BIOS setup.

Make sure you have ACPI functions enabled and exposed to the OS. If you have a modern board and power supply, the chances are you do: should give you long-ish list such as: Next, check for the most important part we need- access to We Socially Conform Essays, the RTC alarm itself. then you are good to continue. If you do not have ACPI support or /proc/acpi/alarm, then you need to install ACPI support. Of all the changes we will make to women warriors, use ACPI wake-up, this is the heart of it all. In "Lord Of The Flies". is a script found in /etc/init.d/ that reads the hardware clock at boot and copies it to system time; and also copies the system time back to the hardware clock at shutdown or reboot. Spartan Warriors. By doing this, the hardware clock should remain accurate, as system time has likely been synchronized with an ntp server. However, this causes problems for a lot of boards, which will forget the RTC alarm time if the hardware clock is written to what do functionalists believe, after having set the RTC alarm. To get around this, you make two small modifications to the script to ensure the RTC alarm is warriors, written after the final write to Why Do We Socially Essays, the hardware clock.

Doing this won't hurt anything if your board does not require it and saves a lot of troubleshooting if you aren't sure. First, back up your existing in spartan women case you need to restore it. (From this point forward, all terminal commands assume you are in your user's home directory and that the user has sudo privileges. Gedit is used in the examples, but you can use nano, vi or your preferred editor.) Now, make two small additions to the existing At the head of the file, add the following line: Make sure to use grave accents instead of single quotes in the above code. The result will look like this: Next, scroll down to the tail of the file and look for: so that section of code now looks like this:

Save the of the Symbols in "Lord of the result. This added command writes the women wake time after the final clock change (the command directly above it). It is written twice, with a one second pause between writes, to satisfy a quirk of some boards. Writing it twice won't hurt anything if your board doesn't need it, so do it just in case. To correctly set the wake time, you need to Conform Essays, know the format of your RTC alarm.

will return the RTC format. you should see something like: In this example, the warriors format is Why Do We Socially Conform Essays, yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss- the ** may be the correct month, 00 or be blank on your system- having no settable month seems to warriors, be common. Before you dig too much deeper into setting this up, it's a good idea to determine whether or not your board is going to comply. At this point, everything should be ready to test a wake-up. Teaching For Nurses Essay. To do this, you will set the system to wake five minutes from women warriors, now. If your computer is We Socially Conform, slower, you can increase the spartan women time; if faster, you can decrease it.

Just make sure you allow for The Powers of the of the enough time for the system to shut down completely, with a minute or two to spare before it needs to wake. The following command uses our example time format of yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss and women, adds 5 minutes to the ACPI alarm. Symbols In "Lord Of The Essay. If your time format is different, you will need to adjust the spartan women warriors ordering of +00-00-00 00:05:00 to comply. It is a good idea to check if the command did the job right. If the year part looks like 0007 instead of 2007, change +00 with +2000; this worked for kachina doll meanings Acer Ferrari 3400, TravelMate 800, Asus M2NPV-VM and ABit VA-10. Now you can shut down the system to see if it wakes up. Bookmark this page if you haven't already. I'll see you when you get back. Sit back, relax and warriors, wait for The Powers of the of the Flies" your box to wake up. Hopefully, everything went as planned and your box woke itself as intended. If not, double-check each step above to be sure it was all correctly done.

If everything is spartan women, correct, your board might need to The Powers in "Lord, reboot and complete a POST cycle before correctly waking, as some do. Skip ahead now to spartan women, 3.0 Poweroff Kernel and try that remedy. If you tried the poweroff kernel but still failed to wake, see 4.0 Troubleshooting. If it did wake, CONGRATULATIONS! It's all downhill from here. You will likely need at least one of these scripts for the wake-up/shutdown process: a script to adjust and Essays, set the wake-up time (if your mobo clock is UTC) a Pre-shutdown script (possibly) a Server Halt script (if you use poweroff kernel)

Examples of a wake script MythWakeSet , pre-shutdown script MythShutdownCheck and warriors, server halt script for poweroff kernel MythShutDown are provided here. If you need to do something special on your system before shutdown, such as special service shutdown scripts, etc., then you are responsible for integrating them into kachina meanings, the provided script. If your hardware clock is set to UTC, you need MythWakeSet to adjust between the wake time MythTV will report (local time) with the spartan warriors time the RTC alarm requires (UTC). To create the wake script, open the editor of your choice and copy and paste the kachina doll following. Spartan Women Warriors. Save it as MythWakeSet : Now, make the script executable and put a copy of it in /usr/bin: Yet another script, that works with old acpi and new rtc alarm: If you use your backend server for other things in addition to MythTV, such as ssh or ftp transfers etc., you want to kachina meanings, make sure that MythTV doesn't shut down the women system while you are in the middle of something. This is especially true if you have the backend set to a stingy idle timeout like 5 minutes.

One very effective way to do this is to check and see if another user is logged in, since you likely won't be transacting much non-mythtv business as the mythtv user. If you are not watching tv or a recording, but want the backend box to remain alive, all you need to do is log into an ssh session and leave it open. You can do other checks in addition to- or instead of- checking for logged-in users: such as checking for specific running processes, etc. Add these checks to this script if needed, but first be sure to check that your changes work properly! Otherwise, your backend may shut down when it shouldn't or stay alive when it should shutdown. If you want to make sure no other users are logged in before shutdown, copy and paste the following into an editor and save it as MythShutdownCheck ; if not, skip ahead to on Legitmacy of Law Exercises, 2.3. Make the script executable and put a copy of it in /usr/bin: At this stage, you have the needed scripts and the box woke successfully on test. Now it's time to setup Mythtv to test MythWakeSet . Stop the server for needed changes and then run mythtv-setup: The settings you need are under 1. Women Warriors. General, on page 5 (Shutdown/Wakeup Options).

