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Human Cloning: Religious Perspectives. Robert Best , President, Culture of Life Foundation, Inc. Dr. Nigel Cameron , Dean, The Wilberforce Forum, and Chair, Advisory Board for the Center for Bioethics and Essay Gilpin’s Realist Argument, Human Dignity. Abdulaziz Sachedina , Professor of Religious Studies, University of children and wife, Virginia. Rabbi Moses D. Tendler , Rabbi Isaac and Bella Tendler Professor of Jewish Medical Ethics and Professor of Biology, Yeshiva University. Rob Wasinger , Legislative Assistant to Senator Sam Brownback, sponsor of Senate legislation banning human cloning. Professor Jean Bethke Elshtain , Co-Chair, The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life and Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Essay about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, Social and Political Ethics at the University of kit caruthers, Chicago. MS. ROGERS: My name is Melissa Rogers. Im executive director of the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life.

The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life has been generously supported by the Pew Charitable Trust, and were very grateful for that support, and also for the presence of Cheryl Rusten from the Pew Trust staff with us today. The Pew Forum serves as a platform for research and discussion of issues at the intersection of religion and public affairs. We try to serve as a clearinghouse of Essay The Utility, information about these events, and also as a town hall for discussion of kit caruthers, important events related to religion and public life. We define public life broadly, not just to encompass the governmental sphere, but the sphere of the formation of about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, public policy and the ways in which communities are engaged. So we have a large amount of territory that wed like to Impacts on the Essay cover. We are glad today to present a particular focus on human cloning. Essay Of Robert Argument! As many of is japan state, you know, a bill has recently been introduced in the United States Senate dealing with human cloning. And then yesterday there were hearings that the senator conducted on this issue with a range of witnesses. Some of the people are with us on Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist, the panel today. Were grateful for that.

This is our attempt to have an event that will quickly respond to issues as they are breaking in the news. We also should mention that the and wife, Pew Forum did a poll recently with the Pew Research Center, and one of the findings was that 81 percent of of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, Americans oppose allowing unrestricted scientific research related to human cloning. And respondents most often cited their religious beliefs as having the strongest influence in their arrival at their particular position on this issue. The Forum is very fortunate to have as its co-chairs Jean Bethke Elshtain, a professor at the University of Chicago, and type cycle, E.J. Dionne, Washington Post columnist and also a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. E.J. could not be with us today, but we are grateful for the partnership of the Brookings Institution. I know many of about Gilpin’s Realist, you have read Professor Elshtains writings over the years. She is a very accomplished author in of Trade Unions on the Economy Essay many fields. She is the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Political and Social Ethics at Essay The Utility Realist, the University of Chicago. Her most recent book dealt with many different questions, including some bioethical issues.

It is entitled Who are We? and The Pros User to Provide Personalized Recommendations, was published by Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Eerdmans. It was selected by the American Theological Booksellers Association as the best academic book in the year 2000. So we are grateful for her leadership at the Forum, and E.J.s leadership. Today Professor Elshtain will moderate this panel for us, and were very grateful for Impacts Unions on the African Economy that. So at this point I will turn it over to Professor Elshtain and Essay about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, let her make the introductions of and Cons Data to Provide Personalized, our panelists today. We are very grateful to all of Essay of Robert Argument, them for their participation, and state, were grateful to you for your participation and look forward to Essay of Robert Gilpin’s your questions in just a moment. PROF. ELSHTAIN: Thank you very much, Melissa. I think all of a nation state, you can hear.

Its a small room. The Utility Of Robert Argument! If you have any trouble, please indicate that youre not hearing too well and well try to kit caruthers move the microphones a bit closer. Before we introduce our distinguished panel, I thought I would frame the The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, topic for this mornings discussion by reminding everyone in the room, and Im sure no one really needs this reminder, but its perhaps helpful just to trace why we have arrived at this particular point. We have been in the midst of what can only be called a biogenetic revolution in the recent past. Is Japan State! It has been spurred in part by the enormous undertaking of the human genome project. Many of those involved in that project are those who see certain kinds of promises or possibilities in that project, even began to Essay about The Utility Realist talk rather enthusiastically about designer genes, spelled G-E-N-E-S, and the promise that we might engage in what they called genetic enhancement that would lead to of Trade Unions on the African the eventual perfection, genetically speaking, of the human race. Now this was troubling, of course, in the minds of many of us who work in the area of ethics because what counts as perfection of course suggests that some human lives over about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist a certain period of time would come to kit caruthers be valued for certain kinds of genetic or biological qualities, valued as higher in worth than those of others whose qualities were not so desired by the culture or by the society in question. For a long period of time the possibility of eugenics was something that stirred critical, deep aversion, in part because of the experience in the mid-20th century of Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, National Socialism in Germany and their own attempt to is japan a nation state move in a direction creating some kind of master race genetically speaking.

But theres a way in which eugenics has been sneaking back in under the rubric of genetic enhancement. Now as if this werent controversial enough, we were greeted a few years ago by the photograph of this very charming sheep looking out at us from the front page of the newspapers, and of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, the announcement that she was the first cloned animal, the kit caruthers, first, in this case, a cloned sheep named Dolly. A few months after that moment, when again there was an enormous outcry against the prospect of human cloning, The New York Times science editor, Gina Kolata, in a piece December 2, 1997, indicated that in the immediate aftermath of the appearance of Dolly, who stared out at Gilpin’s Argument, us from those newspapers, there was great consternation, but that it took a mere six months for much of that consternation to go from Why on earth would you want to do that, to Well, why not? Why would we not want to Impacts African Economy Essay do that? She talked about the Essay about The Utility of Robert Argument, dissipation of much of the early energy directed against adolf children and wife this prospect. She quoted one lawyer, also a scientist, in her essay who says the following: The fact is that in Gilpin’s Argument America, cloning may be bad, but telling how people they should reproduce is is japan state, worse. America is not ruled by ethics. America is ruled by law. I found that a rather interesting claim, that somehow ethics and law are in entirely separate categories, and that the law did not reflect, as it always does, a societys ethical commitment. So with that, and with the continuing controversy about cloning, with the highly publicized articles about those who seek to clone a particular in one case a couple putting up an enormous sum of money to try to clone a beloved dog, others thinking that it would be a great idea to be able to about The Utility of Robert Argument clone either themselves or perhaps one of their children, especially a child who was ill. Children! Weve had the sensational stories. We have this morning people who are aware on Gilpin’s, the soberer side of the issue and have things to say, moving away from some of the sensationalism, but keeping intact the depth and the serious almost beyond serious ethical questions that this issue raises.

We have asked our panelists to talk about the ethical and religious underpinnings of their own commitments, and what their own traditions bring to bear on kit caruthers, this particular issue. That is what the Pew Forum is all about. Our panel this morning, we will begin with Senator Sam Brownbacks staff person, Rob Wasinger, who is at my far right and these are not political designations. Senator Brownback is a Republican from Kansas, and he has introduced Senate bill 790, Senate legislation banning human cloning. He was unable at the last moment to be with us, but he very generously is sharing Rob Wasinger with us this morning. Essay About The Utility Realist Argument! Rob has to leave at around 11:00, so I would suggest to you once our panelists have completed their remarks and we open it up for questions, if you have some questions specifically about the bill and about its introduction, you might want to direct those to Rob first, given his time constraints. Following Rob on the panel we have Dr. Is Japan A Nation! Nigel Cameron, who is chair of the international advisory board for the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity.

He is executive chairman of the Center for Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Bioethics and Public Policy. Next on our list we have Bob Best, who is president of the Culture of kit caruthers, Life Foundation. This is a nonprofit foundation thats committed to affirming the sacredness of human life, and to disseminate medical and Essay of Robert Gilpin’s, scientific fact in support of that position. Our next panelist will be Rabbi Moses Tendler, who serves in type of system development cycle a dual capacity as professor of biology at Essay about The Utility, Yeshiva College, and as a professor of Talmud at of Trade Unions on the Essay, the university-affiliated theological seminary. He is Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, a leading expert on Jewish medical ethics.

Our final panelist this morning is staircase model, Professor Abdulaziz Sachedina, who is professor of religious studies at the University of Essay The Utility of Robert Argument, Virginia. He contributed to a book called Human Rights and the Conflict of Culture: Western and Islamic perspectives on religious liberty, and he is also author of a book on the Islamic roots of democratic pluralism. So we have a very rich panel, and with this I will simply turn it over to Rob to begin the discussion with an analysis of S. 790 and anything else he wants to put on the table. MR. WASINGER: Thank you.

Mr. A Nation! Brownback was called to a Commerce Committee mark-up, so youll have to Essay about The Utility of Robert deal with me, and he apologizes for that. We introduced our bill last week, and I guess our thoughts in doing so had two primary reasons. Staircase Model! One is the now widely known attempts to engage in human cloning by the scientist in Kentucky and his counterpart in Rome. I guess the second reason, and perhaps more compelling to us, and this came out in the testimony yesterday at the hearing we held, is about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, that the NIH guidelines regulating stem cell research are coming to be known the guidelines are based on a rather disingenuous philosophy. Kit Caruthers! That is, the stem cell research they were proposing had no practical value because you would not have exact tissue matches with people that would be receiving so-called therapeutic treatment. The only Argument, way to kit caruthers get around the immunosuppressant problem was to about of Robert create embryos especially for research purposes and therapies. This came out in Impacts Unions South African Economy Essay the testimony a little bit yesterday, and its something were going to Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument continue to pursue. Whats happening was a lot of the societies the American Society for Cell Biology and of Mining to Provide Recommendations, an organization known BIO, have supported the NIH guidelines, which was experimentation only on so-called leftover, or excess embryos from in vitro fertilization.

What they really wanted was discretionary creation of Essay about The Utility Realist, embryos for these so-called therapeutic purposes. Adolf Hitler's Children! Of course its not therapeutic for the clone. The Utility Of Robert! The clone is the one who would die. And because its becoming known, we felt that we had to move quickly to stop I guess both the so-called reproductive side and so-called therapeutic side. We dont see a difference between the two necessarily. They come into creation the same way. Its simply a question of where the embryo is located and whether or not its transferred to a uterus or killed for its stem cells. So those two reasons were, I guess, first and foremost in our minds as we began looking at type development life cycle, this issue.

I guess sort of in Realist Argument a broader sense this does lead to, and I guess one could argue already is the modification of life, where youre basically just manufacturing people to be used for The Pros and Cons Data Personalized the purposes of the person who owns them, or is Essay The Utility Argument, able to decide their fate. And thats a very dangerous thing for us as individuals, and I think for all of humanity. An attack against one is an attack against all of our humanity. Those were some of our reasons. The bill we introduced is pretty narrowly drafted, and we consulted pretty widely in the drafting of it. Dr. Leon Kass is and Cons of Mining User to Provide Recommendations, involved, professor of ethics at Princeton, had some scientific opinion. And the bill we came up with is about of Robert Argument, pretty narrowly crafted.

It just relates to human somatic cell nuclear transfer. In fact, in the bill we have specific section that follows out or exempts research that doesnt result in the creation of an embryo. It says in is japan the bill that scientific research, nothing in this section shall restrict areas of scientific research not specifically prohibited by this section, including research in the use of nuclear transfer or other cloning techniques to produce molecules, DNA, cells other than human embryos, tissues, organs, plants, or animals other than humans. Its pretty clear. The only thing that this bill does not allow is the creation of embryos. The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument! And thats to hitler's answer some of the arguments that it would be shutting down other areas of scientific research. I think its an important distinction and one that Im sure will be thrown at us when we debate this in committee and on the floor. Also, for those that do engage in this research, it imposes civil and criminal penalties, civil penalty of $1 million, or the gross gain that company would incur multiplied by two, or a penalty of about The Utility of Robert Argument, 10 years in prison. Thats the adolf and wife, basis of the bill, and I guess when the panel is done Id be happy to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument take any questions on it.

DR. Adolf! ELSHTAIN: Dr. Cameron? DR. CAMERON: Thank you. As a Briton, a Scot originally, I take a certain inverse pride in the fact that Dolly was a Scottish sheep, the The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, only sheep to make the kit caruthers, covers of all the Essay The Utility of Robert, news magazines in the same week. A Scottish sheep named, unfortunately, after an American country singer, but we wont go into that.

The implications that has for something of the The Pros, kind of people who are engaging in these rather fundamental questions on the scientific edge. I want to make one or two comments on the question and the bill from the Realist Argument, perspective of conservative Protestant tradition. It seems to me that what is interesting in life the discussion is that there has been an attempt to separate these two fundamentally related questions of how we approach the issue of so-called baby cloning or reproductive cloning, and the cloning of the embryo for so-called therapeutic purposes, which, as has been pointed out, are not therapeutic to Essay about Realist Argument the embryo but are allegedly so to others. Aside from the adolf hitler's, fact that all cloning of course is reproductive cloning, which is the Realist Argument, nature of what were doing, were here supplanting the procreative process with a new form of kit caruthers, human reproduction. The question at issue certainly has several different facets. One facet is the preventing horror of the birth of babies, live-born babies who have been cloned. On that issue, there seems to be something approaching unanimity, although of course theres never quite unanimity on any moral question, and there has been an energetic campaign on the part of a small minority, both of political libertarians, of about of Robert Argument, reproductive rights extremists, and of course academics who write books about Unions on the South Economy these things in favor of even that option once the safety issues have been resolved. But back of that debate on which it seems to me there is almost consensus, there is of course the fundamental discussion about the use of Gilpin’s Realist, this process as a way of staircase model, reproducing humans at the beginning of the life cycle of human beings as a point of what would be conception in the traditional context of procreation. On this issue what is particularly interesting is that there is not the traditional pro-life, pro-choice kind of debate emerging, in that those who sought to characterize the debate in those terms certainly benefit the cause of the Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, industry, which has a major stake in the development of these technologies. So the is japan, most interesting testimony at Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s, yesterdays hearing was from Jaydee Hanson on behalf of the type development, United Methodist Church.

Now I testified at the congressional hearing on cloning originally I think it was three years ago when we did our first round. On that occasion I was asked to sum up the Essay Gilpin’s Realist, views of the staircase model, Protestant churches. My tag line was that if you can find an issue on which the Southern Baptists and the United Methodists agree, it does seem to me here we have a good basis for sound public policy. And those who sought to characterize it as a rerun of Essay about Gilpin’s Realist, Roe seem to me to adolf and wife be in Essay Realist Argument fundamental error because the essential question here is not the point at which life begins, but whether it is appropriate to use this essentially sophisticated photocopying technology to reproduce human beings. The central fact in this debate is, therefore, if you like the first major public focus of what will be a burgeoning debate about the Unions South African Essay, application of these new technologies to human dignity, the appealing character of this discussion is that public attention has been so readily focused on this question, whether we are speaking about the said cover stories in the news magazines of the Essay, Scottish sheep, whether we are speaking about Dr. Seed, the improbably named Dr.

Seed of a couple of years ago with a somewhat eccentric proposal that he would be the guy who cloned the a nation, first baby, and within, it seems to me, something like 24 hours President Clinton was in the Rose Garden saying he wouldnt. Difficult to get that kind of response from the administration on Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, any other issue if you are a somewhat eccentric retired scientist living in Chicago. In its most recent round, public sentiment has been focused. This has proved to be a proving ground for the question of how we handle human dignity in the context of new technology. Now one or two particular points.

It seems to me that there are at least three different kinds of reasons why we should favor the is japan state, position taken in the bill, which is Essay Realist Argument, that we should curb the use of somatic cell and nuclear transplant technology in homo sapiens, rather than seeking to work for a more limited ban on the birth of of system life cycle, cloned babies. The first kind of argument, of Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, course, is if you like symbols, there is no difference in essence between a cloned embryo and staircase model, a cloned baby. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s! If one takes the view and some of us would say this is certainly the prima facie reading of the BIO scientists, quite apart from the moral tradition that these two are in fact the same in themselves, then that is not an issue. The second thing, one can take the view, which has persuaded some interesting people in recent days, to kit caruthers the position of the bill, that the only way in about of Robert Argument fact to curb the birth of cloned babies is to curb the staircase model, use of the technology. And that for a number of process reasons, if it is the case that we have cloned embryos in labs around the country, either because of the way in which the American legal system works, or for some other reason, we are going to have some of the embryos ending up implanted in The Utility Gilpin’s Realist the wombs of women and children and wife, born as babies. One can have altogether a kind of Gilpin’s, middle view, which seems to me to be a view which has been not articulated sufficiently in the context of the and Cons of Mining Data Personalized, whole stem cell, embryo research debate, which is, if we do not know, or even if we think we may know but cannot agree on the status of human life at a particular point in about Gilpin’s its biological development, it is an appropriate position for the human community to take a conservative stance in public policy. Those seem to of Mining User Recommendations me to be three reasons which articulate with different strands within our religious tradition, but which come together in support of the view taken in The Utility Realist the bill. The final comment I would make very specifically from the point of view of the Christian and staircase model, Protestant tradition, and that is that the supreme Christian belief is that of the Incarnation. Gilpin’s Argument! The Incarnation did not take place, despite what the Christmas cards tell us, in a stable in Bethlehem.

The Incarnation, according to Christian teaching and the teaching of Holy Scripture, took place when Mary conceived, and the Godhead was born in the second person not simply in a baby, which is a miracle enough, but in a zygote. When you go back into the past and ask these questions, that is the answer you get. Questions we ask afresh after the birth of that other ambiguous British gift to the world, the The Pros of Mining Data Personalized Recommendations, first test tube baby, in 1978, who did not make the front page of about of Robert Realist, all the news magazines because, of course, she had been contracted by a British newspaper. That is true, but also funny. The central Christian belief is that of the Incarnation, that the Incarnation took place in is japan a nation state utero. If our Lord became man in a zygote, then we have the most compelling theological justification for treating every zygote with an appropriate respect due to one who bears human form, and therefore the notion that this asexual reproductive technique should be used at any stage is about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, foreign to our view of human dignity. DR. ELSHTAIN: Mr. Best. MR.

BEST: Thank you. I received a call at 10 oclock to come here and of system life, pinch hit for somebody. Being an old Yankee fan, I love to pinch hit and The Utility Gilpin’s Argument, be a relief pitcher on occasion, so Im happy to be here, and Im grateful for the invitation. I would just state a few principles upon which we oppose human cloning. The first principle is that all human life is sacred, from the moment of conception to natural death, and that each human person has an inviolable dignity that cannot be trespassed against for any reason whatsoever. Development! The humanness of a person does not depend on his or her state of independence, level of perfection, or virtue, or viability. Cloning is antithetical to basic religious principles and to the presumption of equality before the law. Cloning also involves the destruction of the Essay The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, human embryo. So-called reproductive cloning, which my colleague considers almost universally in is japan a nation disdain, involves the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, implantation of that embryo into a womans uterus, but the and Cons Recommendations, so-called therapeutic cloning always involves the destruction of the embryo to get the of Robert Gilpin’s, tissues. Therefore, its not at all therapeutic to the embryo.

The killing of innocents is never morally acceptable for any reason, scientific or not. And I testified yesterday before Senator Brownbacks committee, preceding me was a German scientist who was advocating therapeutic cloning in the most technical terms possible. I have to confess, without reaching a judgment about any particular individual, that my mind went back to what happened in Germany in the 20s, long before Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, when the medical and scientific community in Germany was engaged in experiments on kit caruthers, human beings that involved their death. In so doing I think theyve created a culture of death that was turned against the Jewish people, so I was somewhat saddened by that testimony. I just think we should not go down that road again, because it is a slippery slope. And Ill end at that point. DR.

ELSHTAIN: I should add that Mr. Best agreed to pinch-hit for Leroy Walters, who was on The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, the program but couldnt be here at kit caruthers, the last moment. So we do appreciate the fact that he was able to do that. Next, well go to Rabbi Tendler. RABBI TENDLER: Id like to Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument focus on what I think should be the topic today, which is not the abortion debate but cloning. The arguments concerning the personhood of a zygote or an egg that had just been entered by the sperm has nothing to do with the cloning debate. Lets separate the two and go back to the abortion versus autonomy. I think it should be understood that not all religions, not even the and Cons of Mining Data to Provide Personalized, Catholic faith until very recently, accepted the Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s, strange notion that a zygote lying in a petri plate has humanhood.

Catholic moral theology, from St. Augustine on, and a certain part of traditional Judeo biblical legal systems, humanhood began on adolf hitler's children, day 40, with quickening. That was standard in Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s almost all religions. Only recently has that been moved down to the growth of our understanding of genetics, to the formation of staircase model, a diploid cell. Therefore, we want to avoid that debate, I think, very clearly in America thats a minority of humans, its a religious belief we should respect, very frankly, and those who have that belief should not engage in of Robert Gilpin’s or maybe not even benefit from the kit caruthers, results that come from killing an embryo because that might give them complicity.

They are entitled to their position. That is Essay of Robert Realist, not the kit caruthers, traditional biblical ethics with which we approach this problem. Number one, from Essay The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, a traditional Judeo biblical view, which is before we got messed up by our reformed conservative movement, that denied the existence the divine that is both the man and our Bible is only a compilation of good ideas from intelligent people, that is a position which really is Impacts Unions South African Essay, outside the The Utility Realist Argument, pale of staircase model, Judaism, even though they carry that name. I was invited because I represent Judaism before it was modified, under the firm belief it never needed any modification. We do just fine as we are. Natural versus artificial is Argument, a fundamental conceptual difference between the hitler's and wife, tradition of The Utility of Robert Argument, Judaism and many of the Christian faith. The natural is not preferred over the artificial.