The settings you need are: Block shutdown before client connected: you want this box unchecked , or the Symbols automatic shutdown routine will be blocked until a frontend client has connected. Idle timeout (secs): is how long the backend will wait in an idle state before wanting to spartan, shutdown. Normally, you would want this set to a reasonable amount between 300-1200 (5 to 20 minutes)- but to test it out, set it to 60 so you don't have to wait long (just make sure you set it high enough to fully boot or it may shutdown again before everything is loaded). Max wait for recording (min): determines whether or not the backend will shutdown if it is Symbols in "Lord Flies" Essay, idle and spartan, there is a pending recording. e.g. if this is by joy, set to spartan women warriors, 20 minutes, the backend is Plan for Nurses Essay, idle and wants to shut down and women, the next recording is scheduled three hours in the future, the backend will shutdown and wake itsef up later. Teaching For Nurses. If the women same conditions are true, but the recording is scheduled to start in of Law Exercises 20 or fewer minutes, then it will wait, record it and then check this setting again after reaching an idle state . For now, set this to 1 to make sure it shuts down for our tests. Startup before rec. (secs): is spartan women, how much time the backend will allow for itself to fully boot and come up to speed, before being expected to record. What Do Functionalists. Note that this time will be added as an offset to the wake time. You should likely allow at least 200 seconds or more to be sure you do not miss beginning of your recording. Set this to a reasonable estimate of your boot time for now, but time your boot from powerup for your final setting. Wakeup time format: is the format your board expects for the RTC alarm (you checked this earlier).

In this example, it is yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss adjust yours as necesary. Set wakeuptime command: is the women command (or script) run to Essay on Legitmacy, set the warriors wakeup time. If you are using the UTC script above, enter: sudo /usr/bin/MythWakeSet $time This will call your script and by joy wordsworth, pass it the waketime via the $time variable. Server Halt Command: is the command that is spartan warriors, executed to kachina, bring the whole thing down. If you are using the poweroff kernel, you will eventually enter sudo /usr/bin/MythShutdown here. For this test, enter: sudo /etc/init.d/mythtv-backend stop , which will only stop the backend. Pre Shutdown check-command: is the shutdown checker - enter sudo /usr/bin/MythShutdownCheck to use it or enter exit 0 if not.

The last thing to spartan, do before testing is to Teaching Essay, take care of permission issues. As you probably noticed, the above commands run as sudo, which would cause problems if it prompted for a password and nobody was there to enter it-- nothing would ever happen. There are a number of ways to handle this- the method presented here gives the mythtv user sudo privileges, without prompting for a password, for limited commands and spartan, resources. There are other alternatives you can explore; each with their own advantages and pitfalls. To give mythtv user the permissions we need: Add the following line to the end, making sure it is the only entry for Essay on Legitmacy mythtv- if another entry for mythtv exists, replace it with this one: Before proceeding, go into the frontend and schedule a recording an hour or so from now and note the time it starts. Now we can test to see if the warriors scripts and believe, their interfaces with MythTV are set up correctly. Spartan Warriors. First, set /proc/acpi alarm to what believe, a known value (again, if your date/time format is not yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss, adjust as needed): Then, check to see it was set. You should see something simlar to:

Now, fire up the backend to test the write to spartan warriors, /proc/acpi/alarm. In this case, we won't lauch it as a daemon so we can see what is being logged: It should immediately start warning you of impending shutdown, count it down and then stop. Hit Enter to get a command prompt and then check to see if MythWakeSet worked: As the example shows, the time returned should now reflect the waketime and not all 12's, as we set before the test. Of course, yours will probably not match the example. If your hardware clock is in UTC, to see if the what believe waketime is set correctly:

Take the start time of the recording you set a little while ago (24 hour format), add or subract (as appropriate) for your time zone offset, and subtract the amount of time you set for spartan women warriors Start before recording in step 2.3. For example: Recording was for 4pm (16:00:00) Local time is GMT-5 +(05:00:00) Start before rec was -(00:01:00) Time with offset is 20:59:00. If MythWakeSet worked correctly, cat/proc/acpi/alarm should return something reasonably close to 20:59:00 for our example. The Powers Symbols Of The Flies" Essay. If, after checking your math, yours still varies substantially or is unchanged from 12's, go back and review each step to check for errors. If you have the recording options in MythTV to wake a minute or two (or more) before the women warriors scheduled recording, this will also cause a small discrepancy.

The final and most important test is to put it all together for a full shutdown/wakeup. For best results, do this test 10 minutes or so before the half-hour- so you get an surprised by joy wordsworth accurate in-action test without having to cheat or wait too long. Make sure the backend is shut down and spartan women warriors, go back into setup: Return to the Shutdown/Wakeup page and make the following changes: In the frontend, find a show- on any tunable channel- that begins at the next half-hour and set it to record. Shut down the frontend and check to be sure there are no open ssh sessions or other users logged in. Of Law Exercises. If this is a combined frontend/backend, log out of your current session. Within two or so minutes, the backend should shut itself down. Now is a good time to get a sandwich or a cold drink (or both!) and wait for it to turn itself on and boot up! Hopefully, everything went as written and your box started up as it should have. Spartan Women Warriors. If not, but you could successfully wake in kachina doll step 1.4, check every step from 2.0 forward- it should be working properly.

There's likely a small mistake somewhere. When it wakes and records it should , all that is spartan women warriors, left for you to do is on Legitmacy of Law, shutdown mythtv-backend, go back into mythtv-setup and make your final settings for women Idle timeout, etc. If you run frontend and backend on Essay of Law Exercises the same machine, you can use MythWelcome to decide if the machine has been woken up by user and the start of the frontend is women, needed or not. With MythWelcome the Frontend is Why Do We Socially Essays, automatically started if you started the machine manually, but if its started automatically via acpi-wakeup the frontend won't start and lock the backend from shutting down when recording is finished. Spartan Warriors. Unfortunately MythWelcome was originally build for use with nvram-wakeup, but you can also use it with acpi-wakeup. First you have to The Powers in "Lord of the, manipulate /usr/share/mythtv/ to specify that mythwelcome is spartan women warriors, loaded in startup instead of loading the frontend directly. You can do this by starting an editor with. If you cannot find /usr/share/mythtv/ then skip this part and continue with section below I don't have

I need the sleep options because mythwelcome is faster than the backend, without this i get an error that the backend is not running. If is missing from your installation (e.g. in Mythbuntu 8.04/8.10) then you should instead edit. /.config/autostart/mythtv.desktop like this: edit '/etc/mythtv/session-settings' like this: Now it is time to restart your computer and of Law Exercises, see if mytheelcome is being started. Depending on whether you have scheduled a recording in the near future or not, you will see one of spartan warriors, two things: The regular mythfrontend. This will appear if you have no recording scheduled that begins soon. The screen of mythwelcome.

This will appear if the backend is soon going to of Law, record a show. In case you see the mythwelcome-screen you may continue with the rest of the configuration. But in case you see MythFrontend you still need to warriors, make sure that mythwelcome is for Nurses, working correctly. Spartan Warriors. To do so, exit mythfrontend. This should immediately return you to Essay, mythwelcome. If you see a the blank desktop then you need to women, re-check the previous step. Modify MythWakeSet (only required for older versions of MythWelcome)

You can skip this step if you run mythtv = 0.21 (Mythbuntu 8.04). If you are using an older version of Symbols of the Flies", MythWelcome, you need to make some adjustements, since those older versions only use a Unix timestamp to set the spartan women warriors wakup time you need to believe, modify the /usr/bin/MythWakeSet script. If you are using a current version, you can simply use the command /usr/bin/MythWakeSet $time ; you just set the (new) option for the time format accordingly, i.e. to spartan warriors, yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss or whatever your mainboard requires. Do Functionalists Believe. If you have this option, simply skip this part. If you are running an older version, open the script MythWakeSet via. Exit the frontend, you will automaticaly get the spartan women warriors mythwelcome screen. Press F11 to Conform to Situations Essays, enter the setup and enter the following values: nvram-wakeup Restart Command : leave blank! If you are using a current version, you will see the spartan option Wakeup time format , which you set to the time format that MythWakeSet expects (cf. above).

Leave the rest unchanged. A side note: MythWelcome has two setup menues. One is accessed by F11, the other by pressing i. By Joy. There is also a command menu that you can access via m. Enter will start mythfrontend. You do not need this here but it is good to know. Navigate to Shutdown/Wakeup Options and change the following values: NOTE: The command mythshutdown --setwakeup $time does not write to the /proc/acpi/alarm. It just sets the wakeup time in mythwelcome. The command mythshutdown --shutdown actually writes the time set by the call of mythshutdown --setwakeup to the RTC in warriors the motherboard and should be used for the Server halt Command option. If this was sudo shutdown -h -P now , MythBackend will shutdown the machine properly, but it wont wake up to record for the next scheduled recording as the wakeup time is never set to the RTC of the motherboard.

Now test your configuration, but be aware that mythshutdown won't proceed if there is an what recording less than 15 minutes away! These 15 minutes cannot be configured. Unfortunately, MythWelcome will not tell you about women warriors, these 15 minutes, but display MythBackend's idea about shutting down. (Brief explanation: MythBackend realizes it is idle, checks if the given time Max wait for recording is smaller than the time to the next scheduled recording. If that is the to Situations Essays case, it would generally be MythBackend's wish to power down for spartan the time being. In order to do that, it waits for the specified amount of surprised wordsworth, time, the Idle Timeout; if nothign happens in this time, MythBackend will power down and wake up again at the time for the recording minus the powerup time and minus the spartan women warriors generally configured pre-recording time. MythWelcome will report what MythBackend thinks. If you set up MythBackend to even power down for just five minutes (let the Teaching Plan Essay next recording be 10 minutes away), with an idle time of e.g.

120 seconds, then MythWelcome will display Shutting down in 120 seconds and count down. And when it reaches 0, MythBackend will send the shutdown commands, which mythshutdown refuses to follow, since it's less than 15 minutes to the next recording. MythBackend starts again at 120 seconds, which will be reported to MytHWelcome, so MythWelcome again shows sort of false information.) MythTV has an internal lock feature: when the warriors lock is set, MythBackend will not shut down the Essay on Legitmacy system at spartan, all, no matter how idle it is. There are basically two ways to The Powers of the of the Flies" Essay, set and women, remove a lock: you can use mythshutdown --lock and mythshutdown --unlock , respectively, e.g. by running them in a shell. MythWelcome actually allows, when you have the menu popup by doll meanings pressing M, to set and remove the lock. This is pretty useful if you want to do some desktop work and keep MythBackend running in the background wihtout having to fear being logged off in the middle of work. Show and change status on the Desktop. Since using mythshutdown allows to set and unset the lock status (and since mythshutdown actually provides for a way of checking the lock status), it is possible to set up tools that report the lock status.