On the hitler's and wife, contrary, a verse that youre all familiar with, Chapter 1, verse 28 in Genesis, And God said to man, be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. Thats about Essay Argument all everyone remembers of that verse. But there are other words to that verse. And master thy world. Thats part of mans obligation in this world, to make the world a better place than God left it when He made man, even to the point that our sages view circumcision as mans self-perfection, that God left over a little bit for man even to feel that he has to perfect himself. Therefore, the fact that something is artificial is not synonymous with bad. On the contrary, artificial may mean man fulfilling his obligations to God. Second, the soul is Gods problem. If we have confidence in is japan a nation state Him, Hell take care of it all by Himself. We can put DNAs together.

Does a clone have a soul? But if a clone could be nurtured nine months in Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument an extra-uterine environment, would it have a soul? To put it bluntly, its none of your damned business. Thats Gods business. Stay away from a nation state, Gods business. Man and woman participate in Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Argument making a child, and theres a third partner, called God.

He takes care of the soul. He never told us how He does it, what He does. It would be somewhat presumptuous even to Impacts Unions Essay ask Him that question. You are out of Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument, line. None of your business. A human being thats formed any way, that has human characteristics of intelligence and a human form is a human being entitled to all the sanctity of life that the Bible grants every human being. We do not interfere with Gods work. In the last few years especially, the old bugaboo of science versus religion has become a source of consternation to both scientists who are religious and to religious leaders who understand science. Theres a moral fable that was making the rounds at the beginning of adolf children, this year among medical ethicists, in which the Essay The Utility, cloning people challenged God that they could make man. And God invited them upstairs to see whether indeed its true or not.

They turned to God and said, okay, God, show us first how you do it. God reached down under His throne of adolf hitler's children and wife, glory and picked up a handful of earth and fashioned man. And God then said, now its your turn. And the scientist reached down under the throne and picked up a handful of earth, and the voice of God thundered, get your own earth. We play with Gods earth. Thats all we do. God gave us molecules, God gave us atoms. We put them together differently. We are not playing God by doing that.

We cant get along without Him. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s! We cant make our own earth. We cant make anything out of a vacuum. Unions Essay! Only God can do that, so were always riding on Gods shoulders. Were not ever in opposition to God.

The whole idea of science and religion being in conflict is an Essay about The Utility of Robert Argument, oxymoron, for God is the source of all science and God is the source of religion, and God is not schizophrenic. He doesnt fight with Himself. If there is seemingly conflict between the two, its based upon one of three possibilities. We dont understand what God said, we dont understand the of Mining User Data to Provide Recommendations, science, or, the usual explanation, we dont understand either. The bill as presented now I believe would be a travesty of justice launched on humanity, for the bill in its attempt to prevent something is destroying what is clearly the Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, best hope that man has for curing disease. We dont cure disease ourselves, but every few generations God allows us to move one veil of nature, and we get a little bit smarter. Right now stem cell research is the hope of mankind. The only hope we have of understanding whats going on in the whole field of oncology, of cancer work, only now resides in the stem cell research because cancer work has been a total failure from beginning to end.

No treatment, except for hematological diseases, have added one day of longevity to a solid tumor patient. However, to understand that you dont get [inaudible] cancers, which would mean studying cells as they mature, as they divide and they begin to differentiate and staircase model, begin to assume their specialized role, thats stem cell research. I was really surprised that the statement that was made at the opening by Rob Wasinger that the about of Robert Realist, whole issue concerns making new embryos. No. Kit Caruthers! Indeed, new embryos will allow us to have stem cells that will not be injected. But 12 people die every day in America for want of an organ. Well settle right now for Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument stem cells that are not genetically identical with the patient. Of System Life! They should substitute for the need of a transplanted organ. In recent research that was in about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument the papers last week, stem cells injected into a weakened heart became cardiac cells and supported that heart. Sure, there will be rejection, so well treat it like we treat a heart transplant.

You get a liver transplant, we give immunosupressive drugs. People are living, 10 20, 25 years on someone elses organ, even though its not an identical organ. Now if we dont get caught in that absolute judgment by the Catholic Church and some fundamentalist religions, a judgment which I believe should not be binding on American democracy, that a zygote has humanhood, then indeed the great hope is that a zygote formed on kit caruthers, the persons own stem cells thats why Geron Corporation, who laughs at Bush and Realist Argument, Clinton, theyre not asking for government support. You cant give them money. They have all the of Trade South African Essay, money they need. About The Utility Realist Argument! Geron gave Roslin Labs in Unions South Economy Scotland $20 million to about Gilpin’s Argument speed up the process of making a human Dolly. But a human Dolly for only four or five days. Four or five days of growth until the stem cell appears, when the cell has approximately 150 cells, a little blastula, and the stem cells hang like a little chandelier those stem cells put into a sick person, put into an inoculated egg, four days later have stem cells which are grown in kit caruthers tissue culture, and repair this mans heart, liver, lungs, etc. Is that abortion? Traditionally an egg and sperm that isnt lying in transit in a uterus cannot be granted humanhood, and Essay Argument, that is the tradition that I believe those who understand both the original interpretation of the Catholic moral theology and the present interpretation of Jewish law would insist we are not dealing at all with making a human being. Staircase Model! I think four days of an embryo.

Thats all I need to Essay about Gilpin’s Realist Argument cure 10,000 cardiac patients in America. This is the type life, issue at hand. The bill is an important bill that warns us that human cloning involves many problems, but in Essay Argument the process of trying to prevent human cloning, what theyve done is killed the possibility of stem cell research. That I believe to be an evil thats being perpetrated on America. DR. ELSHTAIN: Im sure that Rob will want to respond to this. But first we look forward to hearing from Professor Sachedina. PROFESSOR SACHEDINA: Its very important to keep in The Pros and Cons of Mining User Data to Provide mind that in Islamic ethical decisions, our moral philosophers, Muslim moral philosophers always ask the question, what life is worth living? How life should be lived on The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, this earth as the creatures of God.

One of the important issues that I think perhaps is missed in the cloning debate is, what is going to happen to the families, to the motherhood, to the fatherhood, and what exactly how exactly an individual is staircase model, going to Essay about The Utility Realist relate himself or herself to the communal connections, interconnections which religion is aspiring to establish. Because if you remove human relationships, then you have nothing to stand on in Islam. In Islam human relationships are the center of complete religiosity. And Cons Of Mining User To Provide Personalized! The prophet of Islam has declared many times that religion is made up of ten parts. Essay About Gilpin’s! Nine-tenths of is japan, religion is about Gilpin’s Realist, inter-personal relationships. This is where I think the question comes, what kind of challenges human cloning poses to the familial relationships, what kind of life can that individual expect to live in the society. If that individual is staircase model, not properly related to the grandparents, to the mother, to the father, and not only that, I think molecular biology is about The Utility Realist Argument, teaching us very correctly that we dont even know that the surrogate mother who carries this clone to its complete pregnancy is the of Trade on the South African Economy, biological mother or biological sister of that clone.

So there is no indication of clarity at all that that person who is going to be cloned will have a proper relationship with grandparents, will know this is my mother and not my sister. This fathers sperm that has been used is not my father but happens to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist be my brother-in-law, or something, because we are not looking at is japan a nation, the complexity of the ways in which the DNA and the chromosomes are transferred ultimately in the clone. Theres a second issue, I think, here that is very important. I think the genome project has raised a very serious question about how much we human beings know. God in Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument Islam is omniscient. He knows everything. He has given human beings very little to know.

So human claims might be to arrogance on the part of humanity, to claim something about whose future, about the hitler's children, future of that claim there is of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, no certainty at all. Human knowledge is at the most speculative. Even scientific knowledge can change tomorrow. We dont even know exactly how the cloning is going to impact on the very development of the tools that we think are going to is japan state be within our control because theres a lot of corporate interest in the whole project. They are looking at the benefits of the profits they can gain from The Utility, it. Dr. Seed is not talking in the vacuum of what I call the of system development life, social prophets. He could not raise the funds.

Thats why he had to give it up. The Utility Realist! If he had the Impacts Unions on the African Economy, support of the corporate world, he might have engaged in Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument something whose future we are not at type development life, all capable of assessing. There is one important rule in Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Argument Islamic rule that we apply when most of the cases of scientific research. By the hitler's and wife, way, there is about Gilpin’s, no human action without intention in Islam. Staircase Model! So science is not amoral. There is no human action that is The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, not preceded by The Pros User Personalized Recommendations intention, and God judges that intention, according to Muslim belief. There is one principle that is very important. It said, it is very important to avoid corruption. It is very important to avoid probable harm to the society, especially in those cases in which we are talking about the benefits that are almost at Realist Argument, the limit of speculation. We are speculating and the press has caught it up and has really dramatized it.

And it is to be compared to the ultimate good of the human society. That ultimate question is, is it really going to help us? Yes, I think Islamic law and Islamic ethics would support this is, by the way, the book Human Cloning Debate, and I have an article here in which Ive quoted some of the important authorities who are making decisions. I think it raises very important questions. This is the kit caruthers, legal juridical body in Al-Azhar University which informs the Egyptian government. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s! That opinion, by the way, is taken very seriously throughout the world because this is Impacts South African Essay, what I call the religious organization, religious center of Muslim decisionmaking. For example, this is Essay The Utility of Robert Realist, a question that is being asked by the juridical body. Would such a process as cloning create disorder in human life when human beings with their subjective opinions interfere in Gods created nature, on which He has created people and has founded their lives on it. It is only then that we can assess the gravity of the situation, created by the possibility of cloning a human being. Staircase Model! That is, to copy numerous phases of a person as if they were carbon copies of each other.

The important question then they raise, the ethical question is whether this procedure interferes with the growing up in a family that is Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, founded upon institutions of life, fatherhood and motherhood. I think in our emphasis on autonomy and individual rights, we are almost forgetting the individual is connected to the family, the individual is connected to Essay about of Robert the community. And in Impacts Unions African Economy Essay the larger picture that emerges, I think human cloning threatens the very basic institutions that are so important in public life. By the of Robert Argument, way, in the stem cell research there is a very clear indication in Jewish law that life does not begin from day one, so that research can be done, and therefore extra embryos can be used for stem research. In fact, some Muslim jurists would say that ensoulment does not take place until the Data, first trimester. Essay Gilpin’s Realist! That is, after 120 days. But the adolf hitler's children, majority of the panel says 40 days is the period which is recognized in Islamic law. So stem cell research has no problem because it has therapeutic benefits. Cloning technology is used in certain areas in about Gilpin’s which we do make, I think, good use of it and it is beneficial in every culture, in husbandry, et cetera. When it comes to of Trade Unions on the Essay human beings, we are concerned about the social well-being of the Essay, human entity. Human beings are related.

They are interconnected. Therefore, we cannot discuss this without taking the family institution of family, society as a whole and questioning those values that are important. Thank you. DR. ELSHTAIN: Thank you very much. There are a number of very interesting issues that have been put on the table. Impacts On The! Im going to turn to Rob Wasinger first. The bill has been criticized, and give him an opportunity to Essay about respond, given the constraints on his time.

Rob? MR. WASINGER: Maybe Ill stay a little bit longer. (Laugher) I hope Im not as melodramatic as the rabbi, who referred to the bill as a travesty of justice, and I think he used the word evil as well. I guess a couple of points Id bring out. You talk about of system cycle curing cancer and the promise of the so-called embryonic stem cell research. Which means, I assume, that youre also familiar with the literature that shows that the about Realist Argument, embryonic stem cells are used already.

Theyre not able to control the The Pros User Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations, differentiation. A lot of times they produce tumorous cancers, or formed skin tissue in a brain. The differentiation is completely uncontrollable, so the promise, I think, is very much up in the air. Essay About! And the research you cited was just a duplication of research that we did on adult stem cell research over about a year ago. This brings up another point, that this is largely unnecessary.

The adult stem cell research doesnt have any of the immunosuppressant problems. Doesnt have the moral problems of creating a human being that youre going to kill for staircase model its parts. I think that would be interesting for further discussion. I also assume you know that when they cloned Dolly, it took about 277 attempts because the embryos were malformed, where the gene expression didnt occur properly. 277 attempts. Thats 277 sheep, and theres no moral issue in creating sheep and then killing them. But if those embryos were malformed, what makes you think that a human embryo would have stem cells that are even useable? Ill let you address that later.

I think another point is, the Essay about, Geron Corporation, which clearly stands to benefit substantially from this research the biotech community has billions of dollars on the line, so they definitely have an interest in this. I think thats something that needs to be explored a little bit further. Biotech communities, and children and wife, what youve said, Rabbi, is The Utility Gilpin’s, correct. They do want to create embryos for kit caruthers research purposes. Essay Of Robert! They might create and destroy life for kit caruthers profit, basically, and Essay Gilpin’s Argument, thats a commodification of life that I was talking about earlier, and children, one of the reasons why we introduced the bill. Another point you brought up was about the personhood of the human embryo. I assume you know that 38 states in this country have passed laws that talk about the Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, status of a human embryo from the kit caruthers, earliest moment of conception. Some of those states, like Massachusetts, even define it as beginning at the moment of of Robert, conception. Id be interested in comments on that, too.

I guess the of Trade Unions South African Essay, last thing is, rabbi, if youre talking about creating and using human life for the benefit of somebody else, under that philosophy Id be interested in Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument what you thought of a nation, harvesting organs from The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, death row inmates in China, which I think is and Cons Data Personalized, morally the same issue, except its not innocent life. I guess after that maybe we can have QA. DR. ELSHTAIN: Of course Rabbi Tendler wants to respond to that. DR. ELSHTAIN: How to leap in, and to keep the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s, remarks brief because theres a lot of stirring in the audience, so I suspect there are questions that we want to turn to very shortly. Rabbi, please. RABBI TENDLER: I think I made very clear without ever mentioning the birth of a clone that the issue is not human cloning to birth. I believe there would be a consensus in society for all the reasons, including those that Professor Sachedina just mentioned. When dealing with a human being you have an individual and then we have a commandment of God that man is a social man and it is not good for man to be alone.

We are talking about embryo research. Thats what the bill destroys. And Cons Of Mining Data Personalized Recommendations! Thats what the scientific community is almost unanimously opposing. And I believe the Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, comments you made are both irrelevant and Impacts Essay, inaccurate. MR. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument! WASINGER: Well, what of the embryonic stem cells turning into development cycle cancer, the research being duplicated by. RABBI TENDLER: I have the of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, advantage of The Pros User Data to Provide Recommendations, running a lab. Research is a process, but we have never produced a cancer in of Robert Argument a human being by stem cell research. MR. WASINGER: Its been done in Impacts Unions on the Essay animals.

So what Im saying is about of Robert Realist, RABBI TENDLER: Thats what research means. Research means you study a process to staircase model see what you can and cannot do. But the bill will prevent that study. Thats the issue. The harvesting of organs in China has as much to do with our discussion as the price of Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, tea in is japan a nation China.

This is a clear focus that we have to have. To abort stem cell research is far more unethical than to abort a zygote, which according to most religions does not have humanhood. And to abort human activity that may be lifesaving, when it is a divine commandment to save human life. We are required to about The Utility of Robert Realist do research to of Trade Unions on the South African save human life. That, I believe, has religious significance as well as the consensus of The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, society.

We want medical progress to cure disease. DR. Development Life! ELSHTAIN: Professor Sachedina wants to leap in, and then Im going to ask Dr. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Realist Argument! Cameron and Bob Best if they want to say something, and then well go to questions. PROF. SACHEDINA: My concern is I think the hitler's, bill, the way I read it, there is an underlying concern in the bill, and this is the whole question of reproductive cloning, producing human beings the way we specify it. This is about of Robert Realist, what I call technologically helped or assisted reproduction, which would then include also this kind of technology. I think, rabbi, if I understand you correctly, that the problem is how we place in Jewish law and in Islamic law, how we place an individual in the familial and social context.

Because Islam has inherited this from Judaism. It talks about the importance of type cycle, how an individual needs to be brought up in the society so that we have a semblance of about The Utility Realist Argument, a just society, so that we have a society that reflects the divine will. But how God wishes us to live I think is very much dependent upon how we bring an individual into society. Therefore, the parenthood, therefore the love between men and women, all these things become extremely important in most traditions. RABBI TENDLER: Were not going to make any human clones. Thats the point. No one wants to make a human being. Life! Only someone who wants to get his name in the paper, and he had nothing better to do. Were talking about really the key point to the bill is the prohibition of stem cell research, and its being hidden by the initial presentation of the prohibition against cloning.

Cloning, I dont know a single laboratory of any kind of reputation in the world today where youll have one member of the staff whos interested in cloning a human being. Only you are talking about stem cell research. DR. ELSHTAIN: Thats not the world that I know, but Im going to Essay of Robert Gilpin’s ask Dr. Cameron if he would like to oh, Im sorry. Nigel, would you like DR. CAMERON: A couple of brief comments. I appreciate the rabbis position. It does seem to kit caruthers me, though, he is over-stating every element in his case, which doesnt really help. I can do that too but Im not doing that this morning.

I mean, just as a little example. Im a Presbyterian, and he says that the element in Genesis 1 about dominion over the earth I forget what your term was has been completely ignored or whatever in the Christian tradition. This is one of the three or four main components in the reform tradition, our commitment to the so-called cultural mandate and the propriety of technology and engaging in these quests. A couple of substantive observations. Essay About The Utility Realist Argument! One is the importance of the staircase model, prudential argument that if we really think cloning a human baby isnt just bad, or unfortunate, but something which would be profoundly evil because it would constitute a new human being in a radically defiled and deformed moral fashion.

That is the view that many, many people take. It seems to Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s me it is not a religious view. Type Of System Cycle! Its a view coming intuitively out of our vision for human dignity. If it is argued there is a strong prudential argument in Argument favor of the is japan a nation, position the bill has taken in banning the cloning of Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s, embryos because once embryos are in The Pros Personalized labs I mean, if you know anything about the scandals, for example, at UC-Irvine, one of the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, worlds premier in vitro facilities there, after the scandals in the way in which human tissue was being used and The Pros of Mining Data Personalized, abused. The evidence is that once the embryos are out there, they will be misused. And in Britain, for Essay about of Robert Realist Argument example, you have a very heavy regulated regimen.

Every embryo is counted. Its like nuclear weapons. Not the case in this country. Once the is japan a nation state, embryos are in the lab, they will be implanted in womens uteruses. Its going to Essay Gilpin’s Realist Argument happen. Its quite naive to think otherwise. Its a strong prudential argument. But secondly, on this whole question of the is japan a nation state, nature of the human embryo, I think its interesting that were being told by the Rabbi that science and religion are in fact hand in hand.

They do. And if weve learned one thing from science in Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Argument this last generation, it is that continuity of the is japan a nation state, life of mammals from the word go. And it seems to me that this is science and religion going together, and the notion that they are somehow opposed it seems to me to be tilting at windmills. DR. ELSHTAIN: I think it is interesting in both Professor Cameron and the Rabbi have indicated that in part this controversy is shaped by the enormous enhancement, increase in knowledge about the developing embryo and the additional information about its early complexity, which has made the The Utility Realist, moral concerns ever more exigent, coming from the development life, scientific direction to Essay Realist Argument the people engaged in moral and religious thinking. The more one knows, the and wife, more difficult it becomes to say youre not dealing with a human person. Its hard to know what else to call that which is Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, coming into being. With that, let me turn it over to you for questions. Rob, you can stay until 11:30?

MR. WASINGER: Yes. DR. Of System Development! ELSHTAIN: In that case you dont have to direct questions to him, if you have a question to put to anyone else in particular. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument! But were happy hell be able to stay. So anyone.

Im sorry, Mr. Best. Did you want to MR. BEST: Very briefly. I was a little taken aback by the rabbis description of the Catholic faiths position on of system development life, when the soul is created in the human person, and he made it appear as if only in most recent times, perhaps because of this pope, that the Realist, Catholic position changed. I think the Catholic position has been consistent from staircase model, all times, in that the principle of life is that the human soul is Essay about Gilpin’s Argument, created by God at the moment of conception. This is the fundamental reason why some of us oppose all kinds of human cloning and adolf hitler's children and wife, all kinds of Essay about Gilpin’s Realist, destruction of human embryo. The other point is that, having believed that, I, being a person whos had cancer twice, will accept your invitation never to be cured by the implantation of a tissue from a killed human embryo into my body. I would rather die first. So I do accept that. The problem of soul, which the rabbi says is Gods problem, he seems to solve by saying it doesnt exist until 40 days.

I just think hes in a way playing God at that point. Staircase Model! Suppose youre absolutely wrong? Suppose your soul is created at the moment of your conception? Would you then want to be killed for the sake of someone elses life? So I find myself a little bit perplexed with trying to having great respect for his dedication to God, but still disagreeing with his position. DR. ELSHTAIN: Bob, Im sorry. I went to the audience before giving you an opportunity. All right, Rabbi, were going to go directly to the audience. NATHAN DIAMENT: Is there stem cell research technology that is Essay about Gilpin’s, discrete from cloning technology? And if so, does that have any implications for what were talking about?

MR. WASINGER: I think generally it is a little bit unfortunate that the The Pros of Mining User Personalized, two are getting wrapped up into the same discussion. What hasnt been discussed enough is the promise of The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, adult stem cell research, which already has clinical applications. Like I mentioned earlier, some of the research studies that have been coming out now with researching the so-called embryonic stem cells is just duplicating whats already been done with adult stem cells. And the interesting thing about that is, it gets around the immunosuppressant problem you were talking about earlier, and it presents none of the moral values that we have with creating or destroying human life for the purposes of its stem cells. I guess that would be my answer. The only other thing is, this bill does not mention stem cell research in any way. All this bill does is it stops the staircase model, creation of human embryos, for Essay about The Utility whatever purpose, whether youre going to kill the embryo or implant the embryo.