Using a panel item in an xfce desktop. If you use Mythbuntu in spartan the standard variety if you use Xubuntu or if in general you have decided to use xfce as your desktop, there is a simple way to show and change the lock status on the task bar that xfce provides using the do functionalists genmon (short for Generic Monitor) plugin. In order to do this, you first need to install the genmon xfce panel plugin: Next we need a script to check MythBackend's status for women us and provide us with icons nice tooltips the possiblity to click to Essay of Law, lock and spartan women warriors, unlock. Paste the following Perl script into an editor and save it (you need Perl installed for this to what, work, and Perl scripts need to women, be allowed to run the system command): (If your path to of the of the, the Perl executeable is not /usr/bin/perl , adjust the path after the shebang.) Save this to an arbitrary place, e.g. Now you need to provide the spartan women warriors necessary icons. The script assumes that they are located in.

/images/ and that their names are lock_open.png and lock_closed.png , respectively. You can choose what you want here. Once this is done, you can right-click the We Socially Conform Essays xfce panel (task bar) and add a new item for the type of which you choose Generic Monitor; then press Add. /scripts/MythCheckStatus , as Label you enter nothing and uncheck the spartan women checkbox next to it, and finally you set the Period to an amount of seconds that serves your needs. Plan. Maybe 5 s, maybe 30 s, whatever floats your boat. And now you are done. The image will show whether or not the lock status is set; in order to change the status, just click it. The lock will actually be instantly set or removed, but the icon might take a while until it reflects that. Before proceeding, try enabling/disabling (make it the opposite of what it is women warriors, now) the Wake from RTC setting in kachina doll meanings BIOS, booting back into Ubuntu and spartan, attempting 1.4 First Test again. If it still fails after having tried adjusting BIOS settings, return any changed BIOS settings to their original state and try the following poweroff kernel remedy. If you are not careful, these changes can hose your grub and what do functionalists, booting could be an adventure.

If have not edited your grub menu before or are not sure what you are doing, you should ask someone for assistance or google for grub editing information. PLEASE BACK UP YOUR menu.lst BEFORE MAKING THESE CHANGES. The poweroff kernel's sole function is to shut the computer off- but it does so after rebooting and completing the reboot and POST cycle, which satisfies the quirks of some boards (including an older tested by the author). To test if your motherboard might need a poweroff kernel, set a wake up time a few minutes in the future, restart the PC in the normal manner, but turn the PC off (by pressing the power button briefly, not by holding it down for a few seconds) after the POST but before Linux boots up. If the PC wakes up using this method, then the poweroff kernel should work for you. If it doesn't, this is not necessarily indicative of failure - at least one tested board failed this procedure but worked very well with the women poweroff kernel.

First, install the poweroff kernel- download, unpack it and to Situations Essays, copy it to /boot: find the line at women, the head that reads: make note of the default number that is there ( X ) and then change it to: This will cause grub to boot the last menu entry that was set (using grub-set-default, surprisingly). In this case, you will set the do functionalists believe default value to the poweroff kernel. On reboot, grub will load, boot the spartan warriors poweroff kernel and shutdown. Setting the do functionalists believe default back to the usual kernel in the poweroff kernel menu entry ensures that when it wakes, it will boot into Ubuntu and MythTV as normal. The usual kernel is the X you just wrote down.

Append this entry to the end of your menu list: Next, counting from 0, determine the spartan women menu entry for this poweroff kernel. e.g. if you show one kernel, one recovery mode, one memtest and kachina, this kernel, the menu entry would be 3. Women. if you have only The Powers of the Symbols in "Lord Flies", a main kernel and this poweroff kernel, then it is 1, etc. Spartan Warriors. Remember not to count any menu items that are commented out (with #). Double-check the menu list to be sure you counted correctly! Now you can test it out. Substitute value of poweroff kernel you determined above for surprised by joy P in the following and reboot: Your computer should reboot, go through POST, load grub and warriors, then shut off.

When this works, you are ready to try a wake again- See you back at Step 1.5. If you are using the Essay on Legitmacy Exercises poweroff kernel, you will need this script to set the default grub selection and women warriors, reboot. Copy and paste the following into an editor and save it as MythShutdown. Make it executable and copy it to /usr/bin: Small mistakes are easy to make, so double and wordsworth, triple-check the things you have done. If you were able to wake your board in step 1.4 (whether or not you are using the women poweroff kernel), but you can't get MythTV to wake- chances are you made one or more small mistakes.

Go back and what do functionalists, check thoroughly. If you were able to wake your board in step 1.4 but can't get the backend to shut down by itself- make sure that no other application like mythfrontend or mythfilldatabase is spartan warriors, still connected to on Legitmacy, the backend since this will prevent the backend from warriors, shutting down. If you were unable to get your board to wake for the test in We Socially Conform to Situations step 1.4: Try it again after changing the BIOS RTC wake setting to the opposite of what it is now Try it with various combinations of BIOS settings for Power Management-type functions Google, google, google. Give your mobo manufacturer's technical support a call Some motherboards will only wake from S3 (suspend), rather than from spartan women, S4 (hibernate) or S5 (power off). If yours is surprised by joy wordsworth, one of these, you'll have to investigate suspending your PC instead of shutting it down. Investigate other options- your board might be one that just won't wake with ACPI. If you have reached this stage, I'm sorry that ACPI wakeup did not work for your board. To return things back to their original state: To remove the backup system files: If you aren't frustrated to the point of spartan, loathing shutdown/wakeup, you can investigate other wakeup options via google, the MythTV forums and our excellent Ubuntu forums. List of successful implementations.

This ACPI wake method has been confirmed to work on these boards/barebones: Abit VA-10 ASRock K7S41GX Asus A8N-SLI. Asus K8N (disable RTC wakeup in BIOS) Asus K8N-E. Asus K8N-E deluxe (disable RTC wakeup in BIOS) Asus K8V (seems to work with unmodified of Ubuntu8.04) Asus M2NPV-VM Asus P1-AH2. Asus P2-M2A690G (disable RTC wakeup in BIOS; kernel option hpet=disable is needed) Asus P4-P800-E Asus P5B-VM Asus P5LD2-VM. Asus P5N-E SLI (seems to what, work with unmodified of Ubuntu7.10) Asus P5B-Deluxe (BIOS wake enabled(every day?)) Epia EN15000 ECS GF8200A V1.0 ECS 761GX-M754 ECS KT600-A ECS K7VTA3 (v5.0) ECS RS482-M MSI MEGA 651 Intel 915GAG. Intel DG965OT (seems to work with unmodified of Ubuntu7.10) Intel D845PESV MSI K8T NEO2-F v2.0 MSI K9N Ultra (MS-7250) MSI K9N Neo-F V3 EPoX EP-8RDA3 nforce 2 chipset Reports that this board may not accept day and date? Chaintech 7AJA (AMD-Athlon, VIA KT133) HP Vectra VL 400 DT (desktop, latest BIOS IP.01.08 from HP site, RTC OFF) MSI K8MM3 (MS-7181 v.2.X) (micro-atx mainbord from women, MSI) Jetway 830CH Via Epia CN10000EG Gigabyte GA-M68SM-S2 Gigabyte GA-MA69G-S3H.

Gigabyte GA-MA74GM-S2H (HPET disabled) Gigabyte GA-MA78GM-S2H (rev.1.0) Gigabyte GA-8KNXP. These laptops also work: Acer Ferrari 3400. These laptops only wake up from S3 (suspend): Dell Inspiron 8200 Dell Inspiron 8500. If this guide works for you, please ADD your board to this list! MythTV/Install/WhatNext/ACPIWake ( k.dejong 2011-04-09 01:50:07)

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How do I report a course errata item? Use the Comments and women, Questions feature in the Media Window control bar. Surprised By Joy Wordsworth. The icon looks like a small speech bubble, and allows you to send in a description of the error directly from the relevant piece of media. Or you can send an email to Please describe the issue as precisely as possible. Women. If you provide your email address, we will inform you about the correction process, or ask any follow-up question necessary to clarify the Teaching for Nurses, report. Why are there answer keys available to the students for the end-of-chapter tests? The tests that appear on our website are intended as open tests for self-assessment only. Spartan. They are not intended to be secure tests since the answers are freely available at Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations several websites.

Where are the answers to the review questions? There are answer keys available for spartan warriors, the chapter tests but not for We Socially Conform Essays, the review questions. The answer keys for spartan, the chapter tests are located as a link right under the chapter test link. The audio in some videos within the Religion course are problematic. Can you fix it? This is a problem that was in the original content we received from the We Socially to Situations, course developer. We have no way of spartan women warriors fixing this at this time. Why aren't the Why Do We Socially Essays, lab sections in Environmental Science appearing? The Environmental Science labs require you to have Java installed on your computer. You can get the latest version at

HippoCampus and Advanced Placement (AP)* How are homeschoolers using HippoCampus for AP? What about DANTE and CLEP? We know a lot of homeschoolers use HippoCampus. We are often asked if homeschoolers can study the content at HippoCampus and then just take and women, pass the AP exam. HippoCampus courses were designed to address the AP College Board criteria. However, as with any teaching resource, they should not be considered a singular solution, but can be used as a good foundation for an AP teaching curriculum. Doll. The courses at HippoCampus have not currently been mapped to the CLEP and DANTE tests. If you wish to receive college credit for taking an AP course, most colleges will require that the course have been approved by the College Board. Schools wishing to spartan women warriors give their students AP credit must go through the AP audit process. The same is true for homeschoolers.

The AP Course Ledger section below gives more information about the audit process. AP Course Ledger The AP Course Ledger is Plan for Nurses a comprehensive and public registry of all courses authorized to use the AP label on student transcripts. The Ledger is an annual and culminating product of the AP Course Audit, a process by which college faculty confirm that courses submitted by women, AP teachers and of the Essay, schools provide students with the essential elements of a college level experience. As an exclusively Web-based registry, the Ledger is published annually in November and updated weekly throughout the academic year to reflect newly authorized courses. Here is a link to AP Audit information, (and you can find other links on spartan warriors, this page to wordsworth various other resources): Can schools order and spartan, administer AP Exams without completing the AP Course Audit? Yes, the AP Course Audit is only required for of Law, schools desiring to: Are the courses at spartan warriors HippoCampus AP approved? Our AP content is kachina doll meanings a good resource to spartan help students prepare for do functionalists believe, AP exams.

However, while we provide content resources, we do not have instructors who teach the courses. In order to be authorized by the College Board and spartan, put in the AP Course Ledger, an instructor must submit a syllabus for the course. What. While we do not have instructors who teach our courses, we do have NROC member schools that teach the courses for credit and they have been approved through the AP College Board. *AP, Advanced Placement and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this content. The NROC Project. Monterey Institute for Technology and Education. Marina, CA 93933. Beth Pickett, HippoCampus Product Manager, HippoCampus is sustained by academic institutions that are members of women The NROC Project.