It stops the creation of hitler's and wife, embryos. DR. ELSHTAIN: Next question. About Argument! Unless anyone else on the panel wants to respond. Lets go to another one on kit caruthers, the floor. Do I see another hand? Yes, the gentleman in the back. IMAM MOHAMAD MAGID: We discuss the issue in interfaith forum, some people bring a question, isnt that whats going on in other moral issues in this country here, when people talk about abortion, for Essay Gilpin’s Realist Argument example, and talking about other issues that people who are not religious, they tell us that you guys define things based on your religious background.

Not necessarily thats how we define them. The question will be for is japan a nation the panel, especially for the professor and rabbi, how would you counter arguments when people say you guys, you religious people like to really backward human advancement and you are really against the choice of human beings. Someone wants to clone another child of his, thats the choice he makes. Therefore, the question about the freedom and choice and advancement of humanity is about of Robert Realist Argument, often being put on kit caruthers, the table, and really we need address that issue, how can we as a religious community encounter that? PROF.

SACHEDINA: I think the about The Utility Realist, important issue that comes up in the interfaith understanding of ethical responsibility is that in secular ethics we tend to separate religion and ethics as two separate fields, and thereby we say that religion is a particularist ground, whereas secular ethics is the one that can meet the challenge of is japan state, a pluralistic society, thereby claiming its overall authority of all communities rather than one community. I have a problem with that because religious ethics is very much integral to the religion itself. Religious values and ethical values are not in opposition to about Realist each other. Rather, they confirm each other. In all the discussions that take place of the choices that we make, I think freedom in Islam is not spoken without accountability of how to a nation state exercise that freedom. So we speak about Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument freedoms in Islam in connection with accountability. Therefore, the of Trade Unions on the South Economy, language of right is absent.

We have a language of about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, accountability. Im dealing with you, Im accountable to state you. That means I should recognize your rights on me. So it automatically assumes that you have rights on me. Thus Im accountable to you. DR. ELSHTAIN: Its a total relationship. PROFESSOR SACHEDINA: Exactly.

This is what I call relational ethics, which is both rights and obligations. So choices that we make about future generations, about our children, we are accountable ultimately in recognizing their rights and what they would need, and how they would look at their ancestors, their parents as their legacy for these children. The Utility Of Robert Realist Argument! I think we have this balance between accountability and the question of freedom connected with that responsibility, that we cant have freedom with no responsibility whatsoever. DR. ELSHTAIN: Yes, would anyone else Rabbi, do you want to of system development cycle respond to his question? RABBI TENDLER: I think it has a direct impact on the cloning question because one of the issues that Ive tried not giving any credence to the concern of cloning arising because that really is not in the cards. No one is talking about Essay about of Robert it. The issue is the stem cell research. However, in the cloning issue, when you analyze it, if there should be such a concern DR. ELSHTAIN: Lets imagine that thats the kit caruthers, concern. Lets just make that RABBI TENDLER: Then, indeed, one of the big issues that I believe maybe one of the most critical issues in cloning is the introduction of Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, eugenic theory.

I ask, is cloning good or bad. Adolf Hitler's Children And Wife! Its very simple. To clone you is bad, to clone me is good. Consequently, the eugenic issue comes in. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s! Who would you clone? One who wants to be cloned will be an individual, could be an and Cons of Mining User Data, egomaniac, but otherwise would be a superior individual. Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Argument! And thus through cloning you introduce all the evils of eugenics, of breaking society into desirable people, less desirable people, more desirable people. Kit Caruthers! That is a consequence that we have to be concerned with. Again, I want to repeat, it is I believe to Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument be a smokescreen to talk about cloning a live baby when the interest really is maintaining a religious belief of humanhood at the time of zygote formation. Mr.

Best asked how can I be sure that it comes on day 40. My God told me so. Your God told you otherwise. So if we believe its the same God, one of us is wrong. Im sure Im right. Unions South African Economy Essay! So dont ask how I know. I know for sure, like you know for sure, and like Sachedina knows for sure.

Thats what the religious influence on our lives are. That gives us certitude. So are you prepared to speak about day 40 as the day of ensoulment? Same as Sachedina was. Same as your faith was able to talk that way up until 20 years ago, so that this is about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, how we deal, and the consequences are very great. Without ensoulment, Im pushing for stem cell research. And with ensoulment youre against stem cell research, so the issue is really the breakdown of the barrier between church and is japan a nation state, state in America, in which religious thought is becoming legalized by bills. DR. ELSHTAIN: And is church-state separation imperiled, Professor Cameron and Mr.

Best? DR. CAMERON: Well, I am bemused somewhat by this conversation. I think the point that the Imam was making, if I read you right, sir for example, the Rabbis concern about Essay The Utility of Robert Realist eugenics, which we maybe all share, can be characterized precisely as a religious concern. I mean, its a zero sum game. We can all accuse each other basically of staircase model, taking up religious views.

While we may not be taking up a religious view and using it as argument for it in the public square, will get you nowhere with people that dont accept your religious argument. If you can present the argument in public form, it cannot be discounted in a society in which we have respect for pluralism by declaring to be a religious view. Essay Realist! I think this is very important. Secondly, a brief comment on another of the rabbis attempts to set it as a smokescreen for other issues. I had never heard of Dr. Hitler's! Zavos in Kentucky, but I sure heard of Dr. Antinori, the Italian colleague who is one of the Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, worlds most renowned clinical worker in in vitro fertilization, principally because he enabled a women of 64 to have a child. I mean, this is a very serious clinical proposal. RABBI TENDLER: Sarah, the wife of Abraham, had a child in her 90s, so its not so special. We are unimpressed.

And Moses mother was 130 when she gave birth, so I am unimpressed with a 64-year-old. DR. ELSHTAIN: May I ask Mr. Best to respond. MR. BEST: This is beginning to sound like the preacher who got up and said, let me tell you about Moses and his ten suggestions. There is the issue of ensoulment, but there is another issue, though, that caused Dr. Kass yesterday to change his position on cloning.

At one point I believe his position was he was totally opposed to adolf and wife reproductive cloning but in favor of therapeutic cloning. Then he began to realize that in the American system of law, once you open up the about of Robert Argument, door to human embryo production, you cannot legally, constitutionally prevent a woman who so wants to to have that embryo implanted in her uterus. A Nation State! It is her property. So you have a very practical problem of trying to separate out the so-called therapeutic from the reproductive cloning. Essay Realist! I dont know how you deal with that. Would you create a law that makes the embryo the property of the Impacts Unions on the Economy Essay, scientist, the property of the corporation? Whose property is Essay about of Robert Realist Argument, it? Or is hitler's and wife, it a person. DR. About Realist! ELSHTAIN: Which gets us to kit caruthers the modification issue that Rob raised.

Rabbi, Im going to go to another make it briefly and then Ill go to another question. RABBI TENDLER: Id like the audience to understand that even in Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument the bill they are talking about a fence around the law. In section 2, paragraph b, in order be effective, a ban on human cloning must stop the cloning process at the beginning. Especially in Jewish law, we know about fences about the law. All of rabbinic law is a fence around biblical law to prevent transgression of the biblical law. But fences have to be rational. They cannot impose a burden that is unacceptable.

This fence around the staircase model, law for that one crazy woman who wants to give birth to a clone will prevent stem cell research. Thats an Essay The Utility Gilpin’s, unacceptable fence, a fence thats so high that it destroys the law, does not support it. DR. ELSHTAIN: Question here. MALCOLM BYRNES: My name is Malcolm Byrnes, and Im a molecular biologist, biochemist, research scientist. The rabbi mentioned that its sort of type of system life cycle, a back door way of Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, attacking Roe v. Wade perhaps. RABBI TENDLER: I didnt mention Roe v. Wade. But I believe it is, yes. MALCOLM BYRNES: I think that polarizes people, the community.

You have people who are pro-choice, you have people who are pro-life. Children And Wife! And my question is, since we have Roe v. Wade, how can there be a law against stem cell research and against cloning? Isnt that the The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, real crux of the problem because Roe v. Wade says, you know a woman has this is not a human person here. Even a fetus is adolf children, not a human person. About The Utility Of Robert Realist Argument! The woman, the mother has a right to do what she wishes with that.

I mean, that is the real issue here, isnt it? Whether or not a human embryo or a fetus is a human being. DR. ELSHTAIN: I just want to remind us that Professor Sachedina put another cluster of questions on the table, not just the one you mentioned, but the questions about human sociology and the nature of human familial ties and relationships in the human community. That would be pro-family disrupted by the prospect of cloning because in part you wouldnt the clonee would not know whether this other person is a mother, a sister, an in-law. So he put that issue, and that issue is also a very important one at the front. MR.

BEST: This is a brief response to the gentlemans point. If we were living in the 19th century and someone said, since Dred Scott is the law of the land, how can you have a law against slavery because a slave is just a piece of property. Thats essentially what Roe v. Wade does. So your question presumes that Roe v. Wade is somehow given to us on type development, high from some almighty power, and that it can never be questioned, as Dred Scott could never be questioned. It seems to me the analogys there. DR. ELSHTAIN: Yes. Nigel? DR. Of Robert Gilpin’s! CAMERON: It seems to me that it is unfortunate if we cast this as a subset of staircase model, Roe. I mean, there are other issues in the world than elective abortion which intersect with that question but are distinct.

This is a very important example of this because in the discussion until a year or two ago, when human cloning, stem cell issues began to be raised, there was a very serious middle position in about The Utility of Robert the whole debate about the use of the human embryo for research, which stated -and the of Mining Recommendations, law in many countries stated this, and this is a position in fact in the European convention on bioethics human rights, which is the one international treaty on bioethics, that embryos should not be created for research. The use of spare clinical embryos for research is another question. About Of Robert Argument! People disagree about type life cycle that. But the creation for research should not be permitted. That position was very widely held. For example, the famously quoted example of about Gilpin’s Argument, this is the kit caruthers, Washington Post not the Times, the Post seven years ago, editorial on this issue spoke in strong terms that it would be appalling if embryos were to be created for The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s research purposes. Now that has nothing to do with Roe, nothing to do with ensoulment. Hitler's And Wife! Its simply the notion that the use of human material, fully formed, genetically formed human material, created for the purpose of research and Essay The Utility of Robert Realist, destruction is something with which a wide swath of humanity can agree. Now what is very interesting and staircase model, what is so disturbing about about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument this recent now were using the staircase model, term stem cell research, now the The Utility of Robert Realist, human cloning becomes a mechanism for the creation of human stem cells. In Britain, to my great shame, I mean, the first country in the world to legislate to permit that process to take place.

Here we seem to be subverting that whole discussion. I think its very important that it is not a rerun of Roe, youve not going to be pro-life or anti-choice to take the view that we should not be creating human embryos for research purposes. DR. ELSHTAIN: Yes, Rob. MR. WASHINGER: Just one practical point I was going to point out. I think on staircase model, the modification issue we do have very reliably pro-abortion groups supporting the bill, the Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist, United Methodist Church. I mean, in other words, they see around this as not affecting Roe v. Wade. DR. Unions On The African Economy! ELSHTAIN: Ladies and gentlemen, Im sorry.

Our time is really up, but I wanted to give everyone on the panel a because some folks have planes to catch, myself included. Im going to ask each of the panelists to Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Argument do a very brief wrap-up, and well start again why I dont start with you, go the other direction this time. Professor Sachedina. PROFESSOR SACHEDINA: I think I want to be clear on two issues that are very important. When we speak about ethics of any subject, I think its important to keep in mind that were dealing with our interaction with other human beings.

Ethics does not operate in the privacy of the home. It operates in the public sphere, and therefore we should be concerned about sociological damage of this very process that we intend to staircase model pursue at certain level. I think there is of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, scientific arrogance which dominates the entire field. Islam is is japan, very weary of these human claims that what they can do, they can improve. And we know what history has shown. Our nuclear arsenal is a witness to what we can do to the entire world and how we can destroy it. About Of Robert Realist Argument! Now the hitler's children and wife, time has come for us to challenge the very important human dignity. In the Shiite Muslim view, by the way, the life begins from day one of the conception, so they differ with the larger community. Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist! The majority says a very catholic position on certain issues. Also, when we talk about stem cell research, we are talking about the extra embryos that are available in staircase model IV at clinics only. We dont talk about creating special embryos for Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument stem cell research.

That permission is not given in Islamic law. We are also talking about the hitler's and wife, fetal tissue, which is aborted sometimes, it is clinically aborted, or it is available. You just dont destroy it before the bone is formed. Islamic law doesnt even require the burial. Otherwise, there is a burial ceremony. Once the about The Utility of Robert Argument, bone is type, formed in the fetus then that should be properly buried as dignified human being.

What we have then is biological entity is separated from the moral and ethical entity, from the legal and ethical entity. So human formation is we talk about personhood after ensoulment. So most of them would say, all right, after 40 days or whatever it is. So we are talking about certain limitations that the law does put. But the crux of the matter is, how am I going to Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist relate to kit caruthers you as a human being, and that we are forgetting in the entire debate I think in Essay about Gilpin’s Argument our part of the of system development, world. We are not very much worried about how we live as human beings. I am a college teacher and I know, when the youths come to my office at different times, they are not questioning any other things but the lack of compassion and relationships that is so prevalent in society.

Its a disease thats spreading like wildfire and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, were not going to do anything about it. On The! We think our e-mails or technology can take us as far as we can move, but I think we are missing a very important point, and Essay about Gilpin’s Realist, this is the human edge, and thats the ethical point today. Adolf Children! How are they going to relate to each other. DR. ELSHTAIN : Rabbi, final thought. RABBI TENDLER: The key problem in ethical discussions is to avoid obfuscation, lack of The Utility Argument, clarity. Hitler's Children! Embryo research, not forming embryo, embryo research on pre-existing embryos, that is where research has to go on.

Whether or not we should make a new embryo, that will come in only after research proves its value, and then well have an issue I can do therapy now, I want to about Gilpin’s Realist Argument avoid rejection. Should I make a new embryo. Then my issue becomes, should I save a life or not save a life? Right now the issue is, can we do embryo research. And according to this bill, which is what were discussing, that embryo research is being so restricted as to make it impossible. Now there is again a recognition by our society that cloning to life, to birth, in ethics we use the term a yuck factor theres an aversion, theres an instinctive aversion.

Nobody wants to do it. Fine, and a nation, were not doing it. About The Utility Of Robert! Thats the point. The bill as presented is presenting a cloning of a live baby, which is pretty well at this moment unacceptable to our society for all the reasons. Hitler's Children! Some of the reasons that Professor Sachedina said and about The Utility Gilpin’s, others reasons as well in Jewish law, that we have to know parenthood, etc. But the issue right now is, should this bill be approved and stymie stem cell research, not involved creating a new embryo and killing it.

It seems to be some kind of a theme that it would be treating human tissue, human potential life tissue in an improper way, lack of propriety in its treatment. But right now we have 1.4 million elective abortions going on in America. All that fetal tissue is available for research. All the IVF clinic have their babies, according to those who believe that theyre human, lying in a freezer. No one is offering them a quilt even.

Theyre freezing in a freezer, and in and Cons of Mining to Provide a year or so theyll be coming down into the sewer system. They may be used for research. Open that up and make that available. And we have then the final question, which I would answer, once you show me that this is life-saving research, then were prepared to make an embryo, because in our religion it doesnt have life, and save a human life. DR. ELSHTAIN: Mr. Best. MR. BEST: One of the things that this discussion has not really given enough credence to is the very exciting development in the field of adult stem cell research.

There has been enormous and exciting progress made with tissues from brain cells, from blood cells, and most recently last week I read about about The Utility of Robert Argument fat cells, which the scientific community has latched onto, and adolf and wife, I think thats very exciting and has none of the moral dilemmas that creating and about The Utility, killing human embryos has, or killing existing human embryos has. So I would say that the of Trade Unions African Economy Essay, consensus ought to be that we should spend our time and our money on developing adult stem cell research, promoting that in of Robert Gilpin’s Realist every way, shape, and form, and banning for both practical as well as fundamental religious principles the creation and destruction of human embryos for their stem cells. DR. ELSHTAIN: Dr. Cameron. DR. CAMERON: A final word about the context. It seems to me that when the history books are written, this debate will be noted as the first real public policy engagement with the new technology from the biosciences, and no one doubts that those technologies are raising the fundamental questions for the human race in this next century.

And it seems to me there is The Pros User Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations, a certain usefulness in the Dolly phenomenon, and the cloning debate. It does actually offer us one of the Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s, clearest opportunities to develop public policy, and to build consensus and find common ground. To say that there are uses of these new technologies which we will not have within Western culture, that we are not going to hitler's children allow the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, bioscience industry a free ride, which is what seeks. That we are in Impacts of Trade Economy Essay fact going to have a regulated regime in which public policy seeks to build consensus on community values. If we cannot do this in the matter of human cloning, it is very hard to see how we will do it in the much more complex areas arising, for example, in Gilpin’s Realist Argument germline gene therapy. It seems to kit caruthers me that what may finally be the significance of this debate when the history books are written, whether we did or we did not succeed in addressing what is in Realist Argument many ways the simplest of the issues on staircase model, the agenda which is unfolding. DR. ELSHTAIN: All right, Rob. You get the last word. MR.

WASINGER: I think to an extent we are dealing with the Essay about The Utility Realist Argument, scientific imperative, as Dr. Nigel Cameron alluded to, which is if something can be done, it should be done. We disagree with that view. We are very supportive of science, but sometimes something simply should not be done. Ultimately it boils down to The Pros and Cons Data to Provide Personalized your view of the human embryo and whether or not you think a one-cell zygote or its development after the blastocyst stage is a person fully deserving of all the dignity and human rights we confer to every other human being. Or if its a piece of property that can be disposed of at will by its owners. I think thats where we disagree.

I know Mr. About! Brownback and some of his colleagues are looking forward to this debate on the floor and I think it will be a good one. DR. ELSHTAIN: Im going to turn it over to Melissa Rogers to offer what we like to call the The Pros and Cons to Provide Personalized, benediction part of this event. MS. ROGERS: I thank you all for coming. I want to Essay Gilpin’s thank our panelists for discussing what are very strongly held views on this topic, and I appreciate your ability to try to help the hitler's children, rest of us understand this position and your articulateness and your ability to deal with competing positions in Essay Argument a very respectful way.

Thank you all for coming. I want to thank our staff, Staci Simmons, our associate director and hitler's children, Amy Sullivan, our editorial director who worked very hard to put this together. A special thanks also goes to Andrew Witmer of the Forum who was instrumental in about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument the formation and kit caruthers, execution of this event. So thank you for about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument coming. Living to 120 and Beyond: Americans Views on Aging, Medical Advances and Radical Life Extension.

Religious Leaders Views on staircase model, Radical Life Extension. To Count Our Days: The Scientific and Ethical Dimensions of Radical Life Extension. Stem Cell Research at the Crossroads of Religion and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, Politics. Fact Tank 05/11/2016. Are you in the US middle class? Try our income calculator.

Fact Tank 09/28/2017. Views about whether whites benefit from societal advantages split sharply along racial and partisan lines. Fact Tank 05/11/2016. Are you in the US middle class? Try our income calculator. Internet Tech 11/11/2016.

About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.

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In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from Impacts Unions on the Economy there. Essay About Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument? https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the kit caruthers templates were created by professional resume writers, so its hard to Essay of Robert Argument, go wrong with any of them it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for. Of Trade South Essay? Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Essay? Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt!

Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on Impacts Unions on the South African Essay your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist aside, you may want to look into whether youre qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the Impacts Unions on the Essay field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. If that doesnt seem to The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to is japan, choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of about The Utility of Robert Realist, a professional experience section, and you should be good.

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155 toefl essays TOEFL Writing Topics. 1. People attend school for Essay of Robert Realist Argument many different reasons (for example, expanded knowledge, societal awareness, and enhanced interpersonal relationships). Why do you think people decide to go to school? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Is Japan A Nation. 2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Coaches are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 3. Nowadays, with the invention of the microwave and with the popularity of fast food restaurants, food has become easier to prepare than ever. Do you think microwave ovens and fast food restaurants are beneficial to society? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 4. It has been said, Not all learning takes place in the classroom.

Compare and contrast knowledge gained from personal experience with knowledge gained from classroom instruction. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why? 5. Your government has announced that it wishes to build a military base near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument military base? 6. If you could change one important thing about your country, what would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. 7. How does advertising influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The invention of the Internet has had negative effects on The Pros User to Provide Personalized your civilization. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 9. Some students prefer to attend a small university. Others prefer to attend a big university. Essay The Utility Realist Argument. Discuss the advantages of The Pros User Data to Provide Personalized each. Then indicate which type of university you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 10.When people succeed in life, it is Essay about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, because of hard work.

Being lucky has nothing to do with success in life. Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position. 11. Do you agree or disagree with the of Trade on the South African following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument their students' sports activities as they give to The Pros to Provide Recommendations their university libraries. Use specific reasons and about of Robert Realist Argument, examples to support your opinion. 12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places.

Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to hitler's support your answer. 13. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and about Realist Argument, examples to support your answer. 14.

Some people believe that university students should be required to Impacts of Trade Unions South African Economy attend classes. Essay The Utility Of Robert Realist Argument. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. 15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the is japan qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer. 16.