NROC members cooperate to develop and share digital resources and tools to impact college and career success. For more information about joining our efforts, please email Correlation to HippoCampus is a powerful competitive differentiator for your textbook. To have your book indexed and listed at HippoCampus, please contact Gary Lopez, Executive Director, 831-642-9459, is an Open Educational Resource that delivers high-quality academic content in The Powers of the Flies" middle-school and high-school classrooms during the day, and offers students study and homework resources in the evenings. We welcome advertisers whose message is consistent with our educational mission and our non-profit, foundation-funded status. For details, visit the Student Messaging System page. Explore NROC Project Membership for Institutional Use. The same great content available for free individual use at is warriors also available for institutional use through membership in The NROC Project . Of The Essay. Membership fees sustain the operation of women warriors this non-profit endeavor to make quality educational content freely available to Teaching Plan for Nurses individual learners worldwide. If you are interested in women learning more about institutional use of the The Powers in "Lord Flies", NROC Library within your school, district, or state, please complete the contact us form at

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Bukharian Jews: Preserving Identity. In Queens, New York, Cyrillic signs adorn storefronts, restaurants with names like Shalom and Cheburechnaya serve bread baked in a tandoor and a museum showcases elaborate robes and kippot all signs of the thriving community that came from Central Asia, bringing their unique heritage with them. On a fall Sunday afternoon, the chandeliered party room at warriors, Troika in Forest Hills, Queens, is filling up. Friends and Why Do Conform relatives have come to the Bukharian restaurant to warriors honor the memory of what do functionalists believe prominent Jewish writer Lev Kandinov on the one-month anniversary of his death. Candles stand ready to be lit below his portrait, and long, rectangular tables are heaped with food: carrot, beet and mushroom salads; dishes of raisins, pickles and caraway wafers; non, a bialy-shaped bread topped with black sesame seeds; noni toqhi, matza-like in its flatness but baked into a curve against the dome of a tandoor; and bottles of seltzer, vodka and pots of spartan women warriors green tea. Soon, the rabbi chants minha , the afternoon service, in the Middle Eastern-inflected Bukharian style. The men stand and pray while the women remain seated and chat. By Joy Wordsworth. While the women speeches extolling the deceased begin in Bukhori, also called Judeo-Persian (Farsi mixed with Hebrew, Aramaic, Uzbek and The Powers of the Symbols of the Tajik), which is the native tongue of the warriors Bukharian Jews, the The Powers of the Symbols guests sip and munch. Course after course is served: fried carp dipped in garliccilantro sauce; round meat pies (samboosak); dumlama, a wheel of baked cabbage, tomato, meat and pepper; and spartan women warriors plov, rice spiced with cumin and Essay crowned with julienned carrots, chick peas and meat. The scene is repeated all through the yearwith some variationsat two dozen or so restaurants that have sprung up to accommodate the thousands of Bukharian Jews who have settled in women warriors, Queens since the early 1970s.

Bukharian Jews are thriving here and elsewhere in the United States, modernizing yet trying to stay true to their heritage. Memorials that used to what believe be conducted at home are held in spartan, restaurants during shiva and at 30-day and believe 1-year anniversaries. The memorials represent one custom among the many traditions members of the community are dedicated to maintaining in their diaspora. Every day, every restaurant is full, says Lana Levitin, a real estate broker and women warriors manager of Plan Essay Maqam, a Bukharian musical ensemble. With 50,000 Jews, everyone has someone to remember. Sheva berakhot , bar mitzvas and birthday celebrations also fill the halls. When someone dies, even if youve never heard of the person, you go to the funeral, says David Ribacoff, an emigre from Bukhara who has lived in New York since 1963. At the spartan women remembrance for Kandinov, Levitin emphasizes the high intellectual and cultural level of the largely older crowd. There are former physics professors, physicians, dancers and other professionals fluent in a variety of wordsworth Central Asian dialects. Women. Because of their age and limited English, it has been hard for them to find work in their fields. Despite that, we are not mourning the Conform to Situations Essays Old Country, says Ezra Malakov, 70, a singer and cantor at spartan warriors, the synagogue of the do functionalists believe Beth Gavriel World Center for Bukharian Jews in spartan women, Queens. We Socially Essays. Practicing Judaism freely was not allowed there.

There is a nostalgic feeling for the country where we were born but whatever we are doing here was absolutely impossible there. Legend traces the origins of the Bukharian Jews to the Israelites exiled to spartan women warriors Babylonia in 586 B.C.E. According to another theory, they are descendants of fifth-century exiles from Persia. How they got to Central Asia is surprised wordsworth, obscure, but they maintained their distinctive Eastern practices in relative isolation for thousands of years under Islamic and, later, Russian rule. Their name derives from the Uzbek city of warriors Bukhara in southeastern Russia.

Their history and traditions differ both from the Caucasian, or Mountain, Jews, who hail from nearby Azerbaijan and Dagestan, and the Ashkenazic Russian Jews of Symbols in "Lord of the northern cities such as Moscow, St. Spartan Women Warriors. Petersburg and Kiev. Yet all three groups experienced religious persecution under the Soviets. The Bukharians suppressed all evidence of religious practice but were allowed to obtain higher education and establish careers. Although some left as early as the Why Do We Socially 1960s (the first Bukharian synagogue in Queens was established in 1965), emigration increased with perestroika in spartan women, 1985 and then again after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Many made their way first to Why Do We Socially Essays Israel and spartan then resettled in the United States. There are approximately 150,000 Bukharian Jews in on Legitmacy, Israel today, including a group of 100 who made aliya from spartan warriors, New York in 2006 with their rabbi, Michael Boruchov; 60,000 in North America; and smaller numbers in doll meanings, Europe. Warriors. The community is centered in Queens and Why Do to Situations Essays Brooklyn, but some groups have relocated to Miami, Denver, Phoenix, Toronto, Atlanta, Los Angeles and San Diego. About 2,000 remain in Central Asia. Along the main shopping area of 108th Street in Forest Hillscalled Bukharian Broadway or Queensistan-signs in Cyrillic advertise aptekas (pharmacies), bakeries, fruit markets, dry cleaners and restaurants like Salute, Shalom and Cheburechnaya. The older generation has become entrepreneurs, shoemakers, hairdressers, barbers, cosmetologists, jewelers, real estate agents, photographers and caterers; the younger generation is made up largely of women physicians, lawyers, accountants, computer specialists and financial advisers.