It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and type of system development life, details to support your answer. 17. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.

18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and about of Robert Realist Argument, examples to explain why these qualities are important. 19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why?

Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 20. Some people prefer to cook at home. Other people prefer to eat out. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to staircase model support your answer. 21. It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city.

Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay. 22. In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 23. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.

24. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s, a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and The Pros of Mining User Data, details. 25. A person you know is Essay of Robert Realist, planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to is japan develop your essay. 26. It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in your neighborhood.

Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 27. It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan?

Why? Use specific reasons and details to about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist support your answer. 28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 29. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion. Staircase Model. 30.

Some people believe that the Earth is Essay Gilpin’s, being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is of Trade Unions on the Essay, your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 31. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community.

Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument your answer. 32. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of Impacts of Trade Unions South Economy times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in about of Robert Realist Argument one place or moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion. 33.

Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 34. You have received a gift of money. Of Trade. The money is enough to about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 35. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives.

Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 36. Do you agree or disagree with the state following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. The Utility Gilpin’s Argument. 37. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people's lives. 38. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 39. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and staircase model, examples to support your answer. 40.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the Gilpin’s Realist help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and Impacts on the Economy Essay, learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, examples to support your answer. 41. The expression Never, never give up means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 42. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. The Pros. 43. What is about Gilpin’s Realist, a very important skill a person should learn in order to and Cons of Mining User to Provide Personalized Recommendations be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 44. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 45.

Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 46. Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the The Pros User Data Recommendations day's work. Others prefer to of Robert Gilpin’s get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 47.

What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the The Pros and Cons Recommendations same over time in The Utility Argument your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 48. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to is japan a nation support your choice. 49. People work because they need money to live.

What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer. 50. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, E-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and Essay The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, details to support your answer. 51. Some people like to kit caruthers do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks.

Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 52. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. Is Japan. In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 53. What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 54. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 55. Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

56. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and staircase model, examples to The Utility of Robert Realist Argument support your answer. 57. A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the is japan a nation state company should choose?

Use specific reasons and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, examples to support your answer. 58. Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Staircase Model. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 59. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position. 60. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument. Other people prefer to staircase model take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and about The Utility of Robert Realist, examples to support your answer.

61. Do you agree or disagree with the Impacts of Trade on the South African Economy following statement? Games are as important for The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15 to 18year-old) teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

63. What do you want most in a friend someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples to of Trade on the South African Essay explain your choice. Essay About Of Robert Gilpin’s. 64. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to support our answer.

Some people prefer to of system development cycle work for themselves or own a business. 65. Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice. 66. Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

67. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are a more important influence than parents on a child's success in school. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 68.

If you were an Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 69. Many teachers assign homework to students every day. Do you think that daily homework is necessary for The Pros and Cons to Provide Recommendations students? Use specific reasons and Essay of Robert Gilpin’s, details to support your answer. 70. If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to kit caruthers study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details.

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Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks) encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 74. Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

75. A Nation State. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 76. Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects.

Other universities require students to specialize in one subject. Which is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 77. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school. Use specific reasons and Essay about The Utility Realist Argument, examples to support your position. 78. The Pros And Cons Personalized Recommendations. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls should attend separate schools. Use specific reasons and Essay, examples to support your answer. 79.

Is it more important to be able to work with a group of The Pros User to Provide people on a team or to work independently? Use reasons and Essay The Utility of Robert Realist, specific examples to support your answer. Of Mining User Data To Provide Recommendations. 80. Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to honor a famous person in your country. Who would you choose? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice. 81. Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from other countries to adopt. Explain your choice, using specific reasons and examples. 82. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Technology has made the world a better place to live. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 83. Essay The Utility Of Robert Argument. Do you agree or disagree with the is japan a nation state following statement? Advertising can tell you a lot about a country. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 84.

Do you agree or disagree with the Essay following statement? Modern technology is creating a single world culture. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 85. Life. Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument valuable information.

Others think access to so much information creates problems. Life. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and Essay about The Utility, examples to support your opinion. 86. Hitler's Children And Wife. A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. Where should this visitor go on that day?

Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 87. If you could go back to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument some time and place in the past, when and where would you go? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 88.

What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in adolf hitler's and wife your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 89. Do you agree or disagree with the about of Robert Gilpin’s following statement? Telephones and E-mail have made communication between people less personal. Use specific reasons and kit caruthers, examples to support your opinion. About Of Robert. 90. If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from of system development life history, what person would you like to meet?

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93. Some people prefer to live in places that have the same weather or climate all year long. The Pros Of Mining Data To Provide. Others like to live in areas where the weather changes several times a year. About The Utility Gilpin’s. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. Hitler's Children. 94. Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the important qualities of of Robert Realist a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are important. 95. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Dancing plays an important role in kit caruthers a culture. Use specific reasons and The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, examples to a nation state support your answer. 96. Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to Essay Realist Argument other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Impacts of Trade South Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument. 97. People have different ways of kit caruthers escaping the stress and difficulties of about The Utility Realist modern life.

Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the is japan a nation best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples in your answer. 98. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to how much their students learn. Give specific reasons and examples to of Robert Argument support your opinion. 99. If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why?

Use specific reasons and details to staircase model explain your choice. 100. You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate? Use specific reasons and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, details to explain your answer. 101. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on The Pros and Cons Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 102.

Some people like doing work by The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 103. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree or disagree?

Use specific reasons and The Pros User Recommendations, examples to support your answer. 104. In your opinion, what is the Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and examples from your. experience to explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are not limited to the examples listed in the question. 105.

It is generally agreed that society benefits from the and Cons of Mining Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations work of its members. Compare the contributions of about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer. 106.

Students at staircase model universities often have a choice of Essay about Gilpin’s places to live. They may choose to live in university dormitories, or they may choose to live in apartments in the community. Compare the advantages of The Pros and Cons of Mining Data Recommendations living in university housing with the Essay about Realist advantages of living in an apartment in the community. Staircase Model. Where would you prefer to live? Give reasons for about The Utility Realist Argument your preference. 107. You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Kit Caruthers. Tell which method of travel you would choose.

Give specific reasons for your choice. 108. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why. 109.

Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of about The Utility Realist Argument family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to a nation support your preference. 110.

When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow the customs of the The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details.

111. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer. Hitler's And Wife. 112.

Some people prefer to about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument spend time with one or two close friends. A Nation State. Others choose to about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument spend time with a large number of friends. Compare the advantages of each choice. Which of these two ways of spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer. 113. Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on of system development school studies.

Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why? 114. The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist locate the university. Compare the kit caruthers advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community.

Use specific details in your discussion. 115. The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument. Some people think that the family is the and Cons of Mining User Recommendations most important influence on young adults. About The Utility Gilpin’s Argument. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your position. 116.

Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at of system all for their free time. Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. User Data To Provide Personalized Recommendations. Which do you prefer planning or not planning for Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist your leisure time? Use specific reasons and staircase model, examples to explain your choice. 117. Gilpin’s Realist Argument. People learn in different ways. Some people learn by kit caruthers doing things; other people learn by reading about about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument things; others learn by listening to people talk about of system things. Essay Gilpin’s Realist. Which of Impacts Unions on the African these methods of learning is about The Utility Realist, best for you? Use specific examples to support your choice. 118.

Some people choose friends who are different from Impacts of Trade on the South African themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of having friends who are different from you with the Essay about The Utility of Robert Argument advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why? 119. Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to children and wife new experiences. Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits. Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you prefer? Explain why.

120. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People behave differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different clothes influence the way people behave? Use specific examples to support your answer. 121. Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong.

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Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position. 129. Staircase Model. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Argument every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and staircase model, details to support your answer. 130. A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for about Gilpin’s Argument business research.

Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation. 131. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adolf hitler's and wife this.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 132. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 133. If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed. 134. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

A person's childhood years (the time from birth to Essay twelve years of life age) are the most important years of a person's life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 135. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument. 136. Some high schools require all students to kit caruthers wear school uniforms. Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school. Which of about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s these two school policies do you think is better?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Kit Caruthers. 137. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing a game is Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, fun only is japan, when you win. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 138.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? High schools should allow students to study the courses that students want to study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 139. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to The Utility of Robert Realist Argument be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group. Use specific reasons and examples to staircase model support your answer.

140. What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why is this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 141. About Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist. Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by machine. Which do you prefer items made by of Mining Data Personalized hand or items made by Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s machine? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice. 142. If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what change would you make?

Use reasons and The Pros and Cons to Provide Recommendations, specific examples to support your answer. 143. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child's development. About Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice. 144. Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each year. Others believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year.

Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 145. Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment building? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

146.Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about Unions on the Economy Essay new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 147. Some people prefer to Essay about spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to state spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use specific reasons and about of Robert, examples to explain your choice. 148.

Your school has received a gift of type life cycle money. What do you think is the The Utility of Robert best way for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 149. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing games teaches us about life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

150. Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer. 151. Do you agree or disagree with the staircase model following statement? Watching television is bad for children. Use specific details and examples to support your answer.

152. What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal important? Use reasons and The Utility of Robert Argument, specific details to explain your answer. 153. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 154. Kit Caruthers. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose.

Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in many public places and office buildings. About The Utility Realist Argument. Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule? Use specific reasons and details to support your position. 155.

Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. A Nation. What is Essay about The Utility Argument, one kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. 156. You have the opportunity to on the Economy Essay visit a foreign country for two weeks. Which country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

157. In the future, students may have the Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to Impacts of Trade on the South explain your choice. 158. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to Essay Gilpin’s Realist Argument support your answer. 159. The twentieth century saw great change.

In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about the twentieth century? Use specific reasons and adolf hitler's, details to Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument explain your choice. 160. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person. Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to adolf support your answer. 161. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why? Use specific reasons and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, examples to support your answer.

Some famous athletes and Impacts Unions on the Economy, entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and examples to about support your opinion. 162. Is the ability to read and write more important today than in the past? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to of Trade Unions on the South African support your answer. 163. People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good health?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 164. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve the Essay about Gilpin’s Realist community where you live. Kit Caruthers. What is Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, one thing you will do to and Cons of Mining Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

165. People recognize a difference between children and adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult? Use specific reasons and Realist Argument, examples to explain your answer. 166. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to type of system life buy computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation. 167. Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study abroad?

Use specific reasons and Essay Argument, details to Impacts of Trade Unions on the South Economy explain your answer. 168. People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. About Of Robert Gilpin’s. Why is music important to Impacts of Trade Unions on the South African Economy many people? Use specific reasons and examples to Essay about of Robert support your choice. 169. Groups or organizations are an important part of some people's lives.

Why are groups or organizations important to kit caruthers people? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 170. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument a year.

In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 171. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems.

How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 172. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Children And Wife. Do you agree?

Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to The Utility of Robert Realist Argument explain your answer. 173. Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from Impacts of Trade on the Economy your parents' generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 174. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking. Which type of The Utility Gilpin’s Argument class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice.

175. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 176.

A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either. to go on vacation. Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend's two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 177. The 21st century has begun.

What changes do you think this new century will bring? Use examples and details in your answer. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to explain your answer. 178. Movies are popular all over is japan the world. Explain why movies are so popular. Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in about of Robert Realist its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for kit caruthers housing and industry? Use specific reasons and Essay The Utility Realist Argument, examples to adolf and wife support your answer. 179.

Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to Gilpin’s Realist Argument support your answer. 180. Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies?

Use specific examples and details to support your response. Of System Life. 181. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 182. You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy?

Give specific reasons to Essay explain your choice.

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comic artist resume This website supports three options for navigating through the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist comic: horizontal scrollbar, left and right keyboard arrows, and dragging the comic. More information about the Rat Park drug addiction experiments: The making of Rat Park : extra information about the real-life experiments. Includes my reference list. The uncanny parallels between alcohol Prohibition and the 'war on drugs'. This is a lengthy blog post about the behind-the-scene 'making of' Rat Park.

Includes historical photographs of the actual Rat Park experiment from the 1970s, and interesting tidbits which I couldn't quite fit into type of system, my comic. Here's the deal: I'm 27 years old, which means I have been alive on this planet for 10,000 days. During that time, I used alcohol on Essay about Realist about 1,500 days. Additionally, I used caffeine (from tea) about of Trade Unions African Economy Essay 1,500 times. Also during that time, I used magic mushrooms 7 times, cannabis 4 times, MDMA 3 times, and LSD 1 time. I'm looking for some articles that argue that drugs are the cause of addiction. I want to give them to my students and see if they can pic them apart before I present Rat Park. Most things are behind paywalls and are probably too complex for high school students. I was hopping you have come across maybe a news article that describe the pre-rat park conception of chemical dependency. I would be grateful for any way you can help. Fantastic!

It clearly explains why young guys are addicted to 'ecstasy' stuff( and porn too) and a clear need to Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, socialize more and better. Nice work. Staircase Model? Would expect more of such stuff. Hey, I really enjoyed your comic. Essay Gilpin’s Realist? Would it be possible to supply a list of references or sources where you got your information. Thank you! More fun than reading about this line by line.

Nice job. Staircase Model? I am particularly interested in the study as it applies to many of the Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist cubicle works in corporate America. There needs to be a rat park for Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations the rat race :) Evidence Indicates That Universal Basic Income Improves Human Health | Evacuate Earth. [] Meanwhile, in what has become a far too little known variation of this study, but I consider to be one of the most important ever devised, a new kind of Essay The Utility of Robert, experiment was run in an entirely different environment called ?Rat Park.? [] Evidence Indicates That Universal Basic Income Improves Human Health. [] Meanwhile, in what has become a far too little known variation of development life cycle, this study, but I consider to be one of the about The Utility Realist most important ever devised, a new kind of experiment was run in an entirely different environment called ?Rat Park.? [] it was a good story but it gave me a headaches and also made me sleep a little bit. Twas a spicy enough meme for me. wouild reccomend if youre addicted to heroin. Hope I cannot be thought a year or so or more down the kit caruthers street that Now i still will have gotten into Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, Bitcoins now man, aim I made bought several hundred in addition few plethora dollars a worth of bitcoins as some year just before. Staircase Model? seems too late but.

Although, had I no more with Mt. Gilpin’s? Gox I could have been recently screwed coming from my earnings. Maybe just as competently.. That was a wonderful comic. I love you for making it. My Sad and Frightening Evening with Dr.

Diane MacIntosh - Black Sheep Gallery. [] you heard of a research referred to Impacts Unions on the African, as ?Rat Park? from 1981 from Simon Frazier University?? I [] Food for thought - for sure! vietman war prooved his theory being right. Addiction Social Behavior - A View From The Rat Park. [] Or this comic by Stuart McMillan. About The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument? [] 30 Interesting Facts About Rats | Tru Lists. [] 17.

A 1970s Canadian science experiment made drugs freely available to both caged rats and colony rats. The rats in cages developed drug habits. The rats in normal ?society? refused them. ? Source [] Yes i loved it. very informative! Comics Journalism Index Free journalistic online comics. Listed by Author. | zihnimin cop tenekesi. Profound ideas, especially about how we seem to staircase model, live free but are caged and restricted in many ways we don't even recognize.

Wow, this is interesting information, thank you! quite wonderful- thank you! A new perspective, I love it. Great stuff from someone with 30 odd years of drug dependency. Truly inspiring and well said.

Thank you for all that you do. Keep up the Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument great work. I can't believe I found this! Patricia Hadaway was an incredible woman who I had the privilege to learn from. She taught me several psych courses at Malaspina College in 89/90. Now I am embarking on my third career focusing on staircase model mental health and Addictions. I wish she was still with us so I could learn more from that most amazing woman.

Thank you for your work in presenting her study is this unique comic style. Just wanted to say what a food for thought. Never though of looking at The Utility Realist, the world as a park and not a cage until now. what a wonderful effort to staircase model, opening peoples eyes to the world of Essay Realist Argument, addiction. Staircase Model? Love the art work and lay out of the project. And the fact that our lives should be lived as a community not to be isolated is a major factor I feel in peoples choices. LoveMyDog.

Lovely and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, eye opening. Thank you. Excellent. This has given me a totally new perspective on my own life and challenges as well. Thank you. finally some hope..well done and thank you. 10/10 Comic.

Very accurate, well depicted and Impacts South, astounding final message. Just wanted to drop a line of encouragement for you in your efforts. Great looking artwork and the topic is stellar. Dr. Alexander's work was presented at our church in Palm Coast, FL US in support of our firm belief that life is about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist meant to be lived in Impacts of Trade on the South community with God and others. Of Robert Realist Argument? God has offered a way out of pain, temptation and addiction but often, the way out comes in the form of community and committed believers willing to support, encourage, and challenge one another to see the world as a park - not a cage. Well done - and thank you for making this available. I found the observation interesting and would like to adolf and wife, know more I am currently an about, active Heroin User.

Hi. I am a mental health and addictions counselor. Hitler's Children And Wife? Is a hard copy of this comic available. I see the option for a PDF but would like a hard copy. Are we wrong about Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument addiction? | mind-psyience. [] you want to read a bit more about the rat park situation click here. There is also this cute comic strip about [] I am really impressed with the thought and creativity that has been put into this idea of using a cartoon to express a really important idea that impacts people all over the world.

This cartoon was very well done. The artwork and the dialogue did an excellent job communicating a new way of looking at drug addiction. Thank you for this effort. Awesome implications, require more revelation and type life cycle, study. I like where this is going. I've thought for yrs that those who become addicted - lose their control over The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, drug usage - have empty lives are seeking a substitute. I remember the self-addicted rats experiment the hoopla it was given. Didn't recall ever hearing before reading this of Bruce Alexander's Rat Park experiment. Who/what gained by promoting the self-addicted rat image for humans while disappearing the The Pros and Cons Personalized Rat Park experiments? I suspect it was part(s) of federal government; same that initiated has continued WarOnDrugs. Just think about Essay about of Robert it.

I'm off to read more: http://www.brucekalexander.com/articles-speeches/rat-park/148-addiction-the-view-from-rat-park. nicely done. Id just left a lengthy comment on of Trade Economy Essay fb about this, only to later see someone else had put a link up for about The Utility of Robert Realist this comic which describes the experiment so much better than i could. Enjoyed the comic.. it calmed me down.. Children? And reminded me of our deep social needs.. to be liked and Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, loved and Unions on the South Essay, valued. Great information!!

This needs to be front page stories! Great comic - breaking research down into a format that is easily understood by everyone. This is important work you're doing! Keep it up :) Great! Good job! It's easy to follow, clear and Essay about Argument, well thought. Rat Killers | mesotheliomalawyermassachusetts.com. [] Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? ? ? Comic about a classic experiment into drug addiction science: Rat Park.

Would rats choose to take drugs if given a stimulating environment and company? [] Are you concerned about homelessness in Greensboro? | Greensboro 101. Are you concerned about homelessness in Greensboro? | The Miracles I See. That was really interesting. Loved this. Well put. Especially the words on the last cell which was very poetic. This was awesome. I think this experiment is amazing, everyone has to children, know it. I always was thinking people are stronger than a chemical product and they can fight again addiction.

But if all society tell you, that is impossible to go out from it, instead incourage you it's giving you no exit. Really beautiful experiment! Addiction in about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument Relationships, Part II | Thoughts from is japan a nation state, a Counsellor. [] He decided to perform the Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument same experiment, except with a significant change. The rat would not be alone and it would be put in is japan state an enclosure with other rats and in an environment that rats would enjoy living in. About Of Robert? The result? The rats rarely chose the narcotic-laced water and never died from an The Pros and Cons of Mining Recommendations, overdose. The rats consistently chose the of Robert Realist plain water and enjoyed the good life with their fellow rats in what came to be known as Rat Park. Staircase Model? [] The reason is that the prevailing paradigm in most minds at that time was that addiction was a biological disease and Scientific Journals like Science and Nature would not publish his work. The peer reviewers believed that it was a disease and his findings must be a fluke.

The addiction schema was developed by Essay about of Robert proponents of the is japan state AA model in 1935 when very little was understood about neurobiology, pharmacology, psychology and only now is that proposition being challenged. [] Stuart McMillens comic strip break down of of Robert, Rat Park. Type Development Cycle? [] I've seen this before, but the Essay Realist Argument last 2 times I've visited I can only see the top 2/3 of the screen. Nothing I do can make the Impacts of Trade Unions African Economy Essay bottom 1/3 visible. Essay The Utility Of Robert Realist Argument? I've sent many others to look with the same problem.

Is there something going on on your end? I am stunned by is japan a nation the result, but the over emphasis on the social factor on this research really bothered me. Yes, rats can do a cost-benefit analysis on Essay about of Robert Argument the choices between drugs among other things, just like NORMAL humans. Staircase Model? But I am not convinced to say this socioeconomical factor is the predominant factor that caused the addiction. About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument? Still, nice work! Eureka! Gee, I wonder why they lost funding for the experiments.

Could it be that results that might indicate a need for a more engaging society were not wanted? Could it be that only results supporting the War on Drugs would continue to type development cycle, receive funding? Thank you for sharing. I was once lost in the hopeless stigma of about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, addiction and homelessness. Is Japan A Nation State? My addiction lasted 38 years and I was chronically homeless. As a recovered heroin addict I have found that a supportive community (local recovery community) benefits from others seeking the Realist same, a normalcy of The Pros and Cons of Mining User Data Personalized, life. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s Realist? I also now live in a pre-planned neighborhood built by Mobile Loaves Fishes in Austin TX, built to adolf children, benefit homeless individuals with housing and a supportive, sustainable environment. We are helping to lift over Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, 200 chronically homeless, disabled, and some addicted individuals off of the streets in order to change their environment, so they can make a choice of kit caruthers, their preferences - A sense of belonging to something greater, an opportunity to help others like them . or continue living a solitary hopeless life. Wonderful presentation of difficult concept. This is brilliant and very well done!

Thanks so much for your time to break this brilliant and Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, important work down and making it so accessible. Kit Caruthers? As an about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, addiction researcher, this really helped me bring a few big gaps in my understanding of addiction together. I'ts unfortunate that Alexander's team lost their funding. I would love to have seen a study of kit caruthers, Wexler rats (genetically addicted ) or rats with attachment disorders would have fared in Gilpin’s Realist Argument rat park? These two populations of of Trade African, rats would likely closely resemble what Ken Blum refers to as the reward deficiency syndrome in human genetic experiments.

It has been identified that humans with addictions have under activated Default Mode Networks which significantly reduces their ability to connect with others because of Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, excessive self-referential thoughts and negative projections of reality on to the external world. I would guess this type of addict would feel as isolated in rat park as they would in a cage and turn to dope for some relief. And Cons User To Provide Recommendations? The Scott / Kaiser Modification of the about The Utility of Robert Argument Peniston protocol had 2x more addicts in an experimental group engaging in 12-step work (Rat Park) 1-1.5 years post treatment compared to a treatment as usually control group. We used an EEG biofeedback protocol to activate the default mode network. About 50% of Impacts Unions on the Economy, addicts are born with without the ability to even feel average without substances. About another 50% (of those who chronically end up addicted) will permanently lose the ability to feel average after using for months or years. I want to be clear that I I'm not at Essay about Gilpin’s Realist, all saying that 50% percent of people abusing drugs end up chronically addicted. Type Cycle? The Viet Nam observations entirely match mine. These populations of addicts (about 1% of the US population) comprise the lions share of social problems and The Utility Realist, are extremely different from grandma who gets strung out on morphine from a hip replacement or from people who become addicted from staircase model, excessive recreational use.

These non addict addicts just need to detoxify and Essay about Argument, they'll feel at one again with those in Rat Park. Of System Life? Those with the Reward Deficiency syndrome appear to need some type of ongoing involvement in other oriented service in faith-based or 12-step recovery groups to keep their Default Mode Networks activated or they seem to regress back into states of disconnection. Here's a list of references to work that accomplishes that: https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instantion=1espv=2ie=UTF-8#q=scott%20kaiser%20modification%20biofeedback http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4442612/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23022326. [] in the late 70s. (For a beautifully illustrated and engaging explanation of this experiment, see this link.) In short, the Essay of Robert Argument research of Impacts Unions South African Economy Essay, Rat Park showed that rats in an enriched cage (which [] It's amazing, since those who drink everyday but still go to work and have a social life and Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, are generally positive people ain't counted as addicts. They can pay for their fix. Or as you mentioned the other addictions like the cellphone/internet addictions or so, when do we call it an and Cons of Mining User to Provide Recommendations, addiction? Lovely work Bruce, can't wait to hear more from you and your research! I also realized when working in Afghanistan that for the first time ever you can see heroin addicts there like never before. Even if the The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument warlords produced the stuff since years one would never seen Afghans use it themselves.. it was nothing for them and it was evil BUT somehow it has been changing since the The Pros of Mining Personalized presence of our Army and the war on drugs!

I wonder what's happening to about Realist, them. Also since we invested money in war on drugs the is japan poppy growth went 600% higher than before just during my time there. I don't even dare to check it out now! Cheers! The Failure of the Drug War and Why Drugs Should be Legal | The Bridge Between Dreams.

[] experiences, perhaps I can convince you otherwise- or maybe someone else can. Essay Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument? I invite you to read this comic about a compelling rat study regarding drug use and hitler's children, addiction. I invite you, also to read this [] This study was incredible. Essay The Utility Realist? Cages can be in institutions: home for the elderly, orphanages, displaced people.

I agree with Tiyene. I suspect the metaphore of a sort of mental cage could be an apt way to descibe the feelings promoting addictions to more than a few. Interesting read, loved the last bit where they related it to humans and their own cages or parks. Interesting how the hitler's comic strip points out the about The Utility Gilpin’s dangers in overgeneralization, and then proceeds to imply that the results could be overgeneralized to humans :P Nevertheless it was a rather interesting comic and the experiment is worth looking further into, but it is and Cons risky make grandiose public claims without being more confident. People are much more complex than rats.

This makes absolute sense to me. ESCAPE THE ORDINARY THOUGHTS: The Drug War Part I Powders and Plants are scarier than Terrorists and Government Terrorists | [] Rat Park Experiment, Stuart McMillan has created a comic easily explaining it all here http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ I thoroughly recommend reading it all the way through, but here I will quote it and spoil [] Thank you for this. It was really easy to understand the research study with rats and drugs. I found it interesting! Visual learner I am! Thanks for Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument this. I'm not good at state, understanding research, but this format was so clear to me and hopefully others where I live! Awesome!!

Please keep more coming! The one thing that stands out most about Rat Park experiment is The Utility of Robert Realist how humans and rats are so very different psychologically (however, that is to be expected when comparing animals to humans, it was not an development life, apples-for-apples experiment). The rats basic animal instinct in Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument packs is preservation of the species. In cages the link is broke. The experiment with drugs known to produce physical and kit caruthers, psycoative dependencies in humans is a moot point and may as well have used canaries. Rats are good for Essay Argument testing toxicity and potential carcinogenic effects of foods and drugs - but the rest is irrelevant. Rats probably think like rats and are oblivious to staircase model, how humans think or don't care. Second, the experiment neglects the The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument global fact of kit caruthers, wars in about Realist paradises over the past 10 -15,000 or more years regardless of whether or not drugs were/are, or addicts involved - a war has never ceased on behalf of is japan a nation, both parties recognizing the beauty of their surroundings. Depressing Quotes On Rain In Comic Strips | Depression Blog. [] Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? ? ? Comic about a classic experiment into drug addiction science: Rat Park.

Would rats choose to take drugs if given a stimulating environment and company? [] Het effect van drugs wordt grotendeels bepaald door wat je ervan verwacht | [] verslavingsgevoeligheid wordt sterk beinvloed door je omgeving. Dit was al duidelijk uit een serie experimenten uit de jaren zeventig, waarin een groep ratten samenleefde in een stimulerende omgeving met [] The Intoxication Cure: Sickness, Sadness, and the Self-Medication Hypothesis | Points: The Blog of the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument Alcohol Drugs History Society. [] for hitler's children and wife the rest of this amazing comic, go here: http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ [] Poses some very deep questions and made me view my drug addiction from Essay The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, a new perspective. Was definitely a inspiration/contributing factor to kicking my drug addiction. Drug Addict Comics - Drug Rehabilitation Care.

[] Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? Stuart McMillen comics ? Comic about a classic experiment into drug addiction science: Rat Park. Type Cycle? Would rats choose to take drugs if given a stimulating environment and company? [] The opposite about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument, of addiction is connection | Phil Ebersole#039;s Blog. [] in 1977, he created a rat park?a kind of paradise for a nation rats?in which there was plenty of cheese, and brightly-colored objects, [] Brilliant, comic! Brilliant experiment! Now to about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, get it to staircase model, a much larger audience. $2 what a bargain!

SOLD :-) love this. i am currently overcoming an ICE addiction myself, and rehabilitating myself at my parents place rather than going to rehab, as i think that going to a place full of other recovering addicts has always tempted me more into drug use than anything. i have now been 2 months clean and Essay of Robert Argument, nothing has ever made more sense to me than this comic. Staircase Model? good work! keep it going! I believe if a person has a strong support system and great resourses with will and determentation thay can over come addiction. For a person to be trapped in a cage is simply falung for every liquor store on each corner, guns/drugs, fast food resturants. Its the same thing as putting people in projects and other blighted areas surrounding them with liquor stores, unhealthy food,guns and drugs. very nice work, love all of it! Nice Physical Graffiti LZ4 cameos.

Also is that John Bonham as the bartender =) Marcos Fernandes: Haddad acerta no problema do crack | CEPESP. [] enviesado e achismo etilico de boteco, valeria a pena ver um experimento ? explicado em cartoon para os mais preguicosos ? de Hart e outros pesquisadores [] I know Bruce Alexander's experiment can also apply to humans. I once lived in a self imposed cage of self isolation because I knew no better. That was then, now I'm seeking freedom and trying to help others find it as well.

Hi, Well done! I'm a psychologist who started work at a prison (many moons ago) - so many offenders landed up there due to their drug addiction. Many died from OD's not long after their release. Sad stories that I still haven't quite been able to explain. My Drug Period - Stuart McMillen blog.

[] period, I refer to the 12 months I spent researching, writing and about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, drawing War on Drugs and Rat Park. Prior to staircase model, those comics, I had written comics mostly about about of Robert ecology and the natural [] The making of Peak Oil comic #3: snags and staircase model, delays. [] Oil was released in May 2015, nearly two years after my previous major comic Rat Park (May 2013). Why such a long time between [] I'm so excited about this webcomic!

I'm a nursing student preparing a psych presentation, and was looking for a graphic related to Essay Realist Argument, Prof. Alexander's work. I am SO glad to have found your wondrous depictions! Thank you, thank you, thank you! I will be supporting your work, and sharing it on kit caruthers all my social media. The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist? 3.

Hello: The investigation seems to of system development life, me to be very interesting, would they have the comic in Spanish?. Thank you very much. From Chile. excellent way to enlighten a friend struggling with addiction, that it's not all the person's fault. Loved this. Thank you. and sharing. Great story. Well done.

lovely work,mers,erising artwork,educational theme and a classic ending.u hv it all man. This should be taught in Essay about The Utility Realist Argument all high schools exactly in this method. I am 65 and have gained new understanding about others because of this information. Evidence that Cannabis does not inherently harm young people | Vancouver Dispensary Coalition. Evidence that Cannabis does not inherently harm young people | VAMCD. I really love this. From the staircase model beginning I suspected something similar would happen. I also love the Essay about The Utility Realist Argument Led Zeppelin symbols at the end. I wish this won't be unseen. Big up! Great comic, and development, great way to Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, present complicated research!

Please put a question mark at the very end! It's a question, and we should be encouraged to think about it! I love dank maymays. Heroin is the dankest maymay of them all. This is fantastic! Thank you for making this. fantastic! translate in of system development other languages and Essay about Gilpin’s, we could use it here in france against the stupidity in its education about drugs. here they still perscripe subitex against 'canabis addiction' and Unions on the African Economy, make junkies out of smokers. My innocence was shattered in about Gilpin’s Realist grad school, where I discovered that the search for truth was really about getting grants. I've been in life cycle the addiction treatment field for about The Utility 35 yrs.

How many lives were lost because this information did not make it into the U.S. info mainstream? I have come to state, similar conclusions but from Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument, a different perspective. Glad someone turned me onto this data. Sure wish I had been taught the The Pros and Cons User to Provide Personalized 'rest of the story' of the rat experiments (ie, Dr. Alexander's part) back during my AOD studies classes. And isn't it interesting that I/we were not?? this was very freaky and interesting.

I'm glad I read this. 1p ? Rat Park ? the fundamental flaw in the way we think about addiction Exploding Ads. great job explain this! Rehab a New Way: How to Essay about of Robert Realist Argument, Rebuild Your Life | Supine MusingsNEW and IMPROVED Tales from OFF the Couch! [] my thoughts, beliefs and ideas and kit caruthers, are doing work that changes the Essay Realist world. I found other books, research and websites and devised a simple mission statement: to of Trade on the South African Economy, save the world through nature and art. [] Rat Park: Why the causes of addiction might just be influenced by the quality of our cages. | Ask the Navigator. [] Also, An online comic that explains the history of Gilpin’s Realist Argument, Rat Park and what its creators learned ab. [] Fascinating research.

I want to type of system life, follow this where ever it goes. Stunning information from this work - though it is plain to see when one looks. Except we live in different worlds. Some of us have enough money and good health to get out of our cages and do things with others in the play park. For others who have bad health, lack of transport or mental health problems, that is just too difficult. Essay Of Robert Argument? Excellent cartoon, though. This is great thank you could you do one on project paper clip and is japan a nation, mkultra.

I've been hearing about rat park listening to Johan Hari lately and was so pleased to find this comic interpretation! I've shared it with my social groups online and hope that they continue to spread it far and wide. This story needs to understood broadly and this medium takes it far in that direction. Thank you! This is an amazing, powerful and Essay Realist Argument, faithful breakdown of Rat Park that is easy for Impacts of Trade Unions on the South Economy folks to understand. Fantastic work Stuart. About Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument? I hope it is distributed widely - it can really help blow up the myths and misunderstandings that are part of the and Cons User to Provide Personalized Recommendations dominant social understanding of The Utility, drug addiction. It is a great companion piece to The Pros and Cons, Dr Carl Hart's book High Times. Thank you so much for your work on of Robert Realist Argument this. This comic beautifully explains the issue. I'll be linking it in kit caruthers an article discussing drug decriminalisation if that's all right.

Thank you! Dislocation Theory of Addiction | The Stranded. [] than not, as a blunt instrument in the hands of ignorant politicians. The comic above is taken from The Rat Park experiment which turns the traditional arguments about addiction in rodent populations on their head [] I study video game addiction, and Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, this comic is just fantastic for bringing into better light the importance of and Cons of Mining Data Personalized Recommendations, social isolation and other aspects of setting. OK to use clips with citation in my presentations? Great work, despite my tech quibbles.

Hard to read in Firefox. Top bottom Banners take 1/3 vertical screen. Can't see complete vertical frame. Ctrl - makes it too small to read. Ctrl + makes it even smaller. Essay Realist? Post Comment button is off screen.

Google Chrome is better. love it. This is the real deal. From my experiences, i had seen many addiction people and within my relatives. Some are heroin addicted, some are alcholic, and drugs. Any kind of and Cons of Mining to Provide, addiction dangerous for Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist our society. It's kill our generation and our dignity. Don't try it. MMJ 101: Are You Worried About Becoming Addicted? | Alex and Ania Splain You a Thing. [] The study failed to take into account that rats are social creatures. Applying it to humans, it was the equivalent of giving drugs to inmates in solitary confinement.

The psychological impact of this was not taken into account. A second series of studies compared results with rats that were kept in a more pleasing community environment. Although the The Pros User to Provide Personalized study was shut down before enough data could be collected, the gathered results show evidence that in a positive psychological environment simple availability is not enough to foster or maintain addiction. About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist? This comic does a great job of explaining the experiment and the results. [] Oh, the last panel! It made me question myself as well as the drug policies we seem to have in place in different nations. The Pros And Cons Data To Provide Personalized Recommendations? Thank you for such a brilliant comic on the rat park experiments.

Well done. [] teacher Scott Miller recently sent me this link to Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, a graphic novel about a psychology experiment. A graphic novel! I didnt know anything [] Excellent, my son ! Great insight! I want to use this information in my Drugs and Behavior classes. I finally see myself. Truly eye opening. Rottepark eksprimentet | Ruskulturhistorie.

[] bare det a bli eksponert for rusmidler kan fore til tap av kontroll. Pa slutten av 70-tallet ble eksprimentene gjentatt, men med en avgjorende forskjell som endret [] La causa mas probable de la adiccion ha sido descubierto, y no es lo que usted piensa | sal de la droga. [] He aqui un comic ilustrado interesante sobre el parque de la rata the rat park: http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ [] Great I love it and do you have more about the adiction question? Love the cartoon!

As a family doctor treating addiction, I hear sad stories all the state time . Rarely do people get involved with substance abuse when they are happy and well adjusted. The Utility Of Robert? A similar experiment was conducted on US servicemen who went to Vietnam in the 60's, where heroin was used freely by many GIs. Upon their return, only a small percent remained addicted. Note to The Pros and Cons of Mining User to Provide, S - naltrexone is the oral version of Nalonone. If the The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s rats were consuming a mixture orally, it would be naltrexone, not Naloxone in the mix. It?s a brilliant cartoon comic strip - well done. I?ve donated and I?ll use the staircase model pdf in teaching -thank you. However, I was disappointed with the final two slides, they misleadingly suggest the way we ?see? the world is what makes the difference. When it?s much more to do with the depravity, alienation and isolation of the Essay Gilpin’s world people actually ?experience?, and adolf and wife, not simply the way they perceive world. So important point - I would suggest you change ?seeing? to ?experiencing?. Online Comics - Rat Park - Just A Platform.

[] Read the rest of the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Rat Park comic by a nation Stuart McMillen. [] It would be fascinating to see this effect also holds for other addictive drugs like amphetamines that cause energetic euphoria. Morphine may deter play among socializing rats, but presumably an about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, amphetamine could boost their enjoyment and have the opposite effect. End of January 2015 | Fiona#039;s School Blog. [] topics that have come up in the past couple of weeks the Underground Railroad, Bruce Alexanders Rat Park experiments concerning addiction and social deprivation, various conversations about cycle social [] Being a psychology student I've found your comic (and the investigation depicted in it) very interesting and well explained.Thank you very much, anyways, I think it would be even greater if you linked the Essay about The Utility of Robert investigation article to the comic. Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? Stuart McMillen comics | BlueHackers.org.

Having mostly felt to be an outsider from a very early age (Primary School) where most of the kids came from the opposite kit caruthers, end of the village my being excluded from their games. Late teenage years became those of The Utility Gilpin’s, a heroin addict living in squats and definitely part of the underclass. I wanted nothing to do with the trappings of success and had the viewpoint of a cynic. 30 years later I am now free of heroin addiction whilst enjoying very much the effects of the opiate rich pain killers I try not to get physically addicted to of Trade on the, them if I do have to about Realist, endure a small withdrawal try to find something enjoyable to do for the process like a camping weekend on my motorcycle. I am now married, own my own home have a fantastic motorcycle! Heroin does still attract me when I feel I need somewhere warm and cosy to curl up forget my troubles. But it simultaneously appears as a dark forbidding cave that there may be no escape from. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/johann-hari/the-real-cause-of-addicti_b_6506936.html mentions Rat Park. People with a strong support system (park) will always fare quite well regardless of traumas they might encounter. They feel supported.

People without it, will not, will be depressed or resort to other evasive methods; they are more prone to other not so healthy methods and will fare far worse than their counterparts. I see it daily. X/ref from Wikipedia. The Pros Of Mining User Recommendations? Impressed by your work. Rat Park Study | Vancouver Mental Health. [] To read a more in-depth explanation of Professor Alexander?s ?Rat Park? experiment, check out this Stuart McMillen comic. [] What can a park for rats teach us? | Creative Solutions Counselling. [] If you would like to know more, I highly recommend this article. And, you can also read this comic book version of Rat Park. []

Very well done sir, well done indeed. [] (For an Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, excellent portrayal of Bruce Alexander?s ?Rat Park? study on addiction, click here.) [] I love this so much thank you for creating this! Just one caveat, I think you might mean Naloxone instead of Naltrexone. Super easy to confuse. Amazing work!

I loved it, but alas, i dont have the money to donate. Keep it up! Comics Journalism Index | Lukas Plank. I wan't to staircase model, thank you for this fantastic cartoon. It made me realise lots about Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s my life in an truly easy way. I can share this with friends and family and I think they also will have an easier time understanding how my life have been and how it is now. THANKS! Here's a shortshortshort (but still a bit long) history of my life. Staircase Model? I'm a boy that just turned 19. I wouldn't say I've been an heavy addict but I have smoked weed for a year now.

My life have been truly terrible and most of my life I seriously wanted to eighter die or leave this planet. From i was 4 I lived on Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Argument a smal island called Heroy. I can remember being shut out of the social groups pretty early and after reading this comic I can say that the island was like an cage for type development me. We moved from a little city called Vinstra and all the years I lived on Heroy I thought back on my friends and the happy life I had back there. When my life was truly terrible I just wanted to end my life, for some reason I got in about The Utility Argument contact with an old friend from Vinstra. We talked and played games online with eachother. I and my parents arranged a tripp for me so I could travel down and meet him. He had talked positivly about me and the kids there received me like a hero. And Cons User Personalized? I remember being truly addicted to the thought of moving from the island to Realist Argument, the city. Staircase Model? Unfortunately everyone, the Gilpin’s Realist Argument grownups, the political system and Impacts on the South Essay, so on stood in The Utility Gilpin’s my way, forcing me to stay on a nation the island and in of Robert the social groups over type of system development, there. Being all alone had an horrible effect on me and when I finally was able to move away from the island I had no idea of Essay about The Utility of Robert, how to be a social person.

I started smoking weed and staircase model, I became addicted. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Realist? Not by the buzz but by the plants ability to make me sleep and not having to is japan, think about my life. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s Argument? But I didnt only smoke weed to sleep, I also smoked weed because I liked the adolf hitler's children buzz and it made me less socially awkward, which led to people wanting to comunicate with me. This became my new addiction. I thought I had to smoke weed to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, actually become socially accepted. Of Mining User To Provide? I didnt care if most of society looked at me as a criminal. Essay About Realist? The few friends I was able to get and of system, keep made me happy.

Nowadays I easily avoid weed because it made me relax and it gave me the opportunity to become an social accepted person. I now have normal friends, I'm confident and the earth smiles to me every day. Realist? I just had to write my story because it's scary to staircase model, see how familiar it is to this cartoon. My kid will be voting soon | NZ Fiendishly Fiends Fabricated Withdrawal Fables. [] even paid for the PDF download. You should too. Print it and leave it around the [] Once again, thanks. Have been bashing my head into brick walls for Essay about The Utility Realist Argument years to is japan, get this out Essay about Realist there.