Journals and newspapers, mostly in Russian, circulate weekly and Why Do We Socially Conform to Situations three theater troupes perform regularly. At least a dozen synagoguesall Orthodox-serve the community (two opened this year) along with three day schools, several yeshivot, youth groups and Jewish organizations. According to the communitys chief rabbi, Itzhak Yehoshua, about 20 percent of the spartan women community is Orthodox; 60 percent is of the of the Flies" Essay, traditional but not necessarily observant; and 20 percent is warriors, unaffiliated. While some Bukharians are assimilating into secular life, others are becoming baalei teshuva , often with an Ashkenazic Orthodox twist. In less affluent areas such as Lefrak City alongside the Long Island Expressway in the Corona section of kachina meanings Queens, Bukharians live in government-subsidized apartments, but in Forest Hills, contemporary colonials have been rebuilt with a Middle Eastern flavor, their large kitchens and warriors formal dining rooms vital for accommodating extended family gatherings. Children live with their parents until they marry, and the elderly are rarely placed in nursing homes. The five-story Bukharian Jewish Community Center in Forest Hills hosts numerous classes, events and youth activities; it also houses a synagogue and offices of the Bukharian Jewish Congress, an what do functionalists believe umbrella organization that runs about 30 outreach centers across North America.

The BJCC was completed in 2005 with the help of women warriors Bukharian billionaire, Chabad devotee and philanthropist Lev Leviev. Though Leviev lives in London, his spiritand fundsare widespread, most notably at Why Do to Situations, the Queens Gymnasia, which he founded in spartan warriors, 2002. Today, he provides free tuition (estimated at $15,000 apiece) for each of its 800 students (pre-K through 11th grade), who would otherwise have attended public school. A portrait of the Lubavitcher rebbe hangs in the entrance. Stella Mallayeva, who works in surprised wordsworth, the Gymnasia office, has a fifth-grader in the school. Culture and spartan women tradition are important, says the Samarkand native. That is what holds the in "Lord Essay family together. Devorah Tamarova, 16, whose family emigrated from Tajikistan in 1992, distinguishes between Bukharians and regular Jewish people. Bukharians are people youd want to spartan warriors get close to because we have customs others wouldnt think of, she says. Her mother works as a housekeeper and her father has a dry cleaning business. My parents brought Bukharian Judaism with them. It expresses them. And though they were not religious, she says, we became religious from the school. I keep Shabbos but it is Essay on Legitmacy, hard to do when you dont know what you are doing. She traces her pronunciation( Shabbos instead of spartan warriors Shabbat)to some of her Ashkenazic teachers.

Most of the students dont speak Bukharian fluently but understand it. They learn to pray according to Sefardic custom. And if they take the elevator to Teaching for Nurses the sixth floor of the Gymnasia, it is as if they have traveled back to the Old Country. Spartan Women. The Bukharian Jewish Museum, founded by teacher and translator Aron Aronov with the support of Leviev and doll businessman Daniel Rose, beckons visitors into another world, one in which the epicenter of life was the courtyard of the house, where fruit trees canopied large wooden beds used for eating, sleeping and socializing and samovars perched on tables. Aronov waves a wicker fana bodbezanin a circular motion and explains that a bunch of dry grass that hangs on a wall was burned to protect against the evil eye. Women. Rooms feature benches covered with vivid woven rugs; gold-embroidered wall hangings; robes of silk, magenta and gold called jomas ; and glittering kippot donned for do functionalists believe special occasions. A 400-year-old Torah scroll written on women warriors deerskin and hand-copied siddurim passed from grandfather to grandson evoke the religious life of the community. Whatever belongs to my people, I brought here, says Aronov, who has been gathering artifacts, books and music for over 40 years and travels to Samarkand and Bukhara each year with the Why Do We Socially Essays museums president, Yuriy Sadykov, to expand the collection. Aronov also teaches Bukharian customs and cooking at the Teen Lounge of the Jewish Child Care Association. Another room in the museum is dedicated to the Russian and Muslim environment. Women Warriors. A red velvet banner embroidered with Cyrillic words declares: The proletariat of all the countries of the world, unite!

In my hands there should have been a Sefer Torah but the Soviets took it and gave me this banner, says Aronov. Our fathers almost gave up. They were afraid that keeping the Jewish tradition would bring trouble to the family. But our mothers continued the tradition. If there was no kosher meat, we ate no meat. On Yom Kippur, they urged us to fast. On our fathers yorzeits , they told us to go to the synagogue and on Legitmacy of Law Exercises say Kaddish. Malakov, who left Tashkent in 1992, credits his mother for spartan warriors passing on the Bukharian musical heritage; she listened in when her father taught her brothers and recorded the oral tradition before she died in 1985.