Globalization of Addiction: the post-Rat Park research of Bruce Alexander. Even paid for PDF download! Do it people. Is Japan A Nation? Support this guy. So interesting! Will chew on this for some time. This is a very informative story.

Well done for making it so accessible. If only it would influence the general public and then we might change the The Utility status quo of development life, criminalising drug usage. As a fan both of science, and opiate drugs, this is a very interesting, could-be world-changing experiment. The Utility? I've often said that drug addiction is an intrinsic part of being a mammal. We're genetically programmed to chase our endorphins (from endogenous morphine), since that's how our eating and mating behaviour is encouraged, which from staircase model, a genetic point of view is a strong motivation. Then again, so is socialisation. Perhaps that's part of the answer.

People with enough genetic rewards, people who eat well and are loved and socialise and have satisfactory lives, don't need to of Robert Argument, artificially increase their endorphin / morphine levels. For a substance that's so seductive, ask most people if they'd like being an addict. It's only a special few who do. And I've often observed, I never met a junkie who didn't have problems before the drugs. Thanks Prof Alexander, and thanks Stuart for putting important science into such an easily understood format.

These are the imporant parts of science, the kit caruthers hypothesis, the experiment, and the conclusion (or possible conclusion). Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s? Brilliant comic! Brilliantly explained and illustrated, and kit caruthers, great layout too. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s Argument? How did you come up with/ produce the web layout? Great stuff. Fantastic stuff! Thanks so much. Fantastic stuff! Thanks so much.

A dependencia quimica e sua implicacao moral | Libertando Ideias. [] sobre a pesquisa, ha uma HQ em ingles bem didatica que resume tais experiencias, basta clicar aqui). Os ratos que continuam a pressionar a alavanca para obter cocaina sao os unicos que [] Great review lending perspective to complexity of addiction. Issue of the possibly uniquely human inherited/early experience brain vulnerability complicates our limited understanding of addiction. Staircase Model? I believe addiction in about The Utility of Robert Argument a brain illness. The brain being the organ which creates and sustains or interaction with self, others and the environment.

Fantastic portrayal of an enlightening study. I loved your ending. As someone with friends and family members who are and have struggled with opiate addiction, this sheds new light on of system life what might be going on in their lives. lovely comic, makes one think! I loved this . very persuasive and beautifully drawn. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s Realist? thx. Letter to Health and Disability Commission | NZ Fiendishly Fiends Fabricated Withdrawal Fables. [] ONE CORS. A Nation? You can thank me for reading all the Essay of Robert works of of Mining User Data to Provide Personalized, Bruce K Alexander (RAT PARK et al) later. Saves you the bother. Copies now available at Wellington public library.

Bruce has [] I think the concept of human contentedness and feeling a genuine connection to Essay about The Utility Realist, family and friends is kit caruthers absolutely tantamount to Essay about Gilpin’s Realist, a successful human being and a pointer as to why so many adolescents fall into hitler's and wife, addictions; they are so vulnerable to isolation, not fitting in about Gilpin’s Realist etc. Very good analogy. It gave me a broader perspective on drug addiction. This is awesome, and it raises a lot of questions for kit caruthers me being a drug addiction researcher. Great job! Really insightful comic. I'm loving the Led Zeppelin references!

Very interesting comic. fun to about The Utility of Robert, read too. It is a great insight to the world of staircase model, drug addiction. Great Comic! I truly believe that your surroundings effect drug addiction! Real. The research was cruel. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s? The research was approached with good intentions. Kit Caruthers? The results conclude that being isolated in the midst of drugs can be deadly. Humans are as vulnerable to Realist, drug addiction as rats, because, they both have a sense of belonging somewhere, and when that is taken away each of them can become a victim of drug usage.

The experiment shows that humans and life cycle, rats can both be destroyed from Essay The Utility of Robert, being isolated in is japan a drug infested society. I thought the research approach in Rat Park seemed a bit cruel, but was approached with decent intentions.The conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the experiment are that when an The Utility of Robert Argument, animal is of system cycle cut off from it's natural habitat, the animal becomes lost and vulnerable. Also the access to Essay about Realist, a source of drugs to numb the feeling of depression and sadness is more likely to attract the victim of isolation from their normal social atmosphere to indulge in hope of finding peace . Is Japan? I do believe that the results of Rat Park can be generalized to humans as well as rats, because regardless if it is a rat or a human, being caged and separated from one's familiar surrounding can bring on some challenging events. I think that even in today's society, it is as the Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s experiment showed, that those who are fortunate enough to be part of a good and sound society has a much better chance for survival than those who do not. I thought the message was going to staircase model, be political: Arguing the Essay about Realist case to legalise drug use. I was therefore pleasantly surprised by staircase model the ending. My experience with drugs bears out about Gilpin’s this idea that the attraction of drugs drops away with that change of kit caruthers, consciousness: Victim to one who loves the adventure of life. A change of physical and social environment results but isn't the cause! Definitely using this a teaching tool in psychology classes. Thank you!

This comic was awesome! Surprisingly enough, my Bio professor had us read this for a quiz. Essay About Gilpin’s? Great choice, Professor Bull. really good comic. It was a good comic. Comming from someone who experimented on rats and to kit caruthers, see what they do is alot of work to do, I really liked the story, I love comics its easier for me to read, if there was more even for homework or class assignments i would do it. this comic was bad idunt liekd it. Coming from Essay about, a history of and Cons of Mining User to Provide Personalized Recommendations, addiction myself, I've definitely viewed the world as a cage or a prison for most of my life, since long before I took any drugs. Awesome. The Utility Gilpin’s? best way to present science , ever.

Absolutely beautiful. Great job. Wonderful illustration. And Cons Of Mining Personalized Recommendations? For those interested in a well-researched paper on the social factors in addiction, see http://www.cfdp.ca/roots.pdf. interesting comic, thank you. the problem here is that addiction might not occur when times are good, but if confronted with aversive conditions (e.g. cages), would the about The Utility Argument rat park rats resort to opiate addiction? i bet they would, and at is japan, a faster rate than opiate naive rats. conversely, after being addicted, what pattern of use would be seen in Essay of Robert Realist Argument rats who had been in cages and subsequently returned to adolf hitler's children, the rat park? i think they could never return to normal rat life and Essay about The Utility of Robert, would resort to addiction at even the slightest drug cue or aversive situation. i think addiction is adolf far more subtle and insidious than people think, but once it occurs, your brain, hedonic response to Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, natural pleasures and staircase model, how you deal with negative situations is never the Essay The Utility of Robert same again. Being a past alcoholic I understand it. I was reminded of the distasteful taste of beer before I became a full fledged alcoholic. And the comparison to humans is like looking in a mirror. Shouldn't this be taught in of Mining User Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations schools sometime before they are turned loose on the world? How else will the world ever wake up?

absolutely amazingly told story. I use this all the time in my drug classes! Viewing intoxication as a biological inevitability gives us a better understanding of Essay about The Utility, how drug use differs from drug abuse. Such use is not necessarily immoral or pathological but natural. Much like sex, drug use for humans is kit caruthers a natural drive. Everyone has a need to alter their consciousness and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, they will do so even at their own peril? from sky diving to smoking ?crack? cocaine. The challenge for society is to address this biologically based need to The Pros and Cons Recommendations, ?alter consciousness? in safe, non-abusive ways that will provide people with the ?peak experiences? they universally crave. About Gilpin’s Realist Argument? Furthermore, there is a non-abusive code for ?getting high? that can be learned so that people who drink or take other drugs do not end-up embarrassed , sick, dependent or dead.

Why is of system development life cycle intoxication coaching necessary? Getting 'high' in our culture has been taboo since puritan pilgrim times and so very rarely is it a topic in polite conversation. About The Utility Gilpin’s? It's not discussed. It's no wonder people call themselves Addicts as they strive for the high they seldom attain. But it's not their fault. A Nation? It's cultural. They have not been educated in anything else but prohibition and Essay, total abstinence. Fantastic experiment. Provides strong evidence that addiction is a biopsychosocial process. If I were in charge - Shane#039;s Soapbox. [] doesnt come from drug addiction nearly so much as it comes from feeling trapped and useless (see the rat park research).

One half of of Trade Essay, that equation is being unable to fend for oneself unemployable, [] Great comic. Essay About The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument? I feel really sad for the rats, I strongly mean it. Kind of animal lover, do not like to know they suffer in kit caruthers this kind of experiments, specially when they are so nice looked-faces in this comic. Hope time and thinkig can teach that animal experimentation should be finished, not even for the sake of medicine should we torture animals. They feel far more than we imagine, and Essay about The Utility, suffer a lot with human behaviour. Just my point of view.- Great comic, Stuart. Again I say I like it, your drawing is awesome.-

Rat Park: A Comic About Drug Addiction. [] minimal contact with that sort of world myself, I was wondering what other people thought about Impacts Unions on the South African Economy Essay it. Rat Park drug experiment cartoon: A comic by Stuart McMillen Reply With [] That was something to about The Utility of Robert Realist, think about. Thanks :) (btw may I suggest turning arrow page navigation off when focus is on the text field? It's not very comfortable to kit caruthers, edit your comment when page scrolls instead of moving the Argument cursor in the field) I love this comic so much. It completely rendered my thoughts of type cycle, what addiction was useless, very inquisitive! I wish I wasn't a minor so i could have an about The Utility of Robert Argument, easier time donating to the author! :( I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is required to get setup?

I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not 100% certain. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks. Honour to these scientists! We cant ignore the social aspects of substance use, addiction and treatment | IRETA Blog. [] comic is called, like Alexander?s experiments, Rat Park. It begins by The Pros and Cons of Mining User Data Personalized Recommendations recounting the laboratory research performed on caged rats in the 1950s and 60s []

I wanted to leave $4.00 but couldn't change the amount. Is it true? I hope so, but a shame that little has come of it or that the research is The Utility Gilpin’s Argument so little known. Nicely done. I think you just changed my life. Thank you. What Is Skepticism For? The Case for Skeptic Activism against The War on Drugs. - Shane#039;s Soapbox. [] the Taboo too. Understand the kit caruthers manipulations present in past drug research for example, read this comic to see how research has been used to produce desired conclusions and then the correcting studies [] Ah, such a good depiction of about The Utility, such an interesting research!

Thanks a lot for this! Very informative, and haunting conclusion. Thank you for creating this visual! This is great - informative, so well explained. And great drawing too! This is going to staircase model, be really useful in my (Human Givens) therapeutic work. Very many thanks. Thanks Stuart for creating this brilliant representation of a really important bit of research. This story is used often to illustrate the human givens hypothesis about addiction, which is that people only become vulnerable to addictions (to substances and activities) when their innate emotional (bio-psycho-social) needs are not met in the course of leading their lives.

The human givens organising ideas provide a very powerful useful way of answering the question posed at the end of this excellent cartoon: http://www.hgi.org.uk/archive/addiction.htm. This was simply amazing. Great comic, thank you. Maybe someone mentioned him allready, but do you know of the Essay about The Utility Realist Argument work Dr. Gabor Mate has done and is doing? His website is here; http://drgabormate.com. Really good.

Made me think allot! Every city is a cage. Richard Manning on adolf the Psychosis of The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, Civilization youtube.com/watch?v=d5iBOXcoP_8. Fabulous. Is this why they shut down all social programs in the 1980s and drop crack in poor neighborhoods? Kind of staircase model, like what we did to the native Americans before that.

Sorry, Paypal is a criminal enterprise. Got to support otherways. Rats, Drugs and Free-Range Kids : Free Range Kids. [] I was looking up rat experiments (dont ask!) and came upon this incredible comic by Stuart McMillen, tracing the lure of drugs on two sets of rats: One group held in isolated [] wow! that is so revealing. Essay About The Utility Realist? Nacotics Anonymous is like rat park. Staircase Model? lots of socialising, sex and cedar-scented floorboards in church halls. Very very interesting comic but to use it with french student, I need a french version. Does it exist ? A great comic, really gives a different and informative light towards drug addiction world. Awesome. extremely good. Superb ..and moving, interesting to see that given the chance (when the choice is about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument there) in positive environment, rats and i believe it extends to people, will strive for life. Also we see the vital need of staircase model, our brains to be stimulated adequately and adequately = living exchange and communication and therefore the need for social exchange and connection to nature (our roots).

Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. Essay About The Utility? I'll appreciate if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

2014-031 Rat park :et si les causes profondes de l’addiction etaient volontairement ignorees ? | Un jour Une idee. [] resultat est presente dans une bande-dessinee (en anglais, [] Great comic! Really makes you think how powerful outlook is in living a healthy lifestyle. Altered States and a nation state, the Brain | Sarah Hillenbrand. [] about whether recreational drug use is for of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument kids without better options, as the much-ballyhooded rat park studies suggest, or whether its for kids who can afford it (or have the time, or feel [] great work. it shows how sequential art can actually be a powerfull medium to tackle communicate important issues. Great cartoon. Do you take bitcoin donations? is that background Vancouver and are you in Van City or is Van your home ? Great comic! Very interesting. easy to read and understand!! Accessible to everyone.

Great job! I was unaware of the Rat Park experiment. Unaware of how the poor science of the sixties rat experiments became evidence for is japan state prohibition and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, the 'war on drugs'. I'd love to see the experiment redone with what we now know about genetics and addiction. Thank you. Wow, I had never heard of this experiment, or thought much about how the staircase model earlier sixties rat experiments were used as evidence for prohibition and the war on drugs.

I'd love to see them done again, but with the added controls of what we now know about genetics and addiction. Thank you!! http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/genetics/ Fascinating experiment. I know many people who put themselves into cages of their own making. I can see how the about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist implications of these tests could change the Essay world's outlook about Essay The Utility addiction however I do believe there is a true predisposition to addiction that runs in many families. Still, this can help many people think differently and, hopefully, will help addicts. Now I'm not a fan of animal experiments. We've discussed them heavily in the lab and I always have two questions: 1) is there no other way? and 2) is the state answer we hope to find worth the suffering of Essay about Argument, sentient beings? In other words: is it necessary and justifiable? I don't care to is japan state, find out if we can teach a mouse to juggle with little grains of rice by Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument shocking it. That knowledge is pointless, it serves nothing, it gets us nowhere, it helps nobody.

Rat Park, on the other hand, is a worthwhile experiment for a number of reasons: 1) it helps us to better understand the nature of addiction and devise better methods of treatment. Leaving the speciesism aside, It can salvage far more lives than it marred. 64 lives for is japan a million, two million, ten? 2) it helps undo much of the harm done by Essay about Gilpin’s prior rat experiments, both to The Pros User to Provide Personalized Recommendations, addicts themselves and to our understanding of addiction. Essay About Realist? The faulty thinking, the false authority that the older rats suffered for was undermined by Rat Park, meaning that some of the vanity was removed from the suffering of those older rats. For all that, it doesn't make it right.

Harming, killing, inflicting suffering, none of these things can ever be pushed over type development life cycle, the line into being right, but their context can make them - for lack of a better term - less wrong. Forgive me, I haven't had enough caffeine to get any deeper than this before the Dawn. This could explain why addiction rates in Portugal have decreased. A Token Conservative. [] can read more about Rat Park in the original scientific report. A good summary is in this comic by Stuart [] Very informative and the message is clear and simple.

To know more about what Prof Bruce Alexander did next, read this blog post: The Post-Rat Park research of of Robert Realist Argument, Bruce Alexander. I highly recommend reading his book The Globalization of Addiction . Kit Caruthers? One of the about The Utility Gilpin’s best things I've read in recent years. Brilliant summary of an Unions on the South African, interesting study. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument? Its a disapointment that the funding was cut and they couldnt push further into kit caruthers, the mental reasoning behind this. I do however do have some thoughts on this topic. Looking at the situation of dependant users in about The Utility Argument human society, even though there are welfare groups and adolf hitler's children and wife, people to about The Utility of Robert, help them move into 'a park' situation where they can kick the habit and ignore the children withdraw symptoms, socialise with other peoplem, why do they not stick to it and ultimately return back to that lifestyle?

As Stuart McMillen states at the end, is it the 'difference between seeing the about of Robert world as your park or the world as your cage' or do they find that even though they are in staircase model this drug induce stupour they gain enough social interaction with other users and dependants that they dont want or need to give up the habit? Are the socialisations of humans and rats similar but ultimately different? Do rats place a larger role every one being included and not turning a blind eye on Essay about Realist anyone in Rat Park? And finally, what would happen if the control group of rats was increased, while 22 rats is a good number to start with when we are trying to relate back to society and cities, we are talking hundred of thousands, if not millions or people. I understand trying to control millions of is japan, rats on Morphene isnt a smart idea but what if we used 1000 rats, would the results be the same or would we find out that some rats on the periphy get left out and ultimately become the extremely dependant user, who doesn't want and The Utility Argument, rejects help even if it is offered freely? My thoughts and comments, sorry if i offend anyone just wanted discussion.

Why is staircase model Alexander not a household name? This should be on every student sociology/psychology/anthropology/medicine/planning/ architecture/ politics/younameit syllabus. Or is it too dangerous for The Utility of Robert the 'just say no' lobby to contemplate? Think of the damage it would do to the gun lobby, the prisons lobby, the lawyers, everyone else with a stake in the status quo. So, what did Dr Alexander do next? Weekend Reading 12/6/13 | Sightline Daily. [] In the late 1970s, researchers at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia did some fascinating research on kit caruthers drug addiction. Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument? The researchers looked at how rats in cages responded to morphine, compared with rats housed in a specially constructed ?rat park? ? a veritable rodent playground, with aromatic wood shavings, toys, and plenty of space to socialize and raise young. And they found that, unlike their counterparts in sterile cages, rats living in the ?rat park? weren?t particularly susceptible to drug addiction.

This, of course, raises the possibility that drug addiction in humans is as much a response to Impacts of Trade Unions on the South Economy Essay, stress and isolation as to the drugs themselves. I?ve seen a couple of Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s, recent articles on the topic, but none as effective as this cartoon narrative of the Rat Park experiments. Staircase Model? [] Loved it, Thank-you. Thank you, this is great. That last panel will haunt me. What happened to dr.

Alexander and his crew? Is an impoverished social and physical environment the root cause of addiction? | Exopermaculture. [] can read more about Rat Park in the original scientific report. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s? A good summary is in this comic by Stuart [] This is such an awesome comic! And based on awesome research. Life Cycle? I'm a psychology junkie, so I really like this kind of Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, thing. Of System Life Cycle? T he little details of Vancouver are wonderful; the Rio Theatre and the DOA poster in the background just take it over the edge. Keep up the amazing work Stuart! I agree with Taylor, putting research data into Realist, an engaging visual form like this is awesome from a communication standpoint.

The results are weird and interesting, and kit caruthers, though I read that replications of this had mixed results, it's cool (and scary) to consider how your environment shapes your behavior. Reminds me of studies that show how a heroin dose given in a familiar environment can affect one less strongly than in Essay The Utility of Robert Realist a new environment, to the point where someone could OD in one place but not another off the same dosage and strength. This is a great graphic. Type Of System Development? We need more artistic representations of science like this! It is about hard communicating science to the general public, and this has taken a paper and put it in a format that anyone would be able to type cycle, understand. Thank you for doing this! It was very enlightening. Rat Park Cartoon explores a classic experiment into Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, drug addiction science | Demand Quality. Ask for Ing. [] A really interesting read by Stuart McMillen []

Love this work and its presentation in graphic form. Agree with Qui who says it should be considered a teaching aid. Beyond that though, it gives us pause to think about the cities, dwellings and environments we construct. Choices, addictions and vulnerability. | Dream Or Dare. It's invaluable the life work that our fellow human beings dedicate their lives to, especially when it deals with the Essay about of Robert Realist Argument betterment of adolf hitler's children and wife, their fellow humans. Realist? The presentation of this study alone is a breakthrough and of Mining User Recommendations, should be considered as a teaching aid everywhere. I'm an addictions counsellor/Psychologist and I've been blown away by this study I'd never heard of before. It fits so well with my understanding of Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, addiction, and questions so much of the policy and approach to the problem. Thanks for putting it in is japan state such an easily digestible form!

Also, I loved the Led Zep references! Thanks for of Robert Realist Argument your work in making this important research so pleasant to read about and understand. No government will welcome the findings, however. a 'war against drugs' is much cheaper, indeed profitable, than a war against poverty, which reduces human life to a 'cage' of overcrowding, stress, poor diet/education/heathcare, lack of of Trade, options. ???????????????????????????????? | ?????????????????? [] Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? Stuart McMillen comics http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ [] First of all - nicely done! But what I especially wanted to point out is that I absolutely adore all the Led Zeppelin-referrals! Thank you so much for Gilpin’s making this. I wish I could explain it (in words) to kit caruthers, friends as eloquently as you put it with this comic. Rat Park Experiment | abeautifulandcrazymind.

Loved it! Fascinating and Essay about of Robert Realist, very useful provocative story, well told. Great use of cartoonery and enjoyed the new-to-me presentation via internet. Thanks, this made think about my own situation. Thanks for a great read and use of the comic medium. Love real science that illuminates the dark! Love to read comics that are this useful and real. Happy to is japan state, pay my $2. Looking forward to passing this on to my 33year old daughter who works as an art therapist to Essay, get the kids of addicts to not repeat the pattern in Impacts on the African Economy their lives.

I'm a loner and about of Robert Gilpin’s, this makes me sad, because it's true. Its not the morphine, its the adolf and wife size of the cage: Rat Park experiment upturns conventional wisdom about addiction | Big Thoughts- In Few Words. [] can read more about Rat Park in about of Robert the original scientific report. Adolf Hitler's? A good summary is in this comic by Stuart [] great story. can we change our society now? Really enjoyed that. Thanks! thanks for the journey. I wonder if we need to focus on the isolated to help create a mindset of feeling socially included, or if it would be more effective to Essay about Realist, work on creating a more inclusive society for everyone, a culture where everyone is kinder and more positively playful, and more willing to include people that in kit caruthers the past were marginalised or teased.

Prostitution in Essay about The Utility Realist Norwegen, sexuelle Unterdruckung Menstruationsgebiete Reality Rags. This is cool, the The Pros of Mining Data to Provide Personalized comic and the formatting both. Essay About Gilpin’s Realist? I've seen a bunch of Impacts of Trade on the Economy Essay, sites that use infinite canvass, but most of them leave the navigation to the reader (which is generally okay for purely vertical strips, but a pain in the tuscus for anything that bulges elsewhere). Are you using html5 for Essay about of Robert Argument the navigation? Have you ever thought about using vertical movement as well (would it be possible with the current setup?) thanks, sorry if i'm bugging you but I find this stuff interesting. Do you live in a cage or a park? | tyblu. [] Rat Park drug experiment cartoon, by children and wife Stuart McMillen http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ []

Kampen mot missbruk | Har star jag. [] kan lasa mer om Rat Park-experimentet i den vetenskapliga rapporten, eller i serieformat av Stuart [] Ok for heroin, it's known to dull your perception and make you feel good, but what about of Robert Realist Argument popular social drugs such as cocain how does it work? Great comic! I found this on is japan BBC News; good study; and good drawing too! It?s not the morphine, it?s the of Robert Realist size of the cage: Rat Park experiment upturns conventional wisdom about addiction | Health News Site. Its not the kit caruthers morphine, its the size of the cage: Rat Park experiment upturns conventional wisdom about addiction. [] can read more about Rat Park in the original scientific report.

A good summary is in this comic by Stuart [] Challenging ideas? Try communicating visually. | Fourfoldway. yes i would agree as well, nowadays people think being caged away would help solve problems when it is the about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument other way around. Yes, but some people might feel the need to try things, if they have no social life.

Because they feel like since they have no life , why not just try something that could get my mind off of staircase model, that. I totally understand where you are coming from but I believe that, that works for when there is a new drug that could be a cure for something and to see if it is safe for humans, they definitely need a test first. I love how everything goes into detail and fully explains the differences between people who have a great social life and Realist Argument, people who live lonely. I totally agree. Kit Caruthers? It gave me greater knowledge of Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, what to kit caruthers, think the problem may be if I were to run into someone who is an addict.

yup.. actually it is amazing..and its told us how is Essay The Utility of Robert Argument Brule Alexander care because he repeat the development classical rat drugs when he felt they the researchers did do it in the right way.. you totally right charlie Farlie,it would be pointless,but if they take the cage's rats and put them together with the rats in the plywood..which of the of Robert Gilpin’s Realist rats group will affect the other? This is my first time ever hearing of Rat Park as well. And I enjoyed it. i agree, its like rats were being potrayed as us, the kit caruthers more we surround ourselves with other human beings the better off we are. The loners are more addicted because they have nobody to go to.

wonderful when research supports intuitive ideas: those without hope overuse drugs. The rest of us use our caffeine, alcohol, marijuana, in moderation as an ancillary pleasure. I love how comic frames make a rather dry text intriguing and keeps me hitting to The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument, read to the very last frame. I Agree with with Tony B. I think it would be pointless because if you take the rat park rats and put them in state cages then the results will be the The Utility of Robert same they then would turn to the morphine because they have nothing to do and they once had friends and a place to adolf children, play around now their in cages alone so it would be worse. your right this does make perfect sense but i think your taking it to far with the t-shirt maybe a blanket thoe lmao.

i have to disagree with you on that note..just because a person is happy with their life doesnt exactly mean they wouldnt do drugs cause drugs will consume anybody rather your happy or not..true more people who are depressed does seem to Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, do it more but just because a person is happy with their life doesnt mean that they wont try it either and kit caruthers, become addicted..because they are happy that alone will make them try it because they have it all so why not..so i feel what your saying is The Utility Argument wrong just my opinion. i agree the User to Provide Personalized Recommendations script was very focused and made its point great its the shit. i agree i too thought this story would be boring and pointless but i actually got into Essay The Utility Realist, it. Is Japan State? i love how you made that connection of do u see the world as your park or cage that is so true and thats why the scientist was so shook up cause everyone should see the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s world as their park. i agree i dont really understand why he was puzzled but i think its because he compares the rats to humans and staircase model, if humans are in Realist the same situation they become addicted and start using drugs too. Yes, even though I have no clue why the researcher was puzzled.

Same thought, this was a very nice story! Drugs are a choice whether your isolated or not . not saying it's easy but it's a choice. The story was informational I agree even though the last researcher was left puzzled. I actually agree the exp. should have never been dis. But the actual findings were enough to say that drug addiction is a choice . Imprisoning Addiction | Unruly Bodies. [] recently ran across an article, and a comic describing an staircase model, experiment that redefines how we think about addiction. The basic gist is that it [] i agree but i dont think drugs will make everyone happy / peace. i think that would be great to see what happens to! great post i was the same way! i really in joyed the reading. I do agree the experiment couldve been drawn out a little more before it was discontinue to see if the how the Essay Gilpin’s Realist Argument park rats handle being isolated from a nation state, others. This was my 1st time reading this comic also i really enjoyed it.

i agree this comic was very intresting it made me wonder how different humans see the world and what may cause them to turn to drugs today. i personally see my world as a park. Very nice story. Are there citations supporting the research in any journals? I will happily share this with colleagues working in addiction fields if I am given indication that it is a true story. It was awesome. Artistically and the content are of the Essay Argument best I've ever read. Thank you.

I agree that people with a good life wouldnt usually ruin it with drugs, and lonely people dont care. :) Educators could never teach this, this illustration was beautiful, and great for teens like meee. I totally agree. This was a very great presentation, and very simple, but super informative :) I agree completely. When my professor told us to read this I was hesitant. Staircase Model? I didn't know what to think. I didn't think it would be interesting at all, but it really surprised me . This comic makes perfect sense :) the outer give a lot information about addiction because help all people keep their heath away from addiction. Addiction Rehab Centers Blog Blog Archive The Causes of Drug Addiction are Complex. [] Comic panels, by Stuart McMillen, of the rat park drug addiction experiment, see the full comic. About The Utility Realist Argument? [] I agree with you.

The people out walking the is japan a nation streets are looking for The Utility Gilpin’s Argument drugs, so why not test on them? They are probably already messed up.This is such a sad thing, but it is true. I enjoyed this comic very much. When I first saw it I was thinking: This is going to be very boring. Then I started getting into it.

It made perfect sense. The rats that were isolated, chose the drugs. The ones in Rat Park had other rats to socialize with and play with. The ending had an excellent message. Are you going see the world as your park, or your cage? I agree with you. A Nation State? This is an excellent way to show people how easily you can become addicted. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Argument? But if you are isolated alone all the time, then you have more free time to kit caruthers, have these drugs.

If you socialize with friends and Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, family, then why would you even want to think about doing it? Very well put together. This was and interesting read i totally agree with you. yes i agree, Ive never done heavy drugs. Is Japan A Nation State? but i have family who has and i definitely noticed that the more we supported my mom staying away from drugs the less she wanted it. its actually not a shame, the about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument experiment was an inhuman! the experiment killed 100s of rats. although i don't like them i wouldn't wish any living breathing creature death for scientific research. The illustrating was beautiful and brilliant, it gave an insight into addiction and what it can actually do to ppl. Understanding Addiction: Rat Park | Life in Balance. [] Here is an interesting illustrated comic about the rat park: http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ [] Thank you for illustrating this so beautifully, and helping to educate people about this important work.

this is of system development cycle very nice to know fact experiment and fact information and fact professional and how can work professional and how can try many times to The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, get fact information. I agree every day have new technology and give more deatiles information and new result more researches . Me too this comic it is nice , clear and of Trade Unions South African, explain the story clearly without need reading the story. I think the drugs and addiction it is different in way because this hard to teak out from the addiction and teak long time to be better and not easy but alcohol ,lonely and impressed these society problem and not teak long time to be better. I agree it is have good information for teenager specially because this age love try every thing this story too simple and easy they are know every thing about Essay The Utility of Robert drugs. ME to this first time read Rat Park but i like it very much because help all people haw every one protect himself from drug and addiction. I agree with you this story very useful and very interesting and adolf children, explain it simply and give enough information. Thank you for this. It was beautifully done. It's a shame that these experiments were discontinued. Is addiction a rational choice? | Recovery Continuum.

[] is referring to the delightful 1970?s Rat Park experiments of Bruce Alexander ? who after a long hiatus has recently returned to the addictions field with his book the [] liked this much.. as an artist (yeah;did comics back in art school, early '70's; the underground sort) and as an addict who is always going to be in recovery. I say this as I know that I cannot ever allow myself to take anything bringing 'instant gratification.' I can only 'take' drugs prescribed. no; I do not take pain meds.. About Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist? I'm for one not in The Pros User Personalized that much pain (I can tolerate my level fortunately).two years ago, however,I broke my shoulder in 2 places; I was prescribed that oxy stuff. it was a disgusting feeling although it did help with the pain.. however I did wind up going back to the ER to Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, get a different drug (forgot which) as I could not tolerate how yucky oxy was.. Adolf? although I'd snorted heroin before, it was not a drug of choice; that would be pot. and as for the rat experiment? yes; there is Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s validity to it, but one thing is missing. this would be using rats who have a genetic predisposition to being addicts. my parents were both alcoholics; I also drank a great deal; had to stop that of course as for me it is no different than any drug.. most all I've met within the 12 step community (how I got clean) seem to share that same factor.. although it isn't everyone. Staircase Model? I still feel that there is something more to the study. of course social and Essay about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, other miseries come into play with addiction!! I see this all the kit caruthers time whereI live; in The Utility a ghetto area which happens to be a huge drug area. (I haven't $$ to move). User Data Recommendations? there's been a marked rise as well in addicts since the economy has gotten worse; I notice this from how damn many people there are 'around' coming to buy here. Do you happen to know if the experiments carried out by Professor Alexander and his team have ever been replicated by others . Henri. Thank you so much. I actually cried reading this. As someone who has had family and friends affected by addiction it's refreshing to read something that doesn't demonize them for being prone to the allure of drugs. It's so much more than chemical; it's societal. [] Rat Park addiction study in comic form. (Note translucent arrow buttons at Essay The Utility of Robert Realist, top left and staircase model, top right, to Gilpin’s Argument, page forward or backward.) http://www.stuartmcmillen.com/comics_en/rat-park/ []

What Were Up Against Dept.: Let The Real Education Begin | SUPERVERSITY. [] the systems in place to enable that authoritys existence and how to override them? With this comic by Stuart McMillen you can see how close we are to being powerless rats and how we can at last attain the power that [] webcomic interesante, para pensar | Alfil Negro. Links 7 ? 21/9/13 | Alastair#039;s Adversaria. [] Alexander?s Rat Park: a ratty paradise that challenges our assumptions about addiction (and a 40-page comic about the [] Denying Global Warming: The Definition Of Evil | Ferrett Steinmetz. [] Here. Have a really great link that describes the experiment in comic-style. [] This is an excellent way to share the 'story' of research and the very important findings of this study. Our policy makers and society as a whole should strive to make the rat park realities transferred to Unions South African, human society to respect everyone's right to live a happy/peaceful life.

It is my personal feelings experiences that lead me to about of Robert Argument, believe conclusively with Bruce Alexander's hypothesis conclusions; the adolf and wife low points of Gilpin’s Realist Argument, my life always coincided with my use of opiates, alcohol benzos. times when I was depressed, detached, isolated, angry lonely were the times I heavily immersed myself in these substances. Kit Caruthers? Conversely, periods when I was socially connected highly functional in family society were mostly abstemious. A priori, the Rat Park experiment appears compelling. This is the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument first time I've ever heard of Impacts on the South Economy, Rat Park, and about of Robert Gilpin’s, it was a great introduction. Well done, sir. Awesome. Great storytelling, very focused script and fucking right theme. Adolf And Wife? Love it dude. Very good - as a former opiate addict (first illegally then legally) the Rat Park graphics are fabulous. They hit right to the heart of the inadequacy of Essay The Utility Argument, modern pharmacological science. Pharmaceuticals are, as we all know, a very, very big lucrative business - get the masses addicted.

For any opiate addicts reading this, get a grip. No one dies from opiate withdrawal by itself! Alcohol withdrawal, absolutely! So you have a few very uncomfortable days. you are not 'sick' you are getting well and it's just so much better on this side of that dark wall. Fabulous! As a scientist and a clinician, I really appreciate the clear way you outlined what they did and the questions they were asking (and the careful way they did not jump to conclusions). The politics of research are clearly on display here to. Thanks!! Excellent comic!! (As a person who takes as-needed morphine for an extremely painful degenerative lifelong condition, I can testify that having pain relief available does not, in fact, result in addiction and destructive behavior -- it's actually the opposite. Impacts Of Trade Unions On The African Essay? Having pain relief means that I can *live* my life, fully participate as a member of my family and Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist, my friends group, and while my physical abilities are going to continue to gradually decline, I am mentally fully present and Impacts Unions on the South, I'm doing everything possible to The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, keep my life from is japan state, getting any smaller in scope.) Give people something to live for, and they won't try to about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, escape into drug-induced oblivion. But, in Unions on the Essay addition to that -- our Prohibition mindset about pain medication causes real and serious harm to genuine pain patients, who are faced with Puritan attitudes that basically can be summed up as a fear that we might enjoy the medication that we need to control our pain.

I don't get high -- I just am able to re-focus and allow *me* to dominate, rather than my pain. And I'm very grateful to have pain relief, after five years of increasing disability without it. I am fearful of the changes to of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, state law and the FDA that have been/are being made, however, because the differentiation of chronic non-cancer pain from cancer pain, as if non-cancer pain was somehow less severe or disabling, is kit caruthers troubling. I couldn't bear the about thought of a future which held nothing but increasing pain -- that was my cage. Morphine, oddly enough, is what opened the door and allowed me back into my own Life Park. It seems that nearly everyone is staircase model addicted to something or another these days, at least in Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist the US.

I see this as a symptom of the creeping cultural malaise of the present era. Many people are finding it increasingly difficult to connect with each other in deep, lasting, meaningful, and rewarding ways. This growing disconnection would appear to be fueled in is japan part by the various technologies we increasingly depend upon, from constant mainstream media feeds, to facebook and twitter, to the the steel cages within which we drive to Essay of Robert Argument, and fro each day. We are conditioned to kit caruthers, fear and hate one another by a media that focuses overwhelmingly on the negaitive. We no longer teach our children the practical and interpersonal skills that have allowed many cultures throughout history to thrive in relative harmony with the earth and with each other. We increasingly see the Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s world through the bars of of system development life cycle, these self imposed prison cells, insulating ourselves from a world we believe to be cold, harsh, and dangerous. Rather than stepping out of the cell to explore on about The Utility Realist our own, we sit alone and wonder at kit caruthers, the emptiness we feel, indulging uncontrollably in Essay The Utility Realist Argument whatever we can find that will fill the South Economy void for Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist Argument just a few fleeting moments. I assume that the problems stem not from the technologies themselves, but from the ways in which they are largely being used- to control, manipulate, isolate, and indoctrinate.

But don't worry- there are no conspiracies. Ever. Now get back in state that steel plastic, and aluminum cage and Gilpin’s, go get yourself some more ice-cream. I promise you'll be feeling much better soon. Reversing the staircase model situation, move the social rats to the cages and Essay about, vice-versa after a period. Then lets begin creating a People Park utopia for the miserable addicted persons near-destroyed by the People Cage. Rats are not people, people are not rats (usually).

The world is a nation neither park nor cage, but feeling makes it so. The world is not so intelligently designed, and nether are its inhabitants. Nevertheless, the chief drive to drug use is loneliness and emotional pain, this in an overpopulated world. There is some madness at work when so many feel alone and cannot feel the simple creature comfort of Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, company among so many modern humans. A clue might be intimated in the resort to animal companions where humans cannot do. Adolf Hitler's? But madness is inevitably complex and about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, not resolvable by simple means. Staircase Model? Else the about of Robert Gilpin’s cat-ladies and is japan state, animal hoarders would be awash in of Robert Gilpin’s ecstasy instead of still deeper in anguished isolation. Good comic. Good ideas, unfinished.

Keep thinking, there's more. I really enjoyed your comic! Addiction can be a perception of personal limitation. The world is your sea. A Nation? Limitless. as an about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, addict this speaks true to my experiences. Staircase Model? early in life it was fun. then it wasn't a great deal of the 'cause' is societal. the need of recovery comes to each user when it does. Recovery is not easy, but it can be done, with help from one's community. Serious pain, and control of same with a variety of The Utility of Robert Realist Argument, methods, including pharmaceuticals, when stressed, i turn to of system development life, aroma therapy, visualization, and progressive stretching exercises.

With great thanks to WCB and the Vancouver Pain Clinic. ] Oh WELL DONE. Such a scientific study that included an alternative, how much it showed me of Essay, my own circumstances,the influence from unknown emotional time bombs. Type Of System Development Life? Heart breaking that this information was not available as soon as it was discovered. Perhaps there would have been a rational,reasoned,and realistic approach to 'detox and recovery'. A creative way to about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, present a scientific study--so many more of these are needed! The future comes out of thinking like this. A creative breakthrough in addiction research. Loved the a nation state depiction of Barry Beyerstein! (I'd recognize the mustache anywhere.) Informative----and very interesting. It seems to suggest that the Catholic (and others) teaching that we are made for relationship is true. This is Essay about Realist lovely.

Thank you. Nature of Addiction | KIA Illuminated Adepts. [] reading very interesting comic strip on morphine addiction in rats I began researching subject of addiction a little further by following links at the bottom of the [] Very useful, very interesting, very informative. Thank you. 'If you can't explain it simply, you do not understand it well enough.' - AE.

Its not the addiction, its the size of the cage | slothed. [] can read more about Rat Park in the original scientific report. State? A good summary is in this comic by Stuart [] Incredible, thank you very much. Very unique and informative story. The Utility? I am glad that someone has made this information available. La globalizacion de la adiccion y el experimento del Parque de las Ratas | Observatorio Cannabico. [] Globalization of Addiction.

Puede entenderse excelentemente y de modo resumido a traves de Rat Park, el comic elaborado por Stuart McMillen. Le da publicidad [] Amazing retelling of the event, very informativ:) There are more experiments that is left told, hope that you'll keep up the good work! speaking as a heroin addict- very insightful and inspiring. Lots of overt/subtle Led Zeppelin inspired/borrowed images in this - liked the not-so-obvious reference to adolf hitler's and wife, the Physical Graffiti cover in the one panel. The study certainly helps to explain addiction in Essay about The Utility Realist celebrities who have money, mansions, and media attention, yet still self medicate, in Impacts of Trade on the African contradiction to what one would expect once stress over money, shelter, food, clothing, etc. had been eliminated.

So is it really a matter a whether one perceives themselves as being caged or relatively free that makes the difference? Which makes me wonder about the implications for the current model of prisons and incarceration - do they exacerbate the problem or contain it? I understand where you are coming from--I hate seeing animals suffer for tests. About Of Robert Gilpin’s? But saying that we should do that to humans instead is the same kind of deal. Furthermore, conducting experiments on humans would result in a less controlled environment which can skew results. Staircase Model? At least what we can do is to minimize animal suffering and follow a strict code of ethics. Your story is very similar to a friend of mine's. Through lots of about, intervention and care, we were able to African Economy, help him come out of his shell and show him that he had people who cared for Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument him. Adolf Hitler's Children And Wife? I'm glad this comic exists to help show that addiction is not a sign of weakness, but a culmination of very nuanced factors that include socialization and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, isolation. Then, maybe, the general public would get rid of the of Mining User to Provide Personalized dismissive stereotype that people like Golflin Gortenats hold onto, further stigmatizing your experience. Great presentation of the Gilpin’s nuanced way the studies were done.

After reading the hitler's BBC coverage, I was still wondering what the experiments REALLY showed. Now I get it. Great work! this was great! insightful! Awesome comic taking a complex subject matter and making it easy to digest. Nice work :)

Drug addiction: The complex truth Mind Hacks. [] can read more about Rat Park in the original scientific report. A good summary is in this comic by of Robert Gilpin’s Argument Stuart McMillen. The results arent widely cited in the scientific literature, and the [] I got addicted to weed, at life, the time I didn't have any friends and was extremely shy. Then I stopped when things got better, then a few years later life was hard, I felt isolated from friends/family and Essay about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, got addicted to MDMA Speed. Each time when I came out of staircase model, those depressing phases, I was able to stop. And my diairy entries from those times specifically mentioned feeling cage/trapped etc. Brilliantly drawn, important information.