With funding from Leviev, Malakov recently published a notated songbook with seven CDs titled Musical Treasures of the Bukharian Jewish Community . He teaches the melodies to students at Beth Gavriel and to of the Symbols of the his 16 grandchildren when they gather on Shabbat. The Bukharians are proud of their music, especially the classical folk style called shashmaqam (six volumes) they were instrumental in developing. At the home of Ilyas Malayev, Maqams musical director who passed away last May, traditional Bukharian hand-held drums and stringed instruments adorned the living room wall: violin, oud, tamboura, sitar, tar, sato, saaz, doira. The ensemble performs worldwide, even playing Carnegie Hall with Yo-Yo Ma, and is planning a series of concerts in Malayevs memory. Alongside the nostalgia and women attempts at preservation, the community is exercising newfound American savvy to raise its profile. Last October, a group of 70 Bukharian leaders met with senators and congressmen on Capitol Hill. The senators said, Stay what you are and be good Americans, recalls Yehoshua. Every immigrant has the what believe dream to melt into society. Just to talk about religion per spartan women, se is not enough. To maintain our identity, its important to enhance self-esteem and give people pride in who they are.

While the Bukharians often present a united front, internal power struggles have spawned charges of corruption. Cynthia Zalisky, executive director of the Symbols of the Queens Jewish Community Council, says the Bukharians insularity and Soviet-bred distrust of government make it a challenge to integrate them into the larger communal structure. But, Bukharians are the future of Queens and a major component for Jewish continuity. How many Ashkenazic synagogues are merging because of attrition? she asks. The Bukharians are building new ones. Like many immigrant communities, Bukharians face difficulties straddling the old and new. Most prefer not to talk publicly about the women problems of acculturation: assimilation, intermarriage, divorce, domestic violence, alcoholism and drug abuse. There are two distinct financial populations: the extremely wealthy and the extremely poor, says Zalisky. There is no middle class yet. Her agency provides legal and social services, including assistance with medical insurance, a kosher food pantry, afterschool programs for at-risk youth and counseling. Close-knit as they are, familial tensions do arise, Zalisky says. Plan For Nurses Essay. The kids want to be American and chuck the whole Old World identity, and the grandparents want to hold onto it strongly. The parents are working hard and spartan are caught in the middle.

Some men, frustrated with their inability to replicate careers here, turn to alcoholism, even abuse. Marriage and parenting workshops and couples evenings focus on breaking the cycle of domestic violence, says Zalisky. Within the community, an arm of the Bukharian Jewish Congress called Esther Hamalkah works to Essay on Legitmacy of Law promote womens health, says its president, Dr. Zoya Maksumova, 60, a radiologist and editorinchief of the women Russian-language Ladies World magazine. In Bukharian families, the Essay of Law Exercises man is the main person, but in this country, the woman integrates better, she says. Women. She goes to work, starts to support her family and Conform to Situations husbandand finds it easier to start a new life. Unfortunately, in some families men cannot stand it, get depressed and there are problems. Still, she notes that Bukharian divorce and abuse rates are the same as those in warriors, most communities in the United States. Maksumova had to overcome immense odds. When she emigrated from Tajikistan in 1990, she began studying for medical recertification. Her husband passed away after a year, leaving her with two children to raise and no job (she remarried four years ago). Neither her daughter, who has a masters degree in art and textile design, nor her son, who is in business administration, is married. I want them to marry only Bukharian, she says, pointing out that several groups and informal networks are dedicated to Bukharian matchmaking.

Levitin, a self-described free spirit who urges equality between men and women, lives outside the communityin Great Neck, Long Islandand belongs to a non-Bukharian Conservative synagogue where she recently became an adult bat mitzva. Teaching Plan. Yet she is women warriors, still connected to the Bukharian community. She founded World of what Women Immigrants, which offers workshops on health and self-improvement. Warriors. She also delivers groceries from the Queens Jewish Community Council to 30 to 50 Bukharian families every month. I can see changes in the younger generation, she says. How much they want to kachina meanings stay linked to warriors the community depends on what kind of family background they come from, their religious and what academic orientation and warriors where they live. Levitins younger daughter, Arlene, 24, lives at home and is studying law. What Do Functionalists. Her older daughter, Anya Barak, 27, is a child psychologist who helps with her mothers organization. Within the broader Jewish context, my Bukharian identity gives me a specificity, says Barak, noting that she considers herself both Bukharian and American. Women Warriors. At her wedding to Ashkenazic Danie Barak in 2003, their traditions merged. He wore a kittel and a Bukharian kippa , and American and Bukharian music played alternately. Levitin gave Danie and surprised wordsworth his father jomas as gifts and brought others that were passed around and worn during the spartan women ethnic dancing. My in-laws got a huge kick out of it, Barak says. What Do Functionalists. The Bukharian families were like, same old, same old. But they were happy to see how well American Jews took to our traditions. Though she did not have a poitach , a womens get-together with feasting, dancing, singing, telling jokesusually about mothers-in-lawone of her sheva berakhot was in a Bukharian catering hall. Barak says she is not typical because she did not grow up in the Queens community and was educated in the Conservative movement.

To the next generation, she would like to pass on customs and foodslike bakhsh, our version of cholentFriday night meals, our music and dancing, she says. That will give my children a sense of who their mothers family is. The Bukharian Jewish global portal,, hopes to spartan warriors perpetuate that continuity while helping its members and visitors integrate into American life. Teaching Plan. The site, begun in warriors, 1998, has expanded into a veritable encyclopedia with history, culture, dating forums and more. It has also branched out into a leadership organization, the Why Do We Socially Association of Bukharian Jewish Youth (Achdut, or Unity), with about 100 members ages 16 through 35, according to Imanuel Rybakov, its president. Rybakov, 24, emigrated from Tashkent in 1999.

He now lives with his family in Rego Park, Queens, while studying finance and economy at Queens College, teaches Bukhori at the BJCC and assists Aronov at the museum. I cannot forsake the Bukharian culture, he explains. My great-grandparents and women ancestors were leaders of the community. The Soviet system wanted to deprive us of our culture. We immigrated here to keep our traditions and religion.