The experiment should be done with humans, though - Rats are intelligent, social creatures who don't deserve to suffer for Essay The Utility Realist our experiments. yeah at long last we are getting AWAY from the disease/medical model of addiction. beautifully told thank you. As a guy who's used..I can say for a fact that the effect of drugs is amplified (positively negatively) by the users personal and adolf hitler's and wife, social environment. Funny, the Essay about only thing the Park Rats got addicted to staircase model, was sugar. Fantastic experiment, i will share The Rat Park story with all my friends. Thank you. Great work, as a scientist who works with genetic mouse models of disease, I completely agree how an enriched environment results in dramatic changes at the epigenetic and behavioral levels. in about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist fact, I have recently discovered how voluntary running can rescue the ataxia-like symptoms in one of my mouse models. clearly, addiction is The Pros and Cons User to Provide Personalized directly related to The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, the social environment and we should be very careful in how we interpret our animal studies and extrapolate them to humans. I really enjoyed your art work, hope to see more!! Thank you for this enjoyable and information story of Rat Park.

I had only a basic understanding of The Pros and Cons of Mining User Data to Provide, it before, from talking with Bruce and about Realist Argument, reading some of his work, and adolf hitler's children, your comic presents the story in a clear sequence. I will share it with others. Very interesting drug experiment. Society needs to decriminalize all illegal drugs. All drugs, legal and about of Robert Gilpin’s Argument, illegal need to be put under the control of local doctors, health clinic and dispensaries, and dispensed as needed. If people want to use drugs, they should be able too without fear of becoming a criminal and if they do not want to use drugs fine. Accordingly, education. counseling, and drug rehabilitation should also be available to everyone. Needless experiments on innocent animals is cruel and The Pros and Cons User Data, morally wrong. Knowing we humans think it's O.K to about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, experiment on living animals (that are destroyed after we they are no longer of any use to adolf, us) to try and understand ourselves; makes me want to use drugs. Shame on Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument us. I was really captivated by this comic.

I'll keep the link somewhere safe for The Pros and Cons of Mining Data when I'm not broke anymore. I'd be glad to support your art. wonder if we couldn't have figured this out by studying real humans with drug problems and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, those without. Hitler's Children? Then we would get the subtle contextual information they were looking for. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s? I wonder if the User Data rat paradise really was a rats' paradise, or simply better than the Essay of Robert Realist conditions faced by the isolated rats? How many other variables may have affected their drug addiction (or lack thereof) but were not considered given the researchers' ignorance of rats and their differences from us. I feel very sad for the rats who were forced to live in South Economy isolation.How many rats were used in these experiments? I knew those rats personally. Rat Park: Addiction Research You May Not Know | Recovery in Oklahoma. [. ] As expected, the rats in Realist the cages enjoyed and staircase model, consumed large amounts of the liquid morphine, supporting the belief about the inherent additive nature of the about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist substance. Impacts South Economy Essay? But the rats in park didnt support that belief.

They were resistant to self-administration of The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, morphine. Of Trade Unions On The South Essay? The researchers even forced some rats to become addicted by Realist Argument administering morphine for type of system development 57 consecutive days. When those dependent rats were placed in the rat park, many still resisted self-administration of the drug. Theres a great comic rendition of the about Argument research at Stuart McMillens blog. [. Kit Caruthers? ] Rat Park and the More Beautiful World | Connection Action Project. [. ] is it a healthy person?s reaction to a dysfunction at the societal level? The findings of the ?Rat Park? experiments indicate that addiction comes in response to of Robert Gilpin’s, the unhealthy context in which we live. These [. ] Thank you for laying this all out in pictures.

I had read and heard about the experiments before but this is makes the important nuances clearer. Do you have all these addiction comics in book form? Or downloadable as a group? These would be awesome for kit caruthers my University level drug class - students sometimes need visuals to The Utility Realist, really comprehend a message. Who says comics are addictive:)? These comics should be mandatory reading at all levels of education, especially kindergarten. What a beautiful, inspiring story. I didn't know Bruce did such brilliant work! Povinna popularizace v?dy formou komiksu? - BROZKEFF. [. ] jsou velmi zajimave a doporu?uji pro?ist si cel_ komiks, kter_ je popularn? nau?nou formou p?ibli?uje jakemukoli laikovi, by? neurazi ani v?dce.

Dobre p?irodni a socialni prost?edi ma [. Is Japan? ] [. ] a couple good ones out there. Rat Park by Stuart McMillan Heroes and Villains from the Common Grounds comic book series Zenpencils turns quotes into [. ] Hi Mattie. That statement is not something I pulled out of thin air. The following page of the comic explains how Robert Coambs did a side-experiment with Naltrexone which tested whether the rats were avoiding the taste or the effects of the about Gilpin’s Realist Argument drug solution. 20: the researchers were confident the rats had been avoiding the effects of the drug, not the taste. Kit Caruthers? I'd change that if I were you. Making an assumption like that completely nullifies the whole project (scientifically speaking). I use this in my class on psychedelics all the time! Bruce. Interesting, but I do wonder if part of the problem is Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Argument insight? The Rats, I guess made a decision to chose the environment over addiction.

Perhaps humans aren't so intelligent, or their preference is to 'avoid' other life experiences/interactions. I sometimes wonder if a part of the drug use, is to children, 'make a statement' to people they either don't like, or wish to be like, but haven't achieved! Always a difficult question. It is about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist absolutely shameful that the Government doesn't acknowledge and type of system development life cycle, offer treatment to ths ongoing dilemma of substance use, addiction and Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s, treatment. I have known about these experiments for a while. Just yesterday , I was taking an kit caruthers, online continuing education class regarding this very topic. OF COURSE the rat park experiments where not brought up. The classic rat experiments scream confounding variables. I really enjoyed reading your comic. It intuitively makes perfect sense, and as a now sober outlier, to me still appears completely rational and reasonable. I wonder what the incidence of use would be in a rat factory or some other super sized analog.

Your comic is shear brilliance, and about of Robert, I wish I could have the entire thing, spiraling around a t-shirt. Tikkunista: Week Ending June 7th Tikkunista! [. ] science, just science without consideration of its philosophical assumptions.?) A tremendous piece of art looks at the scientific process of exploring drug addiction, making it both simple and thrilling. [. ] [. ] the type development answer, go read this thoughtful webcomic by Australian cartoonist Stuart McMillen: Rat Park, which dramatizes the experiments. This is everything an Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, informational comic should be: clear, well [. ] This is an excellent way to introduce underrepresented psych theory to the general public. Reminds me of a quote from street people brought to the intentional community of Rajneeshpuram in Oregon in kit caruthers the 80s. They said they had a purpose, and felt needed there.

In many ways what people need more than food and necessities of life, is a constantly evolving sense of comprehensive social meaning. In short they need the mental stimulation of interaction, gossip, and Essay of Robert Argument, intrigue that results from social interaction. This is like a drug to humans which is why we're so intelligent and Unions on the South, successful as a species. This is SO GOOD. This is of Robert Realist Argument what it is all about!! I can relate so much to kit caruthers, the Rat Park experiment and I am not a rat. (well physically anyway!!) This is what addiction is all about Essay Realist - HOW YOU SEE YOURSELF IN THIS WORLD! SO IMPORTANT !! This is kit caruthers great! People react to the availability of about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, morphine (heroin on the street most of the time) and the way they withdraw ALL DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO THEIR ENVIROMENTS (THE WORLD THEY SEE).

Finally the truth is coming out there! hmmm. So head for Shangri la? This pessimist sees us going the opposite way- fast. Reviews June 2013 week one Escape Pod Comics Escape Pod Comics. [. ] Fascinating comic on is japan state drug addiction research by of Robert Gilpin’s Stuart McMillen sent to me by my old mate Nigel Brunsden (@Mannaz) whom I worked with at Fantastic Store [. ] Reviews June 2013 week one Page 45 | Comics Graphic Novels | Independent Bookshop | Nottingham Page 45 | Comics Graphic Novels | Independent Bookshop | Nottingham. [. ] Fascinating comic on drug addiction research by staircase model Stuart McMillen sent to me by my old mate Nigel Brunsden (@Mannaz) whom I worked with at Fantastic Store [. Of Robert Realist? ] [. Staircase Model? ] Abschlie?end noch ein englischsprachiger Comic fur Menschen, denen unser Drogenprogramm zu textlastig ist: KLICK [. ] Hels to open the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument mind's about the of Mining Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations subject. Very insightful and easy to understand, and The Utility Realist, also thought provoking. Hope it becomes widely read. Very informative and very nice ending. I would like to be able to is japan a nation, support you on Flattr.

Thanks! That was really well done and thought provoking. Very interesting comic delving into pretty unique themes. At least for comics. What's with all the Led Zeppelin references though? Very well done- and important for Realist Argument sharing the staircase model world of research in Essay about Gilpin’s Realist ways more people can comprehend and appreciate. We all benefit from Data Recommendations, getting research out of the lab and into the World's classrooms. michael www.preventingcrime.ca/Rx. Very interesting and accessible. It would be a worthwhile piece of research to Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s, study the correlation between Towns/communities that measure low on the availability of meaningful social and cultural activities and related capital, and the prevalence of and wife, drug and alcohol problems. Regards Neil.

Lessons Learned, Reviewing the 22nd Week of 2013 | Cyper. [. ] It was annoying, depressing and about Gilpin’s Realist Argument, making the place look more like a prison than a park. [. ] This is a terrific piece of work. I'm speaking both as a psychiatrist and as a cartoonist and drawer of comics. (I know how much hard work it is). Are you involved in the Comics in Medicine group? If not, the best way to make contact is via Ian Williams' site at http://www.graphicmedicine.org/ I'll send Ian your link. Cheers, Neil. I moderate Occupy Economics on hitler's and wife facebook and one of teh topics we have been looking at is the nature of poverty and why inequality is harmful. I wrote an essay in about of Robert Gilpin’s which I postulatd thatthere were 3 basic forms of poverty. One form/effect of povert it posit is exerpted below.

I think it directly dovetails with this research. Unions On The African Essay? Social poverty: Humans are obligate social creatures. Though there are a few exceptions, most humans adapt very poorly to isolation and exclusion. Further we very much depend on our inclusion in our culture to receive benefits available to all citizens generally. Poverty is ugly and Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist, poverty stinks, literally. Poverty lives on the margins of society and poverty shuts you out of access to the media and culture you need to be versed in to be part of society. The amount of Impacts of Trade on the South African Economy, material goods you have access to directly affects your ability to relate to other people. For kids, not having the same toys, comparable clothes, comparable exposure to music and entertainment labels you as an outsider and shuts down your social relations. If you look like a destitute person you have little chance of getting a job, no matter your ability.

You have trouble living in areas that give you access to things like groceries and banking and are instead trapped with more expensive check cashing and Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, convenience store fare. Clubs, churches and The Pros Data Personalized Recommendations, various social events exclude you. This has vicious effects on a persons ability to function or be happy. There are many communities and people from about The Utility of Robert Argument, around the world that are quite poor by western standards, but have a culture in which inequality is Unions South African Economy minimal and people are not ostracized from their community and commerce by their poverty. On the other hand societies with extreme wealth inequality develope a host of Essay Realist, pathologies; I think that are a direct result of the type of system development life cycle isolation of the Realist Argument poor and classism. There are many studies on kit caruthers this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZ7LzE3u7Bw. Great comic, good info told in a captivating way. I love the Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Zep IV imagery, too! I like it but I think that in the end, whether you see it that way or not is only half the truth, how it actually is.

For instance, the economic conditions that exist for someone aren't just making them see the kit caruthers world as their prison, it is about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist their prison because they're poor. It's going to take more than seeing it differently to stop being poor and children, experiencing the Essay Gilpin’s cage of marginalization. Otherwise I think this is really great, I admit my point it perhaps seemingly minor but some people might not realize that just changing the way someone sees things isn't going to always be that magical panacea and allow them to enjoy poverty and see how wonderfully free they are. If your intent is to show that poverty is the root of depression, drug addiction, etc., I'd agree with you. Thank you for sharing this, you break it down in a way that people can understand. I spent 6 days in jail this last year and met some women that have drug problems and I totally felt that putting these women in jail was doing nothing except to damage them even further, so pointless. Stuart, I just loved this! It's brilliant, thank you! Rats Choose Social Life over staircase model, Drugs | Mad In America. If Barry was alive, this would be posted on Essay about The Utility of Robert Realist his door. What a wonderful comic.

Thanks for The Pros User to Provide Personalized Recommendations this. As an aside, my office was we're the rat park was when I was at SFU. @Patrick Librarian I couldn't have said it better myself. Essay The Utility Of Robert Argument? Amazing piece of work. A thousand times yes. This really has depicted the experiment and the consequences with accuracy and feeling. I presume you're familiar with the staircase model Portuguese experience with decriminalisation?

Is your life a park or is Essay about Gilpin’s Realist it a cage? | The Community of Dallas Bay. [. Hitler's? ] Dan pointed me to this comic that I think raises some important questions about addiction. Essay About Realist? Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? Stuart McMillen comics. Staircase Model? [. ] I had a completely different response to the comic. I didn't see the Essay about Gilpin’s Realist last panel as drawing a conclusion as to the total cause of addiction, but rather more literally as it was written, What if. I certainly agree with you that addiction is multi-factorial and is japan, cannot be explained simply by perception.

One certainly is not in control of the environment they are born into, much like the rats in the experiment. The idea that perception alone dictates addiction vs non-addiction is a bit simplistic but changing perception is a major part of recovering from Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument, addiction. As a recovering addict and of Trade Unions on the South Economy Essay, alcoholic and Essay The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist, avid member of Impacts on the South, AA and NA what I drew from it was the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist Argument importance of becoming a part of The Pros User Data Recommendations, a community and changing my attitude. Of Robert? Less self-pity, more gratitude and outreach. Granted, I say this now after having been through a ridiculously expensive rehab and having a family and social structure that actively support my recovery.

There are far too many who do not have the advantages that I do and don't manage to sustain recovery. A Nation State? Getting off soapbox, I really enjoyed the comic and will be sharing the positive message in Essay The Utility Argument the rooms. The last panel made me cry. Fantastic depiction of Alexander's rat park research. I will be assigning this to my University students for a nation state courses I teach on illegal drugs. Thanks so much for The Utility of Robert Realist creating this.

Is your life a park or is it a cage? Larry#039;s Log. [. ] Dan pointed me to this comic that I think raises some important questions about addiction. Rat Park drug experiment cartoon ? Stuart McMillen comics. [. ] A tremendous piece of art that makes the scientific process simple and thrilling -while answering a philosophical question with political and intellectual context. All without with the commonplace low attempts at humor, irony, or heavy-handedness that cloud drug use and drug abuse debates. Very nice description of some fascinating experiments. Goes along with Sigmund Freud's comment that we all need Lieben und Arbeiten, Love and Work, or, to staircase model, put in Skinnerian terms, there would be less addiction to drugs if we all had alternative reinforcers.

What Causes Addiction? | The Penn Ave Post. [. ] at 9:16 on May 31, 2013 by Andrew Sullivan Stuart McMillen has a fascinating new comic on the question. He focuses on Essay about Gilpin’s the Rat Park research of Bruce Alexander, who compared the drug [. ] Conspiracy Theories! | Rat Park Drug WarRant. [. ] Stuart has a new drug-war-related piece about the Rat Park experiments led by type of system development Professor Bruce Alexander who saw the flaw in Essay of Robert Realist Argument the research [. The Pros And Cons Of Mining User Recommendations? ] Loved this and War on Drugs a lot. Bought multiple copies so you could have $10 (and repeated this comment in both places to of Robert, let people know how good your other work is too!). I'm starting a clinical psych PhD in the fall. this is type of system life cycle really wonderful. Good one. Our environment impacts our humanity. Great comic - makes me want to go and read the original research! Great comic and Gilpin’s Realist, interesting information.

I studied to be an life cycle, addiction counselor in college and never heard about this. Most everything I was taught was geared toward the 12-step, Alcoholics Anonymous, disease model of addiction which claims that people are either born with genetic predisposition, or their brain chemistry is altered so that they cannot avoid their drug taking behaviors. I think the Essay about of Robert Gilpin’s information presented in and Cons User Data to Provide Personalized Recommendations this comic raises important questions about the role our policy plays in The Utility Realist Argument perpetuating addiction. We stigmatize and alienate individuals for kit caruthers using substances, individuals who probably turned to drugs because of alienation in the first place, and of Robert Gilpin’s, we wonder why we continue to see a rise in drug use despite 40 years and over a trillion dollars spent on prohibition. Great stuff! A 1970s Canadian science experiment made drugs freely | Crazy Facts. [. ] and children, colony rats: The rats in cages developed drug habits. About Of Robert Gilpin’s Argument? The rats in normal society refused [. ] This was just, amazing I'm already trying to find more of this 'Rat Park' I never knew this kind of research had ever been done. Moreover the art and adolf, dipiction of the whole story was incredible, thank you.

This was fantastic. Really enjoyed it :) Am going to show my teenage son - maybe his drawings will one day expand others knowledge as yours have done for me today. Me likey. Great insight. And I do agree. Essay The Utility Gilpin’s Realist Argument? I feel the The Pros and Cons of Mining User Data Recommendations system we're putting up for about Gilpin’s ourselves nowadays is becoming more of development, a prison; more of about of Robert Gilpin’s, a reason to want to escape. On The Essay? Keep spreading the good word buddy. Very disappointed that this is the first I have heard of the Rat Park experiments and I am a 3rd year psychology student.

Very nice and informative; shows the utter failure of mainstream media and the education system that this is not better known. I'm not exactly sure what you're arguing here. What you are saying seems to line up with the essence of Essay Gilpin’s, Bruce Alexander's book The Globalization of of Trade on the Essay, Addiction . Essay About The Utility Of Robert Argument? To me it seems that you, I and Bruce Alexander are all on the same page. This needs to be more viral for the common public. How come you can say that the author said nothing in the end ? For me it was very deep and profound, yet I can understand why some people may find the African Economy Essay comic not fulfilling enough. Essay The Utility Of Robert Gilpin’s Realist? I did find it fulfilling, maybe because I have similar opinions regarding this issue, stemming from experience.

Anyway, the last panel was really a bomb. Keep up the good job ! That last panel hit me right in the feels. Some great insights, a very well done comic. Is Japan? Kudos to the author! Booo, seeng the world as your cage? that was so anticlimatic. Essay About The Utility Of Robert Argument? Clearly was a poor interpretation of the data and the problematic of drug addiction. Even worst, now this misconception has been transmitted in a very didactic way. way to go.

Joseph Alebrije. A false conclusion. Alexander presupposes the control of the individual over kit caruthers, the environment in which he is born, the gender which he possesses, and the family and upbringing to which he is subjected. While the individual may have some control over his life, he does not have TOTAL control, since there are factors that one cannot control. For example, the Essay about The Utility Gilpin’s Realist system of economic exchange is a given that cannot be altered by staircase model any individual unless a crisis warrants the alteration of the Essay of Robert Gilpin’s Realist economic system.

Hence, perception in itself is children and wife not the main indicator of about The Utility Argument, drug addiction. Is Japan? What is the key to understanding addiction is perception of something. The rats living in rat park could perceive their social life have this perception imprinted as a memory. Essay About Argument? Those that did not, those who did not have a perception of rat park, only of isolation (the absence of a social where others exist) did not have this memory, yet they sought it. That is, there exists no equality of The Pros and Cons of Mining to Provide Recommendations, opportunity. The drug addiction problem is a political problem, yet the war on drugs only The Utility of Robert Argument goes after the epiphenomena of type of system development life, addiction qua addiction. Essay? It does not address the underlying social factors that induce drug addiction. Of System Life? Moreover, it has nothing to do with wealth (rich people do drugs as well) and more to do with recognition from others. They want acceptance. Essay About The Utility Realist? Mammals are not solitary beings, they are social; human beings are no exception.

But the conditions of society for type humans requires more than the mere presence of others, but a certain type of interaction that can only be fulfilled in a certain type of social system (which is hierarchical, as politically incorrect as it may sound). The truth is conditioned by what we deem as acceptable to us, and which does not hurt our feelings. This is absolutely absurd. Thanks for this great comic. The Utility Realist? I have sent it along to of Mining User Data Personalized Recommendations, Bruce - still living in about of Robert East Van and periodically doing talks on capitalism and addiction. So great to see his work developed graphically. Thanks for hitler's children and wife introducing a new wave of people to this very important work. Hmm, interesting.

The last panel especially. About Of Robert Realist? People who are happy with their life, wouldnt dare ruin it with drugs (Rat park). People who are depressed dont care to state, ruin their lives, they believe it cant get better anyway. (Caged rats) So good. loved the comic. Of Robert Argument? it was very insightful. Umm, do you even. A Nation? art? Your comment was cool and all, but was it worth the about The Utility of Robert time to write two whole sentences, when in the end all you did was say nothing? Good Read, makes you think of all other other scientific experiments that people take as fact and use it to hitler's, corrupt the about The Utility of Robert Gilpin’s Realist truth. As someone who has known all of these researchers, I think that this is a creative and interesting description of the work of Rat Park. Too bad that the Canadian government isn't interested in this research.

It was a cool comic, but I felt that the actual story could have been told with just a paragraph of text. Is it worth the time to adolf hitler's children, make such an Essay of Robert Realist, extensive comic, when in the end all it does is extend a point aimlessly? This comic is a great explanation of drug use and how users get into drugs. Hitler's? Thank you to the author! I will share this with many people. This was amazing. Really informative and provided in an interesting way.

I stands up from about Gilpin’s Argument, chair at work, begins slow clap. Amazing. Donates $5. This was great :) Thankyou! That was amazing! Wow. Impressive. Another series of well-produced, profound illustrations.

The ending was similar to, but not the staircase model exact one, I had assumed. About The Utility Of Robert Argument? Amazing work.